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The Meridian times. (Meridian, Idaho) 1909-1938, October 18, 1918, Image 6

Image and text provided by Idaho State Historical Society

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn89055004/1918-10-18/ed-1/seq-6/

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Told by Mr*. Lynch From
Own Experience.
Prov'dence, R. L~'*I was all ran
down in health, was nervous, had head
aches, my back
ached all the time.
I was tired and had
no ambition for any
thing. I had taken
a number of medi
cines which did me
no good. One day
I read about Lydia
E. Pinkham's Vege
table Compound and
what it had done for
women, so I tried
it. My nervousness
and backache and
headaches disappeared. I gained in
weight and feel fine, so I can honestly
recommend Lydia E. Pinkham's Vege
table Compound to any woman who is
suffering as I was."—Mrs. Adeline B.
Lynch, 10O Plain St., Providence, R. I.
Backache and nervousness are symp
toms or nature's warnings, which in
dicate a functional diaturban
ce or an
unhealthy condition which often devel
ops into a more serious ailment.
Women in this condition should not
continue to drag along without help, but
profit by Mrs. Lynch's experience, and
try this famous root and herb remedy,
Lydia E. Pinkham's Vegetable Com
pound—and for special advice write to
Lydia E, Pinkham Med.Co., Lynn, Maas.
The egg that can't be beat Isn't as
good as it might be.
A gram of sand in a man's makeup
is worth two in the sugar.
Cuticura Beauty Doctor
For cleansing and beautifying the
skin, hands and hair, Cuticura Soap
and Ointment afford the most effective
preparations. For free samples ad
dress, "Cuticura, Dept. X, Boston." At
druggists and by mail. Soap 25, Oint
ment 25 and 50.—Adv.
Golden Spoon Handicap.
"I presume this great artist once
starved in a hall bedroom, ns most
men of genius are supposed to do early
in theh* careers?"

Strange to say, his people
were wealthy. I think he deserves all
the more credit for his achievements."
"Why so?"
"He won fame without ever missing
a rooaf or having his trunk confiscated
by a hard-hearted landlady."—Bir
mingham Age-Herald.
Revived HI* Interest.
Thomas Atkins was fractious. His
medicine was nasty, and he refused to
take H. Two or three V. A. D.'s stood
round him. urging him to be good.
"Gome," said one. "drink this and
yf.u wffl get well !"
"And rosy, too !" chimed in a sec
Atkiris brightened.
He wasn't par
ticularly keen on getting well, but to
get rosy was quite another matter.
"Which of you is Rosy?" he asked,
surveying the pretty group.
Kindred Spirits.
A well-known society performer vol
unteered to entrain a roomful of the
( olney Hatch lunatic asylum and
inode up a very successful little mono
logue show, entirely humorous. The
audience in the main gave symptoms
of being slightly bored, but one high
ly Intelligent maniac saw the whole
thing t* proper light and, clapping
the talented actor on the shoulder,
t u id ;
"Glad you come, old fellow. You
ai d I win get along fine. The other
clippies here are so dashed dignified.
What I say" is if a man is mad he
needn't put on airs about It !"—Lon
don «pinion.
When the
mommA cup is
supposa you moke
a change from
the old-time
beverage to the
snappy cereal
Vou'll be
surprised at its
cheering, satis
fying qualities
and delightful
flavor. Its all
Try a Tin
*®? ®mm *?**

i "«
.4 ■

'» •
> MM
r «

y à
:■ >.V:
V J 1


•v, '

BeuoiU« crrtcpu. ftOTOO»
1—View in the rutns of Lens just after the British recovered It; a large shell is seen exploding in the
distance. 2—Marshal Foch and King Albert arranging for the opening of the drive in which the Belgians drove
back the Huns. 3—General Berthelot. commander of the Frencli forces operating north of Reims.
Germany's Tricky Peace Move Is
Balked by President Wilson's
Cambrai Captured and Huns' Defen
sive Line Smashed, Compelling Gen
eral Retreat—Yanks Success
ful in Champagne—Beirut
Occupied by the French.
Priuee Max of Baden, the new im
perial chancellor of Germany, re
questing President Wilson to arrange
tor an armistice and a subsequent dis
cussion of peace terms, and stating
that Germany accepted the president's
14 points as a basis for the negotia
tions. evoked three separate and dis
tinct replies. President Wilson an
swered that he could not suggest an
armistice while the Herman armies
were outside the boundaries of Ger
mnny; and then asked whether the
• German government accepted the
terms laid down by him and whether
its object in entering discussions was
only to agree upon the practical de
tails of their application ; furthermore,
he wanted to know whether the chan
cellor was speaking merely for the
constituted authorities of the empire
who have so far conducted the war.
The people of all the allied nations,
soldiers and civilians alike, answered
Prince Max with a tremendous shout
of "Unconditional surrender."
Marshal Foch responded with one of
the most powerful attacks of the al
lied armies, capturing the important
city of Cambrai, smashing a 20-mile
wlde breach through the Hindenburg
line, and forcing back the German
armies all along the line from Verdun
to the sea.
Nearly all authorities agree that the
chancellor's proposal was Insincere ;
that the request for an armistice was
made merely to give the military com
mand a chance to reorganize the shat
tered armies, and that Prince Max
knew the suggestion for n peace con
tetenee, as he made it, would lie re
jected, giving him the opportunity to
say to the people of Germany; "I have
offered to end the war on the enemy's
own terms and he refuses. The Ger
man nation now must unitedly fight
At first there was some disappoint
itient because- President Wilson did
not reject the German proposal swift- !
ly and bluntly, but a- little considéra
The presi
tion has convinced almost everyone
that he evaded a trap and by his di
rect questions put the German dip
lomats in a position of the utmost diffi
culty. At the same time he left the
door open for ultimate negotiations,
after Germany has accepted his 14
points and given full guarantees. As
lor the armistice, he did not agree to
that even were the German armies to
he withdrawn from all occupied terri
tories, recognizing the 'fact that the
declaring of an armistice is up to
the military commanders,
dent's note was fully approved, prob
ably in advance, by the allied govern
ments, and was given the highest
praise by the press in England nnd
France as well ns America.
Any agreed cessation of fighting at
this time, short of the abject surren
der of the central powers, would bit
terly disappoint the soldiers of the
allied armies and the people who are
hacking them up. Foch's forces have
the Germans on the run. nnd if they
are permitted to follow up the Huns
on their retreat to the Meuse they will
destroy a large part of their effective
ness and capture probably half of their
material. On the other hand an armis
tice would permit the Huns to retire
within their borders with their armies
Intact and prepared to maneuver effec
tively behind their shortened and pow
erfully fortified lines. Animated by
a spirit, not of vindictiveness, but of
retributive justice, th,.- men of the al
lied armies feel that no peace should
be granted Germany until her cities, .
her towns and her people have suf- !
fered some of the horrors of war that 1
her brutal soldiers have inflicted on
Belgium, northern France and Serbia, j
The absolute unrepentance of the
Huns for their outrages is shown h.v
their action in looting ar.d wantonly
destroying the towns in France from i
which they are being driven and in
their practice of carrying away with
them thousands of the helpless inhab
itants who are forced to work for
them like slaves. The formal warning
of France that there would tie retribu
tion for these shameful deeds has been
disregarded, and if adequate punish
ment is not inflicted there will be a
general feeling that justice has mis
President Wilson and his confiden
tial advisers, it is said, still believe
the German people will rise in revo
lution and oust the Hohonzollern crew,
and his inquiry as to whom Prince
Max represents is significant in that
The chancellor, in his
speech to the relchstag, undertook
rather feebly to demonstrate that re
cent political changes actually had put
the people in power and that he was
their representative. But all that was
looked on as hunk.
The diplomatic situation resolved it
self down to this; The German gov
ernment must either admit defeat and
surrender on allied terms, or it must
confess that the chancellor was not
acting In good faith. That Is the hohe
in which President Wilson has placed
Prince Max and his associates.
The greatest blow delivered by the
j allied armies last week was between
Cambrai and St. Quentin. There Field
Marshnl Haig's tireless forces, re-en
forced by American divisions, tore a !
20-mile gap through the strongest of
Hlndenburg's boasted defenses, cap
turing dozens of villages and many
thousands of prisoners and on Wednes
day occupied the long and des
perately defended city of Cambrai.
The Huns, in full flight, blew up most
of Cambrai and burned Bohain. Mnr
( tz and many another beautiful town,
hut the nil les did not even stop to ex
t'nguish the flames. The enemy ap
parently was attempting to reconsti
tute his lines hack of the Selle
river from Le Catenti to Solesmes. so
Haig's troops, led by the cavalry.
pushed rapidly forwnrd nnd the hlg
; guns followed so fast that '■',ey kept
the Huns always under fire. Only the
German machine gunners put up a ored
liable defense, the riflemen who could
he overtaken generally surrendering
willingly. Prisoners said the German
plan was to retreat to the Valpnciennes
line nnd then to the Meuse, nnd It was
evident the retirement of the German
armies from France was well under
way. They will fight nil the way back
to their borders, of course, but the
country Is open nnd the tanks and onv
airy of the allies will have dnily in
creasing opportunity to do their part,
! The Germans still have the strength
to maintain a fairly orderly retreat,
and if the war Is ended by a military
decision, it is admitted the Huns may
be able to postpone that inevitable
event for many months. When they
do rench the Meuse they will be be
hind powerful defenses, but the na
ture of those defenses Is known to the
allied commanders, and so far as the
fortifications there are concerned, the
immense sum just asked of congress
for American artillery may be taken
to Indicate the tremendous concentra
tion of gunfire that wili be used to
hatter them to pieces.
— Ä —
While their comrades were helping
the British In the great drive in the
Cambrai region, the American First
army was exceedingly busy west of
the Meuse. For many days the dough
boys battled their way through the Ar
gonne forest, nnd at the northern end
of St they went up against a concen
tration of Huns gathered for the de
fense of the Kriemhiide line. Pausing
to permit their artillery to pour a
rain of shells on the German positions
for 19 hours, the Yanks advanced to
the attack Wednesday, and by a bril
liant and swift advance broke through
the enemy line. To the right of them
other troops forced their way through
the Cunel wood, and this made pos
sible the storming of the Mnmel trench
of the Kriemhiide position. The on
gineers were advancing right along |
wit h the Infantry, clearing the wav
through the entanglements. Important
heights south of the Marcq were cap
tured, and the Yankees joined hands
with the French at Lançon,
the Meuse also the Americans
East of
going forward, and, at the time of
writing, these movements, as well ns
those all along the line, were still pro
These operations in France
steadily crushing the great German
salient whose apex was near Laon.
and the French were maintaining a
continuous pressure on both sides of
that city. They also were compelling
the further retirement of the Huns
whn still remained south of the Aisne
t.etween Neufchatel and Vouzieres.
The American air service on the
front of the First army clearly dem
onstrated its superiority during the
veek. Huge aggregations of bombing
planes continually flew over the en
emy front lines, communications, back
areas and troop concentrations, doing
incalculable damage, while the pur
suit planes kept the air cleur of Hun
—*a —
The Serbian army kept up the unre
mitting pursuit of the Austrians in
Serbia as the Bulgarians withdrew
lrom that country, or surrendered, ac
cording to their agreement. Before
the end of the week the Serbs were
quite close to Nish and moving ahead
steadily. To their west, in Albania,
the allied troops made considerable
progress. The Italians took Elbassan
after crashing determined resistance
by the Austrians, and then continued
their advance northward.
— ÄI —
The occupation of Beirut by French
marines only accentuated the troubles
of Turkey. The cabinet resigned, af
ter a pence note was said to have been
started on its way to President Wil
son, and Tewflk Pasha, it was report
ed, would be the new grand vizier. His
sympathies are rather with the nllles,
and there is little doubt the sultan
himself would be mighty glad to get
out of the war on the best terms ob
tainable. London was convinced Tur
key had notified Germany It intended
to make peace and that the kaiser
tried to stave this off by the proposal
of the chancellor.
Austria-Hungary was in a condition
almost of panic nnd was nervously
awaiting the outcome of Prince Max's
effort. Reports from Vienna said the
ministerial council had decided to In
troduce national autonomy "in order
to make President Wilson's stipulation
an accomplished fact."
people of the empire the movement to
proclaim the separation of Hungary
and Austria was making great head
v ay. Meanwhile the Bohemian lead
ers were conferring and preparing to
declare the independence of their
country and its separation from Aus
tria-Hungary, nnd, knowing the dan
gers of such' action, made their wills
and settled their personal affairs.
Among the
Boris, who has succeeded to the
throne of Bulgaria on the abdication
of his father, Ferdinand, adheres to
the terms of the surrender made by
his armies, and has ordered Germany
and Austria to quit his country with
in n month. Already the rail connec
tion between A'ienna and Constantino
ple seems to be effectually broken.
Three more "victories" by the mur
derous German U-boats are to be re
corded. The Irish mall boat Leinster. '
the Japanese liner Hirnno and the
American cargo steamship Tieonderogn
were torpedoed. The total loss of life
was estimated at more than 900. In
the case of the Tlconderoga about 230
were killed, most of them by shrapnel
fire after the boat had ceased to resist.
will get much more, in all probability,
before peace Is declared and the arm
ies are disbanded. If the people re
fuse to lend the government ail the
money it needs, at a good rate of in
terest, It has other w#
funds, and It will adopt them.
One painful result of the German
peace offensive was the decided slow
ing up of the campaign for the fourth
Liberty loan,
many short-sighted people thought
peace was at hand and the money
would not he needed, subscriptions to
the $ loan were distress
ingly slow in coining in. All the agen
cies engaged in the campaign re
doubled their efforts and the American
public was loudly warned that the
Hun peace talk must he disregarded
and the money must be raised. Unde
Sam needs those six billions nnd he
will get them, and he will need and
1'resumably because
of getting
Events Leading Up to Break Be
tween Huns and the Powers
of Europe.
King George Sent Appeals for Peace>
but Kaiser Decided That Sword
Had Been Forced Into His Hand,
and Hostilities Began.
On June 28, 1914, Archduke Frank
Ferdinand, heir apparent to Austria
Hungary, was assassinated, with his
consort, the Duchess of Hohenberg,
by Bosnian conspirators at Sarajevo,
the capital of Bosnia, where Pun-Slavle
feeling ran high.
On July 23 the Austro-Hungarian
minister at Belgrade presented to the
Serbian government a drastic ulti
matum, demanding punishment of the
alleged Serbian instigators of the trag
edy and imposing, along with many
other humiliating demands, the con
dition that Serbia "accept the collab
oration of Austrian officials in the sup
pression of the Pan-Serbian
ment," and giving her weaker neigh
bor forty-eight hours in which to com
It was openly the aim of Austria,
"in accord with Germany," not only
to deprive Serbia of its political in
dependence, hut also to inflict a check
to Russia. From then on events
moved rapidly. Serbia, on July 25,
gave way to all the Austrian demands,
but denied the right of Austria to ex
ercise judicial authority in Serbia.
Italy, before the expiration of the
ultimatum, made it known that she
was not in sympathy witlt the Austro
Hungarian note to Serbia.
At once diplomatic exchanges be
gan between the various powers to
avert the war that was impending;
but, on July 27, Austria issued a note
to the powers stating that Serbia's ac
quiescence to her demands was un
satisfactory und "filled with the spirit
of dishonesty," and on the following
day, July 28, Austria declared war on
Russia at once began to mobilize,
and notified the powers that she would
not permit the invasion of Serbia. The i
next day Sir Edward Grey, British
secretary for foreign affairs, sent
peace proposals for a council of Eu
rope to both the kaiser and the czar.
His action was supported by France
and Italy.
The kaiser's reply was a general or
der of mobilization and an ultimatum
with a twelve-hour limit, to Russia to
stop mobilizing. Of France, Germany
demanded to be informed of her atti
tude in case of a Russo-German war.
This was on July 30, and on the same
day Austria invaded Serbia.
On July 31 military law was pro
claimed throughout Germany, and Rus
sia ordered a general mobilization.
Personal messages were exchanged
between the czar and the kaiser, to
both of whom King George sent ap
peals for peace, but on August 1 Ger
many suddenly decided that "the
sword had been forced into her hand"
and declared war on Russia, while
Austria was still actually negotiating
with the czar.
France at once ordered a general
mobilization and Italy formally de
clared her neutrality. It was plain that
a general war was inevitable.
The kaiser sent an ultimatum in
German to King Albert of Belgium on
August 2, demanding free passage for
his armies. The same day German
forces crossed the frontiers of Luxem
burg and France, and on August 3
Germany declared war on France.
On the morning of August 4 the
German army invaded Belgium, which
had already appealed to England to
preserve her neutrality, and the Brit
ish ambassador in Berlin demanded
the immediate withdrawal of the
kaiser's forces from Belgium, and, un
able to obtain satisfaction, England de
clared war on Germany the same even
ing, to the unaffected dismay of the
German chancellor, who could not be
lieve that "just for a scrap of paper
England was going to make war."
Does Not Please Lodge.
Washington. — Acceptance in any
degree of the German reply to Presi
dent Wilson's note means the loss of
the war for the allies. Senator Lodge
of Massachusetts, minority leader and
ranking Republican of the foreign re
lations committee of the senate, de
No Peace Short of Surrender.
Chicago. — There can be no peace
short of unconditional surrender, Gov
ernor Frank O. Lowden of Illinois
averred in a speech at the dedication
of the Iliiiyjls Centennial monument
American Submarine Chaser Sunk.
An American sub
narine chaser, designated as the 219,
sink in foreign waters October 9,
ifter an explosion, with the death of
me enlisted man and the injury of one
fflcer and eight men.
lunger Aids Downfall of Boisheviki.
Stockholm.--' Hunger is hastening
le downfall of the Boisheviki regime
i Russia far more than the feeble
id disorganized efforts of the op
■slng political parties, according to
diable news received here.
Good Jewelry
When you buy jewelry, it should
be good in quality as well as style.
Cheap, unworthy articles
extravagance. Honest values
good investment. Everything
show is dependable. Prices reason
are an
are a
50 -plendid used
iional*-S250 fo
running condition—easy
-Buicks. Oldsmobile*. Na
Guaranteed first clam
terms if wanted by
right parties. Write for detailed iiat and descrip
tion, Used Car Dept..
Randall-Dodd Auto Co^ Salt Laic« City
I -"i'
Have onr professional photographers do your
Films Cameras Supplies
HELP WANTED wantMg wage» team
. barber trade Many small
towns need barbprs; good opportunities open
for men over draft age. Barbers in army har«
{rood as officers eommiKsion Get prepared
n few weeks. Call or write. Mo 1er Barber
College, i:i H. West Temple 8t„ Balt Lake City.
Burmese Capital Known to AH Whit**
In India as an Ideal Cold
Weather Resort.
Doubtless it will surprise a great
many persons to learn that Mandalay,
famed of song and story, is little more
than a half century old. It was built
in 185G by King Mindon, who made it
the capital of what wus then indepen
dent Burmah.
Something more than 300 feet above
the level of the sea, Mandalay sits
tightly upon a stretch of tableland
just in frout of the Slian hills. The
city proper extends over about five
square miles, but the military district
of Mandalay covers a more extensive
With the British soldier, Mandalay
has taken on a great deal of the char
acter of a vacation resort. In the tor
rid months of the Burmese summer
the heat becomes very great, some
times making the thermometer rise to
119 degrees in the shade; but relief is
easily found in the adjacent hills. The
British sanitary officers have succeed
ed In exterminating all the fevers and
other diseases with which the climate
was once infested.
In winter—or as near to winter as It
I gets—Mandalay becomes a semlpam
dise, for the temperature stays at
about SO degrees. Happy the Britfsh
soldier who Is assigned to this garri
Like as not he sits of afternoons un
derneath the shadow of the Mouimieu
pagoda gazing dreamily at the flotilla*
on the Irrawaddy.
"Can't you hear their paddles chunk
in' from Rangoon to Mandalay?"
Or perhaps he looks at the distant
mountains, fabled to be so rich in ala
baster and rubies. And very often the
whole picture as drawn by Kipling la
.complete, even to the temple bells and
the Burmese maiden.
As Late •• Civil War Days New York
Employed Bells to Warn Citizen*
of Danger.
Not longer ago than Civil war day*
fire alarms were rung in the city on
great bells hung in towers erected for
the purpose about the town. The bell*
Indicated the district in which the Are
was and sometimes a good deal of
ground was covered In looking for a
fire. The First district, for instance,
in Civil war days extended from Twen
ty-second street north to Yorkville and
from the East river to the North.
The bell ringers were constantly on
duty in the towers watching for signs
of a fire. An inventory of the content*
of the old Marlon street bell tower in
1865 shows the equipment then in use.
It is as follows : "One bell, weight 11,
000 pounds; one striking apparatus,
one stove, table, clock, one spyglass,
one field glass, one slate and book."
The fire bells of the old city coul
be heard all over the town unless
gale of wind was blowing. The large*
bell was in the City hall tower. It*
weight was 23,000 pounds.—New York
Amusing Trick Is Simple.
One of the most amusing tricks In
fireworks is the serpent's egg trick,
where a little pellet when lighted turn*
into a horrible snake, many, many
times the size of the pellet. How
awe-inspiring it is to the youngster I
Most people have no idea what in th*
world causes the snake to appear. Th*
explanation Is simple. Mercury sul
pho-cyanid burns with a voiumino.
ash. The little pellet is nothing more
than some mercury sulpho-cyantd.
The heat causes the ash to move off
so quickly from the burning pellet that
It writhes and distorts itself into the
shape of a miniature snake.
The Social Fabric.
To uphold the social system women
submit to uncounted tests of their con
stancy. They endure physical discom
fort, ennui, the peril of cold drafts and
damp places, hours of weariness and
moments of acute annoyance for the
sake of what, to a man, is an unim
portant social matter. And even
though at times she feels that it would
matter little if the whole social scheme
of tilings should perish—and that In
stantly with fire and bloodshed if need
be—rather than require so much o£
her, she stands to her colors.

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