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1 MW JE IBS Orefoa Railway & Navigation Experiments Demonstrate It Is possible. There at least a million acres of land along the line of the Oregon Railroad & Navigation Company in Eastern Oregon, which at present are used for range land, and for which the bunch grass has almost entirely disappeared, making the lands almost valueless. The man agement of the Oregon Railroad & Navigation Company has for the last five years been experimenting with different grasses and fodder plants, with a view to finding some thing that would grow and thrive without irrigatioh and would make good grazing land of the tract men tioned, the rainfall being too light to guarantee a crop of grain. Among the different grasses tried brome grass has been found to thrive and do well where there is a clay subsoil. Where there is 'a gravelly subsoil the moment hot weather comes it dies. Among the fodder plants tried the dry land alfalfa proved a great success in some arid districts, where there is but eight inches of rainfall during the year. It was found that the alfalfa would produce four tons of hay to the acre without irrigation and leave a Fall and Winter pasture standing two to three feet high, on which stock can run and feed during the winter months. This result was obtained from teu different plots at widly sep arated points between Arlington and Baker City. So wéll pleased was Mr. R. B. Miller, general freight agent of the Oregon Railroad & Navigation Company, under whose supervi sion these experiments were made, that he requested R. C. Judson, Industrial agent of the company, to attend the state woolgrowers' meet ing at Pendleton in March last and promise to any of the members of the association, who would agree to put in the seed properly and keep stock off it the first year, seed enough to try a plot on their own farms in order they might be able to determine whether tf\is species of alfalfa was adapted to their lo cality. The result was that 87 packages of the seed were placed, covering different sections in both Washing ton and Oregon. The seed was sown early in May; all who used it ■■ promising to notify Mr. Judson from time to time of the progress it made. Already 23 letters have been received by him, all stating that the plants come up nicely and are thrifty. It is the intention of Mr. Miiler to follow this matter up * closely and if the returns justify he will secure a large quantity of seed for distribution the coming fall. Mr. Judson says the alfalfa has come to stay. He has just been looking over a number of fields sown with it during the last two years and reporti it AI in every re spect. One rancher eight miles from The Dalles on the Washing ton side has a field of 20 acres on a steep hill slope from which he se cured as his first cutting 35 tons of hay and he will then let it grow and pasture a lot of hogs an it next winter. No Excuse for Poor Streets. Poor, unsightly streets are a blight that will kill or retard the growth of any town, and the place that permits them to remain in that condition is trying to commit muni cipal suicide. There is no reason of the year when a valid excuse ■can be offered for permitting the streets of a town to present an un tidy appearance. A number of eastern towns recently adopted a good plan to keep their streets free of rubbish. Tin boxes about the size of ash can were placed on the streets corners for the reception of waste paper and other rubbish, and the result is that the towns using these boxes have cleaner streets i , I' an ever before. It has also led to other plans for beautifying and improving the communities. The Clearwater passenger took a Sbet l*nd pony to J. M. Pierce yesterday •Aernoon. Wheat's Strong Position. Wheat went up with a rush in the Eastern markets yesterday, both the July and September options touching the highest point of the season, and the net gain for the day on July cents per bus hel. Some of this rapid advance was perhaps due to the high specu lative fever, which at present is not being cooled in stock speculations, but the most of it is due to per fectly natural conditions. Every thing in the statistical line yester day was of a bullish character. The world's shipments were over 1,500, 000 bushels smaller than on the week previous. (Quantities on pas sage increased 2,000,000 bushels, and the American visible showed a decrease of nearly 2,000,000 bushels and is now down to about 18,500, 000 bushels, compared with 17, 225,000 bushels in 1898, when the Leiter boom was on. These are conditions outside of the present crop prospects, and the latter are anything but satisfactory, not only to the United States, but in most ot the wheat countries of the Old World. The Argentine is still shipping large quantities of the surplus of one of the largest crops on record, and, aside from the United States, has been the greatest factor in keeping world's shipments up to unusually heavy figures for this season of the year. There was a heavy decline yesterday in Rus sian, Danubian and Indian ship ments, and those of the United States and Canada were also much smaller than for the week previous. Stocks are small in nearly all of the world's markets, a fact indicated not only by the figures themselves, but by the premium that is paid for spot wheat over the distant deliv eries. This strong situation for spot wheat seems to warrant the belief that a revision is due on some of the theoretical estimates as to the stocks, expected distribution and consumption of wheat. Perhaps consumption has made more rapid gains on production than we have been crediting. A theoretical estimate of the amount of wheat that would be consumed by 80,000,000 Americans in a year when distress stalked through the land and hundreds of thousands of idle men were fed at the souphouses would not accurate ly fit the case in these days of high wages and plenty of work. It is also probable that wheatgrowers in other parts of the United States be sides Oregon have discovered that there is more money in feeding wheat to stock thad in selling it at the average prices that have pre vailed for the past three years. When the Government estimate of wheat reserves in farmers' hands appeared in March it was pointed out that the figures were so moder ate that a general scraping of bins might be necessary before the new crop was available. They have not yet begun scraping the bins, but the new crop is farther away proportionately to the season than it was in March, and July wheat has advanced from 69 cents in March to 78j£ cents yesterday. There may be some slight reces sions from the high point, as the advance has been very rapid, but anything like a bad-weather scare throughout the Middle West would send wheat nearer to the dollar mark than it has been since Leiter took a turn at the market. The present advance and the excellent prospect for its continuance will be very gratifying to the wheatgrowers of the Pacific Northwest, for their crops in many localities have been cut down by unfavorable weather to such an extent that materially higher prices are needed to equalize the damage. - Oregonian. Governor Morrison has been ad vised by the secretary of war that there is now available for militia purposes for the state of Idaho $12,255 85. Idaho's total appro priation under the terms of the new militia law will amount to $35,000. The rapidity and thoroughness that characterized the reorganization of the militia in the state made it possible for Idaho to get a large sum of money with out delay. M1HU1WDIH Coinage for the World's Fair Is of Gold and not Sliver, as Someone Has Said. A report, quoting numismatic authority, that the Louisiana Pur chase dollars are of silver, has gained considerable circulation. It emanated, rather strange to say, from Washington. It is coupled with the criticism that the price ot three dollars in currency for a souvener dollar in silver is ex cessive, and the prediction is made bv the numismatist quoted that the silver dollars, although of dis tinctive coinage; cannot command this premium. The Louisiana Pur chase Centennial dollarsareof gold. No gold dollars had been coined in this country since 1890, until Con gress outhorized tne Louisiana Purchase Centennial dollars. The coinage of gold dollars began in 1849. Between that date and 1890 there were coined 19,499,337 gold dollars. In 1890 Congress repealed the Act authorizing dollar coinage from gold, so that it was necessary to have a specific Act of Congress for this Louisiana Purchase Cen tennial issue. It is the testimony of the leading numismatists of the country that the standard price for any one of the ordinary gold dollars, in good condition, issued before 1890, Is $2.00, as a minimum. There are gold dollars of years when the coinage was small which command much higher premiums. Some of those gold dollars sell from $25.00 to $50.00 each. The issue of Exposition gold dol lars is limited by Act of Congress to 250,000, one-half of which bear the head of Thomas Jefferson and the other half of William McKinley. The first of these dollars were re ceived from the mint just before the holidays last winter. The ex perince of the Exposition manage ment in the disposition of them has afforded interesting informa tion in regard to coin collection. There was considerable local curiosity and demand for these coins when they were received, and some thousands of them were taken immediately. Since the sup ply of the first demand there has been a steady call for the coins, nearly every mail bringing appli cations for them. The call is not confined to this country. It shows no decrease. Most of the collectors wish the coins in pairs, so that practically 125,000 purchasers will exhaust the supply. The heads of McKinley and Jefferson, from which the McKinley and Jefferson gold dollars were made, were taken from two of the best medals in the possession of the Director of the Mint. The Jefferson medal used, according to the medallic history of the United States, was engraved by John Reich, who was, for a time, connected with the mint at Philadelphia. He died in 1833. The McKinley medal, which is con sidered by the late President's friends to be the best portraiture of Mr. McKinley,' was engraved by the present engraver of the mirit, Charles E. Barber, who had sit tings for the purpose given him by the late President. Experimental farm at Hie University When Judge Richards was at Moscow he was very much in terested in the work on the ex perimental farm and was particu larly struck by the practical effect of the demonstrations made there. It was transforming farming con ditions in that county, he said. As an illustration he called attention to the fact that it was formerly re garded as impracticable to grow anything but wheat. The land was supposed to be useless for such a crop as clover. When clover was planted it made a start and then turned yellow. Professor French, however, has solved the problem. He sprays the clover with a solution carrying nitrogen bacilli and the crop flourishes. Fields of clover so treated produce heavy crops. J. M. Nelson, who has been sick for some dar* has been removed from bin home in Tomany to the St. Joaeph hos pital, where he will receive treatment. Land Boom in the North. Norman Jackson, chief clerk ut state land board, who has just re turned from a visit to the northern counties on the department busi ness, says north Idaho is unusually prosperous this year. Crops and fruits are in splendid condition, homeseekers are crowding in and land is in great demand. Mr. Jackson will recommend to the board that no land sales be held in the northern counties this year. The state is limited to the sale of 25 sections each year, and the northern Idaho lands are returning so profitable a revenue from rentals that it would not be good business policy to dispose of them. Non producing arid lands might better be let go, he thinks. A rental price of $2 an acre is not unusual in the north, said Mr. Jackson, and while this revenue can be obtained it might be well to retain the land. n Idaho county, Mr. Jackson asserts, state land will sell now for from $18 to $20 an acre, but should a railroad be built into that section prices would almost double. Be tween Grangeville and Lewiston are large tracts of beautiful land which are becoming more valuable every day. People in that section, M Jack-r. son says, are clamoring for sales, as in the past state lands could always be bought at a lower figure than individual or corporate hold ings. In connection with state timber land, Mr. Jackson stated, the resid ents in the vicinity of the lands sold by the last administration com plain that the standing timber was appraised far below its value. In many instances, he was informed, the state had been paid only one third of the actual value of the timber. The prices were fair, but the appraisements ridiculously low. Mr. Jackson found one farmer who had been cultivating a quarter section of state land for 12 years without paying any rental. In other instances, it is said, farmers have obtained summer fallow leases for land which they placed under crop. State timber land in the north can be and is now being leased for grazing purposes. When Lhe tim ber is removed the land cannot be surpassed for agricultural purposes If for no other reason, Mr. Jackson thinks, it should not be thrown on the market at present.-Boise States man. Navigate Upper Snake. The Snake river is not usually considered a navigable stream though it flows for many miles through a channel of good width The rapids in the canyons prevent the river from being a great thoroughfare for steamboats. A section of the upper part of the river, however, is soon to be utilized in a commercial way. A steam boat and barge are now being built in Portland, that as soon as com pleted, will be shipped to Glenns Ferry. The boats will be put to gether there, and launched, and will ply between Glenns Ferry and a point down the river six miles from Bruneau. The distance is 25 miles, and the river all the way is an ideal stream for boating, being of good depth, with no rocks or snags. Bruneau is not much of a town, but it is supported by one of the richest valleys in the state. The shipments from the valley annually amount to thousands of dollars. The nearest railroad point is Moun tainhome, 20 miles away, over a road that is none too good. All the supplies used in the vaiiey have to be hauled over from Mountainhome. The syndicate which is having the craft built is supplied with ample means and believes that profitable business will be built up between Glenns Ferry and Bruneau Junction. The steamboat will be fitted up in nice style for the comfort of pas sengers and it is thought will secure a profitable business in that line, while the barge will be used for freight and stock. Collins Coll and wife left yesteiday afternoon for Grangeville, where Mr. Coll has extensive mining interests to look after. Proposed Interurban Line of Elec tric Railway- Two Routes Sug gested ILO, Idaho, June 22—Business men and principal farmers in this vicinity have been in correspond ence recently with the hoard of trade ot Grangeville in regard to the proposed interurban line of electric railroad, which the Grange ville body expressed an intention of building. Recently statistics of the amount of grain, livestock and umber which would he shipped by such a line if constructed have? been gathered. The plan of the Grangeville board of trade is to develop an electric power on the South Fork of the Clearwater above Stites, which would be transmitted to Grange ville over a heavy wire. The road it present proposed will leave Grangeville, and crossing Lawyer canyon would pass through Nez Perce, and then turn to the south and west, passing through llo and Culdesac and on to Lewiston. This line would be about 80 miles in length. Men who have been over the proposed line believe, however, that the electric road when built will pass directly from Grangeville to Lewiston, with a spur from llo to Nez Perce. It is claimed that by the latter route much easier grades would be encountered, and the road be more cheaply operated. Ilo men who have been in Grangeville recently say the secre tary of the board of trade there js in receipt of many letters from capitalists in the east, whose atten tion has been called to the oppor tunity for the development of this electric power, and its use In the running of electric lines. I he say there is little doubt but that a com pany will soon be organized which will begin the improvement of the power on the South Fork of the Clearwater. Orofino-Pierce City Road. OROFINO, Idaho, June 23.—A crew of 10 men is now at work on the Orofino-Pierce City wagon road. At present the force of workmen is engaged in corduroy ing what is called the meadows, a swampy stretch about 300 yards across. The county commisssion ers of Shoshone county, at their past meèting, made an appropria tion of $300 to be expended on this road. When the present bridging has been completed the road will be passable for heavy teams, although it is estimated that an additional $500 will be needed to widen the grade in places and put the road in first class condition. This road is believed to be of great importance to the people of both Orofino and Pirce City. The distance between these points by this road is only about 28 miles while the steepest grade is only 10 per cent, the greater pertion of tne ascent being made en a grade of 1 per cent. The road at present used is about 35 miles long and for several miles the grade is fully 25 per cent. The Orofino people believe the construction of this road will make this town the outfitting point for the Pierce City country. Here tofore all business with the Pierce City region was done through Greer. During the past two months the prevalence of smallpox at Greer has driven all travel to Pierce City by way of Orofino, ah old road being used, 40 miles or more in length, and Orofino busi ness men believe that travel having beceme accustomed to Orofino as the Pierce City railroad point will continue to use it. out at cal as an as ot How to Clean Meersbaum Pipes One who has a beloved meer schäum pipe may be glad to learn just how to cleanse it in a very simple way without injuring the beautiful coloring, which can only be produced by faithful attention to my Lady Nicotine. Place the pipe in a shallow pan and cover it with cold, sweet milk. Let the milk come slowly to the boiling point over a coal fire and then let it boil gently for a few moment. This is, said to be the only method cleansing a meerschaum pipe which will not at the same time injure the I coloring. Unopposed Nominations. It is pretty geuerally assumed j that President Roosevelt will be nominated by acclamation or with out an opposing vote on first ballot at the meeting of the next National Republican Convention, and it is interesting to recall how rarely that distinction has been conferred upon the candidates of any of our politi cal parties. The convention system, which begau to take shape in the early *' 30s, left the field open for spirited preliminary struggles, but one of the exceptions to the rule that has since become commoti occurred in 831, when Henry C ay wa chosen as the standard-bearer ol the Na-1 tional Republicans by a unanimous vote. A little later, in 1832, Jack son was nominated by resolution | t the National Democratic con-1 ention, after he had secured a number of state nominations under an older system. Van Buren re ceived every vole at the Démocrate convention ol 1835, and a nomina tion by resolution in 1840, and Clay was nominated by acclamation by the Whig convention ol 1844. The power and popularity of Jackson, which sustained Van Buren as well as himself, and the popularity of Clay explain these exceptions, and there are no others to record, at ; least among the great parties, until after the Civil War. Kven Lincoln did uot get such an absolute approval iu 1864,when the Missouri delegates to the Re publicau convention were forced by instructions to give a formal vote for Grant. And although General Fremout was nomiaated by accla mation that same year by a mass convention of dissatisfied Republi cans he subsequently withdrew from the contest. General Grant broke the record iu his two unop posed nominations in 1868 and 1872 and Cleveland was unopposed in 1888 and McKinley and Bryan in 1900. But most of the conventions ot this period have been distinguish ed by lively struggles between numerous * favorite sons." Wheat Crop of 1903. A conservative estimate is that the wheat crop of 1903 will reach a total of 74O.OOO.OOO bushels as com pared with 670,000,000 in 1900. This is a very happy condition and will please the country. With such a heavy wheat yield as 740, 000,000 bushels the country would be assured of cheap bread, but, of course, a great deal will depend on the corn crop. This is two or three months too early to figure on the corn yield with any confidence. The latest indications in the corn growing region, however, were favorable despite the cold weather and the ravages of the floods. I POPULAR NORTH BRACH. Excursion steamer T. J. Potter gc into service June 27. Those who are planning their vacation this year will be interested in knowing that the popular excursion steamer, the T. J. Potter—queen of river boats—goes into service June 27, and that she will leave Portland, during the season, every day from Tuesday until Saturday inclu sive. To see the beauties of the pictures que and mighty Columbia from the decks of the Potter is a treat never to be for gotten. For speed and grace nothing in river or lake service in the entire weBt equals this side-wheeled beauty. Five hours from Portland and one from Astoria, through the famous fishing waters of the Columbia, past scores of salmon traps and nets and as many white winged fish boats, lands the passengers at Ilwaco, where close connection is made for beach points with trains of the Ilwaco Railway & Navigation Company, whose cars stand on the wharf awaiting the steamer. The beach is twenty-seven miles long, two hundred yards wide at low tide, and so hard that carriage wheels scarcely leave a mark. It is an ideal place for driving, riding, wheeling walking, and the surf bathing is unsur passable. The excellent hotels and boarding houses provide good accom modations at prices ranging from one dollar to three dollars per day/ The round trip rate from Portland to Astoria is $2.50; to Ocean Beach pointa $4 00, good until October 15th. On Saturdays, during July and August, roni trip tickets are sold to beach points $2.50, good for return leaving the bea the following Sunday evening. The Oregon Railroad 8 t Navigation Company has just issued a new sums book (free for the asking), which tells all about the delightful resorts of *he Valley of the Columbia River. This can be obtained from any agent of the Oregon Railroad & Navigtton Company or by writing A. L. Craig, General Passenger Agent, Portland, Oregon. Ernest McCullough Civil Engineer Lewiston * « Ida The Teller prints tbe«aews.