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The Meridian times. (Meridian, Idaho) 1909-1938, February 21, 1919, Image 7

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn89055004/1919-02-21/ed-1/seq-7/

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Agreement Designed to Prevent
Future Wars Subscribed to by
Fourteen Governments.
Draft for World Pact Read by Presi
dent Wilson Before Plenary Session
of Paris Conference, Having
Been Unanimously Accepted.
Paris.—At tlie plenary session of the
preliminary peace conference Friday
afternoon, February 14, President Wil
son, as chairman of the commission
on the league of nations, read and ex
plained the following report:
"Preamble—In order to promote
international co-operation and to se
cure international peace and security
by the acceptance of obligations not
to resort to war, by the prescription of
open, just and honorable relations be
tween nations, by the firm establish
ment of the understanding of interna
tional law as the actual rule of con
duct among governments anil by the
maintenance of justice and a scrupu
lous respect for all treaty obligations
in the dealings of organized peoples
with one another, the powers signatory
to this covenant adopt tills constitu
tion of the league of nations;
Article 1—The action of tlie high
contracting parties under ti.e terms of
this covenant shall be effected through
the instrumentality of a meeting of a
body of delegates representing the
high contracting parties, of meetings
,\t more frequent intervals of an execu
tive council and a permanent interna
tional secretariat to be established at
the seat of the league.
Regular Meetings Plan
■"Article II—Meetings of the body of
delegates shall be held at stated, in
tervals and from time to time as oc
casion may require for the purpose of
dealing with matters in the sphere of
action of the league. Meetings of the
bodies'of delegates shall be held at the
seat of the league or at such other
place as may be found convenient, and
shall consist of representatives of the
high contracting parties, who shall
have one vote, but may* have not more
than three representatives.
"Article III—The executive council
shall consist of representatives of the
United States of America, the British
empire, France, Italy anil Japan, to
gether with representatives of four
other states, members of the league.
The selection of these four states shall
be made by the body of delegates on
such principles and in such manner as
they think fit.
"Pending the appointment of these
representatives of the other states
representatives shall be members of
the executive council.
"Meetings of the council shall be
held from time to time as occasion may
require, and at least once a year at
whatever place may be decided on. or
failing any such decision at the seat of
the league, and any matter within the
sphere of action of the league or af
fecting the peace of the world may be
dealt with at such meetings.
Majority to Decide.
"Invitations shall be sent to any
power to attend a meeting of the coun
cil at which such matters directly af
fecting its interests are to be discussed
and no decision taken at any meeting
will be binding on such powers unless
so Invited.
"Article IV—All maters of procedure
at meetings of the body of delegates
or the executive council, including the
appointment of committees to investi
gate particular matters, shall be regu
lated by the body of delegates or the
executive council, and may be decided
by a majority of the states represent«!
at the meeting.
"The first meeting of the body of
delegates and of the executive council
shall be summoned by the President of
the United States of America.
"Article V—Tlie permanent secre
tariat of tlie league shall be estab
* lished at (
), which shall consti
tute tlie seat of the league. Tlie secre
tariat shall comprise such secretaries
and staff as may be required under
the general direction and control of a
secretary-general of the league, wlm
shall be chosen by the'executive coun
cil ; tlie secretariat shall be appointed
by the secretary-general, subject to
continuation by the' executive council.
"The secretary-general shall act in
that capacity at all meetings ot tlie
body of delegates or of the executive
Expense is Apportioned
'Tlie expenses of tlie secretariat
shall be borne by the states—mem
bers of the league, in accordance with
apportionment of tlie expenses of the
international bureau of die Universal
Postal union.
"Article VI—Representatives of the
high contracting parties and of those
of the league when engaged in tlie
business of the league, shall enjoy
diploinatic privileges and Immunities
and the tmlhlings occupied by
league or its officials or by represen
tatives attending the meetings shall
enjoy the benefits of extra-territorial
to the
"Article VII—Admission
league of states not signatories to the
covenant and not named In the proto
col hereto as stat«i to he invited to
adhere to the covenant, requires the
assent of not less than two-thirds of
the states represented in the IrhIv of
delegates, and shall be limit«! to ftilly
self-governing «»untrles. including do
minions and colonies.
"No state shall be adrnltt«! to the
league unless it is able to give effec
tive guarantees of its sincere inten
tion to observe Its international obli
gations and unless it shall conform to
each principle as may he prescribed by
the league in regard to its naval and
military forces and armaments.
"Article VIII—The high contracting
parties recognize the principle that the
maintenance of peace will require the
reluct ton of national armaments to the
lowest [mint «insistent with national
safetv and the enforcement by common
action of international obligation, hav
ing special regard to the gw'srnphh a
situation and circumstance* of each pute
state; and the executive council shall of
form u late plans for effecting such re- that
duction. The executive council shalt
also determine for the consideration the
and action of the several governments body
what military equipment and anna- this
ment is fair and reasonable in proper- to
tion to the scale of forces laid down
in the program of disarmament and
these limits, when adopted, shall not
be excelled without the permission of
the executive council. high
War Munitions Menace
"The high contracting parties agree
that the manufacture by private enter
prise of munitions and' implements of
war tends It to grave objections ami
direct the executive council to advise
how the evil effects attendant upon all
snc-h manufacture can be prevent«!,
due regard being paid to the necessi
ties of those countries which are not
able to manufacture for themselves the
munitions and implements of war nec
essary for their safety.
"The high contracting parties under- and
take in no way to conceal from each
other the conditions of such of their
industries as are capable of being
adapted to war purposes or the scale
of their armaments, and agree that
there shall be full and frank inter
change of Information as to their mill
tary and naval programs.
"Article IX—A permanent commis
slon shall be constituted to advise the
league on the execution of the pro
visions of article VIII and on militarv
and naval questions generally. '
"Article X—The high contracting
parties shall undertake to respect and
preserve as against external uggres
shm the territorial Integrity and exist
any such aggression or in case of any
threat or danger of such agression
rhn ovor.,,1 ng r u iV
the executive council shall advise upon
means by which the obligation shall be
fulfilled * to
-Article XX—Anv war or threat of
var, whether immediately affecting any
of the high contracting Marties or not
is herebv deriaml a mattèrof côt
eern to the league, and the high eon
tracting parties reserve the right to
fake anv action that mav be deemed
X and Xrtn to ^lartthe
peace of nations S
Arhitration First Resort
,,, . , . . . . ,
n ** , s h f re *K h .''T! 1 !' 0 ', an ?
agreed to be the friendly right of each
the .. hlKtl CO,l L r "! 1 n , g Parties to draw
the attention of' the body of delegates p
or of the executive council to any ctr
cumstances affecting international
course which threatens to disturb in
ternationnl peace or the good under- ,
standing between nations upon which
pea.e liepemls.
Article XII—Tlie high contracting
parties agree that should disputes arise
between them which cannot be adjust
ed by the ordinary processes of diplo
inne.v, they will in no case resort to
war without previously submitting the
questions and matters involved either
to arbitration or to inquiry by the ex
ecutive council and until three months
after tlie award by the arbitrators or "
recommendations of the executive
council and that they will not even
then resort to war as against a mem
her of the league which complies with
the award of tlie arbitrators or the
recommendation of the executive coun
"In any case under this article the
award of the arbitrators shall be made
within a reasonable time and the rec
ommendation of tlie executive council
shall be made within >ix month after
the submission of the disputes.
"Article XIII—The high contracting
parties agree that whenever any dis
pute or differences shall arise between
them which they recognize to lie suit
aide for submission to arbitration and
which cannot lie satisfactorily settl«l
by diplomacy they
whole matter to arbitration,
purpose the court of arbitration to
which the case is referred shall be the
court agreed on by the parties or stip
ulated in any convention existing be
tween them. The high contracting par
ties agree that they will carry out in
full good faith any award that may he
render«!. In event of any failure to
out the award, the executive
will submit tiie
For this
council shall propose what steps cait
best be taken to give effect thereto.
Court to Hear Disputes.
"Article XIV—The executive «»un
ci! shall formulate plans for the es
tablishment of a permanent court of
international justice and tilts
shall, when established, be competent
to hear and determine any matter «>u
cerntng the parties recognized as sub
ject for submission to it for arbitra
tion under tlie foregoing article.
"Article XV—If there should arise
between states—members of tlie league
—any dispute likely to lead to rupture
which is not submltt«i to arbitration
as above tlie high contracting parties
agree that they will refer tlie matter
to the executive council ; either party
to the dispute may give notice of the
existence of the dispute to the secre
tary-geueral, who will make all neees
sury arrangements for a full investiga
tion and consideration thereof. For this
purpose the parties agree to commuai
cate to the secret ary-general as
promptly as possible, statements of
tbeir case with all the relevant pnfiers
and tlve executive council may forth
with direct the publication thereof.
"Where the efforts of the council
lead to th *
a statement shali lw put tisli«l i
ing the nature of the dispute and the
terms of settlement,
îhè d"s puteVàs not been*settled a re
[H>rt bv the «»uncll shall he publish«!,
setting forth, with all necessary facts
and explanations, the recommendations
which tlie council think just and pro
per for the settlement of the dispute.
If the report is unanimously agre«l to
by tlie members of the council other
than the parties to the dispute, the
high contracting parties agree that
they will not go to wqr with any party
which complies with the recommenda
tions and that, if any party shall re
fuse so to comply, the council shall
propose measures necessary to give ef
fect to the recommendations. If no
such report can be made, it shalt be the
duty of the majority and the privilege ! their
of the -minority to issue statement« In- 1 from
dicatlng what they believe to be the
facta and containing the reason which tory
they consider to be Just and proper. can
"The executive council may in any laws
ca.se under this article refer the dis- gral
pute to the hotly of delegates. The dts
pute shall be so referred at the request terest
of either party to the dispute provided |
that such request must he made within
fourteen days after the submission of [ an
the dispute. In a rase referred to the :
body of delegates, the provisions of I
this article and of article XII relating or
to action and powers of the executive the
council shall apply to the action and
powers of the body of delegates.
Trade Break is Threat
"Article XVI—Should any of the CO
high contracting parties break or disre
gurrl its covenants under article XII It ther
shall thereby ipso, facto be declared to the
have committed an act of war as
against all the other members of the
league which hereby undertakes Hn- j
mediately to subject it to severance of ;
all trade or financial relations, the pro- j
bibttlon of all intercourse between j
their nationals and the nations of the I
covenant-breaking state and the pre- : of
ventlon of all financial, commercial or both
personal intercourse between the na
tionals of the covenant-breaking state a
and the nationals of any other state,
whether a member of the league or D f
not. •
"It shall be the duty of the exeen
five council in sucli cases to recora
mend what, effective military or naval lna
force the members of the league shall the
severally contribute to the armed
forces to lie used to protect" the coven- f
ants of the league.
"The high contracting parties agree
further that they will mutually* sup
port one another in the financial and () f
' economic measures which may be
taken under this article, in order to
minimize the loss and inconvenience
resulting from the above measures, and
|^£ey uul mutua Ij
th* covenant-breaking state and they
afford passage through their ter
Hfnrv to the fan** of anv hi"h con
ritory to tne iorces oi any mgn con
be tracting parties who are co-operating he
to protect the covenants of the league,
of "Article XVII—In the event of dis
Pates between one state—member of
the league and another state which is
not a member of the league, or be
tween states not metalters of the
to league, the high contracting parties
that the state or states not mem- as
•>«* of the league shall be tovlted to
accept the obligations of the member
ship in the league for the purposes of
, such dispute upon such conditions as
? the executive council may deem just,
an(1 upon aece p taQCe of such invite
tion the above provisions shall be ap
p lle< j w ^ t jj ^ modifications as may
ctr- ^ deemed necessary bv the league.
-[; 1><m such indication being given
in- fbe executive council shall institute an
, |nto tiu? rircumstan.es and
lnerits of the dispute and recommend
steps to bo taken as seem to he lest
^ ^fftetual
..^ the ev< | nt of a er illv ued
refusin(r to accept t h e obligations of
„.^mber-shin in the league for the pur
to ^ of u (1ispute which in the care
the >f a state Inem [, er <v f t h e league would
constitute a t, rea ch of article XIT. tlie
ex- provision of article XIV shall be ap
n [ ieab i e as aaa j ns t the state taking
or " U( . h actlon
% _ Cont _, Munit ions
, h t h ..
If ^th parties to the dispute when
*> refuse to accept the obliga
the tions of membership in the '
take such action
a ässstä
ing parties agree that the league
shall be entrusted with general super
vision of the trade in arms and am
munition with the country in which
control of this traffic is necessary in
the common interest.
"Article XIX—To those colonies and
territories which as a consequence of
the late war have ceased to be under
the sovereignty of the states which
formerly owned them and which are
inhabited by the -peoples not yet able
to stand by themselves under the
strenuous conditions of the modern
world there had been applied the prin
ciple that the well-being and develop
ment of such people form a sacred
trust of covenant and that securities
for the permanence of this trust
should be embodied in the constitution
of the league.
"The best method of giving prac
ticable effect to this principle is that
the tutelage of such people-; should be
entrusted to advanced nations, who. by
reason of their lesottrces. by experi
ence and their geographical position
can best undertake the responsibillty
and that this tutelage should be ac
cepted by them as mandatories on be
half of the league.
"The character of the mandate must
differ according to the state ' of the
development of the people, the geo- j
graphical situation of the territory, its
economic conditions and other similar
"Certain communities formerly be
party | UD £i n g to tOe Turkish empire liave
the rvnçh«! a stage of development that
secre- t i, e j r existence as independent nations
neees- oln (,e provisionally recognized suis
to rendering of advice toward
this development and assistance by a man
jjatory power until such time as they
as Hrp a nie to stand alone. The wishes
of (lt - communities must be a priu
pnfiers c jp a j condition in The selection of the
forth- i uaa datory power,
Internal Rule Necessary.
^ k . s especially those of
rentrai Africa, are at such a stage
the mandatory must be responsi
the . a ,[ministration
rftorv subject to «militions which will
re- guarantee freedom of «mscienre or re
of the ter
ligion. subject only to the maintenance
of public order and morale, the pro
hibition of abuses such as the stave
tirade, the arms traffic and the liquor
traffic and the prevention of the es
tablishment of fortifications or mili
tary or naval bases and of military
training of the natives for other than
police purposes and the defense of ter
ritory and will also secure equal op
portunities for the trade and commerce
of other members of the league.
'There are territories, such as south
western Africa' and certain of the
South l*acltle islands, which, owing to
the sparseuess of their population or
their email size or their remoteness t
from the eenters of civilization, or the *
geographical contiguity to the manda- |
tory «täte, and other circumstance*,
can be best administered under the
laws of the mandatory state as inte
gral portions thereof, subject to the
safeguards above mentioned in the in
terest of the indigenous population,
"In every case of mandate the man
datory state shall render to the league
[ an
: territory' committed to its charge,
I "The degree of authority, control
or administration to be exercised by
the mandatory state shall, If not pre
viously agreed upon by the high con
tracting parties in each case, be ex
pticitly defined by the executive coun
CO in a special act or charter,
"The high contracting parties fur
ther agree to establish at the seat of
the league a mandatory commission to
receive and examine the annua! re
ports of the mandatory powers, and to
j assist the league in insuring the ob
; servance of the terms of ail mandates,
j "Article XX—The high contracting
j parties will endeavor to secure and
I maintain fair and humane conditions
: of labor for men. women and children,
both in their own countries and In ail
countries to which their commercial
a nd industrial relations extend, and to
that end agree to establish as part
D f the organization of the league a
permanent bureau of labor,
"Article XXI—The high contracting
parties agree that provision shall be
lna de through the instrumentality of
the league to secure and maintain free
dom of transit and equitable treatment
f or the commerce of all states mem
tiers of the league, having in mind
among other things, special arrange
ments with regard to the necessities
() f the regions devastated during the
war of 1914.1919.
Treaties to Be Registered
rd^e under th^^'m
j league ail intematkLl bu
ream, «.ready^rab.lshed by general
treatu» lf J** *"***? Jl? y
consent, fundamentally they agree
that all such international bureaus to
.. . . . „ hull Yu >
he constituted in future shall be
placed under control of the league.
"Article XXIII—The high contract
ing parties agree that every treaty or
international engagement entered into
hereafter by any state-member of the
league shall be forthwith registered
with the secretary general, and as soon
as possible-published by him, and that
no such treaties or international en
gagement shall be binding until so reg
Article XXIV—It shall be the nght
of the body of delegates from time to
time to advise the reconsideration by
states-menibers of the league
treaties which have become inapplic
able and other international conditions
of which the continuance may
danger the peace of rhe world,
"Article XXV—The high contracting
parties severally agree that the pres
ent covenant is accepted as abrogating
all obligations which are inconsistent
with the terms thereof and solemnly
of engage that they will not hereafter
enter into any engagement inconsistent
with the terms thereof. In case any
of the powers signatory hereto are sub
sequently admitted to the league, they
shall, before becoming a party to this
covenant, have undertaken any obliga
tions which are inconsistent with the
terms of this covenant, it shall be the
.. duty of such. power to rake immediate
- procure its release from such
"Article XXVI—Amendments to this
covenant will take effect when rati
of delegates,
geo- j who sav that the little creatures do
il report in reference to the
■ >f
., ^ .. ,
Ants are the athletes of the insect
world, easily carrying ten times their
own weight. The edifices they rear
by conjoint labor render the pyramids
ridiculous. for the common wood ant
wiii build structures as large as a
haycock, all of mere frapnents. .
others are content with small domiciles
it is because their needs are sufficed.
but all alike dwell beneath their under
ground galleries and halls with the or
der and activity of a busy, well-gov
erned city.
No nonsense is taken in ant land
about everybody being as good and
great as everybody else. They nurse
with infinite devotion the ant babies.,
patting them in the warm upper gal
leries by day and *t night tucking
I them up in the snuggest lower cham
bers. They bring home stores of food
to the ant city, for those are wrong
Compared With the Ant. Man Cannot
Be Considered as Other Than a
Puny Creature.
oot lay up winter provisions.
Throv*>ng Chalk for Luck.
In throwing a piece of chalk after
his men for luck as they poured into
the enemy's ,reaches, the Irish colonel
was but reviving a supers!. Hon «hieb
dates back to the ancient days of
Thrace, where the custom originated
of marking lucky days with a white
stone and unlucky with a black one.
In its eariv youth Rome adopted the
custom, ami although chalk, not belag
indigenous, was chiefly known, as. its
name. creta. implies, as an Import
from Crete, it was generally used for
the marking of lucky days. Accord
Uig to Horace, the marking was done
with chalk for good and coal for bad
Repentant Patsy.
Minnie and her little dog. Patsy,
were playing in the kitchen. Minnie's
mamma was cooking supper and
stumbled over Patsy, causing her to
drop an egg ou the freshly scrubbed
floor. She put Patsy out on the porch
and seated Minnie in a corner. In a
few moments Patsy scratched on the
door and began barking. Minnie said
to her mother: "Mamma, can Patsy
come in now? He's sorry. Don't you
hear htm 'poiogizingr
'oriy Roe y&anr ofjuccexr
Not a cure-all, but a ra
ST ^ tional remedy for catarrh and
all inflammation and conges
tion of the mucous mem
Catarrh attacks the mucous linings. In any organ,
In any part of the body. It Is not, as some Imagine,
confined to the nose and throat, although nasal
catarrh is the most common form and afflicts many
Pe Unchecked catarrh soon breaks down the tissue and
destroys the organs or part. Evidence of the rav
of catarrh are all around us. -Without desire
to frighten anyone, we say: 'Guard yourself against
catarrh as you would .against the direst plague.
Fortify your system. Take Périma." _
A Good 18edict*e ta the Faaitly.
Ä-u^n m th.
East Lake Station. *22» First Avenue.
Birmingham, Alabama. _ _
Périma has cured my stomach and I feel like a
different person. I only took twelve bottles of Pe
runa and can eat anything without distress, some
thing I have not done for fifteen years. _,
I recommend Peruna to everybody suffering with
catarrh of the «tomach.
1029 l«th St,
Columbus, Georgia.
Peruna is Indicated for all forms
of catarrh or catarrhal inflammation
and congestion of the mucous lin
ings in any part or organ, such as
nose, throat, bronchial tubes, lungs,
stomach, bowels, kidneys, biadder,
etc. It is fine for coughs, colds and
effects of the grip and an excellent
preventive remedy.
If you want health, insist upon
having Dr. Hartman's World Fa
mous Peruna Tonic.
Sold Everywhere.
■- &
AH sick and suffering should
write The Peruna Company, Dept.
S-S2, Columbus, Ohio, for Dr. Hart
man's Health Book. The book is
free and contains perhaps Just the
Information, you are seeking. It is
sent in a plain wrapper to any ad
Ask your dealer for a Peruna
Base Bailistiealiy Speaking.
"Do you favor a league of nations'?"
"Yes," replied the baseball fan. "But
"It must be nice to put your ideas I doubt whether all the nations can get
into print." into one league. There always law to
"That part is ail right. The tough * be a few minor leagues for the deveiop
part is in filling space when you ment of talent."
haven't any ideas."—Louisville Coo
Not So Easy.
"So you are writer?"
"Some so allege."
Cruel Suspicion.
"My ancestors came over with the
! early settlers."
"I don't doubt it;
Ask the Chairman, He Knows.
The sweet young thing was visit- they didn t deport them then.
ing the state senate.
"Oh, tell me." she squiggled. "where
do the standing committees stand?"
The older a Iamb grows the more
sheepish he becomes. __
Now Quickly
can be
pains and even heart failure
traced directly to Acid-Stomach.
Avoid these' dangers—don't let acid
stomach wreck your health. Don't
drag oat your days feeiing all in, down
and oat, weak and ailing. Keep the
vital spark flashing. Eat the things
you like and digest your food in com
fort. Then you'll "feel fine—be fit—
mentally alert—have pep and pun c h -
—the power and trill to do things.
Take EATONIC and give yo«r
stomach the help to pet it in a fine,
healthy condition so that it trill digest
your food perfectly and make every
mouthful you eat register 100* in en
riching year blood and building up
bodily strength.
Get a big box of EATOXIC TAB
LETS from yoi* druggist today. They
taste good—just like a bit of candy.
The cost is trifling. It is absolutely
guaranteed. If it fails to relieve your
stomach misery, year druggist will
refund your money.
Those painful attacks of indiges
tion, heart-barn, belching, disgusting
food-repeating; that puffy bloated,
hunpv feeling after eating, dys
and stomach miseries — all
to jost one awful American
only known a a ACID
Fortunateb- there has been discov
ered a wonderful modem remedy—
called EATOXIC—that brings butant
relief from all these stomach miseries
because it absorbs the hurtful excess
add in the stomach and drives out the
bk>Jrt ^ ^ Yoo won - t
have a stomach, so free of pain you'll
ig^j. Besides, it saves you from more
serious ailments because it is a scien
ant tific fact that ACID-STOMACH ire
. chronic stomach trouble, bin
«yere headache, general weakness,
rheumatism, gout, lumbago, intestinal
ulcer, cancer of the stomach, heart
j |
land \
and ;
All Right.
The man you see vomier is a well
known grafier. but he is never uk>
Sl*E .
grafting is his specialty."
stau 'of Ohio. City of Toledo, Lu
; "f.
j p £ trl g busliws, in the City of To
| i*uo. County and State aforettli and that
ca« ot Catarrh
that cannot be cured bT th«_ use of
Sworn to before me and subscribed In
"** ° f DeC< '
(Seal) A. W. Gieasoru Notary Public
, n H {^^y A ^ d R ?<Si rifroJrt^he'BioS
3D the Mucqu* Surface« of u»e System,
Co. Toledo. Ohio*
Testimonial* rim.
A Cat may look the personified lUlUV
cence. but it is just as well to keep the j
canary's cage closed.
BT 111*
M _
j quickly reKcredb* Wart«
LV v9 r** _ „ ,
„ . !"** Comfort. At
j writ* **
| Murl „ e eye Kenedy Co- Chic««»
What our enemies say ought not to j
be taken as evidence.—Olive Logan.
Granulated Eyelids,
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sure to Sea. Bast and R!s4
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c{ YOUR HERD and Ke€D It Out
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Small Expeote
Easflr Applied Sure Remits.
formauos free. Seed foe Fît y. K
copy of "The Cattle SpecmUst" witk full infer
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Stop Your Coughing
No seed to let that ceojh pertist Stew the
tmtarioa, and remove tickiinj and ko«ne>
ness fay tie tetUmed throat with

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