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The Daily Star-Mirror
VOLUME VIII NUMBER 2 MOSCOW, LATAH COUNTY, IDAHO, MONDAY, SEPTEMBER 30, 1918. BULGARIA SURRENDERS—TURKEY TO QUIT Bulgaria has surrendered. The peace convention has been signed and the first of the kaiser s allies has givln up. Fighting against Bulgaria ceased .at noon today. Turkey, completely whipped, is expected to ask for peace terms before tomorrow morning. Austria has called a peace conference and Kaiser Bill is about to be left alono with the entire world against him. This is the cheering news that comes from Europe today, but is is not The famous Hindenburg line which all. . to safeguard Germany from invasion, is being smashed by the allies on the west and is crumbling before the terrible onslaughts of the victorious American, French, British, Belgian and Italian troops. was Serbia, crushed, defeated, almost annihilated, has arisen as the Phoenix <4 is giving gallant aid on the southeastern front. Belgium, the first na tion to fall a victim to the Hun, has rallied, the Belgian soldiers are taking prisoners and retaking their territory from the invader and the Germans •re being driven back to Germany where the great war will end, it is be lieved, within a few months. Following victory after victory, the news today shows the "beginning of the end" and shows that the end is not nearly as far away as we feared it would be a few months ago. With Turkey and Bulgaria out of the fighting and Austria calling a peace conference, the fate of Germany is sealed and only time, and it is believed hot R few months of that, stand .between the kaiser and defeat and death. Chancellor Von Hertling and Foreign Secretary Von Hintz, of Germany, evidently realizing the ship is sinking, have tendered their resignations which have been accepted. f Following is the news received by telegraph and cable today: Bulgarian Armistice Signed. PARIS.—An armistice has been concluded between the allies and Bulgaria on the allies' terms. This announcement has been made officially. Bulgarian King Denies He is Licked. AMSTERDAM.—King Ferdinand, of Bulgaria, has telegraphed Emperor Charles, of Austria, assuring him of his loyalty to the quadruple alliante (Germany, Austria, Turkey and Bulgaria), according to the Neue Freie Presse, in dispatches reaching here. -» . Bulgaria Has Surrendered. LONDON.—Speaking at Guild Hall today Andrew Bonar Law, chancellor of the exchequer said the Bulgarian convention has been signed, by which hostilities ceased at noon today. Bulgaria, by the terms fixed, gives up completely, control of the railroads, he said. Alluding to Palestine campaign Mr. Bonar Law said: "The magnificent success of our armies in Palestine has resulted in the extinction of the greater part of the Turkish army, but something more is going to follow." Turkey Expected to Ask for Peace. LONDON.—A ' strong belief exists here this afternoon that a peace offer from Turkey is imminent. Austria Wants Peace Conference. AMSTERDAM.—A proposition that the president and vice-president of the parliament of all belligerents and neutral states be invited to meet for an unbinding discussion of the basis of peace has been introduced ift the lower house of the Austrian parliament. Allies Occupy Messines-Witchaete Ridge. HAVRE.—The Messines-Witchaete ridge has been occupied by the allied forces. The Germans have been defeated to efforts to defend the approaches to the river Lys, the Belgian war office announces. British and Belgian forces on Saturday and Sunday took over 9,000 prisoners and over 200 guns, some of very heavy calibre, and considerable quantities of other war materials. Bulgarian Army is Cut Off. LONDON.—Charevo, east of Veles, six miles from the Bulgarian border, has been captured by the Serbians. The retreat of the Bulgarians has been cut off, a Serbian official statement of Sunday says. Over 700 prisoners and 20 guns were captured at Charevo. Haig Smashes Hindenburg Line Aagain. LONDON, 1:45 p. m.—Haig's forces today smashed the Hindenburg line on a front of eight miles to a depth of two miles just north of St.' Quentin. The Belgians in Flanders advanced an average depth of five miles and a maximum depth of eight miles. Roulers is in peril and the whole enemy -communications in Belgium, and Flanders, particularly the Belgian coast is threatened. British Cut Deep Iijto Hindenburg Line. 5 p. m.—The British have cut the Hindenburg line on a front •of eight miles to a depth of three miles in flanking operations about St. Quentin. German communications in this region are under such an intense fire that ■it is impossible for them to get any quantity of men or materials in or out. ^^ÖbNDON, German Chancellor Quite. AMSTERDAM.—Chancellor Von Hertling and Foreign Secretary Von Hintze have tendered their resignations to Emperor Charles, the Vossische Zeitung, of Berlin, says it understands. Kaiser Accepts Resignations. AMSTERDAM.—Emperor William has accepted the resignations of Chan cellor Von Hertling and Secretary Von Hintze, according to the Zeitung Am Mittage, of Berlin. No official announcement has been received here. French Troops Renew Attack. PARIS.—The French troops in Champagne resumed their attack at day break today, the war office announces. Violent German counter attacks last night south of St. Quentin in the Urvillers region in an attempt to recapture Hill 88, failed. British Enter Outskirts of Cambrai. LONDON.—British, American and Australian forces advanced last night between Bellicourt and Gonnelieu in the face of the severest opposition, General Haig announced today. Four thousand prisoners and 40 guns were taken by the allies yesterday north of St. Quentin. The British entered the northern suburbs of Cambrai. On the front north west of Le Catelet the Germans counter attacks pressed the British back to the outskirts of Villers-Guislain. tired to the village of Bony. *Southwest of Douai the Britigh Withdrew to Arleaux and Aubencheneulaubac. Southwest of Le Catelet the British re Today's Casualty List. Today's casualty list contains the name of Private Fred C. Hopkins, wound ed severely, nearest relative, Mrs. Lucy Hopkins, Buhl, Idaho.. The following casualties are reported by the Commanding General of the -American Expeditionary Forces; Killed in action, 37; missing in action, 20; wounded in action, severely, 289; died of wounds received in action, 21; died of accident an5 other causes, 5; died of disease, 15; prisoners, 1; total, 388. Marine Corps Casualties. The following casualties are reported by The Commanding General of The Expeditionary Forces: Killed in action, 5; died of wounds received in action, 4; wounded in action, severely, 19; wounded in action, slightly, 1; wounded in action, degree un determined, 1; in hands of enemy* 3; total, 33. BOYS' AND GIRLS' CLÜBS RUR 8BBB PROGRAM ARRANGED FOR FAIR TO BE HELD OCTOBER 4 AND 5 IN MOSCOW , The Boys' and Girls' club fair will ,be held in the Thompson building ad joining the creamery on Third street, opposite the post office on Friday and [Saturday, October 4 and 5. The pre mium list has been prepared by County Club Leader Wilson, who will have charge of the fair. The premi um list follows: Premium List. Potato Clubs.—10 potatoes, netted gem, first prize, $1.00; second, ribbon; third, ribbon. 10 potatoes, any other variety, first prize, ribbon; second, ribbon; third, ribbon. Yard Garden.—Display for speci mens of each variety grown, not more than four varieties. First prize, $1.00; second, ribbon, third, ribbon. Best report and story, $1.00. Garden, 1-10 Acre.—Display, four specimens of each of three or more varieties. First prize, $1.00; second, ribbon; third, ribbon. Best report and story, $1.00. Bean Clubs.—Ten pounds, any va riety. First prize, $1.00; second, rib bon; third, ribbon. Best report and story, $1.00, Canning Clubs.—County Champion ship Demonstration Team, (a) Rural school division, silver trophy cup; (b) >city school division (Moscow, Pot latch Genesee), silver trophy cup. f 'Standard exhibit, three jars fruit and three of vegetables. First prize, $1.00; second, ribbon; third, ribbon. Three jars fruit (3 varieties.) First, $.50; second, ribbon. Three jars vegetables (3 varieties) First prize, $.50; second, ribbon. Display dried fruit or vegetables, 1 pint each of two or more verieties. First prize, $.50; second, ribbon. Poultry Club.—Best poultry club report and story, $1.00. Pig Club.—Best pig club report and story, $1.00. Babbit Club.—Doe and young. First prize, $.60; second, ribbon; third, ribbon. Trio of young, male and two fe males. First prize, $.50; second, rib bon; third, ribbon. Best rabbit club report and story, $ 1 . 00 . All cash premiums will be paid in thrift stamps. Standard exhibit ribbons will be awarded to every club member who makes a creditable standard exhibit as defined on page 17 of the club organization bulletin letin No. 17) which is in the hands of all local leaders. To secure a stand ard exhibit ribbon exhibits must score at least 70 per cent. Each first prize will count 5 points, /each second pHze 3 points, each third rize 1 point, and each standard ex ibit ribbon 1 point for the club to which the winner belongs, points will count toward the winning championship (Extension Bul These of the community c trophy cup for the year. Ml COMMERCE CHAMBER FEEDS MANY STUDENTS The chamber of commerce today undertook to feed the "overflow" of stu dents who came to Moscow to enroll in the University of Idaho, and fed 110 at noon. The hotels and restaurants have been unable' to handle the rush and the chamber prepared to feed 50, but instead of that number had 110 who could not be cared for at the hotels, cafeteria and restaurants. The students were charged 35 cents a meal and a good dinner was served. _ Keep It Nourished ffv. res r 1 • * im' « y I Qa*; r C n II y An « #3 11 w W - • A Jv * W. -M m a A m 1 \v. I <A te* M Tjm W im \ A Kmr j' mwi u m !>• I 'ill. ; J : '/J I. dlOj a ;■ J ll I . 1', to I, I III l / RAIN CIGARETTES BB AMERICAN BOVS KNIGHTS OF COLUMBUS ADOPT NOVEL METHOD OF DELIV ERY TO FIGHTERS Showers of cigarettes fell from the skies on the American fighters driving the Germans out of the St. Mihiel salient. This fact was announced in a cablegram received yesterday by William J. Mulli gan/ chairman of the Knights of Colum bus committee on war activities, at the united war work campaign headquarters. From American airplanes 20,000 pack ages of cigarettes were dropped into the hands of infantrymen and artillerymen pressing forward in their victorious squeeze which dislodged the enemy from the stronghold they had held for more than three years. Each package was stamped "Compliments of the Knights of Columbus." At the same time, cable dispatches an nounce Y. M. C. A. workers on foot moved among the soldiers, handing out chocolates and cigarettes. On land and in the air these fearless workers kept pace with the American fighters moving forward in the first offensive exclusively executed by our troops. The airplane service for distributing cigarettes to the soldiers, while the bat tle was in progress, was utilized as the ordinary foot and motor methods of reaching the men in the front lines were unavailable. It was established by Mar tin V. Merle of San Francisco, a K. of C. secretary, with the cooperation of an American airplane unit. After the fight soldiers related how pleasantly surprised they had been when cigarettes dropped from on high. They declared no service in their behalf ever had pleased them as much as this ultra modern delivery of "smokes." A. workers friends at St. Mihiel. One Red Triangle man, with a huge pack on his back mov ed forward with a certain unit after ob taining the permission of the commander. At the first pause, in the shelter of slight rise of ground, he distributed cake of chocolate and a pack of cigar ettes to each soldier until the supply was He replenished this supply and distributed more, making two extra .trips before the main organization was able to bring up supplies in larger quan tities. Salvation army workers also were busy with their doughnuts and coffee • throughout the_St. Mihiel drive. exhausted. THE AMERICAN HOG HELPS WIN THEM HUMBLE PORKER DOING HIS BIT TO DEFEAT THE KAISER'S AMBITIONS CHICAGO.—If an army really "travels on its stomach" the Ameri can hog has done its bit in wiping out the St. Mihiel salient, for sta tistics completed today show that the Yanks in France have broken the world's record as bacon eaters. From President Edward Morris, Jr., of Morris & Company, packers, it was learned today that statisticians of the company, after checking past meat records with late government figures, have discovered that the ex ports of bacon in the first seven months of this year are almost equal to the total bacon exports for five years preceding the war. The figures 736,959,092 pounds as compared with 912,370,461 pounds. Practically all of the 1918 ship ments, of course, have gone only to the allied countries. It has also be known that the doughboys are are came BULGARIAN PEACE DELEGATES • eating twice as much bacon, propor tionately to beef, as they formerly did. Even so, the beef shipments have increased amazingly on account of the war, exports of fresh beef for the single month of July, 1918 (the latest month for which figures are available) having exceeded fresh beef exports for the entire year 1914 by five times. The figures are: July, 1918, 32,056,016 pounds; year 1914, '6,394,404 pounds. On all meat sent to allied countries the price has been set by government al agencies, and the food administra tion has limited the profits to two and one-half cents per dollar of sales. This figure, however, is not guaran teed to the packers. In fact, the in dications today are that the profits for the year 1918 will be jpelow that mark. HOW OUR SOLDIERS ARE BEING CARED FOR MRS. AYER OF MOSCOW RE CEIVES LETTER FROM PAR ENT'S ASSOCIATION Mrs. L. H. Ayer of Moscow, whose son Albert Jefferson Ayer was severely wounded, is in receipt of the following letter which will be encouraging to all parents whose sons are at the front. Mrs. L. H. Ayer is having this letter published for the benefit sf the soldiers' mothers who have ben called on to make the greatest sacrifice of all; that they should know that the faithful Red Cross is taking good care of their boys. It has helped me so, I pass it on : "August 23, 1918. "Mrs. L. H. Ayer, "Moscow, Idaho, "Dear Madam : "I am glad to be able to tell you that I know and have met many times since he arrived in France, your son Albert Jefferson Ayer. He had gone to the front among the first detachment that left the old 3rd Oregon when it became replacement. I am very sorry to learn through your letter that he had received three wounds, and rejoice with you in knowing that he is recovering. "1 know nothing about Private Haw ley, and without doubt Private Ayer will not know anything about him until after he gets out of the hospital, which I take from the number of wounds he received, will take some time. One thing I wish to assure you is that in France a wounded soldier gels better care in any one of the American hospitals, or any hospitals in France, than he would if he were at home. The doctors furnished by the government and the Red Cross are only the best and the patients' treatment while recovering in the hospital is the best that human aid can give. I might add in passing, that the boy having received three wounds, will be entitled to wear hereafter on the right sleeve of his coat three gold stripes, indicating the num ber of times he was wounded. Un doubtedly, from his statement in his let ter to you, in the parlance of the soldiers, he got nicked right off the jump. That is why he is hazy about the events which followed. "Every American mother. I am sure, is proud to be able to say T have a son in France,' and that same boy is proud to be fighting for France, and all wounds received there are honorable wounds, for there was never an army in the world, a more diers, that went to France, than those sent from the Pacific Northwest. "We should like to welcome you into the Parents' association, which is just now forming. We are enclosing a mem bership blank which you might fill out and return to us, when we will send you a membership card. "Very truly, "WILL G. MacRAF. NEW SUGAR REGULATIONS IN FORCE OCTOBER County Food Administrator Martin has received a telegram from State Food Administrator Bicknell giving the new sugar regulations for this state, telegram follow The Boise, Idaho, Sept. 28. "H. Martin, Moscow, Idaho. "Effective October first permit re tailers sell all consumers for family use sugar on two pounds per capita basis for thirty days' supply. Canning privi leges will be -extended on present basis through the month of October. See our instructions twenty-fifth on other sugar allotments. BICKNELL." ■Ki Gather Old Clothes Tomorrow. The Red Cross committee which was to have gathered old clothes to be given by Moscow people for the sufferers of France and Belgium last Saturday, failed to gef around and the people who have old clothes to give are asked" to place them on their p /dies in plain sight, to (Tuesday) -afternoon. The committee will start out at 1 o'clock to gather the clothes and send them to the needy. Moscow people are urged to give liberally for the clothes are badly needed by the sufferers in the invaded countries. morrow PARIS, Sept. 29.—The Bulgarian dele gates who are to discuss armistice and probable peace arrangements with the allied governments arrived in Salonika Saturday. The delegates are General Lonkoff, commander of the Bulgarian second army; M. Liapcheff, finance min ister, and M. Radeff, a former member of the Bulgarian cabinet. Sav American is Along. LONDON, Monday, Sept. 30. — An American, said to be the American charge d'affaires at Sofia, accompanied the Bulgarian delegates to Salonika to confer with the allied command relative to an armistice, according to a Berlin telegram received here by way of Copen hagen. It is said by the telegram that ''he apparently played a very important part in recent events'." Be Unconditional Surrender. LONDON, Sept. 29.—The news from Bulgaria, which comes through various channels, now compels the belief that the Prussia of the Balkans is not merely seeking.a breathing spell but really wants peace. All the evidence indicates that she needs it grievously and must have it. The German pretense that Premier Malinoff was acting on his own respon sibility . finds no confirmation. King Ferdinand's crown apparently is at stake and he is trying to save his dynasty. The Bulgarian finance, minister and commander in chief are now on their way to the front, acording to the news paper Vaterland, which adds that an Am erican attache will participate in the ne gotiations. While Bulgaria has been disintegrating for months as a factor in the war, her military defeat has brought matters swiftly to a separated and not only are beaten but two of them are scattered in flight with their -German allies sharing the same fate. Yesterday's official report from the front speaks of the number of pris taken and points out that most of them were Germans. Occupation of Sofia by allied troops is a possibility of the near future. The terms'of the allies are plain but stringent. Bulgaria will not be allowed to withdraw from the war and assume the position of a near neutral. She must surrender and give up what territory she has gained by arms as well as some privileges of transport and the same fulness she yielded to Germany while professing neutrality. There is even sug gestion that she may be required to use her army on the side of the entente. The answer of the allies is an ulti "The allied powers have no says a oners n-e ma turn. further conditions to propose, semi-official announcement. Germany's policy in this crisis is learn ed from tire newspapers of that country. She is trying to rush reinforcements to Bulgaria. One report says heavy con tingents are going and on their way will show themselves in Sofia to reassure the people of the Balkan capital. Germany will not let Bulgaria make peace if she can prevent it by force or persuasion. There may he a race between the Ger man army and the allies to reach Sofia. Germany is supposed to have six divi sions in Rumania which she may be able to send to Bulgaria. She hardly can withdraw troops from the wesern front during the struggle she has had there. Probably Austria will also be called upon for help. The latest developments seem to con firm reports that King Ferdinand's long absence from his kingdom during the was because he was afraid to German papers are now speaking freely about their allies. "From the day of Malinoff's appoint ment," says Vorwaerts, "it was well known in political circles that our alli ance was in the greatest danger. In the cabinet's pro-entente summer remain there. sentiments there is an extraordinary ardent desire for peace on the part of the people, whose food for months has been crumbling and indigestible inaize bread. Even if the supporters of our alliance should succeed in getting the upper hand, we should indulge in no illu sions regarding the value which the preservation of the alliance can still have for Germany." PRESIDENT ASKS FOR WOMAN SUFFRAGE WASHINGTON.—President Wilson today stepped into the breach of the sen ate fight over the woman suffrage reso lution and in « personal address in the senate chamber asked for the passage of the resolution as a war measure. » 322 IS FIRST NUMBER OF THE NEW DRAFT WASHINGTON.—President Wilson personally today opened the ceremony of drawing numbers for the 13,000,000 in the new draft. He drew the first capsule containing No. 322. Others in the order drawn are 7277; '6708; 1027; 16; 169; 8366; 5366; 1699; 7123; and 2781. B. L. Williams Resigns. B. L. Williams has tendered his resig nation as private secretary to President Lindley of the University of Idaho, to take effect within the next few days. Mr. Williams, who has held the position since Dr. Lindley assumed the presi dency of the university, will enter^ the students' army training corps and g'jves up a fine position to become a soldier in the cause of world liberty and free dom". men •i*.