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Title:
Trench and camp. [volume] : (Augusta, Ga.) 1917-1919
Alternative Titles:
  • Camp Hancock trench and camp
Place of publication:
Augusta, Ga.
Geographic coverage:
  • Augusta, Richmond, Georgia  |  View more titles from this: City County, State
Dates of publication:
1917-1919
Description:
  • Began with vol. 1, no. 1 (October 10 1917); ceased with vol. 2, no. 18 (February 5, 1919).
Frequency:
Weekly
Language:
  • English
Subjects:
  • Armed Forces--Military life.--fast--(OCoLC)fst01351813
  • Camp Hancock (Ga.)--Newspapers.
  • Georgia--Camp Hancock.--fast--(OCoLC)fst01296785
  • World War, 1914-1918--Newspapers.
Notes:
  • "Published under the auspices of National War Work Council of the Y.M.C.A of the United States."--Vol. 1, no. 1 (October 10 1917), page 4.
  • "Published with the co-operation of the Herald Publishing Co."--Vol. 1, no. 11 (December, 19, 1917), page 4.
  • Also issued on microfilm from Library of Congress Preservation Microfilming Program.
  • Presentation of edition statement varies.
  • Publisher appears also as: Herald Publishing Co.
  • Some issues also have special designations such as: Mother's Day number.
  • Vol. 1, no. 1 (October 10 1917) (online surrogate); title from PDF masthead (Georgia Historic Newspapers Archive, viewed February 2, 2021).
  • Vol. 2, no. 1 (February 5, 1919) (online surrogate) (Georgia Historic Newspapers Archive, viewed February 22, 2021).
LCCN:
sn 89053537
OCLC:
20585621
Holdings:
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Trench and Camp

The National War Work Council, established by the Young Men's Christian Association (YMCA), began printing the Trench and Camp newspaper in October 1917 to inform and entertain American military personnel during World War I. It circulated 32 editions weekly at military posts across the country in cooperation with nearby city newspapers. Produced out of the National War Work Council's central office in New York City, each issue contained four pages of national war news, governmental communications, and YMCA stories. The rest of each issue was produced locally and carried news related to the post served by the paper. Contributions from soldiers were encouraged and routinely printed in the pages of the Trench and Camp, including cartoons, poetry, and local interest pieces.

The Augusta Herald produced local content for the Camp Hancock edition of the Trench and Camp. Camp Hancock, located west of Augusta, Georgia, was constructed in late 1917 after the outbreak of World War I. The camp was used as a training center for the National Guard's 28th Division out of Pennsylvania. After the division deployed in May 1918, the camp became a machine gun training center. At its capacity, Camp Hancock accommodated over 35,000 troops, and the Trench and Camp distributed 10,000 issues for their entertainment, promising at least one issue per tent. The paper circulated to soldiers free of charge each Wednesday and prominently promoted events held at the camp and covered stories intended to boost morale on post.

The camp was infamously the site of Georgia's first outbreak of the Spanish flu in September 1918. In the weeks that followed, the Trench and Camp reported on measures intended to prevent further spread of the disease, including daily health inspections and the closure of buildings used for indoor gathering, including libraries and theaters. Despite the preventative steps taken, Camp Hancock reported over 7,000 cases and 500 hundred deaths in the months that followed. After the end of the war in late 1918, the paper began publishing stories on the transition back to civilian life. The final issue of the Camp Hancock edition of the Trench and Camp circulated on February 5, 1919, and the camp itself closed the following month.

Provided by: Digital Library of Georgia, a project of GALILEO located at the University of Georgia Libraries