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*• ; * — r > ■« I. .V _ _ - . - ■- —— ■ ■ ---- -- ■■ - ■■ ■ — .... » tj : VOL. I. RICHMOND, VA., JANUARY 5, 1856. NO. I. ____ - ____ ___ THE OFFICE OE THE THE CENTRAL PRESBYTERIAN Lt on Main Street.live door* b*l«>w th*’ t.xcbHiige Batik, over the Store ot* H. B ildwiu, third story. Edited and puMished for an nss<K5iati'»n of gentlemen in Virginia and Xi rth Carolina, by Messrs. MOOliE, ROUE & CO. TERMS. Single copy 30 in advance, *3 if not paid within s»\ months. r. Any minister sending the names of five or more' new subscribers and remitting the sub scriptions annually in advance, shall receive a copy for himself without charge. For %*(> we will send ten copies of the paper, with an additional copj to the person uctiug as Agent. ,. Fiftv copies will be sent to ore address at the *■ 'rale of si 7a pci copy- * -1 - ADYERTISKMt.NTS. For a sq«*-» ot IS line*, one**, ...^ Fortw insertion*. . ^ For ihr-** in«*-rti'»n*. --*...*■—**•** A»d for **rry .uWqix-nt insertion. F >r ten I'nes ..r less ...-.* For o«*h «»b,oqnrRt in*erti*.o ... r A sim,|.l - Bu*’h*s*C»rd not exceeding *ixhn*-*,by the yesr.o O' A sii.irlo sqaart- hy ih»> .. “u For the Ceutr.il Presbyterian. Western Theological Seminary, ) Allegheny City, Pa., Dec r, 1855. $ Messrs. Editors:—Though I cannot pro mise you an easy life, nor pecuniary reward for vour toils, yet I congratulate you on the work, which you have undertaken. I he power of the press is a hackneyed theme. And vet no man has any adequate concep tions *of the influence of every weekly sheet in drivelling or enlarging, in refilling or debasing the human mind. 1 feel very sure that vou have some just views ot this mat ter, and will labor with zeal iu the work vou have undertaken. I wish you great and much public favor. The time, when you start your paper, is friendlv to vour views of kindness and cour tesv to all. At present no strite of an> emb.t.ered kind troubles our branch ot the church. Indeed evangelical Christians go nerallv are on good terms with each other Thus you may give free scope to the gene rous warmth, which has through life marked vour behaviour. Nor will you be withoul tokeus of friendship, which will grenth cheer vou. True, vou will hud a class ol querulous frieuds, who w ill perhaps anno\ vou with ill-timed complaints. But nevei mind them. They are neither numerous nor powerful. Many ot them will ha\ e i better miud when they leave this world ant V get to hqawvTt ^ - i . Though no great controversy in re igior is now agitating the churches, yet the time may come, even before you leave the edi torial chair, when the most virulent as saults will be made ou the citadel ol truth. The haters of the supreme divinity of our Lord Jesus Christ were never more unbending in their opposition to the foun dations of the true Christian doctrines than at present. Should any great conflict arise, I am sure the church will not in vain look to vou to quit vou like ^neu and to risk every thing for the glory of the Lord Christ and the integrity ot tin* common salvation One part of vour work will be very plea sant. 1 refer to the notice you may take of the progress of Christ’s kingdom. It is a great privilege to see the walls of Jeru salem going up. It is a great privilege ti be permitted as watchmen to point out tin first ravs of the dawning day, and to cheei God’s people with the assurance that Christ's kingdom is coming. Ml 1 • _O 1 1 VO. 'YUA It tic III Hia vw. ~ cord even short notices of the useful live: aud happy deaths ol the servants .yt ( hrist Judicious'-obituary notices are of eminew service in illustrating the power of Divint grace in each generation, formerly 1 thought less of them, but now 1 commonh read' them first. I love to see grace tri umphing in the last struggle. This feel ing has gained much on me of late, espe cially since I have telt that 1 hail lived m\ half-centurv, and that if 1 should ever live to be seventy years old, more than five se venths of my life was gone. I reallv think your friends and patrons ought to pray for you, that you may be useful in vour labors. A great work re mains to be done in our whole country. The region, where your paper will mostly cir culate, has its full share of responsibility in spreading the truth. Arouse all the churches, if possible, to do their utmost. Give no rest to vourselves or others, while any wise and practicable scheme ot usefulness among vou languishes for want ot efficient co operation. The Lord bless you and keep you, send you help from the sanctuary, and strengthen vou out of Zion, remember all your offer ings and accept your burnt sacrifices, grant vou according to your own hearts, fulfil all vour counsels, teach your hearts to war and vour fingers to tight, and fulfil all your pe titions. Yerv trtilv vours, WM. S. PLUMER. Fur th«* IVutral I'rwbvteriun. To the Pastors and Ruling Elders of Lexington Presbytery. Dear Brethren:—You are familiar with the general features of the enterprise of our church, to distribute by means of the Board of Publication, valuable religious books, among the people ot our own con gregations, and as far as practical among tbs reV cf the community In 1847 the Synod of Virginia assumed the exclusive management of this enter prise, with n its own limits. Its operations were conducted through the instrumentality • of a Synodical Committee, located at Staun ton, and by the labors of a general visiting agent. / This arrangement existed until the meet ; in^ of the Synod at Alexandria m lSo-4, I when by resolution, the several Presbyte ries were directed to take charge of the work in the same general manner in which it had been heretofore conducted by the Synod. At the last semi-annual meeting of Lexington Presbytery, we were appointed a Presbyterial Committee charged with the j supervision of the wtjrk w ithin our bounds, o'-i 1 t.‘ !■• <»ur breth ren beyond them, as w e may be able. At the late meeting of Synod, just dosed, ; the principles of the Presbyterial arrange ment were re-affirmed, and the Committees are especially enjoined to secure the active j co-operation of pastors and sessions. The history of the action of our church 1 in this matter illustrates very clearly two | important principles of Presbyterian church = government. 1. That all religious enterprises should bo conducted by the church in its organised 1 capacity, and 2. That the respective Judicatories are held immediately responsible, each for the territory over which it exercises jurisdiction. Thus the General Assembly, by means ol the Board of Publication provides for the whole church, books suitable for distribu tion, the Synod apportions the wbrk of dis tribution to its Presbyteries, and supervises them in the execution of it, and each Pres bytery, by means of its committee, address es itself to every one of the sessions within its bounds. With such an arrangement there can be no failure except from want oi i fidelity, and if there should be want ol • fidelity, it can be laid with great distinct ness at the proper door. To us as a committee, the Presbyten • has assigned our duty in a series of instruc . nous, u e unai*rai»iiu umii me rcvjunn • t» provide one or more depositories of tlu books of the Board of Publication, and o: other suitable books—to obtain, commis sion, and direct in their labors, as mam suitable Colporteurs as may be found ne cessarv—to see to the collection of the ne cessarv funds from the churches,, and espe daily, to endeavor to secure the persona . aid of pastors and elders, in the distribu . tion of books. All this in the name, am by the author^ > of the Presbytery. In pursuant** <>f these instructions, w< have established a Depository in Lexington (and will enlarge it as rapidly as practica ble) where books can be obtained by con gregations, Sabbath Schools, pastors am elders, at the Philadelphia prices. AY ( would advise each congregation to purchase a supply for itself, and let the sale and dis tribution of them be under the direction o the §e$siou. AYe have three Colporteurs in the field and we call upon every young man, who i: willing to labor for his master in this way to let us know it, and we ask for informa tion from pastors and elders, as to thewanti of particular sections ot the country. In the church plan of Systematic Benevo lence, the month of March is designated to ► taking up contributions to the Publicatioi ; cause in our Presbytery, and ot course w» • will make no application before that time t -tcix till tt lwi nir dutv to make special application to ever ■ church from which we shall not have re ceived a contribution. In the meantime, i any collections are made in advance of th* stated period, we would ask that they shouh be forwarded to us without delay. * In calling for the personal eo-operatioi of pastors and elders, we would be irnpor tunute. Dear brethren of the ministry am eldership, we alone are appointed by tie master, as official laborers. There are non* below us, and none above us. The sessioi of the feeblest congregation must-have it: pastor and elders, and the General Assem bly has on its roll, none else. Agents Colporteurs, Editors and others may bt used bv us as instrumentalities, but upoi us alone, devolves the responsibility of feed ing and ruling the Hock of God. A grea honor this is. As it is written, let them tliai rule well, be counted worthy of doublt honor. But let us not covet the honor, without the labor. The General Assembly the Synod, and the Presbytery, have each 1 distinctly referred to the individual efforts of pastors and elders, as the prominent feature in the plan, and it is for us now ti realizo its value. The plan of Presbvterial action is in suc cessful operation in the cause of education for the ministry and the cause of Domestit Missions. But the work of the Board ol Publication, is more difficult to be executed by the Presbyteries than either of these, because it is a work of more detail, and re quires therefore, more time and attention | The great fear then is, that it will not bt attended to, unless it is made the business «»f some one who is responsible for it, and is paid for doing it. I i*is difficulty can bt obviated only in one way. Every churcli session must look upon this work as a part of the regular ministration ot the Gospel and must feel bound to provide for it, at | thev do for preaching, for prayer-meetings, I for Sabbath schools, and for Bible and Catechetical instruction in their several I congregations. This does not imply thal | ‘lit distribution cf religion a books is equally important with any of the above mentioned means of grace, any more than the enume ration implies that these means themselves, are each of equal importance as compared one with another. But it does imply that there is the same obligation of duty, to pro vide for all in the manner and degree de manded by each. This idea obviously ex tends itself further. Not only ought each pastor to promote in his congregation Col portage by others, but he ought himself to act as a permanent distributor of books. He may reasonably be expected to be fa miliar with the publications of the Board, and certainly he knows better than any stranger can know, what class of books will be sea sonable in a given condition of his people. ! Especially, if be i- blessed with a revival, will he have offered to him, an opportunity of doing this work to an almost unlimited extent. At such a time, the minds of all are eager after the truth, not for entertain* mcnt, speculation, or debate, but as a guide to action; and then under the influences of j the Holy Spirit, young converts, fed upon : suitable reading, make such advances in the divine life, as are rarely attainable in less favored seasons. And let every elder, a id every earnest Christian feel that he too is called to take a personal share in this work. Almost every intelligent Christian, has in his experience, met with some book which next to the Bible, he considers to have been most promotive of his growth in grace. Let him recommend it to others. i B It may not suit all, but to some one, it may ; prove the blessing that it was to him. It is thus a fundamental idea in the plan of Presbyterial action in the premises, that S there is to be personal effort on the part of pastors, elders, and private members. And this action is to be based upon the de liberate conviction, that the distribution of religious books, is a legitimate, substantive, ami important branch of the system of mnnns l»v whu*h thn ehnrr*h snobs in win the : world to Christ. The annals of the church abound in in stances showing how much good lias been accomplished by this instrumentality, and ^ I there are ministers in our Synod, and in our own Presbytery, who are ready to testify that next in efficacy to the preaching of the Gospel bv the living voice, they have found to be in their experience, the circulation oi religious books. And this may be added, that though the sower of the seed may not L see the fruit elsewhere, yet as he casts the ' seed in liberal handfuls beside all waters, • j some is sure to drop into his own heart and bring fCrth gracious comfort there. The Book Committee of the Synod in their last Report say, “that during the seveu years of their labors, there has been contributed for this object, in the Synod, about $10,000—about 32,000 volumes have been distributed and 22,000 families visit ed. and many of them conversed and prayed ' with by their Colporteurs.” The Synod by iransierring the matter tc i the Presbyteries, show that they hope that ’ even more than this will be accomplished 1 under the new arrangement. It .shall be our prayer and our effort, to realize this hope within the bounds of Lexington Pres ’; bytery. In conclusion we would state that in en trusting this work to the Presbyteries, tin Synod had no purpose to sever itself froir 1 the Board of Publication. To this organ o: the whole church, it purposes to hold th< '; relation of contributor and co-operator. T( it, all parts of the church must look for tin ! supply of books, and from it receive muel ’ information and general aid, even when tin 1 collection of funds and the distribution o '; books, are accomplished without its direc ; intervention. Bv order of the Committee. 1 ‘ WM. S. WHITE, Chairman. - ! _ , l For the Central Presbyterian. .! We are Dead, nevertheless we Live i1 - , How general and how interesting the truth that death is indispensable to life , The plant of to day feeds upon the decom > posed elements of the plant of yesterday t and the bodies of man and beast are bui the reconstruction of materials which have often lived before. And how striking the analogy in this particular, between materia! and spiritual things. The blood of Christ is indispensable to the life of the soul and our death to sin is quite as necessary to a life of godliness. We know from experience that so long ! as a carnal desire or corrupt propensity is i predominant, the corresponding spiritual ’ desire or inclination has no existence.— ! There cannot be a particle of genuine lov€ to God, if the world be loved supremely “If any man love the world the love of the Father is not in him;” And the amount ol piety in any heart is measured by the amount : of sin which it has been able to displace. As rapidly as the anger, the wrath, the malice, the blasphemy and the filthy com munication of the natural man are put off just so rapidly may the bowels of mercies, the kindness, the humbleness of mind, the weakness and long suffering of the spiritual man be put on. Growth in grace is no< dependent upon time. A child may die ar hundred years old, while an old disciple maj j have been so engrossed with temporal tilings , as to die in infancy as to spiritual ones. The life of faith may exist during mam a long and dreary winter, but when neithei ! leaf nor flower nor fruit are visible growtli | b impossible. We grow in grace just ir proportion as the means of grace are pro perly used—so used as to stimulate that sort of vitality which draws largely from Christ; for the life of Christ is the death of sin in tk<j soul, just ns the constant tenden cy of a healthy action in a diseased limb, is to expel every foreign and corrupt por tion. In spiritual things the man who lives does nbt live, and he who does not live is alive, or as the Apostle expresses it, “1 am crucified with Christ; nevertheless I live, yet n(?t I, but Christ liveth in me.” Now if our old maji ia crucified with Christ it is in order that tlfo body of sin might be destroyed that In neeforth we should not serve sin. Indeed the great benefit which we derive from & -participation in the death of Christ 1 - body ofaiu in us is thereby suhr duetf, ami limt> bylimb it will b’e certtfihK and utterly destroyed. Now a right eye is plucked out and now a right hand is cut ofi and as that body disappears the perfect man in Christ Jesus is more and more de veloped. The idea which runs through the gospel, however, is not that, sin is something which can of itself die, but that there is in every heart a natural proneness to evil which must be destroyed. Sin shall no longer have the dominion over you. This then must be the grand ruling idea in every Christian heart. My former sell is crucified with Christ. Those views and affections which swayed me must no longer have power. I am a new creature a new creation. 1 have been planted in the like ness of Christ’s death and now am risen with Christ and seek those things which are above, where Christ sitteth on the right hand of God. \ au- it trn lvn rlnnsl trJtli f ’lvvi f/\ ilia world and to sin, we know that we shall live with him in holiness and‘heaven. Our death to the law as a rule of justification has made us alive to it ns a rule of life. Christ wised us from that legal death that we migat bring forth fruit unto God. It must be true that many who have a name to live are dead, for how shall we that arc de«d to sin live any longer therein. ___ N* C* For the Central Presbyterian. The Sunday School Successful Amid Opposition. A missionary of the American Sunday School Union who labored in a destitute count\ in Virginia tin* past summer, sends the following pleasing intelligence of suc cess whore it was least hoped for. hi.*st just occurred to me tv send you an abstract from a letter which I received in July from the superintendent of the most unpromising school, I think, which I organ ized in Virginia. It was in the very midst of the “Hard Shells,” in a place where 1 met 4he greatest opposition. It was the stronghold of that denomination in F county, and you may judge front what I have told you, that they are not weak in their endeavors to frustrate any good influence in any part of the county. But to the letter. “You were apprized of the opposition we looked for, but it was even greater than our expectations. Mr. M. (the hard shell preacher) has made it the chief object of his pulpit denunciation ever since you were here, and the attacks are still continued • with incessant violence, but we let it pass ’ altogether unnoticed, looking to the Lord I ior neip ana resung in me scripture pre mise “my grace shall be sufficient for thee.” 1 believe one school is now estab lished on a secure basis. We have forty > scholars and eight teachers, and the school increases every Sabbath. We expect to number not less than sixty by the end ot the Summer. The opposition is yielding and the children of the Hard Shells arc joining every Sabbath. We are looking for the day when Mr. M. will stand alone in his opposition to Sunday Schools, tern ■ perance and the missionary cause. We are glad, my dear brother, that you visited our neighborhood. We will remem ber vou with gratiude, and we believe your • labors in F-will be rewarded with at least one permanent school.- We are well pleased with our Library and intend to increase it from time to time as we are able. Both children and teachers manifest much interest in the school. The older people visit t,he school often and lend a helping hand. 1 believe the Lord is with us, and I do believe we shall succeed.” The writer of this letter, who has taught the district school in that neighborhood for twelve or fourteen years, and who is a very excellent member of the Methodist church, told me at the outset that there was no use in making any effort there, as he said the attempt had been frequently made without any success. Ho said unless I had some patent mode of doing that work, he was quite sure it would not be done. I told him I was the man who would try, and this school is the result of the attempt. In this letter to me he said that the school is called by its enemies, “a Yankee notion,” an i “Abolition school,” the “golden calf which Aaron made” &c. &c., to the end of the I chapter. 1 should have been slow to make 1 any effort in this place if 1 had known be forehand the character of the place, but when I found myself there I determined to drive the matter through. The result of i this experiment has satisfied me that there ■ is nothing like going right among the ene my and if you can gaiu a footing, attacking them in the midst of their strong-holds. Yours H N. B. De Quincey on Bishop Middleton. Conyers Middleton is a name that cannot be mentioned without an expression of dis gust. We sit down in perfect charity, at the same table, with sceptics in every de gree. To us, simply in his social character, and supposing him sincere, a sceptic is as agreeable as another. Anyhow he is bet ter than a craniologist, than a punster, than a St. Simonian, than a Jeremy Bentham coek, or an anti-corn-law lecturer. Wlmt signifies a name? Free-thinker he calls himself? Good—let him ‘free think’ us fast as lie can; but let him obey the ordina ry laws of good faith. No sneering in the first place, because, though it true tha; ■ tii** am»* V>o oiten imposes circumlocution. £2L upon a subject which make# 'vise men grav- , a sneer argues so much perversion of hea'rt that. it. cannot be thought uncandid to infer some corresponding perversion of intellect. Perfect sincerity never existed in a profes sional sneerer; secondly, no treachery, no betrayal of the cause which the man i> sworn and paid to support. Conyers Mid dleton held considerable preferment in tin church of England. Long after he had become an enemy to that church, (not se parately for itself, but generally as a strong form of Christianity,) lie continued to re ceive large quarterly cheques upon a bank in Lombard-street, of which the original condition had been that he should defend Christianity ‘with all his soul and With all his strength.’ Yet such was his perfidy t< this sacred engagement, that eveu his pri vate or personal feuds grew out of his capi tal feud with the Christian faith. From j the church he drew his bread; and the labor of his life was to bring the church into con tempt. He hated Bentley, he hated War 1,.. i,.,*^.i __1 ..11 alike as powerful champions of that reli gion which he himself daily betrayed; ant! A\ aterland, as the strongest of these cham pions, he hated most. But all these bye currents of malignity emptied themselvet into one vast cloaca maxima of rancorous animosity to the mere spirit, temper, ai d tendencies, of Christianity. Even in trea son there is room for courage; but Middle ton, in the manner, was as cowardly as lie was treacherous in the matter. He wished to have it whispered about that he was worse than he seemed, and that he would ; be a fort esprit of a high cast, but for the bigotry of his church. It was a fine thing, he fancied, to have the credit of infidelity without paving for a license; to sport ovei those manors without a qualification'. ‘As i scholar, meantime, he was trivial and inca pable of labor. Even the Boman nntiqui ties, political or juristic, he had studiet neither by research and erudition, nor bi meditation on their value and analogies Lastly, his English style, for which at on< time he obtained some credit through tin caprice of a fashionable critic, is such, tha by weeding away from it whatever is collo quial, you would strip it of all that is char acteristic; removing its idiomatic vulgarisms you would remove its principle of animation fftUJl lilh l.U III.KAN (MOhIO I.K. THERE IS WORK TO BE DONE. By Bet. T. T. Titus. \ There is work to be done in this world of ours, This world of sorrow and sin;— There is work fortke hands with their wonderful power* And work for the spirit within. There is work for the beggnr and work for the prince There is work for the old and the young,— The merchant with millions, the cripple with pence, The learned with pen and with tongue. The statesman, the newsboy, the preacher, Ac muse, Physicians, and printers, and all, May work with their head, or their hands, or their purs< In kitchen, or workshop, or ball! There is work in the by-wuys and nlleys at home, Where suffering and want hold their throne,— • There’s work far away ’mid the thousands who roam Where the blest lamp of life never shone! There are tears to be dried, there are wounds to be healec Earth’s wrongs and oppressions redressed, Fainthearts to be cheered, and proud brows made toyiel. And a sin-stricken world to be blessed! The fatherless babes to be nurtured and fed, And the brow of old age to be soothed, The wayward and erring to virtue be led, And the pillow of sickness be smoothed. Then rouse ye, my soul.! to thy labor away! Since life for this mission is given; Like Jesus, thy Master, while yet it is day, Work the will of thy Father iu heaven! Go forth in the morning, at noon and at night, Seek the dwelling of age and of youth;— Uproot error's weeds with the ploughshare of right, And scatter the bright seeds of truth! Bring hope to the fniuting and joy to the sad, i And Christ to the penitent soul— Fill earth with rejoicing—bid deserts be glad— Ami streams through the wilderness roll! Walnut Bottom, Pa. «___ The Niagara railroad suspension bridg< —that triumph of engineering—is now com pleted. When first projected it was de dared by no less an authority than Rober Stephenson to be impracticable. Had th< same principle of construction been appliet a few years ago, the Britannia tubula: bridge over the Straits of Men&i, iu Eng land, by Stephenson, might have been dis pensed with, and the end be accomplishet j ufc cue-third the eost> ^ Chiistma3 Tree m the 1 rimei. / _ A Virginia lady, travelling in Germany, translates and sends home a letter to the “Hamburger Correspondentcr,” from one of the German soldiers in the Crimea. It is published in the Staunton Vindicator. We extract the follow ing touching descrip tion of “a Christmas tree in the Crimea “We were disappointed about spei ding Christmas in Sebastopol; so a handful of us Germans, out of different regiments, de termined tj pass our Christmas tide in the trenches. Unfortunately only about half our number were able to join; the others were on distant guard, and could not obtain eave. We had our rendezvous behind e high embankment, and as soon as i. * ..*» quite dark, we reared our Christmas Tree —a half withered little fir—decked with little pitch torches, which we had made our selves, for wax tapers we had none, and with a few parti-coloured paper-lanterns. Close under it, each one deposited whatever morsels of the often scanty ration he had been able to spare during the past few da vs —chiefly crackers and boiled mess beef. We had hung on the tree some biscuits of better quality, in lieu of the confitures of home; but the grand treasun s were two fine apples. e had also purchased some bette cates, not to be despised in camp, for the i>enerous sum of three florins. O “So down we sat, men smitten by fortune, in those trenche s, under the Chi istmas Tree, sign of eternal peace. Officers and pi ivntes lorgot for the hour all distinction of ra. k; we were only brothers. A few Englishmen joined us, but only as spectatois. At a given signal the lights were kindled, and our fir tree shone in wonderful beauty. We fiiinwiil fur inv ntwl < vuln»/l lil'n children. But the mirth lusted only a sl-crt time, and we became very serious. Our . thoughts wandered away to our homes, and the circles of our loved ones, now pci hups lighting up the Chris/Unonc and thinkii g if us. 0, that we could have flown to tin m ! “One of our comrades here broke silei ce, and gave utterance, to what we all hud in our hearts. He was a brave, soldierly fel low, Sergeant Neumann. Inthort, inartifi cial woriis, which came from the bottom of the heart, he spoke of the past, when we were all there at home in our German fath erland. He spoke of the bloody present; he spoke of the eternal future, concerning which in our actual peril of death we all had good cause to think. ‘ But Christ our LI Lord’ said he, ‘for this cause, bet am. man, . and as oil this day became a babe, that he . might rescue us from eternal death. And [ we are here like the Shepherds, who once r on that first Christmas eve lay ns we do in the open field; and the heavenly messen gers bring to us the message of joy which they then brought to them.’ In conch-sion, the Sergeant knelt down, and said the Lord’s Prayer. “No sermon,” the letter goes on to say, (' “ever moved us so deeply, as these short and earnest words resounding through the night. In silence we clasped e;-ch other’s hands and were unable to refrain from tears. Two Turkish adjutants came by, and point ing to the tree, uttered something like dis pleasure. \\ e paid them no attention, pondering on our hard lot. Having ob tained leave to light a camp-fire, we allowed the Hr branches, now that the li«*hts were gone, to burn freely, and as we hud saved • ’ our billets all the week, it made a grand blaze. The heat was pleasant, for the night , was cold; a:.d now our banquet began and we gave healths, to sweethearts and friends. The last stick® were still glowing, when the sky suddenly became clear, and the stars above flamed like the tapers of a heavenly Christmas Tree. We joined hands in a si ■, lent ‘Good Night,’ ami sought the way to our barracks, where things look very dif ferent from under the Hr tree. From Se bastopol the cannon shots roared sullenly over our heads; and 1 have just heard, that one of the comrades, who celebrated the season with us, was on his way to quarters l’ mortally wounded by a shell. He kept his , last Christmas in the trenches.” • -— Gll is Impervious to Water.—If a coat ing* of glue or size be brushed over with a decoction of one part of powdered gall nuts in twelve of water, reduced to eight parts and strained, it becomes hard, and as solid and impervious to water as a coat of oil paint; in fact, a kind of leather is formed. Medals to Scientic Men.—The Coun j oil of the Royal Society, London, has award ed the Copley Medal this year to M. Leon Foucalt, for his various researches in Ex perimental Physics; and the two Royal Medals to Mr. John Russell lliud, for his discovery of ten Planetoids, the compmatiun of their orbits, and various other astrono mical discoveries; and to J. (). Westwood, Esq., President of the Entomological So ciety, for his various Monographs and pa » pers on Entomology. The depth to which volcanoes penetrafe t: has been approximately estim ited, upo 1 $ good data, and found njt to ex ee l se^ <\ l or eight miles; and, whils the erupted m t r tors are derived solely from materials th ib - do not exceed 25 times that of water, it - must follow that for far below the voican c 1 sources the density of the compounds miLst at least bo 75 times that of water.