(???)AKE WHIPS AND
Hgs Form Basis of Many De-
Desserts During Early
Spring and Summer.
■me simple recipes given
Housewives Take Advantage
H of Plentiful Supply of Eggs to
■ Convert Them Into Nutritious
by the United States Depart
ment cf Agriculture.)
|H In early spring and summer, when
are plentiful and cheap, the
Hirifty among the housekeepers utilize
of them for desserts. When
Hits Is done the rest of the meal does
■ot need to be quite so “hearty.”
■ The following recipes are recom-
Hiended by food specialists of the Unit-
Bd Stutes Department of Agriculture:
■ Soft Custard.
cup milk 2 tablespoons sugar
■l teaspoon vanilla I*l6 teaspoon Balt
■ Heat the milk in a double boiler.
Blix the eggs in a bowl with the sugar
Hind salt. Add hot milk slowly, stirring,
Hnd return mixture to the double boiler.
Kook until custurd will coat a silver
■Hioon. Strain and serve. If the cus-
Hurd curdles set the pan into cold wa
iter and beat the custard until smooth.
I Steamed or Baked Custard.
El pint milk cup sugar
■S eggs * *» teaspoon salt
■ U teaspoon nutmeg
■ or cinnamon
■ Mix eggs as for soft custard. Strain
■into custard cups and steam until tirm
lover hot water, which Is boiling gently.
■To bake, struln the custard Into cups
land place in a pan of warm water.
■ Bake in a moderate oven until the cus-
I tard is firm. To test a steamed or
When a Custard Is Baked a Slow Oven
baked custard, slip a knife blade to
the bottom of the cup in the center
of the custard and draw out without
turning. If the knife is not coated the
custard has cooked enough. Grute the
nutmeg over the surface and cool be
1 quart milk 5 eggs (yolks)
*4 teaspoon salt % teaspoon vanilla
Vt cup sugar
Prepare as a soft custard. The whites
CLUB GIRL’S WORK RESULTS IN
BUILDING NEW HOME FOR FAMILY
Home Demonstration Agent Assisting Girls’ Club Members In the Seiec
tion of a Garden Spot.
/Prpnared by the United States Depart- i
(lrepareu m ent of Agriculture.) | .
Three years ago Irene Garner of
Madison county, Ala., Joined n Kiris'
gardening anti canning dull. Each 1
Jenr since she 1ms cleared a good
profit on her work. She gave this to
her parents on condition that they
build themselves a new home as soon
as possible. The time before they de
cided on the step seemed long to the
little club gin. hut meanwhile she
kept industriously at the club work ,
ntsl followed her leader's Instructions.
Soon the results of her efforts be
came apparent In the home. Then
she persuaded her father to take up)
newer lines of development on his |
farm, and last year he built the mod
ern, attractive country home which
tad been promised her.
Should be beaten light and two table
spoons powdered sugar added for the
meringue. When the custard Is cool
It may be poured Into sauce dishes and
the meringue dropped In large spoon
fuls Into It.
H cup pearl tapioca H cup sugar
or rice 2 cups milk •
2 eggs (yolks) 2 eggs (whited)
% teaspoon vanilla % teaspoon salt
Soak the tapioca In enough cold'wa
ter to cover It until It absorbs the
water. Add the milk and cook In a
double boiler until the tapioca Is soft
and transparent. Combine the yolks
of eggs with sugar and salt and add
to the mixture in the double boiler.
Cook until it thickens. Add stiffly
beaten whites and Uavoring, and when
cold serve. Rice must be cooked In
boiling wuter until soft.
2 cups apple sauce Cream for serving
2 eggs (whites)
Cook six or eight medium-sized tart
apples until soft In Just enough water
to keep them from burning. Add sirup
to sweeten sufflclently and one-eighth
tcaspoonful gruted nutmeg. Cool.
Press the apple sauce through a
strainer and add to it the stiffly beaten
whites of eggs. Beat until light and
foamy. Pile onto saucers and serve
with fresh cream or a .custard sauce
made of the egg yolks. This sauce may
be prepared by the same method as for
soft custard, omitting the whites of
eggs. Canned fruit, such as peuches,
llgs, cherries or guava, may be substi
tuted In the sume proportion for the
LEMONS CONDUCE TO
HEALTH AND PLEASE
Have New Importance in Diet,
Long List of Beverages and Desserts
in Which Juice Can Be Used, as
Well as in Number of Sauces
for Fish and Meat
In the olden times sailors who took
long trips and ate no fresh vegetables
and fruits for weeks or months were
likely to fall victims to scurvy. Finally
a cure or a partial cure for It was
found In lemon Juice.
Of lnte years scientists have been
making a study of scurvy, its cnuse
and Its cure and of the conditions
that make the body proof against this
disease. They have discovered a sub
stance called vitamlne C, which seems
to prevent and even to cure this dis
ease. It is found in many foods,
among them tomatoes and such cit
rus fruits as oranges, grapefruit and
Lemons, therefore, have a new im
portance In the diet, according to food
specialists In the United States De
partment of Agriculture, office of
home economics. They are no longer
to be valued simply for their flavor,
but also as a source of one of these
Lemons can be prepared In all sorts
of ways In the preparation pf meals.
There Is a long list of beverages and
desserts In which lemon Juice Is used,
as well as a number of delicious
sauces that expert cooks have Invent
ed to serve on fish and meat. Many
of these sauces the busy housekeeper
has no time to make, but she can cut
a lemon in two and put It on the table
to serve with fish, oysters, or meat.
Some people think that a little lemon
Juice adds just the zest needed to
make eggs on toast a tasteful dish.
Lemon juice Is also good on spinach
and other green vegetables, on many
kinds of salads, and also as flavoring
lor pudding sauces and cakes.
Irene learned from her club leader
how to finish tloors and woodwork and
how to paper a wall. Then she and
a small brother put the lessons Into
practice, and the whole Interior of the
house was finished by their efforts.
Her own room she furnished with a
quaint old suite of furniture which
she made over. The rag rug on the
floor she made herself as well ns the
> curtains at the window. Little money
was expended, but much taste and In
genuity were put Into the room.
Besides being an expert gardener
and canner, this Madison county girl
can embroider and sew, can cook nice
ly, and serve a properly-balanced
meal. Last hut not least, she finds
i time to be a leader of her community
In all social affairs.
THE CHEYENNE BBGOBD
STRONG ON TALK
This Land Too Full of Half-Baked
What Good-Natured Americana Have
to Endure in Theee Daye la
Burely “a Plenty."
Americans are prubably the most
Fully Advised people on earth. The
whole land Is full of emergency
rostrums where people who huve . a
passion for advising their brethren
may repair and relieve their minds
No people nre more Talked To and
Talked At. and no people are more
Tolerant and Good-Nuturcd übout It.
Not only is tiie land full of native
advisory tulent, but udvisers hive here
from other lands und insist upon Ex
plaining Matters to us—giving us the
low-down and the real McCoy on a
variety of topics, many of them ex
The lnnd Is full of well-fed, impruc
tlcal theorists who have Thought It
All Out und nre Willing and Anxious
to Tell About It, asserts Glenn M.
Farley in the Seattle Post-lntelll
Most of the Fluent Speakers are
men who have never done anything in
all their long lives but write or talk.
They never, by any chance, have got
Into the thick of things themselves;
never been horned around and pushed
and shoved and stepped on, or ac
quired calloused hands or practical ex
perience In Working fora Living; never
stood up to the East Wind of Hard
Luck and Hard Work and Won
Through in spite of discouragements.
Still they are Perfectly Willing to
Explain Matters and tell how to
correct our sad mistakes of Judge
The land is full of Instructors With
out Appointment and Guides Without
Is it any wonder that we are so
often on the wrong track? Is It not a
miracle that we nre on the road at
all and making progress?
The lnnd is full of Critics, men anx
ious to point out the errors of poor,
lost, wandering •humanity; men keen
to tear down and destroy the work of
others und furnish nothing construc
tive to replnce it; men full of theories,
but short on pructice.
It is a fine thing 'for a citizen t,o
huve u Helpful Theory, but a still
finer thing for him to Work It Out.
It seems to come nuturul to a lot of
people to Explain Mutters. When u
citizen feels moved to go out in the
Buck Yard und Undertake to Plant u
Garden some neighbor is Quite Apt to
step over und Lean on the Fence and
Explain to him precisely how the
gurden should be Put In.
Whut a Splendid, Grand Glorious
Thing it would be if all the Volunteer
Instructors and Guides and Exhorters
would Stop Talking und Go to Work
As it is, a lot of the Listeners are
Getting Nervous. They are getting rea
sonably well Fed Up with Instruction.
When a man who has been Through
the Mill Raises ids Voice in counsel,
lie generally bus something of value
But when a party witli a Gas Bag
moves in arid begins to Release the
Gas he becomes a nuisance to every
body. He annoys people who are
really working und accomplishing
something, und often drops a monkey
wrench or u screw driver into the
There are orutors running around
with a Load of Misinformation who
would probably Be All Bight if they
Had a Batli und a Haircut and con
sented to Go to Work.
Anyhow, it would be Worth Trying,
and it would be a Wonderful Belief
to the Public.
There are entirely too many able
bodied men standing around Instruct
ing Others und awulting u formal in
troduction to Hard Work.
This country's business and in
dustry would Bounce Like a Rubber
Bull if we could’contrive to Induce
every ablebodied man to turn his hand
to some useful work and Soft Pedal
the Talk. .
What we need is a Moratorium on
As it is the season for the Talkfest
is over, and the Janitor Will Soon Be
Putting Out the Lights.
One of the most interesting of na
ture’s processes is that by which
cracks in volcanic rocks are filled in
with materials brought up in hot solu
tions from the bowels of the earth. It
Is by tills means that “veins" and
“lodes" of gold and silver are formed.
In tiie eastern part of Iceland there
is a locality where such cracks in
rocks have been filled in with a pure
carbonate of lime which forms clear
and beautiful crystals. These crystals,
.called “Iceland spar," have a peculiar
property of "polarizing" light, which
makes them valuable for in con
nection with Jid other
Within the last few years deposits
of Iceland spar have been discovered
in Sweetgrnss county, Montana, und In
the Warner range near Cedarville,
Calif. Efforts are being made to de
velop them.—Philadelphia Ledger.
The newcomer to the town wps ap
proached by . some ladles and asked
if he would not like to send hip chil
dren to Sunday school. Thejj were
decidedly startled when he replied:
“Oh, yes, indeed, lam h—l o|n Sun
day schools.” —Harper’s Magazine.
Memorial Tree Planted in Soil of Allied Lands
A white oak memorial tree was planted at the Stute Institute of Applied Agriculture at Furmlngdale, L. L, un
der the auspices of the American Forestry association. Soil from four allied countries —France, Great Britain, Italy
and Belgium, was used in planting the tree.
Youth Sold as
Slave by Turks
Armenian Lad Tells Thrilling
Story of His Escape
SAVED BY BRITISH SOLDIERS
Father, Mother and Sister Exiled Into
Mesopotamia Desert Die of Starva
tion—Reaches Chicago Through
Help of Near East Relief.
Chicago.—That truth Is stranger
than Action is Illustrated by the story
told by Bedrus Slsllan a seventeen
year-old Armenian boy, who escaped
from sluvery in Arublu and arrived
la Chicago recently.
His story of slavery and flight; the
exiling of his father, mother and sis
ter Into the Mesopotamia desert and
their subsequent death from starva
tion ; the meeting In Constantinople
between Bedrus and his brother, Ed
ward, who Is a seaman on the United
Stutes destroyer No. 239, was told In
the oflice of the Nenr East relief, with
Mrs. Ardaslies Slsllan of 740 North
Wells street, Bedrus’ sister-in-law,
acting ns the interpreter.
Until ubout three years ago the SIs
lian family was living in comparative
comfort in the city of Adana, which is
close to Tarsus in Cilicia. One day
the Turkish soldiers came Into the
city and ordered all the non-Molmm
mednn people to leuve their homes and
go toward the Mesopotamia desert.
Hastily, the mother and father cut
the lmir of the three girls in the fam
ily and daubed their faces with mud
to prevent their '.ale Into slavery.
Bedrus, then fourteen years old, did
not escape that fate because, he says,
lie was strong and the Turks saw in
him the making of a farm laborer.
Family Separated; Boy Sold.
The family was sepuruted—the
father, mother and girls being driven
to Mosul near Nineveh, a distance of
about 500 miles from their nome, and
the boy was sold to a caravan, of Ar
abian traders for u sum equivalent to
an English pound. The traders in turn
sold him to a rich farmer~l!or a sum
equivalent to somewhat less than
three English pounds.
This farmer told Bedrus that ho
would adopt him us his son and mako
him his heir if the . Armenian lad
would renounce his Christian iaith and
become a Mohammedan. The lad kept
his own counsel until they arrived at
a small hotel In Human. The hotel
keeper, an Arabian Christian, whis
pered to the boy that in three days
he would help him te escape. While
the farmer was busy with his affairs
In the town, the hotelkeeper sent the
boy to a friend, another Arabian Chris
tian, who owned a lunch room in an
other part of the town. Here Bedrus
worked for seven months as a waiter.
Testing Work of a Huge Sound Amplifying Device
Within the quiet confines of the Yama Ynma farms at Naponach, N. Y., some two-score presidents of the tin*
tlon’s foremost telephone and telegraph companies gathered to study a huge voice-and-sound amplifying derlea.
Strains of music, originating In Chicago, were transmitted to the amplifier which Intensified the sound wtTM as
that they could be plainly heard for a distance of four miles from the Yama Yams farms.
A detachment of the British army
come to the village and picked up
many of the Armenian 'orphans, in
cluding Bedrus, and took them to a
newly organized orphanage in Mosul.
The boy did not know ills parents
were refugees In that city until they,
with other Anncniun parents seeking
lost children, came to the orphunage
and found Bedrus.
Die of Starvation.
Tho family reunion was a happy
one, but food was scarce. Within the
year the eldest sister, eighteen years
of age, died of starvation. Five
months later the father died of the
same cause. The mother’s death fol
lowed in two weeks. The boy man
aged, with the help of the English
army, to get back to Adana, accom
panied by his two younger sisters, who
later were taken by the British to Port
Said. Bedrus found a job in a tailor
shop in his home town, where he
worked for four months, when Turk
ish soldiers ngnin looted the homes of
the Armenians and sold the hoys and
girls into slavery and he fled toward
There he worked as a dock laborer
for three months, when, fearing the
Turks would find him and return him
to slavery, he started to Constantino;
pie. There an Armenian society gave
him a Job without pay except his
board, In a general store, where he
stayed for six months.
The boy told of meeting his brother
WILL PRESS CLAIM AGAINST PERU
Seek Reward for Discovery of
Nitrates and Guano.
Original Claim of SIOO,OOO in. 1844 Haa
Grown to Nearly $100,000,000
Recognized, but Never Paid.
Washington.—Claims amounting to
nearly $100,000,000 for the . discovery
of nitrates and guano will he pressed
against the Peruvian government, ac
cording to provisions of the will of
John Celestine Landreau, filed In the
District of Columbia Supreme court.
Landreau, who was the brother of
Jean Theoplille Landreau, French
scientist and explorer of New York,
who discovered nitrates while on an
expedition in South America in 1844,
names his grandson, Norman IJ. Lan
dreau, and Attorney Martin J. Mc-
Namara trustees and executors of his
Following his discovery Jean Lan
dreau applied to the government for
a reward, granted under laws exist
ing at that time, whereby any one dis
covering minerals or metals that
would enrich the government were en
titled to remuneration.
The original claim, according to the
Kill Big Hawk Swooping
Down on School Children
Saranac Lake, N s Y.—Attack
ing a motorcar fall of little
school children near here, a huge
hawk, long hunted by farmers
and campers in the Wadhams
section of the Adiroudncks, was
killed by the driver.
Edward In Constantinople. The other
brother, Ardashes, In Chicago, was
communicated with and through the
Chicago headquarters of the Near
East relief this brother and his wife
sent money for the transportation of
ex-slave to the “land of the free.**
The youth plans to work to get enough
money to bring ids fourteen-year-old
sister, who is In an orphuuuge In Cy
prus, to this country.
BLIND, PLUNGES INTO CREEK
Was Rescued and Sold Papers Again
as Usual in Bpite of Bruises.
Denver, Colo.—C. H. Browning, fifty*
five years old, a blind man who sella
newspapers, narrowly escaped death
when he plunged into Cheery creek
from the bridge at Walnut street.
Patrolman O’Connor saw Browning
fall and started for the spot on the
run. He shouted for help and three
firemen from Truck Company No. 1 at
the City Hall carried Browning out of
An hour after he fell, Browning, In
a dry suit of clothes, was at his comer
selling papers In spite of the bruises
and abrasions incurred In the uccldent.
heirs, was for SIOO,OOO, which finally
was recognized by the government in
1865, but never paid. Later the ex
plorer returned to bis home In New
York to obtain funds for development
of his discovery and to make further
explorations in South American coun
Other clnims were filed under each
administration from the time of Presi
dent Hayes, and In ench Instance the
Peruvian government acknowledged
its indebtedness, but postponed settle
ment, it is snid.
It is set forth that the Peruvian
government has netted millions in rev
enue from the development of nitrate
deposits, borrowing money from Great
Britain to carry on the work.
Upon the death of the explorer, John
Celestine Landreau was named execu
tor and sole heir of all right and title
in the claims against the Peruviau
government. Shortly before his death
on March 4 the State department an
nounced that an agreement had been
reached with the Peruvian government
whereby the claims would be paid the
heirs of the explorer.
Mrs. Marie Dycer, daughter of John
Celestine Landreau, is the sole heir
to the interests and estate of her un
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