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Trench and camp. [volume] (Augusta, Ga.) 1917-1919, December 05, 1917, Image 8

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EXX3
President Wilson says we are at war
to make the world safe for Democracy.
This is saying a good deal in a few
words. Many Americans do not realize
the import of these words. They do
not believe, because they do not know,
that our democracy is' threatened. They
do not know that a lot of crazy men in
Germany have gotten a lot of power,
power enough to make a whole nation
of 70,000,000 German people do their
bidding. These crazy men are the pan-
Germans or Junkers or Militarists of
Germany, and they are Germany’s fore
most men, her leading professors, min
isters, editois, bankers, law-makers, big
business men, and, of course, the pro
fessional warriors of her army and
navy. There may be 500,000 of these
leaders, all of them thoroughly “kaiser
ized” through a long process of wrong
education, and these lead on 9,500,000
other Germans who are more or less
stupid, who are dupes and slaves, many
of them not knowing that they are
such The lager beer that they drink
does not make for clearness of think
ing. They have become stupid and
brutal largely through being saturated
with beer for generations, says the
psychologist. “The chickens are com
ing home to roost” with the German
people.
The pan-Germans are the slickest,
wiliest crowd that ever gained power in
apy nation in the world’s history. They
have all the modern inventions at their
■command. And for a period of forty
years they have been preparing with
lWg guns and big ships and an enor
mous army and navy to dominate and
ru'e the world. Their "Berlin to Bag
dZd” scheme of “Mittel Europa” is pos
itive proof of this. There are plenty
of other proofs. They freely predicted
that their day ("Der Tag”) had come,
and that as Rome once ruled the world,
and as Spain and France and England
did, now it was Germany’s turn. They
ignore and despise and sneer at Ameri
ca calling her simply an immigrant na
tion, bent only on money-making, and
too cowardly to fight. All the while
we have ben developing along peace
lines, and were preaching the Brother
hood of Man, and were pleading and
working for arbitration treaties and
peace movements, there Germans have
been arming to the teeth and preaching
the necessity of war. They scoff at
the peace idea and they absolutely re
ject the teaching of Jesus Christ as ap
plicable to nations.
They are pure power and force wor
shippers, following Napoleon and Ju
lius Caesar and Alexander the Great.
They utterly disregard Napoleon’s
warning: “The more I study the world
the more I am convinced of the in
ability of force to create anything dur
able. Alexander, Caesar, Charlemagne
and I myself have founded empires;
but upon what did these creations of
our genius depend? They depended
upon force. Jesus Christ founded His
empire upon love and to this very day
millions would die for him.”
These pan-Germans, i. e., the ruling
class or the government of Germany,
say that "war is an unqualified neces
sity.” They claim it is .“a perversion
of morality to wish to abolish heroism
among men” by abolishing war. They
know little nothing of American
college athletics.
The Germans are great “Turn-Ve
reiners” or gymnasts, but they are not
athletes. We in American can and do
teach all the heroic qualities through
athletics, football, baseball, basketball,
etc.
From the true pain of view, war is
absolutely unnecessary to teach the he
roic virtues, and is a relic of barbarism |
and a complete anachronism in tint
twentieth century of social progress.
It is a reversion to the jung.e and tiger
age of man, and the German leaders ar<
simply carrying' out Darwin's brutal
and partly untrue doctrine of the “Sur
vival of the Fittest.”
This semi-false doctrine drives the
weak to the wall, but this Darwinian
theory was modified years ago by men ;
like Henry Drummond iii his "Ascent i
of Mpn”; by Kropotkin and others. I
They proved that there is altruism as
well as egoism or selfishness at the
heart of the Cosmic process.
Eut the Germans have not only fol
lowed Darwin’s partly false and one
sided theory, but they have also fol
lowed The. crazy teaching of their own I
Mptzsche and Schopenhauer, both of |
whom were more or less crazy and died •
so. These, two Atheists and cynical
pagans are the* principals who have
cursed modern Germany snd damned it
with their devilish and horribly selfish
doctrine that might makes right. These
two pagans, of course, rejected the
truthful Jesus. The unselfish teach
ings of Jesus do not harmonize with
the intensely selfish desires of the
Germans, and so they do not hesitate to
claim that they are right and that
Jesus and his gospel of love and good
will and kindness are wrong.
These Germans follow’ the <jjd pagan
Greeks and Romans, and look upon the
teachings of Jesus as effeminate and
as those of weaklings or visionaries.
These pan-Germans claim that Ger
man rfecessity knows no law.” This is
none other than the damnable and a.»- .
cursed doctrine that "the end justifies
“Why We Are At War”
By WM. MILTON HESS
Army Y. M. C. A 79, Camp Hancock
Minister Trinity Congregational Church, New York City.
.Formerly Instructor in Philosophy and Recorder of Yale College
TRENCH AND CAMP
' the means.” They simply put ths state
. in place of the church. They claim
■ everything exists for the state, and
i that the state shall and must do the in
i dividual’s thinking.
Jesus Christ had put the individual
■ soul first. The state, the Sabbath, all
exist for the individual’s welfare. He
, opposed the Greek conception that man
i exists for the state.
■ Consequently, Germany’s position to
day is a reversion to pagan ideas and a
' rejection of Christian ideals. The
Germans thus absolutely reject their
own Luther, even though the kaiser is
at the head of the Lutheran Church.
They have gone back on the Luther
who fought a good fight for the right
<f the individual to think for himself-
Luther opposed the church when it
claimed the right to do all one’s think
ing, and now the Kaiser’s government
is putting forth the same claim that the
state has the right to do everyone’s
thinking. All, of course, in the name
of pagan efficiency and for the sake of
material wealth and worldly power.
A new Luther is needed in Germany
to fight down state tyranny and des
potism, just as the old Luther fought
down ecclesiastical tyranny and des
potism.
On the other hand, the Germans have
cursed the world with their false doe
trine of “personal liberty. There is
and can be no such thing in civilization.
They are rejecting religious and po
litical liberty and claiming “personal
liberty” in Germany. In this they say
they are more free than w r e are.
We are all familiar with the “per
sonal liberty” crowd of German-Amer
ican brewers and beer and whiskey
sellers, a hyphenated bunch of aliens
and Kaiserites. We are at last driv
ing them to the wall on their infa
mous doctrine of "personal liberty.”
"Personal liberty” to the Germans
means sin.ply: "Do as you please” with
regard to drink; and how beautifully
the brewers and kaiser crowd have
been and are acting this “do as you
please” policy.
But you cannot have a civilization
on the “do as you please,” “personal
liberty” basis.
The savage Indian roamed the forests
and did as he pleased, until a stronger
one came along and knocked him in
the head. He had personal ligerty, but
he produced no civilization. So the
black African savage, and so an Ish
mael Robinson Crusoe had personal
liberty until the man Friday appeared,
and then Robinson Crusoe’s rights
were curtailed. Our liberties end
where the other fellow’s rights begin,
and they begin very soon. But with
the German Hohenzollern pirates and
barbarians and highwaymen, the other
fellow has no rights. Are there to
be nothing but Germans in this world?
Will the world stand for such a diabol
ically selfish doctrine? What is the
difference between this attitude of the
Germans and that of the bully?
To be concluded next week-.
i Advantages of
Modern Travel
ARTHUR J. FISHER in “Personality.”
Not so very many years ago the canal
boat was a marvel of progress. It was
propelled by a span of mules and a rol
licking skipper who could swear by note.
If the flies didn't bother the motive power
too much, and the jolly sailor lad who
drove the mules, ye ho! was not afraid
to use -the club, the old canal boat bound
ed over the raging billows four miles an
'hour. Passengers used to stand on the
hurricane deck with a life preserver in
each hand, watch the scenery whiz by
and exclaim. “Ay, ay, captain, and what
won’t the mind of man think of next?”
Then came the days of railroads, and
the people began to penetrate the land
scape at the rate of twe.nty miles an
hour, barring cows on the track, which
was a source at once of admiration and
awe. People used to say that death him
i self sat at the throttle or went through
> the coaches selling thirteenth century figs
| with his cap hung over one ear. And sk
lon down till today we have our electric
cars that run forty miles an hour and
our palatial trains that whoop through
the country at the rate of a mile a min
ute, making pople hop out of the way
or running over them and then whistling
afterward, and we call it a wohderful
age. And yet, after all, is it?
I rode a long distance in a train re
. cently in the same seat with a man
I whose memory, it seemed to me, was
! very successful in running back into the
dreamy past.
"Wonderful facilities for traveling now
adays,” I ventured to remark, just as
the train whipped around a sharp curve
that threw me up against my partner
with so much enthusiasm that he forgot
what we were talking about until I re
minded him of it.
"fes,” he replied, feeling in his vest
pocket to see if his watch was still there,
“yes, about 384 times too dumb blank
wonderful to suit the taste. Here is a
train that runs so fast a man has to
hold on to his seat to keep from flying
up against the roof and beating out his
intellectual equipment, and steam pipes
that swell the feet of- the innocent pas
senger until he has to take off his shoes
to enjoy the scenery, and yet what* of it
all? ”
"Yes, but think of our marvelous ad
vantages,” I suggested.
"Advantages!” he exclaimed, "yes,
-that’s true. Just simply wonderful the
advantages a man has nowadays, sweegE;
Camp Hancock ’s Water Supply
By CAPT. GEO. J. LYON, U. S. R.
Directich of Major G, B, Strickler, Constructing
Quartermaster.
The construction of the water supply
system at Camp Hancock, which provides
an adequate domestic water supply for a
population of 35,000 men. was begun
about the Ist of August, 1917, and com
pleted on October Ist, 1917.
The source of She water supply used at
Camp Hancock is the Savannah river,
from which the water is taken at a qoint
approximately 9 miles west of the city of
Augusta, and is led thence through a
canal for a distance of about 6 miles. At
this point ~a series of powerful pumps,
driven by water wheels, located between
the canal and the river, operate by means
of water (also taken from the canal),
and pump the raw river water through a
large size pipe to the settling basin of the
city water works, w’hich is located direct
ly opposite the office of the constructing
quarter-master. Here the water is al
lowed to settle for a long enough time to
eliminate a considerable portion of the
silt carried in suspension. Following the
sedimentation, the water is passed
through filters of the mechanical wash
ing type, and is then treated with a min
ute quantity of chlorine gas to render it
absolutely sterile of all bacteria.
The water is then led into a clear water
basin, from which it is pumped I’ two
GERMAN SPY SYSTEM BLAMED
FOR RUSSIAN DISINTEGRATION
Young Russian With Camp Hancock Military Police Gives
Interesting Facts Concerning Native Country. Has Two
Brothers in Russian Army.
One of the most interesting units at
Camp Hancock is the Military Police,
commanded by Major Clement. In the
companies are men of va- ious national
ities and among them is a Russian named
Gregory Gillman. a member of Company
No. 2.
Gillman’s real name is Gregory Galm.
He was born in Russia and is the son
of a prosperous textile manufacturer in
Odessa, Russia’s chief seaport on the
Black Sea. Gregory left Odessa August
13, 1914—a few days after war was de
clared. He was then 17 years o]d ond
his father provided him with money to
come to New York, where he might en
ter an evporting house and learn Amer
ican methods and apply them to his
father's business in Odessa, when the
war was ended.
In striving to force the Dardanelles,
the Allies’ chief motive was to reach
Odessa and other ports on the Black
Sea, so that the great wheat-growing
country of Bessarabia might be avail
able for the Allies. Gillman is a grad
uate of the Odessa High school and is
a young man of high intelligence. Al
though he was unable to speak a word
of English when he left his native land,
he now converses quite fluently and car.
also speak German and shine Polish,
Taught In Y. M. C. A.
On his way to this country, Gillman
passed through Warsaw, Berlin and
Hamburg and arrived in New York,
where he soon became identified with
the Russian Symphony orchestra. Later
he went to Philadelphia, where - he en
tered the University of Pennsylvania and
taught English to a class of Russians
in the Y. M. C. A. He entered the
Philadelphia Officers’ Training Battal
ion arid made application for the Offi
cers’ Training camp, but was refused
because he had only I’iis first citizen
ship papers.
Brothers in Russian Army.
Gillman has two brothers in the Rus
sian army, one serving with the Sibe
rian (hoops on active service and the
other driving the car of the Minister of
the Interior before the government was
disrupted. From time to time, he re
ceives letters from his folks, but all are
censored, and it takes three months to
receive a letter from Russia. Because of
frequent visits to Russia with his par
ents where they spent some time atCarls
bad, Gillman picked up quite a knowl
edge of the German tongue. In con
versation with the editor of Trench and
Camp, Gillman gave the views of a Rus
sian on the present situation in his na
tive land. 'Said he:
“The Russian people cannot be blamed
for the present situation. You must
remember there are 185,000,000 people in
all Russia, and seventy-five per cent of
them are illiterate. They cannot read or
write. Then there are thirty different
languages in the country and that pre
sents another problem. Another thing
is the fact that railroads are so scarce.
In 1876,. there were but 10,000 miles of
railroads, with only fifty-three roads.
Today there are but 60,000 miles of rail
roads to serve a territory with an area
of 8,900,000 square miles. People have
been starving in peace times because of
poor transportation facilities, for all the
roads are single track.
"With handicaps and the oppres
sion of the Russian people for so many
ing triumphantly through the country on
a train that is put down in the timetable
to stop at a certain point and then car
ries him forty-three miles the other side
of his destination before he can find the
conductor who has to get permission of
the grand-high-cockalorum of traffic who
has to get permission of the secretary of
the navy or the janitor at the
house of correction who has to get
permission of the Empress of China or
some chump to have the train slow down
so that the passenger can be kicked off
the hind platform by the brakeman,
twelve miles west of nowhere, and have
his baggage thrown under a culvert bv
a highty-tighty porter fourteen miles
further down, the track. That’s your
modern, twentieth century, jolt-a-man
till-he-forgets-his-own-name advantages
for you,” he concluded, as a large bru
nette valise- ''was swept from the rack
overhead and fell with a sickening thud
upon his head.
"Some people,” says Jock, "say that we
are ‘oot’ here to make history, but I fig
ure that most of us are ‘oot’ here to make
geography,” meaning a small hill where
thTre was none before.
Dec. 5, 1917.
8-inch centrifugal pumps driven by 90-
horse power electric motors into the pip
i ig system of the camp proper.
From these water mains the water is
conducted through pipes of ample size to
every mess hall and office building on
the camp ground, as well as to every
shower bath. The construction of this
system has involved the laying of 35.406
feet of cast iron pipe. 169,188 feet of steel
pipe of all si/es, 47,985 pipe fittings, 33,394
pounds of lead, 2,800 pounds oakum.
In order to provide for the comfort, of
the men in camp, 201 tanks and heaters
have been installed at various convenient
places throughout the camp gorund.
These will enable the men to bathe in
great luxury, and as frequently as they
would in their own homes in Pennsyl
vania.
During teh construction of the water
supply system. Captain Lyon, who has
been in immediate charge of this work
under the direction of the constructing
quartermaster, has been ably assisted by
fifteen lieutenants and 400 privates, de
tailed from the various organizations in
the camp, as well as by a large force of
civilian plumbers, furnished by Mr. T. G.
McAuliffe, who was the sub-contractor
I>r this class of work.
years, it is easy to understand why the
Russians are so hard to organize into a
stable government now they have had
liberty given to them suddenly. With
their ignorance, they have had to con
tend with the German spy system, which
is to blame for all the disasters to the
Russian army. . Germans were every
where—in business, politics, army .and
in high government places. Germany
dominated Russian life and that is one
reason why she does not want to wage
too determined a war against Russia. She
was doing a business of $5,000,000,000 a
year with Russia and Russian manufac
turers were unable to compete with
Germany, for in the Russo-Japanese
treaty, Russia was forced to give Ger
many free commercial privileges, with
out any duty whatever. Many goods
manufactured in the United States, bear
ing the stamp, "Made in Germany,” were
sent to Russia without one cent of duty
being imposed.
"Nearly all Russian generals were con
trolled by German influences. The Ger
man spy system is wonderful. When the
Russians crossed the Carpathians, they
were forced to retreat because of lack
of ammunition. Instead of shells, they
were sent potatoes. Rasputin, w’ho was
so close to the Czar and his family, is
said to have been a German spy. Our
troops have had- to go to front line
trenches without ammunition, where
they have been butchered unmercifully
by the Germans, as they were at the
Mazurian lakes, where the Germans
showed no mercy but shot them down
like dogs.
“There are too many Germans in Rus
sia and the people are too easily led by
every agitator who comes along’ They
are just like grown-up children. Fully
fifty per cent of the people in Russia
do not know that such a country as the
United States exists. There are. no good
leaders in Russia. If there were, the
Russian army would »have whipped the
Kaiser single-handed. The Russian sol
diers can stand more than any other sol
dier on earth, for all his life he has been
used to hardship and can live on meager
food. They are great philosophers and
cheerful, no matter what happens. I
have seen many men who returned from
the Japanese war with hands and arms
and legs off, smiling and cheerful and
good-natured, just as if nothing had ever
occurred.
"Graft, illiteracy and poor transporta
tion have been the chief causes of the
failure of Russia. The Bolshevik! are
in all probability German spies or are
bought by the Germans. They were un
known until recently and it is thought
they are the revolutionary socialists who
left New York City after the Czar was
overthrown and have come info power
I believe counter revolutions will occur
until the supplies are exhausted. It took
the United* States five years during the
Civil War to reform its government and
it took France thirty years to do the*
same thing. Even if Russia is out Ger
many will be licked.
“General Rennenkampff, who led the
pick of the Russian troops in the north
west drive, was a German spy and his
treachery permitted Hindenburg to
slaughter the Russians in the Mazurian
lakes. Russians in the receiv fifty
five kopecks a month, or 25 cents so
the American soldiers have no kiCk
coming.”
PLEDGE TO STOP
SLANG AND PROFANITY
Camp Hancock, Gai,
Dec. 2nd, 1917.
After listening to a talk by Dr. Hess
on the above evening the following idea
came to Joseph C. Gershen, of the Hos
pital Corps of the 110th Infantry, and
resulted in the following resolution.
Resolved: That from this date wo
will discontinue the use of slang arid
profane language in our tent, and
should any of the. following men. use
slang or profane language, he will have
to deposit 5 cents in the tent fund,
which will be given to the I’. M. C. A.
building to be used to buy literature
encouraging the above system in the
various tents of the division.* ■"*
Joseph C. Gershen, D. Earl Lamb, W.
E. Sandel, Joseph B. Wilson, Peter Vv.
dalcolm, Randel Rice.

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