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Idaho tri-weekly world. (Idaho City, Idaho) 1875-1875, June 11, 1875, Image 1

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INTO. 39.
^L- x -
IDAHO CITY, iFTLUDATSr, JUNE 11 , 18 * 73 .
World.
——--- Published
tsMATS, WIMESDAYS AND FRIDAYS,
u Idaho World Printing Company
PT-eT W JONES, BUSINESS MANAGER.
E^ u * t> .--
c • t Railli!« AJitfiuiur lisoiif Ball. Wail StrM.
fa U kka • j
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........invariably in advance.
ÏSS* 3 .....j____
„ „ .. „ of Subscription!
H* # $«i OO ; Three Mentha...$3 OO
(iif '....... -, oo j Single Copt«»«..... <5
■»^''Vü'rri.r. 53 F*r qoirwr.
Kotes ot .-\.dvertisinß!
vn hues «»r less, one insertion... $ 5 00
,y lf t-inirr. ' i ' i " subsequent insertion, *J 00
, a column, per quarter.......... 25 00
•• fourth *'
.. (V.rJ ......
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R'îAUîù&S w •** v4 ' • _ _____
^Professional lîards.
GKO. AINSLIK,
•i*VKSPY AN I» COUNSELOR AT LAW, IDAHO
i - , I 1 . i'ihee eu M «ut^owery street, seeoud
JONAS W. BROWS,
» 77 .VINET AND COUNSELOR AT I.AW. AND
IV Publie, lUhtf t'Jty, I T. Will pnu-tu-e
arts f th.- iVrruory. orrt« K ou Com
i. street, two <J<.»or t'uove Court tie u*o.
W.H, J. ROTHWKLL, M. D.,
P Tt-'Ie I AN'. SUR« »EOS. JtC.. graduate of Jeffer
»on Mel.ci! < Uejfe, Phil* lelpbift < N&C« on
t 'erra do! eiramte street, PUcervilIe, B ise Co..
Variety blotters,
dec4-U

IDAHO F.nctm J»mr nt, N ». 5 , I. C. f— j
'X :• e'.. h nis its regular uteetinu* at jj
rn Tea., la.* Hall. • W.«in* s lay evening« jj
m* ± i.
. . * •* Ah tueiUDrr*
c c »u:. are invited to Attend. By é
uEa^vct vx j.
( J«u. .J, l» 74 -tf
' ' LODGE. No. 2. I. O. O. T..
t - is r -guiar meettugs at its hall. <»u
s*turi»y <»v^aings f eaeb week, at H o'clock
ieml»ers m g x>J auruiing are lavtled to
'V.i By order f the VT. C. T.
luarar if. Joxra. Sec'jr. Jan 15 74-tf
'oaks, stationery aud ilDtions.
C. SILSBY,
i«rccE.woB to in*, k. pnreix * co.)
IRCULATINQ r§lÿm AND VARIETY
LIBRARY Soar STORE.
romcE BtUDiK.............IDAHO CITY,
IÏKA.L.KII IN'
5
----AWD....
eneral news dealer
TOBACCO AND CIGARS,
HILDREN'S toys,
All of which will b«
SOLD CHEAP FOR CASH.-m
[ 'n nir lin.. not found in my ttock,
' , ° r, * c r. be procured in the shortest p«mtiblt
„j. ,^ ,t:rn prie«**— my r*ciiitie» for «o doing being
p e *na expeditiou*. (Jone 12. 1103«
. »iMolntion Wotice.
" K COPARTNERSHIP HERETO
e * l * tto 8 between John Fo«ter and-P®*
niTtJ?V S,lDm ' Home Hotel, and doing bu*l
- h „5f » flrm aame of Potter h Petetwon, at
mutnnî*' BoU ® e°®nty, I. T. f baa been diaaoived
- e . * c ?** en L Mr. Potter haring purchased the
basin Mr ' ,, ® t «T*on, will couttnae to conduct
dehu a** the Penise« at heretofore, receire
due the firm, and pay all the liabiRUot
Caar*«» . JOHN FOSTER.
Bt l °' L T. January rt, 1875-wA-1
5
A NIGHT INTHH CRATER.
The Fearful Adventure of two Daring Americ
ana in penetrating the Volca
no of Popocatapetl.
I succeeded in reaching an altitude
of nearly 18,000 feet, and then gave
out on account of a previous illness,
from which I had not fully recovered,
and was compelled to return to a
ranch down on the "timber line."
Here 1 awaited the return of the par
ty, which was composed of Col. Gras
tv of Virginia and Mr. Harry Stephens
of Cleveland, who had accompanied
me from home.
The gigantic crater is about one
mile in diameter and 4,500 feet deep,
ami, almost incredible to believe, but
nevertheless true, there is a settle
ment consisting of forty sulphur mi
ners in the bottom of this awful cavi
ty, their only modi* of ingress and
egress from this infernal region being
by the means of a windlass, and 1,000
feet of rope, by which they are low
ered down to a shelf in the side of the
abyss, the rest of the journey down
ward being performed on foot, over a
a long and steep descent. The
thoughts of Grastv and Stevens were
now turned to a horrible gulf that
vawued before them, for in it they
must pass the night, which would fall
in the course of two or three hours;
for it was alike impossible to spend it
on the mountain top or to return down
t*i the "timber line.*' An Indian em
ploye of the sulphur mine had prec«*d
ed them up the volcan * l*eariiig their
letter * f introduction to Senor Corcha
do, the superintendent of the mine,
who immediately repaired to the sum
mit, where he met them half or three
quarters of an hour after their arrival.
Corchad », "the old Man of the
Mountain,*' is a singular character.
Born at Timacas, lie has always lived
on the mountain, or in his present
brimstone home, where his father lived
and died before him. He has been in
timately connected with Popocatapetl
and everything associated with the
great volcano f,ir over a half century.
He now lives at the bottom of the cra
ter, 4,500 feet below its rock rim. To
this strange abode he welcomed Gras
tv and Stevens with heartiness and re
al hospitality.
ENTERING THF. VOIXTaXO.
Thev zigzagged down the bleared
and blackened rocks about 200 feet,
and came to a windlass called "El
Malaeate." From this was suspended
a cable about an inch and a half in di
ameter and a thousand feet long.
From this point they obtained a mag
nificent view of the crater, whose walls
rose in all directions in a frightful
wildness and sublimity. They at
once appreciated its enormous dimen
sions. Nearly a ihile below them was
the bottom, almost lost in the dark
ness and distance. To illustrate the
great depth, it would be no exagger
ation to say that if you were to take
Mount Vesuvius, which is 4,500 feet
high, and turn it upside down and
stick it into the crater, it would about
fill it. This gulf presents one of the
grandest sights on earth, and has a
terrible fascination for the beholder.
The most stolid arc greatly impressed,
while the susceptible are completely
overwhelmed by its awful sublimity.
Grasty and Stevens peered over the
ledge where stood the windlass, and
saw far, far below them a level rock
that formed the top of a long, steep
declivity, at the foot of which was a
black spot. This they were told was
the miner's house. They were to de
scend to the declivity by the rope,
having accepted Corchado's invitation
*
I
j
!
j
j
I
j
;
t
j
j
I
to spend the night below. Corchado
and Stevens went first. They were
tied to the cable in such a manner
that they sat side by side.
For about the distance of 150 feet
the ledge from which they made their
wild leap projected out over the preci
pice, and consequently they hung free
and dangling in mid-air. It was only
a minute or two, however, before they
came to a place where the cliff bellied
out further than the windlass rock,
Mid they were compelled to kick
against its strong front to keep clear
of it. Immense clouds of sulphurous
steam and gasses rolled skyward from
beneath this projection. These nausc
that trickled in little rivulets from the
gashed and fin* marked walls of the j
crater. Noxious vapors floattal
through the air—all seemed a horrible (
nightmare. They reachnl the declivi-j
ated St«*
veil
s, am
1 set
him
to vomi
badly.
The
V wc
re now out of sig
it of
till* pi*oj
de a
hove
them.
Stevens
af
terward
sai«
l he
felt
that
he was
go
ing straight
into
the
laws
of hell.
On
every si
de «
f t lu
n w;
is a
gigantic
and !
hideous
mi
ll of
cracked
cliffs
and
blister«*«
or;
Igs.
Beneath
them were
pools of liquid and burning sulphur
ty in safety after a fearful journey of
ten minutes, and untied themselves, j
1 he roj*e was then pu lh.nl up. !
the pûmes of AVKRXt s. j
The Colonel proceed«*« 1 to tie him-q]
soll «in. 1 iirough 8« »me mistake the,This
r«»|*e that went round his hack slipped :
down t«*o low. Ho dropped tromi«great
j
the crag, still weak from the suffering j
!»♦* had experienced in the ascent. Kv- j
erything went well until In* got t* » the |
pîaee where the precipice bulges out.jduce
Her»* ilisast<*r «»vert«*ok him. A « l«»u«l j
hnn. ami :
h,» faint«-«! away with yet 700 feet tojto
«lescend. C«*r«hado ami Stevens saw;
him let go id tli«* rope, thr«*w his arms j
out grasping at the air, and fall back i
«
«.f gas-laden vapor envelope
until ins iH*a«l
was lower than his
heels; then spin round ami round,
* striking the sharp rocks in a fearful !
I manner. Stevms said it fairly made
his blood run cnhl, ami he turned hisjing
j head from the awful sight. Mean
! while Corchado had given tin* man at
j the windlass a sign to lower taster,
j and Grasty h apparently lifeless and
I mutilated bmly s«»on reached the spot
j where they stood. His face was se
; verely bruised, and his clothing bad
ly torn, while the blood was trickling
t - «
j from his nose ami ears, but lie still
breathed. After an hour's rubbing
j and throwing of snow in bis face lie
I came to, and the whole party, now
augmented by the arrival of a num
ber of peon miners from below, de
scended the sloping side of the crater.
Corchado and his Indians led the way,
slowly followed by Grasty, who was
supported by Stevens and a peon.
After they had got about half way
down the steep they experienced from
the ice and stones great difficulty in
traveling. The most annoying thing,
however, was the constant danger
they were in of ln?ing crushed by the
huge chunks of ice and rock that wore
continually rolling down. This debris
is the matter that is loosened daily by
the sun, whose warmth strikes off its
icy fetters and suffers gravity to have
its way. After two hours slippery
descending they reached
THE BOTTOM OF THE PIT
about half after 4 in the afternoon of
Thanksgiving day. It was now more
than fourteen hours since they had
left the ranch on the timber line. Du
ring this time they had ascended over
6,000 feet to the summit, and then de
scended 4,500 feet into the bowels of
the volcano. That is, they were about
eleven hours going up 0,000 feet, and
three hours going down, including
stoppages at the edge of the crater.
Here they found a hut made of stones,
inhabited by tiie sulphur miners. On
arriving at the but they immediately
threw themselves upon a pile of mats
and sought slumber, but they lay all
the long night wearied and worn,
rolling and tossing in ineffectual at
tempts to gain a little sleep. The
next morning Corchado prepared
breakfast, and summoned them to par
take 1 of it. Aside from drinking a cup
of coffee, they could eat nothing.
Their stomachs were not used to the
treatment they had been receiving the
past thirty six hours, and so refused
to be comforted. Their lungs, too,
were also in rebellion, and were dis
gusted with the vapidity <»f the air
and the gaseous exhalations of the
"breathing holes.'" These they now
visited in company with their genor
ous host. They are the mighty fis
j sures that appear in every direction
j„ the bottom of this vast cavity
( They are not very broad, but are deep,
From these fissures issued dense
!
masses of vapor and smoke, heavily
j laden with sublimated sulphur. This
! condenses as soon as the steam strikes
j the cold air above, and then falls in a
IM » K prinkle mi the surrounding rocks,
the,This process lias b«*en going on f«>r
: ages, until the whole interior of this
tromi«great orifice is ihieklv coated with a
j " *
j remarkably fine quality of the tl«*ur ofj
j sulphur. This is In quantities that are
| inexhaust il*l«\ and s «me «lay will pro
out.jduce a e««los-al L.ituno for its owner,
j (ù»n. Oe!u»a. F««rtv miners are now
: engage*d in excavat ng and h listing it
tojto the t«»p of the crater.
To return to the chasms, however,
j T|„. party visited the largest and
i p r/ .,.d <l<»wn int«, it. They could see
« no lx>tt«»m,
|darkness. They rolled a huge stone
! jut«» its ragged throat. A series of
reports, caused by the missile bound
hisjing from side t<» side «*f the pit, came
back, l«>ud at first but gradually di
niinishing until they died away in the
f*r it ended in stygian
awful depths below. The other holes
were vomiting steam and making a
great noise, which at times seemed
like the slow and laboring throb of
Cyclopean enginery. At others it
soundo«! like the bellowing and shriek
ing of devils. Having now seen every
thing that could be seen, they bid
their new-made but long-to-bc-romcrn
bered friend, Corchado, farewell, and
set out to return, accompanied by four
Indians.
THE ASCENT.
The 4,500 feet climb to the end of
the rope was a fearful job, but the as
cent by the rope w as still worse. They
were compelled to kick and push
against the cliff incessantly to prevent
being dragged to pieces on the sharp
rocks. They got to the top in safety,
however, and there found more peons
to take them to the "timber line." They
made the descent by sitting down on
a piece of thick matting, with an In
dian seated behind each of them, to
steer this novel vehicle while sliding
down the mountain over the snow and
ice. They descended six miles in less
than twenty minutes.
One time, while buried in a thick,
snow-laden cloud, they came near slip
ping into the Barranca del Muertc, a
chasm 3,000 feet deep. On reaching
the end of the snow fields they found
their horses at La Cruz and then rode
to Tlamacas. When I met them I
scarcely recognized them, they were
so haggard, sunburnt, bruised,, and
dirty.
When Cortez conquered Mexioo, Po
pocatapetl was in a state of combus
tion, and throwing out vast volumes of
smoke, which could be seen for a him- 5
dred miles in every direction. Now
the quantity is so small that it can be
seen only after arriving at its base.
The first white man to ascend it was
Francisco Montano, in 1519. He was
sent to the crater for a supply of sul
phur for Cortez, and to impress the
Aztecs with the courage of the Span
iards. Since then numerous ascen
sions have been made by eminent sa
vans, travelers, and adventurers from
Europe and the United States. Mrs.
John W. Foster, the wife of our Min
ister, and Mrs. Arthur Terry, of Con
necticut, are the only women that ever
scaled Popocatapetl to its top, and
Col. S. G. Grasty and Harry Stevens,
of Cleveland, are the billy foreigners
that ever descended to the bottom of
the crater, and there passed the night.
The last eruption of Popocatapetl
occurred, according to an ancient Az
tec Maguey paper manuscript now in
the possession of Senor Ramerez, of
Mecarriecca, about the middle of the
.
fourteenth century, nearly one hun
dred and seventy years before the Span
iard first trod the valley of Mexico.—
Cleveland Leader.
That Russia is stealing a march on
Great Britain is not doubtful—and has
nut been for two years past. Every
few months the British Government
protests vigorously, and the Russian
Emperor explains and apologizes in
the blandest way possible—but still
the gigantic march goes on. The la
* tost development is the fact that Rus
sia is laving* a railway across Persia,
j U11 .j cr a secret, treaty stipulation with
the Khan. This railway is connected
with the Russian railway system. In
this connection, our American Consul,
Mr. Schuyler, wrote home that Abdul
Rahman Khan had given assurances
that the Afghans would gi;«diy take
up arms against the British rule in In
dia. If this statement is com*« ir
shows the effect of Russian intrigiM
with the Afghans. On the whole, t;.*•
situation in Northwestern India is m-t
reassuring to Englaud.
- « ■ ■ ——
The prospect of volcanic eruptions
in the w'est seems to be good, if the
opinion of the geologists of Wheeler's
expedition is correct. In the past they
have occurred so recently that it is in
deed surprising that there is no human
record of them, and eruptions may
take place at any time in the future.
In Southern Utah, they ascertained
that there are connected floods of lava
covering an area of five thousand
square miles, while in Arizona and
New Mexico there is an area of not
less than twenty thousand square
miles, and never before recognized as*
a connected belt.
Col. Carrington, U. S. Army, Pity*
fessor of Military Science and Dynam
ic Engineering at Wabash College, In
diana, has been engaged for nearly
four years in the preparation of a
work upon the Battles of the Revolu
tion, with maps, after the style of Jo
mini's Napoleon. The purpose is to
discuss the battles from a military
standpoint, stripped of anecdote and
all intrinsic matter, and accompanied
by such outlines of military science as
will adapt the volume to the mind of
the general scholar, and make it as
well a volume for instruction at all in
stitutions of learning. This will bo
something long needed.

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