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The Central Presbyterian. [volume] (Richmond, Va.) 1856-1908, January 05, 1856, Image 1

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: VOL. I. RICHMOND, VA., JANUARY 5, 1856. NO. I.
____ - ____ ___
THE OFFICE OE THE
THE CENTRAL PRESBYTERIAN
Lt on Main Street.live door* b*l«>w th*’ t.xcbHiige Batik,
over the Store ot* H. B ildwiu, third story.
Edited and puMished for an nss<K5iati'»n of gentlemen in
Virginia and Xi rth Carolina, by
Messrs. MOOliE, ROUE & CO.
TERMS.
Single copy 30 in advance, *3 if not paid
within s»\ months. r.
Any minister sending the names of five or
more' new subscribers and remitting the sub
scriptions annually in advance, shall receive
a copy for himself without charge.
For %*(> we will send ten copies of the paper,
with an additional copj to the person uctiug
as Agent. ,.
Fiftv copies will be sent to ore address at the
*■ 'rale of si 7a pci copy- * -1 -
ADYERTISKMt.NTS.
For a sq«*-» ot IS line*, one**, ...^
Fortw insertion*. . ^
For ihr-** in«*-rti'»n*. --*...*■—**•**
A»d for **rry .uWqix-nt insertion.
F >r ten I'nes ..r less ...-.*
For o«*h «»b,oqnrRt in*erti*.o ... r
A sim,|.l - Bu*’h*s*C»rd not exceeding *ixhn*-*,by the yesr.o O'
A sii.irlo sqaart- hy ih»> .. “u
For the Ceutr.il Presbyterian.
Western Theological Seminary, )
Allegheny City, Pa., Dec r, 1855. $
Messrs. Editors:—Though I cannot pro
mise you an easy life, nor pecuniary reward
for vour toils, yet I congratulate you on the
work, which you have undertaken. I he
power of the press is a hackneyed theme.
And vet no man has any adequate concep
tions *of the influence of every weekly sheet
in drivelling or enlarging, in refilling or
debasing the human mind. 1 feel very sure
that vou have some just views ot this mat
ter, and will labor with zeal iu the work
vou have undertaken. I wish you great
and much public favor.
The time, when you start your paper, is
friendlv to vour views of kindness and cour
tesv to all. At present no strite of an>
emb.t.ered kind troubles our branch ot the
church. Indeed evangelical Christians go
nerallv are on good terms with each other
Thus you may give free scope to the gene
rous warmth, which has through life marked
vour behaviour. Nor will you be withoul
tokeus of friendship, which will grenth
cheer vou. True, vou will hud a class ol
querulous frieuds, who w ill perhaps anno\
vou with ill-timed complaints. But nevei
mind them. They are neither numerous
nor powerful. Many ot them will ha\ e i
better miud when they leave this world ant
V get to hqawvTt ^ - i .
Though no great controversy in re igior
is now agitating the churches, yet the time
may come, even before you leave the edi
torial chair, when the most virulent as
saults will be made ou the citadel ol
truth. The haters of the supreme divinity
of our Lord Jesus Christ were never more
unbending in their opposition to the foun
dations of the true Christian doctrines than
at present. Should any great conflict arise,
I am sure the church will not in vain look
to vou to quit vou like ^neu and to risk
every thing for the glory of the Lord Christ
and the integrity ot tin* common salvation
One part of vour work will be very plea
sant. 1 refer to the notice you may take
of the progress of Christ’s kingdom. It is
a great privilege to see the walls of Jeru
salem going up. It is a great privilege ti
be permitted as watchmen to point out tin
first ravs of the dawning day, and to cheei
God’s people with the assurance that Christ's
kingdom is coming.
Ml 1 • _O 1 1 VO.
'YUA It tic III Hia vw. ~
cord even short notices of the useful live:
aud happy deaths ol the servants .yt ( hrist
Judicious'-obituary notices are of eminew
service in illustrating the power of Divint
grace in each generation, formerly 1
thought less of them, but now 1 commonh
read' them first. I love to see grace tri
umphing in the last struggle. This feel
ing has gained much on me of late, espe
cially since I have telt that 1 hail lived m\
half-centurv, and that if 1 should ever live
to be seventy years old, more than five se
venths of my life was gone.
I reallv think your friends and patrons
ought to pray for you, that you may be
useful in vour labors. A great work re
mains to be done in our whole country.
The region, where your paper will mostly cir
culate, has its full share of responsibility in
spreading the truth. Arouse all the churches,
if possible, to do their utmost. Give no
rest to vourselves or others, while any wise
and practicable scheme ot usefulness among
vou languishes for want ot efficient co
operation.
The Lord bless you and keep you, send
you help from the sanctuary, and strengthen
vou out of Zion, remember all your offer
ings and accept your burnt sacrifices, grant
vou according to your own hearts, fulfil all
vour counsels, teach your hearts to war and
vour fingers to tight, and fulfil all your pe
titions. Yerv trtilv vours,
WM. S. PLUMER.
Fur th«* IVutral I'rwbvteriun.
To the Pastors and Ruling Elders of
Lexington Presbytery.
Dear Brethren:—You are familiar with
the general features of the enterprise of
our church, to distribute by means of the
Board of Publication, valuable religious
books, among the people ot our own con
gregations, and as far as practical among
tbs reV cf the community
In 1847 the Synod of Virginia assumed
the exclusive management of this enter
prise, with n its own limits. Its operations
were conducted through the instrumentality
• of a Synodical Committee, located at Staun
ton, and by the labors of a general visiting
agent. /
This arrangement existed until the meet
; in^ of the Synod at Alexandria m lSo-4,
I when by resolution, the several Presbyte
ries were directed to take charge of the
work in the same general manner in which
it had been heretofore conducted by the
Synod. At the last semi-annual meeting of
Lexington Presbytery, we were appointed
a Presbyterial Committee charged with the
j supervision of the wtjrk w ithin our bounds,
o'-i 1 t.‘ !■• <»ur breth
ren beyond them, as w e may be able.
At the late meeting of Synod, just dosed,
; the principles of the Presbyterial arrange
ment were re-affirmed, and the Committees
are especially enjoined to secure the active
j co-operation of pastors and sessions.
The history of the action of our church
1 in this matter illustrates very clearly two
| important principles of Presbyterian church
= government.
1. That all religious enterprises should
bo conducted by the church in its organised
1 capacity, and
2. That the respective Judicatories are
held immediately responsible, each for the
territory over which it exercises jurisdiction.
Thus the General Assembly, by means ol
the Board of Publication provides for the
whole church, books suitable for distribu
tion, the Synod apportions the wbrk of dis
tribution to its Presbyteries, and supervises
them in the execution of it, and each Pres
bytery, by means of its committee, address
es itself to every one of the sessions within
its bounds. With such an arrangement
there can be no failure except from want oi
i fidelity, and if there should be want ol
• fidelity, it can be laid with great distinct
ness at the proper door.
To us as a committee, the Presbyten
• has assigned our duty in a series of instruc
. nous, u e unai*rai»iiu umii me rcvjunn
• t» provide one or more depositories of tlu
books of the Board of Publication, and o:
other suitable books—to obtain, commis
sion, and direct in their labors, as mam
suitable Colporteurs as may be found ne
cessarv—to see to the collection of the ne
cessarv funds from the churches,, and espe
daily, to endeavor to secure the persona
. aid of pastors and elders, in the distribu
. tion of books. All this in the name, am
by the author^ > of the Presbytery.
In pursuant** <>f these instructions, w<
have established a Depository in Lexington
(and will enlarge it as rapidly as practica
ble) where books can be obtained by con
gregations, Sabbath Schools, pastors am
elders, at the Philadelphia prices. AY (
would advise each congregation to purchase
a supply for itself, and let the sale and dis
tribution of them be under the direction o
the §e$siou.
AYe have three Colporteurs in the field
and we call upon every young man, who i:
willing to labor for his master in this way
to let us know it, and we ask for informa
tion from pastors and elders, as to thewanti
of particular sections ot the country.
In the church plan of Systematic Benevo
lence, the month of March is designated to
► taking up contributions to the Publicatioi
; cause in our Presbytery, and ot course w»
• will make no application before that time
t -tcix till tt lwi nir
dutv to make special application to ever
■ church from which we shall not have re
ceived a contribution. In the meantime, i
any collections are made in advance of th*
stated period, we would ask that they shouh
be forwarded to us without delay. *
In calling for the personal eo-operatioi
of pastors and elders, we would be irnpor
tunute. Dear brethren of the ministry am
eldership, we alone are appointed by tie
master, as official laborers. There are non*
below us, and none above us. The sessioi
of the feeblest congregation must-have it:
pastor and elders, and the General Assem
bly has on its roll, none else. Agents
Colporteurs, Editors and others may bt
used bv us as instrumentalities, but upoi
us alone, devolves the responsibility of feed
ing and ruling the Hock of God. A grea
honor this is. As it is written, let them tliai
rule well, be counted worthy of doublt
honor. But let us not covet the honor,
without the labor. The General Assembly
the Synod, and the Presbytery, have each
1 distinctly referred to the individual efforts
of pastors and elders, as the prominent
feature in the plan, and it is for us now ti
realizo its value.
The plan of Presbvterial action is in suc
cessful operation in the cause of education
for the ministry and the cause of Domestit
Missions. But the work of the Board ol
Publication, is more difficult to be executed
by the Presbyteries than either of these,
because it is a work of more detail, and re
quires therefore, more time and attention
| The great fear then is, that it will not bt
attended to, unless it is made the business
«»f some one who is responsible for it, and
is paid for doing it. I i*is difficulty can bt
obviated only in one way. Every churcli
session must look upon this work as a part
of the regular ministration ot the Gospel
and must feel bound to provide for it, at
| thev do for preaching, for prayer-meetings,
I for Sabbath schools, and for Bible and
Catechetical instruction in their several
I congregations. This does not imply thal
| ‘lit distribution cf religion a books is equally
important with any of the above mentioned
means of grace, any more than the enume
ration implies that these means themselves,
are each of equal importance as compared
one with another. But it does imply that
there is the same obligation of duty, to pro
vide for all in the manner and degree de
manded by each. This idea obviously ex
tends itself further. Not only ought each
pastor to promote in his congregation Col
portage by others, but he ought himself to
act as a permanent distributor of books.
He may reasonably be expected to be fa
miliar with the publications of the Board, and
certainly he knows better than any stranger
can know, what class of books will be sea
sonable in a given condition of his people.
! Especially, if be i- blessed with a revival,
will he have offered to him, an opportunity
of doing this work to an almost unlimited
extent. At such a time, the minds of all
are eager after the truth, not for entertain*
mcnt, speculation, or debate, but as a guide
to action; and then under the influences of
j the Holy Spirit, young converts, fed upon
: suitable reading, make such advances in
the divine life, as are rarely attainable in
less favored seasons. And let every elder,
a id every earnest Christian feel that he too
is called to take a personal share in this
work. Almost every intelligent Christian,
has in his experience, met with some book
which next to the Bible, he considers to
have been most promotive of his growth in
grace. Let him recommend it to others.
i B
It may not suit all, but to some one, it may
; prove the blessing that it was to him.
It is thus a fundamental idea in the plan
of Presbyterial action in the premises, that
S there is to be personal effort on the part
of pastors, elders, and private members.
And this action is to be based upon the de
liberate conviction, that the distribution of
religious books, is a legitimate, substantive,
ami important branch of the system of
mnnns l»v whu*h thn ehnrr*h snobs in win the
: world to Christ.
The annals of the church abound in in
stances showing how much good lias been
accomplished by this instrumentality, and
^ I there are ministers in our Synod, and in our
own Presbytery, who are ready to testify
that next in efficacy to the preaching of the
Gospel bv the living voice, they have found
to be in their experience, the circulation oi
religious books. And this may be added,
that though the sower of the seed may not
L see the fruit elsewhere, yet as he casts the
' seed in liberal handfuls beside all waters,
• j some is sure to drop into his own heart and
bring fCrth gracious comfort there.
The Book Committee of the Synod in
their last Report say, “that during the
seveu years of their labors, there has been
contributed for this object, in the Synod,
about $10,000—about 32,000 volumes have
been distributed and 22,000 families visit
ed. and many of them conversed and prayed
' with by their Colporteurs.”
The Synod by iransierring the matter tc
i the Presbyteries, show that they hope that
’ even more than this will be accomplished
1 under the new arrangement. It .shall be
our prayer and our effort, to realize this
hope within the bounds of Lexington Pres
’; bytery.
In conclusion we would state that in en
trusting this work to the Presbyteries, tin
Synod had no purpose to sever itself froir
1 the Board of Publication. To this organ o:
the whole church, it purposes to hold th<
'; relation of contributor and co-operator. T(
it, all parts of the church must look for tin
! supply of books, and from it receive muel
’ information and general aid, even when tin
1 collection of funds and the distribution o
'; books, are accomplished without its direc
; intervention.
Bv order of the Committee.
1 ‘ WM. S. WHITE, Chairman.
- ! _ ,
l For the Central Presbyterian.
.! We are Dead, nevertheless we Live
i1 -
, How general and how interesting the
truth that death is indispensable to life
, The plant of to day feeds upon the decom
> posed elements of the plant of yesterday
t and the bodies of man and beast are bui
the reconstruction of materials which have
often lived before. And how striking the
analogy in this particular, between materia!
and spiritual things. The blood of Christ
is indispensable to the life of the soul and
our death to sin is quite as necessary to a
life of godliness.
We know from experience that so long
! as a carnal desire or corrupt propensity is
i predominant, the corresponding spiritual
’ desire or inclination has no existence.—
! There cannot be a particle of genuine lov€
to God, if the world be loved supremely
“If any man love the world the love of the
Father is not in him;” And the amount ol
piety in any heart is measured by the amount
: of sin which it has been able to displace.
As rapidly as the anger, the wrath, the
malice, the blasphemy and the filthy com
munication of the natural man are put off
just so rapidly may the bowels of mercies,
the kindness, the humbleness of mind, the
weakness and long suffering of the spiritual
man be put on. Growth in grace is no<
dependent upon time. A child may die ar
hundred years old, while an old disciple maj
j have been so engrossed with temporal tilings
, as to die in infancy as to spiritual ones.
The life of faith may exist during mam
a long and dreary winter, but when neithei
! leaf nor flower nor fruit are visible growtli
| b impossible. We grow in grace just ir
proportion as the means of grace are pro
perly used—so used as to stimulate that
sort of vitality which draws largely from
Christ; for the life of Christ is the death of
sin in tk<j soul, just ns the constant tenden
cy of a healthy action in a diseased limb,
is to expel every foreign and corrupt por
tion. In spiritual things the man who lives
does nbt live, and he who does not live is
alive, or as the Apostle expresses it, “1 am
crucified with Christ; nevertheless I live, yet
n(?t I, but Christ liveth in me.” Now if our
old maji ia crucified with Christ it is in order
that tlfo body of sin might be destroyed
that In neeforth we should not serve sin.
Indeed the great benefit which we derive
from & -participation in the death of Christ
1 - body ofaiu in us is thereby suhr
duetf, ami limt> bylimb it will b’e certtfihK
and utterly destroyed. Now a right eye is
plucked out and now a right hand is cut ofi
and as that body disappears the perfect
man in Christ Jesus is more and more de
veloped.
The idea which runs through the gospel,
however, is not that, sin is something which
can of itself die, but that there is in every
heart a natural proneness to evil which must
be destroyed. Sin shall no longer have the
dominion over you.
This then must be the grand ruling idea
in every Christian heart. My former sell
is crucified with Christ. Those views and
affections which swayed me must no longer
have power. I am a new creature a new
creation. 1 have been planted in the like
ness of Christ’s death and now am risen with
Christ and seek those things which are
above, where Christ sitteth on the right
hand of God.
\ au- it trn lvn rlnnsl trJtli f ’lvvi f/\ ilia
world and to sin, we know that we shall live
with him in holiness and‘heaven. Our
death to the law as a rule of justification
has made us alive to it ns a rule of life.
Christ wised us from that legal death that
we migat bring forth fruit unto God.
It must be true that many who have a
name to live are dead, for how shall we that
arc de«d to sin live any longer therein.
___ N* C*
For the Central Presbyterian.
The Sunday School Successful Amid
Opposition.
A missionary of the American Sunday
School Union who labored in a destitute
count\ in Virginia tin* past summer, sends
the following pleasing intelligence of suc
cess whore it was least hoped for.
hi.*st just occurred to me tv send you
an abstract from a letter which I received
in July from the superintendent of the most
unpromising school, I think, which I organ
ized in Virginia. It was in the very midst
of the “Hard Shells,” in a place where 1
met 4he greatest opposition. It was the
stronghold of that denomination in F
county, and you may judge front what I have
told you, that they are not weak in their
endeavors to frustrate any good influence
in any part of the county. But to the letter.
“You were apprized of the opposition we
looked for, but it was even greater than
our expectations. Mr. M. (the hard shell
preacher) has made it the chief object of
his pulpit denunciation ever since you were
here, and the attacks are still continued
• with incessant violence, but we let it pass
’ altogether unnoticed, looking to the Lord
I ior neip ana resung in me scripture pre
mise “my grace shall be sufficient for
thee.” 1 believe one school is now estab
lished on a secure basis. We have forty
> scholars and eight teachers, and the school
increases every Sabbath. We expect to
number not less than sixty by the end ot
the Summer. The opposition is yielding
and the children of the Hard Shells arc
joining every Sabbath. We are looking
for the day when Mr. M. will stand alone
in his opposition to Sunday Schools, tern
■ perance and the missionary cause.
We are glad, my dear brother, that you
visited our neighborhood. We will remem
ber vou with gratiude, and we believe your
• labors in F-will be rewarded with
at least one permanent school.- We are
well pleased with our Library and intend to
increase it from time to time as we are able.
Both children and teachers manifest much
interest in the school. The older people
visit t,he school often and lend a helping
hand. 1 believe the Lord is with us, and
I do believe we shall succeed.”
The writer of this letter, who has taught
the district school in that neighborhood for
twelve or fourteen years, and who is a very
excellent member of the Methodist church,
told me at the outset that there was no use
in making any effort there, as he said the
attempt had been frequently made without
any success. Ho said unless I had some
patent mode of doing that work, he was
quite sure it would not be done. I told him
I was the man who would try, and this
school is the result of the attempt. In this
letter to me he said that the school is called
by its enemies, “a Yankee notion,” an
i “Abolition school,” the “golden calf which
Aaron made” &c. &c., to the end of the
I chapter. 1 should have been slow to make
1 any effort in this place if 1 had known be
forehand the character of the place, but
when I found myself there I determined to
drive the matter through. The result of
i this experiment has satisfied me that there
■ is nothing like going right among the ene
my and if you can gaiu a footing, attacking
them in the midst of their strong-holds.
Yours H N. B.
De Quincey on Bishop Middleton.
Conyers Middleton is a name that cannot
be mentioned without an expression of dis
gust. We sit down in perfect charity, at
the same table, with sceptics in every de
gree. To us, simply in his social character,
and supposing him sincere, a sceptic is as
agreeable as another. Anyhow he is bet
ter than a craniologist, than a punster, than
a St. Simonian, than a Jeremy Bentham
coek, or an anti-corn-law lecturer. Wlmt
signifies a name? Free-thinker he calls
himself? Good—let him ‘free think’ us
fast as lie can; but let him obey the ordina
ry laws of good faith. No sneering in the
first place, because, though it true tha;
■ tii** am»*
V>o oiten imposes circumlocution. £2L
upon a subject which make# 'vise men grav- ,
a sneer argues so much perversion of hea'rt
that. it. cannot be thought uncandid to infer
some corresponding perversion of intellect.
Perfect sincerity never existed in a profes
sional sneerer; secondly, no treachery, no
betrayal of the cause which the man i>
sworn and paid to support. Conyers Mid
dleton held considerable preferment in tin
church of England. Long after he had
become an enemy to that church, (not se
parately for itself, but generally as a strong
form of Christianity,) lie continued to re
ceive large quarterly cheques upon a bank
in Lombard-street, of which the original
condition had been that he should defend
Christianity ‘with all his soul and With all
his strength.’ Yet such was his perfidy t<
this sacred engagement, that eveu his pri
vate or personal feuds grew out of his capi
tal feud with the Christian faith. From
j the church he drew his bread; and the labor
of his life was to bring the church into con
tempt. He hated Bentley, he hated War
1,.. i,.,*^.i __1 ..11
alike as powerful champions of that reli
gion which he himself daily betrayed; ant!
A\ aterland, as the strongest of these cham
pions, he hated most. But all these bye
currents of malignity emptied themselvet
into one vast cloaca maxima of rancorous
animosity to the mere spirit, temper, ai d
tendencies, of Christianity. Even in trea
son there is room for courage; but Middle
ton, in the manner, was as cowardly as lie
was treacherous in the matter. He wished
to have it whispered about that he was
worse than he seemed, and that he would
; be a fort esprit of a high cast, but for the
bigotry of his church. It was a fine thing,
he fancied, to have the credit of infidelity
without paving for a license; to sport ovei
those manors without a qualification'. ‘As i
scholar, meantime, he was trivial and inca
pable of labor. Even the Boman nntiqui
ties, political or juristic, he had studiet
neither by research and erudition, nor bi
meditation on their value and analogies
Lastly, his English style, for which at on<
time he obtained some credit through tin
caprice of a fashionable critic, is such, tha
by weeding away from it whatever is collo
quial, you would strip it of all that is char
acteristic; removing its idiomatic vulgarisms
you would remove its principle of animation
fftUJl lilh l.U III.KAN (MOhIO I.K.
THERE IS WORK TO BE DONE.
By Bet. T. T. Titus.
\
There is work to be done in this world of ours,
This world of sorrow and sin;—
There is work fortke hands with their wonderful power*
And work for the spirit within.
There is work for the beggnr and work for the prince
There is work for the old and the young,—
The merchant with millions, the cripple with pence,
The learned with pen and with tongue.
The statesman, the newsboy, the preacher, Ac muse,
Physicians, and printers, and all,
May work with their head, or their hands, or their purs<
In kitchen, or workshop, or ball!
There is work in the by-wuys and nlleys at home,
Where suffering and want hold their throne,—
• There’s work far away ’mid the thousands who roam
Where the blest lamp of life never shone!
There are tears to be dried, there are wounds to be healec
Earth’s wrongs and oppressions redressed,
Fainthearts to be cheered, and proud brows made toyiel.
And a sin-stricken world to be blessed!
The fatherless babes to be nurtured and fed,
And the brow of old age to be soothed,
The wayward and erring to virtue be led,
And the pillow of sickness be smoothed.
Then rouse ye, my soul.! to thy labor away!
Since life for this mission is given;
Like Jesus, thy Master, while yet it is day,
Work the will of thy Father iu heaven!
Go forth in the morning, at noon and at night,
Seek the dwelling of age and of youth;—
Uproot error's weeds with the ploughshare of right,
And scatter the bright seeds of truth!
Bring hope to the fniuting and joy to the sad,
i And Christ to the penitent soul—
Fill earth with rejoicing—bid deserts be glad—
Ami streams through the wilderness roll!
Walnut Bottom, Pa.
«___
The Niagara railroad suspension bridg<
—that triumph of engineering—is now com
pleted. When first projected it was de
dared by no less an authority than Rober
Stephenson to be impracticable. Had th<
same principle of construction been appliet
a few years ago, the Britannia tubula:
bridge over the Straits of Men&i, iu Eng
land, by Stephenson, might have been dis
pensed with, and the end be accomplishet
j ufc cue-third the eost>
^ Chiistma3 Tree m the 1 rimei.
/ _
A Virginia lady, travelling in Germany,
translates and sends home a letter to the
“Hamburger Correspondentcr,” from one
of the German soldiers in the Crimea. It
is published in the Staunton Vindicator.
We extract the follow ing touching descrip
tion of “a Christmas tree in the Crimea
“We were disappointed about spei ding
Christmas in Sebastopol; so a handful of
us Germans, out of different regiments, de
termined tj pass our Christmas tide in the
trenches. Unfortunately only about half
our number were able to join; the others
were on distant guard, and could not obtain
eave. We had our rendezvous behind e
high embankment, and as soon as i. * ..*»
quite dark, we reared our Christmas Tree
—a half withered little fir—decked with
little pitch torches, which we had made our
selves, for wax tapers we had none, and
with a few parti-coloured paper-lanterns.
Close under it, each one deposited whatever
morsels of the often scanty ration he had
been able to spare during the past few da vs
—chiefly crackers and boiled mess beef.
We had hung on the tree some biscuits of
better quality, in lieu of the confitures of
home; but the grand treasun s were two fine
apples. e had also purchased some bette
cates, not to be despised in camp, for the
i>enerous sum of three florins.
O
“So down we sat, men smitten by fortune,
in those trenche s, under the Chi istmas Tree,
sign of eternal peace. Officers and pi ivntes
lorgot for the hour all distinction of ra. k;
we were only brothers. A few Englishmen
joined us, but only as spectatois. At a
given signal the lights were kindled, and
our fir tree shone in wonderful beauty. We
fiiinwiil fur inv ntwl < vuln»/l lil'n
children. But the mirth lusted only a sl-crt
time, and we became very serious. Our
. thoughts wandered away to our homes, and
the circles of our loved ones, now pci hups
lighting up the Chris/Unonc and thinkii g if
us. 0, that we could have flown to tin m !
“One of our comrades here broke silei ce,
and gave utterance, to what we all hud in
our hearts. He was a brave, soldierly fel
low, Sergeant Neumann. Inthort, inartifi
cial woriis, which came from the bottom of
the heart, he spoke of the past, when we
were all there at home in our German fath
erland. He spoke of the bloody present;
he spoke of the eternal future, concerning
which in our actual peril of death we all
had good cause to think. ‘ But Christ our
LI Lord’ said he, ‘for this cause, bet am. man,
. and as oil this day became a babe, that he
. might rescue us from eternal death. And
[ we are here like the Shepherds, who once
r on that first Christmas eve lay ns we do in
the open field; and the heavenly messen
gers bring to us the message of joy which
they then brought to them.’ In conch-sion,
the Sergeant knelt down, and said the
Lord’s Prayer.
“No sermon,” the letter goes on to say,
(' “ever moved us so deeply, as these short
and earnest words resounding through the
night. In silence we clasped e;-ch other’s
hands and were unable to refrain from tears.
Two Turkish adjutants came by, and point
ing to the tree, uttered something like dis
pleasure. \\ e paid them no attention,
pondering on our hard lot. Having ob
tained leave to light a camp-fire, we allowed
the Hr branches, now that the li«*hts were
gone, to burn freely, and as we hud saved •
’ our billets all the week, it made a grand
blaze. The heat was pleasant, for the night
, was cold; a:.d now our banquet began and
we gave healths, to sweethearts and friends.
The last stick® were still glowing, when the
sky suddenly became clear, and the stars
above flamed like the tapers of a heavenly
Christmas Tree. We joined hands in a si
■, lent ‘Good Night,’ ami sought the way to
our barracks, where things look very dif
ferent from under the Hr tree. From Se
bastopol the cannon shots roared sullenly
over our heads; and 1 have just heard, that
one of the comrades, who celebrated the
season with us, was on his way to quarters
l’ mortally wounded by a shell. He kept his
, last Christmas in the trenches.”
• -—
Gll is Impervious to Water.—If a coat
ing* of glue or size be brushed over with a
decoction of one part of powdered gall nuts
in twelve of water, reduced to eight parts
and strained, it becomes hard, and as solid
and impervious to water as a coat of oil
paint; in fact, a kind of leather is formed.
Medals to Scientic Men.—The Coun
j oil of the Royal Society, London, has award
ed the Copley Medal this year to M. Leon
Foucalt, for his various researches in Ex
perimental Physics; and the two Royal
Medals to Mr. John Russell lliud, for his
discovery of ten Planetoids, the compmatiun
of their orbits, and various other astrono
mical discoveries; and to J. (). Westwood,
Esq., President of the Entomological So
ciety, for his various Monographs and pa
» pers on Entomology.
The depth to which volcanoes penetrafe
t: has been approximately estim ited, upo 1
$ good data, and found njt to ex ee l se^ <\
l or eight miles; and, whils the erupted m t
r tors are derived solely from materials th ib
- do not exceed 25 times that of water, it
- must follow that for far below the voican c
1 sources the density of the compounds miLst
at least bo 75 times that of water.

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