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THE COPPER ERA, CLIFTON, ARIZ., JAN. 18, 1900.
3 The Cause of The Transvaal War. In view of the fact that a great many of our own people are in the dark as to the causes that led to the war between Great Britain and the Boers in South Africa, it may be of inter est to a considerable number of our readers to reproduce the following- statement which ap peared in a recent issue of the London Truth: "The Transvaalers trekked into the desert, and they there established a Dutch Republic. We agreed not to interfere in the internal affair of the Repub lic. It was as though we had recognized a land of refuge, when Dutch laws and Dutch manners should prevail, just as in the United States there are 'reservations' where only In dians may live. But, this having- been done, gold was discov ered in the soil of the Republic. The Dutch allowed all comers to profit by it under mining laws which are admitted to be far more favorable to fhe workers than are those of some of our colonies and territories. This gxld will, it is estimated, be ex hausted in about twenty years. The Uitlander owners of mines wished to become the masters of the country by a change in the franchise law. We backed them up, and now we prate about equality of all whites in the Republic. But this equality would mean the supremacy of the Uitlanders over the Dutch. What, then, would become of the land of refuge to which the latter betook themselves in or der to remain Dutch? What would happen when the mines are exhausted ? These Uitland ers would leave the country. Our demand was therefore made to meet a mere temporary state of things. Even if the demand was just, which it was not, why should we have gone to war to convert Englishmen into Repub licans of a foreign State when they at most intended to remain there only until the golden har vest was exhausted? It is now suggested that these Boer farm ers, who had previously pre ferred the desert to our civiliza tion, had a vast plan on foot to drive us out of South Africa. One more instance of the per version of facts to which we are treated in the press and by Unionist speakers. The Trans vaal government levied taxes on the mines, and it spent the money on public works advan tageous to the permanent inter est of the country, and on ar maments rendered necessary to prevent the Uitlanders from once again, with the aid of Mr. Rhodes, subverting the govern ment. The law in England is that all gold found in the soil belong to the State, and such terms are exacted from private persons wishing to work a gold mine that the State allows a fair return to the capitalist working it. Coal and minerals, other than gold and silver, do not come under this law. They be long to the owner. He exacts for higher terms for working whem than the Transvaal gov ernment does, and the tax or royalty goes.not to the State, but to the private owner. Against this radical change they have al ways protested, and have claim ed that all in excess of a fair re turn on capital should belong to the state. Why, then, should we go to war with the Transvaal government to oblige it to renounce all claim on the metals found on its territories, for the benefit of mine owners who, notwithstanding the tax or royalty exacted, are able to secure fabulous returns on their investments?" The foregoing is the deliber ate statement of a leading Brit ist journal whose editor, Mr. Labouchjer, is a prominent mem ber of Parliament, and there is every reason to believe that it is true. It is also well to add that the cause of the war, , as re cently presented by Mr. Joseph Chamberlain, the British Colon ial Secretary, is that the Eng lishmen in the Transvaal who were attracted there by the dis covery and development of the gold and diamond fields, de manded the right to be natural ized and endowed with fhe fran chise, not as Boers, but as Eng lishmen. In other words, they demanded all the privileges of Boer citizenship without re nouncing or forfeiting their al legiance to England. In view of - the fact that they greatly outnumbered the Boers, it was obvious to President Kruger that the first use they would make of the right to vote would be to elect a government of their own and by turning the Dutch Republic into a British dependency g-obble all the gold and diamond mines, for which they have long had a consuming greed. Their demand, however, was refused, and out of this more than anything else grew the war that is now costing England so heavily in men and money. The sympathy of the civilized world is with the Boers, because it is well aware that if President Kruger had granted the British demand the Trans vall Republic would have ceased after the first election in which the British residents, the major ity of whom are adventurers, would have participated. New Orleans States. Send for rules for Self-measurment for best Cow-Boy Boot in the World. . . OI3LA.S. ROKAHR ...Cow-Boy Bootmater... El Paso. - - - Texas.