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I I I II Bl I l/l i » EXX3 President Wilson says we are at war to make the world safe for Democracy. This is saying a good deal in a few words. Many Americans do not realize the import of these words. They do not believe, because they do not know, that our democracy is' threatened. They do not know that a lot of crazy men in Germany have gotten a lot of power, power enough to make a whole nation of 70,000,000 German people do their bidding. These crazy men are the pan- Germans or Junkers or Militarists of Germany, and they are Germany’s fore most men, her leading professors, min isters, editois, bankers, law-makers, big business men, and, of course, the pro fessional warriors of her army and navy. There may be 500,000 of these leaders, all of them thoroughly “kaiser ized” through a long process of wrong education, and these lead on 9,500,000 other Germans who are more or less stupid, who are dupes and slaves, many of them not knowing that they are such The lager beer that they drink does not make for clearness of think ing. They have become stupid and brutal largely through being saturated with beer for generations, says the psychologist. “The chickens are com ing home to roost” with the German people. The pan-Germans are the slickest, wiliest crowd that ever gained power in apy nation in the world’s history. They have all the modern inventions at their ■command. And for a period of forty years they have been preparing with lWg guns and big ships and an enor mous army and navy to dominate and ru'e the world. Their "Berlin to Bag dZd” scheme of “Mittel Europa” is pos itive proof of this. There are plenty of other proofs. They freely predicted that their day ("Der Tag”) had come, and that as Rome once ruled the world, and as Spain and France and England did, now it was Germany’s turn. They ignore and despise and sneer at Ameri ca calling her simply an immigrant na tion, bent only on money-making, and too cowardly to fight. All the while we have ben developing along peace lines, and were preaching the Brother hood of Man, and were pleading and working for arbitration treaties and peace movements, there Germans have been arming to the teeth and preaching the necessity of war. They scoff at the peace idea and they absolutely re ject the teaching of Jesus Christ as ap plicable to nations. They are pure power and force wor shippers, following Napoleon and Ju lius Caesar and Alexander the Great. They utterly disregard Napoleon’s warning: “The more I study the world the more I am convinced of the in ability of force to create anything dur able. Alexander, Caesar, Charlemagne and I myself have founded empires; but upon what did these creations of our genius depend? They depended upon force. Jesus Christ founded His empire upon love and to this very day millions would die for him.” These pan-Germans, i. e., the ruling class or the government of Germany, say that "war is an unqualified neces sity.” They claim it is .“a perversion of morality to wish to abolish heroism among men” by abolishing war. They know little nothing of American college athletics. The Germans are great “Turn-Ve reiners” or gymnasts, but they are not athletes. We in American can and do teach all the heroic qualities through athletics, football, baseball, basketball, etc. From the true pain of view, war is absolutely unnecessary to teach the he roic virtues, and is a relic of barbarism | and a complete anachronism in tint twentieth century of social progress. It is a reversion to the jung.e and tiger age of man, and the German leaders ar< simply carrying' out Darwin's brutal and partly untrue doctrine of the “Sur vival of the Fittest.” This semi-false doctrine drives the weak to the wall, but this Darwinian theory was modified years ago by men ; like Henry Drummond iii his "Ascent i of Mpn”; by Kropotkin and others. I They proved that there is altruism as well as egoism or selfishness at the heart of the Cosmic process. Eut the Germans have not only fol lowed Darwin’s partly false and one sided theory, but they have also fol lowed The. crazy teaching of their own I Mptzsche and Schopenhauer, both of | whom were more or less crazy and died • so. These, two Atheists and cynical pagans are the* principals who have cursed modern Germany snd damned it with their devilish and horribly selfish doctrine that might makes right. These two pagans, of course, rejected the truthful Jesus. The unselfish teach ings of Jesus do not harmonize with the intensely selfish desires of the Germans, and so they do not hesitate to claim that they are right and that Jesus and his gospel of love and good will and kindness are wrong. These Germans follow’ the <jjd pagan Greeks and Romans, and look upon the teachings of Jesus as effeminate and as those of weaklings or visionaries. These pan-Germans claim that Ger man rfecessity knows no law.” This is none other than the damnable and a.»- . cursed doctrine that "the end justifies “Why We Are At War” By WM. MILTON HESS Army Y. M. C. A 79, Camp Hancock Minister Trinity Congregational Church, New York City. .Formerly Instructor in Philosophy and Recorder of Yale College TRENCH AND CAMP ' the means.” They simply put ths state . in place of the church. They claim ■ everything exists for the state, and i that the state shall and must do the in i dividual’s thinking. Jesus Christ had put the individual ■ soul first. The state, the Sabbath, all exist for the individual’s welfare. He , opposed the Greek conception that man i exists for the state. ■ Consequently, Germany’s position to day is a reversion to pagan ideas and a ' rejection of Christian ideals. The Germans thus absolutely reject their own Luther, even though the kaiser is at the head of the Lutheran Church. They have gone back on the Luther who fought a good fight for the right <f the individual to think for himself- Luther opposed the church when it claimed the right to do all one’s think ing, and now the Kaiser’s government is putting forth the same claim that the state has the right to do everyone’s thinking. All, of course, in the name of pagan efficiency and for the sake of material wealth and worldly power. A new Luther is needed in Germany to fight down state tyranny and des potism, just as the old Luther fought down ecclesiastical tyranny and des potism. On the other hand, the Germans have cursed the world with their false doe trine of “personal liberty. There is and can be no such thing in civilization. They are rejecting religious and po litical liberty and claiming “personal liberty” in Germany. In this they say they are more free than w r e are. We are all familiar with the “per sonal liberty” crowd of German-Amer ican brewers and beer and whiskey sellers, a hyphenated bunch of aliens and Kaiserites. We are at last driv ing them to the wall on their infa mous doctrine of "personal liberty.” "Personal liberty” to the Germans means sin.ply: "Do as you please” with regard to drink; and how beautifully the brewers and kaiser crowd have been and are acting this “do as you please” policy. But you cannot have a civilization on the “do as you please,” “personal liberty” basis. The savage Indian roamed the forests and did as he pleased, until a stronger one came along and knocked him in the head. He had personal ligerty, but he produced no civilization. So the black African savage, and so an Ish mael Robinson Crusoe had personal liberty until the man Friday appeared, and then Robinson Crusoe’s rights were curtailed. Our liberties end where the other fellow’s rights begin, and they begin very soon. But with the German Hohenzollern pirates and barbarians and highwaymen, the other fellow has no rights. Are there to be nothing but Germans in this world? Will the world stand for such a diabol ically selfish doctrine? What is the difference between this attitude of the Germans and that of the bully? To be concluded next week-. i Advantages of Modern Travel ARTHUR J. FISHER in “Personality.” Not so very many years ago the canal boat was a marvel of progress. It was propelled by a span of mules and a rol licking skipper who could swear by note. If the flies didn't bother the motive power too much, and the jolly sailor lad who drove the mules, ye ho! was not afraid to use -the club, the old canal boat bound ed over the raging billows four miles an 'hour. Passengers used to stand on the hurricane deck with a life preserver in each hand, watch the scenery whiz by and exclaim. “Ay, ay, captain, and what won’t the mind of man think of next?” Then came the days of railroads, and the people began to penetrate the land scape at the rate of twe.nty miles an hour, barring cows on the track, which was a source at once of admiration and awe. People used to say that death him i self sat at the throttle or went through > the coaches selling thirteenth century figs | with his cap hung over one ear. And sk lon down till today we have our electric cars that run forty miles an hour and our palatial trains that whoop through the country at the rate of a mile a min ute, making pople hop out of the way or running over them and then whistling afterward, and we call it a wohderful age. And yet, after all, is it? I rode a long distance in a train re . cently in the same seat with a man I whose memory, it seemed to me, was ! very successful in running back into the dreamy past. "Wonderful facilities for traveling now adays,” I ventured to remark, just as the train whipped around a sharp curve that threw me up against my partner with so much enthusiasm that he forgot what we were talking about until I re minded him of it. "fes,” he replied, feeling in his vest pocket to see if his watch was still there, “yes, about 384 times too dumb blank wonderful to suit the taste. Here is a train that runs so fast a man has to hold on to his seat to keep from flying up against the roof and beating out his intellectual equipment, and steam pipes that swell the feet of- the innocent pas senger until he has to take off his shoes to enjoy the scenery, and yet what* of it all? ” "Yes, but think of our marvelous ad vantages,” I suggested. "Advantages!” he exclaimed, "yes, -that’s true. Just simply wonderful the advantages a man has nowadays, sweegE; Camp Hancock ’s Water Supply By CAPT. GEO. J. LYON, U. S. R. Directich of Major G, B, Strickler, Constructing Quartermaster. The construction of the water supply system at Camp Hancock, which provides an adequate domestic water supply for a population of 35,000 men. was begun about the Ist of August, 1917, and com pleted on October Ist, 1917. The source of She water supply used at Camp Hancock is the Savannah river, from which the water is taken at a qoint approximately 9 miles west of the city of Augusta, and is led thence through a canal for a distance of about 6 miles. At this point ~a series of powerful pumps, driven by water wheels, located between the canal and the river, operate by means of water (also taken from the canal), and pump the raw river water through a large size pipe to the settling basin of the city water works, w’hich is located direct ly opposite the office of the constructing quarter-master. Here the water is al lowed to settle for a long enough time to eliminate a considerable portion of the silt carried in suspension. Following the sedimentation, the water is passed through filters of the mechanical wash ing type, and is then treated with a min ute quantity of chlorine gas to render it absolutely sterile of all bacteria. The water is then led into a clear water basin, from which it is pumped I’ two GERMAN SPY SYSTEM BLAMED FOR RUSSIAN DISINTEGRATION Young Russian With Camp Hancock Military Police Gives Interesting Facts Concerning Native Country. Has Two Brothers in Russian Army. One of the most interesting units at Camp Hancock is the Military Police, commanded by Major Clement. In the companies are men of va- ious national ities and among them is a Russian named Gregory Gillman. a member of Company No. 2. Gillman’s real name is Gregory Galm. He was born in Russia and is the son of a prosperous textile manufacturer in Odessa, Russia’s chief seaport on the Black Sea. Gregory left Odessa August 13, 1914—a few days after war was de clared. He was then 17 years o]d ond his father provided him with money to come to New York, where he might en ter an evporting house and learn Amer ican methods and apply them to his father's business in Odessa, when the war was ended. In striving to force the Dardanelles, the Allies’ chief motive was to reach Odessa and other ports on the Black Sea, so that the great wheat-growing country of Bessarabia might be avail able for the Allies. Gillman is a grad uate of the Odessa High school and is a young man of high intelligence. Al though he was unable to speak a word of English when he left his native land, he now converses quite fluently and car. also speak German and shine Polish, Taught In Y. M. C. A. On his way to this country, Gillman passed through Warsaw, Berlin and Hamburg and arrived in New York, where he soon became identified with the Russian Symphony orchestra. Later he went to Philadelphia, where - he en tered the University of Pennsylvania and taught English to a class of Russians in the Y. M. C. A. He entered the Philadelphia Officers’ Training Battal ion arid made application for the Offi cers’ Training camp, but was refused because he had only I’iis first citizen ship papers. Brothers in Russian Army. Gillman has two brothers in the Rus sian army, one serving with the Sibe rian (hoops on active service and the other driving the car of the Minister of the Interior before the government was disrupted. From time to time, he re ceives letters from his folks, but all are censored, and it takes three months to receive a letter from Russia. Because of frequent visits to Russia with his par ents where they spent some time atCarls bad, Gillman picked up quite a knowl edge of the German tongue. In con versation with the editor of Trench and Camp, Gillman gave the views of a Rus sian on the present situation in his na tive land. 'Said he: “The Russian people cannot be blamed for the present situation. You must remember there are 185,000,000 people in all Russia, and seventy-five per cent of them are illiterate. They cannot read or write. Then there are thirty different languages in the country and that pre sents another problem. Another thing is the fact that railroads are so scarce. In 1876,. there were but 10,000 miles of railroads, with only fifty-three roads. Today there are but 60,000 miles of rail roads to serve a territory with an area of 8,900,000 square miles. People have been starving in peace times because of poor transportation facilities, for all the roads are single track. "With handicaps and the oppres sion of the Russian people for so many ing triumphantly through the country on a train that is put down in the timetable to stop at a certain point and then car ries him forty-three miles the other side of his destination before he can find the conductor who has to get permission of the grand-high-cockalorum of traffic who has to get permission of the secretary of the navy or the janitor at the house of correction who has to get permission of the Empress of China or some chump to have the train slow down so that the passenger can be kicked off the hind platform by the brakeman, twelve miles west of nowhere, and have his baggage thrown under a culvert bv a highty-tighty porter fourteen miles further down, the track. That’s your modern, twentieth century, jolt-a-man till-he-forgets-his-own-name advantages for you,” he concluded, as a large bru nette valise- ''was swept from the rack overhead and fell with a sickening thud upon his head. "Some people,” says Jock, "say that we are ‘oot’ here to make history, but I fig ure that most of us are ‘oot’ here to make geography,” meaning a small hill where thTre was none before. Dec. 5, 1917. 8-inch centrifugal pumps driven by 90- horse power electric motors into the pip i ig system of the camp proper. From these water mains the water is conducted through pipes of ample size to every mess hall and office building on the camp ground, as well as to every shower bath. The construction of this system has involved the laying of 35.406 feet of cast iron pipe. 169,188 feet of steel pipe of all si/es, 47,985 pipe fittings, 33,394 pounds of lead, 2,800 pounds oakum. In order to provide for the comfort, of the men in camp, 201 tanks and heaters have been installed at various convenient places throughout the camp gorund. These will enable the men to bathe in great luxury, and as frequently as they would in their own homes in Pennsyl vania. During teh construction of the water supply system. Captain Lyon, who has been in immediate charge of this work under the direction of the constructing quartermaster, has been ably assisted by fifteen lieutenants and 400 privates, de tailed from the various organizations in the camp, as well as by a large force of civilian plumbers, furnished by Mr. T. G. McAuliffe, who was the sub-contractor I>r this class of work. years, it is easy to understand why the Russians are so hard to organize into a stable government now they have had liberty given to them suddenly. With their ignorance, they have had to con tend with the German spy system, which is to blame for all the disasters to the Russian army. . Germans were every where—in business, politics, army .and in high government places. Germany dominated Russian life and that is one reason why she does not want to wage too determined a war against Russia. She was doing a business of $5,000,000,000 a year with Russia and Russian manufac turers were unable to compete with Germany, for in the Russo-Japanese treaty, Russia was forced to give Ger many free commercial privileges, with out any duty whatever. Many goods manufactured in the United States, bear ing the stamp, "Made in Germany,” were sent to Russia without one cent of duty being imposed. "Nearly all Russian generals were con trolled by German influences. The Ger man spy system is wonderful. When the Russians crossed the Carpathians, they were forced to retreat because of lack of ammunition. Instead of shells, they were sent potatoes. Rasputin, w’ho was so close to the Czar and his family, is said to have been a German spy. Our troops have had- to go to front line trenches without ammunition, where they have been butchered unmercifully by the Germans, as they were at the Mazurian lakes, where the Germans showed no mercy but shot them down like dogs. “There are too many Germans in Rus sia and the people are too easily led by every agitator who comes along’ They are just like grown-up children. Fully fifty per cent of the people in Russia do not know that such a country as the United States exists. There are. no good leaders in Russia. If there were, the Russian army would »have whipped the Kaiser single-handed. The Russian sol diers can stand more than any other sol dier on earth, for all his life he has been used to hardship and can live on meager food. They are great philosophers and cheerful, no matter what happens. I have seen many men who returned from the Japanese war with hands and arms and legs off, smiling and cheerful and good-natured, just as if nothing had ever occurred. "Graft, illiteracy and poor transporta tion have been the chief causes of the failure of Russia. The Bolshevik! are in all probability German spies or are bought by the Germans. They were un known until recently and it is thought they are the revolutionary socialists who left New York City after the Czar was overthrown and have come info power I believe counter revolutions will occur until the supplies are exhausted. It took the United* States five years during the Civil War to reform its government and it took France thirty years to do the* same thing. Even if Russia is out Ger many will be licked. “General Rennenkampff, who led the pick of the Russian troops in the north west drive, was a German spy and his treachery permitted Hindenburg to slaughter the Russians in the Mazurian lakes. Russians in the receiv fifty five kopecks a month, or 25 cents so the American soldiers have no kiCk coming.” PLEDGE TO STOP SLANG AND PROFANITY Camp Hancock, Gai, Dec. 2nd, 1917. After listening to a talk by Dr. Hess on the above evening the following idea came to Joseph C. Gershen, of the Hos pital Corps of the 110th Infantry, and resulted in the following resolution. Resolved: That from this date wo will discontinue the use of slang arid profane language in our tent, and should any of the. following men. use slang or profane language, he will have to deposit 5 cents in the tent fund, which will be given to the I’. M. C. A. building to be used to buy literature encouraging the above system in the various tents of the division.* ■"* Joseph C. Gershen, D. Earl Lamb, W. E. Sandel, Joseph B. Wilson, Peter Vv. dalcolm, Randel Rice.