OCR Interpretation


The copper era. (Clifton, Graham County, Ariz.) 1899-1911, November 30, 1899, Image 1

Image and text provided by Arizona State Library, Archives and Public Records; Phoenix, AZ

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn89053851/1899-11-30/ed-1/seq-1/

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TilC
OFFER LM.
Issued Thursdays.
CLIFTON, ARIZONA, NOVEMBER 30, 1899.
Vol. 1; No. 33
An Unjust Ruling.
Last February when the presi
ent set aside the entire western
part of this county and parts of
Grant and Sierra counties for a for
est reservation, it was generally
understood that sheep and goats
would be excluded therefrom, but
the order for their exclusion was
not enforced until about ten days
ago and the owrers of such ani
mals had begun to believe that no
such order would be made at least
before spring ; but they were disil
lusioned in a very abrupt manner
when the notice was given them to
vacate as toon as possible. This
senseles and pernicious ruling of
the department of the interior is an
outrage and a crime. It is the
most unjust discrimination that
could possibly be inflicted upon a
community of law-abiding citizens.
There are at this time upon the
Gila river forest reservation be
tween 75,000 and 100,000 head of
sheep and goats, mostly in small
flocks owned by poor homesteaders
who have suffered all sons of inju
ry and misfortune at the hands of
hostile Indians, highwaymen and
the natural elements, who have pa
tiently and resignedly held forth
in hopes of reaping a reward for
their trials in the end, but they are
doomed to disappointment. After
risking their lives and property in
making the country worth the at
tention of the government, a de
partment of that government steps
in and deprives them of the privi
lege of the enjoyment of their hard
earned gain. As a result of this or
der fully 75 poor men, who have
only a few head of goats and sheep,
and who have little homes upon the
reservation which they have made
under most adverse circumstances,
will have to abandon and in many
cases lose outright, while they will
have to go out and seek anew for a
place to pass their few remaining
years. Socorro Chieftain.
The Chieftain is a staunch Re
publican paper. .
Winter Irrigation.
The Experimental Station of the
University of Arizona has demon
strated the practicability of winter
irrigation in the orchard. The fol
lowing are a few extracts from bul
letin number four : "The object of
the experiment was to ascertain
how much summer irrigation might
be rendered unnecessary by the ap
plication of an abundance of water
during the winter. The orchard
selected was irrigated by the fur
row system eight times from De
cember to March. The last irriga
tion, during the latter part of
March, was an especially thorough
one. As soon as the soil was thor
oughly dry, to check evaporation,
it was harrowed crosswise of the
furrows, and was cultivated twice
and plowed and harrowed once dur
ing the next three months. Dur
ing the latter part of June the or
chard was given a light irrigation,
but received no more irrigating wa
ter during the remainder of the sea
son. The conditions above ground
were very satisfactory. The treew
grew thriftily and maintained a
vigorous appearance throughout the
season. The trees were well load
ed with fruit, the peaches and ap
ricots being larger than the previ
ous year when the orchard was
irrigated frequently during the
summer. The quality of the fruit
was excellent. At the close of the
season, though having received but
one irrigation since March, all the
trees were in fine condition. The
results of this experiment indicate
the value of filling the soil during
the winter."
Recent experiments with improy-
! ed instruments for measuring the
I velocity of projectiles have shown
' X U -A 11 i -
umi iue epeeu goes on increasing
after the missile has left the mouth
of the cannon. Leaving the muz
zle with a velocity of about 147
feet in a second, a projectile has
been observed to increase its speed
to about 1,689 feet per second with
in the first six feet. It is only af
ter having traveled about twenty
five yards that the projectile's ve
locity becomes reduced to the speed
that it had on leaving the muzzle.
This is ascribed to the impulse of
the expanding gas being left for
some distance beyond the cannon's
mouth.
It is stated in eastern financial
journals that large producers of
copper in the Lake Superior region
have purposely allowed the price
of copper to decline to 17 cents for
the purpose of discouraging small
operations and mines producing on
a vtry small margin of profit, in
order that the price may be main
tained at present prices.

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