THE NEZPERCE HERALD
U No> 44
NEZPERCE, IDAHO, THURSDAY. APRIL J. 1920
Leading Paper Lewis County
TEACHEE SALARy T SCHEDDLE.
Vifftf Conv _
Do Well At
tended and Successful.
Unanimously Concur In
Salary Scale Ranging From
$110 to $165.
The most important Work done
hv the first convention of the
tews County Teachers' Associa
tif held at llo last Friday, was
~ M Elliott of the Lewiston State
Normal characterized as the most
comprehensively arrived at and
trn ly equitable of any that he had
vet had the privilege of examin
ais' and emphasis is given his
statement by the unanimous ac
ceptance of this salary 'scale at the
county meeting of the school trus
in this city last Saturday.
of the importance of
this matter to the entire county
The Herald is glad to present to
its readers the full repoi t of the
"salary committee," and this
with the hope that it will be care
The Ho conference was largely
attended and the fine program of
the day and evening received en
thusiastic attention. This includ
ed addresses by President Elliott
of the Lewiston Normal, Prof. P.
TI. Soul an, of the Idaho Univer
sity; Miss Wilson, county super
intendent, and Attorney G. Orr
McMinimy, of Ho; and a banquet
in the evening, given to the teach
ers by the people of Ho.
Resolutions adopted at the Lew
is county Teachers' Association
held at Ho, Friday, March 26.
Resolved, that we recommend
to the board of county commis
of Lewis county that the
the county superintendent's sal
ary be raised to at least tveo
thousand dollars per year and suf
ficient office assistance, to enable
her to keep up the clerical duties
of that office.
Resolved, that teachers of Lew
is county continue
tion in order that the welfare of
the teachers, pupils and school pa
trons be made a matter of special
study and improved from time to
Resolved, that a report of the
salary committee of the Lewis
County Teachers Organization be
presented to the school trustees at
their annual meeting held in Nez
perce Saturday, March 27.
continual shifting of teachers,
principals and superintendents
Resolved, that as the present
detrimental to the best interests
of teachers, principals, superin
tendents, pupils and school pa
trons alike, and combined with in
adequate salaries according to the
preparation that is required of the
teacher is directly responsible for
the lack of good teachers today
and the present inefficiency of
many of the Idaho schools today.
Resolved, that we recommend
that the State Teachers Organi
zation and the State Department
of Education should bring before
th governor and the next legis
lature facts setting forth the con
ditions, and that laws be passed
that will have a tendency to make
the positions of teacherfc of the
state more permanent, secure bet
ter trained teachers and better
the conditions that exist in the
Resolved, that a copy of these
resolutions be sent to the presi
dent of the state Teachers' Associ
ation and to the state Department
Russell Webb, Pres. Lewis County
Report of the Salary Committee.
Made at the convention of Lewis
county teachers at Ho, March 26,
ana unanimously adopted at the
meeting of school trustees
Nezperce, March 27.
0 the Members of the Lewis
bounty Teachers' Association:
} our committee on salaries, ap
pointed at Lewiston IfCst fall to
ocommend a salary schedule for
%wis county teachers for 1920-21,
■ ready to report and begs leave
submit the following :
n Pursuance of the work of the
i„ c r ' mi ]^ee initiated at Lewiston
m f & u at the Seven-County
6 OL 61 * 8 ' Institute, an investiga
tin'! . as been conducted by the
of °.f fbe financial status
a, *}? Lewis county teachers.
i shonaires have been sent out
the S alâri^3éngthTS"„ï
fessional needs, reereation qhv
iners ete *nA LuZt l \
made by 60 per cent nAmf beCn
tv 's teacher TlI h Î t C0U1 ''
ty s teachers. The data thus sp
cured has been summarized and
averaged and used by the commit
ures m foTt k his g renir mPUtlng
u es tor this repoit.
Before proceeding, the commit
tee desires to read into its report
the flowing information suppli
xi +- y ,6 field secretary of the
JNational Educational Association
r!'° n )n! ds office at Washington, D.
O. 1 hese have been obtained by
an investigation of condition's
bearing upon the teacher sitution
in the state of Idaho :
Total, number of teachers in
eluded in the report, 2604.
Total number of teachers drop
ped out last year, 33 per cent.
Total number of teachers enter
in g the profession, 42 per cent.
Total shortage of teachers re
ported, six per cent.
Total number of teachers below
standard, five per cent.
(A recent newspaper report of
semi-official worth, places the to
tal number of teachers in Idaho
below standard at 450, or about
one out of every ipx in the state.)
The following are answers giv
en by 27 county superintendents:
Has it been necessary to lower
standard to get teachers? Yes,
Have teachers' salaries increas
ed as have salaries in other voca
tions? Yes, 7—No, 20.
Have teachers' salaries increas
ed in proportion to cost of living?
Yes, 1—No, 26.
Is the number of teachers be
low 21 years increasing? Yes, 12
Are promising young men and
women attracted to the profesricr.
as in the past? Yes, 3—No, 23.
The ensuing quotation is appro
priate since it seems to indicate
that the work ol + his committee
aims at, and if properly followed
up, will strike at the very heart
of the teacher and school crisis
prevalent throughout the nation:
"We have prepared a similar
summary for every state from the
signed report of the superinten
dents. It is noticeable that in
those states in which salaries are
highest, conditions are best; and
where salaries are lowest, condi
tions are most serious.
Data compiled from the Lewis
county questionaires ik as follows :
Average monthly salary of
county teachers .$ 94.43
Average yearly salary .$806.(9
Same distributed over a
period of 12 months, per
Yearly salary at average
for 7 mo. term .
Same per month for 12 mo.
Yearly salary at average
for 8 mo. term . <63.44
Same per mo. over 12 rao. 63.6^
Yearly salary at average
for'9 mo. terra.
Same per mo. over 12 mo.
Average cost of board and
room per mo.
Average cost of same
rural districts .
Average cost of same
Average monthly outlay
for clothes .
Average monthly . outlay
for professional items ....
Average monthly outlay
for recreation, vacations
(One report states, "No money to
spend that way.")
Five teachers in the count}
than 40 per cent, but
those with one exception are
normal ; two are superintendents,
one has an income from a faun,
one lives at home and hei par
furnish her all clothes and
Mrtst reported a saving for the
period of work, but that this was
all consumed during the summer
The average cost of schooling
above tbe high school figured out
to be approximately $<P® 1
year. Most of the county s teach
ers work 9 month terms. With
two exceptions, teachers expiess
ed themselves emphatically as be
ing dissatisfied with their oppor
tunities for self improvement.
From the above and othei con
sidérations, the committee amy
ed at the following concisions.
1 That the average outlay for
ecreation is dangerously small.
2 That the average outlay tor
rofessional improvement Hems is
3 That while the average
monthly salary is about $95 while
dktributed ^thS'liXg 'year
a rni, j r» . ,
4 ' That few teachers in the
C j Un , ty ' P ossi bly the five mention
e - d a , bove - are aW e to lay aside a
single dollar from year to year to
proride for a rainy day
5. That no person ^Vith de
pendents - exce P* the superintend
e nts and principals, are permitted
to teach, the ineonies being pro
hibitive 8 F
6. That little reward is given
for years of experience and ad
7. That teachers' salaries in
Lewis county, when compared
with those of other vocations
where much less preparation is re
quired, are shockingly small.
These conditions and others
have led the committee to believe
that a salary schedule to be just
to the teacher must be made with
due regard for each of these
points. And in reaching its find
ings, the committee has weighed
these and others.
In making its compilations, the
committee has used a year of nine
months as a basis for the working
year, since most of the county's
pedagogues work for that length
of term, and the disbursements
for a year have been spread over
a period of 12 months, so that a
'surplus must be retained from
each of the 9 months to support
the instructor during the remain
ing three. The committee has as
sumed that every teacher of no
matter what legal status has a
right to a subsistence wage. Con
sequently, an income could be set
below which a teacher need not
contract, and, in fairnesfe to the
rest of the profession, ought not
to contract. Based upon rising
costs, as well as upon present ad
vanced prices, these items have
been selected with the am ou nth
opposite them as the requisites to
make the living wage:
Food and shelter per mo... $35.00
Recreation, vacation ex
Surplus for emergencies,
For the entire year, times
For month for school year of 9
months, divided by 9 .... 110.00
Even this schedule will give
little or no opportunity for sav
ing. In the estimation of the com
mittee, no teacher can afford 1o
contract for less than $110 per
monh for a period of nine months,
unless actual living expenses are
below the calculations above, or
As for schools of shorter terms,
• if would seem that the
in tbeoiy /V7 or 8 nmnth lenn
tea t ^ hove a monSh salary
0U £A .l i -i, „ + 0 „lake her
,sufficiently highei to maiee ner
aggregate y y : iaar .
However, these te ms aie in a
where figures show that bem a
ancl .®2jL ntlv the outlay
and r fnv nlnthimr is often
necessary f | ■
shoit teim . . y , .
frZ VJ 1 longer peS
thereby to bave g before
to spend at summer schooq^Dmme
her final P lofa p ' o " ldo w
has been reached bomo allow
anee, also, must J render
tual corapaiatiye ■ _ ' , - ,
. T °°; AÄÄdä for
allotment for the rural teacher tor
recreation has been s t g . -
the opportuiiities for , p o
is limited, "'ben ( P
the town teacher sehanc. I j
tromze lectures, show's, etc. « 1 r
the estimation 0 for re'
the limiting of the chances for re- !
creation by chosing 1
school to wor „ k ^ 'LtJ abovei
which the money a »
can in no '
Thus, the committee has .
upon $110 per month as t it mum
mum salary for Lewis county
teachers without regai d f «al
In addition, every teacher wtio
ha's expended the time and money
attendant upon a normal or co -
lege education, should be compen
sated for the same by a return up-,
on investment just as a business
man or farmer expects and de
mands a return upon his capital
(It is assumed that the time o. a
person spent in acquiring a hign
schooling is a sacrifice necessary j
to good citizenship.) Using tj
figure $750 per year as the aver
(Continued on page 8).
tri MOHLER ITEMS.
Everett Williams has taken his
old job of carrying mail again, as
Alya Centers is working for Har
Rosa Oddson ha's been clerking
in the Mohler Grocery Store dur
ing the past week.
Mabel Broker attended the
Teachers' conference at llo Fri
day and spent Saturday and Sun
day with her parents, Mr. and
Mrs. H. P. Broker, of llo,return
ing home Saturday evening.
Jim Washburn spent the week
end with H. W v Longeteig and
Mrs. Rurey was called to the
bedside of her sister, Mrs. Chas.
Bernice Rurey spent Sunday
evening with her friend, Augusta
The seventh grade pupils of
the Mohler school are preparing
to take the final examinations in
Nezperce next week.
Easter services will be held at
the Mohler church Sunday, April
4th. There will be all day ser
vices, including a small program.
Everybody is invited to attend.
A. G. Gross left Monday for
his home in Asotin, Washington,
Lily Oddson spent Sunday
evening with her friend, Louise
Nearly all the Mohler farmers
have started their spring plowing.
Edith Smith, teacher of the
Sunset school attended the teach
ers' conference at llo, Friday,
Elmer Ralstin, while on his way
to Sunday school at Mohler Sun
day, had the sad disaster of
breaking his buggy.
Farmer Oddson spent Sunday
with his parents, Mr. and Mrs.
E. B. Oddson. The former is
working for Joe Dunham this
Don't forget to come in and see
the spring hats at the Mohler
store before Easter.
Harley Brannon has been re
modeling his house the paid week.
C. W. Rurey was called to
Frank Senters' Sunday.
Albert Cuddy was on the sick
list last Sunday but is allright
% PUBLIC SCHOOL NEWS
The Fighting Canadians, the
fourth number of the Lyceum
course will be here to give a pro
gram in the Nezperce High
School auditorium on the evening
of April 9. They were billed for
Feb. 7, but on account of the in
fluenza ban their date had to be
^ Jt . g with great a nti
cipation that we look forward to
1 number. We are sure the an
dience will be well entertained.
^ Skiuner and Miss Dickin
son went to Spokane Tue'sday to
attend the Inland Empire Teach
ers > Convention which is being
he ld there.
Following are the high school
averages for March :
Esther Lehman 97, Marie Rowe
gj% Edng Cargill 961/3, Maude
Jamison 96%, Fannie Farrar 95%,
Sch]ader 95> Josep hine
Thomas 95, Lois Harris 94%, Eu
Chillion 94%, Eulalia Schaf
S 94, Violet Smith 93%, Chari«
g3y ^ WUbur Ellis 93f
^ oe Curless 92%, Milton Johnson
991/., Lelah Greek 921/3, Blanche
Seehorn 92%, Mabel Erickson 92,
Mabel Mitchell 92j Lula Adams
AUce y hoe kley 91, Wm. Con
ger 90%, Anita Swartz 90%,
g» » ^ Forest Covey
gQ1/ Elbert Stellmon 90%, Sarah
Johnson 90,1 Vera Rowe 89%,
Ethel Stevens 89%, Curry Felt 89,
Se Thompson 89, FaV Harris
qqs/. Georeia Rowe 88%, Her
-4, Baskett 88%, Elizabeth
g8> Da!e Harding 87%,
Buckanan 87%, Joe Farrar
86%. Wayne Henderson 86%, 01
Moser 86, Dale Swartz 85%,
John F]att 85%, Winifred Rig
g5 Marie Poteet 85, Dorothy
Earbke §5^ Elwood Johnson 85,
R Rowe 3 4 ; Leo Hines 84, Grace
Hu j| ivan g3 ( Clayton Miller 83,
. Mitchell 83, Albert Stach
Earl gtellmon 82 %, ' '
p oteet gl, Alva Smith 81,
ckar j es Flatt 77, Wallace Gamble
^ Mike Brown 74%.
d } ie following averages
^ j n , Elma Cook, Enoch Erick
and Olive Erickson.
I Lawson Wins the Fight.
Charles Lawson, Lewiston's
favorite son of the boxing ring
defeated H B. Moody, the local
glove artist, in a ten-round bout
at the high school gymnasium
here last Saturday night. In the
first round Lawson caught
Moody a sharp clip on the temple
which left the latter half blinded
and dazed, but Moody fought
gamely on till the third, when in
making a swing at Lawson's face
he landed in such a manner as to
badly strain the tendons of his
right thumb ; still he went on to
the end of the tenth, disabled be
yond ability to meet his opponent
aggressively, but nervy enough to
stick and clever enough to pre
vent a knock-out
Lawson weighed in at 160%
and Moody at 147%, the former
also had the advantage of about
three inches in height, but Moody
equalized this distance somewhat
in his 'superior speed, and it was
conceded by many that had not
the smaller man disabled his
right hand early in the game
there might have been a different
ory to relate, for he showed
wonderful recuperative powers
in the last three rounds of the
bout, even with his, game wing.
It was a clean exhibition of the
sport, and while there were no
particular thrills injected, the
200 spectators went away very
Dr. E. L. White, of Lewiston,
refereed the null and when, just
after the close of the tenth in
ning, he had Lawson stand and
held up his arm in proclaiming
him the victor, he-received the
same assent from the crowd that
had been accorded his entire ref
The three preliminary bouts
were highly entertaining and
showed pretty good work at
times, bringing out the fact that
Nezperce has not a litlje talent in
the manly art. The principals in
these three-round preliminaries
were : McCready and Corriel,
Johnson and Maxwell, and Ken
nedy and Mikkelson.
This was the first exhibition of
the sort to be staged on the prai
rie and quite a number attended
it from Lewiston and neighbor
ing points, and had the weather
been more favorable
would have been doubled.
The local Legion Post had
charge and saw to it that the
whole affair was conducted ac
coiriing to the rules and laws
governing such contests.
Lining Up Prairie Base Ball
Chris. W. Kettman represented
the local base ball fraternity at
the meeting of prairie fans at
Grangeville last Saturday night,
where delegates from Grangeville
Cottonwood, Ferdinand, Kanuah
Kooskia and Nezperce were in at
tendance. The sentiment domi
nating the meeting presaged an
other good year of this sport
on the prairie, and a league
ganization was effected by the
election of Harold Harris, presi
dent, and Sheldon Stubbs, secre
tary; both of Grangeville.
At this meeting a six-team or
ganization was contemplated—to
include Grangeville, Cottonwood,
Ferdinand, Ho-Vollmer, Kamiah
and Nezperce-but Kooskia made
a strong bid for membership, and
i t it likely,, if Winchester gets up
a team and wishes to join, that
these two points will be added,
making it an eight-team league,
This phase will be settled in the
It is p ] am ied to open the sea
son's schedule on May 2, and the
general rules governing the or
ganization last year will be con
tinned, with the important excep
tion of the removal of any limit
on the employment of outside tal
ent . A team entrance fee of $7.50
was provided to cover general ex
Card of Thanks.
We take this means of extend
ing, so far as words can express,
sincere thanks to the good
friends and neighbors who so loy
ally came to our assistance during
*and following the fatal illness of
our beloved husband, son and
brother, Evert Beenders, and in
this expression of thanks we are
mindful of the many beautiful
floral offerings made by friends.
Mrs. Evert Beenders.
Mr. and Mrs. W. K. Been
ders and Family.
Mr. and Mris. C. S. Cook
W. F. Johnson went to Spokane
Friday to visit hîs family.
Items of Interest Gleaned From
The Daily Life of Home
Folks In Town and
Martin Ledreter was an llo vis
Mr. and MA*. Floyd Rowe are
Lewiston visitors this week.
Normal Stellmon returned Fri
day from a visit to Spokane.
County Agent Wade was in
Lewiston the first of the week.
Wade Eraick was a visitor in
the city from Vollmer Saturday.
Newest spring ideas in boys'
suits—ages 6 to 17—at Carlson %.
Mrs. Chas. Edwards returned
Monday from a visit to Spokane.
A. G. Gross was a visitor in this
section the first of the week from
Sheriff A. W. Mitchell went to
Lewiston yesterday on official
Deputy Sheriff Smith was in
Winchester on official business
I. H. Billow returned Sunday
from a visit with relatives in
For strength and durability use
cedar posts, sold by the Prairie
Spring clothes and everything
in men's and young men's apparel
Mrs. L. J. Rowe and daughter,
Miss Blanche, were passengers for
Mr. and Mrs. John Harris re
turned Sunday from an extended
visit to Clarkston.
Mrs. Clay Smith and daughter
returned Friday from a visit with
relatives at Kennewick.
Z. A. Johnson, the railroad
builder, was up from Lewiston the
latter part of last week.
Mrs. J. Glen Miller returned
yesterday from a visit with her
home folks at Coeur d'Alene.
Mr. and Mrs. E. D. Turner, of
the Mohler section, returned yes
terday from California points.
District Locomotive Boiler In
spector John B. Brown wab down
from Spokane Sunday to look
over the N. & I. engine.
man who has been on the prairie
the past week looking after busi
ness, returned to his home in
Clarkston this morning.
Dr. E. L. White, T. A. Feney,
Dr. Peterson and A. C. Perciful
were among those from Lewiston
who took in the Moody-Lawson
fight here Saturday night.
For Sale—120-acre dairy and
fruit ranch ; 11 acres in cultiva
tion; one-half mile Steele post of
fice. A good proposition and a
bargain at $2500. Call this office
or L. D. Parsons, Steele, Ida.
The 1920 hunting and fishing
licenses are now on tap In this
district and may be had locally
from M. D. DeMoude at the City
Drug store. But the 'season clos
es today on trout fishing for two
months, and there will probably
not be much demand here for li
censes till this ban is off.
This section has been experienc
ing some very disagreeable weath
er the past ten days, but it is
mild compared with the storms
that swept the territory between
the Great Lakes and the Gulf of
Mexico the first of the week. In
these 200 lives were lost and a
property damage of over $6,000,
The Hallowell Concert Co. gave
a very creditable entertainment
at the Temple Theatre here last
night, and while inclement weath
prevented the attendance that
was expected, the fine program
greatly enjoyed by all who
fortunate as to be out.
The concert was given under the
auspices of the local Legion post
and although the boys did not
make anything off the enterprise
they are not sorry they brought
this high class entertainment to
Easter Observance at Christian
Following the regular Sunday
school session, an Easter program
rill be given next Sunday morn
ing at the Christian church in this
city, which will include special
Easter music by the choir and re
citations, readings and exercises
by members of the Sunday school.
One of the famous basket din
ners will conclude the Easter Day
service, to which everybody is in
vited, and those who can conven
iently do so are asked to bring
well filled baskets.
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