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'ENEIIIT ill HAVE
TO PAÎTRE PRICE ASSERTSPRESIDENT J I [ Wilton Tells U. S. Aims in New ! ! York Address. M j ! of "NO COMPROMISE WITH FOE" : Executive Says Pcaea la Net a Quas- | tien ef Cesnln* te Terme "Fer We I Cannet Cem. ts Terms With n of a J Them" a» "They Have Made It Impeeslble." New York, Sept. SO,—President Wtl* am, before an Immense audience In the Metropolitan opera house here Friday ulght delivered the woet »mash 1er war address of hl» career. In word» (bat tingled with the spirit of A mi#-ii*-m in the great atniggle. the i presrideat reiterated the purpose, for whtch the civilised world I» ftghllB« Is The president showed hl» faith la ' nation by devoting only a few j He de • It plala that th« only pear« -«insider la th* peace of vtc ai.4 ma we can lory. the the Liberty loan the country would ! « , word* to dared he knew fin ita pari. He spoke lo a wildly enthuslaatic audience, which Id him know hi* con fidence would not he misplaced. Tant «f Address. The president spoke In part aa fol lows : am ant here to promote the loan. That will he done •—wlily and enthusiastically done—by the hundreds of thousands of loyal and tlrelwoa men and women who have na "My Fellow Pit I ten* : dertaken to present It te you and tn our fellow citizens throughout the country, and I have not the least doubt of their complete success, for I know their spirit sad the spirit of the coun try. "No man or woman who has really taken In what this war means can hes itate to give to tbs very limit of wbat they have. ''And It I» my mission here to try to ms lie clear once more what the war really mean* You will need no other attmnlaUon. "We accepted the 1«»ue* of the war as farts, not as any group ef men either tn them, and we can accept so outcome which does not sqnarely meet and net tle them. or elsewhere had defined The War's Issues. "Th«*e Issues are these: "Khali the military power of any aa Man or group of nations be suffered to determine the fortunes of peoples ever whom they have no right to rule ex cept the right of force? "Khali strong nations he frea to weak nation« and make them to their purpose and interest? t '•Khali people he ruled and dominât I ed. even tn their own internat affairs, hy arbitrary and Irresponsible force, r own will and choice? here be a common standard md privilege for all peoples and nations or «bail the strong do a* they will and the weak suffer without redress ? •tie r I,. .»il t <tf all the «»seriioa of right he hap ual alliance or shall concert to oblige bum rights? "No man. no group of men. chose these to be the Issue* of the struggle. They are the I »sue* of it, and they eUled by n*i arrangement or te or adjustment of Interest*. hazard sail by th >n th observa a* ât be », mui but de tely and *>n< * fyr all and with a full and unequivocal accept »or* of that th# interest of the the pi Is as sacred as the iatereat ef the Enemy Without Honor. • hat we uiean whea we kla to »f a permanent peace. If we stu<-#reiy. latelllfeatly, and with a real knew ledge and heaakMi of the matter we deal with. "We are all agreed that '.her# a be a# peace obtained by any kind of bargain or compromlae with the gevernmeato of tho ceatral em I becaooo we have dealt with already sad have io#a them eats that were party la this straggle, at Erest-Litovsk and Barbara«!. teak coaipr* pti tl drei with »(her gover "They h#ve convinced us that they are wathont honor and do not lotead Jostle*. They o bse rve coveoaata, necopt no principle but force and tlieir ews Internet* Impoooibt« to Com* to Term«. "We cannot 'com# to t< IS' with them. They have made It impeaalbie. "The Getomn people must hy this time be fuliy «ware that w# rannet accept the word of those whe forced this war upon us. We de not think the same thadghu or «peak tha same language of agreement "It is ef i-apltal imports««-# that w« shea Id b* expJirttly agreed that no pew**- shall he «btaloed by any kiad of ««un premise or abatement of the prinrlplrs we hav# avowed «s the prio for which we «re Gebt tag. There should exist no doubt shout That. 1 siu. therefore, going to tz k>< the liberty of speaking with the ut tiozet fraukne** about the practical plications thut are involved In It. Fes Must Pay the Price, "if it be iu deed and la- ti nth the «romtiHCl object of tlie govennn-m* wauws-iated against Germany at«d of tlie nation* v, bom they govern, a* i ktUttt it hz be, to achieve by the com dpi«-* tin In* settlement* a seour# and tasting peace, It will be necessary that all who alt down at tha peace table »hall come ready and willing to pay the j price, the only price, that will pro- \ cure It, and ready and willing alao to ; create in aoi Instrumentality by which It can !>« certain that the agreement» of the pence will be honored and fulfilled. "That price 1» impartial Justice In every item of settlement, no matter Interest ia crossed ; not only '«m*rtia! justice. hut also the «•»i* faction of the several people* whose virile fashion the only who fortunes are dealt with. That India pensable instrumentality la a league of nation» formed under covenants »hat win b« em.«,-tou». "Without such tuntniinentallty, by which the peace of the world car be guaranteed, peace will rest In part upon the word of outlaws and only n **' n wor<l - Kor ° ermany t have to redeem her character, not on'y by what happens at the peace table but what follows. "And. as I see It. the constitution of that league of nations and tha clear definition of Ita objects must be a part, ia in a sense the most essen tial part, of the peace settlement It self. formed now, it would be merely a new If It cannot be formed now. alliance confined to the nations a»*o *>»»«• ■*•*»■< • common enemy. R Is not likely that It could be formed after that settlement. "It la necessary to guarantee the peace, and the peace canuot he gum anteed a* an afterthought. The rea »on, to »peak In plain terroa again, why it uiu»t be guaranteed I» that tber« will be parti«» to th« pen* - « who»« promise» have proved untrust worthy, and means must be found IB connection with the peace aettletnent , Itself th remove that source of lnse rurity, "It would be folly to leave the guar antee to the subséquent voluntary ac tion of the government we have »een destroy KuNsla and deceive Roumaula. Particulars of Tsrma. "These, then art* *ome of the par ticulars, and I state (hem with the greater confidence because I can state them authoritatively as representing this government's Interpretation of Its own duty with regard to peace; "FIR8T — Th# Impartial justice meted out must Involve no discrimina tion between thoee to whom we wish to be Ju»t end those to whom we do not wish to be Juat. It must be a Jus tice (hat plays no favorites and knows no standard but the equal right» of the several peoples. "SECOND—No specie! or separat# Interest of any single kattoa er any group of nations can bo made th* basis of any part of the settlement which I» not consistent with th# com mon Interest of all. "THIRD--There ean be no leagues or atlianeoe or special covenants and understandings within the general and common family of the league of na tion«. "FOURTH--And more »peclflcally. there can he no special, »elfish, eco nomic combination wlthli. the league and no employ in* nt of any force of economic boycott for exclusion except a« the power of economic penalty by exclusion from tho markets of the world may be vested tn the tesgue of natioes Itself as a means of discipline and control. "FIFTH—All International agree ments and trestle* of »very kind must be made knowu In tlieir entirety to the rest of th# world. "Kpeclal slllaiu-es and econmlc riv alries and hostilities have been the prolific sources In the modern world of lhe plan* nnd passions that pro duce war. It would be an Insincere as well as Insecure peace that did not exclude them In definite and binding terms. "NnUoual purposes have fallen mors and more Into the background and the common purpose of enlightened maa ktnd ha* taken thetr place. "Blatn workaday people have de manded almost every time they came together, aud are etlll demanding, that the leaders of their government« de clare to them plainly what It I» —ex actly what it le— that they are seek ing la this war sad what they think the Items of ths filial settlement should I *eein what they ask for only In stateomeo's tonao—anly la tho term* of territorial srr«ng«uu*nts sad the dtvlriens of power and oat la term* of broad vision, juatlce and mercy and peace and the sattsfaettoa of theae deep seated long >ngs of oppressed and distracted men aud women and enslaved people» that seem te them the only things wertb flybttng a war for that engulfs ths world be. "They are not yet tat tailed with whai they have been told. They «till to fear that they are getting "But I. for one. am glad to attempt the an#wer again and again In the hope that I may make It clearer that my ou# thought I» to satisfy those who •trnggl# tn th# rank* and ara. per lisps shov# ail «Kbere #ntltl«d to a reply whose meaning ne one ran hav# any excuae for misunderstanding, If h# no 4 , ralands the language tn which It is *l*ok«n or ran get aotne one to trans late it correctly into his own. " 'Peace «irtv«M«' can be «*(T*cttv#ty utilised and ailenced only by showing list every victory of »he nation« asso ciated against Germany brings the na tions nearer the aort of pea**e which will bring security and reassurance to ed peoples and make the recurrence of ;h**r straggle of pitiless force snd idshed forever Impossible and that nothing else ran. "Germany I* ranstautlv intimating will sreepf ; and al >rl«l does not terms. It w1«hra the fliml trt empli of Justice and fair dealing." of i a no the ti finit* that the %T| AUSTRIA TO MAKE » RID FOR PERCE WITH THE AID OF HOLLAND, ' WILL INVITE BELLIGERENTS TO PEACE CONFERENCE. • Austrian Stateaman Writing Mamorarv dum Betting Forth Hia Country's Conception of President Wil. eon's Peace Principles. as tic In be of Irandou.—Austria-Hungary, with the aid of Holland, hu» taken steps to In vite all belligerent» to an immediate lienee conference at Tlie Hague, tha Amsterdam correspondent of tlie Daily express learns. Simultaneously, the Austro-Hungar ian government lias opened u new peace offensive. Herr lluinmascti, who is said to he stated to succeed Baron von Husanrek as Austrian pre mier, I» writing u memorandum setting forth Austria-Hungary'» conception of Bresldent Wtlsou's fourteen peace principles. The memorandum is to bo «ent to the American executive, the .•nrrespondent learns. In Germany, the Socialist pressure »n the government to Initiate a peu«-« move at once continues. Vorwaerts, the official Gerniun Socialist organ Jrges the party to enter the new cabi net headed by Brlnce Max of Baden, because, the paper aays, the new chancellor "Intends to move for im mediate universal peace." Vorwaerts asserts thut the pence sought by the prince Is to tie baaed upon these foui nain principles : 1. A league of nations. 2. Arbitration. It. Disarmament. 4. No German annexations, not pven in the east. * MANY DIE IN FACTORY FIRE. Scores Killed and Injured by Explosion in Shell-Loading Plant. Berth Amboy, N. J.—-Many Wien were killed and Rcores injured in ii trenien doua exploalon early Friday at tho plant of the T. A. GUleaple Shell-Load ing Po. at Morgan, near here, first explosion, which shook the coun tryside for mile» and caused citizens of South Auxboy to flee from tlieir homes, was followed by a series of less severe explosions nnd by a fire which for three hours defied the efforts of tire departments summoned from all ueur-by cities aud towns. The Turks Holding Out for Terms. Geneva. — tissu d Pasha. the pro visional president of Albania and for mer commander in chief of tlie Turkish forces at Scutari, In an Interview be fore Ills departure from Saloniki, de clared that Turkey would hold out to the last minute before capitulating, in the belief Hint by so doing she would receive better terms from the entente. He expressed his pleasure ut the fate of Bulgaria, which, lie said, had thrown In her lot with the Teutonic allies through covetous motives. of Huns Poison Fruit. Met neben N. J.—Second Lieutenant David M. Aht, at hi* home here, on leave from a base hospital in France, where lie was wounded, August 7. said tlie Germans attached poisoned berries clusters of growing fruit In the they retreated The artifice was to territory over which along the Veste river, discovered, however, in time to warn the American soldiers. Spanish Influenza in Utah. Suit Irak«* City.—One death In Og den and four deaths of Utahns In vari mis cities nml army camps of the coun try were attributed Friday wholly to or resultant from Spanish influenza. Reports have reached city and state health officials or the presence of the disease In Salt Lake, Ogden. Murray, several and Farmington Midvale, other communities. No Longer Hold U. S. in Scorn. Amsterdam, filling a continually growing amount <>f sluice 111 the buttle narratives of the German war correspondents. The for mer semi-contemptuous references to their scanty number* or lighting spirit are now rare They Rre being taken very seriously. Tln* Americans are To Rout Worries of Soldiers. Washington, Every American sol dl«*r In Franco will receive shortly a pamphlet In whh-li the Red Cross will advise him to "pack up hi* tgpublea in li'.s old kit huggnge and hand them to the first Red ('row* representative he iii«*ets." Former Governor for Congress. Salt Irak«* City.—Former Governor William Spry «>f Sali Irak«» and \V. H. Wnttl* of Ogden were n«unlnnt**«l for congre»» from th«* Second nnd First «llstrlcts, re*i»e«*tlvely, at tlie hands of the Republican congressional cornet» tlon held here. Death Sentence Commuted. Washington. — Death sentence tin pOMd by a military i-oiirt martial upon j Kontier Makt. a recruit with the 1fi3rd depot brigade. f«ir refusal to wear a uniform, ha* been c«*n»niute«l to con finement at hard labor for 20 years. Fraud Is Charged. will«*. Tenu. —\V, J. Oliver nnd 10 other employe««» of the \V. J. Ollvei Manufacturing '('< cliarg«*» of eouso'mcv. fraud and snbo et l Vf K e arr«*sre«l or ,f d< age iu hells for the L nf'uTure ted State» an 1 11 «TIERES MB LENS HATED ' ENEMY'S FAMOUS DEFENSE IS FALLING BEFORE FURIOU8 ATTACK OF ALLIES. Fortified Positions Between Cambrai and St. Quentin Definitely Smashed and Routers Entered by Belgians In Drive to the Sea. l'aris.— Iran», the heurt of tlie great coal region in northern France, uud Armentiere», almost equally important as a manufacturing center, have been evueuated by tha Germuiis ; the Ger man fortified positions between Cam brai and St. Quentin have been dell nltely smashed, und the Austro-Hun garians in Albania, forsaken by the Bulgarian», tlieir former allies, are In full retreat northward from tlie Adria tic sea to Luke Ochrida. Hum Forced to Give Ground. Of there conquering of Invaded Bel gium and the progress of the French and Franco-Atnerlcan forces, respec tively, north of Rheims and eastward In Champagne to the vicinity of Ver dun, tlie tale remains the same—the Germans slowly but surely are being forced everywhere to give ground nnd their vital defenses daily continue to be eaten into, notwithstanding the strong resistance against the efforts of the allies to dose In on all sides of the great battle arc from the North seu to the Swiss border and compel the German high command to recon struct Its fighting line. Belgians Enter Roulera. ' In Belgian Flanders, the Belgian, French und British troops are keeping up tlieir eastward progress in their en deavors to compel the Germans to give tili Ostend and Zeebrugge, tlieir naval buses on the North sen. Routers, the important railway junc tion, with Ita lines of steel radiating to the North sea and eastward to Ghent, lias been entered by the Bel gians, nnd at Hooglede, to the north. King Albertis men are virtually upon the Roulers-Ostend-Bruges railway. To the south Menin and Courtral are se riously menaced. Across the border In France the cap ture of Armentieres brings Lille, capi tal of the department of the Nord, within striking distance, and the eva cuation of Lens pinces Douai, the fort ress northeast of Arras, nnd all the ter ritory between Arras and Menin vlrs tmil 1 y In the hands of tlie British. U. S. SHIP SUNK BY U-BOAT. Patrol Boat Tampa Sent Down in Bristol Channel. Washington.—In the loss of the. patrol boat Tampa—sunk in the Bristol channel with all on hoard on the night of September 20—I tie navy suffered Its greatest single blow of the war, navy department advices indicate. The Tampa, which was formerly tlie coast guard cutter Miami, carried u comple ment of ten officers and 102 men and in addition to these one British army officer and five civilian employes are listed among ilie missing. The report; of Vice Admiral Sims Indicates that tlie Turn pa was torpedoed while escort ing a convoy, board were lost. It Is believed all on Fatal Shooting In Wyoming. Evanston, W.vo.—Roh.rt Humphrey, a guard at the Aspen tunnel, shot and killed another guard, R. W. S«*nrs. nnd dangerously wounded Edward Hoehner, general manager, at the tun nel. 20 miles east of Evanston, follow ing an iirgmnent. W. to Valuable Stock Is Cremated. Lexington. Ky.—iFire believed of In cendiary origin, destroyed tlie great stock barn of I. H. Taylor, causing n loss of $75,000. Among stock lost was tha famous Hereford hull, Woodford. Y tilu «Hl at $12.000. Tills animal had b«*en an international prizewinner. <>f the to are Prince Named as Chancellor. Amsterdam. — Brlnce Maximilian ol Baden has ht«en named German im perial chancellor, according to the Zei tung am Mittag of Berlin. Prince Max imilian Is heir to the throne of the grand duchy of Baden. He was born July 10, 18(57. sol a will in to he Revenue Bill's Passage Urged. Washington.—-Plans of «'ongress tf. adjourn for a month over the Novem ber elections drew a warning Thurs day from Secretary McAtloo that fail ure to promptly enact tlie elght-bllllon dollar war revenue bill will disorganize and endanger tlie national finance. H. for of Mask Charcoal Shipped. Manila. B. I.—The first shipments of »•««•oanut charcoal for use In tin* manufacture of gas masks have been made to the Unit«*d States In army shtiix. The charcoal Is being turn«*«! out by hs-al plants, the facilities of wlilch are being Increased dally. Defection of Auetria Expected. '»rls.—The German «-elisor .at lier tin upon j p,, permits the German pres«* to print article* dwelling on the probable situ a con ntloit of Germany In the case that Aus tria should he forced to lay down 1er arms under pr»*»*ure. nnd snbo l Vf For Dry Philippines. Manila.—The government's program of absolute prohibition dining the period of the wqr I* to he piesented to the Philippine legislature when It convenes th!» month. aceorillrj to i*i luouncetnent Thursday. or HINDENBURG LINE RIPPED WIDE OPEN GERMANY'S ENTIRE WEST LINE CRUMBLES FOLLOWING AT TACK BY ALLIED FORCES. 6L Quentin Is Freed of Huns, Cambrai in British Hands, Lille Being Evacuated and Belgium Cleared of Germans. The boasted strength of the Mindenhurg line seems to have been overestimated by the allied forces are going through, having ripped the line open for eight miles, the entente soldiers pouring through the gaps. The whole of St. Quentin is now In the hands of the French, Cambrai is In British hands, and the have evacuated Lille. It is believed it will not be long now until the Germans have been driven from French and Belgian soil, back beyond their own border. Tlie Matin announces thut the Ger mans are evacuating Lille and that the commander there 1ms requisitioned all means of transportation, even wheel barrows and baskets, to take away the booty. Tlie newspaper adds that the evacuation of the townspeople to Bel gian towns near tlie German border is being pursued hastily. A dispatch from the lAltch border asserts that tlie German governor gen eral in Belgium has given secret in structions to the governors of the provinces to send hastily all German archives to Brussels. Allied aviators have flown over Brussels, dropping thousands of pamphlets telling the public to have a little more patience—that tlieir hour of liberation is near. The continuation by the entente al lied forces of their brilliant, achieve ments in restoring Belgian Flanders and the expulsion of the er emy from further territory in France, from the region of Cambrai to Verdun, evident ly lias brought the Germans to the realization that the great bend in the line from Menin to tlie east of Arras is likely to prove another such trap as was the St. Miliiel salient sinless they are fast enough of foot to move east ward, giving up Lille, Iran* and Douai, and straighten tlieir line from the vi cinity of Cambrai to Belgium. On till the other six buttlefronts from Belgium to Verdun tlie entente forces are keeping up tlieir successful advances, although everywhere, except Rheims, have materially tlieir front and are offering strong re sistance to further inroads into their territory. Burls. Huns, as the Germans for It ply us the is, up to Is the. Germans northwest of stiffened Educator Drowned in Pool. Logan, Utah.—Prof. W. E. Brooke, formerly of Suit Lake, hut for several years professor of economics at the Utah Agricultural college, was drowned in the college pool herv Wednesday. In company with Professor Brinley, Professor Brooke went '.fcr a swim, and, In entering the water, dived from a He failed to reappear the surface and an immediate When It springboard. upon search was made for his body, taken fra u the water Professor Brooke was unconscious and remained in that condition until death came a few min utes later. Americans Capture Many Guns. Washington.—General Berstiing re ported Tuesday that a partial count of tlie material captured during the last week by the American troops advanc ing between the Meuse and Argonne shows 120 guns of all calibers; 700 trench mortars, .100 machine guns, 100 heavy tank gnus, thons' nds of artillery Shells and hundreds of thousands of •rounds of sir* ill arm ammunition. Anti-German Riots in Bulgaria. Baris.—Anti-German and pacifist riots are in progress throughout Bui-, garln. according to a Zurich dispatch to the Journal. It is added that ru mors are current of .tlie formation of a national cabinet In Bulgaria, under the leadership of Premier MaUnoff and Dr. Ghenudieff, released from prison a few days ago under a pardon by King Fer dinand. Test Phone Suit Filed. Lincoln. Neb. — Suit to prevent the Lincoln Telephone & Telegraph Co. from charging telephone installation rates ordered by th«* postmaster gen eral. after the government took over control of the t«*l«*ptione and Megraph tines, was file«l In the f**«leral district «•onrt here Tuesday hy the Nebraska railway commission. Bernstorff Marooned. Washington.—fount von Rertistorff. former umhns.-atlor from Germany to I the United States. Is reported to he marooned tn Constantinople ns a re suit of Bulgaria's surrender to the nl He*. Bernstorff lat**ly has heen rep resenting Berlin at the porte. May Get Cheaper Shoes. Washington.- The American people soon will he able to purchase shoes at j fixed maximum and minimum retail ! prices, lower than those now prevail j ing. and obtain nt the same time shoes of better quality. Increase in Sugar Beets. New York.—The sugar beet crop of the United States for tin* year show» in estimate«! Increase of 17 w (121 tons ov»*r that of 1f*17. hut tho general <*on j j - I fttion of the crop on August 1 was b«. ion- that *>f the 10-year average. ' Gold Cuff Links If for any reason any pair of cufT links made by us ia not satisfactory, will give you a new pair. Thia ia the guarantee that goes with each pair. Whan you want the best cuff links made, order from us. we BOYD PARK FOUNDED Ißö* MAKERS OF JEWELRY SALT LAKE CITY K5« MAIN STREET BARGAINS IN USED CARS 50 splendid used cm-Buick«, Oldsmobile*. Na Guarantee.! first das« running condition—easy terms if wanted by right parties. Write fur detailed list and descrip tion, Used Car Dept.. Randall-Dodd Auto Co n Salt Lake City W 0 iional»-$250 THOSE OPEN-WINDOW CRANKS* Writer Give» It as His Opinion That They Are Actuated Solely by Selfishness. One of the most pronounced nuis ances with which seasoned travelers onj railroad trains have toicontend is th "open-window crank, for he is usually a male Instead of a female—persists in having his window open, no matter whether other occu pants of the car dislike it or not; and It usually results in the other passen» gers thereabout receiving a liberal sup ply of dust and fine cinders, as well us enough soft coal smoke to last them, the remainder of their lives. These open-window cranks are almost always occasional travelers. It is noticed by, those who have taken the pains to ob serve that the regular traveler—tho^ is, the man who rides every day iq summer—never opens the window bet side the sent In which he Is riding. It does not mean any more comfort for him to do so, as he long ago discov. ered, but much discomfort Instead. As soon as a railroad car starts to move there is more or less air stirring nnd if the open-window cranks would only compose themselves a few mo ments they would be far more com fortable than they would to breathe coal dust, smoke and cinders. But the average occasional traveler will push up his window as soon as he enters the car. Tills fellow It makes no difference to him how much the re6t of the car suffers—he la the only one to he considered. It Is a practice that causes great discomfort to passengers who have the necessary sense to know thut everybody Is better off If the windows are closed on hot days. And It Is always noticed that these open-window artists invariably leave the window open when they de part. The first, last and only thought Is for themselves—no one else counts. —Hartford Courant. "MAKE GOOD" WITH CHILDREN 8cheme of Life That Is a Beautiful Thing for Both Parents and Offspring. From year to year we find every where a constantly growing apprecia tion by parents of their responsibility. It is not the kind of a responsibility really that puts blue specs on life and blurs the distant road, but Is the kind of responsibility that makes a father want the companionship of his son and the mother the confidences of her daughter. The pnreut knows it cnnnol have these things without getting and holding, truly earning, the child's re spect. A man of affairs, the father of three boys, told me just a few days ago of certain things he had to do that just ttien he did not feel that he could spare the time nor the money to do. But he said, "I've got to make good With my boys." "Making good" with your children Is about as good a thing as any parent can do. It means keeping a grip on Jour temper, discretion in your speech nnd sunshine in your heart. And that Is a scheme of life good for you both. —Woman's World, Force of Compressed Air. The effects of air resistance are well known in the twelve and one half mue Simplon tunnel, where aa exceptionally high amount of energy Is required for running the electric trains. The tunnel, which Is .tifteea feet wide and eighteen feet high with a sectional area of two hundred and fifty square feet, has a ventilât lng current of 3,530 cubic feet of ail per second, maintained by two large blast fans at the Brig end and twe exhaust funs at Iselie. Trains goin| with this current encounter less re sistance than in open air up to fifteen anti a half miles an hour, but at higher speeds or in the opposite direc tion the resistance is much greatei than outside. Coasting hy gravity down the seven per one thousand maximum gradient, a train, even go ing with the current, cannot excited thirty-five miles per hour on account of the braking by the air. Physical Exertion and Heart Troubla The only way of surely determininf whether a sufferer from an irritable heart can bear extensive exert.in is to put him through a series of gradu ally increasing exercises, states Brit ish Medical Journal, with careful ex amination after exercise. Defying the Coal Man. Pneumatic regulation of the tern j perature of residences is provided by - I a new thermostat that switches elec tricity to a motor to open or clos» ' drafts in the heating apparatus.