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». < » . * 4 < The Kaiser as I Knew Him For Fourteen Years ♦ ►;< 4 t ►I« * J3y » I s Arthur N.Davis,D.D.S. * ft < * ft American Dentist to the Kaiser from 1904 to 1918 I * VI ►n ft ft ft ft V ft ft 4 « ►14 ft ft ft * 1 " 1 ' 1 . ■ ■ ■■ " . I . . ... . . . . ' ii .. _ _ _ 1 . ' (Copyright, ISIS, by the McClure Newspaper Syndicate.) CHAPTER IX—Continued. of The Turkish defeats were naturally A great disappointment to him. "These Montenegrins, Serbians and Bulgarians are wonderful fighters," he confessed to me, shortly after the war began. "They're out-of-door people and they have the strength and stam ina which fighters require. If they keep on the way they're going they'll be in Constantinople in a week ! Con found those Turks ! We furnished them guns and ammunition and trained their officers, but if they won't fight we can't make them. We've done our best !" The defeat of the Turks lessened their value to the kaiser as an ally to to nnd he Immediately put Into effect a measure for increasing the German standing army from A50,000 to 900,000 —to restore the balance of power, they said. For this purpose a "Wehrbei trag," or Increased armament tax, was levied on capital and, Incidentally, I was informed that I would have to pay my share. The idea of paying a tax to upbuild the German army, which was already so powerful that it menaced the peace of the world, did not appeal to me at all and I spoke to Ambagsador Gerard about It. He advised me to pay It under protest, agreeing with me that there was no .reason why an American should be required to contribute to the German war budget. However, I had to pay It. The German efforts at colonization, which were more or less of a failure because the Germans refused to In habit the German possessions, and the measures adopted to conquer the com mercial markets of the world were an Important part of the program of world domination which Germany planned for herself, and it Is npt unlikely that If she had confined her efforts along those lines she might have progressed further along her chosen path than she has advanced by bathing the world In blood. "I have nearly 70,000,000 people," the kaiser said to me on one occasion, "and we shall have to find room for When we became them somewhere. empire England had her hands on Now we must an nearly everything, fight to get ours. That Is why I am developing our world markets, just as your country secured Hawaii and the Philippines as stepping stones to the markets of the far east, as I under stand It. That's why I developed the wonderful city of Kiao-Chau." His plans In this connection were changed somewhat apparently by the developments of the present war, for he told me that when it was over the Germans would not emigrate to the United States any more. "No more American emigration for "My us after the war," he said, people will settle in the Balkans a'»d develop and control that woc.djvrul country. I have been down there and I know it Is a marvelous land for our purposes." The kaiser's v'eîon of the part he would take In the reconstruction of stricken Surope was Indicated by a remark he made to me In 1916 when I was visiting him at the army head quarters at Pless. "Here I am nearly sixty years of he soliloquized, "and must re age, build the whole of Europe !" Although the kaiser so freely admit- j ted his designs on the world at large, he was impatient of any expansion on the part of other nations. He often spoke of England's "grabbing" pro pensity and viewed with suspicion our annexation of Hawaii and the Philip pines and our development of Cuba after the Spnnish-American war. He professed to see in our new policy a striving after world power which was Inconsistent with the principles upon which our government was founded. He objected to our Interference In Mexican affairs, although, as was dis closed by the Zimmerman note to Von Eckhardt, he was making every effort to have Mexico interfere with ours. "What right has President Wilson to attempt to dictate the internal poll cies of Mexico?" he ajjked. "Why not let them fight their battles out aloue?" Alluding to America's threat to en ter the present war, he asked: "What right has America to insist upon the Monroe doctrine of America and then mix in European affairs? Let her rec ognize also a Monroe doctrine of Eu rope and keep her hands out of this conflict !" There is no doubt that the kaiser imagined that the great army and navy he had built up would euable him to carry out his ambitious-program with out effective resistance. The one power he most feared but for which he professed the utmost con tempt was England. He had an idea that England would never dare to measure swords with Germany and thnt-he could provoke a war when the opportune moment came without much fear of England's intervention. In 1911, when the international situ ation over the Moroccan affair was particularly acute as a result of Ger many's having sent a gunboat to Ago dir to demonstrate that she was seri ous in her demands, the kaiser had nr-'** h..«« that war with Frànce might thus be precipitated and he was confident that England would keep out of it. "England would be afraid to war with us," he told me at the time, fear of losing Egypt, India and Ireland. Any nation would think twice before fighting my armies, but England par ticularly because she would not dare to risk the loss of her overseas colo nies." When the kaiser's ambitious project to dominate the world is considered, his consistent opposition to the univer sal disarmament proposals is easily understood. Without a superior army and navy, his whole plan would have to be abandoned and his dream of world-wide dominion would be shat tered. for On one occasion when we were dis cussing the Carnegie peace efforts, the kaiser disclosed very positively just where he stood on the proposition. "Look at the history of the nations of the world," he declared. "The only nations which have progressed and be come great have been warring nations. Those which have not been ambitious and gone to war have amounted to nothing !" Shortly after Wilson had pointed the way to peace in Europe in one of his notes to all the belligerent powers the kaiser called to see me professionally and we discussed that latest phase of the situation. "The way to peace now seems per fectly clear," I ventured, majesty's ever-increasing army and navy stands in the way. If Germany will give up her armament, it seems, we would soon have peace." "That is out of the question for Ger many," replied the kaiser, decisively. "We have no mountains like the Pyre nees to protect us. We have the open plains of Russia with their vast hordes endangering us. No; we shall remain armed to the teeth forever!" Only your CHAPTER X. CHAPTER X. The Kaiser's Appraisal of Public Men. No one ever speaks to the kaiser un til addressed. As that monarch's opin ions on most subjects are firmly fixed and he will stand no opposition, any erroneous Idea he may entertain is very apt to remain with him. His ad visers were apt to leave him in error rather than arouse his ire by attempt ing to set him right. But for the fact that he was very fond of asking innu merable questions, his store of Infor mation might have been extremely scanty. In the course of my conversations with him he frequently expressed his views of men who were in the public Upon what basis they were eye. founded he did not always enlighten me, but even when I knew them to be erroneous I realized It was useless to try to change them and I did not often take Issue with him. When I did his eyes would flash fire, but I had ex pected that and I continued just the same. The kaiser always seemed to take a particular Interest in American af fairs, and while he professed to de spise our form of government he watched very carefully the careers of our public men. It is not unlikely that he imagined, as I have pointed out elsewhere in these pages, that he could j influence our elections by swinging the German-Amerlean vote In favor of positive that he wouldn't be elected, was running, executive and his surprise was more or less natural in those circumstances. When Wilson sent 5,000 men to Vera the candidate he preferred, and he mnde a study of our public men In order that he might know which of them would be more desirable In office from the German viewpoint. When Mr. Wilson was nominated for the presidency, the kaiser was quite Perhaps the fact that Mr. Roosevelt, for whom at that time the kaiser had the greatest admiration, was one of Mr. Wilson's rivals, blinded him to the strength which elected Wilson, but the fact that the latter had had little ex perience In International politics un fitted him, In the kaiser's estimation, for the Important office for which he I saw the kaiser shortly after Mr. Wilson's election. "I am very much surprised at the result of your election," he declared. "I didn't think your people would be so foolish as to elect a college profes sor as president. What does a profes sor know about international politics and diplomatic affairs?" I haven't the slightest doubt that the kaiser pictured our president as a counterpart of the typical German professor—a plodding, impractical, un ambitious bookworm with no hope or desire of ever earning more than $1,000 a year and no yearning for public ac claim, a recluse, absent-minded and self-centered, who spent the-midnight oil poring over musty volumes and paid little or no attention to what was going on around him ! Such a man, the kaiser undoubtedly believed, the United States had elected as its chief Cruz the kaiser felt that he had ex eeeded his rights, the Internal affairs of Mexico?" he "What right has Wilson to mix in asked. "Why doesn't he allow them to fight it out among themselves. It is their affair, not his !" Germany had many financial interests in Mexico and looked with disfavor upon any move we made in that direction. When, however, the war in Europe started the kaiser made every effort to have America mix in international affairs provided we fought on her side. When I saw him just after'the war started he said we ought to seize the opportunity to annex Canada and Mexico. "Can't your president see the won derful opportunity now for combin ing with us and crushing England?" he asked. "With our fleet on one side and America's on the other we could destroy England's sea power. This Is America's great opportunity to domi nate the western hemisphere, and your president must see his chance to take Canada and Mexico !" As the war progressed and reports reached the kaiser of our increased shipments of munitions to the allies, the kaiser's Impatience with Wilson be came more difficult to repress, and there was hardly an interview I had with him in which he did not give vent to his feelings in that connec tion. I "My officers are becoming so in censed at America's attitude," he told 'it will be impossible for me to me, restrain them much longer." And when, on another occasion, he accused Mr. Wilson of discriminating against Germany, he made the re mark : "Wilson's in the hands of the Wall street group 1" But, perhaps, the most bitter de nunciation I ever heard him make of Wilson was shortly after we entered the war. I had been summoned to the great army headquarters to see him, and when he entered the room he appeared to be in a towering rage. Indeed, his condition was so apparent that the kaiserin, who was also pres ent, sought to excuse him with the explanation that he had been very much upset and had been sleeping very poorly, and she asked me to treat him gently and tried to soothe him at the same Lime, but he told her to leave the room and resented her show ing me that she petted him. We said little while I was at work, but when I was through and was pre paring to leave, the kaiser stepped toward me and said : "Davis, Wilson Is a real scoundrel !" "Davis, Wilson Is a real scoundrel !" My face flushed, I suppose, at this insult to our president, and my re sentment was so apparent that th? kaiser immediately patted me on my right shoulder and apologized. "I beg your pardon, Davis," he de I know dared, In a quieter voice, you're an American and I beg your pardon for hurting your feelings, but If you only knew, you would realize what a scoundrel your president is. When It comes to throat-cutting, Wil son should have his cut first !" Whenever the sun shone for the kaiser he grew so optimisiie that he failed to pay the slightest attention to tnc clouds gathering on the horizon. After the Italian collapse, for instance, he was so enthusiastic about his mili tary success in that arena that he failed to realize that. America was slowly but surely forging the thunder bolt that was to strike him down. "Now how foolish it was for your president to bring your country into this war I" he said. "Americans will now see, when It is too late, what fools they made of themselves when they elected a professor for president. Now America must pay the bills!" In this remark and others of the same Import the kaiser's expectation of being able to exact an enormous Indemnity as p-rt of his peace terms was clearly in dicated, and he felt that America, hav ing profited the most and suffered the least of any of the belligerent powers, would be In the best position to fill his depleted coffers. The last time I saw the kaiser when he mentioned the president was in the fnll of 1917, shortly after Wilson had replied to the pope's peace proposal. "Wilson is an Idealist, and an ideal ist can accomplish nothing!" was his comment. "He went into the war that he might have a seat at the peace table but he will never get It. I shall pre vent It!" Of Wilson's peace notes, which -vere issuMl befor« America went into the wat, the ksnaer remarked: "I think I am right, th« others think they're right. America ha« »11 the money. If Wilson really wano- peace, let him pay the bill» and take care of the Indemnities and *he war will be over! It is very simple." There was no man of modern times vhoni the kaiser seemed to admire so n.uch, before the war, as ex-Presidei.t Roosevelt. The kaiser was convinced that Roosevelt had prevented war with Japan by sending the American fleet around the world and showing that It v.as fit. This brilliant stroke of states manship, as the kaiser termed It, was a topic that he referred to on several occasions. It was a forceful demonstra tion that was very much after his own heart. "What I admire about Mr. Roosevelt rno'st." he said, "is the fact that he has the greatest moral courage of any mdfi The fact that Mr. Roosevelt had given Germany's fleet twenty-four hours' notice to steam from Venezuelan waters didn't serge to lessen the kaiser's admiration for him. I ever knew !" I heard him shower praise on Roosevelt many times and I haven't the slightest doubt that he was quite sincere. After the war started, when Roose velt showed very plainly that no mat ter what nice things the kaiser might have thought and said of him, he cer tainly didn't reciprocate the feeling, the kaiser was very much disappointed. "I'm terribly disappointed in Mr. Roosevelt," he declared. "After the way my wife and I entertained him when he was here as our guest, for him to take the stand he has is very ungentlemanly. I gave a great review for him—the greatest honor I could be stow upon him and a thing which had never been done for a private citizen. He was not president then, you kno.v. I used to admire him very much, bjt now I think the man has gone crazy and lost his mind. I never thought lie would turn against us like that !" He (lid not seem to realize that a patriotic American owed allegiance to his own country. In 1916 I asked him whether he had heard that Mr. Ford was on his way over from America in a chartered ship with a delegation. "Who, Peace-Ford?" he Inquired. I told the kaiser what I had read of j the Ford expedition. "How can your country allow a man 1 like that to do this thing—a man who has played no part in the politics of his ' own country and is entirely ignorant j of international affairs—a man who, I understand, was formerly In the bi- j cycle business and knows very little outside of business matters? "I haven't the slightest doubt Mr. Ford is a great business man," the kaiser went on, "and I am sure he means all right, but what a mistake it is to allow a man so ignorant of world affairs to do a ridiculous thing like t»B !" I told the kaiser that it had been like t»B !" I told the kaiser that it had been suggested in some of the American papers that if Ford really wanted to end the war, all he had to do was to pay Germany $100,000,000 and buy Belgium back. "One hundred million dollars !" the kaiser repeated, and then after a mo ment's reflection, as though he had been turning over some figures in his mind, "No, Davis, it will cost much more than that to get Belgium back !" ; It occurred to me that if the kaiser j really meant what he said on that oc- | casion, all his talk about "peace with- ! out annexation" was obviously a myth and that the only hope of Belgium's redemption lay in the military defeat of Prussia. Subsequent developments amply confirmed that view. In the winter of 1916, we were talk- i ing of the sentiment In America and | the conversation turned to Von Berns- j torff. j "Von Bernstorff has been doing very | good work In your country," the kaiser . commented. "Well, your majesty," I replied. "It Is said in America that If he had not been such a clever diplomat he would long ago have been compelled to leave." "From all I hear," the kaiser said, "he hasn't had a very easy time of It. The American press as a whole has been conspicuously anti-German, al though I understand that one of your newspaper publishers has been friend ly to us. Mr. Hearst, for Instance, has helped our cause very much in your country. He has been telling the truth about affairs, which Is more than most of the other papers have been doing !" Just before the king of Greece abdi cated, the kaiser referred to the atti tude of the American press again. "The way the American newspapers and the press of the allied countries generally are presenting the Grecian situation to the world Is absolutely false and a disgrace I" he declared, bit terly. "They are entirely misrepre senting the facts. Mr. Hearst is the only one, as far as I can find, who has revealed the real conditions and told the truth about them. My, I wonder what the people have to say now that Mr. Hearst has finally exposed the whole thing!" It was only a short time afterwards that the king abdicat ed and revealed uumistakably which papers had correctly interpreted the trend of Grecian politics. The kaiser spoke to me many times about the writings of William Bayard Hale. What he is He roices my sentiments exactly, and | it wou'd be well for every American to follow this writer's work." "Have you been following Hale's ar ticles?" he inquired, writing about" the war is excellent and Is really the best material published. I had to confess that there was one American at least who was not only not following Hale's writings, but had never heard of the writer, and the kaiser seemed to be somewhat dis pleased. He referred to Hale several times subsequently and in the meanwhile I hud ascertained that the man in ques tion was the representative in Berlin of the Hearst newspaiters and I sub sequently learned that he had pub Ushed a book called "American Rights and British Pretensions at Sea," which explained at once to me why the kaiser was so enthusiastic about him. In the course of one of our many conversations on the subject of Amer ican munitions, the kaiser paid his re spects to Mr. Schwab. "What can one expect from Schwab, who Is using the Bethlehem steel plant to work against us?" he asked. "He is of Austrian Jew extraction and would work against anyone for the sake of the money that's In it 1" "I'm following affairs In America very closely," he told me on another occasion, before we entered the war. "Not all of your senators are against us. Senator Stone, for instance, Is taking a very strong neutral stand, I understand, and it is a pity there are not more like him." Just before I left for my trip to America in 1916, the kaiser called on me and I told him I was leaving. "Well, Davis," he said, "be careful not to run against any mines or be torpedoed. You'll probably be pulled into England on your way over. We understand all boats are taken there for examination." Then, with Are in his eye, he added : "If you should see my cousin the king, in England, kick him on the shins for me!" CHAPTER XI. The Kaiserin. Although I had frequently seen the kaiserin in the company of the kaiser, I did not actually meet her until she became ray patient, In 1912, from which time on she visited me more or less regularly. Without going deeply Into her his tory, it may be sufficient to recall that when the kaiser married her, in 1881, she was the Princess Victoria of Schleswig-Holsteln-Sonderburg -Augus tenberg. She was a year older than her husband. She commanded no par ticular wealth and was not as prepos sessing then, perhaps, as she became when, some years later, her hair j turned white and softened her rather 1 complexion, ' occurred one Sunday afternoon at the j Berlin palace, where I had been in I structed to be at three o'clock, j conducted up the stairway aud, on the first landing I met the kaiser, who was waiting for me. "Well, Davis," he said, "I hope I haven't spoiled your Sunday afternoon, but I assure you it was not for myself I sent for you, but for my wife. She has been suffering for several days and we are going to have a state ball on Tuesday and I want you to get her in order, so that she can attend It, as it is one of the most Important social func tions of the season. Follow me, and I will take you to my wife and introduce you." large features and too highly colored My first introduction to the kaiserin I was of to to buy ; j | ! i | j j | . Doctor Davis gives a most in timate view of the German crown prince in the next install ment of his remarkable revela tions. He tells how the future ruler of Germany displayed the greatest physical cowardice when he was receiving treatment and how he seemed utterly un able to grasp the serious aspects of the war. Doctor Davis' char acter sketches of the crown prince and the kaiser's other sons form one of the most inter esting parts of his narrative. CTO BE CONTINUED.) PARADISE OF THE PACIFIC Palm-Clothed Islands That Have All of the Riches Man Has Any Need to Covet. The little-known Trobrland group of Islands Is a cluster of palm-clothed gems that stud the emerald Pacific a hundred-odd miles northeast of Sn marai (Papua). They are the real thing in coral romance. The natives are of the Melanesian type, happy peo ple with a fondness (especially on the part of the star-eyed maidens) for Europeans, who have exploited the rich pearl fishery. They afe advanced in arts and crafts, and produce a tre mendous quantity of carved weapons and ornaments, which are eagerly bought by tourists from curio-dealers in Sydney and Melbourne. Before competition set in the island ers did not get much for their pearls. Gems worth $50 and $75 were freely bought for as many pence. The group is flat, but is richly clothed In Jungle, and produces vast quantities of excel lent yams, which are traded. Good climate, gorgeous scenery, blue seas like billowing silk, diamond-dusted beaches aud splendid fishing and shoot ing! Worsted. "I noticed that you engaged in earn est conversation with that conductor ette." "We were just having a little argu ment about the proper pronunciation of the street I live on" said Professor Diggs. "She insisted that it should be called 'Wellungton,' but having some | knowledge of the man who defeated Nspoleon at Waterloo, I contended it should be 'Wellington.' " "Well which is it to be henceforth— 'Wellungton' or 'Wellington?' " "Ahem ! 'Wellungton' ''—Birmingham Age-Herald. Gets the Money. "I'd like to write a story Td ge* paid for." "Oh, I writ» home once a month. — Chapparai, If You Bought a Diamond Several years ago, it is now worth much more than you paid for it. If you do not own one, you should con sider the purchase of one at once. They are advancing in price all the time. We are showing exceptional values, and our guarantees protect you. BOYD PARK rOtfNDCD MAKERS OF JEWELRY SALT LAKE CITY K5« MAIN STREET BARGAINS IN USED CARS 50 splendid used tionals-1250 10 i ns condition-easy rieht parlies. Write 1 tien. Used Car Dept.. Randali-Dodd Auto Co„ Lake City -Bu'cks. Oldsmcbiles. Na Guaranteed first class terms if ed by for detailed list and descrip FIRST USE OF GAS IN WAR In Crude Form That Weapon Wat Employed Centuries Before the Coming of Christ. The earliest use of deleterious gase» in siege warfare is recorded In the his tory of the Peloponnesian wars from 431 404 B. C. During this struggle between the Athenians and Spartans and their respective allies the cities of Palntea nnd Delium were besieged. Wood saturated with pitch and sul phur was set on fire and burned under the walls of these cities In order to genernte choking and poisonous fumes, which would stupefy the defender» nnd make the task of attacking forces less difficult. Another form of thd same method of attack used about this date was to fill a caldron with molten pitch, sulphur nnd burning charcoal, and to blow the fumes with the aid of a primitive form of bellows and air blast over the defenders' lines. Oreek-fire, about which much was heard in the wars of the middle ages, was a liquid, the composition of which is now unknown, that was spurted through the air, chiefly in sea fights, in order to set fire to the ships of the enemy, nnd it was used by the Byzan tine Greeks at the sieges Of Constan tinople In the years 1261 and 1412. I INSECT POWDER GROWN HERE Americans Lost No Time in Devel oping Industry Once the Secret Was Discovered. In our grandfathers' day the so called Persian insect powder (com monly sold nowadays under the name of "pyrethrum") cost $16 a pound. Pretty dear for a bug-killer. The stuff was a mystery. Beyond the fact that it was of a vegetable na ture, nobody knew what it was, i As a matter of fact, it came from Transcaucasia, where its production was a very Important Industry, centuries It had been widely used in Asiatic countries, and the source of the material was a secret carefully kept. Eventually the secret was revealed by an Armenian merchant, who, trav eling through Transcaucasia, discov ered that the Insect powder was sim ply the ground-up flower-heads of a plant nearly related to our own field daisy. v Later on, attempts were made to In troduce the plant In the United States, but the seeds refused to sprout. This (as finally ascertained) was due to the circumstance thnt the persons from whom they were bought had baked them. At the present time we grow all our own Insect powder In California, For Onion Taken Off Pedestal. Another old-fashioned medical su perstition lias been exploded. Th« odorous onion can never again be used as a therapeutic agent in tu berculosis. Old timers who hav« sworn by the virtues of this tear producing product have humbugged themselves, for the onion has been investigated, classified, analyzed and everything else has been done to It that the learned men of sci ence could think of, and In the end It was found to be only an onion— pleasing to the palates of some, however displeasing to the noses of their friends, but absolutely ami unqualifiedly without any medicinal qualities or proprieties that make it an aid in the treatment of tuber culosis. The white plague victims may as well use boiled potato peel ings or beet tops for all the good it will do them. Flower Friends. Flowers cost so little and they mean so much. We need not go to fnsh ! -lhle florists for our messengers. One rose bought from a tray on the street may mean more than the hand somest design on Fifth avenue. It is these little things, these beautiful per sonal expressions, that make our flow ers worth while. But they must have a message or they cannot deliver it. Remember that.—New York Telegram. Destructive Grasshoppers. Nowendoc, N. S. W„ is periodically plagued with grasshoppers, and dur ing their visits the local hen eggs can not he eaten, blood-red. a result of the fcnvls swal lowing the insects. Yolk and white are Origin of "Lawyer." The word lawyer is said by authori ties to be a modification of the old English "law-wer," literally "law man." the second portion of the word being a corruption of the Latin "vir." man.