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The Daily Star-Mirror
VOLUME VIII MOSCOW, LATAH COUNTY, IDAHO SATURDAY, NOVEMBER 23, 1918 NUMBER 4r AMERICAN CASUALTIES TOTAL 236,117 The "war news" today will be a rude shock to American people and cause a feeling of dread to penetrate many an American home. The casualty list, which it had been predicted would probably reach 100,000 is today announced as 236,117, of whom 53,169 are fatalities. More German submarines have been surrendered to the allies. Twenty more of the pirate ships were turned over to the allied fleet yesterday, making a total of 59 that have been surrendered but leaving more than 100 yet to be delivered, the armistice terms calling for the surrender of 160 of these boats. As one was sunk in delivering the second contingent, there remain just 100 more to be delivered. The string of German ships that have been surrendered to the allies is said to have measured more than 10 miles in length ,allowing the usual space between ships in motion. The Bolsheviki (Soviet) officials of Russia evidently see "what's coming" and are preparing for flight, a la Hohenzollern, for they have ordered a ship prepared and kept in readiness to take them to a neutral country. King Albert, of Belgium is again in his capital, Brussels, from which he was driven in August, 1914, and he has been wandering with his soldiers since that time. He reentered Brussels this morning. , Following is the telegraphic and cable news received today; American Casualties Reach 236,117. That the American losses in killed, wounded and missing total 236,117 is the statement issued by the war department today, and of these 53,169 have been killed in action, died of wounds or disease or "from accident or other causes." The statement issued by General March, chief of staff, at Washington, today, shows that less than 40 per cent of the American cas ualties have been reported up to this time. The following dispatch by the Associated Press gives information that will be of interest to every person with a relative or friend in the army. The dispatch follows: Units to Be Sent Home First. WASHINGTON.—General March announced today that authority has been given General Pershing to send home all troops not needed in making up the army of occupation. He said that General Pershing had indicated that the following units will not be required: Divisions numbered 13, 34, 38, 39, 76, 84, 86 and 87; coast artillery regi ments 46, 47, 49, 60, 75, and 76; field artillery brigades 65 and 103. American Casualties to Nov. 11. The total casualties of the American forces prior to signing of the armis tice were; killed and died of wounds, 36,154; died of disease, 14,811; died of accident and other causes, 2,204; wounded, 179,625; prisoners, 2,163; missing, 1,160. Took 44,000 German Prisoners. The American forces in France, General March said, took 44,000 German prisoners 'in round numbers and 1,400 guns. Troops to Be Returned. General March said that General Pershing had indicated the following general classes of troops are to be returned: Railroad artillery troops; army artillery troops; gas troops; tank corps; air forces; divisions broken up to be used as replacements. Troops returning from England immediately will include practically all air squadrons, 16 construction companies, one sail makers detachment, one Handley-Paige training station, several photographic and radio sections. Orders for the return of these have already been given. Bolsheviki Massacre in Petrograd. WASHINGTON.—A dispatch reaching the state department from Stock holm says that Helingsfors newspapers print an account of a terriffic .Belsheviki massacre in Petrograd. Five hundred former officers are re ported, to be marked for murder and foreigners are said to be in grave danger. ' Will Reduce Force in Europe. WASHINGTON.-—plans of the Wàr department, Secretary Baker said today, call for a reduction of. the American expeditionary forces to a point where they will constitute approximately 30 divisions, which is about half of the present strength. Further reductions will be made if it is found the situation warrants it. South Germany May Secede. COPENHAGEN, Friday.—Resistance in South Germany, especially in Bavaria, to the proletariat dictation from Berlin is rapidly growing and it is likely to result in all of South Germany being established as a new and independent government, according to Berlinske Tideudes Berlin Corres pondent. Bolsheviki Preparing to Flee. COPENHAGEN, Friday.—-Soviet authorities of Russia have ordered a to be ready at the shortest notice to sail from the mouth of the Neva cruiser river in the gulf of Finland. It is announced in case of danger 14 members of the government will embark for a neutral port, according to Petrograd advices. King Albert Reenters His Capital. BRUSSELS, Friday.—King Albert entered Brussels this morning at 10:30 accompanied by Queen Elizabeth, Princess Leopold and Charles and Princess He received an ovation from the streets and listened to an , Marie Jose. address of welcome at Parliament house and reviewed a line of allied troops more than 10 miles long. Will Receive President Wilson. LONDON.—British admiralty considering plans for the reception of Presi dent Wilson. It will probably send warships to meet him at Agammennon and escort the presidential party to port. Today's Casualty Report. There are 976 names in the casualty lists reported today. The list issued for morning papers contains 538 names. It follows. Killed in action, 103; died of disease, 174; wounded severely, 47; wounded, ■degree undetermined,' 39; wounded slightly, 46; missing in action, 119; pris oners, 10; total, 538. Afternoon List.—Killed in action, 78; died of wounds, 132; died of di sease, 56; wounded severely, 123; wounded, degree undetermined, 19; wounded slightly, 23; missing in action, 8; total, 438. GIVES CREDIT 10 IHE NEWSPAPERS DIRECTOR OF PUBLICITY SAYS THE PRESS IS RESPONSIBLE FOR LAST SUCCESS Giving all of the credit for the suc- of the last "drive" to raise funds cess for the soldiers, Earl Wayland Bow man, director of publicity, has written the following letter £b this paper: "My Dear Sir: The united war work campaign in Idaho has been a splendid success. The state once more has done its duty and proved its love and loyalty to America and America's defenders on the battle field. No greater task has been put upon the people responsible for rais ing Idaho's quota in this war drive. "This has been the only fund-rais ing campaign put over during the war that depended entirely upon the pub licity department to get the message to the people. We have had no meet ings, we have been unable to use any speakers, we have had to depend solely upon the press and similar ad vertising. In addition to this, the period of preparation came at a time when the minds of the people were distracted by a strenuous political campaign. Added to these, was the greater distraction of the announce ment of the signing of the armistice, at the moment the drive started. "Only through the splendid support of the newspapers of the state has it been possible to make the united war work campaign in Idaho a success. Almost unanimously, the editors and publishers of the state freely and gladly gave their' space, amounting in the aggregate to thousands of col umns to make it possible for us to get the message to the people. It was your co-operation that made the drive a success. It is because you did all you could that Idaho has sent half a million dollars to bring com fort and good cheer to her sons and sons comrades overseas and at home in the army cantonments. "I congratulate you. been loyal and generous. On behalf of the united war work campaign, and personally, I send to you expressions of sincere gratitude. "Very sincerely yours, "EARL WAYLAND BOWMAN, "Director of Publicty." Yoii have All hooks which have been out of the Public Library during the influenza quarantine must be returned immediately. Every book must be in before Thanks giving. SECRETARY« QUITS RIS JOBS MAN WITH MANY JOBS RETIRES TO TAKE UP PRIVATE BUSI NESS AND REST WASHINGTON—Giving the neces sity for replenishing his personal for tune as a reason, William G. McAdoo has resigned as secretary of the treasury, director general of the rail roads and his resignation has been accepted by President Wilson. Mc Adoo said ' he had no idea who his successor will be. Letters between President Wilson and Mr. McAdoo, made public today with the announcement of the resig nation, give Mr. McAdoo's reasons for leaving the cabinet solely as a neces sity for replenishing his personal for tune and express the president's deep regret at losing his son-in-law from his official family. McAdoo's Letter to President. Mr. McAdoo's letter of resignation, ■dated November 14, follows: "Dear Mr. President: Now that an armistice has been signed and peace is assured, I feel at liberty to advise you of my desire to return, as soon as possible, to private life. "I have been conscious for some time of the necessity for this step, but, of course, I could not consider it while the at war. country "For almost six years I have work ed incessantly under the pressure great responsibilities. Their exac tions have drawn heavily on my strength. The inadequate compensa tion allowed by law to cabinet officers (as you know I receive no compensa tion as director general of railways) and the very burdensome cost of liv ing in Washington have so depleted my personal resources that I am obliged to reckon with the facts the situation. Health Not Impaired. "I do not wish to convey the im pression that there is any actual im pairment of my health, because such is not the fact. As a result of long overwork I need a reasonable period of genuine rest to replenish my en ergy. But more than this, I must, for the sake of my family, get back private life, to retrieve my personal fortune. "I cannot secure the required rest nor the opportunity to look after by long neglected private affairs unless I am relieved of my present responsi bilities. "I am anxious to have my retire ment affected with the least possible inconvenience to yourself and to the public service, but it would, I think, be wise to accept my resignation now as secretary of the treasury, to be come effective upon the appointment and qualification of my successor so that he may have the opportunity and advantage of participating promptly in the formulation of the policies that should govern the fu ture work of the treasury. I would suggest that my resignation as di rector general of railroads become ef fective January 1, 1919, or upon the appointment of my successor. "I hope you will understand, my dear Mr. President, that I will per mit nothing but the most imperious demands to force my withdrawal from public life. Always I shall cherish as the greatest honor of my career the opportunity you have so gener ously given me to serve the country under your leadership in these epochal times. Affectionately yours, "W. G. M'ADOO." President Accepts. The president's letter of acceptance dated November 21 follows: "My dear Mr. Secretary: I was not unprepared for your letter of the 14th because you had more than once, of course, discussed with me the cir cumstances which have long made it a serious personal sacrifice for you to remain in office. I knew that only your high and exacting sense of duty had kept you here until the immedi ate tasks of the war should be over. But I am none the less distressed. shall not allow our intimate personal relations to deprive me of the pleasure of saying that in my judgment the country has never had an abler, a more resourceful and yet prudent, a uniformly efficient secretary of the treasury; and I say this remem bering all the able, devoted and. dis tinguished men who preceded you. have kept your letter a number of days, in order to suggest, if I could, some other solution of your difficulty than the one you have now felt obliged to resort to. But I have not been able to think of any. I can not ask you to make further sacrifices, serious as the loss to the government will be in your retirement. I accept your resignation, therefore, to take effect upon the appointment of a suc cessor, because in justice to you I must. more Admires McAdoo's SkilL "I also for the same reason accept your resignation as director-general of railroads, to take effect, as you suggest, on the first of January, next, or when your successor is appointed. The whole world admires, I am sure, as I do, the skill and executive ca pacity with which you handled the great and complex problem of the unified administration of the jailways under the stress of war uses, and will regret, as I do, to see you leave that post just as the crest of its diffi culty is passed. "For the distinguished, disinterest ed and altogether admirable service you have rendered the country in both posts, and especially for the way in which you have guided the treas + No Sunday School Tomorrow 4 1 t - 4 ♦ Dr. W. A. Adair, city health 4 4* officer, has announced there will 4* •fr be no Sunday school in Moscow 4* 4* tomorrow. Dr. Adair said: "If 4* 4' it is unsafe to have public school 4* 4 1 next week it will be unsafe to 4* 4 1 have Sunday school tomorrow. 4 4* The little folks will flock to Sun- 4* 4* day school and this will be just 4* 4* as bad as public school. They 4 1 4* may hold church services if they 4> 4* wish, but there shall be no Sun- 4> 4» day school. 4* 4* "The situation is worse today. 4* 4» There are a number of new 4* 4* cases. A woman arrived here 4* 4" Tuesday from Kansas with her 4« 4> two children to visit relatives. 4* 4> Today she and her two children 4> 4* and her sister, whom she is visit- 4 4* ing are down with the disease. 4* 4« A woman who had not been away 4» 4» from her home since the epi -4* 4* demie began in Moscow, was 4* 4> taken down with the disease last 4> 4* night. There are several other 4* 4* new eases. It would be very 4* 4» dangerous to have Sunday school 4* 4* tomorrow." 4* 4'4'4"4 , 4 , 4 , 4 , 4 , 4-4'4 , 4-4 , 4"4*4 KüÄtÄÄÄasf ditions and of the financing of a war which has been without precedent alike in kind and in scope, I thank STv4 tSSSTUX heart. Gratefully and affectionately vours, WOODROW WILSON." P A NATIONAL GUARD CANNOT HAVE LEGAL REGI MENT UNTIL LEGISLATURE MEETS IN JANUARY BOISE.—Idaho is without a regiment at the present time and can have none of recognized standing until the legisla ture passes a law accepting the terms of the national defense act. When that is done there will be formed in this state the Third Idaho, to take the place of the Second Idaho regiment, which was ■»vorn into the federal service, segre gated and its companies divided among engineers, machine gun and infantry units. When the Idaho boys in the old Sec ond Idaho come marching home from the western front they will have termi nated their length of service in both the federalized army and the Idaho national guard, and to create a Third Idaho regi ment it will become necessary to build up an entirely new organization, including officers and enlisted' men. Failed to Pass Act. This information is confirmed by Ad jutant General C. S. Moody, the author of the militia bill presented to the last legislature when he was majority leader, and defeated. The legislature failed to pass the act and thereafter failed to en act a militia law and adjourned without accepting the terms of the national de fense act. Thereafter when internal trouble arose in the state, especially the I. W. W. in the north, Idaho found itself without military protection because the judge ad vocate rules that the legislature having failed to accept on behalf of the state the terms of the defense act, the govern ment was powerless to do anything in supplying equipment, etc. Governor-elect D. W. Davis will have as one of his important appointments an adjutant general to succeed Adjutant General C. S. Moody, appointed by the present governor. It will be under the supervision of this official that the new regiment in this state will be organized, providing that the legislature moves to take advantage of the terms of the de fense act. Two Held Eligible. By doing this the legislature will open the way for federal equipment and sup port from the government amounting to thousands of the state Idaho cannot supply. There are said to be only two repub licans in the state at the present time qualified to be appointed adjutant gen eral. The law requires that the adjutant general named must have served one year as adjutant general and been a commissioned officer for three years. The two men are Major J. B. Burns, present assistant adjutant general, and A. M. Rowe of Boise. A number oi other men now in France arc qualified, but they are not in Idaho and it is diffi cult to determine when they will be. MRS. SMITH THANKS NURSES AND HOSPITAL FORCE In giving her statement yesterday Mrs. N. H. Smith of Addie, Idaho, overlooked mentioning several who had shown spe cial favors to her sick son and asks that these be included in her "vote of thanks." She mentions Drs. Kotalik and Clarke. Mrs. Kippen, . head nurse, and Miss Hegstrom, and four orddVlies, Messrs. Reeder, Fogg, Donahue and McGregor. Mr. and Mrs. Smith are so well pleased with Moscow, with the univer sity and with the people here, that they have decided to come to Latah county to live, if they can sell or trade their ranch in Boundary county. Mr. Smith returned home yesterday and will try to sell their place there, and if he succeeds, they will try to buy a farm close to Moscow. Mrs. Smith will remain here until her son recovers his health. j ' ! , ! BE OPENED NEXT MONDAY i i j j j ) . | j INDICATIONS POINT TO IN CREASED ACTIVITY IN THIS COUNTY NEXT WINTER Preparations are being made for the resumption of mining activity in the mining districts of the northern and eastern parts of Latah county in the near future. Nearly all op erations were suspended on account of the war making it impossible to * the war and the lelease of men^who can be secured for this work it is p i anne( i to not only renew but to in «— • The great mica mines, where a mountain of mica, said to be one ot the largest deposits in the United States has been idle for months, is to resume work, it is understood. An eastern syndicate has secured con trol of the" great deposit and has been putting in new and modern machinery and it is announced that a large force will be kept at work there this winter. The property is regarded as highly valuable and will be developed and regular shipments made. In the Gold Hill, Hoodoo and other districts there will be increased ac tivity. Many properties in these dis tricts that are regarded as valuable have been idle or only assessment work done on them for the past three years, but already preparations are being made for working these prop erties next winter. Roads are being cleared and supplies will be taken in before the snow gets deep enough to interfere with travel. There are believed to be valuable mineral deposits in the mountain districts and along the rivers in this county and development work is to be pushed. There is still some placer mining being done along the Palouse river in the Hoodoo district where many millions of dollars were taken out more than 50 years ago and where fair wages are still being made by a few settlers who work the placer grounds which have been worked over but from which occasional before, good returns are secured. ■ INCREASE OF WEALTH OF IDA HO TRUST COMPANIES FOR PAST YEAR SHOWN The 1918 edition of "Trust Com panies of the United States" which is the 16th annual publication of trust company statistics issued by the Unit ed States Mortgage & Trust company, New York, is now being distributed. John W. Platten, president of the company, says inthe preface to the volume: "In presenting the 1918 edition of "Trust Companies of the United States," attention is directed to the gratifying statistics of the growth and influence of these institutions for the fiscal year just closed, during which trust company resources reach ed a total of $9,380,886,061, or $422, 374,214 more than a year ago'. "It is a satisfaction to record a large accession to the membership of the federal reserve system from the ranks of the trust companies, it be ing worthy of note that of the total above shown over 50 per resources cent are held by companies now in cluded in the system. "Conditions directly resulting from the great struggle in which we engaged have stimulated fiduci ary business to an unprecedented ex tent in all parts of the country and the pre-eminent fitness of these in stitutions for the handling of this class of business has been still fur ther demonstrated. "Trust companies have lost no op portunity to render loyal and whole hearted service toward the winning of the war, and the events of the year have shown more clearly than ever before their great importance and usefulness as an integral part in the financial structure of the na tion." , . , , The 1918 book consisting of about 600 pages, contains in addition to over 2100 statements, lists of officers and directors, stock quotations, divi dend rates, etc. A recapitulation table shows that the total resources of the trust com- panies in Itaho amount to $10,789,877, a gain of $731,103, or 7.2 per cent during the past year. -.n-■ Brown M. Schick, editor of The Re- who had editorial a re nnw public at Palouse charge of The Star-Mirror for. three weeks during the absence of the editor in September and October, was a Moscow . visitor today, accompanied by his family. ' u The schools of Moscow will not open next Monday. This was decided by the school board after consulta tion with city and county health of ficers at a special meeting held last night. It was regarded as dangerous to open school in Moscow now with so many cases of influenza in town. Dr. W. A. Adair reported 32 homes in this school district in which there is influenza and believes that if child ren from these homes enter the school there is danger of a spread of the contagion. L. F. Parsons, of the school board, made this statement: "At a special meeting of the school board held yesterday evening the board decided to keep the schools of Moscow closed for another week, ir respective of the fact that the state board of health has raised the quar antine. Before making this decision the board called in for consultation County Health Officer Dr. Rae and City Health Officer Dr. Adair. A canvass of the number of infected homes was obtained from the several physicians of Moscow. There were found to be 32 infected homes each of which had one or more cases. "After a careful consideration of the matter it was decided by the board that it would be more desirable to lose one week of school than to unnecessarily expose the children of the district with the possibility of loss of life. It was understood by the board that the churches and theatres would open the first of week and it was deemed desirable to wait and note the effect on the spread of the disease. If con ditions remain favorable the schools will open Monday, December 2. "The teachers of the district have been requested to remain in the city and refrain as far as possible from exposing themselves to the disease with the hope that the whole corps may be at hand for service on De cember 2nd and the school work pro ceed with as great speed and as little friction as possible." The churches of Moscow will hold services at the usual hours tomorrow and the theatres will open Monday evening. Both are preparing special programs for the opening occasion. The churches have been closed for six weeks and there have been no public meetings of any kind in Moscow in that time. The same is true of the theatres. Dr. W. A. Adair, city health officer, who has consented to the opening of churches and theatres makes the following announcement: "Every one who has any symptoms of disease, even a slight cold, will be required to remain away from the theatres and churches. Coughing in these public places will cause uneasi ness if it is not actually dangerous. No one with a cough should be ad mitted to any of them. Persons who have recently recovered from influ enza should remain away from these places for several days, at least. Un less the greatest care is exercised there will be grave danger of a spread of the disease and all public meetings will again be forbidden for an indefi nite period. It will be well for man agers of theatres to refuse to admit any one with a cough, if great care is used in the next week the danger will be greatly lessened and every one should cooperate to prevent an other epidemic here." The chamber of commerce will hold its regular weekly noon day luncheon at its rooms over the Orpheum theatre next Tuesday. Secret societies will hold their usual meetings next -week and, aside from schools, the conditions in Moscow will again be normal. Conditions at the University of Idaho are very satisfactory. There have been no new cases in many days. The few girls who had slight attacks of influenza are recovering and it is hoped that next Monday the quaran tine can be lifted and the S. A. T. G. men and other students will again be permitted to come down town, at church and theatres and make the up, in a measure, for the loss of entertainment during the past six weeks. It is understood that the 300 men in the vocational training corps will leave here on December 15 to make room for 300 others, but where the latter will come from is not yet known. SPOKANE WILL HAVE BIG PEACE CELEBRATION SPOKANE, Nov. 23.—Spokane and the Inland Empire will celebrate the war victory won by the allies and the advent of peace with a monster victory fete for three days beginning Thanksgiving day, November 28. Governor Ernest Lister of Washing- ton will be here to participate in the program, and invitations have been sent to Governor Sam V. Stewart of Montana, Governor Moses Alexander of Idaho and Governor James Withy- combe of Oregon. Several high mili- tary officials are also expected to attend. Among the features will be the presence of the marine band from the Mare Island navy yard. Ra AIRPLANE TO TRY FOR _ RECORD LONG FLIGHT SANTA BARBARA, Cal. — Bound for Washington, D. C., with only two stops scheduled between start and desti nation. No. "102," Loughead biplane, left _ . Santa Barbara at S :05 this morning.