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THE DAWSON NEWS.
By E. L. RAINEY. MONKFY, LAUGH hIAKE A,— lﬂl‘p !uper Atlanta’s & Prohibition Advice to Savannah Is Amusing. [AW IS FLAGRANTLY VIOLATED jn Shade of the Capitol Beer Is Openly Sold in Atlanta’s Old Bar rooms. Brings Forcibly to Mind the Old Saw About Sweeping Be sore Ones Own Door. The Stran scr in Town Is Provided For, Too. ATLANTA, Ga.—The way some eople in Atlanta are lashing them eives into righteous rage over re sorted conditions anent the prohibi iion situation in Savannah is enough to make the proverbial brass monkey g 0 into laughing convulsions. The old saw about sweeping before the doors of home before making excur sions to other places where the proom may be needed is hardly ap plicable to the situation; for condi tions in Savannah are treated under the vague designation ‘reported’” while the trash around Atlanta’s door is well-known. Big a Joke as Savannah’s. 1t is believed that a fairly honest effort has been made to enforce pro hibition in the capital city of the state, but the situation is almost as hig a joke as it is ‘‘reported” to be in Savannah. While the Gal in the Fountain no longer looks down upon the refreshing mint julep and you can get nothing more stimulating than buttermilk in the Kimball House bhar the man who cannot sat isfy a desire to ‘‘tank up” here at any time must be a pretty slow in dividual indeed. There are no places where you may walk up to a bar and order a cocktail or a whisky sour, excepting, possibly, some of the clubs, but as for opportunity to gaig¢ possession of the ingredients, or re liable and satisfying substitutes therefor, there are a plenty. Even the most particular in the matter of drinking may find surcease for the demands of the most refined palate if he possesses friends of average in fluence and acquaintance. Sold Under Shadow of Capitol. There are several scores of places right under the shadow of the state capitol where one may walk up to a counter and call for Blue Ribbon, Budweiser, Peel, Schlitz, and most any other brand of malt liquor and be served without question or hesi tation. The man behind the bar will not even pretend that the liquid he served you is a substitute for or im itation of these well known brands of refreshments; but on the contrary it you avow the least suspicion he will take offense, and if you insist, perhaps, place before your gaze con vincing specimen with the label un detached. The only way in which the well-known beers differ, so far as the best cultivated tastes can de termine, is in that they are served minus the usual label, precaution be ing taken to wash that appurtenance from the bottle before the article is made a matter of public sale. Near Beer Now Is Funny. These places are in operation un der at least the partial license of the city and the state governments. As for selling substitutes for beer or near beer, such an intimation would be a joke. Beers reputed to contain more than 5 per cent. of alcohol are sold; and in fact one of the popular brands does its work of intoxication so well and so rapidly that it has earned the title of ‘‘near whisky.” Competition is so rife that one firm sends to New York for its goods in order to get a brand of suitable ap pealing strength. Inducements for the Drinker. Comfortable seats and tables are supplied for the customers who may desire to linger, a feature not per missible under the old system. There are screens, when in the old days there were none. There are lunches served free, to enhance the attractions, a feature abolished in the old days. There is the same old counter, the same old mirror, the same old pictures, and the same old ¢verything, excepting spirituous liq uors, even to the proprietor and the White-aproned bartender as in the old days. And all are in the same old places, almost without exceptions, formerly used. Breweries Break Record. Despite Atlanta’s position as the moral preceptor of the state the breweries, local and foreign, are do- THE SENATE WANTS TO KNOW OF ROOSEVELT HOW HE SPENT MONEY WASHINGTON.—Without debate and without reference to committee, the senate passed a resolution pre sented by Senator Foraker calling on the secretary of the treasury for an itemized statement of the expendi ture of the $300,000 approved by the act of March 1, 1899, to be ex pended at the direction of the presi dent as an emergency fund. This is the fund out of which de ing more than in the last year of the lbarroom days. ior‘%ﬁers that would intoxicate an ox oo Lourg openly as in Berlin, but” TH ™ ie*s & ter of whiskey some little tribute of hypocrisy is paid to the law, However, it can be had at most any time and in most any quan tity. Within a few minutes’ walk of police headquarters are three blind tigers where various brands of whiskey, ranging from ‘‘Lewis 66" downwards, may be secured in bot tled form by most any one not an officer. Two of these places have been in operation virtually since the present law went into effect. There are numerous others in various sec tions of the city. The Stranger in Town Fixed. A stranger comes to town. An ac quaintance gives him a card to a club, where he finds everything carte blanc. Conventions meet here and delegates are given “open house’” at one or more of the clubs, and it may be taken as a fact, written down in no spirit of eriticism, that none goes thirsty because of inability to ob tain refreshments. ' “STATE-WIDERS” TAKE TENN. i By a Vote of 62 to 36 the Legislature Passed “Dry” Bill. ' The bill to prohibit the sale of intoxicating liquor in Tennessee has‘ passed the lower house of the gen eral assembly. Fifty votes is a ma jority. Twenty-two republicans voted for and one against the measure. The senate had previously passed the bill by a big majority. | The bill provides that prohibition shall become effective July 1, 1909. The battle attending the passage of the bill was probably the fiercest ever known in the Tennessee house of representativs. The local option or administration forces contested every inch of the ground. Amend ment after amendment was present ed, and promptly voted down by about the same majority as that given the bill on final passage. A great outpour of oratory came from bhoth sides. . HUDSON WAS FINED $l,OOO. Judge Crisp Put a Heavy Fine on an Americus “Tiger.” One thousand dollars, together with costs, was the maximum penalty imposed by Judge Crisp of the city court of Americus upon a plea of guilty of violation of the prohibition law. Affidavits of physicians and citi zens relative to the impaired health of the defendant, W. B. Hudson, alone prevented an altogether differ ent sentence, opinion being that im prisonment might be attended with serious consequences. Judge Crisp announced that upon another conviction such plea would be unavailing and imprisonment would be imposed. The fine was paid. WOMAN AND SERPENT. Modern Fashion Seems to Have Reconciled Them. Has the world-old enmity between woman and the serpent been buried, and has woman taken her ancient foe to her bosom as model, pet and adornment? Has she discovered that there are many qualities in the crawl ing creature worth emulating be sides its wisdom, and is she pressing them into service? The craze for long, clinging gar ments so tight that a wiggle has to be substituted for a walk, has scarce ly reached its height for all the fashion magazines predict that gowns are to become even more tight and figures more serpentine. From Paris comes the news that snakes and liz ards, harmless but alive, are the mod ish pets of the hour. This is not a whim of that gay world of ac tresses and professional beauties who seize any means to attract attention, but it is said that in many a fash ionable boudoir of the most ex clusive precincts of aristocracy and wealtk there is a glass box contain ing ‘“Lizette” and ‘‘Nanon,” instead of the satin dog basket that has held the place of honor for so many years. In a recent Paris letter it is re lated that the beautiful Duchess d'Uzes, one of the smartest of the old regime, has two fine specimens of native snakes that were sent her from Africa. Mrs. Harry Lehr fol lows the fashion to the extent of wearing a curiously enamelled snake bracelet that seems almost alive. The very newest importations and creations in the exclusive shops in clude many specimens of the snake tribe utilized as necklaces, brace lets, rings, purses, combs and even garters. tectives were paid $15,000 for their gservices in investigating the Browns ville affair. : i SPENT $14,000 ON GOOD ROADS. Lee county, according to the re port filed the first of the year, spent on roads and bridges last year slightly over $14,000. It is intended to improve the roads very fast an other year, as much of the work will be merely repair and surfacing. DAWSON, GA.,, WEDNESDAY, JANUARY 20, 1909. PITY POOR MILLIONAIRES! ONLY TEN OF THEM LEFT! And Six of the Ten Are Women. Why, Just Think, Thomas F. Ryan Has Only a Pittance of $lOO,- 000, According to His Tax Returns. NEW YORK.—Only ten million aires are left in New York ctiy, ac cording to tentative personal assess ments on the tax books for 1909, and one of these is a new name. While the number of men in the millionaire class is decreasing year after year the number of women is increasing steadily, and this year contains six names. The ten millionaires are: An drew Carnegie, $5,000,000; William K. Vanderbilt, $1,000,000; John D. Rockefeller, $2,500,000; Clifferd V. QUEER DIVORGE REASONS ONE WOMAN'S HUSBAND WOULD NOT TALK; ANOTHER’S MADE A NOISE EATING SOUP. While Georgia is beginning to go some as a divorce center there has never yet been an allegation to the fact that one or the other party failed to talk enough. Generally it is the very opposite, and too much gab of an unpleasant nature is re corded in the bill of pleadings for & separation hereabouts. San Francisco, however, comes forward with a peculiar case in which silence is assigned as the reason for a separation. The mother of Fan chon Lewis was the appellant in this case, and the divorce was granted on the following plea: | “I would have suffered his abuse without a word of complaint; I would have listened to his insulting accu sations without a sigh of protest; I would have ignored all the other in dignities, even to the point of let ting him beat me if he only would have opened his mouth to say some thing. ‘‘Silence is terrible. For weeks at a stretch he would say nothing. He would sit for hours in the room with us, sulking and speechless. He would come and go..without a word of greeting, without even a look of recognition. And it was more than I or any other woman could endure.” It seems that the good woman’s husband refused to speak to her for some act she committed that he did not like. Just why the lady went weeks and weeks without conversa tion when she could easily have dis cussed the demerits of one neighbor with another we cannot understand. She could have joined any woman’s club and thereby secured so much talk that her husband’s speech would never have been missed. For fear that future women might be placed in the same inconsolable condition it might be just as weil, while hubby is beaming, to have his voice canned and then she could sub mit to his silence in merry contempt of his gloomy mood. On the same day that this ’Frisco union was destroyed a Mrs. Leider of St. Louis also asked for and se cured a divorce on novel grounds. At Wesleyan College she had learned all of the niceties of table manners, and to put a proper value upon the use of the fork, the spoon and the knife. In her pitiful tale of woe she recites that ‘‘consequently the sight of a person eating with a knife or the sound of soup gurgling into the mouth, or the blowing of one's nose at the meals or the im bibing of liquids or semi-liquids by the power of suction are sources of excruciating pain and annoyance to her.” Her husband, she stated in her petition, *‘bends over his soup plate with his head until his beard almost dips into the soup and from the time of lifting the first spoonful to his lips until the last drop is drained makes a noise akin to that of a saw i)’ WILL: TAKE FOUR YEARS. Debris of the Ruined City of Messina Cannot Be Cleared in Less Time, A Rome dispatch says the bom bardment of the ruins of Messina are being delayed so that no living person will meet death from the ar tillery fire. The Italian senate has decided that it will take four years to clear away the debris at Messina. The soldiers are suffering great privations at Reggio and Messina, and are saving the chicken bones to prevent starvation. It is now definitely ascertained that the city of Messina shall be re built, although a new site may be chosen. Military permits are needed now to walk through the ruins of the de vastated cities, and a strict guard is maintained to prevent looting. Intermittent earthquake shocks continue to alarm the people in the danger zone, and many prefer camp ing in the fields to risking death in their homes. Brokaw, $1,500,000; Mrs. Russell Sage, $5,000,000; Lilla Gilbert, $l,- 500,000; Alice G. Vanderbilt, $l,- 000,000; Countess Szechenyi, $l,- 000,000; Ida A. Flagler, $2,000,000. Total, $22,000,000. Practically all of the names of men of wealth in the financial, pro tessional and business circles have been eliminated for one cause and another. Thomas F. Ryan, head of the Metropolitan, is down at $lOO,- 000. William W. Astor is down for but $5,000. MR. TAFT WILL HAVE TO FACE QUESTION OF NEGROES IN OFFICE IN SOUTH. WASHINGTON, D. C.—Not any southern enemy or mischief maker in particular, but just ‘“‘the Fates” have fixed it so that about the first thing Judge Taft will have before him after he becomes president is the opportunity of showing whether or not he will insist on the appoint ment of negroes to responsible offices in the south over the protests of the people who have to do business with them. He is going to have the ques tion put to him right straight and in such a way that there will be but two answers, ‘‘yes’” or ‘“no.” The question will come up the day he becomes president in determining what is to be done with the postmas tership at Florence, S. C. Joshua Wilson, a negro, is the present post master, holding office by appointment of President Roosevelt, who appoint ed him five years ago over the earn est and united protest of the people of Florence who were chieﬂy~ con cerned and affected. Wilson’s term expired last January, when President Roosevelt, over another and a louder protest, re-appointed him. The sen ate did not confirm the appointment, however. Wilson served on under a recess appointment and is serving vet. This week the president again sent his name to the senate. The senate is not going to confirm him during the administration of Presi dent Roosevelt, and when Judge Taft becomes president a strong effort will be made to have a white man appointed. Wilson is a perfectly harmless and inoffensive negro. He is a retired preacher, an old man, having the only omne necessary qualification for the office, that of being black. Judge Taft will, therefore, have to decide the question of whether color is to outweigh all other considerations in making s uthern appointments. THREE WANT IT. A Warm Fight Is on for the Cuth bert Postmastership. The Leader says the postoffice sit uation in Cuthbert is becoming more complicated and interesting. Mrs. A. B. Bussey, who has filled the position of postmistress for sev eral years very efficiently, is an ap plicant for re-appointment. Mr. Chas. Taunton, formerly chief of police and a prominent citizen, wants the office. He is a recent re publican convert. The latest entry is Mr. H. J. Knowles, a life-long republican. He moved to this county from the north west eleven or twelve years ago, and has been engaged in farming, fruit raising and dairying. He has been in Washington, and is said to have the backing of the congressmen and senators from his former state. Mrs. Bussey's term will expire on February Ist, and the matter will probably be decided very soon. “A FAITHFUL OFFICER.” : Says Anti-Saloon Organ of Mayor Dick Marlin. Under the above caption the Geor gia Issue, the organ of the state anti saloon league, said in its last issue: ‘“‘Hon. R. R. Marlin, Dawson’s new ly installed mayor, proposes to show no quarter to persons connected with the illegal handling or selling of in toxicating liquors in that city, as was evidenced by his decisions in several recent cases which were heard and determined im the mayor’'s court.” SHOULD BE PRESERVED. Science Throws a New Light on Swamp Lands. Swamp science is more profound than is popularly supposed. There is a widespread idea that swamps, pure ly as such, are disease breeding. But this the swamp experts pronounce to be simply prejudice. They state that no non-alluvial swamp can be ob jected to on hygienic grounds. The Dismal swamp is said to be free from malaria. Even the dark water of such swamps is drinkable and credited with special virtues by some authorities. Now that it is con ceded that malaria is spread by mos quitoes even the muddy coastal swamps, always reputed ‘‘malaria,” have been robbed of most of their terrors. Most swamps, Dr. Roland Harper thinks, should be preserved, because they are so well adapted to for estation, because they protect the sources of streams, because they are refuges for wild game and rare plants and, lastly, for their beauty. It has been stated that there is no evidence in literature that the beauty of nat ural scenery, even of mountains, was fully appreciated anywhere up to a century or two ago. Even yet few people can see beauty in a swamp, and many regard them with aversion, but they will probably be appreciated more hereafter than they are now. Nature undefiled is said always to be beautiful. And swamps become repulsive to the na ture lover only when they are partly drained or contaminated with rub bish or sewage. UNCLE JOE CAUSED A STIR. His Remark Had Members Searching the Scriptures. The house of representatives at Washington received something of a shock the other day. Towards the end of the day’s sitting Minority Leader Williams made some objec tion to the Speaker’s interpretation of the rules. “So far as the chair is concerned,’” said Speaker Cannon, “the rules are like the grace of God.” Instantly there was a buzzing in the chamber. What did the Speaker mean? What was the grace of God like? The members asked each oth er the question, but none could an swer satisfactorily. They all knew that the idea was a religious one, and suspected that Mr. Cannon must have got it out of the Bible. Pages were sent scurrying to the library for copies of the Bible, and members de voted themselves for a time to a search for the reason why the rules were like the grace of God. Finally one particularly bright member de cided that it was because divine grace and the rules covered all men alike, And so they let it go at that. CAR CONTAINED CELESTIALS. It Was Supposed to Be Loaded With a Consignment of Furniture. Six Chinamen, smuggled in a Tex as and Pacific railway freight car, were arrested at Fort Worth, Texas, soon after a train arrived from El Paso. The car was supposed to con tain furniture. J. C. Anderson, the consignee, was placed in custody, charged with smuggling. The orient als came from China through Mexi co to Kl Paso, and were en route to eastern states. A $lO,OOO SWAN DINNER. Most Gorgeous Entertainment in New York’s History. The appointment of Count John Bernstoff as German ambassador 'to this country recalls the famous swan dinner which was given in a New York restaurant in the early 'Bos by the late Mr. Luckemeyer, his father in-law. The gentleman was a wealthy importer, and he received from the United States government the sum of $lO,OOO as a refund of excessive auties exacted from him on importations. He dedicated this sum to a gastronomic monument, and never in the history of New York restaurants has such a gorgeous en tertainment for a limited number of guests been rivalled. Seventy-two friends were asked. There was one table covered with flowers, excepting a space in the center, left for a lake, and a border around the table for the plates. This lake was an oval pond, 30 feet in length by nearly the width of the table, enclosed by a delicate golden wire network reaching from table to ceiling, making the whole one grand cage. In the lake swam four swans, brought from Central Park, surrounded by high banks of flowers, which prevented them from splashing the water on the table. Golden cages with canaries were hung from the ceiling, and the entire room was one mass of flowers. It was a dinner at which all the most fashionable women of that day were present. The menu was done in gold and was long and elaborate, after the fashion of that period. The hors d'oeuvre was timable a la Conde, and there were two soups, a releve, three entrees, a sorbet, truffled chick ens and saddle of mutton for the roasts, two vegetables, a number of sweets and ices. THE NUMBER OF LYNCHINGS WAS MORE THAN DOUBLED LAST YEAR Notwithstanding the fact that law and order leagues have become num erous throughout the south, even in smaller cities, law and order appears to have gotten a setback in 1908, there being 100 lynchings during the past year as against 51 in the previ ous year; 66 in 1905, and 87 in 1904. In 1903 there wer 104. The num ber had been decreased simce 1903 until the year 1908 came in. VOL. 27--NO .17 Secretary Wilson Expects Every Vine to Do Its Full Duty. O ——eennet) In Checking the Tendency Toward Suicide in This Important Tuber. Two Hundred and Seventy-Five Million Bushles Not Near Enough to Satisfy the American Appetite. WASHINGTON, D. C.—Secretary of Agriculture Wilson expects every American potato vine to do its full duty. Furthermore he proposes te do all in his power to check the ten dency towards suicide which is de veloping in this humble but most im portant tuber. Mr. Wilson has discovered that we now raise something like 275,000,- 000 bushels of potatoes, which is not nearly enough to satisfy the Ameri can appetite. It is therefore neces sary to depend In some measure on the pauper potatoes of Europe to make up the deficiency. It is this fact Mr. Wilson proposes to do. He plans to encourage farm ers and market gardeners in the east to pay more attention to potatoes, to improve their methods of potato raising. He wants them to use bet ter seed and to cultivate the land more carefully. Experts will take this matter up with market gardeners near the great centers of population and will instruct them. The govern ment will import better varieties for seed purposes from Kurope, and ex perts of the department of agricul ture are at work developing improv ed varieties. To some extent dis eases of potatoes are responsible for the decreasing yield. Efforts are be ing made to develop varieties that will resist disease more perfectly. Another difficulty is that most farm ers raise potatoes irregularly, plant ing heavy when the price is high, and thus flooding the market, and then planting but a few when the price declines. BACON TOUCHED UP TEDDY. Objects to Usurpation of Authority by the President. Senator Bacon introduced in the senate a resolution declaring that every public document in the files of any department of the government relating to any subject over which congress has control shall be sub ject to the inspection of members of the senate. Taking the floor to speak to his own resolution Mr. Bacon said that it was of especial importance be cause of the recent message of the president in which he stated he had directed the attorney-general to give information as to what he had done in the bringing of a suit against the United States Steel Corporation for its absorption of the Tennessee Coal and Iron Company. Complaining that the language of the president in his Steel Corporation message had not been distinguished by its extreme courtesy Mr. Bacon proceeded: “This is the first time that the de nial of the right of the senate has ever been made in such unlimited and emphatic language as that now employed by the president.” Roosevelt not Square, Says Hale. Senator Hale expressed the opin ion that the president had not taken a square ground upon the right of congress to direct the transmission of papers by the heads of depart ments. “I do not,” said Mr. Hale, “know that that right has been questioned, and I hope it never will be.” Mr. Bacon said that the president did not stop at questioning the sen ate’s reasons for its inquiries, but that he had said that the heads of executive departments were subject to the constitution, to the laws passed by congress and to the direction of the president of the United States, and to no other direction whatever. Broad as Language Can Make It. “That,” said Mr. Bacon, ‘“is as broad as human language can make . “Does the senator think from that language that the president has com mitted himself to the proposition that congress eannot call upon the head of a department for informa tion and for papers and documents in a department?’” inquired Sena tor Hale, who added: “I hope the president has not com mitted himself to that proposition.” Of the 100 lynchings last year 97 occurred in the south and 3 in the north. Georgia scored 16 of them, which fact is to be deplored. Seven whites were lynched in the country, and 93 negroes. GRACHFUL AND UNGRACEFUL. About the most graceful thing in the world is woman, and the most ungraceful thing is a bachelor hold ing a baby. s