HowTHE.R.iCiS TO " E toET Saw Affect
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The Diagram Shows How, According to Professor Turner’s Theory, the Meteor Swarm of the Leonids Strikes the Meteoric Rings of the Planet
Saturn. Portions of the Rings Are Torn Away by the Contact and Plunge into the Sun, Causing the Sun Spots. These Sun Spots Set up a Vast
Magnetic Disturbance, Which Is Communicated to Earth and Causes Great Variations of Temperature and Storms on Our Planet.
Professor Turner’s Interesting Theory of Whirling Masses
of Meteorites That Make Sun Spots and So Fill the Uni-
AN entirely new theory has
been put forward regarding
sunspots. This theory is
that they are fragments of the
rings of Saturn driven into the sun
by the meteors called Leonids.
Sunspots are of vital importance
to our existence on earth. They
reach a period of maximum growth
once in every eleven years. This
period is always accompanied by
great storms on earth and other
disturbances of the weather.
Sunspots are dark patches on the
surface of the sun of Irregular form,
but having a tendency to be round.
They vary greatly in size, but are
frequently from 50,000 to 100,000
miles in diameter.
They present an extraordinary
appearance to the astronomer view
ing them through the telescope.
Concerning the nature of the dark
central part of the spot, only
guesses can be made, but the edges
present the most fantastic appear
ance conceivable. Sometimes they
are walls of flame hundreds of miles
Jong reaching out from the surface of
As a general rule, periods of maxi
mum sunspot development are
marked by cold weather, while those
of renewed development are re
markable tor electric storms. We
are now in a period of developing
sun spots, and this would sv-conut for
the mild weather we have had for
the past several Winters. By the
same rule we should have many
electric storms during the coming
All astronomers, from Kepler to
the present day have beet entirely
at sea regarding the exacl nature
of the sunspots.
Some have rnjj<>. m<-ed them to
b? holt in the ■ t’i''- vrface caused
ir colossal ex; i :' ' om the ‘r.-
Sunday-American* examiner* Patterns 7
NO. 9834.—-LADY’S SH|RT WAIST.
The collar may be rolled open at
( the throat or closed high. The
•'sleeve may be finished with a sim
ple band or with the pointed cuff
The pattern is cut in seven sizes:
(32, 34, 36, 38, 40. 42 and 44 inches
,bust measure. It requires 2% yards
of 40-inch material for a 36-inch size.
fNO. 9842.—GIRL’S DRESS WITH
The shaped fronts outline a vest
that may be of self or contrasting
material. The s-kirt is a three-piece
. model and is joined to the waist be
■ neath the girdle.
, The pattern is cut in five sizes:
8, 10, 12, 14 and 16 years. It re
quires 3% yards of 40-inch material
for a 12-year size.
NO. 9843.—LADY’S WAIST WITH
LINING (IN HIGH OR LOW
This style was most attractively
developed in wood-brown velvet,
with brocaded satin for vest and
The pattern is suitable for silk.
t cloth, velvet, velveteen, poplin or
voile. It is cut in six sizes: 32, 34.
36, 38, 40 and 42 inches bust meas
ure. It requires 3 yards of 40-inch
material for a 36-inch size.
NO. 9820. —LADY’S TWO-PIECE
SKIRT (WITH ADDED TUNIC).
The tunic is draped over the front
a: d button trimmed. The back is
•: i.rped in a deep point and is gath
eied at its upper edge.
The pattern may be finished in
normal or raised waistline. It is cut
in five sizes: 22, 24, 26, 28 and 30
inches waist measure, and requires
4% yards of 36-inch material for a
NO. 9822.—LADY’S APRON.
This neat and easily made design
Sray Hair Restored
“WALNUTTA HAIR STAIN"
Restores Gray, fitraakcd or Bleached
Hair or Mountaohe Inatentaßoouafy.
Gives nny shade from light brown
Io black. Doso not wash or rub oft.
Trad* Contains no poisons and is not sticky
Mark nor greasy, gold by all druggists,
or wo will send you a Trial Size to"
*3c., postpaid, large ■<<«• (eight times «a much) Wc. If
your druggist don’t sell It eend direct to us. Send the
yellow wrapper from two bottle* purchased from drug
gist and we will give you a full-size bottle for nothing.
WALNUTTA CO., 2208 Clark Ave., Bt. Louis, Mo.
Send Thia Advertisement and GET FREE SAMPLE.
QUEEN GRAY HAIR RESTORER
will restore your g r ay hair to ft* youthful color
with one application. In not sticky or gr?a«v.
Two biros, WJc and 00. Kecommended and s■ •!<!
b, leading druggists and hairdressers everywhere,
t direct reecij : <f p ice (in plain wrai’-
r f, 7 QueA' ChvinicHl Co.. Dept. H.
Hi. flu io, A. 1.
terior, while others have argued
that they were places where ■ the
sun's fires were failing. The latter
hypothesis would explain why we ex
perience cold weather on earth at
the time of maximum sunspots.
This uncertainty regarding sun
spots lends great interest to the new
theory of their nature. It is put
forward by Professor Turner, of the
Royal Society of England, who fur
nishes abundant astronomical and
mathematical arguments in support
Professor Turner suggests that a
small portion of the great meteoric
swarm known as the Leonids has
become detached from the main
shower, owing to gravitational action
of Saturn on some favorable occa
sion. This subsidiary swarm travels
in an erbit which brings it period
ically into violent collision with Sa
turn. At such recurrent events, the
particles collide with the particles
constituting Saturn’s Rings (which
are In themselves nothing more
than a great meteoric swarm). In
one part of the Rings, the fragments
move with equal and opposite ve
locities, and collisions would impart
rest in both opponents, and hence
forth they must inevitably fall into
These fragments from Saturn’s
Rings appear to plunge headlong
into the solar furnace at the rate of
400 miles a second, giving rise to
the well-known phenomena of sun
spots. Chinese and other records
during the last 2.000 years substan
tiate this theory that, following a
collision between Saturn and the
meteoric swarm, there is manifested
an epoch of large and numerous
sunspots. Professor Turner adds
th-.t although the hypothesis is «up
perted by past and present, records
to consider it as finally established
• ould be premature.
Under this theory three of the
Six Attractive Stylish Designs for the Home Dressmaker—Ten Cents Each.
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* Copyright, 1914, by th<’ .Star Company. Great Britabi llighta Re.oived.
most marvellous phenomena in the
whole universe are brought into re
lation with one another. They are
the sunspots, the swarm of shooting
stars, called Leonids, and the ring
and moons of Saturn.
The Leonids are a mass of me
teorites with an orbit reaching 600,-
000,000 miles into space, that ap
proach the solar system, our earth.
Saturn and the other planets, once
in thirty-three years. It is then
that the collision with Saturn’s ring
must take place.
Saturn is surrounded by enormous
flat, luminous rings, which form one
of the greatest wonders of the heav
ens. The rings are
miles in diameter, and the average
estimate of their thickness is 75
An artist has depicted the amaz
ing sight which Saturn would pre
sent when seen from one of its ten
moons, Japetus. This moon is about
the size of our earth’s moon, but it
has the remarkable distinction of
having an atmosphere. The vari
ation of light and the formation of
clouds have been observed on Ja
petus. Proctor and other astrono
mers have argued that it is prob
ably the abode of living creatures.
What must be the consternation
of these creatures when they see
the rings of the parent planet Saturn
suddenly checked by collision with
the flight of the Leonids and then
tern away to form colossal spots on
It is possible that the inhabitants
of Japetus are water creatures bet
ter able to endure terrific disturb
ances in their atmosphere than air
dwellers can be.
In any case, it is certain that the
eyes of the inhabitants both of Sa
turn and Japetus must witness ce
lestial spectacles Infinitely more
sublime and appalling than any that
. orne within our intimate vision on
verse with Storm-
.• X <|L
' - **?•
i I '
V * /
One of the Vast Spots with Whirling - Vortex, 50,000
Miles Wide, Now Appearing on the Sun.
■ ■ - r '"X ■
. ■ .. ' ’ -
l^c -ex z v ”‘ . ..... z
How Saturn and Its Rings Appear from One of Its Ten Moons,
Japeius, Which May Contain Life.
may be fashion tl f i,:;i ,et cale,
Ctngham, chambrey, lawn, denim or
The pattern is cut In three sizes:
SnAll. medium and large. It re
quires 4 years of 36-inch material
for a medium size.
NO. 9840.—GIRL’S DRESS WITH
SHIELD AND LONG OR
The gored skirt has plaits in back
and front. The drop shoulder joins
the sleeve in wrist or elbow length.
The pattern is cut In four sizes.
8, 10, 12 and 14 years. It requires I
yards of 40-fnch material for a. 12-
SUNDAY AM ERICAN-EX AM IN ER PATTERNS.
10 CENTS EACH.
No. 9834—SizeBust. No. 9820—SizeWaiet.
No. 9842—Size Years. No. 9822—Size
No. 9843—SizeBust. No. 9840—SizeYears.
Street and Number
City and State
FP.EE Ff>’t IX MONTH> M •pecitl ofl ■
to introduce my magazine, "IbtetinM for Profit.”
It W'.i’ili Mio ;i coby io any on.- Iho ha* been
getting jgi r while till n<h richer. it demon
atmtes the rrnj .pmlng jxiwfr of mono, ami
kliow-i h i, guy one, Ilia tfer how i**/r can d<
I ‘l’ •.r P■ • • I the only
L»io,;n-*Hivr financial loi.uial pubtfalied It ihowx
how |lo<> gr 3h to 811,200 Write now, and I’ll
•••nd i» «ix ir intfia fn. II L. BAKBEIt, oat
2S Wfflt .li k< n It »ulpv;ird. Chi<a* i.
AN INTELLIGENT PERSON may earn |pJo
monthly < orre-ipmdlng f r No can
va.vi.itg Mend for ffwrticulam PILESK ttYNbl
( \fl 740 Ijj,,' f, N
I MAI»P,t *."/”««» in fit« yvant with small mail
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TRICKS. JOKES, PUZZLES.
MVGir p<H KIT TIU<‘K ant Vatalogiw for
MAGIC <”» !»••(< 3. 210 Went .".Stint,
To obtain any of these desirable,
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pon and mail with 10 cents FOR.
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Winter Catalogue, containing over'
1(8> designs of Indies’, misses' and
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tlit.HhamU in iM.slth'b Semi me examples of vour
wo;k for frtv critirlim, 01 write for t.iluuhlr I’REi;
BOOKLET uihl rr- •’ lilieral legitimat. pn>|M.si-,
tion ottered. Vlmnliite protection EM |i; y ( . ar
Ntuneromj JOHN 'I MALI, pie J
I ’-iis • ‘in '■•_ A
MA Ke M(i.N L/Y WillTl N<. SONG |•«Tfj\|s
111 write the rmmlc, copyright in mr mum pub-
IMh and |gj you r . - i.t >f 1c Mvtit
• <-v mean* thoUMB<IH Parth ulara frte. E tub
liKh.<l 25 ytars. C. I. PAIITEE, mi| Astor
Th«atre BufldinS, New York.
ui: ’■ i ‘l.-1, an I ; r 'lt . -
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