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The Daily Star-Mirror
TOLUME ym MOSCOW, LATAH COUNTY, IDAHO WEDNESDAY, NOVEMBER 20, 1918 NUMBER 48 GERMANY MAD 1,580,000 SOLDIERS KILLED Germany's loss in killed, wounded and missing from the beginning of the war to October 1, one month and 11 days before the war ended, reached the ■enormous total of 6,330,000. As the last 42 days of fighting were severe and the Germans were on the defensive, the additional losses during that period must have been very heavy. Germany's loss in killed, alone, up to October 1, was 1,680,000, as compared with England's loss of 668,656 killed up to the close of the war. Included in Germany's list of casualties is 260,000 "whose fate is unknown." If these were killed it will bring the total death list well above one and three quarters a million men. Today the Germans delivered 20 submarines to the allies 30 miles off the EngKsh coast. This is supposed to be not more than 10 per cent of the number to be delivered, but the delivery shows good faith on the part of Germany and it is believed the others will be delivered within the specified time. r England serves notice on Germany that if she wants food for her alleged Étarving population she must g'ive English prisoners better treatment. The notice wai sent to Berlin by wireless. It is significant of the English frame of mind. ■ i:s.; following are the telegraphic and cable dispatches received today: Germany Lost 1,580,000 Killed. COPENHAGEN.—Up to October 1 there were 1,680,000 German soldiers killed and the fate of 260,000 is unknown, according to the Vorwaerts, of Berlin, which says it learns this on good authority. Four million German soldiers were wounded, some of them several times. There were 490,000 Germans (prisoners) in hostile countries. American Troops are in Germany. WITH THE AMERICAN ARMY OF OCCUPATION.—(By Associated Press.)—American troops shoved a leg across the German frontier today at points opposite Briey and Andun-le-Roman and points between these places. Farther north the Duchy of Luxemburg was entered in the direction of the city of Luxemburg. 1-* i England Serves Notice on Hungry Germany. LONDON.—(By British Wireless.)—In any queston of provisioning Ger many the British government will be obliged to take into account the con ditions under which British prisoners in Germany are being released, unless cruel treatment of prisoners is discontinued, the German government was warned in a wireless message today. German Revolutionists Oppose Assembly. LONDON.—The Berlin soldiers and workmen's council has passed reso lutions against summoning a constituent assembly, says the Exchange Tele graph dispatches from Copenhagen. The'council demands a summoning of the general soldiers and workmen's in order to take decision as to the future of Germany." Twenty German Submarines Delivered Today. LONDON.—Twenty German submarines were surrendered to Rear Ad miral Reginald Tyrchittj 30 m'iles off Harwich at sunrise this morning, according to a Press Association dispatch. These are the first submarines that have been surrendered to the allies by Germany. ■ • c Ukranian Government Has Been Unseated. COPENHAGEN.—The Ukranian government has been overturned and Kiev has been captured by troops from Astrakhan, according to Kiev dis / i congress patches to Swedish newspapers. The Ukranian national assembly has fled and a provisional government has been established by the captors of the city who apparently are com manded by General Denkine, leader of the anti-Bolsheviki forces. Shipping Losses for October Small. LONDON, Via Montreal.—Allied and neutral shipping losses for October totalled 93,000 tons, the British admiralty announced today. The British losses were 84,000 tons. • President to Go to France in Style. WASHINGTON.—Naval officials said today that President Wilson and » the American delegation to the peace conference will cross the Atlantic of the big army transports, convoyed by a dreadnaught and a flotilla Plans of the trip are uncompleted but it is regarded as on one of destroyers. certain the vessel carrying the official party will be one of the great pas liners taken over for the movemnt of troops. Will Continue Naval Exjansion. senger WASHINGTON.—Continued naval expansion by the United States without regard at present for the possible decisions of the peace conference for the formation of a league of nations or reduction of armament, was recommended today by Secretary of the Navy Daniels at a private conference with the house naval committee which is now framing the 1920 naval appropriation bill. Discussions with Secretary Daniels largely concerned the league of nations and disarmament called for in President Wilson's peace principles. Daniels insisted that construction proceed because these questions are for future « settlement and no one can foresee the decision. , "'da American Casualties 1399. There are 1399 names in the American army casualty lists issued today, of whom 261 were killed in action. There are three Idaho soldiers named One of these i in the lists, two killed in action and one died of wounds. ' is a Latah county man. Following is the casualty list issued for morning papers today: Killed in action, 146; died of wounds, 118; died of disease, 45; wounded severely, 131; wounded, degree undetermined, 63; wounded slightly, 223; missing in action, 42; prisoners, 14; total, 772. Afternoon List.—Killed in action, 117 ; died of wounds, 27; died of accident and other causes, 5; died of disease, 100; wounded, degree undetermined, 227; wounded slightly, 95; missing in action, 62; prisoners, 4; total, 627. Idaho's Roll of Honor. Delbert Clark, St. Anthony, died of disease. Erick F. Jorgeson, Preston, Idaho, killed in action. Martin Mattson, Troy, Idaho, killed in action. NOT ENOUGH SHIPS IN THE WORLD TO SUPPLY THE IM MEDIATE DEMANDS BOISE.—Ships must come and ships must go loaded with supplies of all kinds for the men of this country overseas, according to the United States shipping board which has notified the state coun cil of defense of Idaho, the people must not think that their duty with relation to the war is over. The statement of the shipping board is follows, as issued by Director Hurley : "Now that the armistice has been ■signed and the end of the war is in sight a statement roughly outlining the plans of the shipping board is in order. The continued need for building Ameri can-owned tonnage is obvious. Not only must we continue to supply our armies overseas and prepare to bring them home at the earliest moment compatible with safety, but Europe must be fed and sup plied with the necessary materials to per mit the reconstruction of devastated areas in order that both our friends and our enemies may become selfsupporting as and the burden of feeding the world taken from our shoulders. "There are not enough ships in the world to carry on this work and to pro vide immediately for ordinary commerce. For that reason only a limited portion of the shipping which can be constructed by us in 1919 will be available for use in the ordinary commercial channels. For two months the shipping board has been making a complete resurvey of its con struction program and contracts. Be lieving that the emergency war pressure which necessitated the speediest con struction possible would soon end, the investigation has been with a view to re planning the ships to be constructed from this date forward. "It is planned that from now on ships will be built with special reference to the economical cost of operation, in cluding -the motive power, cargo, space and speed. It is also planned that'tbese shall be built with reference to probable trade uses and trade lines so as to adapt them to particular uses and to increase the speed every unnecessary delay in loading and unloading must be elimi nated. " » ! TWO GREAT TELEGRAPH COMPANIES CONSOLIDATED WASHINGTON.—Consolidation of services of the Western Union and the Postal telegraph companies under government control announced by Postmaster General Burleson, Way, effective December 1, next. SMS DRIFT HORSES WILL HAVE FUTURE DEAN E. J. IDDINGS OF UNIVER SITY ADVISES RAISING BETTER HORSES So much has been said and written in favor of high priced tractors place of horses for farm work, and the agents of these machines have been so busily engaged in trying make people believe that the horse doomed, that it is refreshing to read a statement from a known authority on horses and their future. Dean E. J. Iddings, head of the agricultural college of the University of Idaho, and admittedly one of the best authorities on the horse in the west, has the following article in this week's issue of the Idaho Farmer. His article follows : The emergency of the last couple years has given a highly favorable opportunity for the growth of interest in mechanical forms of power for use on the farm. The various makes tractors have had powerful organiza tions behind them, and have to the fullest taken advantage of the oppor tunity afforded, tractor has been advertised as means of speeding up work on ftie farm, as a means of doing more than might be done with horses and as vehicle through which service might be rendered to the nation in connec tion with its program for making war. As a result, the As a result of the work of all of these influences the tractor has ob tained greater attention and has made greater progress in securing the in terest of the public than might have been possible during a much longer time had the nation been at peace. Those interested in the live stock producing industry are naturally won dering what effect this increased pub lic interest and popularity of the tractor has had and will have on horse breeding. The writer is of the opin ' that there has been a lessening of interest in the problems of horse breeding. There has probably been less of a disposition to buy the best of stallions. There has been somewhat of a careless attitude in the selection Of a stallion for use on the mares of the farm, and in general there has been a lack, in some districts at least, of a highly ambitious attitude to breed only the best of mares to the best of stallions, with the idea of securing constantly better horses for public service. Many men may not feel that this point of View is correct, but it seems probable that the unprecedented sale of tractors has been unfortunate for the horse business, and, in many cases, has been, to say the least, of no advantage so far as the future of a tractor is concerned. First of all, farmers have felt that it would ion many only be a question would no longer be in demand, and have taken less pride and paid less attention to their horses than for merly. So far as the tractor is con cerned, it has been sold to some men, undoubtedly, who will never make success with the tractor, and in the enthusiasm of the moment has been taken by many men who have thought that it would do much more than it can ever hope to do. Many men will be disappointed, naturally, in the re sult, and if they come back to horses they will undoubtedly need to start at the bottom and build up a horse supply anew. That the tractor has a future can not be successfully questioned. Many of the most enthusiastic horsemen of today are recommending the tractor because it will do some heavy work and save the horses thereby. It will work in the busy season and supple ment the horse power on the farm, and its use for belt power is also an important factor on a large num ber of farms. The important thing is that many men think that the tractor can entirely supplant the horse and can work at any season and on almost any farm. There are un doubtedly many farms of the west that will never successfully operate tractors. It will be many years, if at all, be fore the horse is other than the big gest source of power on the farm. It (Continued on page four.) IP Time to Fumigate i\ Ul \A % jSS n 4 j aVP FI i , I « r, V. % i \ u. ' 5 ■"/#À i ? [i IiIep. H. I). MARTIN GOES TO FRANCE FOR Y. M. C. A. WORK H. D. Martin, pioneer of Latah county, who has lived in and near Moscow for 39 years, left today for France to take up Y. M. C. A. work. He left at 10:45 on the Northern Pa cific for Spokane and goes direct to New York, where he will embark for France next week. He is due in New York on November 26. Mr. Martin has been food admini strator for Latah county since the of fice was established. He resigned and T. A. Meeker, another pioneer, form er owner of the telephone sytem here, has accepted the position and took over the work today. Mr. Martin leave his wife and three children in Moscow, JJe expects to remain in France as long as hêêded and has been informed that his services Will probably be reqired for at least year. i INFLUENZA BAN IS OFFICIALLY LIFTED STATE HEALTH OFFICER THANKS COUNTY BOARDS FOR EFFICIENT ACTION BOISE.—Orders have been issued by the state board of health to lift the Spanish influenza ban which has been in effect in this state for a month as a precautionary measure against the spread of the epidemic, on November 24. Like many other states. Idaho' decided to close down churches, public schools, theaters and all public meeting places in order to guard against spread of the disease. The order lifting the ban, as issued by Dr. E. T. Biwer, secretary and executive of ficer of the state board of health, to the chairmen of all county health boards, is as follows : "You are advised that all restrictions of the state board of health for the con trol of the epidemic of influenza are to be removed at 1 a. m. Sunday morning, November.24. insofar as is safe within your jurisdiction. "Reparts received by this office indi-. cate that for the « state as a whole, the incidence of influenza is rapidly dimin ishing, which explains the above order. "While sporadic cases will doubtless develop for a considerable ' period, and while in some isolated sections, influ enza may still attain epidemic propor tions, we believe that the present strin gent requirements may be done away with. "You are directed, however, to use all care in handling the situation within your jurisdiction and if in the judgment of the local board of health, the time is not ripe for removal of restrictions, you authorized to maintain them for the are present. "I wish to thank you, and, through you, the public generally for the splendid co-operation that has been shown the Mate board of health during this abnor mal situation." HONE) 10 MH POLAND CHINA SOW SELLS FOR $88.50—OTHER HOGS BRING $30 EACH Hagan & Cushing, proprietors of the big packing plant here, today paid C. O. Grendahl $88.50 for one hog. The ani mal was a Poland China sow, weighing 610 pounds. There was a 20-pound dock and the price paid was 15 cents a pound. The animal was delivered to the company's packing plant just north of town. The firm bought 36 head of young hogs from Armbruster & Taylor, raised on Mr. Armbruster's farm near town, for which a check for $1080, an average of just $30 each, was given. The hogs weighed 185 pounds each and the price paid was 16 cents a pound. The hogs were a fine lot of young animals and in prime condition. EXPECTED SOON BUT SOME SCHOOLS MAY NOT OPEN NEXT MONDAY BE CAUSE OF INFLUENZA School may not open in all districts in Latah county next Monday, although the state quarantine will be lifted Sun day. Influenza has just made its appear ance in some of the districts and is spreading. One district which has not had the disease at all until three days ago reports seven new cases and the directors asked Mrs. R. ß. Knepper, county school superintendent, what they should do about opening school. She in structed the directors to use their own judgment about it and if they deem it unsafe to open school Monday they may keep the school closed until such time as it is thought safe to reopen it. School will open in Moscow and in nearly every district in the county Mon day. Churches will hold services Sun day for the first time in several weeks. The motion pictures are arranging to reopen Monday evening and the chamber of commerce will give its regular week ly luncheon at noon on Tuesday. Lodges, which have held no meetings since the quarantine went into effect, will resume regular meetings next week and condi tions are expected to become normal be fore the end of the week. Many students of the University of Idaho, who have been out since the quar antine started, secured health certificates from Dr. W. A. Adair, city health of ficer, last night and'were permitted to enter classes this morning. No new cases of influenza are reported in town today. B RESOLUTIONS ARE COUNTY COUNCIL OF DEFENSE REGRETS BUT ACCEPTS MAR TIN'S RESIGNATION The defense council at its meeting last evening passed the following resolution as a token of appreciation on the part of the council and the people of Latah coun ty of the services rendered by H. D. Martin as county food administrator. Mr. Martin has given his services with out compensation to the people of the county during the past year: Whereas, H. D. Martin has tendered his resignation as county food adminis trator of Latah county, state of Idaho ; and Whereas. As such administrator he has served the people of said county faithfully, giving his time, energy and funds without compensation or reim bursement during a time of great na tional stress : now therefore be it Resolved, That this council for and on behalf of the people of Latah county extend to the said H. D. Martin the sincere appreciation of the loyal citizens of the county for the faithful services rendered: and be it further Resolved, That a copy of these reso lutions be sent to H. D. Martin and a copy given to the press of the city. "LATAH COUNTY DE FENSE COUNCIL, "By L. F. PARSINS, "Chairman." Mr. Martin left this morning for New York, where he will embark for France to work as a representative of the Y. M. C. A. Mr. Martin tendered his resignation as county food administrator to State Administrator Bicknell some days ago to take up this new position. Word has been received that T. A- Meeker has been appointed state food administrator to fill the position made vacant by Mr. Martin's resignation. 1ST SHOP EARLY IN SPOKANE STORES MERCHANTS WILL NOT KÉEP STORES OPEN LATE FOR CHRISTMAS SHOPPERS SPOKANE, Wash. — Sweeping re forms in the handling of Christmas shop ping have been adopted by virtually all merchants of Spokane acting through their retail trade bureau. All lines of merchandise are reached by the agree ment which was made in deference to the wishes of the war industries board and which will be adhered to in spite of the fact that the war has ended and the "flu" ban has been lifted. Stores will close during the pre-holiday period at 6 o'clock, instead of remaining open until 9 or 10 p. m.. as has hereto fore been- customary. No extra clerks will be required as the early announce ment of the change in custom is ex pected to distribute holiday buyers throughout the several weeks before Christmas. In fact, many merchants are already advertising holiday goods. It has been further agreed by the retail trade bureau to unitedly and individually advocate the buying of useful and essen tial gifts. Such gifts will be featured in all displays. Unnecessary and extrav agant articles will be kept in the back ground or completely forgotten. Ameri can-made toys for children are, however, to be regarded as essentials. DEFENSE COUNCIL MAKES AN APPEAL L. F. PARSONS, CHAIRMAN, ASKS THAT LATAH COUNTY RAISE ITS FULL QUOTA To the Public* ' The united war fund drive is going slowly. There is a tendency to depre ciate the importance of this drive. The cessation of hostilities apparently is causing a great many to lose interest in ''Our Boys" and to ignore their quotas entirely or to subscribe but a small part thereof. As a result Latah is far from reaching its quota. The matter was given serious consider ation by the council of defense at its regular meeting last night. It was the sense of the council that Latah should meet its original quota of $22,000. That while it was called upon to oversubscribe this quota by 50 per cent, it was the sense of the council that the ending of the war made the oversubscription un necessary, but considering it very im portant that the county meet the quota of $22,000. It was unanimously voted that the drive be kept open until this amount had been raised. Latah has had an enviable record— standing 100 per cent in all previous drives—and it is felt that Moscow and Latah county cannot afford to put a blot on that record at this time. The council asked that each individual do his part in keeping that record clear by doing his part. It called upon the people to forget all partisan feeling in the matter. The money subscribed is not for any sect or creed, but for the boys who have offered their all and have been instrumental in bringing the war tc an early and successful close. The failure of Latah county to do its part in this drive can and would be con strued as a lack of appreciation for the , services rendered by our boys and a black mark on her 100 per cent war recorcT, Can Latah afford to fall down? Your answer will be recorded by your sub scription. LATAH COUNTY DE FENSE COUNCIL, L. F. PARSONS, Chairman. A GREAT HOLIDAY WANTS FOUR GOVERNORS TO EAT THANKSGIVING DINNER IN THAT CITY SPOKANE, Wash. — Governors of four states have been invited to Spokane to participate in the three-day Thanks giving celebration planned as a period of rejoicing over the winning of the war. All of the Inland Empire towns have held impromptu celebrations and it is being thought advisable to invite the citi zens from all of this big region to have a still more elaborate observance at the central city. Now that the "flu" ban has also been lifted there seems extra occasion for rejoicing. The plans call for special services in all of the churches, beginning at 9 o'clock on Thanksgiving day, a state luncheon in honor of the governors and their official parties at 1 p. m. ; mass meeting and unveiling of victory statue at 3 p. m. ; formal state ball 9 p. m. The second day will be signalized by a big street pageant typifying victory over the cen tral powers. In the çyçpiag ft publiç „• I concert and dance will lie neld at the armory with the United States Marine band providing the music, Saturday crowds will witness the one big football game to be held in the Northwest this year between Mare Island marines and the University of Idaho. Other features arc to be added. Extending an invitation to the Inland Empire generally, Frank Sweeny, chair man of the victory celebration commit tee, says : "People of the Inland Empire have been saving their money for three years or more of war. and this celebration of victory should mark the return of pros perity. The Inland Empire is prosper ous and we want folks from all points to come to Spokane and have a good time next week. The people have been staying at home, denying themselves luxuries, and often necessities, to help win the war. Now the war is won they should give themselves a big holiday." REV. J. QUINCY BIGGS MAY BE ARMY CHAPLAIN Rev. J. Quincy Biggs, pastor of the Moscow Christian church, returned last night from Fort George Wright, Spokane, where he passed a success ful physical and mental examination for the position of chaplain in the army. He had been accepted for the work two weeks ago and was instructed to go to Spokane and take the examination. Captain Coffey, of Fort George Wright, sent the Rev. Mr. Biggs' papers east at once and said that he has little doubt that the minister will be called to service even though the war has ended for there is said to be a shortage of chaplains and many of those who have been en gaged in the work since the early part of the war, wili want to return. The Rev. Mr. Biggs was formerly pastor of the Dean Avenue Christian church of Spokane. He came to Mos cow early this year. He will hold himself in readiness to go whenever called. If accepted as chaplain he will be given the rank of first lieu tenant.