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r. J fife»|s| BÜy ✓/ r. How to Bud Poaches. "For a budding knife take a com mon case knife—a broken one will do— out blade off square about one inch from haft, sharpen this end 1 not very thin, but sharp. Keep the normal edge ns keen as possible. Now, to use It Set the end edge squarely across the branch, or seedling, where you wish to set your bud, and with gentle pressure cut through the bark to the wood. Next, act the same edge vertically Just below where you hare made the cross Incision and cut through the bark as before, and before withdrawing the knife give It a slight twist, which will throw the bark open for the reception of the bud. The bud la cut from the ■clou of the variety desired by start ing the knife in the scion about one fourth of an Inch below the bud, and cutting upward to the same distance above, taking off the bud with a shield shaped piece of bark and a small shavv Ing of the wood of the scion, insert this In the Incision already made In the stock and tie the bark to the stock down over It firmly, but not too tight ly. For tying, anything nearly will do. I have used corn husks when other ma terial was not handy." Mäkln* « Ilrooiler at Home. Here are the plans for a brooder that can be easily made by anyone: Make a box 6 feet 4 Inches by 3 feet 8 Inches and 2 feet high, using 2x2 Inch pieces for corner posts, and matched boards for siding. Inside nail strips around 11 Inches from bottom to support the floor, which should be made of matched lumber and left so It could be taken out and cleaned. Make door In end level with floor, also glass In upper half of each side for light. Top made to slant both'ways and about half of each side hinged on so ns to make feeding and cleaning easy. Place largo piece of sheet Iron on underside of floor with half-inch strips between floor and Iron. Cut door 4n lower part of end ; plat* good metal bowl lamp under sheet Iron ; bore sev eral holes In floor over lamp, putting tin can punched full of holes over this to keep out dirt Place thermometer on Inside and you will have a brooder which will give the best of satisfac tion. Hard Mouthed llornei. Here Is something of practical value to anyone driving a horse that pulls on the bit : Fasten a small ring to each side of the bridle and ns near the brow band ns possible. Pass the liner through the bit rings and snap them Into the rings at the brow band. This, with a common Jointed bit, will enable a child to hold a puller or hard mouth ed horse with ease under almost all circumstances. It can be used on a fast horse In double team or on both, ns desired. It Is cheap and easily ap plied, and It won't make the mouth sore. It Is better than any patent bit. ■—Farm Press. llomfmRde Srw Hortf. The Illustration shows the best con trivance for bolding slabs or other L HANDY SAW HORSE. refuse wood while sawing It for kin dling or fuel. Farm Noten. Fanners who make money by skin ning the farm are like companies who pay dividends by watering their stock. The farmer who permits his chickens to roost In the stables does not deserve to own a horse. It generally requires but little effort to keep them out and It should be done by all means. It Is useless to attempt to keep win ter squashes that have been Injured by frost. Those that are uninjured are beat kept on shelves In layers In a locu tion where the temperature does not fall below 40 degrees. Re careful that they are not kept too warm. The all around food for milk cows Is grass. Therefore look well to the pas tures and see that their quality Is Im proved. t Milk makes a splendid feed for hogs, but !t should not be relied upon to fur nish both food and drink. When a hog Is thirsty It needs a drink of water. Dry farming, as they call the meth od of tilling the land In the West Is nothing more nor less than cultivating the land In a manner so that the great est amount of moisture will be con served- The Idea la to keep a dry dnat mulch on the surface at all time«. IV): A 2kàii w 4 i young trees : '1 hey can be trained to tlie desired form better w kr T»«n» Tree« Are Bent. Thene are the advantages of planting than older trees, says Farming. A 2 or 3-year-old tree is branched and has had its head . already formed by the nurseryman ; a ! yearling tree of the apple, pear and sweet cherry. Is usually unbranched. Sometimes the nurseryman has headed the tree too high or has not been care ful enough about starting out the scaf fold limbs, and It is difficult to cor rect the form of the bead after It has been started. There I» an unmistak able preference for low-headed trees, due chiefly to the need of economy and efficiency In spraying and harvesting. The single disadvantage of low-head ing I« greater Inconvenience In tillage. This is much more than offset by the advantages, In the Judgment of most growers. Within ten years the heigh' recommended for heading apple trees in the East has been reduced at least two feet The bearing of this on the matter of yearling trees is that the grower can head a yearling tree where he pleases. A iichon ii m Fenc* Poiti. Here Is a handy way of anchoring fence posts In draws or low places: In stead of banging a stone to the post, ANCHORING POSTS IN DRAWS. take a double wire and use It In the form of a truss, as Indicated In cut. The plan is so simple that little descrip tion Is necessary. If the cut Is very deep, one can use a longer post, or spike a 2x4 onto the post, and so put the truss wire yet higher, and hence that much more effective. Conpua for Hori, Those living where they can success fully grow the cow pea should utilize this valuable crop ns a cheap ration for pigs. The pea Is rich In protein and furnishes the needed growth, and docs away with the necessity of mlllstuff. Drill three or four pecks of seed per acre the latter part of May or the first part of June, and give the needed culti vation till the vines cover the ground enough to check weed growth. Turn the pigs Into the field when the pods begin to ripen, and they will do the harvesting. If the old hogs are pas tured on peas, they need corn or some other carbonaceous feed to give proper balance, for they cannot utilize so much protein ns pigs. Try a patch of cow pea pasture this year, and get your hogs In fine shape for the corn when It cornea New Ment I,aw WorUIn« Well. In addressing the convention of the New York State Breeders' Association upon the new meat Inspection law and its bearing upon .the production and handling of meata George P. McCabe, solicitor of the department of agricul ture at Washington, said the law ap peared to bo working well and was serving as a guarantee of the henlth fulncss, purity and wholesomeuess of our live stock and meats In the kets of the world. He declared that, to secure the best résulta breeders of every state should take up vigorously the question of the extension of kets and should back the department of agriculture In an Insistent demand for an absolute efficient, vigilant, fair and square meat inspection. Apple Scab. Experiments were carried on by the Washington State Station for the pre vention of apple scab. In which trees were sprayed with ordinary Bordeaux mixture, and also dust Bordeaux. On eighty-five trees, representing fifteen varieties, sprayed with dust Bordeaux, the average percentage of clean fruit was 13 per cent, while on fifty trees representing the same number of varie ties that were not sprayed the average percentage of clean fruit was 6 per cent. On the other hand, sixty trees representing eight varieties that were sprayed with liquid Bordeaux gave an average of 89 per cent clean fruit, showing the evident superiority of the liquid Bordeaux for the prevention of this disease. mar mar Vitalltr of Altai fa Seed. Tests made at the Colorado station seem to Indicate that "good, plump, mature, clean alfalfa seed does not lose Its vitality rapidly when kept with or dinary precaution to present Injury from moisture." The oldest sample had a germinating power of 03 per cent when six year old. and of 72 when ten years old and of 63 when sixteen years old. Professor W. P. Headden believes that the limit for the vitality of good, mature alfalfa seed exceeds sixteen Tear«. FORAKER WHACKS THEM. Gets After Roosevelt, Taft and Till man. Bellefontaine, Ohio.—If a public man's head escaped a crack at Sen ator Foraker's bands recently It was because the senator failed to see It. Roosevelt and his "big stick," Taft and his presidential candidacy, Till man and his race antipathies, and u ur tcm and his senatorial aspirations received especial attention, FoHiker has refrained thus far from Senator any direct reference to the talk of Taft as a presidential possibility. In ★is speech here tonight he made it clear that he not only proposes to fight vigorously for his own political life, but will do all in his power to see that Taft fails of the presidential nomination. "The big stick," he said, "won't work with any free born American, nor will it do any good to sugar it with a postofflce Job." Then he tufhed to Taft. "I'm not a candidate for office," he said, "but if I should be I would not get lockjaw. I don't have to hold office to live. Secretary Taft is reported to have said not longer than the day before yesterday that he wanted tariff re vision, Former Governor Herrick said he wanted it, too. I don't wonder. "Congressman Burton, who is said to want my place in the senate, is another Vho wants revision. I would like to know where these men who want to be candidates are to begin to revise. They say Taft is going to run for president. I understand he has come to Ohio to make a speech at Columbus. I hope he tells us how he is going to revise the tariff. These aspirants for office must take posi tions on the nation's great problems before I vote for them. I'm beginning to be particular for whom I vote." Then the senator turned to Tillman, arguing that the 14th and 15th amend ments to the constitution were made necessary by the situation created by secession. Men like Tillman and Var daman do not voice the south's true sentiments. Andrew Jackson, he re marked, and here by innuendo he rapped Roosevelt again, was one of the presidents who believed executive power everything, and undertook re construction without consulting the congress. PLANS TO OUST BOODLE BOARD Mayor Taylor of San Francisco Wants Bad Ones to Resign Singly. San Francisco. Cal., July 29.—It is expected that the 16 supervisors ap pointed by Mayor Taylor will be for mally seated soon. The present plan Is to have one member of the boodling board resign at a time in order that there may be a majority to pass the resolution of formal recognition of each of the new members as he takes his seat. In this manner is planned to proceed until each of the 16 resig nations have been formally accepted and each of the 16 of Mayor Taylor's list has been formally appointed and recognized. Former Mayor Schmitz Is preparing at the county Jail a list of supervisors whom he will apolnt to succeed the old board. A test case to establish Mayor Taylor's authority is soon to be made by bringing mandamus proceed ings against City Treasurer Bantel to honor salary warrants. Some girls like to go to the circus to see the new styles In boas In the men- j agerle. When a man remains throughout an ! entertainment with his overcoat on, It Is one sign he doesn't attend such an entertainment very often. j Wealth refines and so does an agricultural college and a sugar mill. Many a storm oould be so easily averted If we only watched the baro meter that hangs on the wall of the | human hearL j Don't stand sponsor for the opinions i of others. - Send Demyanovitch to Mines. Bialystok—The district court re cently handed down sentences In the cases of men on trial for complicity In the anti-jewlsh attacks here In June, 1906. The court sentenced a man named Demyanovitch to eight years' hard labor in the mines, and four other men were given life terms of imprisonment. Hatred Is love at low tide A good many people who do their duty as they see It should visit an ° C q iBt ... ... 1 sauts s: cessfully resisted the frosty and al most arctic winters because they have been repeatedly coated with tar. A "fashionable church" is a vest! bule to perdition. If God does not fit a man for the Christlan ministry, not all the colleges of the world can 1 A man cannot raise brains by Irrigating his stomach with booze. a crop of EIDES TO FEISCO IN NINETY DAYS. ■ : IPs s*i L ■ ' : - v ; m s y & m àf ' 1 y vZ/ A I sip i I I fmi ' < Mm i : x£: i :,<• ■ mi 1» » i S: II » s > & Mnm i,. Kg ■ HR j ■iW : / A m !|Xj> v ^£3 * & L y I Xj/J « ST m i. \ /■ • ' $ (Zk^TALM «»w. At an age when most men are content to sit In the easy chair and watch the youngsters, James P. Foley, 65 years old, captain of the police force of Logansport, Ind., will ride horseback to San Francisco on a $600 wager that he can complete the trip In ninety days. This will not be the first time that Capt Foley has ridden over the West ern country. He has fought Indians in the Black Hills and was in Utah dur ing the exciting times when the Mormons sought to exclude the Gentiles. He has ridden over the deserts of New Mexico and Arizona, climbed the Colorado mountain peaks and knows every mile of the great Panhandle range in West ern Texas. The rugged life of his younger days has left the captain a strong constitution. He is straight as an arrow, agile as a panther, and there few fleeter runners in Indiana. Prisoners who fall Into his clutches and show fight. Invariably get the worst of It. He keeps In training all the time. Each morning, winter or summer, no matter how severe the weather, he takes a gallop Into the country, astride his wiry Indian mustang. Capt Foley has figured that he will be able to make forty-five miles a day through Indiana, Illinois and Nebraska. Through the mountains he Is only counting on averaging from ten to fifteen miles. are Science ] Ute-v; AN* leIRvenfion V \ At the International Conference on Scientific Aeronautics, held recently In Milan, Mons. Telsserenc de Bort pre sented some Interesting results of the expedition to the equatorial regions of the Atlantic organized by himself and Lawrence Rotch. Contrary to expec tation, he said, they had found far lower temperatures In the upper air above the equator than at correspond ing elevations In temperate latitudes. At the equator the temperature goes on decreasing up to the greatest elevations attained by kites and balloona At the height of eight to eight and one-half miles temperatures were recorded as low as minus 80 degrees Centigrade, or 112 degrees Fahrenheit below zero. The Heroult electric process for the production of steel Is now In practical operation at Remscheid Hasten In Ger many, and It Is reported that the steel produced Is much superior In many ways to that made by older methods. Steel of great purity and homogeneous quality Is made from ordinary scrap iron rubbish, melted, and then subject ed to the action of an electric oven, In which the necessary carbon, nese, nickel and other substances Quired to produce steel of various qual Itles ar ® added to the liquid metal. The one-half to two tons, and Is heated by a current of 100 volts. The new steel Is said to be stronger and more re slstant to wear and tear than the old fashioned crucible steel Bou dy. a French engineer, has made a sensational discovery In the direction of aerial navigation. The inventor calls hls discovery an aerial torpedo boat, and It Is proposed to make use of It In warfare. manga re oven has a capacity of from one and The Petit Parisien states that M. M. Boudy claims that with the aid of the new machine he will be able to remain for several days In the alr and to rise to such a height that : ,z nnv i„ nfB ' gainst the wind, to a g e Perfectly, and. In addition, to CR ^ ry sh |L 8 or grenades for use in WÄr öme ' The mtnlster <* *ar Is glv ' ng attention to the claims of M. Boudy, and experiments will shortly ma< * e In connection with the Inven tlon, Examination of a photograph of the spectrum of the brilliant star Arcturus. made by Professor Hale and Mr. Ad ams at the Carnegie Solar Observatory on Mount Wilson. California, thowa very striking correspondence betweef many of the spectral lines In the light of that star and those observed In spots on the sun. The conclusion seems to be unavoidable, says Mr. Adams, that the physical conditions existing In sun spots and In the atmosphere of Arc turns are nearly Identical. A similar study of the spectrum of the bright star Betelgeuse, or Alpha Orlonls, shows that sun-spot lines present there, but even more Intense than In Arcturus. It Is Inferred that Arcturus Is probably cooler than the sun, and Betelgeuse cooler than Arc turus. An explanation of a curious optical phenomenon sometimes witnessed on frosty nights, which Is called the "pseu do-aurora," le offered by an official of the weather bureau. The phenomenon takes the form of beautiful columns of silvery light standing over electric arc lamps and other bright lights and sometimes appearing almost to reach the zenith, the evening star has a bright shaft be low as well as above, while the rising moon stands In a broad column of light These appearances are due to floating frost crystals, which keep their reflect ing faces horizontal. On examination It has been found that the crystals con cerned In the exhibition were thin, six sided plates of lee, never more than one millimeter In diameter. When tba wind blows these little plates were up set, and the columns of light caused by the reflection from their surfaces dl* appear. a are also It is said that sometimes Good Enough for L*oni«s The officials of the Privy Chamber, It appears, showed plainly that It an noyed them to be obliged to eat at the same table with Möllere; bo Louis, hearing of their rudeness, said to the actor during the petit-lever; "I hear you are badly entertained, M. de Möllere, and that my people don't find you good enough to eat with them. Perhaps you are hungry. Sit down here and try my en cas de nult" (a provision made In the evening In case the royal appetite should suddenly require satisfaction during the night). Then, cutting a chicken and ordering Möllere to be seated, the King helped him to a wing, took one himself, and gave orders that the most favored per sonages of the court be admitted. "You see, I am making Möllere eat something," said Louis, "for my valet* de chambre don't find him good enough company for them.''—H. Chatfleld-Tay lot's Moliere. Not a "Thank Ton." "I never knew a woman who wasn't bound to have the last word with yon "Unless it was In s street car andyoo were to say, "Take my seat, madam. —Philadelphia Ledger.