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FARM , GARDEN AND HOUSEHOLD By S. A. COOK. Garden >ote—Deeember. There is not much in the way of sow ing seeds or planting this month ex cept in the extreme southern part of this state and in Florida. In those sections even there is comparatively little to be done for most hardy crops were started last month. Where such work was neglected or not accomplished owing to unfavora ble weather it is still in order to do it now. Spinach, onions, English peas, sal sify. asparagus are crops that can be started with every prospect of suc cess anywhere below' Savannah. Even in Middle Georgia these crops are us ually started in December and are on ly seriously damaged one year out of three or four. Of course, where the roots are used asparagus can be set out anytime from November to March, when the ground is not frozen. Where the roots can be had either from the North or South there is no better time for setting them out than during this month. Asparagus is the greatest of all veg etables and there should always be a big bed or a long row of it in every garden. It is the easiest of all veg etables to grow' after the start has been made. Once well established in good soil it endures for a number of years and the trouble of caring for it is very little. A good top dressing every other year and keeping it free from injurious weeds is all that will be necessary towards maintaining it in perfect condition. The English pea is a very hardy plant when young. It can be serious ly injured only when severe cold oc curs w'hen the plant is blooming or about to bloom. It is not well to push the cultiva tion of the crop until the severe freezes are over, but it is well to put the seed in the ground some time during this month. It is a crop, how’-' ever, that can be planted in January and February. Asa rule the earlier plantings give the best crops. On naturally good soli the best fer tilizer for the crop is a mixture of acid phosphate and potash. Fresh rank stable manure is not a proper fertilizer for English peas. It pro duces a dense foliage or vine with few peapods. The dwarf sorts will stand high manuring better than the tall or running sorts that require staking. Onion sets can be set out this month anywhere in the South below' the latitude of Atlanta. But it is well when set out this late to throw' the soil into high beds and then set the sets deep into this bed. This will insure the sets not being heaved out by hard freeze. The soil can be W'orked away from the plants after hard freezes are over. The best crops of onions are now grown from plants that are raised in seed beds during the fall and winter and then transplanted in January and February. Onions raised from "sets” are very unreliable as to bulbing. Sometimes nearly every plant will shoot to seed instead of bulbing and the crop there by ruined, but when grown from plants this does not occur. Every plant almost makes a perfect onion. The plants have no tendency to throw up seed stalks like the sets. It is a more tedious plan, but it assures a crop of perfect onions. Onions that will keep too, and this is a desideratum. The Bermuda and Italian varieties do much better in the South than the kinds grown at the North. In Southern Georgia and Florida cabbage set out in December are not seriously hurt oftener than once in three years. In the small garden it is a very simple matter to provide a mulch of straw for several hundred cabbage plants at least, and thus properly cared for and protected in due time need not be affected by the January freezes. A double handful of pine straw sprinkled over a plant and al lowed to remain on while a cold wave lasts gives complete protection from any freeze likely to occur In our lati tude. Inoculating Soil for Alfalfa—The Trne l *e of the I/egmnet, One of the most Interesting facts re cently demonstrated is that the so called burr clover can easily be used to inoculate soil for the growing of alfalfa, says the Practical Farmer. This was to be supposed, because they are both members of the same genus, the burr clover being Medicago Den tlculata, and really a sort of annua! alfalfa, for the alfalfa is Medicago Sa tiva. At the Edgecombe, N. C., farm belonging to the North Carolina Board of Agriculture, the burr clover has been found to be one of the most useful winter pasture crops and soil Improv ers, and while of little value for hay It Is the best means that can be used for the inoculation of the soil with the bacteria that live on alfalfa, for the burr-like seeds carry the bacteria with them and the alfalfa following a crop of the burr clover was found to be well Inoculated, and the soil from the burr clover patch has been used to inoculate fresh soil for alfalfa suc cessfully. We do not know how far north the burr clover may be hardy, but it is well worth trying. It suc ceeds best on a sandy soil, and the seed should be sown among corn or cotton In July or August, and then will give some grazing In the fall. The Monthly Bulletin of the North Caro lina (Department of Agriculture for July last gives q full account of the experiments that have been made with this plant and with the hairy vetch. This bulletin states that the burr clov er succeeds best on the heavier type of sandy soil with a good clay subsoil. W'hen the seed Is allowed to ripen the land will be well re-seeded for the fol lowing fall. The bulletin referred to shows a cut of a cotton crop follow ing burr clover which had been fer tilized with 200 pounds of acid phos phate and eighty pounds of katnit per acre. Another cut shows the crop of cotton following cotton with the same fertilizer that wa* applied to the clover on the other plat, with the addition of 120 pounds of cotton seed meal for nitrogen which the first plat got from the clover. The plat on which the burr clover had been grown made 1,620 pounds of seed cotton per acre, which was exactly 400 pounds more than that made on the plat receiving the com plete fertilizer. This 400 pounds of cotton sold for IIS, and deducting pick ing and excess hHUlIng there was a gain of sl6 In favor of the plat fol lowing the clover. This la exactly what we have for years been Insist ing upon, that we can gain more In the productivity of the soil through the use of the mineral forms of plant food In phosphoric netd and potaah applied to the crop that feeds the soil with nitrogen, than we can by an ap plication of a complete fertiliser to the sale crop, This Is not only true In rag.ird to the cotton crop of the Koulh. but Is equally true In regard to crops anywhere, and ahowa that the true use of commercial fertiliser* Is to in crease the growth of the crops that feed the et>k and the land at the aattta Ume, and to look to them for the sale crops. In short, the true use of fertilizers is not merely to squeeze more sale crops from the land, but to help increase the fertility. Marling in the Poultry Bnalneaa. Don't attempt to engage in poultry raising on a large scale to start with unless you have had previous expe rience, says the Southern Ruralist. Men are prone to estimate that if ten hens will produce say SSO a year, 100 hens will earn SSOO and 1.000 hens will guarantee him at least $4,000 or $5,000. This is fault less mathematics, but you will not re alize any such profits when you test the matter. Scraps from the table will feed ten fowls and no special housing will be required for this small flock. A large number of fowls (say 1,000) will re quire a considerable outlay, of money in the first instance. The interest on this money will amount to about $160.00 a year, food for chickens will cost SI,OOO and help will be another $1,200, a total of $2,360. Basing the income at exactly the same compara tive figures, realized on the ten bird flock, it will be noted that the com parative net income will exceed but little over one-half of that of the small, easily handled and inexpensive flock. It is immeasurably best to start with a breeding pen of say nine hens and a cock. Use a hundred egg incu bator and hatch all eggs the first year. This, barring accident, will in sure you a splendid flock of 400 or 500 pullets to commence on the sec ond year, besides furnishing your ta ble with a plentiful supply of tooth some broilers and absolutely reliable eggs. The second year you will have a sufficient knowledge gleaned from ac tual experience to branch out in the poultry business on a larger scale. Your original investment of say SSO should represent every dollar you put in the business. Every dime spent in excess of this amount may be classed as unnecessary and charged up to ex perience. A breeding pen of ten thorough breds and an incubator will make you a nice sum after the second year. Calculate from the figures furnished above and see if we are not easily within the bounds of reason. Remem ber that by following our suggestions that you eliminate in comparative fig uring on a flock of 500, all interest, feed, SSOO and help. $600.00, and you have thus a total expense of $l,lOO. Your 500 pullets—that you now un derstand how to handle—will produce at a low estimate an average of 15 dozen eggs each per year, which will sell for about 20 cents a dozen or $3.00, a grand total of $1,500, a net profit of $400.00, besides the $600.00 for your work. The original breeding pen has been repeating the history of the first year and your flock will enter into the third year 1,000 strong. Let us impress upon you: Don’t start on a large scale. Don't buy common dung-hill chick ens. Don't engage in the poultry busi ness at all unless you are willing to work, and watch, and wait. Tlie Work of Water. We have as yet many unsolved pro blems in agriculture, and among them is the work that water must do In the production of crops, says the Farm ers' Review. We are largely In a mist as to the amount of water needed on land to produce a certain amount of gi'ain or of fruit. The experimenters that have been at work on this problem in various parts of the country can only tell us that they are coming clos er and closer to some kind of a gen eral base. Prof. King found out that it took several hundred pounds of water to produce a pound of different kinds of gi'ain; but to produce a pound of ap ples the amount of water will be found to be very much less. Some of the most effective experiments have been made in New Mexico, at Mesilla Park. To them we are Indebted for some very valuable data as to the cost of using steam In the pumping of water, employing wood as fuel. We h*ad natu rally taken It for granted that It would not pay to use steam in pumping wa ter for irrigating land. We now know that steam Is one of the cheapest agents that can be employed in the l'alsing of water for such a purpose. But one of the important things that must be settled Is the exact work to be laid on water. If the experiments have shown anything it Is that the most profit comes when the exact amount of water required Is supplied. Every inch of unnecessary vrfater used is added expense. If a good deal too much wa ter is used the expense may be equal to the profit. So It becomesa mat ter of knowledge and the knowledge is money. The wise irrigator knows that Irrigation pays; the unwise Irri- R'ator is strongly fixed In the belief that it does not pay. This truth Is coming out In the dis covery In a good rrtany localities that less water is required than it was thought would be required for the production of a crop of any particu lar grain. In New Mexico they are about settling down to the conclusion that twenty-five inches of water ap plied throughout the growing season, from seeding to harvest, is the most profitable amount. A larger appli cation may increase the yield of wheat, but the increase is made at the ex pense of n large amount of water, and this water cost Is far greater than the value of the increase of the grain. Thus It was found that seven irrigations with five Inches of water at each Ir rigation gave 18 bushels of wheat. That was at the expenditure of 35 Inches of water over the whole area. Twen ty-five Inches of water gave 15.1 bush els. At this rate it took one and two-thirds inches of water to produce one bushel of wheat, while the extra three bushels was produced at an ex penditure of ten Inches of water or at the rate of three and a third Inches of water for each bushel of wheat. Clearly wheat would have to be very high In price to make It play to pro duce It at this cost. Another thing that it being brought out by trials with Irrigation water Is that water does not sink rapidly Into the soil. When thirty-five incres of water were applied to the wheat field none of It sank In deeper than five feet. As soon as the ground could hold It without being more than rf.it uruted It prevented It* downward movement. This is a help to the Irri gator. It prevents the leaching away of the water and It saves the fertility that may be In the soli naturally or that ha* been artificially applied. The root* of many plants. Including corn, clover and alfalfa, will go down five feet or more and so can make Ue of all the water applied. In the humid atotes the land has be<ome f.ituraled to great deptha be. cause a 111 tic water ha* been added each yer throughout the centuries. But this is not the oaa* In many re gions in the west, where the surfin'* sol! Is hundreds of feet above soil filer. In such cases the water moves down very slowly, where II |s applied In proper quantities (or crop SAVANNAH MORNING NEWS: MONDAY. DECEMBER 5. 1904 production. If it had the general tendency to move down, as most peo ple suppose, there would be no trouble from the rising of alkali; for in that case the alkali would be carried far below the roots of the crops and would stay there. But the water sinks into the dry soil for five, ten, fifteen feet or more, dissolves the alkali it finds and then begins an upward movement, being pumped up by the air. It brings up the alkali with it and in evaporating leaves the chemical as a layer on the top of the soil. The work of water is gradually being better understood a'd it will be made to perform greater tasks than have hitherto been laid on it. Nntrition of the Horse. Horses, like other animals, require a definite amount of nutrients per 1,000 pounds of live weight for mainte nance, says the Farm Journal. To this must be added an extra amount for muscular work, this amount being de pendent on the amount and intensity of the labor performed. This extra food must consist largely of energy producing components such as the starches. There should be at least one sixth as much protein as of starchy matter. The ration of the horse should con sist of both concentrated feeds and coarse fodder. Concentrates alone are too compact and if roughage alone is fed the horse cannot consume enough of it to produce the nutrition required. A horse fed on roughage Can get along all right so long as he is not required to work, but if hard work is required of him he has not the energy to per form what he is exnected to. All the whipping in the world will not force him to the performance of labor above his strength. A hard-working horse should re ceive the same w'eight of concentrated foods as of bulky foods. This rule is a general one, and is, of course, modi fied according to circumstances. For instance, it might not hold good if a large quantity of the coarse feed con sisted of very green corn, because that would be too heavy with water. In many parts of the United States we find that corn is being fed largely as the single grain ration of horses. This is true not only of the corn belt, but even of the New England states, where corn has to be imported from the West. But in the corn belt corn is fed to an extreme. The general ad vice to modify this ration by the feed ing of more oats is a good one. There is no grain that Is perhaps so useful in the feeding of horses as oats. A man that has a large supply of corn can afford to sell some of it and buy oats, no matter what the price of oats may be. Hardy Plant*. In all parts of the country an ef fort is being made to produce hardy plants, says an exchange. In some cases this hardiness consists In be ing able to withstand cold, in other parts of the country it means the ability to withstand drought, and In yet other places the ability to grow In spite of the fierce rays of the summer sun. So the men that have undertaken the task of developing hardy plants have some extremely hard problems to solve. The work Is being prosecuted along several lines. One is to select plants from hardy plants and to continue to select those that show Increased hardiness. Some progress Is being made In thlß line, but not so much as the experimenters desire. Another method is to cross a very good va riety with an Inferior one that has hardiness in an extraordinary degree. Thus the wild crab apple, which grows even north of the Canadian line In Manitoba, Is being crossed with the finer varieties of apples a thousand miles to the South. From this cross seeds are planted and then selection begins of the trees that bear the best fruit and yet show hardiness. In either case It will be observed that a hardy variety must be selected as a starting point. Already much has I been accom plished and hardy varieties of plants are being grown much further north than It was thought to be possible twenty years ago. It is difficult, how ever, to say Just what constitutes hardiness In plants, and it frequently happens that a plant that seemed to be hardy at first proves not to be hardy when given a longer trial. In a good many cases the apparent ly Increased hardiness Is due to late ness of blooming In the spring, the blossoms opening after the frosts have passed. A variety that Is late in blooming can be grown much fur ther north than one that opens early. Observations along this line give great promise of success. The Drainage Engineer. The drainage engineer is a product of modern times and as such should be encouraged. He has come not without reason, for drainage has as sumed a proportion In its relation to farm work that it has never be fore had. There are many that do not yet consider him a necessity, for they have not yet found out that a poor piece of leveling In a drain may reduce its efficiency one-half or more. A- sag may cause the stoppage of the writer by allowing sand and other drifting material V> accumulate till It covers the whole bottom and finally clogs up the passage altogether. The skillful drainage engineer prevents this by having the bed of the ditch BLOOD POISON, VARICOCELE, STRICTURE. Any man suffering from a private disease that his family doctor does not seem to understand, or which you are unwilling to mention to him, should consult the well-known authority. Dr. J. Newton Hathaway. This far-famed t specialist has given preference for years to the study of diseases of men affecting the reproductive system and the blood, and the long list of cured patients he has to his credit is conclusive proof of his genuine ability in this di rection. He is successful in curing the most difficult and long-standing cases, and you should consult him first when anything like that gets the matter with you. He seldom or never finds it necessary to resort to a surgical operation, and his advice on the quickest way to get well, and his accurate diagnosis of all cases, make it especially desirable that you seek his Judgment before going elsewhere or before deciding definitely what you will do or with whom you will treat. His success in specific m oon poison without harsh means—for Dr. Hathaway does not believe .1 NEWTON ln ,hp ÜBe of mercur y and potash, which so many doc n \tii wv % v \i n ,ors resort to In this disease — ls well known throughout ‘./ the medical profession. His Special Serum Method has Hecognized as the bopn found well nigh infallible and with It he has saved Oldest Established many a one the necessity of a trip to the Springs. He and Most Reliable will subdue the disease immediately, so that no one can Specialist. notice it; he will not detain you from your work nor In terfere with your customary habits of life, and at the same time he will bring about a quick, permanent and lasting cure. He has done this for le gions of others; he will do it for you. Go to him at once or write him, if your hair and eyebrows are falling out, If you have sores, ulcers and bolls, enlargement $f the groin, stiffness undpaln In the bones, rash or copper col ored spots. Inflamed mouth, etc., which are all Indications of blood poison, ln other vital diseases of men. such ns VARICOCELE, he has also been eminently successful. He Is now in possession of a method and a set of remedies whereby this dangerous scrotal disease, which is so important to the health of the productive organs. Is speedily cured without resort to surgical operation, ligature*, cutting, tieing or any other such rad ical method. By Dr. Hathaway’s method Inflamed and engorged veins of the scrotum are quickly subdued, the organ snd appendage Is then built up to good proportions, the vital power is increased snd the strength of the man is entirely restored. By mild means, and without any discomfort, he Is also able to cure NTUIC’M HE. which, ns all men doubtless know, Is far-reaching snd dangerous disease. Stricture Is the result of an imperfectly cured mucus discharge, which re mnined In the urethral canal, formed crust and produced obstruction, or stricture. The result Is feeble vitality and urinary disorders. The doctor can cure stricture by local applications that have dissolving action, and the cure la positively permsnent. EXAMINATION IK FREE. The doctor makes no charge to any one, at any time, for etamtnatlon, counsel and advice. Call and avail yourself of tble at any time, or drop the doctor a line on the subject. Ilia addreea la: J. NEWTON IIATHAWAV, M D . IS A. Bryan fit.. Savannah, Os office hour* la. m. to II m.; t to I, 1 to I p. m. Sundays, 10 a. rn. to 1 p. m. SKaJIIJL Ojulifi stf CTYL tia //, s -tht ittUh-ajk nMCU^JL. Oil 0/tv<L -ita C?u<, Cenrrvp.am^, on 3, perfect level and on soil that w’ill not sink in places. If he finds quick sands he knows how to deal with them. When a man has an expensive job of tile laying to do there is a temptation to save the fee of the drainage engi neer, gut this will almost never pay. In any case the man who attempts it is taking great chances with his work, and the results may not become ap parent for years. Seeding Area of Roots. The roots of most plants do their principal amount of feeding near the surface of the ground, though the same plants may send down roots to a depth of four or more feet. The deep going roots are not, however, very large feeders. It used to-be thought that their entire work was to draw up water, but this idea is evidently not founded on any good reasons. The plant needs water principally for the conveying of food and it is not prob able that it seeks water for itself ex cept in times of drought. That the bulk of the roots should be near the top of the ground is natural, as the air gets to the roots more readily there, and consequently the amount of available plant food is there greater than further down. But there is some food and some air further down, and these supply the cause for the penetration of the roots to greater depths. In the case of crimson clover most of the roots are found in the first eight inches of soil. In the next four inches only abut 8 per cent, of the total weight of the roots is found, though some of the roots penetrate many feet into the soil. There is, therefore, little in the argument that the roots of plants are constantly bringing up the fertility from great depths. Kiefler Pear Stock*. Fkir some few years past nursery men have been experimenting with the seedlings from the Kieffer pear as a stock on which to graft others. It has not been a success. The Kieffer pear is of mixed parentage, half Chinese and half, supposedly, Bartlett, or Eu ropean. It has been found that as a stock the Kieffer seedlings are good for all sorts of pears, so far as the first year or two’s growth Is con cerned, but that after the lapse of those years the European sorts dwin dle and eventually become of no ac count whatever. It Is rather surpris ing that the European kinds should start off so well and then be so dis appointing. By European kinds, such sorts as Bartlett and like varieties are referred to. For Kieffer itself and Le- Conte, Garber and varieties of the Chinese type the seedlings referred to are Just the thing. They are fast growing, making vigorous seedlings the first season, and those who grow Kieffer pears largely find them of great use. Stocks for ordinary kinds of pears are had alrfiost altogether from France, where the large pear orchards, the product of which is used in the making of perry, afford the chance of getting quantities of seeds. These seeds are mostly sown in France, but a quantity is Imported and sown by our own nurserymen. CITY BREVITIES. J. F. Brown, a negro boy, was ar rested yesterday afternoon by Mount ed Patrolman D. J. Cronin for shoot ing craps on West Broad street. Shifted Back to Wation. Lincolnton, Ga., Dec. 4.—Thomas E. Watson spoke here and at great length indulged In ridicule and abuse of Parker, Cleveland and other promi nent Democrats. After the speech four members of the Democratic Committee, who had been Populists before the recent cam paign, returned to their old allegiance and were elected Populist committee men. NEITHER SHIP CAN COME NOW COMMANDER H. S. COLDING HEARS FROM COMMANDERS OF HARTFORD AND CHATTANOOGA. Thought Ships May Be Able to Visit Savannah Some Time in Fatnrc. The Hartford Han Been Ordered to Key Went—Commander of Chntta noogn, the New Ship, Writes That Trip at This Time W'ould Not Be Practicable. Neither the Hartford nor the Chatta nooga will visit Savannah in the im mediate future, though there is still a probability of both the vessels coming later. This information was contained in two letters received yesterday morning by Commander H. S. Colding of the Naval Reserves, one of the letters being from the commander of the Hartford and the other from the commander of the Chattanooga. Both officers express regret at not being able to visit Sa vannah at once, but state they hope to be able to do so some time in the future. Following is the letter in regard to the Hartford: U. S. S. Hartford, Fortress Monroe, Va., Dec. 1, 1904.—Sir: I have to ac knowledge receipt of your polite letter of the 26th ultimo, and thank you for your interest, but I have to-day re ceived orders to proceed directly to Key West, and I shall not have the pleasure of visiting Savannah for the present. Respectfully, T E. DeW. H. Veeder, Commander, U. S. Navy, Commanding. The letter in regard to the Chatta nooga follows: U. S. S. Chattanooga, Navy Yard, New York, Dec. 2, 1904.—My Dear Sir: Your cordial invitation of Nov. 26, 1904, has just reached me. It will not be practicable for us to make the trip to Savannah at this time, but if in the near future it is possible to do so, we shall be more than pleased to come to your hospitable city. Thanking you for your polite Invi tation, I am very truly yours, Ale*. Sharp, Commander, U. S. N., Commanding. Commander Colding very much re grets the fact that the ships are un able to come at this time. He believes, however, that they may pay Savannah a visit some time in the near future. APPEALS FOR PROTECTION OF HIS CHURCH. Uev. Richard Bright’s Charge Against Lawless White Boys. Editor Morning News; Asa law abiding and orderly citizen, I would like to ask a question relative to the disregard of law and order. What would be the result If a gang of negro boys were to open, during the serv ices, the doors of the Roman Catholic Cathedral, the Jewish Synagogue, Christ Church, or any leading white church, and hoot and jeer the worship pers? During my rectorship, of more than a decade, of St. Stephens Church for negroes in this city, I have had ho greater trial to contend with than the malicious and persistent disturbance of our religious services, by vicious white boys, who congregate in the square, in front of the church. To enumerate all their lawlessness toward the congregation and myself is well nigh impossible. Recently, however, the "gang” threw stones in the church while the sexton was cleaning it, and this Sunday afternoon during religious services they opened the church door and hooted the worshippers. Now, I ask in the name of God, In the name of law and order is this right? Is it just? Years ago—not so long—a negro con gregation in this city situated in a desirable quarter, was so emotional in its devotions that the white residents in the neighborhood made a motion that the church be moved. It was promptly carried, and the church was moved. Here at Habersham and Har ris streets, is a congregation of wellbe haved, orderly negroes, whose devo tions disturb no one in the neighbor hood, whose pastor Instills into young and old the principles of law and order, And yet in face of the fact that we are orderly and lawabidlng, our serv ices are continually being disturbed and our property defaced by hoodlums. To-day to when undue emphasis and prominence are given to the slightest dlsorderliness on the part of negroes is it not heartrending to think that a congregation of well-behaved among them are subjected to such outrageous treatment by white boys whose su perior civilization ought to teach them differently. What incentive is there for a negro minister to be lawabidlng himself? What encouragement is there for him to insist that those whom he leads shall be likewise, If members of the apposite race can disturb their re ligious services, deface the church prop erty, and threaten him with bodily harm, with impunity. If wiser coun sel had not prevailed during these years that we have been (and are still being) disturbed, no one knows what might have been the consequence. One of the best windows in the church has been shattered by thees young van dals; at Christmas they make their huge bonfire in the plat In front of it, even tearing up the wooden posts put down to protect the sidewalks. How can any set of men live In peace and good will with their fellows who are determined that they shall not cele brate religiously the birth of the Na zarene; or continue to sing his praises during the year in peace? Surely there must be —indeed there are some god fearing, fearless and righteous men and women of the opposite race In the city whose consciences are not dead to truth and Justice, and who will wield their Influence in behalf of this law abiding and orderly congregation. Very respectfully. Richard Bright, Rector St. Stephens Church, Haber sham and Harris streets. Mns. MARY MAGUIRE'S FUNERAL Was Largely Attended and Floral Tribute* Were lirnutlfnl. The funeral of Mrs: Mary Maguire, mother of Supt. John E. Maguire, of the Savannah fire department, took place yesterday afternoon from her residence, No. 17 Montgomery street. Services were conducted at St. Pat rick's Church, and in the Cathedral Cemetery, where the Interment took place, by Father McCarthy. Father McCarthy paid a high trib ute to the deceased, who was a wom an of mnny virtues and a life long member of the Catholic Church. The funeral waa largely attended. Flow ers In profusion, many of them of beautiful designs, were eent by friends of the deceased and her family. The pallbearer* were Messrs. Andrew Mr- Ur ear. Michael Murphy, Jacob John son. Peter Kelly, John MtAieer and John 1. Connell y. HIDES. WAX. FURS. SKINS. Highest Market Prices Paid. A, EHRLICH & BRO., Wholesale Grocers and Liquor Dealers THE CHASMAR KING SUPPLY Co^ f 126-130 Bay Street, West JOBBERS. BATH ROOM FIXTURES. SANITA RY PLUMBING GOODS. WROUGHT IRON PIPE. FTI TINGS, etc. All sup piles tor STEAM. WATER and GAR Sole Agent, for the celebrated HU XL EY VALVES. Wool, Hides, Wax, Raw Furs and Skins. Write for Prices. D. KIRKLAND, KALOLA (Crystallized Mineral Water) Nature’s Perfect Harmless Remedy. Cures by removing the cause of disease. Hundreds of voluntary testimonials by home people, among whom is numbered Mr. B. Dub, the popular pro prietor of Screven House, this city. Kalola restores the weak and feeble to perfect health and vigor by giving strength and appetite. "TakeKalola Six Days and Eat Anything You Want." Not equaled as a morning laxative. Recommended by physicians and all who try it. For sale by all druggists, 50c and SI.OO. KALOLA COMPANY, 21-23 Bay Street, West, - - - - Savannah, Ga. MAKING A SURVEY FOR G. F. & A. RAILROAD. Corps of Engineers at Work In the Field to North of Cnthbert. Cuthbert, Ga., Dec. 4. —Assistant to the President Uzzelle of the Georgia, Florida and Alabama Railroad, with some local assistants, is above Cuth bert this week making some topo graphical surveys, preparatory to lo cating a route for the extension of this road northward from Culhbert to Columbus and Atlanta. It is expected that active work on the part of the engineering corps in locating will soon begin and construc tion follow. Chief Engineer Bonneman of this road has been detained at Carrabelle, Fla., where he has been superintending unloading a ship load of steel rails and doing some other work on the company’s wharf at that point. Assistant to Aaent Holmes. Mr. Herbert A. Bruner has been se lected to fill the position of assistant city ticket and passenger agent of the Central of Georgia Railway and Ocean Steamship Company. The position was made vacant by the resignation of Mr. P. M. Itivenbark. Mr. Bruner will enter upon the dis charge of the duties of his new posi tion within a few days. For several months he has held the position of ticket stock clerk in the office of Mr. J. C. Haile, general passenger agent of the road, and prior to that time was assistant union ticket agent at Macon. Manchester Cloth Market. Manchester, Dec. 4.—The decline in raw cotton at Liverpool had a de terrent effect on operations in the cloth market here last week. Buyers are disposed to pause a while, future wants being well provided. The India and China business transacted was on a smaller scale at generally slight con cessions. Business for minor outlet was practically confined to moderate purchases for South America. Yarns were quieter, although moderate lines were negotiated, a majority of users waiting for developments in cotton. Scruggs May Get a Job. Atlanta, Dec. 4. —It is reported that Col. W. L. Scruggs of Atlanta Is slated for a diplomatic position under Presi dent Roosevelt’s new administration. Just what it will be has not been made public. Col. Scruggs was minis ter to Venezuela under President Har rison and made a splendid record. OFFICIAL. PROPOSALS. Office of Savannah Water Works, Savannah, Ga.. Nov. 25, 1904.—Sealed proposals will be received by the Com mittee on Water Works at the office of the Savannah Water Works until 12 o'clock noon Wednesday, Dec. 14, 1904, for furnishing f. o. b. Savannah, Ga.— 1,500 feet of 12-inch Standard Cast Iron Pipe; 1,000 feet of 8-tnch Stand ard Cast Iron Pipe; 4,000 feet of 6- inch Standard Cast Iron Pipe; 4 SxSxS-tnch Tees, 5 12x12x6-lnch Tees, 1 6x6xß-lnch Tee. 1 12x12x12 Tee, 2 12-inch Ells. Bidders must state time of delivery. Committee reserves the right to reject any or all bids. En velopes must be marked "Bids for Cast Iron Pipe.” I. U. KINSEY, Supt NOTICE. City of Savannah, Office Clerk of Council, Savannah, Ga., Nov. 15, 1904. Parties desiring to retail liquor dur ing year 1905 will file their applica tions at once, so that same can be read before Council In accordance with city ordinance. J. ROBERT CREAMER. Clerk of Council. JOHN G. BUTLER Sash, Blinds, Doors, Paints, Oils, Glass, Lime, Cements, Plaster, 20 Congress Street, West. ii aoß-vmaoao'to •medjr for Onnorrtirrn.QlAtl p*rmforrhi*A, Whitns, üb •tural dts<*b*rg*, or anf ifUminutlon, irritation ov lcrtton of muioitv m*m bran** Nonat ringiet Aol4 by Dragflnt*, or a*nt In pinin wrappa* tv tspraaa. pr*pail, inf II 60 or s totflaa, STH. Circular tmml on rn*Mfc BOILER TUBES J. D. WEED A CO. OFFICIAL. 'arrearTfoT^rotod^enl City of Savannah, Office City Treas urer, Dec. 1, 1904.—The following lot3 are In arrears for ground rent, of which owners are hereby notified. C. S. HARDEE, City Treasurer. Calhoun Ward—Lot 3, 2 qrs.; west 1-5 lot 4, 2 qrs.; east % lot 42, 2 qrs. Chatham Ward—East 1-3 lot 10, 2 qrs.; west 2-3 lot 10, 2 qrs; lot 21, 2 qrs.; mid. 1-3 lot 27. 2 qrs. Columbia Ward—North V 2 lot 25, 2 qrs. Crawford Ward —North % lot 21, 2 qrs.; lot 25, 2 qrs.; lot 26, 2 qrs.; lot 27, 2 qrs.; lot 35, 2 qrs.; northwest part lot 68, 2 qrs. Elbert Ward—West part lot 24, 2 qrs.; southeast part lot 24, 2 qrs.; east 2-3 lot 29, 2 qrs. Franklin Ward—Part lot 21, 2 qrs.; lot 24, 2 qrs.; east % lot 27, 2 qrs. New Franklin Ward —West >4 lot 1, 2 qrs.; lot 2, 2 qrs.; lot 9, 2 qrs.; east % lot 14, 2 qrs. Greene Ward—Lot 7, 2 qrs.; lot 8, 2 qrs.; east % lot 11, 2 qrs.; south y, lot 16, 2 qrs.; south Vi lot 25, 2 qrs. Jackson Ward —East % lot 13, 2 qrs.; lot 27, 2 qrs.; lot 28, 2 qrs. Jasper Ward—Lot 9, 2 qrs.; west % lot 21, 2 qrs.; lot 24, 2 qrs.; lot 37, 2 qrs.; lot 43, 2 qrs.; west Vi lot 46, 2 qrs, Lafayette Ward —West Vi lot 7, 2 qrs.; lot 21, 2 qrs.; lot 22, 2 qrs.; lot 42, 2 ars. Monterey Ward—East Vi lot 18, 2 qrs. Pulaski Ward—Lot 4, 2 qrs.; lot 5, 2 qrs. Stephens Ward—Lot 16, 2 qrs. Troup Ward—West Vi lot 2, 2 qrs. Warren Ward—Lot 23, 2 qrs. Washington Ward—North 1-3 of south Vi lot 16, 2 qrs.; lot 32, 2 qrs. All persons having interest in above lots are hereby notified that if the amounts now due are not paid to the city treasurer on or before Dec. 14 Inst., I will proceed on the morning of Dec. 15 to re-enter according to law. HENRY E. DREESON, City Marshal. SALE OF STALLS IN THE MARKET City Marshal’s Office, Savannah, Ga Nov. 10, 1904.—The stalls in the market building will he offered for rent at public outcrv on WEDNES DAY, THE SEVENTH DAY OF DE CEMBER, 1904, at 10 o’clock, a. m. Parties desiring to retain their stalls and renting by the year will have the preference, but must be on hand and respond promptly. By order Committee on Market HENRY E. DREESON, City Marshal. HOTELS AND SUMMER RESORTS. Hotel Highlands Ninety-first St., Near Lexington Ave., NEW YORK. A High-Class House at Moderate Rates. Comfort, Repose, Elegance, Economy. Depots, theatres, shops, 15 minutes by , Broadway, Lexing ton Ave. Line, Mad ison Ave. Line, Third /jMgffcSjrrtbK Ave. Line and Third ABBtlljSffrfK Ave. Elevated Road Bslfi|SyiEg2Ej (89th Street Station). Beautiful Roof 'ScramnGlll*- Garden and Play * Ground. Special floors reserved for Ladies’Parlorsand Boudoir, Library, Writing and Smok ** Ing Rooms. Hlgh l—est point In City; , „ _ pure air, perfect drainage. Near Central Park. On same street as the mansions of Carnegie, Van derbilt, Sloane, Burden and Belmont. Cuisine noted for particular excellence. 4°° Rooms; 100 bath rooms; 100 telephones. All night elevators. Room end Bath, $1 op, daily; American Plan, room, bath, board. $2.50 to $5.00, dally ; Room, Bath end Board, $ll.OO to $25 00; week ly; Suites i Parlor, Bedroom and Bath at pro portionately low rates. Being conducted by the owner, not by a lessee, very moderate rates are possible. Write for City Guide and Map. (Gratia) Ml ” I” IM.II l . -,..i,u>1.. M-. Open all year. Large airy rooms; 1,000 fact planes; 100 rooms with pri vate bath. Telephone service In every room. Liberal Inducement* ta fami ne* desiring permanent board. WATOON * rOWBM. rtagrtoian.