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WASHINGTON. IDAHO, OREGON AND MONTANA NEWS. Interesting Items Gathered A Few From Our Exchanges of the Sur rounding Country—Numerous Acci dents and Personal Events Take Place—Fall Trade Is Good. IDAHO NEWS. The recent smallpox cost Shoshone county $2102. Claud Brown, 16 year old son of J. V. Brown of Moscow, has skipped. Work on the Moscow extension of the Inland Electric railroad has been begun. Charles Clark, a native of Colorado Springs, was killed by a cavein at Wal lace. Wardner lodge, No. 29, I. O. O. F., announces the 88th anniversay of their order, to be held on April 26. The supreme court has ordered that the county attorney at Rathdrum file the Information in the J. T. Scott libel case. A human skeleton has been found by Edward Cates of Kamiah on the op posite side of the river from that place. It is not known to whom the skeleton belonged. The annual financial statement of Shoshone county has been completed by the county auditor. The cash on hand at the close of the fiscal year for 1906 amounts to $105,982.19. Mystery surrounds the allegation that the United States grand jury voted to indict Senator W. E. Borah in connection with the Barber Lumber company timber case. The charges made recently against Douglas W. Ross, the engineer in charge of the Payette-Boise reclama tion project in Idaho, and F. C. Horn, consulting engineer for that project, have been dismissed by the secretary of the interior. The 14th annual Watkins oratorical contest of the University of Idaho was held Saturday, the winner being James H. Frazier, 1907. The winner receives a $40 gold medal, contributed by for er winners. He will represent Idaho in the annual interstate oratorical con test at Eugene, Oregon. It is reported that there is a scarcity of ready money through parts of the Clearwater country because of the in ability of the grain companies to se cure a sufficient number of cars to handle the grain in the warehouses. Word has been received at Lewiston that Duke Rossi, the man who for a year posed in the Lewiston country as the son of an Italian nobleman, who said that when his inheritance arrived he would invest large amounts in the Lewiston & Southeastern electric line, and would build a mansion on Craig mountain such as has never been seen by America, is now incarcerated in an Italian prison, charged with having represented himself to be the son of a wealthy American while he was so journing in Italy. WASHINGTON NOTES. Tuesday was clean-up day at Pros ser. A potato famine is reported at Kahlotus. Arbor day was duly celebrated in Kennewick. A large crowd witnessed the horse show at Waitsburg. Oliver Pape has been appointed post master at Cunningham. The Walla Walla traveling men have organized a local council. Hatton business men are discussing the advisability of incorporating that town. Work on the foundation for the new cannery to be erected in Walla Walla this spring has commeneced. William A. E. Smart, the oldest ma rin steward in years of service on the Coast, died in Seattle recently. One hundred and seventy-five bales . of hops were purchased by Isaac Pin chus & Sons at 6V£cents per pound. The splendid spring weather we have been having the past few days is causing great activity in the fields. H. W. Keith was sentenced to five years in the state penitentiary by Judge Brents at Walla Walla for adult ery. Nels Sells, aged 28, was killed by a falling tree in Larsen's camp near Aberdeen. His home was in Moro, Mich. Charles W. Buddrius, a rancher who lived two miles south of Dixie, was instantly killed by falling from a load of hay. Spokane is to be the host of the grand encampment and of/ the grand lodge I. O. O. F. and Rebekah assem bly of Washington from June 3 to 6. It is believed that the man found on the ranch of Green McCabe, near Rosalia, a few days ago, was from Spokane and that bis name was Moss. The Northern Pacific company is spending a considerable sum of money for new engines and other equipment to be used in this part of the country. It is reported that the Prosser Falls I^ands and Power company, U. F. Ben son, president, has purchased the light plant of the Prosser Electric company. On a merit scale arranged by the employers and the union the Union Ma ! chinery & Supply company's men, who ! went on a strike at Seattle, have re sumed work. Three representative Quinault In dians have gone to Washington to protest to President Roosevelt against the proposed plan of including the Quinault reservation in the Olympia forest reserve. I In addressing the chamber of com merce the other day Congressman W. L. Jones said it would be three or four years before the south half of the Col ville reservation could be opened to settlement. Wo Fong Kong, a wealthy silk mer chant, and Miss Chin Sue, the ac knowledged belle of the North Yakima Chinatown, eloped, going to Seattle, where they were married by a justice of the peace. At Asotin Charles McFadden, the naturopathic physician who was arrest ed last summer on the charge of man slaughter, by reason of treating the 9 months-old child of William Robinson for a period of two or three weeks through a fasting or starvation method, was found guilty as charged. Robert King, an 18 year old youth, has pleaded guilty to setting two fires to the St. Paul lodging house at North Yakima, where he was detained under quarantine after exposure to smallpox. King confessed and was bound over to the superior court in $1000 bail. The regulations agreed to by the railroad representatives and state com mission are The interchangeable 2 1 /6 cent a mile mileage books; prompt re demption of unused tickets; that all delayed trains be bulletined at all sta tions at intervals and all regulars to be also listed on a public bulletin; that stations be supplied with water, heat, light, seats and toilet facilities and be kept clean before the time of arrival of trains. Whitman County Notes. The Eudicott fire alarm bell has ar rived. Elberton people are already begin ning to talk picnic. A large acreage of potatoes will be planted in the Palouse country this season. Great complaint is made at Pqlouse because of the car shortage and lum ber shipments. Electric train service on the Spo kane & Inland to Oakesdale was in augurated Monday. This summer is expected to be the best in the history of Pullman from a business standpoint. The Garfield high school won out Friday night in a debate with the Col fax high school at Garfield. Most of the graded schools in Whit man county are employing teachers at a considerable advance in salaries. The condition of fruit trees at pres ent indicate an excellent harvest of fruit this year in the upland country. The streets of Colfax were thronged with 2000 people Saturday, who saw the first annual horse show and parade. The three days' rally of the Chris tian Endeavor societies of Whitman county at Tekoa this week was a great success. The cutting of the large plate glass windows in most of the stores on Main street, Colfax, presumably with a dia mond, occurred last week. Cars for wheat shipments are being furnished more liberally by the rail roads and heavy shipments of grain are being made to the coast. County Fruit Inspector J. H. Holt has informed the fruit growers of Whitman county that the law will be strictly enforced and that orchards must be sprayed. MONTANA ITEMS. At Seattle recently, Pinkerton de tectives apprehended Elipah Smith, the defaulting cashier of the Bank of Malta, at Malta. Three saloon holdups in Butte oc curred during 24 hours. The robbers secured $205. The Butte carpenters have ratified the proposition of the mining compan ies, the vote being 207 to 51. Milk river, a tributary of the Mis souri, in the eastern part of the state. Is a raging torrent. Already two fa talities have been reported, these be ing John Peterson and his son, Max Peterson, both well known ranchers of Valley county, who were drowned while trying to reach safety in a wagon. The body of the latter has been recovered. It Is known that others have met death. Glasgow, the county seat of Valley county, is prac tically submerged. A man who is believed to be Peter Elk was found recently near the Ta bor ranch, about 40 miles from Grant Falls, eating grass from the roadside. He Is thought to be demented. OREGON SQUIBS. The sanitarium of Dr. W. Mays, near Haines, was destroyed by fire recently. All of the Inmates but John F. Cris man, electrician for the resort, es caped. He was burned to death. Fire loss about $55,000. Arbor day and "Clean Up Milton day" were one in Milton and ob served by nearly all the citizens. Muck rakes, shovels and spades were called in:o use oy all citizens, and as a result Milton today is a spick and span little city. ARBOR DAY ADDRESS bor Day Thoughtfully," Says the PRESIDENT SENDS GREETING' TO THE CHILDREN. Appeal to the Youth of the Nation— Save the Trees—"Celebrate Your Ar Chief Executive—Help to Preserve Forests or Plant New Ones. President Roosevelt has addressed "To the School Children of the United States" a message on the subject of Arbor day. He advises that they ob serve the day thoughtfully. The mes sage says: "Arbor day is now observed in every state in our union, mainly in the schools. At various times you give a day or part of a day to special exer cises or to actual tree planting. "It is well that you should celebrate your Arbor day thoughtfully, for with in your lifetime the nation's need of trees will become serious. We of the older generation can get along with what we have, though with growing hardship, but in your full manhood and womanhood you will want what nature once so bountifully supplied and man so thoughtlessly destroyed; and be causo of that you will reproach us for what we have wasted. "For the nation, as for the man or woman and the boy or girl, the road to success is the right use of what we have and the improvement of present opportunity. If you neglect to prepare yourselves now for the duties and re sponsibilities that wiil fall on you later; if you do not learn the things which you will need to know when your school days are over, you will suffer the consequences. So any na tion which in its youth lives only for the day, reaps without sowing and consumes without husbanding, must expect the penalty of the prodigal, whose labor could with difficulty find him the bare means of life. "A people without children would face a hopeless future; a country with out trees is almost as hopeless. A true forest Is not merely a storehouse full of wood, but, as it were, a factory of wood and at.the same time a reser voir of water. When you help to pre serve our forests or to plant new ones you are acting the part of good citizens. The value of forestry de serves therefore to be taught in the schools. If your Arbor day exercises help you to realize what benefits each one of you receive from the forests and how by your assistance these bene fits may continue, they will serve a good end. 'THEODORE ROOSEVELT." GENERAL WADE RETIRES. General Frederick Grant Gets Com mand Over the East. Major General James F. Wade, the senior of rank in the army and next in rank to Lieutenant General Mac Arthur, terminated his active connec tion with the army Saturday by opera tion of law, on account of age. He became 64 years of age, the retiring age, on Sunday. His military service covers a period of 46 years and in cludes participation in the civil war, the Indian campaigns and the Spanish American war. The retirement will result in the promotion of Brigadier General William S. McCraskey, com manding the department of Texas, to the grade of major general, and the promotion of Colonel Charles Morton of the Seventh cavalry, which is in the Philippines, to the grade of briga dier general. Major General Frederick D. Grant, commanding the department of the east, at New York, will succeed General Wade in the command of the Atlantic division. The division com mand will be abolished on July 1 next and merged into the department of the east. General Grant will retain the command until relieved by General Wood, when he will probably be as signed to the command of the de partment of the lakes, at Chicago. Who Should Pay? Owing to a controversy between the Canadian and United States govern ments as to which shall pay for mail originating in the United States and passing over the Washington & Great Northern railroad destined for post offices in the United States, the towns of Orovllle, Night Hawk, Loomis, Con conully, Molson and Chesaw, Wash., receive no mail from Spokane by rail. Instead the mail is thrown off at Re public, Wash., where it is taken to these towns by stage, requiring three days to reach its destination, while by rail It would arrive in from 12 to 14 hours. Professor Quarles Is Dead. Lexington, Va.. April 16.—James Addison Quarles, D. D., LL D., Pot the last 21 years professor of mora' Philosophy at Washington and Lee university, died here today, aged 7' 1 years. Satan always keeps a large forer busy coining excuses for not doing right. 1 CHINESE FAMINE TERRIBLE. Ten Million Persons Are Said to Be in Need of Food in the Empire. Telegrams received at Shanghai from 20 points in the famine district report that the conditions are grow ing worse. The Chinese government and people up to date have contributed over $4,000,000 for famine relief, and the sums received from all foreign sources total half a million dollars, including the supplies on their way from America. The Chinese viceroy and governor telegraphed to the American consul, Mr. Rodgers, their thanks for the re lief sent, saying that it is dissipating ! the antiforeign sentiment which ani mated the masses. There are 50 mis sionaries with the higher class of Chinese engaged in overseeing the re lief distribution. Confucianists, Catholics and Protes tants are working together. The tele graph officials are 'carrying free all messages to and from the reflef works and the steamship companies are fur nishing free transportation for sup plies of food, etc., for the suffer ers. Twenty thousand of the famine | sufferers are employed in building dams and canals to prevent a reoccur rence of the floods. The relief committee here is prompt ly sending supplies to the front, but the funds are not yet in its posses sion. Measures adopted up to date are inadequate. Ten million persons are suffering j from lack of food and facing starva : tion. The members of the committee at the front report that they find the bodies of the sufferers bloated and their faces turning green or black as the result of starvation. The people are pulling up the growing crops for food. Whole families have been found dead in their houses and corpses are seen lying by the roadside. Probably 5000 persons are dying daily from starvation. a few cases of rioting for food have occurred and cannibalism is be ginning to be reported. Graves have been rifled of the bodies and parents are exchanging their children to be eaten. A dollar, the relict committee reports, will save one life until the harvest, June 26, and $10,000,000 is needed. The whole amount cannot be raised in China. The situation is des perate and Americans are urged to give $3,000,000 in the next three weeks, not for Christian, but for humanitarian work. It is suggested that it would be best to cable money to the consul here, James Linn Rodgers, as supplies can be purchased in Shanghai. - GO TO THE PEACE CONGRESS Choate to Head a Delegation of Dis tinguished Citizens. At a recent meeting of the cabinet the names of the delegates to the peace conference were announced. Owing to the growing importance of the approaching congress and the ex tension of the program, the number of delegates has been slightly increased. As announced the American delegates will-be as follows: Joseph H. Choate, former ambassa dor to Great Britain; General Horace Porter, former ambassador to France; U. M. Rose of Arkansas, former presi dent of the American Bar assaclatlon; David Jayne Hill, American minister to The Netherlands: Brigadier General George B. Davis, judge advocate gen eral of the army and formerly profes sor of international law at the United States military academy; Rear Ad miral Charles S. Sperry, U. S. N.; Will iam I. Buchanan, formerly minister to Argentine and to Panama and chair man of the American delegation to the Rio conference; secretary, Will iam Chandler Hale of Maine, formerly secretary of the American embassy at Vienna and the son of Senator Hale of Maine; James Brown Scott, solici tor of the department of state; expert attache; Charles Henry Butler, re porter of the United States supreme court. The delegates will sail about the middle of May. President Names Holidays. President Roosevelt has promulgated an order giving Saturday half holidays during July, August and September to all mechanics, laborers and other employes at the manufacturing and supply arsenals and depots under the war department and in the office of the division and deparment head quarters of the army and in the en gineering department at large. The order provides that on Saturdays in the months named four hours, exclu sive of time for luncheon, shall con stitute a day's work. Shorter Hours for Operators. Jefferson City, Mo.—Governor Folk has signed the bill passed by the re cent session of the legislature prohibit ing railway telegraph operators hand ing train orders from working more ban eight hours in one day. At day -dations where but one operator is em ployed he may work 12 hours. The man who seeks salvation with Lis eyes closed usually bumps up against something else. POOR STANDARD OIL QUND GUILTY IN INDIANA ON 1463 COUNTS. Company Has Been on Trial for Last Six Weeks on Charge of Having Re ceived Rebates From Chicago & Al ton Railroad—Liable to Fine of $29,260,000. « The Standard Oil company of In diana, which has been on trial for the last six weeks before Judge K. M. Landis in the United States district court on a charge of having received rebates from the Chicago & Alton on shipments from Whiting, Ind., to East St. I-ouis, Ill., was found guilty on 1463 counts of the original 1903 in the indictment. The remaining 440 counts were dropped from the Indictment on account of errors, if the verdict is sustained the oil company is liable to a fine of $29,260,000, as the Elkins law, which the indictment charged the company with having violated, pro vides a fine of $1000 to $20,000 for each offense. Pending a motion for a new trial, which John S. Miller, counsel for the defendant, announced would bo made immediately, no ac tion will be taken by the court to ward collecting the fine. The indictments charged that in the shipment of 1903 cars of oil over the Chicago Terminal Transfer and the Chicago and Alton railways from Whit ing. Ind., to East St. Louis., HI., by way of Chappell, 111., the oil company .accepted a rate of 6 cents for 100 pounds, when the published rate was 18 cents. Early in tlie trial attorneys for the defense endeavored to have all lue counts in the indictments thrown out on technicalities, but the court or dered that each count be considered separately, which was done. The jury was out less than three hours and reached the verdict on the first ballot. The court's charge left the jury a discretion as to how many of the counts it might find the company to have been guilty. A motion by its at torneys to limit the number of offenses to one will be argued next week by agreement. The company's lawyers contend that but one crime, if any, was committed, and the multiplicity of counts amounts to persecution. They declare the corporation will be ruined if the prosecution procures any such interpretation of the law. Judge Lun dis agreed to permit the jury to find a verdict this week so that its vigil of six tiresome weeks might end. He will rule as to the number of offenses next week. If he limits the offenses to but one crime there can be no greater fine than $20,rr00 and possibly the defend ant might escape with a fine of $1000. The ruling will be most important in federal jurisdiction. It will deter mine whether or not the federal laws against railroad discrimination are en forceable. SPEECH BY MR. ROOSEVELT. At Dedication of Monument to the Rough Riders. President Roosevelt made a speech on patriotism and good citizenship at the dedication recently of the monu ment erected in the national cemetery at Arlington to the memory of the Rough Riders of the Spanish-American war. Mrs. Allyn K. Capron, widow of Captain- Capron of the Rough Riders regiment, who fell at Las Guimas, pulled the cord holding the American flag that covered the monument. Rev Dr. D. J. Stafford of St. Patrick's church made the dedication address. The monument is the design of Mrs. Capron. It is a monolith and stands 14 feet high on a base 6x6 feet. The memorial bears the names of more than 100 members of the regiment who died either in Cuba or after the re turn of the regiment to the United States. The main decoration is a bronze tablet bearing the regimental device and the inscription: "First United States volunteer cav altry. in memory of the deceased mem bers of the First United States volun teer cavalry, Spanish-American war. Erected by members of the regiment, 1906." President Roosevelt, who was col onel of the regiment, referred to the peculiar gratification of himself ami his comrades in this memorial and enunciated his well known views on the duties of citizenship. Swift Baloon Trip. London—Two German aeronauts. Dr. Wageuer and Adolph Koch, descender! in a balloon Saturday at Enderby, near Leicester, the balloon having covered 812 miles from Berlin In 19 hours. Baltimore to Plant Mines. The bureau of navigation has de filed to convert the cruiser Baltimore, one of Dewey's fleet at the battle of Manila bay, into a mine planting ship. The chief difference between the itch for office and the seven year itch is that the latter can be curod.