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K MH tarn™ HW)?t S ***. ss£ x/// w /KJ oths i i * v CI V v Y I t \ *; <HT lb TRENCH AND CAMP CAMP HANCOCK, Augusta, Ga. EDITION, 12,000. GEO. B. LANDIS 'and J. EDGAR PROBYN, Editors. Published gratis by THE HERALD PUBLISHING CO., Augusta, Ga. ISSUED EVERY V 2DNESDAY. Vol I—Dec7sTl9l7.—No. 9. Application has been made for TRENCH and CAMP for entry as 12 il Matter of the Second Class at the Au gusta, Ga., Postoffice. SUBSCRIPTION RATES. Trench and Camp will be mailed to any address in the United States (limited to 1,000 copies) at the follow ing rates: Three months .. .. .. .*.lsc Six months .... < 25c One year .50c NOTICE. This edition of Trench and Camp is limited to 12,000 copies. An effort will be made to place one or more copies in every tent. If parties are desirous of other copies, application should be made to the nearest Y. M. C. A. building, where they will be gladly furnished as long as they last. As the edition is limited to 12,000 copies, please do not throw your copy away, when you are through with it. Pass it on'to some other fellow. News items, personals, programs, meetings, announcements, etc., from all the units in the camp will be welcomed by Trench and Camp and printed as far as space per mits. These communications can be left with secretaries at any of the Y. M. C. A. buildings and will be turned over to the editors. All i copy should be turned in as early as possible. No copy can be hand led later than Monday noon, pre ceding date of issue. Trench and Camp will be issued every Wed nesday l?y THE AUGUSTA HERALD, -Publishers of the Camp Hancock Edition of Trench and Camp. We are indebted to the Augusta Chronicle for the clever cartoon by Cros by in this issue, which is so character istic in the Y. M. C. A. huts. ✓ WELCOME HOME! Trench and Camp extends a cordial welcome home to Major General Charles M. Clement. _ More than six weeks have passed sinee the good ship bore you safely through the perils of the submarine zone. .During that time, while you have been studying war conditions and methods of lighting, the work of training the men at Camp Hancock has gone on apace, and with excellent results. Your very presence gives confidence to the 28,000 men whom you will lead to victory “over there.” If you have gone through the submarine zone twice in perfect safety, it augurs well for the crossing of the entire division. If you can visit the trenches under shell fire and come through unscathed -there is every reason for each individual man in the Twenty-eighth Division to come through safely. And so we greet you, glad you are back to impart 'the benefit of your observation and experience to the men in your command. We have always felt that the Pennsylvania’diytsion was foremost in efficiency, and now we are more confident than ever that not only will our men enter the fray assured of victory, but also that they will be so well prepared to fight the Prussian foe that the resultant casualties will be as low as scientific and courageous leadership can make them. Welcome Home! PRAISES CAMP. In this issue, we print one-half of the impressions of Camp Hancock by Joseph H. Odell, special correspondent of The Outlook, in which some com plimentary things are said. Mrs. Silas S. Neff, a woman promi nent in the social and public life in the City of Philadelphia writing on this subject to the Public Ledger has this to say: “I was pleased to see in your paper lately a statement regarding vice in the different cantonments contradicted by so notable a person as Bishop Rhine lander. I have just returned from Camp Hancock and can say of that camp that I have never seen more or derly, serious -minded, high-principled young men than are assembled there. ■ As there are more than 30,000 of them Page 4 ■KL NC H AND CAMP I think one may safely judge of other camps from this one. I have never seen anywhere more manly behavior whether on the street cars, in the town, in hotels or in camp. Their gentle manly manners and serious faces were remarked by many like myself, who were visiting some son or relative at the camp. “It seems as little as we can do to give these sturdy sons who are offer ing the supreme sacrifice for their country, not only our love, sympathy rnd encouragement, but their just dues.” This is high praise, men, but you de serve every word of it. So say we all of us! , Trench and Camp acknowledges the receipt of several copies of a song, “In France With Pershing.” composed by Arthur H. McOwen, and dedicated to the old First Regiment of Philadelphia, now the 109:11 Infantry. • * • We commend to every soldier in Camp Hancock the reading of the excellent ar ticle in this issue by Rev. Dr. William Milton Hess, on “Why We Are At War.” Dr. Hess is thoroughly familiar with Ger man psychology and philosophy, having taught those subjects at Yale for several years, and he has met personally the leaders of Grman thought who from time to time lectured “ht Yale. The article is the result of many requests from sol diers who have heard Dr. Hess in pub lic utterances in the camp. It is con cise," comprehensive and convincing. We would respectfully refer to the late lamented soul of William Shakespeare the name of Byng. William said in his writings many years pgo: “What’s in a name?” No name in modern history is quite so expressive as that of the British general who surprised the Germans near Cambrai. It’s up to the. United States to go the British ond better by pro ducing a Bang! • • • Except for the absence of those at home, the celebration of Thanksgiving at Camp Hancock was for many men more elaborate than they would have had at home. With regimental services;, sports and entertainments at night all over the camp, there was diversion for all. And topping it all was the great American Thanksgiving dinner, with tur key, cranberries, sweet potatoes, corn, mince pies, etc. Hundreds of men were invited to private homes in and near Augusta, and had it not been for the morning inclemency, 1t would have been a day fit for the gods. Not even the. most chronic grumbler had a chance to kick. • • "« French officers who have witnessed the maneuvers and firing of the artillery boys on the range have been astonished at the dash ana daring of the men, no less than their skill in marksmanship. • • • Byng! Bang! Biff! • • • All honor to the American engineers in France, who when they were sur prised in their railroad building near the Cambrai front by the Germans, sought cover in shell holes and securing rifles fought alongside their British brethren in-arms and helped stay the German ad vance. Their coolness, courage and dis cipline were praised in an official com munication from the French government ♦ ♦ • The young men who have given up their lives to pneumonia at Camp Wheel er arc as deserving of honor as any man who .wears the uniform. They had to fight a more insidious enemy than the Prussians, with the chances against them from the start. They have given their lives for their country just as shicerely as the men who die in the trenches. » * » Verdun has been repeated by the Itali ans and it is a safe bet that the Ger mans will realize again the dauntless spirit exemplified by the French. “They Shall Not Pass!” is the slogan of the al lies on all the battlefronts. SHRAPNEL Great Britain has 900,000 pensioners of war. The age limit for recruits in the Marine Corps has been reduced to 17 years. The* countries at war with the Teuton allies contain 75 per cent of the world’s population. It is predicted that within a month we will all have to eat war bread made un der a government formula. The College of Forestry of Syracuse University recommends the use of nuts for food, during the stress of war. Great Britain has been spending $7,- 000,000 a day in this country ,ince the United States entered the war. Dr. Woods Hutchinson says that the death rate per annum in this war does not exceed 5 per cent of the total num ber engaged. Society women of Sewickley, Pa., have cancelled a concert-contract with Fritz Kreisler because he is an Austrian offi cer. Sir, ‘Richard Cooper, in an address be fore the British house of commons, de clared that the German spy system in Europe was more powerful than an armv of 1,000.000 men. It is estimated that the incendiary fires of Germanic origin in this country since America entered the war have caused losses equivalent to the cost of providing a year’s ratio.ns for 300,000 men. A prominent German paper, complain ing of the prohibitive prices charged to farm workers, shows that socks costing ten cents in peace times now cost $1 boots that cost $3 now cost S3O, and women's aprons that formerly cost 30 cents now cost $3. Curse the kaiser! More than 10,000,000 pledged them selves for food conservation. lowa leads with 91 per cent of the homes in that state holding food jrtedge cards. CARRY ON It’s easy to fight when everything’s right, * And you’re mad with the thrill and the glory: It’s easy to cheer when victory's near, And you wallow in fields that are gory. . It’s a different song when everything’s wrong, When you’re feeling infernally mortal; When it’s ten against one, and hope there is none, Buck up, little soldier, and chortle: Carry on! Carry on! Theie isn’t much punch in your blow. You’re glaring and staring and hitting out blind; You’re muddy and bloody, but never you mind, Carry on! Carry on! You haven't the ghost of a show. It’s looking like death, but while you’ve a breath,. Carry on, my son! Carry on! \ And so in the strife of the battle of life It’s easy to fight when you’re winning; It’s easy to slave, and starve and be brave, When the dawn of success is beginning. But the man who can meet despair and defeat With a cheer, there’s the man of God’s choosing; The man who can fight to Heaven's own height Is Die man who can fight when he’s losing. Carry on! Carry on! Things never were looming so black; But show that you haven’t a cowardly streak, And though you’re unlucky you never are weak. Carry on! Carry on! Brace up for another attack. It’s looking like hell, but —you never can tell; Carry on, old'man! Carry on! There are some who drift out in the deserts of doul t And some who in brutishness wallow; There are others I Know, who in piety go, i Because of a Heaven to follow. But to labor with zest, and to give of your best. For the sweetness and joy of the giving; To help folks along with a hand and a song—• Why, there’s the real sunshine of living. Carry on! Carry on! Fight the good fight and t.ue- Believe in your mission, greet life with a cheer; There’s big work to do. and that’s why you are here. Carry on! Carry on! Let the world be better for you; And aj last when you die, let this be your cry: Carry on, my soul! Carry on! —Robert W. Service. The Next Fall Os Jerusalem An Editorial in The Augusta Chronicle After the longest period of quietude i i its turbulent history, the ancient city < f Jerusalem is once more in the lime -1 ght of history, and according to the lat est dispatches it is now only a matter of days before the British forces will take possession of the city. For almost 800- years the Crescent of the Moslem Empire has floated over the ramparts of Jerusa lem and the capture by the British will again put it in possession of the Chris tian people. No other city now the center of in terest in the great world-war compares with it in the matter of historical lore. It antedates all the great cities of the world in its war records. No other city or section, regardless of its experience, has witnessed the travail of the world with such dire results and bitter experi ences as Jerusalem itself. Even before Joshua led the Israelites into Canaan, Jerusalem was regarded as a military stronghold. The first record of its participation in the great armed struggles of man was when the Egyp tians were forced to abandon jj to the Jebusites, after which the Israelites came i.i and captured the city from them. From that time Jerusalem entered upon its really prosperous career, but its most notable progress began under the admin istration of King David, who made it a veritable fort; and with the accession of King Solomon, art in the highest de gree was developed under his administra tion, making the city the center of ci vilization. In addition to this Solomon strengthened the forts and made the city a greater and stronger military center. After Solomon’e death, the rebellion led by Jereboam proved successful in mov ing the capital of Israel to Shechem, only two tripes remaining faithful to Rehe boam, King Solomon’s son; and taking advantage of this fact Shiskak, King of Egypt, sacked the city, pillaging King Solomon’s Temple and taking most of the treasures to the Kingdom of the Nile. With an aroused wrath, the Judeans, .un der the command of Amaziah, returned to the aid of the city, retook it from Egypt, and, in turn, Joshua of Israel went up among the Judeans and captured the city. For three centuries there was a suc cession of wars in which Jerusalem was taken and' retaken a number of times, suffering greatly and losing a part of its glory, but all the time strengthening it self from a military standpoint. At this juncture the Assyrians at tacked the city in a most determined way, but this powerful nation failed in its ob ject and the next great fall came when- Nebuchadnezzar, King of Babylon, suc ceeded in retaking it, destroying King Solomon’s Temple and leveling the forts For many centuries following this at tack the city was veiled in darkness from an historical standpoint, and its rehabili tation was begun 445 years before the Christian era by Nehemiah, who also un dertook to complete the rebuilding of the temple, which had been started at some prior date? After another century of peace had been experienced, (hiring which time the city was greatly developed, Alexander the Gggat overran the surrounding coun try. In order to escape destruction, the gates of the city were thrown open to his hosts, but he left the inhabitants in peaceful possession. Twelve years later, in 320 B. C., Ptol emy I, of Egypt, took the city, destroying njany of its fortifications and damaging the second temple, after which, however restoration was again started. Jerusa lem was not destined to enjoy peace, and it again fell victim to the invader. This time. Antiochius Epiphanes, of the Asia tic dynasty of Seleucid, ravaged the citv more completely than at any time in its history, iq the year 168 B. C. He then proceeded to make it an important town of a new type, constructing new fortifica tions and putting a Greek garrison in charge of the military administration of the city. After a long period of subjec- i tion of rebellion was started and Jeru salem was wrested from its holders and . L/ec. 5, 1917. this time, by the Maccabees, who pro ceeded with its development. However, its progress was not long to continue, for the city fell under an attack from Pompey in 65 B. C., but the dy nasty he represented soon passed away - ■and Herod, with the aid of divisions of the Roman army, captured the city and began an elaborate city building plan de signed to excel anything in the history of the famous city. Fortification upon fortification were constructed, and wall after wall built to repel invaders, and Herod’s place was one of the architec tural achievements of the age. The Roman procurators became jealousy of the extensive improvements and dered its discontinuance, with the that the city declared its and stoutly maintained it for at which time Emperor Titus lyS the city, in the year 70 A. D. wonderful defenses Jerusalem held many months, starvation and fierce fight- - ' ing finally overcoming it and the great est contest of ages was at an end when the Roman hosts took the city. The best authorities agree that more than a million lives were lost at the siege of Jerusalem at this time. For sixty years quiet reigned again, when another stormy period began, and the city fell to the revolutionists. But another Roman army was sent to con quer it and was successful. Emperor Hadrian decided to rebuild the city, and from 132 to 460 A. D., vast sums were spent in restoring the ancient city and building new additions—making it again one of the greatest centers of the world. In 614 the Persian army captured the city after four months of siege and fan peror Hefacius, only to again fall in 637 to the Mohammedans, who captured the city after four months of siege and afn atical fighting. They held the city until 1099, when it was taken by the Christian Lader, Godfrey of Bouillon. But it was again captured by the Mohammedans in 1187 and it has been virtually under their rule since that time. * Purely, no other city has such a record of vicissitudes brought about by war as that which has been made in Jerusalem. Despite its Moslem rulers the city is com posed largely of Christians and Jews, the population of 75,000 being made up of about 50,000 Jews, 15,000 Christians and 10,000 Moslems. The city has a floating population of about 15,000 in addition to this, owing to the fact that it is visited by a vast number of people at all times. The importance of Jerusalem, both in ancient and modern times, makes its cap ture —which is imminent—by the Allied hosts a matter of interest throughout the whole world, especially in view of the fact that this ancient stronghold, for so long a time the center of religious thought, will again be governed by Chris tian nations. THE END OF A HOOVER DAY. (Sung to the tune of “A Perfect Day.”) I have come to the end of a meatless day, And peacefully lying ip bed. My thoughts revert in a musing way To the food which today I’ve been fed. When I think of the cheese, and the beans and fish And oysters I’ve had to eat, I’ve no regrets for the “goold old days” 1 really didn’t miss the meat! I have come to the end of a wheatless day, I have eaten no cookies or pie, I have had no bread that was made with wheat; It was made out of corn or rye; And I liked it so well, that when war is past „. Ar!d a glorious victory won, 1 . . H.. on ob sorving “wheatless” days And 111 eat “corn pone” for fun! —Oconto (Wis.) Enterprise. Ignace Jan Paderewski, the world’s greatest pianist, has organized a legion o *'£ oles for war upon Germany. Already 6.000 men are in training at Niagara Fan - fully equipped.