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Newspaper for Southern People FORTY-FIRST YEAR.—NO. 175. CHICAGO RACE RIOT UNDER CONTROL HUGHESTAKES HAND IN PEACE PACT DISPUTE WITH LETTERS Would Let League Cove nant Stay, With Reservations CALLS ARTICLE X TROUBLE BREEDER Sets Forth Four Reser vations He Would Suggest WASHINGTON July 28—(By As sociated Press) —Charles E. Hughes republican candidate in the last pres idential election has drawn up a res olution which he offers for adoption by the United States senate consent ing to the inclusion of the League of Nations covenant in the peace treaty but suggesting four reservations to prevent “sacrificing the essential in terests of the United States.” This became known today when correspondence between Mr. Hughes and Senator Frederick Hale, repub lican, of Maine, dealing with ratifi catin of the treaty, was mad e pub lic. While finding ambiguities in Arti cles 1 and XV, dealing respectively with withdrawal from the League and questions of a purely domestic nature, Mr. Hughes takes chief ex ception of Articles XXI and X. which concern the Monroe Doctrine and li ability of the United States to pro vide armed forces to protect other members of the league. The “descriptive phrase” employed in connection with the Monroe Doc trine is said by Mr. Hughes to be “inaccurate,” while Article X is branded by him as a “trouble breed er” which if not eliminated should be thoroughly interpreted. Any “res ervations” Mr. Hughes added, should be incorporated in “the instrument of ratification, to make it valid, but the fact that such reservations are made should not lead to + he assump tion that the treaty would fail or the peace conference would have to resum e operations. Summarized Mr. Hughes four re servations are: First, that on giving notice of its intention to withdraw from the league a power shall cease to be a member or subject to the obligations of the covenant at the time specified in the notice, but that such withdraw al shall not release that power from debt or liability thereto incurred. Second, that questions such as im migration or import duties which are solely within domestic jurisdiction, shall not be submitted for consider ation or action by the league. Third, that the United States shall not relinquish its traditional attitude toward purely American questions, which shall not be subject to juris diction of the league, leaving this country free to oppose acquisition by any non-American country or terri tory in the western hemisphere. Fourth, that under Article X, the United States shall assume no obli gation to undertake any military ex pedition or employ its armed forces on land or sea unless such action is authorized by congress, 18,000 ARMY OFFICERS AUTHORIZED BY SENATE WASHINGTON July 28—(By As -ociated Press) —Without a record ■ ote the senate today passed and feent to th e house the administration bdl authorizing an increase from 9,- 500 to 18,000 in number the com missioned officers to be retained in the army this year. COTTON market. J LOCAL SPOTS Good middling 33 1-4 cents. NEW YORK FUTURES Prev. ( lose Open High Low Close rt 34.85 34.75 34.94 34.38 34.63 T« et " 35,02 35 - 00 35.10 34.55 34.85 n ' 34.95 34.95 35.04 34.45 34.71 C <n Eliza Save The Child? By Morris WEEVIL POISON ROUTS PEST ON HILL TEST ACRE Advocates of the use of calcium arsenate in combatting boll weevil who have been watching various tests going on in this county have had their iaith in its efficiency greatly strengthened by the experience of W. J. Hill, of Cobb, who besides being postmaster is a planter of consider able proportions. A few weeks ago Mr. Hill set apart an area of 1 1-4 acres in a cotton field which he undertook to treat with calcium arsenate accord ing to directions of government ex perimenters. He has made four ap plications, and reports to George 0. Marshall, county farm agent, that, whereas the acre and a quarter un der treatment is practically free from weevils, the remainder of the field is badly infested. Much of the cotton which has not been treated for boll weevil-—and that is most of the cotton—is report ed from various parts of Sumter county to be suffering badly, the number of weevils having geratlj* increased during the recent prolong ed wet period. In many fields the ground is well covered with squares which the plants have shed, practi cally all of which, on examination, are shown to contain weevil larvae. A number of fields which obtained early starts, however, are showing less evil results from weevils and observers says that, despite the ravages of the insect, at least half a crop of cotton will be made here this fall. WRITE-UP NOT ENDORSED BY COMMERCE CHAMBER Th e following statement is pub lished at the request of Joseph Per kins, secretary of the chamber of commerce: “The impression seem, to prevail in the minds of a few of the busi ness men of Americus h-,t the chamber of commerce endorsed re cent industrial write-ups of Americus appearing in out-of-town pa >ers In order to correct tills imnrorsiun I wish to state mist emphatically that th e chamber of commerce not my of its officials so far as I know have ever endorsed those industrial write ups. I have been approached on nu- ERIC THE TIMESzRECORDER jfefl PUBLISHED IN THE HEART OF DIXIE merous occasions by representatives ■ of newspapers published tr. other cit- i les with request that the chamber of I commerce lend its suppor ’< such ;u’ dertakings, but in every case the I re vest has been refused. I “The chamber of commerce, through its executive staff, will al ways undertake io investigate thor io.ughly the merits of all advertising ; ;ch?rres and appeals for contrbutions which may be brought to its utten t;on, and if worthy the sohciiots w.li 'be provided with written endorse ment.” RANSOMS SON; CARRANZA WILL i REFUND AMOUNT WASHINGTON July 28—(By As i sociated Press) —-Acting upon the advice of the Mexican government, John West Thompson an American ranchman, has paid the 1,500 pesos ransom demanded by Mexican ban dits for the release of his 14 year ■ old son, the state department is ad vised. The Mexican government has agreed to refund the money. | POLICEMAN REDMOND TO RETURN TO OLD POSITION Policeman.J. J Redmond, who lias been in the employ of the city for the last sixteen pronths, has resigned effective August 1, on whicn date h will return to Byromville and resume his old job there as the police de partment, a position wh’ch he held for five years prior to coming to Americus. Mr. Redmond, who is receiving S9O p 1 r month here, was offered S7OO in addition to fees worth $25 per month to come back to Byromville, | it was said. He owns a home there, ; which he will occupy. WILSON WILL VISIT GEORGIA, ‘IF POSSIBLE’ WASHINGTON July 28—(By As sociated Press) —Among the dozen I senators and representatives who had . engagements with President Wilson today was Representative Upshaw, j of Georgia, who asked the president to include Atlanta in the itinerary . lof his coming trip. The president ' I promised to visit Atlanta if possible. AMERICUS, GEORGIA, MONDAY AFTERNOON, JULY 28, 1919. GERMANS MAKE AMERICAN LOAN OF $100,000,000 LONDON, July 28 —(By Associa ted Press) —An American loan of SIOO,OOO, 00 has been obtained by iJla;.... ''lordegg, representing the Deutsche Rank, of Berlin, according 'to an Exchange .telegraph dispatch | from Le.lin. It was said 10 per cent of the loan would be deposited in foreign bonds | to the German bank’s credit. ELLAVILLE JUDGE HEARS TWO GUILTY PLEAS HERE In the absence of Judge W. M. Harper, of the Americus City court, Judge E. J. Hart, of the Ellaville 1 City court, came to Americus this . morning and presided long enough to receive pleas of guilty from two ne gro miscreants and pass sentence. Willie Lee Leonard admitted tak ing a small quantity of candy from 1 a freight shipment at the Central of I Georgia station and his attorney, Gor don Howell, succeeded in getting him off with a fine of S4O, including costs, j Verdell Hicks, better known as j “Bad Eye,” received a fine of $75 or 112 months on the chain gang on a ■ plea of guilty of cheating and swindl ’g. He had been empio/ad by E. C. Parker and had received an advance of $60.20 from Mr. Parker, and forth- ' with found another place of employ ment, whereupon Mr. Parker took out i warrant. He decided he would ; take the chaingang sentence, he being ; acquainted with the gang from a ! previous experience. AUSTRIANS PROTESTING FINANCIAL CLAUSES VIENNA, July 25—(Friday)— (By Associated Press) —The finan > ciai clause of the peace terms offer ed Austria by the Allies are being (strongly protested, both by news papers and financial circles. I WEATHE r J For Georgia.—Fair tonight and Tuesday. TWO FACTORIES WANT TO COME; WORKMEN MUST. HAVEHOUSES City Leaders Called To Discuss Meeting Sit uation Here PROBLEMMUST BE SOLVED NOW Money Available For In dividual Home Build ing, Says Lanier An important meeting of the com missioners of the chamber of com merce, and all business men cf the city interested, was today called for 4:30 o’clock Tuesday afternoon to consider the following questions: 1- housing problem in Am ericus. 2 The attitude of the business men toward two manufacturing en terprises which wish to locate in Am ericus, but cannot do so until the housing problem has been disposed of satisfactorily. It was stated today by Secretary Perkins, of the chamber of commefc e that the two manufacturing enter prises were a box and crate factory and a potato flour mill. The former will employ between 50 and 75 per sons. The latter will employ a num ber of workmen, estimate not given. Both have been in correspondence with Secretary Perkins and now must have information as to housing nec essary labor, which makes their lo cation here dependent entirely, as a first consideration, upon that import ant problem. It was said by Mr. Per kins that the potato flour mill is to be one of a chain of such mills to be located through the south by a large eastern concern. The owners were referred to Americus by Con gressman Crisp, who came in touch with the needs of the concern through a hearing before a congres sional committee in Washington. That a solution for the acute housing problem here will be found, was the opinion somewhat confident ly in business circles today. Business men are coming to the view that I prices of material and labor are not I coming down, and that no good can be accomplished by waiting any long- I er. Men who have money are now i ready to invest, it appeared, under ? certain conditions. Frank Lanier, one of Southeast Georgia’s foremost business men, said: “I do not look for the price of labor or material to drop; in fact, it seems to b e going the other way. I can see no good in waiting for a I readjust ment, for it isn’t coining, i in my opinion. We have reached a | new era, and are just beginning to realize it. No foreign labor is com- I ing into this country. Immigration I has stopped and emigration set in. Th e price of labor is not going down, for there is demand for every hit of j available labor, and will conti lue to be. “As for home building, I will say this: Any responsible man, who has a job and an income, and who has a ■ lot or a little money to put into a ■ home, can get the money to build him a home right now. I will guar- | antee that he will have no trouble in getting it, at the ordinary rate of ; interest, with the privilege of repay- I ing it on monthly payments as he ’ earns. A man who owns his own j home is a better citizen and an asset to the community in which he lives, j and I believe it is a good investment , to help that kind of people.” DENIES LEAGUE WILL HURT IRISH FREEDOM WASHINGTON July 28— sociated Press) —Denial that article ! 10 of the League of Nations cove- ! nant would handicap the cause of the Irish freedom wag made in th e Sen- j ate by Senator Walsh of Minnesota in a speech today. | FIVE YANKEE DRUMMERS GO j INTOHUNLAND ) c ’ 2’--(Sunday) ) —(By Associated Press) — s J The American headquarters yes- ( < terday gave permission for five ? < American commercial travelers $ s to proceed through the Coblenz ) ) bridgehead on business in the in- ? ) terior of Germany. < RELIEF FOR AIR SERVICE LIKELY, SAY MESSAGES That the future of the Air Service looks brighter is the confidential in formation which has been received from Washington by officers at Sou- I ther Field. It is understood that this information indicates that prospects are good for separation of the ser vice from the War Department, with its own cabinet officer, as has been advocated by Assistant Secretary of War Crowell, who recently returned from Europe, where he had extensive studies of European programs. Letters were received by the Cham ber of Commerce today from Senator Harris and Congressman Crisp at Washington, acknowledging messages urging their assistance in rescuing the Air Service from the strangling applied by the Republicans of the house in the annual appropriation bill, and both of these officials ex pressed the belief that some relief would be given the service eventually by congress. Senator Harris, how ever, said he hardly looked for any | thing in this line before the session i beginning in December. Following j are copies of their letters: Senator Harria* Letter “Mr. Joseph Perkins, Secretary Cham ber of Commerce, Americus, Ga. My Dear Mr. Perkins: “I have just received your tele gram with reference to the Air Ser- I vice and I assure you that it is a mat ter of great interest to me. “The Air Service was created dur ! ing the war by separating it from i the Signal Corps under the authority I given the President by the Overman act. That act becomes inoperative a short trme after the declaration of peace, and under the present status the Air Service will revert to the Sig nal Corps. “In the hurry of a few weeks be fore the Army Appropriation bill for , the fiscal year which we entered upon | on July Ist, 1919, it was impossible to do anything with the matter. “Legislation is pending looking to wards the future organization of the army, and I feel that the Air Service ( will yet be given its full recognition, i “This being an extra session of Congress with the Peace Treaty oc- , cupying the center of interest in the | Senate, and a possibility that the Hottie may take a recess. I hardly think legislation will be enacted be fore the regular session beginning in December. “I want to assure you of my great interest, for I know the future of the Air Service means much to Georgia ' and particularly to your section with Souther Field as a magnificent asset. “Please command me when I can serve you, and with high esteem ,1 am. Very sincerely yours, “WM. J. HARRIS.” Judge Crisp’s Reply. “Chamber of Commerce, Americus, Ga. Gentlemen: “Your relative to ap propriations for the Air Service re ceived. “The republicans refused to ap propriate the money the government asked for this branch of the ser vice. I think they made a mistake and I voted against their appropria tion. I voted to give this arm of the service all the money it needed. “I believe this service is in its in fancy, and if wej unfortunately, have wars in the future, they will largely be won or lost as the nation is efficient in the air. “I expect to support, wherever I am, anything that tends to the ad vancement of this service, and of course money is the first essential. “I hope we may be able to at la ter date to get increased appropria tion for this Bureau. Yours sincere ly CHAS. R. CRISP.” HOME EDITION PRICE FIVE CENTS. TWO NEGROES DEAD; 50 MORE OF BOTH RACES ARE INJURED Clash Starts With The Drowning of Black At Beach INVADED PLACE USED BY WHITES Policeman Roughly Han dled By Black, Fires Into Crowd CHICAGO, July 28—(By Associa ted Press) —The situation in the “black belt” of Chicago, where race rioting late yesterday resulted in the ( death of two negroes and the injury . of perhaps fifty or more whites and blacks, including four patrolmen, was under control of the police early to day. Accounts of the beginning of the trouble are uncertain but the version accepted by the police today is that the fighting started at the Twenty ninth street bathing beach where the ’ whites and negroes are accustomed to ' swim in Lake Michigan although the ’ two races are separated by an imag inary line. 1 This version of the affair says that J a negro boy on a raft crossed the boundary line and that white boys threw stones knocking the negro into the water. He was drowned. A gen eral fight developed between the races and riot calls brought hundreds ’ of polic e into the negro district, the center of which is around I’hirty first and State sereets, more than a mile from the beach. Wanted Boy Arrested. Negroes asked the police to arrest a white boy and when they refused the negroes began to beat the white lad. Negro bathers from another beach at Twenty-fith street attracted by the fighting, came in to force to the rescue and soon stones and clubs were hurled in all directions, many I people both white and black being injured by the missiles. After the fighting near the beach had been quelled trouble broke out. further west, near the center of the negro district. John O’Brien, a po liceman, was attacked by a mob at Twenty-ninth and State streets after he had tried to rescue a fellow police man from a crowd of negroes. Sev eral shots were fired in his direction and he was struck in the arm. He drew his revolver and fired into the ; crowd, three negro men being hit, , one of whom died later in a hospital. Many Shots During Night. The policemen who were injured, with the exception of O’Brien, who was hit in the arm by a bullet, suf fered only bruises from stones and clubs. The two negro men who were shot at Twenty-ninth street, where one was killed, are said to be seriously though not fatally wounded. Many stray shots were heard dur ing the night and the police answered two riot calls early today but their services were not required in either instance. , It is estimated that there are close to 150,000 negroes in Chicago, nearly 50,000 of whom were drawn here du ring the last three oj four years by the attractive wages in shops and factories engaged in manufacturing war materials. Virtually all of the negroes live on the south side of the city and many have acquired prop erty in desirable neighborhoods oc cupied by the whites. This has led to many minor clashes between the races and in a number of instances in recent months bombs have been exploded in buildings occupied by negroes. HOUSE TO QUIT WHILE SENATE TALKS TREATY WASHINGTON July 28—(By As sociated Press)—Without a record vote the house today adonted a reso lution for a recess from August 2 to September 9. During this time the senate is expected to be contin uously at work on the peace treaty.