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The Lewiston teller. (Lewiston, Idaho) 1900-1905, December 05, 1901, Image 10

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benefit them so much as throwing them
open to industrial development.
Pacific Cable.
I call your attention most earnestly
to the crying need ol a cable to Ha
waii and the Philippines, to be con
tinued from the Philippines to points
In Asia. We should not defer a day
longer than necessary the construction
of such a cable. It Is demanded not
merely for commercial but for political
and military consideration«.
Either the congress should Immedi
ately provide for the construction of a
government cable, or else an arrange
ment should be made by which like ad
vantages to those accruing from a gov
ernment cable may be secured to the
government by contract with a private
cable company.
No single great material work which
remains to be undertaken on this con
tinent is at such consequence to the
American people as the building of a
canal across the Isthmus connecting
North and South America. Its Import
ance to the nation is by no means lim
ited merely to its material effects upon
our business prosperity; and yet with
view to these effects alone It would be
to the last degree Important for us Im
mediately to begin It. While Its bene
flclal effects would perhaps be most
marked upon the Pacific coast and the
Gulf and South Atlantic states, it would
also greatly benefit other sections. It
Is emphatically a work which it is for
the Interest of the entire country to
begin and complete as soon as possible;
it 1« one of those great works which
only a great nation can undertake with
prospects of success, and which when
done are not only permanent assets In
the nation's material Interests, but
standing monuments to Its constructive
I am glad to be able to announce to
you that our negotiations on this sub
ject with Oreat 'Britain, conducted pn
-both sides In a spirit of friendliness
and mutual good will and respect, have
resulted In my being able to lay before
the senate a treaty which if ratified
will enable us to -begin preparations for
an Isthmian canal at any time, and
which guarantees to this nation every
right that it has ever asked in connec
tion with the canal. In this treaty, the
old Clayton-Bulwer treaty, so long rec
ognised as Inadequate to supply the
base for the construction and mainte
nance of a necessarily American Ship
canal, Is abrogated. -It specifically pro
vides that the United -States alone shall
do the work of building and assume the
responsibility of safeguarding the ca
nal and shall regulate its neutral use
by all nations on terms of equality
without the guaranty or Interference
of any outside nation from any quar
ter. The signed treaty will at once be
laid before the senate, and If approved
the congress can then proceed to give
effect to the advantages it secures us
by providing for the building of the
The true end of every great and free
people should -be self-respecting peace;
and this nation most earnestly desires
sincere and cordial friendship with all
others. The peace conference at The
Hague gave definite expression to .this
hope and belief and marked a stride to
ward their attainment
This same peace conference acqui
esced In our statement of the Monroe
doctrine as compatible with the pur
poses and aims of the conference.
The Monroe doctrine should be the
cardinal feature of the foreign policy
of all the nations of the two Americas,
as It is of the United State«.
The wortt of upbuilding the navy
must be steadily continued. No one
point of our policy, foreign or domestic,
is more Important than this to the hon
or and material welfare, and above all
to the peace, of our nation In the fu
ture. Whether w desire it or not, we
must henceforth recognise that we have
International duties no less than inter
national rights. Even If our flag Were
hauled down In the Philippines and
Porto Rico, even if we decided not to
build the Isthmian canal, we should
peed a thoroughly trained navy of ade
quate sise, or else be prepared definitely
and for all time to abandon the idea
that our nation Is among those whose
sons go down to the sea in ships. Un
less our commerce Is always to be car
ried in foreign -bottoms, we must have
-war craft to protect it.
Our people intend to abide by the
Monroe doctrine and to Insist upon It
as the one sure means of securing the
peace of the western hemisphere. The
navy offers us the only means of mak
ing our Insistence upon the Monroe doc
trine anything buta subject of derision
to whatever nation chooses to disre
gard It. We desire the peace which
comes as of right to the just man arm
ed; not the peace granted on terms of
ignominy to the craven and the we&Jt
Our Navy.
There should be no cessation in the
work of completing our navy.
The American navy must either build
and maintain an adequate navy or else
make up their minds definitely to ac
cept a secondary position in Interna
tional affairs, not merely In political, J
but in commercial, matters. It has
been well said that there is no surer
way of courting national disaster than
to be opulent, aggressive, and un
Our Army.
It is not necessary to increase our
army beyond its present sise at this
time. Bat it is necessary to keep It at
the highest point of efficiency.
The proportion of our cavalry regi
ments has wisely been increased.
•A system should be adopted by which
there shall be an elimination grade by
grade of those who seem unfit to reader
the best service In the next grade. Jus
tice to the veterans of the Civil war
who are still la the army would seem
tp require that In the matter of retire
met «they be given by law the same
privilege* accorded to their comrades
In the navy.
Every effort should be made to bring
the army to a constantly Increasing
state of efficiency.
Action should be taken in reference
to the militia and to the raising of vol
unteer forces. Our militia law la obso
lète and worthless. The organisation
and armament of the National Guard
of the several states, which are treated
as militia In the appropriations by the
congress, should be made Identical with
those provided for the regular forces.
Our Vrterums.
No other citizens deserve so well of
the republic as the veterans, the sur
vlvors of those who saved the Union.
They did the one deed which If left
undone would -have meant that all else
In our history went for nothing. But
tor their steadfast prowess In the great
est crisis of our history, all our annale
would be meaningless, and our great
experiment In popular freedom and
self-government a gloomy failure.
Moreover, they not only left us a united
nation, but they left us also as a heri
tage the memory of the mighty deeds
by which the nation was kept united.
We are now Indeed one nation, one In
-fact as well as in name; we are united
in our devotion to the flag which Is
the symbol of national greatness and
unity; and the very completeness of
our union enables us all, in every part
of the country, to glory in the valor
3hown alike by the sons of the north
and the sons of the south in the time«
that tried men's souls.
Civil Service.
The merit system of making appoint
mets is in iJts essence as democratic and
American as the common school system
Wherever the conditions have permit
ted the application of the merit sys
tem in Its fullest and widest sense, the
gain to the government has been lm
mense. The navy-yards and -postal
service illustrate, probably better than
any other branches of the government,
the great gain In economy, efficiency
and honesty due to the enforcement of
this principle.
I recommend the passage of a law
which will extend the classified service
to the District of Columbia, or will at
least enable the president thus to ex
tend It. In my Judgment all laws pro
vldlng for the temporary employment
of clerks should hereafter contain a
provision that they be selected under
the civil service law.
The merit system Is Btmply one meth
od at securing -honest and efficient ad
ministration of the government; and In
the long run the sole Justification of
any type of government lies In Its prov
ing itseM hot hhonest and efficient.
Conaalar Service.
The consular service is now organ
ized under the provisions of a law pass
ed la 1869, which is entirely inadequate
co existing conditions.
Ressmllaar the led Ian.
In my Judgment the time has arrived
when we should definitely make up our
minds to recognise the Indian as an
ndivldùal and not as a member of a
:rlbe. The general allotment act is a
mighty pulverising engine to break up
the tribal mass. It acta directly upon
Jhe family and the individual. Undei
Is -provisions some 60,000 Indians have
already become citlsens of the United
States. The Indian should be treated
as an individual—-like the white man.
During the change of treatment inevi
table hardships will occur; every effort
should be made to minimize these hard
ships; but we should not because of
them hesitate to make the change.
There should he a continuous reduc
tlon In the number of agencies.
I bespeak the most cordial support
from the congrees and the people for
the -St. Louis exposition to commemor
ate the one hundredth anniversary of
the Louisiana purchase. This pur
chase was the greatest instance of ex
pansion in our history.
The people of Charleston, with great
energy and civic spirit, are carrying on
an expoaltlon which will continue
throughout most of the present session
of the congrees. I -heartily commend
this exposition to the good will of the
people. -It deserves all the encourage-
ment that can be given it
-The Pan-American Exposition at
Buffalo has Just closed. Both from the
industrial and the artistic standpoint
this exposition has been In a h.gh de
gree credibble and useful, not merely to
Buffalo büt- to the United States.
The advancement of the highest in
terests of national science and learning
and the custody of objects of art and
of the valuable results of scientific ex
pedltlons conducted by the United
States have been committed to the
Smithsonian -Institution.
Perhaps the most characteristic edu
cational movement of the past 50 years
Is that which has created the modern
public library and developed It into
broad and active aervlce. There are
now over 5000 public libraries in the
United States, the product of this
For the eake of good administration,
sound economy, and the advancement
of science, the census office as now con
stituted should be made a permanent
government bureau. This would insure
better, cheaper, and more satisfactory
work, in the interest not only of our
business -but of scientific, economic, and
social science.
The remarkable growth of the postal
service ie shown In the fact that Its
revenues have doubled and Its expendi
tures have nearly doubled within 12
years. It Is Just that the great agri
cultural population should share In the
improvement of the service. The full
measure of postal progress which might
be realised has long been hampered and
obstructed by the heavy burden Impos
ed on the government through the In
trenched sad well-understood abuses
which have grown up in connection
with second-class mall matter. The ex
tent of this burden appears when it Is
stated that wolle the second-class mat
ter makes nearly three-fifths of the
weight of all the mall, If paid for the
last fiscal year only 84,294,445 of the
aggregate postal revenue of 8111,631,
To Chias.
Owing to the rapid growth of our
power and interests on the Pacific,
whatever happens in China must be of
the keenest national concern to us.
China has agreed to pay adequate in
demnities to the states, societies, and
individuals for the losses sustained by
them and for the expenses of the mili
tary expeditions sent by the various
powers to protect life and restore order.
Under the provisions of the Joint note
yt December, 1900, China has agreed to
revise the treaties of commerce and
navigation and to take such other steps
for the purpose of facilitating foreign
trade as the foreign powers may decide
to be needed.
Faa-Ancrlcis Caagrfu.
■We view with lively interest and keen
hopes of benenc.al results the proceed
ings of the Pan-American congress,
convoked at the invitation of Mexico,
and now sitting at the Mexican capital.
The delegates of the United States are
under the most liberal instructions to
coopre&to with their colleagues in all
matten promising advantage to the
great family of American common
wealths. as well in their relations
among themselves as In their domestic
idvancement and in their Intercourse
with the world at large.
«> in pathetic Notea.
The death at Queen Victoria caused
the people of the United States deep
And heartfelt sorrow, to which the gov
ernment gave full expression. When
President McKinley died, our nation in
turn received from every quarter of the
British empire expressions of grief and
sympathy no less sincere. The death
of the Empress Dowager Frederick of
Germany also amused the genuine sym
pathy of the American people; and this
sympathy was cordially reciprocated
by Germany when the president was
assassinated. Indeed, from every quar
ter of the civilized world we received,
at the time of the president's death, as
surances of such grief and regard as
to touch the hearts of our people. In
the midst of our affliction we reverent
ly that the Almighty that we are at
peace with the nations of mankind;
and we firmly Intend that our policy
shall be such as to continue unbroken
these International relations of mutual
respect and good will.
White Houae, December 3, 1901.
Parole System of ho«r York Io Mi
L-ool Citiaena « at or Them.
Miss Lillie Hamilton French tells In
World's Work how the parole system
tor boys who have been convicted fot
crime In New York is putting the ma
jority of those whom it reaches upon
the straight track to m&nly life and
good citizenship.
"For boys over 10," says Miss French,
"there was absolutely nothing except
the common Jail as a place of detention,
nothing except tbc penitentiary as u
place of punishment. For the benefit
of these boys, then, the law was amend
ed, and when Mr. Willard volunteered
to take under his charge as an expert
ment boys between the ages of 10 and
22 or 23, who had been for the first time
convicted of misdemeanor, the court
turned them over to him, paroling them
instead of sending them to the house
of refuge, or Imprisoning them,- or sus
pending sentence. During the course of
the year there are sometimes as many
as 1,500 of these boys arrested, at that
susceptible age wben, as one of the
judges said to me, 'a few days in the
tombs will act as a corrective* while a
few mouths' Imprisonment will ruin
them for life. Once let a boy get into
the penitentiary and his hope for re
demption Is small. He must be saved
In the first Instance or not at all. '
" 'And the result'/' 1 asked one of the
Judges. 'The result 1' be answered.
'You remember some of these boys
How nice they were, what promising
faces they hnd. Had we no parole sys
tem we should have been obliged to
send many of them to prison. We could
not even have suspended their sen
fences. In such cases, what chances
would they have had? For a boy con
victed of stealing In a department store
could not have been taken back under
suspended sentence. The example to
the others would have been bad. But
with the parole system the condition
Is changed. He goes back to prove him
The Near Was Late.
"Now McBrane has more good
sense than anyone I know " con
tinued Mr. Staylate. "I tell you,
he's the coming man."
"II lie has all the sense you say,"
remarked Miss Peppery, making an
effort to suppress a yawn, "I should
think he would be the going man at
this hour."— Philadelphia Proas.
A Boy's Grit.
A Swedish boy fell out of a window
and was badly hurt, but with clinch
ed lips he kept back tlie cry of pain.
The king, Augustus Adolphus, who
saw him fall, prophesied that the boy
would make a man for an emergency.
And so he did, for he became the fam
ous General Bauer.
to Oo Mors Than Five *Uee
After N.w Material. i
Xte image of the lioiiey boo lo but
tie understood by the masses many
supposing that bees go for mil*» in
quest of nectar, while others think that
they go only a short d i s t a nce It may
be curions to many to understand how
any one can tell how far the h eu may
fly, but this is simple when understood
Years ago, when the Italian bees wens
first Introduced in the United States,
these bees, having marks different from
those of common bees, were ea sil y dlw
Hng^iriiaA, and after any bee keeper
bad obtained the Italian bees they cool#
be observed and their range easily no
ticed. If bloom Is plentiful near where
bees are located they will not go very
far, perhaps a mile in range, bat if
bloom Is scarce they may go Sve miles
Usually about three miles' is as far as
they may go profitably.
Bees have been known to go an far as
eight miles In a straight line, croaring
a body of water that distance to land.
It la wonderful how the little honey be*
can go so far from its home and ever
find Us way back to Its own particular
hive. It while the little bee Is out of
Its home, or hive, the hive should be
removed some ten or twenty feet *®
cordlng to the surroundings, when It
came back to where Its home was first
seated It would be hopelessly lost If
Its home was In an open space, with no
ether objects close. It might find Its Way
home, but even should the hive be
moved only a few feet many of the
bees would get loot
Bo, to move a hive, If done In winter
time, It would be all right but If In the
summer time. It should be done after
dark, or when the bees an not flying;
and even then the bees should be stir
red np tome and smoke blown In at the
hive «trance and n board or some ob
ject placed in front of the hive so that
the beet In coming out may mark their
new location. Bees, no doubt an guid
ed by sight and also by sense of smelt
They an attracted by the color at
bloom, as, if they an at work on n cer
tain kind of bloom, they an not likely
to leave that particular kind of blown
for any other as long aa they can find
that kind. Again, bees an often at
tracted to sweets by their sense at
smelt for they will go after sweets,
even If in the dark. If does. However,
any kind at sweets may be placed In
glass In plain sight but If covered, en
na not to emit any smell .the bees will
take no notice of them.—Battlmon
Ttae Cradle of Cyclones.
Imagine yourself on n trim ocean
steamer, gently throbbing along over a
summer sea of Indigo blue, ruffled hen
and then by little white wavelets. You
it» screened by taut-spnad awnings
from a tropical sun In a clear sky, and
cooled by a constant breeze, which
blows so gently that you feel aa If It
might continue unchanged forever. To
ward the South a long stretch of hort
son Is hidden by a big Island, rising in
tropical green, verdure-covered terraces
at piled-up, hazy mountain peaks Mon
fascinating than the island Itself an
the clouds piled above It, masses upon
masses of them, rolling and tumbling
and contending among themselves.
Great, dazzling white pllbe swell high
er and higher above the peaks, growing
first lrridescent with beautiful opal
tinta, then an omnlous copper coloç
and finally seeming to borst asunder
and send up fine white streams far Into
the blue of heaven, like volcanic vapor.
Along the mountain aides white fleeces
drift like wisps of wool blown against
a wayside hedge, while through the val
leys dark gray streamers trail like
damp and newly combed hair.
Might comes on, and lurid lightning
nahes through these douda, throwing
the moon-lit sea Into pale significance,
while from many other places on the
horizon arise fitful flares and flashes
out of small mounds of clouds g<-g
over other unseen Islsnda. These
lightnings all seem voiceless, and still
your ship speeds on through stormlces
The Mg Island la Cuba, and not flu
away are the Bahamas. You art ta
what may be called the cradle of cy
clones. Owe nature to willig Into ex
istence those dreadful ■*—— which
nnh away northward over sen and toad
upon their ruthless and terrible course
of destruction.— LL J. M. Elllcott, U. B.
N, In 8t Nicholas.
The number of Mohammedans baa
seen estimated at 196400,000. Of thorn
IS,000,000 an ander the rule at tba
Turkish Government, 28,000,000 an
ruled by other Musselman sovereigns.
88,500^)00 an subject to ash— B
Princes, 80400,000 live in China, and
89,000400 an under other rulers Off
then last about 68400400 belong to
i«ste and Itoloorhloton
The Osar's Smite.
The Ohar at Boaato's suit* MMtotn
at ITS parsons, of whom 78 are general
and 18 extra atflaa da ramp To the
mte belong 16 members off the Im
perial family. IT Princes off net Im
perial birth, IT counts, nine barons and
111 otoar nobleman.
«ly have a,
Liquid air has been used to propel
an automobile and for refrigeration
and blasting. Other applications have
also been contemplated. Thus far, how
ever, none of these have yet been de
veloped to a stage that Insures a com
merclal demand for the product, and
the problem of storing It without evap
oration Is not yet fully solved.
Wben soda ash was obtained from
seaweed a Parisian soap boiler dlacov
ered In it the element oModln. In the
hands of Nlepee and Daguerre tbli
lodin was found to render a silver ant
face sensitive to light The developed
and fixed Impression on the plate gava
the daguerreotype. The French Gov
ernment purchased the secret and
made It free to the world.
One of the chief governing Instincts
among wild birds Is the sense of fear.
This feeling of fear Is not apparent in
birds until ten or twelve days after
birth. All perching birds acquire the
instinct of fear at from eight or ten
days after birth, and this instinct be
comes the controlling factor In the sub
sequent experiences of the bird, being
either lessened or Increased by circum
In Venezuela, the castor-otl plant
growing around bouse# to believed to
keep mosquitoes away. In that country
the plant grows to the size of a tree
and Is perennial, whereas In more tem
perate climates It attains a height of
only four or five feet. But United
States Consul Plumachor at Maracaibo
thinks the plant would be equally effec
tive against mosquitoes anywhere. By
keeping the branches and saeda of the
plant in a room, he says, the peat« «
driven away.
At McGill University, Montreal, ex
periments hare recently been made by
Prof. F. D. Adams which show that
at temperatures of 300 degrees to 400
degrees centigrade, and ander a pres
sure of a hundred tons to the square
inch, marble "flows'' readily, so that a
solid block can be censed to assuma
an entirely new shape without being
cracked or broken. The Inference to
that In the depths of the earth mar
ble, hemmed In by surrounding rock,
flows as In the experiments.
The King of Slam, says our eonsul at
Bangkok, rides an American bicycle,
and "It Is no uncommon thing to sea
the ministers of the government com
ing and going to their duties, and even
to public functions, on their wheels."
Many of the princes of the country be
long to a bicycle club, and a few
months ago there was a grand bicycle
pageant in the presence of the King
and Queen, In which nearly every
prince of Slam participated. 'The
American wheels are far In the lead
of all others In the sales.
The deepest hole In France to a well
In the coal mines of Ronchamp, Upper
Seine, which was completed In Decom
ber, 1900. Its depth is 8,009 feet, and
Its utilisable diameter Is thirteen feet
The shaft Is walled from top to bottom
and lined with copper, where It trav
erses water-bearing strata. To com
plete It sixty months was required. At
thirty feet below the surface the tem
perature of the rock la 50 degrees F„.
at the bottom the temperature to 11T
degrees F., although the highest tem
perature of the air In the shaft (with
out artificial ventilation) to 88 degrees.
Working on His Pride.
A peddler who was hi the baMt of
visiting the varions offices In a large
down-town building at regular Inter
vals with a patent shoe-polish was
making his rounds one day as usual,
when an occupant of one of the room«
said to him:
"Say, you've been coming hen tor
about six years. Twice a year I bey a
box of your polish, and never any of
fener. Six weeks* ago you sold me one,
and It will last me nearly five months
yet; and still yon drop In regularly
every week to ask me if I don't want
another box. You know I don't What
do you do It for?"
"I thought maybe you'd git sort &
'shamed of usin' so little shoe-polish
after a while, and'd buy a box now an'
then as a matter o' pride," answered
the peddler, taking the precaution to
- edge toward the door aa he spoke.
I But he sold that man another box off
polish there and then.—Youth's Qo n
Binging Soldiers.
A London paper notes that during
the recent Austrian maneuvers the
General In command tried the original
experiment of using the ^
songs as the means of ascertaining the
whereabouts of the different eom pgg
les of the corps d'armee.
I He commanded each batallen of a dt
vision to learn a certain song of war
and sing it when attacked. In this
way he was enabled to discover, wben
tome distance off, which battalion was
being stacked by the enemy.
The songa emulated ol old fotk-aomg
familiar to the men. To inch battalia*
was attached a few musicians —q
drummers, who aastoted the ■!—»—

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