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The Savannah morning news. (Savannah, Ga.) 1900-current, November 14, 1904, Image 6

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn89053684/1904-11-14/ed-1/seq-6/

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6
FARM, GARDEN
AND HOUSEHOLD
By 5. A. COOK.
The Garden- Thought* tor Novem
lir.
Fall gardening was so greatly in
terfered with by dry weather this sea
son there will be less of it than is
usually done when October rains are
more seasonable. However, where
there has been rain enough to wet the
soil there is still much that can be
done that it will be well to do. We
have had no severe weather yet, and
it may be a number of weeks before
any hard freezes occur. In South
Georgia and Florida it is still in order
to sow onion seed and to put out the
sets. For the sets if the land Is bed
ded up as high as possible the sets
can be covered with two or three
inches of soil which will be a protec
tion from heaving while the plants
are getting well rooted. This soil can
be worked away from the onions later
on. When the sets are put into loose
soil a light roller should be run along
over them or they should be pressed
firmly in with the foot. It is very
rare that onion sets are heaved out by
freezes even in Middle Georgia when
set any time in November.
It is not too late to sow spinach, a
salad plant second only to asparagus.
If the seeds are good the plants will
soon get a hold on the soil that will
prevent their being heaved. A small
plot is easily mulched.
At least three years out of five tur
nips sowed and cabbage plants set out
in November escape any serious dam
age in Middle Georgia. Some cab
bages and some turnips are much har
dier than others. The green glazed
cabbage and the Savoy are much more
hardy than the pale green, smooth
leaved sorts. And the yellow Aberdeen
turnip is more hardy than the Cow
horn or Flat Dutch.
Unless the soil is in a good state of
preparation it will be better when in
doubt to wait until the severe weather
of January Is over before making ex
tensive sowings or plantings of any
thing susceptible to injury from cold.
It would be better to use the time be
tween now and then in getting the soil
well plowed and well manured. Ma
nure well and make a fine seed bed and
the crop put in later on will not be
much behind any November plant
ings.
Farm Topic*—Compost*.
We don’t hear much about composts
and compost-making nowadays for a
very good reason it has gone out of
fashion with all but a few farmers
here and there for whom the practice
is specially adapted. Compost-making
entails considerable labor of a kind
not very pleasant. Few farmers have
sufficient material and shelter to jus
tify -the practice. It is easier and
every way as good to nfake the com
post directly in the furrow as any ma
nure may be accumulated for the pur
pose.
Any time in November or December
the furrows may be opened and any
lot manure worth using can be hauled
out arid distributed in the furrows and
then any mineral matter can be
sprinkled over it in due proportion;
the furrows listed on and the Job of
composting is done. This involves less
labor than the plan of mixing under
shelter. The stable manure saved on
the farm goes a very little ways 'at
the best in enriching it any one year.
As far as it goes it is very good.
But the only extensive or wholesale
enriching of a farm can only be effect
ed with vegetable manure—manure
made from peavlnes, clover, velvet
beans. vetch, etc. It is not necessary
nor even desirable that such manurial
crops should be turned under green.
It is a hard thing to do in the first
place, but it is not desirable anyway.
Grown on the soil and then allowed to
mature and die on it then be turned un
der has been found to be the besjt
method in the renovation of land in an
extensive way. Whether we call it
humus or manure this vegetable matter
provides the cheapest method of mak
ing land rich. It is not likely that a
better will be found.
Keeping Poultry.
There are two kinds of poultry-keep
ing, either of which require nice eco
nomical management to make it suc
cessful. One is where eggs and chick
ens are raised for food; the other is
where fancy stock is bred and the
eggs and chickens are sold at fancy
prices—prices too high to warrant their
being used as food. Many have made
a specialty of the latter and have
found it a money-making business,
though many met with failure sooner
or later. Those only succeeded who
were adapted to the business—who
found it congenial.
In either case there is demanded sys
tem and painstaking. It cannot be
conducted In a haphazard, go-lucky
sort of a way. A lazy, careless person
would soon find failure.
Successful poultry keeping entails (1)
suitable quarters and yards, (2) per
fect cleanliness of surroundings. (3)
suitable food. (4) pure water, (5) pro
tection from enemies and insects. A
proper regard for these five condi
tions and poultry raising may be made
more or less successful.
The first consideration is the hen.
She must be kept healthy, fed egg-pro
ducing food anti protected from the
weather. The hen house should be a
dry, warm place in the winter If eggs
•re desired in the winter and early
spring. W hole wheat is an egg-pro
ducing food and so is cow peas A mix
ture of two parts wheat bran and one
of corn meal is a fair egg producer,
along with some grSen food barley,
oats, clover, collards and the like!
Scraps of fresh meat of any kind In
small quantity is good for laying hens
in the absence of Insects.
A laying hen should never be stuffed
but should receive a little at inter
vals. Where grain is fed it is well to
scatter It among straw or chaff so
that the hens will have to exerclie a
little,to get it.
They must have fresh water In an
iron vessel.
The question of Good Deed*.
It costs considerable In the way of
care and Intelligent labor to nave first
class seeds of cabbage especially. As
Oraka’s Palmetto Wine.
..T* 11 * " on<lerful tonic medicine will immedl
ately help you and absolutely cure you. Every
gjojf of this paper who desires to give this re-
BriarUable Palmetto medicine a thorough teat Is
offered a trlsl bottle of Drake's Palmetto Wld*
free. One tablespoooful once a day relieves and
aloolutely cures Indigestion. Flatulency. Con
gtipatlon. Catarrh of the Mucous Membranes
Congestion of Lirer or Kidneys, and Inflamma
tion of Bladder, to may cured. It is a wonder
ful tonic for tbs appetite, nervous system and
and’v'lgSt P . TomoV,s * * n4 maintains health
•evenly-Ova cents at Drug Stores for a large
poUM. WMMI dollar list, but a trial bottla wfi;
m amt free and prepaid to every reader of tble
wer Who Marls sveb * medicine Address your
*i'*<* 1 esrd to Drabs Formula Gum
,lM,ld!og. Chicago. Ul A trial hot
ha will a sent yrqala
it is a biennial it requires two seasons
to produce a crop of seeds and the con
scientious grower of good • cabbage
seeds must sacrifice the finest heads of
one season to produce seeds the next.
Starting with a good strain of eab
| bageseeds the only way to maintain
their good quality is by selecting solid
| well-formed heads in the field and later
| the entire plant must be carefully pre
i served until the following Spring and
then set out in soil adapted to seed de
velopment—soil rich in mineral ele
ments.
It is an ancient saying that “who
ever makes two blades of grass grow
where only one grew before is a public
benefactor." It may well be said of the
man engaged in growing and selling
perfect seeds —“he is worthy of a
monument." There is a general com
plaint the country over of the difficulty
of getting seeds pure and true to name.
Farmers and gardeners in every sec
tion make the same complaint— “Seeds
did not come up," "seeds not true to
name." “seeds badly mixed with weeds
and so on. It is a bad state of affairs
to be sure.
About the only remedy that is any
ways practical is for farmers, garden
ers and others to either raise their
own seeds or buy directly from those
who produce them. There are reputa
ble seed growers in one place or an
other that produce the various farm
and garden seeds. Bought directly from
them the seeds as a rule are fresh, un
fixed and true to nam
In the routine of commerce there is
no telpling how -old, impure and un
reliable seeds may become before they
reach the backswoods farmer and
gardener. The Southern farmer can
raise nearly all his own seeds and why
should he not?
Some of Our V'seful Birds.
At the present rate of destruction it
is only a question of time when we
will be living in a birdless world, says
the Dpitomist. The efforts of the dif
ferent societies for the protection of
birds are doing much to check the tide
of destruction, but they must have
the assistance of the farmers and fruit
growers all over the country, before
their efforts can be crowned with com
plete success. A large per cent, of the
two or three hundred kinds of birds in
America are beneficial in some way to
the farmer. They not only destroy
many noxious insects, but are useful
for the refining influence which they
exert over the mind of man.
This would be a dreary world
If there were no birds, no re
turn of the dear old songsters of
spring. Tre quail is one of the most
useful of our game birds. It destroys
more chinch bugs than any other bird.
If the farmer would only study its
habits and fully realize the great num
ber of these pests a single quail will
consume in one day they would give It
better protection. The oriole family
are as a whole very useful birds. The
Baltimore oriole will become quite
tame and often nest near the farm
buildings if unmolested. It destroys
many caterpillars and other injurious
insects found among the shade trees
and orchards. The meadow lark be
longs to the same family, but has very
different habits. This bird can be seen
almost every day, in this latitude,
roaming over the fields and meadows
from early morn till night searching
for its food. A careful study of the
habits of the meadow lark will show
that the principal part of Its food con
sists of grasshoppers, beetles and other
insects. While farmers as a whole do
not look upon it as an injurious bird,
they do not protect it from the hunter
as they should. It is true that it is
listed as a game bird that may be
killed during certain seasons of the
year, but this is no reason why farm
ers may not keep them from being
killed on their own land. If every one
would do this there would not be near
so many killed. The blackbird does
more harm than any other member of
the oriole family, and it has some good
traits. I have often seen them In large
flocks hunting for insects. They will
follow the plow all day picking up
every grub and worm that is turned
up. The crow is generally classed as a
very doubtful and many farmers con
sider it a very bad, bird. It certainly
does destroy some corn and in the
spring sometimes pulls up young corn.
However, it has some good qualities.
I have seen crows feeding on insects
even in the corn field without eating
any of the corn. Last year I had a
forty-acre field that was covered with
army worms. The crows were not long
in finding it out. Hundreds of them
came to this field early every morning
and remained until night. They kept
this up till they had destroyed all the
worms, not giving them time to do any
damage. In this instance the crows
were very beneficial to, me. The mock
ing bird, brown thrasher, cdt bird and
house wren all feed more or less on
insects. The cat bird eats more fruit
than any of, the others, but the good
it does in destroying the enemies of
the horticulturist more than pays for
what fruit it consumes. If there are a
few wild cherry trees near It will not
eat much other fruit. The brown
thrasher likes to build Its home among
the grape vines and make itself useful
by keeping the insects off the leaves.
The wren, though very small, is one
of the most useful birds, as its food
consists almost entirely of insects. If
suitable places are fixed for them to
nest in, they will' stay near the house
and be of much benefit in keeping the
garden and orchard free from insect
pests. The blue' bird has not received
as kind treatment as it deserves. It
is a much better bird than most farm
ers think. I have watched it very
closely and find that it eats a great
many moths and beetles that infest
our orchard. The blue bird will build
its nest In the orchard if it can find
suitable places. A few boxes placed
In the apple tree for that purpose will
be very acceptable to the birds, and of
much benefit to the orchard, as they
destroy more Insects while rearing
their young than at any othef- tithe.
The woodpeckers are another class of
birds that are very beneficial to the
orchardist. There are several species
of them, only one. the sap sucker, be
ing harmful. The red-head can accu
rately locate a borer in an apple tree
and with Its stout bill and peculiar
tongue soon gets him out. The golden
winger woodpecker or yellow hammer
destroys many grubs and worm*
around the old stump* and defective
trees. We ahould study the habits of
our bird neighbors more than we do
and not be too quick to condemn them
when we see them taking a few her.
rles. By watching them very closely
we will find that many times they
have a right to eat a little fruit, as
they have helped to keep the Insects
from destroying It.
TO GUARD ROOSEVELT.
St. Louis, Nov. ll.—Extensive and
elaborate preparations are being made
to safeguard President Roosevelt when
he comes fo fit Louie In two week* to
visit the World’s Fair, chief of Fo
lic* Klley, and Chief of Detectives
Desmond were In conference to-hlglit
And the plan evolved prom 1 *-# tho most
SAVANNAH MORNING NEWS: MONDAY. NOVEMBER 14. 1904.
Budweiser
First in Sales
Because
Jggpfe First in Quality
100,402,500
Bottles Sold
During 1903
The Largest Sales of any Brand
of Bottled Beer
When attending the World's Greatest Fair do not fail to visit
The Anheuser-Busch Brewery
The Home of Budweiser
A- Orders Promptly Filled by -/
F. V. TRYOX. Manager Anheuser-Busch Branch, Savannah, Ga.
careful protection to, the President. In
the protection of the President, while
at the exposition every avenue will be
guarded and nothing left to chance.
russia~faFeTcrTsis~
THAT IS OF IMPORTANCE.
A New lirond and I.lbernl Movement
Seems Under Way.
St. Petersburg, Nov. 13. —Russia is
facing a great international crisis
which in the minds of intelligent Rus
sians overshadows in importance all
questions relating to foreign politics.
Anew, broad and liberal movement
seems not only under way, but gain
ing momentum daily, and the best fea
ture of it is that it is entirely divorced
from any rhdicai revolutionary pro
paganda.
Prince Sviatopolk-Mirsky, the min
ister of the Interior, has given the
movement impetus, but has done so
against the powerful Influences and be
hind the scenes a bitter struggle is
waging for imperial support. During
the coming week the first test of
strength Is likely to occur, the result of
which may mean much for the his
tory of Russia.
The policy of reaction, which had
grown steadily since the assassination
of Alexander 11, seemed to suddenly
lose Its main bulwark when Minister
Plehve fell. With the advent of Prince
Sviatopolk-Mirsky and his fi*ank appeal
for a policy of mutual confidence be
tween government and people a tre
mendous liberal rebound occurred, rais
ing perhaps unjustifiably, high hopes
and aspirations.
An American, enjoying absolute po
litical freedom, can hardly appreciate
the full significance of what the
changes that have occurred since
Prince Sviatopolk-Mirsky's inaugura
tion mean in a land of absolutism.
The Russian policy as regards Fin
land, if not reversed, has been greatly
ameliorated, and the Finnish national
diet will meet next month, Only yes
terday prominent Finlanders who were
exiled under the Plehve regime, receiv
ed permission to return to their own
country, or go abroad if they desired
to do so.
The oppressive activity of the police
throughout the empire has been large
ly relaxed, banishment by administra
tive order has been abolished, hun
dreds of political prisoners exiled to
Siberia have been recalled, the Jews
have received assurances of the dawn
ing of a brighter day; the doors have
been thrown open at two of the biggest
trials proceeding in Russia (the Schau
mann treason trial and the Jewish
trial at Cornel) and the method of
treating student demonstrations has
been radically changed.
Presuasion is being substituted for
Cossack charges. But nowhere are the
changes so marked as in the matter
of the press. After years of the strict
est censorship, Russian papers suddenly
found their voices within the last
fortnight and were remarkably plain
spoken in the discussion of Internal
affairs and especially in connection
with the furthcoming meeting of Zem
stvoe representatives.
Such an unprecedented publication
made the Russian public rub its eyes
in amazement. Prince Ouktomsky,
editor of the Viedermosti, said to the
Associated Press that never within his
memory had Russian newspapers been
allowed such liberties. Yet, these
things had been done quietly and with
out public proclamation. Asa rule,
he said, these laws had been modified.
For instance the old press law is still
banging above the heads of editors
like the sword of Damocles. The ma
chinery of repression exists, but is not
in oDcratlon.
In the meantime about the head of
Prince Svfatopolk-Mirsky has raged a
storm of opposition. All the reaction
ary elements, including the solid bu
reaucracy. have used all the weapons
at hand to undermine him. M. Poblc
donosleff. procurator of the Holy Synol,
has warned the Emperor that if rum
ors attributed to court circles are cred
ible. autocracy and orthodoxy will both
be In danger If the present movement
is not stopped promptly.
A week ago It was actually believ
ed that Prince Sviatopolk-Mirsky had
been overthrown, but subsequent de
velopments proved the contrary. Never
HOW WEAK MEN BECOME STRONG
“BY MY METHOD NO MAN IS SO OliD THAT HIS VITAL POWER CAN
NOT BE RESTORED”—*J. NEWTON HATHAWAY, M. D.
tMy appeal is to men: I make a specialty of their dis
eases and their shortcomings. I know man as the en
gineer knows his machine. I know him thoroughly in
health and in sickness. Knowing him so perfectly I
know by what means to cure him most effectively and
in the shortest possible time. I have made a special
study of it for nearly half a century, and I ought to
know. I will not only stop those drains and losses, that
impotency and annoying weakness, but I will make you
a perfect man once again, a man that can love and be
loved. No matter what your age is. in my new method
I can help you, and the young man whose secret vices
and excesses have made him a weakling when he
should be the envy and not the despised of men—l
will make that young man stop his habit and cure him
... of al * the bad already produced. But more than
thl "' ln 14,1 men 1 wt ** cure ,helr catarrh, their kidney
or stomach trouble, their rheumatism, their urinary
ana >iosc ueuanie borders and whatever else may be complicated with
;>periai!et. your disense of the nerves, the muscles and the parts.
I do not use the method of the ordinary doctor, who does as he was told
In college. I have a special method of my own, developed during nearly
half a century of continuous practice among men—the very best school—
and you can get the benefits of this special knowledge In no other way
than by applying to me. Come to me If you have any disease of the nerv
ous system, losses or drains, Impotency. Varicocele. Stricture. Hydrocele.
Prematurity, Weak Back, Urethral Discharges or any similar affliction. I
ask those who cannot call In person to write, stating In their own words
what they are suffering from, and. free of charge. I will tell them what to
do to be cured In the shortest possible time consistent with permanency.
Others may not understand your case. I will not only understand It. hut I
will tell you the truth. Hemember my specialty—all Chronic Diseases of
Mon and Women. If you live too far away to call, write me for booklet on
vour s peels I disease, which I will send you absolutely free of cost. No. 1. for
Diseases of Men: No. 2. Throat and Lung Trouble#: No. 3, Female Diseases
(new edition): No. 4. Stricture; No. 5. Varicocele; No. f, Itiood Poison (In
detail): No. 7. Kidney, Illadder and Rheumatism: No. *. Nervous Debility
snd Weskness of Men (enlarged new edition). Also write for Self-Kxamlna
tlon blank for your special disease. No. I, for Men; No. I, for Women; No.
3, for Skin Disease* No. 4 for Catarrhal Diseases; No. 3. for Piles, Rheu
mstlsm, Diseases of the Heart, Liver snd Kidneys. Write for one of thee*
books snd blanks to-day. They will show von how to be cured Whether
you call or write, the sddrtae Is J. N EWTON HATHAWAY, M, D., 36A
Bryan street. Savannah, Oa. Office hours 9 a. m. to 13 m , I to t. 7 to I
y. hi. Bunds) sl9 a. m. to 1 y. in.
theless his enemies persistently keep
reports afloat that the health of the
Minister of the interior is Wad and
that the nature of the campaign which
he is fighting is .enough to shatter the
health of a strong man.
In the character of the elements
which have rallied to his support, how
ever, lies Prince Sviatopolk-Mirsky’s
strength. They include neither radical
nor revolutionaries, but the great mass
of conservative, liberal-minded, loyal
Russians who believe that the salva
tion and progress of the empire lies
in larger liberties, but who have not
a particle of sympathy with violence
or revolution. It is fortunate, indeed,
that Prince Sviatopolk-Mirsky has not
attracted the support of the radicals,
for that would place a powerful wea
pon in the hands of his adversaries.
The enemies of the Minister of the
Interior are now moving heaven and
earth to postpone the meeting of the
presidents of the thirty-eighth provin
cial Zemstvos which is scheduled for
next Saturday, and in the present cir
cumstances some of the minister’s own
friends are counseling him to allow
a postponement until January, fearing
that too radical expression of views
in the agitation raised might furnish
too much ammunition for the opposi
tion.
M. Shipoff, president of the Moscow
Zemstvo, who will preside over
all the meetings, favors this
temporizing policy. It is even
reported that Prince Sviatopolk-
Mirsky is wavering, although his
friends declare thSat this is untrue. The
whole question will be decided by the
Emperor early in the week. Some of
the presidents Already here are excit
ed over the possibility of a postpone
ment, declaring that if the meeting
is formally postponed, it will be held
surreptitiously. Undoubtedly, post
ponement would be a crushing blow,
and create an exceedingly bad impres
sion. This is due to the fact that the
meeting Was been clothed with a sen
timental Importance hardly justified by
Its actual power's. It is purely unof
ficial, without direct authority to act;
but it is the first time of an authorized
assembling of representatives of the
Zemstvos from all over Russia. The
meeting is not intended to be of a
public character. The programme in
cludes the discussion of three points,
namely: First, the coditions which
have prevented Zemstvo activity, giv
ing wide scope for consideration of the
very questions heretofore prohibited.
Second, the organization of a central
administration of agriculture.
Third, corporation of local Zemstvo
hospitals in the case of wounded peo
ple.
Although the subjects appear vague
and indefinite, all aim at national co
operation of the Zemstvos which con
tains a suggestion of a sort of land
parliament where the wishes of the
provincial Zemstvos could be voiced.
The statement that Prince Sviato
polk-Mersky has proposed to divide the
empire Into sixteen districts from which
the Zemstvos should select representa
tives to form a central council is en
tirely without foundation. The whole
subject remains to be worked out and
If the present movement succeeds
eventually its best friends realize that
plans must crystallze gradually, as any
sudden decision which would produce
a shock might be fatal to the case.
VACCINATION’LAW
CAUSED RIOTING.
Was Almost a Revolution In. Rio De
Janeiro.
Rio de Janeiro, Nov. 13.—Opposition
to the compulsory vaccination law led
to fierce rioting to-day. The troops
repeatedly charged the mob, barricades
were erected, water and gas mains
were cut, plunging the'city into dark
ness and street cars were burned.
The demonstration had every char
acter of a revolution. The President’s
palace was strongly guarded till mid
night.
It is reported that a dozen people
were killed and that sixty were in
jured. An intermittent fusllade con
tinues.
CUT OFF BY THE STORM.
New York Has Great Troable Vitk
Wlra Service.
New York, Nov. IS.—New York is
entirely cut off from the South and
West to-night by a fierce hurricane,
accompanied by rain and snow, which
is sweeping the Atlantic coast.
Starting from Florida last night the
storm of wind and rain haa come up
the coast at almost cyclonic speed.
Early this morning it was central off
Cape Hatteras, although its ever gath
ering force was felt far to the north
ward.
Rain began falling in New York ’at
5 a. m. and early in the morning
changed to a wet snow. The wind,
which had been blowing moderately,
veered to the southeast and shortly as
sumed greater proportions. At 6 o’clock
to-night the local weather bureau not
ed a velocity of forty-two miles an
hour, which increased to forty-eight
miles at 8:30 o’clock. That speed kept
up for several hours. At 10 o’clock
the storm center was at Block Island,
where the barometer showed a pres
sure of 28.62 inches with the wind
blowing seventy-six miles an hour. At
Nantucket the barometer was a little
higher and the wind sixty miles.
Wire service out of New York is
tied up more effectually to-night than
at any other time since the blizzard
of ’BB. The Western Union and Pos
tal Telegraph Companies have no di
rect communication with cities further
South than Baltimore, and all Western
points are out off.
The Postal has been cabling some
of its most urgent messages to Cansq,
N. S.. from which point they are wired
to Montreal and thence forwarded to
Chicago over the Canadian Pacific
wires.
Shortly after noon the telegraph com
panies commenced to feel the effects
of the storm. As wire after wire went
down and city after city was lost, the
repair gangs were notified but owing
to the heavy storm it was long aft
er cfark before full force could be
mustered.
The Western Union was able to keep’
open the way to Baltimore, Philadel
phia and most places in New Jersey,
but business for other points save New
England was only accepted subject to
delay. Communication between New
York and Boston was interrupt
ed. The telegi'aph officials are un
able to state the damage until they
can communicate with the territories
affected.
Every effort is being made to-night
to make repairs so that a few wires
may be opened to the South and West
by the time business opens to-mor
row. Special trains were engaged on
most of the roads running out of Jer
sey City and Hoboken and dispatched
late this evening, laden with wire-re
pairing gangs.
Owing to the completeness of the
tie-up the men do not anticipate much
progress on repairs until daylight en
ables them to examine thoroughly the
extent of the damage. The long dis
tance telephone company also has been
badly handicapped. Many of Its wires
are down in the storm-swept area, but
as it poles follow highways rather than
railway tracks they are not as likely
to give way to washouts.
The Weather Bureau yesterday sent
out warnings advising sea captains to
remain in port over Sunday.
SPAT IN CARDINAL’S FACE.
Rome, Nov. 13.—As Cardinal Oreglia,
Dean of the. Sacred College was re
turning home to-day from the Vatican,
and while bis carriage slowed up be
cause of a congestion of traffic, a man
named Marabini, aged 20, spat in the
Cardinal’s face. The carriage stopped
and the secretary of the Cardinal and
several citizens and policemen arrested
the youth. At the police office Mara
bini explained that he had no personal
rancor against Cardinal Oreglia.
RACE PROBLEM
AND THE SOUTH.
Continued from Eighth Page.
fluence resulting from our isolation* on
account of this race?
“Anew abolition is needed. A force
able to break the shackles that bind
our every interest to this body of black
death is urgently required. The day
of deliverance is not at hand. Our
emancipation has not evoked the states
menship needed to accomplish It. The
problem is: How to get the best char
acter out of the South with the ne
gro constituting so large an element
of our population. What policy In his
treatment shall be adopted?
The Preaent Poller.
“Shall we persist in our present pol
icy of subordinating every interest to
the suppression of the negro?
“Hold on to the negro as a good type
of unskilled labor; condescend to tol
erance toward him when prejudice is
unaroused; live in constant dread of
dangerous elements in his character;
alert to punish promptly and lawless
ly when passion is excited; prompt
suppression of dissent from the prevail
ing view: these are some of the fea
tures of this policy.
“It can never meet the approbation
of heaven. It is unfair to the black.
If is unjust to the white. It does not
settle the question on rock-bottom
righteousness and is simply permanent
Insecurity. Force, not reason, nor
right, Is its method. Destroy or weak
en the force and a thousand years
from now Its dynamite will work its
legitimate ruin.
Where Some Hopes Lie.
“Some put their hopes In a gradual
emancipation. Immigration cannot in
crease the blacks. In natural increase
the white outgrow the blacks. These
two elements are expected to gradually
reduce the racial tension.
“Yes, very gradually. In the mean
time all the evil effects of white slav
ery already detailed will fasten them
selves on Southern character. When
this distant relief comes our Inferiori
ty In the world's parliament will be
fixed beyond repair.
“Deportation is advooated. Logically
the best interests of both races indorse
It. Practically It seems well nigh an
impossibility. The question still re
mains: Where can the Southern white
look for surest and speediest emanci
pation ?
Approaching the Problem.
“Had ths engineer such a problem
he would survey his territory and
adopt his plan to the natural slope of
the country. True statesmanship dic
tates a similar treatment.
"It would suggest a masterful disre
gard of the negro as a race. It would
deal with the colored men ae an indi
vidual. It would treat all other ques
tions on their merits, uncolored with
the race Issue. In other words, our
attitude toward* the negro ahould be
Fireworks, Fireworks for Christmas Traded
WINES AND LIQUORS lor CHRISTMAS TRADE
A SEND FOR PRICE LIST.
EHRLICH RRH 1 ,,, - ,1 5* 1, 5 Bay Street. West
i LllllUUn Cm DnUi, Wholesale Grocers and Liquor Dealers
THE CHASMAR KING JUppUTcKT
126-130 Bay Street, West
JOBBERS.
A.r^p R .L^PI^ t o r A^^^n,
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HIDES HIDES
rv Flint Hides ,17c [Green Salted Hides 9K
Dry Salted Hides 15c |Goat Skins... 15c to 35c each
D. KIRKLAND,
- JULIAN STREET, WEST.
Excellence
The quality that counts first and always in Furniture and
Carpets. Our reputation for handling this class of goods
has been greatly enhanced this season by our beautiful and
original line of goods. Notable among our many goods is
Rugs
IlfSy. The line is complete in sizes and colorings. HHBTTTIT
Wiltons, Axminsters, Smyrnas, Koshmir.
Lace Curtains and Portieres
In Arabians, Irish Points, Renaissance, Scrim, Swiss and
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Tapestry, Bagdad and Mercerized Portieres.
Curtain Stretchers
Adjustable Pin, ones that do not tear the curtains—convenient
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LINDSAY & MORGAN
that of the North toward the Italians,
the Russians, the Poles.
“There is such a thing as community,
as well as individual self-consciousness.
This quality in the individual produces
timidity, confusion, blunder. Its cure
Is diversion of attention from self, the
concentrating of attention on other
matters. The South possesses this
self-consciousness from concentrating
thought on the negroes. This has pro
duced morbidity. Its cure is diversion
of thought to the broader and larger
questions that are to be decided by
mankind.
For Independent Treatment.
“Treat every question independent
of the negro’s presence. Soon the at
mosphere will clear. The negro would
improve. Too much coddling on one
side and slapping on the other has
nearly addled him anyhow. The whites
would have a chance. American assim
ilation would have freer process.
"In Illustration apply the policy to
the question of suffrage. It needs re
form. It Is the foundation of our civic
life. Ignorance and corruption are a
menace to pure government and sound
administration. Whether black or
white, the franchise privilege should
be purged of these evils.
"Limit the ballot to Intelligence and
Integrity. Deny it to ignorance, pur
chasablllty or crime, whether white or
black. Give the worthy and quali
fied colored man recognition of his
manhood. Deprive corrupt negroes and
corrupt whites of their power to work
the country harm through the ballot
box.
Possibility of Black Domination.
“The possibility of negro domina
tion is suggested. It is the bug-a boo of
the demagogue. White degradation Is
much Surer under present conditions
than negro dominance under restrict
ed franchise which recognizes the
rights of the worthy black man. As
long as the race issue banks the
whites on one side of every question,
irrespective if its logical
so long will the blacks be lined in
solid phalanx on the other.
"Discuss every question on its merits.
With perfect freedom the worthy color
ed men will divide. In this way the
negro dominance will be prevented
even if numerical strength threatened
otherwise. Suppose New York should
deai with its race questions in this
sclf-conscious way. Each of its con
glomerate people would be a parcel to
Itself. Such Is not the case. Schurz
supports Parker and Schieren Roose
velt. What is true of the most intel
ligent foreigners would work similar
good to the least advanced people
treated with the same freedom from
communal self-consciousness. •
Need Wiser Dotation.
"Tired, discouraged, isolated wisdom
calls for a wiser and rrjore righteous
solution of the relation of ".the Southern
white to the balance of the world than
the present suppression policy.
KALOLA
(Crystallized Mineral Water)
Nature’s Perfect Harmless Remedy.
Cures by removing the cause of disease.
Hundreds of voluntary testimonials by home people,
among whom is numbered Mr. B. Dub, the popular pro
prietor of Screven Hou4e, this city.
Kalola restores the weak and feeble to perfect
health and vigor by giving strength and appetite.
"Take Kalola Six Days and Eat Anything You Want/'
Not equaled as a morning laxative.
Recommended by physicians and all who try it
For sale by all druggists, 50c and fl.oo.
KALOLA COMPANY,
21*23 Bay Street, West, 4 • * * * Savannah, Ga.
HOTELS AND SUMMER RESORTS.
Hotel Highlands
Ninety-first St., Near Lexington Ave.,
• NEW YORK. o
A SigKCUus Souse at Moderate Rates.
Comfort, Repose, Elegance, Economy.
Depots, theatres,
. shops, 15 minutes by
X - Broadway, Lexlng
f ton Ave. Line, Mad-
I Ison Ave. Line, Third
/gggsPswfl 1 Are. Line and Third
| Ave. Elevated Hood
£ (89th Street Station).
Beautiful Root
irriGarden and Play
HCTIM iTGtjf* Ground. Special
Ladlea’Parloreand
Boudoir, Library,
\fcsrCr. Writing nnd Smok-
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est point In City;
, , pore sir, perfect
drainage. Near Central Park. On same
street as the mansions of Camegie, Van
derbilt, Sloane, Burden and Belmont.
Cuisine noted for particular excellence.
400 Rooms; 100 bath rooms; 100 telephones.
All night elevators.
Room and Bath, |I up, dally; American
Plan,room, bath, board, $2.60 to $5.00, daily;
Room, Bath and Board, $ll.OO to $25.00, week iv;
Suites: Parlor, Bedroom and Bath at pro.
portlonately low rates.
Being conducted by the owner, not by a
lessee, very moderate rates are possible.
Writ* for City Oitide -nd Map (Gratia)
DE SOTO HOTEL, Savannah, Ga.
Open all year. Large airy rooms;
7,000 feet piazzas; 100 rooms with pri
vate bath. Telephone service in every
room. Liberal inducements _to fami
lies desiring permanent board.
WATSON & POWERS. Proprietors.
“A Georgian, every fiber of my nature
yearns for a broader and better life
for my people. Every Impulse of my
heart yearns for greater influence in
the great world's parliament for my
kinsmen according to the flesh. I pray
for some power to emancipate the
white slaves of the South.’’

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