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Newspaper Page Text
THE COPPER ERA, CLIFTON, ARIZ., JUNE 1, 1899.
11 THE RICHELIEU - Clifton, Arizona L. J. DUN A.GAN, Propr. First-class Wines. Liquors and Ci gars Constantly on Hand. French Restaurant Clifton. Arlxona SAM SING A CO, Proprietors Lodging House in connection Best (lie market affords. Hot and Cold Lunches. House, Lot and Stock of Merchandise Pop Sale. A Bargain. Jim Kee, for 22 years a resident of this place, desires to sell liis mercantile busi ness on Chase Creek, Clifton . For par ticulars, cull on him on the premises. 4t iI'I'I'I'M'IIIIiIIiI'II'I'I'I'I'I'I'II'I'IO i Stevens Rifles are guaranteed to be SAFE, SOLID, ACCURATE, TFrom -the i $o.oo i-avorite " ! to our most expensive " Ideal." ! The "IDEAL" No. 44 is a tine rifle. X ONE OP OUB LEADERS, price only $10. U'e gnaraatee It in every respect. Doth- ing cheap about It but the price. Made regularly In .33. .29 and .83 cal ibre riin-flro. .21-20 STEVENS, .32-40. X .38-00 and. 41-4V center-are. IN SPECIAL SIZES, $ 12.00. Stnd xtamf or comptett Catalog and ssaMn BOOJt. J. STEVENS ARMS AND TOOL CO.,3 v P.O. Box 1381 CH1C0PEE FALLS, MASS. MI'IIMI'I'I'I'I'I'I'I'MI'I' cattle companies may be estimated from he fact that the annual shipments for the past few years have been from 3,000 to 6,000 head for each of the large com panies. The annual profits of the larger r-ompanies, after deducting the original cost of the cattle and the cost of their '"aainteuance upon the ranges, are from "575.000 to $150.000 all that from the free ranges of the government, given .11 thou t taxation or any return what Asr. To understand the situation that has txisted up to the present time it mubt rt remembered that this broad region which has been given np to the interest-! of the cattle growers has not .been in tersected by a fence, disturbed with a plow or graced with a field of grain np to a few short years ago nothing for mil 68 but short nutritious grass, which cured on the prairie, as clover in a stack, and served equally well for food in dead of winter as in the heat of summer. Forth upon this vast area every spring have been poured streams of gaunt, ill shaped, long horned and lean ribbed southern cattle. Left to roam at will, they have thriven and waxed fat, until in ' two years they have become sleek and fat and comely to the eye. During all that period they have been ac free and nntrammeled as were ever the buf falo. But at the close of the maturing period they have been rounded up, driven to railroad stock shipping pens and loaded npon the oars for a trip to market. Their places are taken by fresh importations from the south. And so, year after year, have the prooesses been repeated, until the profits that were known to have accrued from the busi ness have tempted thousands of small holders of cattle to settle in this region and engage in the beef business on a smaller scale. The presence of these smaller opera tors is the inevitable doom of the cattle kings. Their vast herds are no longer allowed to roam the ranges undisturb ed. The small ranchmen have built fences and inolosed the water holes. The prairies have been made to yield to the mowing machine, and the former free grass has come to be cut and stack ed as hay, nntil the ranges in many places are bare of feed for the herds ni the larger companies. These conditions are responsible for the closing out of the cattle princes. There is no longet room for .thjir thousands of beevea Fif teen thousand cattle, the property oi one of the larger operators, succumbed to the severity of the weather for no other reason than that the range? hud been denuded of g-rass by the numerous Entailer ranobmon. This was a warn ing that the most obstinate must heed. And so the cattlecompanies that for merly numbered their possessions by the thousands of head may now number them easier in hundreds. The small ranchman is the man npon whom the market of the future must rely for its beef. St. Paul Pioneer Press. LEANING TOWER OF PISA, On Cannot Help Being- Nervona In Look Ins From It Top. In St Nicholas, John Ward writes of "The Bell Towers of Italy. " Mr. Ward says of the most famons of them all : Pisa seems like a sleeping city, as she lies so quietly and silently along the two borders of the river Arno. She fell asleep several hundred years ago, after she had struggled valiantly for her in dependence and bad won renown during the fieroe contests between the Uuelphs (partisans' of the pope) and the Ghibel lines (partisans of the emperor). Though Pisa has long since forgotten the days of her greatness, the world oannot fur get them when it locks upon that won dreusly beautiful gtcv sf four marble whit buildings st&a&ing apart in" the saored corner the oathedral, the bap tistery, the oampo . santo (or burial ground), and, what interests us most of all, the remarkable campanile, so well known as the "leaning tower." This famous tower was built 74. Its construction is peouliar. Tkaxi is in the center a hollow brick tube or cylinder; around this plain round tower the archi tects built eight stories of open galleries, with beautiful, slender columns of white marble supporting semioiroular arches. The general effect is one of great delioaoy and lightness, a fairylika tower of wonderful grace. The summit is 1 79 feet from the ground. As yon all know, the tower leans -13 feet out of the perpendicular and looks as if it would surely fall over at any moment, but, as the center of gravity is still within its haso. i -u. u .if ) were erect. 11b rouHOatnons were proe ably imperfectly built at the start, for the tower began to lean before it was half finished, und we can see where at . one point the builders tried to bring it back as much as possible to-the vertical line by making the columns on the low side higher than the others. The walls, too, are strengthened with iron ban. Fancy the consternation of the archi tects when ' they saw their beautiful tower leaning over and its foundations sinking in the ground I It requires very steady nerves to carry us to the top, and we find ourselves clinging to the wall when we are on the leaning side.. This is what Charles Dickens says about the tower in his "Pictures From Italy:" "In the course of the asoeot to the top the inclination is not very ap parent, but at the summit it becomes