Newspaper Page Text
THE WEISER SIGNAL.
If. IS. LOCK WOOD, FnhllNlior. WEISER, IDAHO. Owe hundred years ago there were twenty-five persons living in tho coun try to every one in tho cities. Now tho proportion is only throe to one. It is easy to guoss at causes, but there Kiust bo many. Catholic A good Irish Roman priest tho other Sunday indulged in criticisms of church fairs, in some tho course of which ho perpetrated tho following Irish bull: "It may bo true, as some say, that somi-religious; but it is also true that they are wholly bad." •hurch fairs arc I'noonEssiVE civilization and devel opment demand a broader and more highly educated class of mechanics, a more scientific understanding, a wider power of reasoning, a fuller develop ment of the mental powers, which can only be gained by studying theories in combinaison with the practiclo part of the work. __ 'The mailo have boon transported from New York to London in seven days and it is proposed to reduce tbo time to six. English newspapers will then got their American nows forty ei„ht hours sooner than they httvo heretofore received it, and will b6 loss than one week nehind tho times. That will bo a great stride in British jour nal ism. Theke are thousands of matters which it is well to keep to ourselves, although public mention of them would be truth-telling of the most absolute kind. There may have boon a smirch upon tho recoru of onr an cestors, or oven upon our own, but tbo truth bawlor who reveals it is a cow ard and a snoak. Reticence is one of tho lost arts. General Sherman goos about town almost invariably in the street cars, says tbo Now York Sun. As a rulo one of bis daughters accompanies him, and tho old warrior, in jumping on and off tho steps, is as young as many men forty years his junior. "Cabs are all right to look at." he said tho oilier night as ho sank in tho corner of a Broadway car itt Fifty-ninth street, "but they are terrible things to rido iu." The new western stales having built up vast herds of their own, and tho home breeding supplying them with most of the young oattlo needed to take the place of hooves marketed, Tuxas was cut off from this outlet for Us sur plus, and was forced to rely upon tho beef markets for much of its demands. At tbo same time the western ranches greatly increased their quota of hooves. Tho result was over-production and lower and demoralized markets. It has been remarked that during the warm weather of summer ,)olu> Chinaman appears to be tho cooles* man about town, and probably does suffer little from the boat. His cloth ing is light and airy, loose and (ortable, freo and easy; his food sisls of fruit and vegetables, and hr doesn't patronize alcoholic or icoi drinks. Apparently lie does not per spire freely, and is never subject U sunstroke. Hu works long and steadily, but; moderately — deliberately — am* seems never to bo in a hurry or a worry. com ■. Wo may luuni from John. There is no one agricultural inlorcs that can begin to compare with that ot cattle growing, and thoro are but few men oven among those directly inter ested in tho cattle industry who fully realize and appreciate its scope and magnitude. With the west and south west the cattle interest outweighs all others, and it is the foundation of much of our material wealth, mutely connected and Interwoven with tho business and industrial fabric of a vast section of our country that its in fluence tor good or bad is quickly felt in the trade world for good or evil, astv.rdiiig to its prosperity or depres sion. It is so inti The record of rdrmlng and of trot ting horses wore reduced tho year. Breeders and past sporting men contend that this reduction of time is tho result of the development of equine powers by judicious brooding and training. Doubtless this has had considerable to do in increasing speed, but it is not likely that it entirely accounts for "breaking tho record" of all previous times. Race tracks have been very greatly improved since the lime the old "Fashion Course" Long Island witnessed tho perform ances of Ten Broook. Only recently have nice tracks been constructed at cost of $10,000 per mile. Then person was pnld $ >,000 a year to train and *ake care of a horse. iu a no Thou a • jockey was not bettor known through out tho country than a senator, the shooing of race horses included among the fine art*. Then was not British rule in India has resulted in some good. It has abolished tho custom of burning widows alivo tho funeral pyres of their husbands except in a fow places not often visit ed by the authorities. Oil It lias also put a atop to the custom of offering up female infants to the spirits of tho Tho Ganges no longer bears their bodies to tho ocean. waters. Tho intro duction of railways has done much to ward abolishing Tho members of tho different castes aro now obliged to touch each other in railway ticket offices and they often occupy tho same compartments in rail way carriages. r_ ed to drink from tho caste distinctions. They are often oblig same cup or go without water, which is very bard to do iu a country where tho climate pro vokes thirst It has not. howe ver, accomplished much in changing the religions o£ tha people. Chris tianity has made but little progress in India -iusv - ' been under British TYROS THEN AND NOW. THE CRAFT IS NOT WHAf IT USED TO BE. Printern Morning Papers IVc Only for Dissolute Habits and a Kotin* Disposition—They Are Now tho Once Noted bait of tho Kurth. If one of the old time printers could come back to life—say one of the mon who holpedlsot typo from thojtolegraph copy of the emancipation proclama tion for the morning papers—ho would hardly feel at homo, says tho Chicago Herald. In his day tho printer was rather a tough citizen in more ways than one, and ho was the last man in the world to be ashamed of tho distinction. Above all else, ho was a hard drinker. No man who could not drink hud any sort of business in tho composing room. Men who could hold tho most "red liquor" without allowing it to interfere with tho accuracy of their work wore considered the best men. Profanity was a lino art then, and a finished abandon in tho stylo wearing of clothes was one of the first indices of excellence at the case. It was almost as much as the type's weekly "string" was worth to appear in tho composing-room In a now suit of clothes. And even if tho garments did boar some evidence of having boon purchased at one time and in a single store, they wore pretty su re to reveal, when tho men stripped for tho work of the nlghf, that suspenders and other garments of a quasi-con coalod nature were wholly wanting. 'Tho printer of that day was above all such trilles. His trousers could hang In any fashion they ploascd, and ho contented himself with hitching them up Into a place of safety every time ho returned from "dumping" a stick. There were, it is true, a tow men who sar good clothes all the time, and who were known in every city in the union for that singular habit. And now and then one could find one who did not drink, although that sort o( a man was likely to bo very poorly considered. But no one pro tended to know a printer who did not chew tobacco, it seemed to bo one of the things which wont with tho first days at the trade. Apprentices wore informed with a gravity that did not scorn to bo mock at all that they could never hope to amount to any thing at tho trade unless they could chow. And so willing is human nature to accept any sort of excuse for deprav ity that tho boys learned to chow oven before they had thoroughly learned tho case. did Go into a composing-room now and you will find all tho olden ideas of tho place must bo revised. In the first place, tho men are no longer tho "bums" they once appeared to bo— though they never really deserved that appellation. They have all tho ap pearance of sober and wull kept men. They wear good clotjios, and not a fow of them have a better grade of jewelry than tho men who hire them tend to wear. cun pre They have the clear skin and bright eye of men who know good habits and regular hours. Undoubtedly tho best newspaper graduate from tho case. They have a knowledge of tho mechanical end ot tho office which be gotten in no other men needs of tho can way. They can not avoid a tolerably close acquaint ance with the events of the day, sinco they must set in typo something about tho world lit largo every night they are at work; and then they have at least the general knowledge of grammar and tho construction ot sentences that conics of intelligent reading, it scorns that as a rule they are more suocoosful than are college bred nishos another door for tbo printer of to-day. It is a long step from tho dis solute, irresponsible man of twenty years ago to tbo clean, well-dressed, well-behaved printer seen in thoso later times, and tho development does not seem to have reached its conclu sion. This tur moil. Tho trade is a safe one, since no machine can overtake the place ot tho Intelligence required to get out ing paper, and it la ns far from its for mer disreputable surroundings cun well imagine. u morn as ouo Adam's Boyhood. Adam was as mischievous as' boys generally are, probably. Darwin suvs ho was "a perfect little monkey," which, 1 believe, is a synonym for mischief the world But unfor tunately for Adam, ho had no comrade in his gambols. Imvo ringing door-bolls at night or skylarking around all by himself? Ho might over. What fun could ho 'hisHo and sound discordant calls after dark, but no other little boy would come dashing around 'the corner to join him. I can imagine little Adam, plated with human nature iwo inches thick, looking about for some way in which i to divert himself, and , himporing, | "Can t have any fun!" Of course ho I couldu't have any fun, such as boys j like. No fun running away from | school, cause school hadn't boon in- ! vented. No fun stealing away to "go in swimming'," all alone by himself, He couldn t play "tag," for he might ; yell, 1 ve got tho tag" nil day and there would bo no other boy to come and 'ey to take it away from him. j "High-spy had little charm for him. because a boy soon gets tired ot hid- i ing when ho ia compelled to find him- j 80 ' _ . . l RIGID MORAL LAWS. rhiob I Bercro DUcipi I Which Our Puritan Forc (■thprs Inflicted Upon Thcmselto*. Hero is an extract from Wcodon's "First. Ono Hundred Years"; This a period when tho so-called "Blue Laws was were most rigorously enforced, not only in Connecticut, with w tradition associates them, but in Mas sachusetts. lho former colony uo | food or lodging could bo given to a quaker, Adamite or otlmr heretic. No one could run on tho Sabbath day or | walk m his garden or elsewhere, ex- | cept reverently to and from meeting, ; No one could travel, cook victuals, make bods^ sweep house, cut hair or I shave oa the Sabbath day. No woman 1 i could kiss hoc child on Sahbath op fasting day. Whoever brought cards into the colony paid a fine of £5. one could read the Book of Common Prayer, keep Christmas or Saints' days, make minced pies, dance, play cards or play on any instrument of music except the trumpet, drum or jewsharp. Liquor drinking was regu lated and the use of tobacco was tin kered incessantly. No one under twenty-one years, nor any one not previously accustomed to it. could take tobacco without a physician's certificate. No one could take it publicly in the street or in the field or woods, except on a journey of ten miles. Nor could any one take it in any house in his own town with more than one other person taking it at the same time. This last injunction was leveled at the so-called "Tobacco Parliaments, sachusotts magistrates were greatly troubled that the people would tell lies. No About 16*15 tho Mas BUCK KILGORE. Jn Search of Food Purina: tho I.Hftt I'liploasunti ••When I was returning homo upon a furlough during the latter part of the war," said Congressman Buck Kil gore of Texas to a Washington Post reporter, "I pulled up at a little cabin on tho roadside in Louisiana about night. The solo occupant of tho cabin was one woman. She refused to let mo remain during tho night or to give me anything to ent. I had one gold dollar in my pocket which I offered to pay- her for a chicken which had just been cooked and was smoking on the table. She refused to sell the chicken Ills Admit) at any price, but was willing to wager the chicken against tho dollar that she could beat mo jumping, I to make the 'first jump starling from tho log door stop. "I took a survey of tho very short woman who had bantered mo for a trial of my activity, and then surveyed my self. f was a long-legged cuss, and 1 put the dollar on the table by the chicken. I then took a position on tho doorstep, swung my hands to and fro, pluming for my flight through the Then I lit out for tho tallest jump on record. By tho time I hit tho ground and turned to sea the woman follow sho had shut tho door and fastened it on the inside. The only thing I could seo was tho muzzle of a double barreled shotgun, supplement ed by a firm female voice admonishing mo to move out, and to move quickly. moved. There was something about that voice and that gun which inspired mo with the idea that it would be un healthy for me to Unger there longer. "It was now dark, and going a half mile I stopped for tho night at the gin-house, under which stood a grist mill no longor iu use. I placed two or throe planks on the top of the hop per, some seven or oight feet from tho ground, and crawled up for a night's sleep. I hud cot been there long when I heard a peculiar whistle, not far away, which was responded to in an opposite direction. Pretty soon the parties, man and wife, met under i r. tho gin-house and took seats on the frame immediately beneath soon learned from tho conversation that the man was lying in the woods to escape tiro conscript officer, and that tho woman was his wife, who had brought him his supper. While she was spreading tho meal- for him she was chatting pleasantly about tho in cidents of tbo day, tolling him among other things how she had won a gold dollar from a simple Texas soldier on his way home on a furlough, and bow ho 'flirted the gravel' when sho showed him tho gun—empty gun, etc. 1 had become intensely interested in the conversation and was trying my host to get a glimpse of the [couple over tho edge of my scaffold. Leaning too far the scaffold tilted, when myself and tho vHiolo thing came right down between them. They did not wait to investigate tho cause of the crash, but lit out, leaving tho chicken, bread, milk, and other eatables. I gobbled up tbo pile and crammed it into my haversack, wont off a short distance and ato until I was filled. I mo. Next morn ing i was twenty miles away, with a full stomach and a light heart, hitting tho ground only in high places as I headed for Texas." Tho Small Boy. Sweet Xmas time is on tho wing, The days grow short and cool ; The small boy with the level head Turns up at Sunday school. Ho does not care about tho past, But thinks of things more pleasant; In fact, his mind is fixed upon Tho future and the present. farm pay. A Woman of Resource. Mrs. Vernon lived on a big farm. Sho was a clever widow and made her One day her eldest son was struck by lightning in tho wagon house dur ing a terrible storm. Tho hired man carried his apparently lifeless body into the house, "Why, wasn't you scared outef your wits, Mrs. Vernon?" asked one of the neighbors afterward, "No; 1 know prompt measures .. nee sary. though, and there wasn't time to send for doctors. So I just gave him a good emetic and ho come to and throw up all tho electric fluid and then ho was all right!"- Agricul lural Record. wore no Kissing by Força A man was brought before a justice of the poaco charged with tho offo of kissing a young lady "by force and violence mid against her will." young lady, who was very handsome, gave her testimony in a modest and straightforward manner, after 11 so The hieb his honor gave tho following decision; "The court, in this case, sympathizes with the defendant, and will therefore discharge him without fine, imprison mont or reprimand, because tho court, whilo this case has been in progress has been obliged to hold on to botti arms , 0 ! his chair in order to k"pc from kissing tho complainant hiuis' hajjgo. eif. JOHN L. AS A STUDENT. SLUGGER SULLIVAN A HIGH SCHOOL GRADUATE. Boston'* In t I nr I bio PuirlliKt I* Not the Ignoramus That Many Llifht-Headed Person* Think — Possesses Good Command of tho English Language. John L. Sullivan is nothing if not versatile. Ho is acknowledged by all to be a prize fighter and some people say ho is an actor, but most people have yet to learn of his success as a student, says tho Chicago Herald. Ho is a well-informed man in silito of the fact that the general public doeo not believe it, and has a much bettor odu cation than many of tho people who characterize him as a brute possessed only of great physical strength. To be sure the great fighting actor has never earned the right to tack half tho alpha bet after his name and thus display his knowledge in an ostentatious way before tho world. Ho never took a degree, unless it was as batchelor of the manly art, but iu his business de grees, as conferred by colleges, useless things, renoe Sullivan—without any frills and flounces is sufficient to carry weight lo-day and is undoubtedly bettor known than those of half tho wiseacres who can road tho Egyptian hieroglyphics and converse fluently in Sanscrit. Yet John L. is possessed of a good educa tion. When a boy he attended the Boston public schools. Most of the other boys quit after a short lime but Sullivan's parent's were ambitious tor their boy and kept him at his books the Boston are His name—John Law grinding away until he entered High School. This was higher than most of his early companions ever got, but John L. still kept at work, and in 1874 graduated in the same class -with Nat Goodwin, Henry E. Dixey and Dr. Garceau, now the resident physician at tho Leland Hotel. John's parents wanted to mako him a priest, and he was sent to a college in south Boston, whore ho studied for the priesthood for some time. His big frame gether too full of animal spirits to be tied down by the strict rules of priest's life, and after a short time he gave up tho work and turned himself loose in tho world whero ho has since made his mark, as Mr. Kilraiu and others can testify. From tho studios preparatory to the priesthood to tho prize ring Is quite a step, but John L. has probably been a bigger success in the latter than ho wou.d have in tho former. ■as alto Many a joke has been cracked at John L.'s expense, and the basis of the majority ot them was his ignorance and incorrect use ot the English language. There is no doubt that his recollection ot many of his early studios has be come dim and that he is not as well posted in Latin as ho used to bo. It is doubtful it he can, at Äio present time, tell the uses of the ablative ab solute or conjugate the verb pun,go. Nevertheless his command of the Eng lish language still abides with him, and ho is not forced to resort to the slang ot tho gutter to make himself understood. THE GAMBLERS' CHURCH. Hon El Paso, Texas, Paid for Its First Placo of Worship. "Tho first church built in El Paso, Tox., was put up by tho gamblers," said Harry Wicks, a frontier sporting "In the early days of that bor der town everybody gambled, a good-sized town and wo had no church. man. It was You seo, I'm counting myself Well, along came a minister and said ho would preach for us if we would build him a church. in. I don't recollect his politics—I mean religion. "The boys wanted me to raise tbo pot tor tho building. I did all of that kind of charity work, and a few days before had taken up a collection for the widow of a fellow we had hanged for shooting a man without giving him a show for his life. There were seven houses and—the population of the town was about 1,000, not counting tho eral hundred cowboys that came in from the plains at night So I took 'round tho hat and all the boys chipped in from $7, to $20 each, and Ï soon had a big stake. "1 wanted to give something and did not have a cent. ser So when I was pass ing the hat round at one of tho faro tables I saw that the jack had lost through two deals and chopped. Well, that means that on tho third deal tho jack won. I always play system, mid just know the jack would win out. and as I wanted to give something to the church I just took $20 out of tho hat and played it open on tbo jack tor and the church. me It won on tho turn, and 1 played the deal out winning $340, which, with the $800 raised from the boys, made a good stake for the church. It is a custom among tho profession that when a man stakes a player to give him half ot the winnings. I did not claim what I was entitled to, but gave it all to thoj church."—Chicago Tribune. . LATTER-DAY HEROES. Aged Kniin« i Men Who Wear Thcmsclfe* Out for Their Families. Tho heroes of this particular are wrinkled, and bald, and g ray, says the Brooklyn Eagle. It will do no good to look for them among young men. Occasionally a conspicuous in stance of courage, steadfastness, and self-effacement may bo found era among tho juniors, but they aro very rare. There is practically no end to Hie number of men of advanced years whoso lives are veritable poems of un selfishness and devotion to other There is no denying the force and pluck of "old'' men. They put their sons to shame in every branch of business and professional life, ono is surprised at tho method and system they exhibit, for these are tho natural results of experience, there is something unlooked for in the 1 will-power and sclf-abneg No But woi^ / 'S. > y 4? ê 3 sacrificing generosity of young men. and they do their duty in a fashion that ought to arouse tlje sympathies of the novelists. Any one can find these 60-year-old heroes. They are in the counting rooms, business houses, and every where in New York. Many are wind ing up lives of long and assiduous labor by doing yoomon service when they have every title to rest. Vaca tions are unknown, open in the heated term. They rise at six in the morn ing, work until 6 at night, and go homo to their lonely houses to dine in solitude and work far into the night. All of this is often done that a group of frivolous girls and oig.irette-smoIc ing hoys may live in comfort at the seaside, whore they occasionally refer to "the governor, who is pegging away in town." The time to see these sturdy old patriarchs, who have given up their lives with such uncomplaining heroism to their families, is in the early morning in the elevated trains or at 8 o'clock at night, when they move an armchair out on the front stoop of their almost dismantled houses up-town for an hour's breathing spell after dinner. It is an old-fashioned custom that still has many followers. I know one man who is famous in his profession, and who is, perhaps, as typical of the array of steady old workers in New York as any one who could be named. Ho was riding' a big, raw-boned, powerful gray horse in the park. It was shortly after 0 in the morning. Hundreds of men of advanced years wore taking an early galop. This particular "old" man had been noing since 5:30. "It is the only way I can get my exercise," he said, as we went along. "I am obliged to bo at my desic by 8 o'clock, and there is no chance to get away before 6. I rise at ö in the summer and half an hour later in the winter. I rend a speech in this morning's paper which you delivered last night." •■You mean by that that I must have boon up late? You are quite right. I got homo at midnight. It was 1 o'clock when I fell asleep. Four hours is not a very liberal allowance for sleep, I admit, but do you know that when a man has passed his six tieth year he needs less and less rest? I have never allowed myself more than six hours' sleep since I Occam o a man. Sleeping is like eating. The system will adapt itself to excesses until they scorn absolutely necessary. Exercise is far more important than sleep A ten-mile ride in the morning and a good breakfast should fit the human machine for a day's work of ten hours until the machine issovonty flvo years old, then it should be slow ed up. I've ton years more to run, though," he added, with a smile. PITTSBURG SMOKERS. Fc Stogies for 5 Conti Knjoyoil by Kren I ho Millionaire*. "Talking about that apology for a smoke, the Pittsburg stogie, reminds me of a peculiar experience I had with that article some years ago," said au old-time cigar drummer at the Con tinental Hotel to a Philadelphia In quirer reporter. "I was traveling for a Philadelphia house that made a fine line of goods only and had met with only indifferent success. I waP look ing forward to Pittsburg us a kind of El Dorado and imagined sales of groat magnitude iu the Smoky City. I arrived in tho evening and immedi ately started out to interview the trade. About the first placo 1 struck was a prosperous looking cigar store, but I noticed that among tho stock tho stogie seemed to predominate. I pre sented ray card to tbo proprietor, talk ed up my stock and firm to him in great shape, but did not seem to be making any great headway. The proprietor assured mo that lie was full up, but said he would look over my samples tho following ing if I would stop in. talking to him and endeavoring to prolong tho conversation, a gentleman walked in who immediately impressed me as being one of the solid men of the town. Ho hud that unmistakable sleek and well-fed air of fortune's favorite. Walking up to the counter ho selected four stogies and lit one, laid down a 5-cent piece and walked out morn Whilo I was •"Do you know who that is?' asked the proprietor of me. 1 replied in the negative. 'Why, that's Phipps. An drew Carnegie's partner,' was tho as tounding assertion. 1 was completely flabbergasted. That was the mutest and yet tho most convincing argument I ever luid to withstand. Without a word I closed up my grips and took the next train out of town. I had come to tbo very natural conclusion that if mon worth $20,000,000 took their smokos at four for five 1 did not stand much show with tho plebeian smokers." Tlio Oyster) 1'aralov, The oyster is a noble fish, But cannot swim a mite; He has uo fins, he has no tail, Ho has no teeth to bite. But still ho s vims with perfect case; And yet, 'tis strange to say, lie never glides «bout tho sea, But in the consomme. . —Brooklyn Life. The Eight-Hoar System. An oighl-hour man on going home tho other evening for his supper found his wife all dressed up in hor Sunday host sitting on tho front door step reading a French novel. "How is this? he angrily exclaim ed. "Whore is my supper?" "I don't know," replied his wife. "I began your breakfast at six o'clock this morning, and my eight hours wore up at 2 p. m." ^ Too Mush Puro Air. Too much pure air seems to be a* Tho average life ot mountaineers or sea-shore resi dents is no greater than that of tho people of a smoky and dirty town. The farmer, who has all out doors, lives but little longer than the coo viefc, shut up iu state prison. bad as too little of it. SURVEYING THE HEAVENS LARGEST TELESCOPE LENS IN THE V/ORLD. A Look at the 0»« that Will Brin? the Inhabi*' tants of .Mars Almost Within Mailing DU tance —A Wonderful Piero of Glass—Its Value. In a quiet little room at Cambridgo port not long since, was shown for the first time tho precious glass which is to bo used in making a telescope that shall eclipse even tho famous one now mounted at the Lick observatory in California. When the lid of tho big box was re moved Mr. Clark tenderly lifted away tho excelsior fiber which ooverea the precious lens. There it lay, cushioned on its soft bed and reflecting back tho light from the little oil lamp hold at a respectful distance by a careful assist ant It was a sight for astronomical eyes to behold. Tho glass measured about 10 foot in circumference or 3 feet 1 inches in diameter. Although it is 24 inches thick at the center and inches at the edge, it was as transpar ent as a bit of thin plate glass when carefully it was raised on its edge in the box. Mr. Clark's hands fondled it ns ho would a baby whilo ho murmured: "What a beauty it is; no ouo ever saw its like." George Clark flocked off the parti cles of dust that clung to it with a soft silk handkerchief and touched it as lightly as. a lady might her powdered check. Mr. Widnoy's eyes danced with pleasure as ho glanced through Us transparent thickness. The Herald reporter touched it reverently before it was laid carefully back iu its case to await its finishing process. A sigh of relief escaped the veteran lens maker when ho saw it safely reposing once more on its soft cushion and tho fibre replaced. Ha was in a state of more or less anxiety till this was done, for the lens represents about twelve months' work already, though two or three years will bo required to finish it. When it is ready for its position in tho big tolescope it will represent a value of from $60,000 to $70,000. It is now insured for largo sums by two of tho biggest insurance companies in Boston. Tho first process that this now and, so far, greatest ions ever attempted will have to undergo will bo that of grinding to tho proper- curve. It will bo placed on a mill and made to re volve at aslow and uniform rate of speed. The finest of sharp steel in struments will cut out the surplus glass, and a smoothing moving iu a constantly changing curve, will bo fop months and months passing over its surface before the lens can bo utilized. During this time it will bo tested, perhaps hundreds of times, by tho aid of a silver mirror, till its proper focal power shall have boon established. machine, Each of the processes employed in the operation is intricate and delicate. That of getting the correct focal po may, however, be considered the most interesting, mirror a little starliko ray of light will be made to pass through tho Ions and reflected back through it again from tho mirror. wer On being set before the Until all tho inequalities of density in tho glaSs are removed, tho ray of light transmitted will bo perfect in shape, the lens will have to go from tho grind ing and smoothing machine to tho test ing apparatus, until the tiny ray of light is as perfect as when it leaves the little lamp that sends it forth. The largest astronomical photograph lens previously made has boon but twonty-four inches in diameter, and it is expected that tho present one will accomplish unheard-of triumphs in voaling wonders of the starry firma ment. Judge Widney said that through it the moon will look as if only loO miles away, and that if there not Back and forth re are any cities or large buildings on its surface their presence will be revealed through its aid. ■ I The glass, it is thought, will also settle the question as to tho sup posed signals of light which the in habitants ot mars are understood to bo making to tho people of tho earth. Tho observatory for which this now telescope is intended is to be about twelve or fifteen miles from Los A goles on a part of tbo Sierra Madi mountains, known ns Wilson peak, is claimod to bo a better sight for ob servation than tho Lick observatory. It is about 6,000 feet above the sea level, and is free from tbo mist and fogs which roll in through tbo Golde Gate and spoil many chances ot ob servation with tho Lick telescope. 1 ho atmospheric conditions altogether are said to bo more favorable for tronomical search than at the former place. ii •a It n ,i - ■ He Was Pretty Well Balanced. A member of the society ot "Watch Dogs of tho Sunrise." who went homo in Lewiston long towards morning Inst week, sank half exhausted into a chair. His wife, who was up and waiting for him, opened up with the alarm! statement, "John William, what you are doing, sir. I know what you are doing. You are just simply shortening your days. You don't de servo to come into this house, aro abusing tho life that was given You aro out til morning, kitow you aro, and you aro shortening your clays. You aro! you aro!" John William straightened up, it is said, and looked his wife in tho eye and finally said, solemnly. "M'ria, guess I bo. Guess you'ro right Am sure enough. ng I know You you. You short'ning my days. Can't deny it. Don't want to deny it. But I know ono thing. I'm length'nin' out my nights a good deal, ain't,!?" And neither he nor his ifo said any thing for somo time after.—Lewiston (Mo.) Journal. A Preacher's History. Hlgh-salariod ministers will bo in terested in tho life-story ot Rev. Joseph C. Wells, a Loiod Baptist preacher, who attended, tha Clinch • A alloy association in W iso counts', which has'just adjourned. He furnished this outline of his minislS ial career: '-I have never been Brlsto', the nearest town to mo, did I ever sea a steam car until a months ago, when a South Atlantiffl Ohio train began to run ln frontä my house, but I had seen and travel! almost every hog-path in four ing counties. For thirty-five y can have boon roaming over those tain counties pleading for my Sa 1 have never received $110 a year, told, for my ministerial work. Of have 1 gone thirty miles to funeral sermon and received not a for it, nor did 1 expect anyth! When 1 was converted I could road, but I felt that I must loam read the sacred Scriptures. 1 all day in the fields and at night* studied with my mother. She me how to road.' HOW THE WORLD GROWS. Tho Question Xow Is, How Soon Will tho Be Orerpooideill None of tho addresses made recent meeting of tho British elation have excited more discuss!«^ than tho speech in which Mr. stein estimated tho maximum iation which tho earth can feed tho epoch at which that maximum will bo attained, provided the rate of increase continues. Mr. stein's promises are in part derii® from the computations of the authoritative geographers. Those perts aver that tho comparai! fertile laud of the earth comprima 28,000,000 square miles, the bare land or steppe 11,000,000, and the desert 4,180,000, making about 000,000 square miles in all. They say that tho present population of world is 1,463,000,000, and that increases 8 per coat, every ton yeayb. Taking these data for granted, aloe assuming that tho average" of all the cultivable land upon globe will not exceed the pi' average of European productiveness, Mr. Ravenstein reaches tho conclus^o that 182 yours hence the population^! the earth will amount to 6,000.000,000, and that this will utmost uurabor of people whiob ' earth can feed. The objection to this pessimistic conclusion is that two of tho assump tions are obviously disputable, bo no moans probable that, as piqdàfr tion presses on tho means of subsjat enec, the present rate of increase be maintained. The oxporienco|èol Franco seems conclusive on that and even that ot the United points in tho same direction. Mr. Ravenstein'* address to the ish Association ended with the ndmik sion that wo need not about his calculations, seeing that of us will live to see the day there will be no more room upoi|) earth. We may go further and ptjHH that 182 years hence there will be little cause to worry about the proportion of population to foo j| there is now, so long as climato condi tions are not materially changed. state of things is scarcely conceivable under which tho brain of man wMild not devise tho means of supportinJHhe human race upon this planet. IT Loved and Lost. I loved a simple country maid ; Yes, sho was very simple. 1 praised her eyes, her golden hair, Her mouth, which was a dimple.. Sho looked upon mo with r< ,:ardl ' And love. I really know it; ^ And flattered was I when at last?! Sho sweetly I lived on lovo. It's But then it is not filling, And oven with a year's such food* ; I'd hardly be worth killing. J She was a simple country maid, So simple and so pretty ; It I knew she'd bo enraptured whoa, 1 brought her to tho city. hi Jessed to it.âyjNJ •fui moat Ono day I hastened to her home; Alas ! she was not there, My little simple maiden had Fled with a millionaire. . ' ■ I ,...-0 Mali. The Peacock. It is curious that tho habits 61 common a bird should bo ad 1 Hub known. Wo have been gravely itolr that they could not lly, becauèa theii tails were so heavy. But the droUes and least pardonable ec misslathjnen about peacocks is to be fopW "Couch's illustration of laMmet, whore we are told Hint — "If surprised by a foe, tho poacoe erects his gorgeous feathers, enemy beholds a creature whdl he estimates by the circumforöhfe' tho glittering circle, bis attonttoss Iho sumo time being distende* bv hundred alarming eyes, accon panic by a hiss from tho serpent-liko I Jad i, tho center." qd tli a bill! a ï Tho fact is tho peacock closeipb tjiil at once tho moment he is nlarmei and flies off with a scream, instead ■ stopping to hiss. Ho will not sure;, his tail at all if undor fo r; and; Wh> ho does spread it, it is oilhcr <Ait . rivalry with the males or to altnp tho females. Th ï Judicial Women. A clever man tho other day iffll glwj» ing his opinion of women, am Hb» what ho said; "To my mind •ilienjadi ci 1 woman is a dismal bloL ontbo face ot tho universe, women who things out. We want dear, deli ghtful, frivolous things who will float b# us butterfly fashion, making us no end ol trouble, and inducing us to be trifling to kill each other for their snkei. The lime when woman was at her biit ic my way of thinking, was in tho^^"^ ages, when she sat up in a wimfipLjiJf a lurrelted castle, threw her baqdjte). chief down to ouo knight, and i fjatod rival rushed at him as he grasoid* and they flow at each oth(^™~ knocked their tin hats off. ll.oJMUc* rival was stretched out stiff and the maiden iu the turret n ; ; gliySdcd her gallant knight, r.nd belli viid'shat ho had done well. Tho judicuJremalt is a mente* hermaphrodite," so say ono man. Wo don't rant can reason and work an d