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THE NEZPERCE HERALD
Subscription, $2.00 U No> 44 NEZPERCE, IDAHO, THURSDAY. APRIL J. 1920 Leading Paper Lewis County Circulation, 1,400 TEACHEE SALARy T SCHEDDLE. , County Vifftf Conv _ Do Well At Association at tended and Successful. Unanimously Concur In Trustees Salary Scale Ranging From $110 to $165. The most important Work done hv the first convention of the tews County Teachers' Associa tif held at llo last Friday, was ir.c.mpiltogand'.dopton^ ~ M Elliott of the Lewiston State Normal characterized as the most comprehensively arrived at and trn ly equitable of any that he had vet had the privilege of examin ais' and emphasis is given his statement by the unanimous ac ceptance of this salary 'scale at the county meeting of the school trus in this city last Saturday. of the importance of a tees m Because this matter to the entire county The Herald is glad to present to its readers the full repoi t of the "salary committee," and this with the hope that it will be care fully studied. The Ho conference was largely attended and the fine program of the day and evening received en thusiastic attention. This includ ed addresses by President Elliott of the Lewiston Normal, Prof. P. TI. Soul an, of the Idaho Univer sity; Miss Wilson, county super intendent, and Attorney G. Orr McMinimy, of Ho; and a banquet in the evening, given to the teach ers by the people of Ho. Resolutions adopted at the Lew is county Teachers' Association held at Ho, Friday, March 26. Resolved, that we recommend to the board of county commis of Lewis county that the sioners the county superintendent's sal ary be raised to at least tveo thousand dollars per year and suf ficient office assistance, to enable her to keep up the clerical duties of that office. Resolved, that teachers of Lew is county continue tion in order that the welfare of the teachers, pupils and school pa trons be made a matter of special study and improved from time to time. Resolved, that a report of the salary committee of the Lewis County Teachers Organization be presented to the school trustees at their annual meeting held in Nez perce Saturday, March 27. continual shifting of teachers, principals and superintendents Resolved, that as the present detrimental to the best interests of teachers, principals, superin tendents, pupils and school pa trons alike, and combined with in adequate salaries according to the preparation that is required of the teacher is directly responsible for the lack of good teachers today and the present inefficiency of many of the Idaho schools today. Resolved, that we recommend that the State Teachers Organi zation and the State Department of Education should bring before th governor and the next legis lature facts setting forth the con ditions, and that laws be passed that will have a tendency to make the positions of teacherfc of the state more permanent, secure bet ter trained teachers and better the conditions that exist in the Idaho schools. Resolved, that a copy of these resolutions be sent to the presi dent of the state Teachers' Associ ation and to the state Department of Education. Russell Webb, Pres. Lewis County Teachers' Association. Report of the Salary Committee. Made at the convention of Lewis county teachers at Ho, March 26, ana unanimously adopted at the meeting of school trustees Nezperce, March 27. 0 the Members of the Lewis bounty Teachers' Association: } our committee on salaries, ap pointed at Lewiston IfCst fall to ocommend a salary schedule for %wis county teachers for 1920-21, ■ ready to report and begs leave submit the following : n Pursuance of the work of the i„ c r ' mi ]^ee initiated at Lewiston m f & u at the Seven-County 6 OL 61 * 8 ' Institute, an investiga tin'! . as been conducted by the of °.f fbe financial status a, *}? Lewis county teachers. i shonaires have been sent out the S alâri^3éngthTS"„ï ^ fessional needs, reereation qhv iners ete *nA LuZt l \ made by 60 per cent nAmf beCn tv 's teacher TlI h Î t C0U1 '' ty s teachers. The data thus sp cured has been summarized and averaged and used by the commit ures m foTt k his g renir mPUtlng u es tor this repoit. Before proceeding, the commit tee desires to read into its report the flowing information suppli xi +- y ,6 field secretary of the JNational Educational Association r!'° n )n! ds office at Washington, D. O. 1 hese have been obtained by an investigation of condition's bearing upon the teacher sitution in the state of Idaho : Total, number of teachers in eluded in the report, 2604. Total number of teachers drop ped out last year, 33 per cent. Total number of teachers enter in g the profession, 42 per cent. Total shortage of teachers re ported, six per cent. Total number of teachers below standard, five per cent. (A recent newspaper report of semi-official worth, places the to tal number of teachers in Idaho below standard at 450, or about one out of every ipx in the state.) The following are answers giv en by 27 county superintendents: Has it been necessary to lower standard to get teachers? Yes, 17—No, 10. Have teachers' salaries increas ed as have salaries in other voca tions? Yes, 7—No, 20. Have teachers' salaries increas ed in proportion to cost of living? Yes, 1—No, 26. Is the number of teachers be low 21 years increasing? Yes, 12 —No, 11. Are promising young men and women attracted to the profesricr. as in the past? Yes, 3—No, 23. The ensuing quotation is appro priate since it seems to indicate that the work ol + his committee aims at, and if properly followed up, will strike at the very heart of the teacher and school crisis prevalent throughout the nation: "We have prepared a similar summary for every state from the signed report of the superinten dents. It is noticeable that in those states in which salaries are highest, conditions are best; and where salaries are lowest, condi tions are most serious. Data compiled from the Lewis county questionaires ik as follows : Average monthly salary of county teachers .$ 94.43 Average yearly salary .$806.(9 Same distributed over a period of 12 months, per month . Yearly salary at average for 7 mo. term . Same per month for 12 mo. Yearly salary at average for 8 mo. term . <63.44 Same per mo. over 12 rao. 63.6^ Yearly salary at average for'9 mo. terra. Same per mo. over 12 mo. Average cost of board and room per mo. Average cost of same rural districts . Average cost of same towns ... Average monthly outlay for clothes . Average monthly . outlay for professional items .... Average monthly outlay for recreation, vacations ' 1 $ 67.23 667.01 55.66 858.87 71.57 29.80 111 .. 26.00 in 36.00 20.29 2.67 4.99 fitrC .. (One report states, "No money to spend that way.") Five teachers in the count} than 40 per cent, but save more those with one exception are normal ; two are superintendents, one has an income from a faun, one lives at home and hei par furnish her all clothes and ab ents Mrtst reported a saving for the period of work, but that this was all consumed during the summer The average cost of schooling above tbe high school figured out to be approximately $<P® 1 year. Most of the county s teach ers work 9 month terms. With two exceptions, teachers expiess ed themselves emphatically as be ing dissatisfied with their oppor tunities for self improvement. From the above and othei con sidérations, the committee amy ed at the following concisions. 1 That the average outlay for ecreation is dangerously small. 2 That the average outlay tor rofessional improvement Hems is low. v P 3 That while the average monthly salary is about $95 while dktributed ^thS'liXg 'year ^ a rni, j r» . , 4 ' That few teachers in the C j Un , ty ' P ossi bly the five mention e - d a , bove - are aW e to lay aside a single dollar from year to year to proride for a rainy day 5. That no person ^Vith de pendents - exce P* the superintend e nts and principals, are permitted to teach, the ineonies being pro hibitive 8 F 6. That little reward is given for years of experience and ad vaneed scholarship. 7. That teachers' salaries in Lewis county, when compared with those of other vocations where much less preparation is re quired, are shockingly small. These conditions and others have led the committee to believe that a salary schedule to be just to the teacher must be made with due regard for each of these points. And in reaching its find ings, the committee has weighed these and others. In making its compilations, the committee has used a year of nine months as a basis for the working year, since most of the county's pedagogues work for that length of term, and the disbursements for a year have been spread over a period of 12 months, so that a 'surplus must be retained from each of the 9 months to support the instructor during the remain ing three. The committee has as sumed that every teacher of no matter what legal status has a right to a subsistence wage. Con sequently, an income could be set below which a teacher need not contract, and, in fairnesfe to the rest of the profession, ought not to contract. Based upon rising costs, as well as upon present ad vanced prices, these items have been selected with the am ou nth opposite them as the requisites to make the living wage: Food and shelter per mo... $35.00 Clothing. Recreation, vacation ex penses . Professional improvement items . Surplus for emergencies, illness, etc. 21.00 10.00 5.00 5.00 78.50 For the entire year, times 12 . For month for school year of 9 months, divided by 9 .... 110.00 Even this schedule will give little or no opportunity for sav ing. In the estimation of the com mittee, no teacher can afford 1o contract for less than $110 per monh for a period of nine months, unless actual living expenses are below the calculations above, or 990.00 vice versa As for schools of shorter terms, • if would seem that the in tbeoiy /V7 or 8 nmnth lenn tea t ^ hove a monSh salary 0U £A .l i -i, „ + 0 „lake her ,sufficiently highei to maiee ner aggregate y y : iaar . However, these te ms aie in a iably thatboard where figures show that bem a ancl .®2jL ntlv the outlay and r fnv nlnthimr is often necessary f | ■ smaller. Not shoit teim . . y , . frZ VJ 1 longer peS thereby to bave g before to spend at summer schooq^Dmme her final P lofa p ' o " ldo w has been reached bomo allow anee, also, must J render tual corapaiatiye ■ _ ' , - , . T °°; AÄÄdä for allotment for the rural teacher tor recreation has been s t g . - the opportuiiities for , p o is limited, "'ben ( P the town teacher sehanc. I j tromze lectures, show's, etc. « 1 r the estimation 0 for re' the limiting of the chances for re- ! creation by chosing 1 school to wor „ k ^ 'LtJ abovei which the money a » can in no ' Thus, the committee has . upon $110 per month as t it mum mum salary for Lewis county teachers without regai d f «al qualification. , In addition, every teacher wtio ha's expended the time and money attendant upon a normal or co - lege education, should be compen sated for the same by a return up-, on investment just as a business man or farmer expects and de mands a return upon his capital (It is assumed that the time o. a person spent in acquiring a hign schooling is a sacrifice necessary j to good citizenship.) Using tj figure $750 per year as the aver est, (Continued on page 8). g« tri MOHLER ITEMS. Everett Williams has taken his old job of carrying mail again, as Alya Centers is working for Har ley Brannon. Rosa Oddson ha's been clerking in the Mohler Grocery Store dur ing the past week. Mabel Broker attended the Teachers' conference at llo Fri day and spent Saturday and Sun day with her parents, Mr. and Mrs. H. P. Broker, of llo,return ing home Saturday evening. Jim Washburn spent the week end with H. W v Longeteig and family. Mrs. Rurey was called to the bedside of her sister, Mrs. Chas. McColister, Sunday. Bernice Rurey spent Sunday evening with her friend, Augusta Oddson. The seventh grade pupils of the Mohler school are preparing to take the final examinations in Nezperce next week. Easter services will be held at the Mohler church Sunday, April 4th. There will be all day ser vices, including a small program. Everybody is invited to attend. A. G. Gross left Monday for his home in Asotin, Washington, Lily Oddson spent Sunday evening with her friend, Louise Davis. Nearly all the Mohler farmers have started their spring plowing. Edith Smith, teacher of the Sunset school attended the teach ers' conference at llo, Friday, March 26. Elmer Ralstin, while on his way to Sunday school at Mohler Sun day, had the sad disaster of breaking his buggy. Farmer Oddson spent Sunday with his parents, Mr. and Mrs. E. B. Oddson. The former is working for Joe Dunham this spring. Don't forget to come in and see the spring hats at the Mohler store before Easter. Harley Brannon has been re modeling his house the paid week. C. W. Rurey was called to Frank Senters' Sunday. Albert Cuddy was on the sick list last Sunday but is allright again. Correspondent. m m % PUBLIC SCHOOL NEWS The Fighting Canadians, the fourth number of the Lyceum course will be here to give a pro gram in the Nezperce High School auditorium on the evening of April 9. They were billed for Feb. 7, but on account of the in fluenza ban their date had to be ^ Jt . g with great a nti cipation that we look forward to 1 number. We are sure the an dience will be well entertained. ^ Skiuner and Miss Dickin son went to Spokane Tue'sday to attend the Inland Empire Teach ers > Convention which is being he ld there. Following are the high school averages for March : Esther Lehman 97, Marie Rowe gj% Edng Cargill 961/3, Maude Jamison 96%, Fannie Farrar 95%, Sch]ader 95> Josep hine Thomas 95, Lois Harris 94%, Eu Chillion 94%, Eulalia Schaf S 94, Violet Smith 93%, Chari« g3y ^ WUbur Ellis 93f ^ oe Curless 92%, Milton Johnson 991/., Lelah Greek 921/3, Blanche Seehorn 92%, Mabel Erickson 92, Mabel Mitchell 92j Lula Adams AUce y hoe kley 91, Wm. Con ger 90%, Anita Swartz 90%, g» » ^ Forest Covey gQ1/ Elbert Stellmon 90%, Sarah Johnson 90,1 Vera Rowe 89%, Ethel Stevens 89%, Curry Felt 89, Se Thompson 89, FaV Harris qqs/. Georeia Rowe 88%, Her -4, Baskett 88%, Elizabeth g8> Da!e Harding 87%, Buckanan 87%, Joe Farrar 86%. Wayne Henderson 86%, 01 Moser 86, Dale Swartz 85%, John F]att 85%, Winifred Rig g5 Marie Poteet 85, Dorothy Earbke §5^ Elwood Johnson 85, R Rowe 3 4 ; Leo Hines 84, Grace Hu j| ivan g3 ( Clayton Miller 83, . Mitchell 83, Albert Stach Earl gtellmon 82 %, ' ' p oteet gl, Alva Smith 81, ckar j es Flatt 77, Wallace Gamble ^ Mike Brown 74%. d } ie following averages ^ j n , Elma Cook, Enoch Erick and Olive Erickson. m fUE Sill! Ada are son I Lawson Wins the Fight. Charles Lawson, Lewiston's favorite son of the boxing ring defeated H B. Moody, the local glove artist, in a ten-round bout at the high school gymnasium here last Saturday night. In the first round Lawson caught Moody a sharp clip on the temple which left the latter half blinded and dazed, but Moody fought gamely on till the third, when in making a swing at Lawson's face he landed in such a manner as to badly strain the tendons of his right thumb ; still he went on to the end of the tenth, disabled be yond ability to meet his opponent aggressively, but nervy enough to stick and clever enough to pre vent a knock-out Lawson weighed in at 160% and Moody at 147%, the former also had the advantage of about three inches in height, but Moody equalized this distance somewhat in his 'superior speed, and it was conceded by many that had not the smaller man disabled his right hand early in the game there might have been a different ory to relate, for he showed wonderful recuperative powers in the last three rounds of the bout, even with his, game wing. It was a clean exhibition of the sport, and while there were no particular thrills injected, the 200 spectators went away very well satisfied. Dr. E. L. White, of Lewiston, refereed the null and when, just after the close of the tenth in ning, he had Lawson stand and held up his arm in proclaiming him the victor, he-received the same assent from the crowd that had been accorded his entire ref ereeship. The three preliminary bouts were highly entertaining and showed pretty good work at times, bringing out the fact that Nezperce has not a litlje talent in the manly art. The principals in these three-round preliminaries were : McCready and Corriel, Johnson and Maxwell, and Ken nedy and Mikkelson. This was the first exhibition of the sort to be staged on the prai rie and quite a number attended it from Lewiston and neighbor ing points, and had the weather been more favorable would have been doubled. The local Legion Post had charge and saw to it that the whole affair was conducted ac coiriing to the rules and laws governing such contests. Lining Up Prairie Base Ball League. Chris. W. Kettman represented the local base ball fraternity at the meeting of prairie fans at Grangeville last Saturday night, where delegates from Grangeville Cottonwood, Ferdinand, Kanuah Kooskia and Nezperce were in at tendance. The sentiment domi nating the meeting presaged an other good year of this sport on the prairie, and a league ganization was effected by the election of Harold Harris, presi dent, and Sheldon Stubbs, secre tary; both of Grangeville. At this meeting a six-team or ganization was contemplated—to include Grangeville, Cottonwood, Ferdinand, Ho-Vollmer, Kamiah and Nezperce-but Kooskia made a strong bid for membership, and i t it likely,, if Winchester gets up a team and wishes to join, that these two points will be added, making it an eight-team league, This phase will be settled in the „ear future. It is p ] am ied to open the sea son's schedule on May 2, and the general rules governing the or ganization last year will be con tinned, with the important excep tion of the removal of any limit on the employment of outside tal ent . A team entrance fee of $7.50 was provided to cover general ex penses. 1 or Card of Thanks. We take this means of extend ing, so far as words can express, sincere thanks to the good friends and neighbors who so loy ally came to our assistance during *and following the fatal illness of our beloved husband, son and brother, Evert Beenders, and in this expression of thanks we are mindful of the many beautiful floral offerings made by friends. Mrs. Evert Beenders. Mr. and Mrs. W. K. Been ders and Family. Mr. and Mris. C. S. Cook and Family. our W. F. Johnson went to Spokane Friday to visit hîs family. NEWS STORIES BRIEFLY TOLD. Items of Interest Gleaned From The Daily Life of Home Folks In Town and County. Martin Ledreter was an llo vis itor Saturday. Mr. and MA*. Floyd Rowe are Lewiston visitors this week. Normal Stellmon returned Fri day from a visit to Spokane. County Agent Wade was in Lewiston the first of the week. Wade Eraick was a visitor in the city from Vollmer Saturday. Newest spring ideas in boys' suits—ages 6 to 17—at Carlson %. Mrs. Chas. Edwards returned Monday from a visit to Spokane. A. G. Gross was a visitor in this section the first of the week from Asotin. Sheriff A. W. Mitchell went to Lewiston yesterday on official business. Deputy Sheriff Smith was in Winchester on official business Tuesday. I. H. Billow returned Sunday from a visit with relatives in Clarkston. For strength and durability use cedar posts, sold by the Prairie Lumber Co. Spring clothes and everything in men's and young men's apparel at Carlson's. Mrs. L. J. Rowe and daughter, Miss Blanche, were passengers for Lewiston Monday. Mr. and Mrs. John Harris re turned Sunday from an extended visit to Clarkston. Mrs. Clay Smith and daughter returned Friday from a visit with relatives at Kennewick. Z. A. Johnson, the railroad builder, was up from Lewiston the latter part of last week. Mrs. J. Glen Miller returned yesterday from a visit with her home folks at Coeur d'Alene. Mr. and Mrs. E. D. Turner, of the Mohler section, returned yes terday from California points. District Locomotive Boiler In spector John B. Brown wab down from Spokane Sunday to look over the N. & I. engine. Robinson, piano man who has been on the prairie the past week looking after busi ness, returned to his home in Clarkston this morning. Dr. E. L. White, T. A. Feney, Dr. Peterson and A. C. Perciful were among those from Lewiston who took in the Moody-Lawson fight here Saturday night. For Sale—120-acre dairy and fruit ranch ; 11 acres in cultiva tion; one-half mile Steele post of fice. A good proposition and a bargain at $2500. Call this office or L. D. Parsons, Steele, Ida. The 1920 hunting and fishing licenses are now on tap In this district and may be had locally from M. D. DeMoude at the City Drug store. But the 'season clos es today on trout fishing for two months, and there will probably not be much demand here for li censes till this ban is off. This section has been experienc ing some very disagreeable weath er the past ten days, but it is mild compared with the storms that swept the territory between the Great Lakes and the Gulf of Mexico the first of the week. In these 200 lives were lost and a property damage of over $6,000, 000 sustained. The Hallowell Concert Co. gave a very creditable entertainment at the Temple Theatre here last night, and while inclement weath prevented the attendance that was expected, the fine program greatly enjoyed by all who fortunate as to be out. ic er was were so The concert was given under the auspices of the local Legion post and although the boys did not make anything off the enterprise they are not sorry they brought this high class entertainment to the community. Easter Observance at Christian Church. Following the regular Sunday school session, an Easter program rill be given next Sunday morn ing at the Christian church in this city, which will include special Easter music by the choir and re citations, readings and exercises by members of the Sunday school. One of the famous basket din ners will conclude the Easter Day service, to which everybody is in vited, and those who can conven iently do so are asked to bring well filled baskets. ■3.