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Trench and camp. [volume] (Augusta, Ga.) 1917-1919, October 24, 1917, Image 4

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CAMP HANCOCK, Augusta, Ga.
EDITION, 10,700
PROBYN, Editors.
Published gratis by THE HERALD
PUBLISHING CO., Augusta, Ga.
VOL. 2—-Oct. 24, 1917.—-No. 3
Application has been made for
TRENCH and CAMP for entry as
Mail Matter of the Second Class at
the Augusta, Ga., Postoffice.
This edition of Trench and Camp
is limited to 10,000 copies. An
effort will be made to place one or
more copies in every tent.
If parties are desirous of other
copies, application should be made
to the nearest Y. M. C. A. building,
where they wilhbe gladly furnished
as long as they last.
As the edition Is limited to 10,000
copies, please do not throw your
copy away, when you are through
with it. Pass it on to some other
News items, personals, programs,
meetings, announcements, etc.,
from all the units in the camp will
be welcomed by Trench and Camp
and printed as far as space per
mits. These communications can
be left with secretaries at any of
the Y. M. C. A. buildings and will
be turned over to the editors. All
copy should be turned in as early
- as possible. No copy can be hand
led later than Monday noon, pre
ceding date of issue. Trench and
Camp will be issued every Wed
nesday by
Publishers of the Camp Hancock
Edition of Trench and Camp.
Half the gossip of society would perish
if the books that are truly worth reading
were but read. —Dawson.
America never was very strong on
standing armies. But when it comes to
fighting armies—that’s something differ
ent again.
It would be well merited punishment
to pick out the coldest cells in the farth
est north penitentiary for convicted coal
Not a few congressmen are wondering
how the government machinery is run
ning so smoothly while they are off the
By Prof. I. L. Foster, Army Y. M. C. A.
One of the first things a foreigner
should do before starting for France
is to familiarize himself with French
coins and their values. It is absolute
ly essential to have sufficient money
in the coin of the country through
which you are to travel before you
make any purchases. It is a good idea
to get some money changed even before
leaving this country in order to take
advantage of the knowledge of the
language. If this is impossible, seek
a reliable bank, or money changer’s
office, immediately upon arrival
abroad. In addition to this, watch
carefully the money given in exchange
for the American money and ascer
tain for yourself the exactness of the
amount of French money given. You
cannot be too careful on this point.
The comparative value of French
money to American money is one to
five. That is you will get for your
money current in the United States
five times its value expressed in units
of French coinage. Otherwise if you
have $5 to exchange into French mon
etary units you will get 25 francs. Per
haps also you will receive a few cen
times more, according to the exchange
value of the foreign currency. The
French standard unit of money value
is a franc which is worth approxi
mately 20 cents in our money. At the
present time its value is around 18
cents. Each franc is divided into one
hundred parts called centimes each of
which is therefore wort twenty-one
hundredths of a cent, or about one
fifth of a cent. There is also another
coin even more common than the sen
time, which they call the sou and
which has the value of five cetimes, or
one cent. The principal French coins
are, therefore, franc, worth about *0.20;
sou, worth about SO.OI and sentime,
worth about SO,OOI-5. The ordinary ab
breviation for franc is fro, i. e., 4 for .50.
In reckoning money values remem
ber to multiply by five if you are
changing into French money and divide
by five if you are changing into our
own coinage. French money it writ
ten after the form of our money with a
period between francs and sentimes,
i. e., 3 frs, .25, or Frs. 3-25, the figures
after the period being centimes. Now,
suppose you should go into a French
restaurant and order a dinner, the bill
for which amounted to 4 frs. .25, you
would divide by five to get the value
in our money, and would find that the
meal had cost $0.85. On the other
hand,, if you should be in a store in a
French town and see the price 6 fra
.25 marked on a pair of gloves and
would like to know the equivalent value
in our coinage you would divide by
five and find the cost to be $1.25. Or,
if you wished to pay $2.50 for a hat
Page 4
in Paris, you would look for omßtnark
ed 12 fr. .50.
Gold, silver and copper are used ii
the making of French coins. In gol<
we find 10 frs, end 20 frs. ($2.00 an<
$4.00) ;pieces worth 5 fr. 40 fr. 50 fr, 8'
fr., 100 fr., are found, but are very rare
In silver are coins worth 50 centimes
1 fr., 2 fr., and 5 fr., (SO.IO, $0.20, $0.40
$1.00). In copper are coins worth I
centimes and 10 centimes (SO.OI ant
$0 02). There is one nickel piece ir
French money worth 25 centimes
($0.05), and coins in this metal fron
Germany, Switzerland, Belgium anc
Austria are in circulation in some parts
of France. It is well to refuse to ac
cept coins that are not French whil<
in France, as there are many which ar<
absolutely worthless. Silver coins
worth 50 centimes ($0.10) or more fron
Belgium, Switzerland and Greece, as
well as the 5 lire ($1.00) piece fron
Italy, are the only silver coins that arc
accepted at all on the market.
Paper money, or bank notes, is Ir
circulation in the denominations o!
Frs. 1,000, 500, 200, SIOO and 50 ($2Ol
SIOO, S4O, S2O, $10). These notes wbicl
are issued by the Bank of France, ars
not binding as legal tender and may b<
refused, but this is not often done.
person may insist on receiving goldoi
silver rather than paper if he desires
Although bank bills are njore conve
nient to Carry, the uncertainty of theii
circulation in all channels makes then
unpopular and they are seldom seer
except in large business deals. Foi
this reason travelers usually provide
themselves with travelers’ checks, let
ters of credit or express orders pay
able in all countries upon identifica
tion. This relieves them of the neces
sity of carrying large amounts of heavj
bullion with consequent possibility ol
loss through theft or insecure pockets
During the present financial crisis
paper money has become more common
than gold and it appears in denomina
tions as small as 5 frs. ($1.00). Cer
tain local Chambers of Commerce have
put out paper money in their region,
but it is valueless in other sections of
the country and should be carefully
Mel Trotter of Grand Rapids, Mich.,
and his famous Quartette of singers
is here. Everyone knows something
about this practical, sane minded
evangelist, and mission worker, but
whffl one comes into contact with his
wonderful personality, so sincere,
deep and appealingly enthusiastic, one
really begins to feel the import of
his message.
The quartette is excellent. Better
blended voices could not be found.
Their method of procedure is unique
and it gets the boys. Hymns are sung
at first. A few popular songs of the
day follow, and then. the stirring,
heart-felt hymns are used.
This has already stirred the audi
ence and prepared them for the ulti
mum of Mr. Trotter’s talk. His ex
perienced method of approach to the
soldiers, with his strong conviction
back of it, and so free from any over
wrought emotionalism is what appeals
to the men and makes them see the
reality of it all and long for the
Christian life.
Mr. Trotter’s method of aiding the
men to reach a decision is most suc
cessful. While the quartette is sing
ing the men who desire interviews
are asked to retire to a small roon,
and in the quiet, many make the de
So deeply moved are the men that
numbers of them follow Mr. Trotter
the next night to the meetings.
Rt. Hon. Winston Churchill said:
"Our troops roam far and wide but
they do not outstrip the Y. M. C. A.,
and the universal testimony is that
services of the highest value are be
ing performed by the Association.’’
"The Y. M. C. A. dra-ws the men
away from the temptation “to go on
the booze,” says Lieutenant General
Sir Robert Baden-Powell. When the
men are in the Y. M. C. A. buildings,
they are not only provided with
healthy recreation, but their environ
ments draw out the good points in
them. It is an important thing not
only to administer to the material
wants of the men, but to give them
moral tone, the fibre, the feeling of
honor and loyalty, which are every
thing to the man when he goes into
the fighting line.”
Mrs. Lloyd-George, in writing about
"Our Most Deadly Enemy, 1 * said, of
the Y. M. C. A. "We all know what
a splendid result has been achieved
by the Y. M. C. A. with its huts and
canteens for the benefit and use of
the soldiers at the front, and in the
home camp with regard to leading
men to leave alcohol alone and
choose something more sound and
Field Marshal Sir Douglas Haig,
who is now leading in the big drive
against the German line, was one of
the first to give the Y. M. C. A. the
opportunity of extending its work
from the base camps to the army
area. Os the Y. M. C. A. he says':
“No one can be long in this country
without realizing the immense value
of the Y. M. C. A.; and the constant
extension of its activities itself tes
tifies to the high regard to which it
is held by our soldiers.”
Major General John F. O’Ryan of
the New York National Guard, in pay
ing tribute to the military service
rendered by the Army Y. M. C. A.,
said: “Military morale is difficult to
define, because so many factors en
ter into its make-up. It means more
than zeal and enthusiasm. In a sub
stantial manner it is dependent upon
confidence, and confidence in turn
can exist only where efficiency and
dependability obtain. Dependability
is very largely dependent upon moral
character, and so we find that in war
the standard of moral character of an
army plays an important part in the
attainment of success. In this field
the Army Y. M. C. A. has contribut
ed very materially in raising the
standards and assisting the military
authorities in their work in more than
I think are generally appreciated. The
Army Y. M. C. A. is already an im
portant part of the Army.”
(By W. M. Herschel], in the Indianapolis
The Kid has gone to the Colors
And we don’t know what to say;
The Kid we have loved and cuddled
Stepped out for the Flag today?
We thought him a child, a baby,
With never a care at all.
But His country called him man-size
And the Kid has heard the call.
He paused to watch the recruiting,
Where, fired by the fife and drum,
He bowed his head to Old Glory
And thought that it whispered: ‘Cornel’
The Kid, not being a slacker,
Stood forth with patriot joy
To add his name to the roster
And God, we’re proud of the boy!
The Kid has gone to the Colors
It seems but a little while
Since he drilled a schoolboy army
In a truly martial style.
But now he’s a man ,a soldier,
And we lend him listening ear.
For his heart is a heart all loyal.
Unscouraged by the curs of fear.
His dad, when he told him. shuddered,
His mother—God bless her!—cried;
Yet, blest, with a mother-nature,
She wept with a mother pride.
But he whose old shoulders straightened
Was Granddad—for merory ran
To years when he, too, a youngster,
Was changed by the Flag to man!
Discipline Not Gained
By Harsh Treatment
The following sage advice to offi
cers is posted at the 28th division head
quarters and has excited much interest
by those who have read it:
“The discipline which makes the sol
diers of a free country reliable in battle
is not to be gained by harsh or tyran
nical treatment. On the contrary, such
treatment is far more likely to destroy
than to make an army. It is possible
to impart instructions and to give
commands in such a manner and in
such tone of voice as to inspire in the
soldier no feeling but an intense desire
to obey, while the opposite manner and
tone of voice cannot fail to excite
strong resentment and a desire to dis
“The one mode or the other of deal
ing with subordinates springs from a
corresponding spirit in the breast of
the commander. He who feels the re
spect which is due to others cannot
fail to inspire in them regard for him
self, while he who feels and hense man
ifests disrespect toward others, espe
cially his inferiors, cannot fail to in
spire hatred against himself.”
—Address of Major General John M.
Schofield, U. S. Corps of Cadets, Au
gust 11, 1879.
(Mr. Mannix is a student from Los Gatos at the United States training
Camp at the Presidio, California. The poem has been personally acknowledged
by General Pershing in a letter to the author.)
He has one far o’er the briny
To the land of Fleur-de-lis,
And most watchfully he’s waiting
For the boys in home khaki;
But the days will not be many
Or the waiting be in vain,
For from Golden Gate to Sandy Hook,
From city, hill and plain,
Is the “Hep, hep, hep!”
And the “Rat-tat-tat!”
Os the Army’s new refrain:
We’ll be after you, Jack Pershing,
In just a little while!
The Yankee hosts are moving now
In column, mile on mile!
We’ll be ready for your orders. Jack —
We love that good old smile—
So look for us. Jack Pershing,
In just a little while!”
He has gone to lead the Yankees
On the far-flung line of fire,
And he’s sure to place Old Glory
In God’s blue a little higher!
And the Boys will be there with him —
Human freedom to sustain!—•
For from Putret Sound to Texas,
Over city, hill and plain,
Is the “Hep, hep, hep!”
And the “Rat-tat-fat!”
Os the Army’s new refrain:
We'll be after you, Jack Pershing,
In just a little while!
Democracy is marching now
In column, mile on mile!
We’ll be ready for your orders, Jack —■
We love that good old smile—
So look for us, Jack Pershing,
Tn just a little while!”
Oct. 24,1917.
(By permission of Nashville Com
mercial Club)
It advertises a man’s ignorance.
It displays a lack of a sense of pro
It indicates an undesirable state of
inner character.
It reveals the nature of the fibre of
the soul.
It shows that the man’s better self
is not in control.
It illustrates the sordidness of soul
when unrestrained.
It means meagerness of resources of
It proclaims coarseness of one’s idea
of humor.
It is the poorest sort of excuse for
It reveals a fissure in character
which, when widened, cracks.
It suggests the possibility of greater
It proves a disappointment to every
right thinking friend.
It stultifies the testimony of other
good friends.
It soils the inner life of every hearer.
It hangs pictures in the chamber of
It provokes men who prefer purity in
word as well as deed.
It disgusts men who dwell on the
wholesome Side of life.
It nauseates men who are fighting for
right and hate dirt.
It makes no friends but loses many.
It sounds the note of possible personal
It accomplishes nothing more surely
than one’s own undoing.
It convinces none that you are a good
man to do b ue i ness with.
It dishonors parents and wife and
children and friends and land and
country and business and home
and God.
Here is a poem written in May, 1861,
when the people of the Northern States
were being urged to subscribe for a
government loan:
By Edward Everett Hale.
Come, freeman of the land,
Come meet the great demand,
True heart and open hand,
Take the loan.
For the hopes the prophet taw,
For the swords your brothers draw’.
For liberty and law,
Take the lean.
Ye ladies of the land,
As ye love the gallant band.
Who have drawn a soldier’s brand,
Take the loan.
Who would bring them what she could,
Who would give the soldier food,
■Who would stanch her brother’s blood.
Take the loan.
All who saw our hosts pass by,
All who joined the parting cry,
All who bade them do or die,
Take the loan.
All ye wished their triumph then,
As ye hope to meet again,
And to meet their gaze like men,
Take the loan-
Who would press the great appeal,
Os our ranks of serried steel,
Put your shoulder to the wheel,
Take the loan.
That our prayers in truth may rise,
Which we press with streaming eyes,
On the Lord of earth and skies,
Take the loan.
What was true in 1861 is true is 1917.

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