The Daily Star-Mirror
MOSCOW, LATAH COUNTY, IDAHO SATURDAY, NOVEMBER 23, 1918
AMERICAN CASUALTIES TOTAL 236,117
The "war news" today will be a rude shock to American people and cause
a feeling of dread to penetrate many an American home. The casualty
list, which it had been predicted would probably reach 100,000 is today
announced as 236,117, of whom 53,169 are fatalities.
More German submarines have been surrendered to the allies. Twenty
more of the pirate ships were turned over to the allied fleet yesterday,
making a total of 59 that have been surrendered but leaving more than
100 yet to be delivered, the armistice terms calling for the surrender of 160
of these boats. As one was sunk in delivering the second contingent,
there remain just 100 more to be delivered. The string of German ships
that have been surrendered to the allies is said to have measured more than
10 miles in length ,allowing the usual space between ships in motion.
The Bolsheviki (Soviet) officials of Russia evidently see "what's coming"
and are preparing for flight, a la Hohenzollern, for they have ordered a
ship prepared and kept in readiness to take them to a neutral country.
King Albert, of Belgium is again in his capital, Brussels, from which he
was driven in August, 1914, and he has been wandering with his soldiers
since that time. He reentered Brussels this morning.
, Following is the telegraphic and cable news received today;
American Casualties Reach 236,117.
That the American losses in killed, wounded and missing total 236,117
is the statement issued by the war department today, and of these 53,169
have been killed in action, died of wounds or disease or "from accident
or other causes." The statement issued by General March, chief of staff, at
Washington, today, shows that less than 40 per cent of the American cas
ualties have been reported up to this time. The following dispatch by the
Associated Press gives information that will be of interest to every person
with a relative or friend in the army. The dispatch follows:
Units to Be Sent Home First.
WASHINGTON.—General March announced today that authority has
been given General Pershing to send home all troops not needed in making
up the army of occupation. He said that General Pershing had indicated
that the following units will not be required:
Divisions numbered 13, 34, 38, 39, 76, 84, 86 and 87; coast artillery regi
ments 46, 47, 49, 60, 75, and 76; field artillery brigades 65 and 103.
American Casualties to Nov. 11.
The total casualties of the American forces prior to signing of the armis
tice were; killed and died of wounds, 36,154; died of disease, 14,811; died
of accident and other causes, 2,204; wounded, 179,625; prisoners, 2,163;
Took 44,000 German Prisoners.
The American forces in France, General March said, took 44,000 German
prisoners 'in round numbers and 1,400 guns.
Troops to Be Returned.
General March said that General Pershing had indicated the following
general classes of troops are to be returned: Railroad artillery troops; army
artillery troops; gas troops; tank corps; air forces; divisions broken up to
be used as replacements.
Troops returning from England immediately will include practically all air
squadrons, 16 construction companies, one sail makers detachment, one
Handley-Paige training station, several photographic and radio sections.
Orders for the return of these have already been given.
Bolsheviki Massacre in Petrograd.
WASHINGTON.—A dispatch reaching the state department from Stock
holm says that Helingsfors newspapers print an account of a terriffic
.Belsheviki massacre in Petrograd. Five hundred former officers are re
ported, to be marked for murder and foreigners are said to be in grave danger.
' Will Reduce Force in Europe.
WASHINGTON.-—plans of the Wàr department, Secretary Baker said
today, call for a reduction of. the American expeditionary forces to a point
where they will constitute approximately 30 divisions, which is about half
of the present strength. Further reductions will be made if it is found the
situation warrants it.
South Germany May Secede.
COPENHAGEN, Friday.—Resistance in South Germany, especially in
Bavaria, to the proletariat dictation from Berlin is rapidly growing and it
is likely to result in all of South Germany being established as a new and
independent government, according to Berlinske Tideudes Berlin Corres
Bolsheviki Preparing to Flee.
COPENHAGEN, Friday.—-Soviet authorities of Russia have ordered a
to be ready at the shortest notice to sail from the mouth of the Neva
river in the gulf of Finland. It is announced in case of danger 14 members
of the government will embark for a neutral port, according to Petrograd
King Albert Reenters His Capital.
BRUSSELS, Friday.—King Albert entered Brussels this morning at 10:30
accompanied by Queen Elizabeth, Princess Leopold and Charles and Princess
He received an ovation from the streets and listened to an
, Marie Jose.
address of welcome at Parliament house and reviewed a line of allied troops
more than 10 miles long.
Will Receive President Wilson.
LONDON.—British admiralty considering plans for the reception of Presi
dent Wilson. It will probably send warships to meet him at Agammennon
and escort the presidential party to port.
Today's Casualty Report.
There are 976 names in the casualty lists reported today. The list issued
for morning papers contains 538 names. It follows.
Killed in action, 103; died of disease, 174; wounded severely, 47; wounded,
■degree undetermined,' 39; wounded slightly, 46; missing in action, 119; pris
oners, 10; total, 538.
Afternoon List.—Killed in action, 78; died of wounds, 132; died of di
sease, 56; wounded severely, 123; wounded, degree undetermined, 19; wounded
slightly, 23; missing in action, 8; total, 438.
GIVES CREDIT 10
DIRECTOR OF PUBLICITY SAYS
THE PRESS IS RESPONSIBLE
FOR LAST SUCCESS
Giving all of the credit for the suc-
of the last "drive" to raise funds
for the soldiers, Earl Wayland Bow
man, director of publicity, has written
the following letter £b this paper:
"My Dear Sir: The united war
work campaign in Idaho has been a
splendid success. The state once
more has done its duty and proved
its love and loyalty to America and
America's defenders on the battle
field. No greater task has been put
upon the people responsible for rais
ing Idaho's quota in this war drive.
"This has been the only fund-rais
ing campaign put over during the war
that depended entirely upon the pub
licity department to get the message
to the people. We have had no meet
ings, we have been unable to use any
speakers, we have had to depend
solely upon the press and similar ad
vertising. In addition to this, the
period of preparation came at a time
when the minds of the people were
distracted by a strenuous political
campaign. Added to these, was the
greater distraction of the announce
ment of the signing of the armistice,
at the moment the drive started.
"Only through the splendid support
of the newspapers of the state has it
been possible to make the united war
work campaign in Idaho a success.
Almost unanimously, the editors and
publishers of the state freely and
gladly gave their' space, amounting
in the aggregate to thousands of col
umns to make it possible for us to
get the message to the people. It
was your co-operation that made the
drive a success. It is because you
did all you could that Idaho has sent
half a million dollars to bring com
fort and good cheer to her sons and
sons comrades overseas and at home
in the army cantonments.
"I congratulate you.
been loyal and generous. On behalf of
the united war work campaign, and
personally, I send to you expressions
of sincere gratitude.
"Very sincerely yours,
"EARL WAYLAND BOWMAN,
"Director of Publicty."
All hooks which have been out of the
Public Library during the influenza
quarantine must be returned immediately.
Every book must be in before Thanks
QUITS RIS JOBS
MAN WITH MANY JOBS RETIRES
TO TAKE UP PRIVATE BUSI
NESS AND REST
WASHINGTON—Giving the neces
sity for replenishing his personal for
tune as a reason, William G. McAdoo
has resigned as secretary of the
treasury, director general of the rail
roads and his resignation has been
accepted by President Wilson. Mc
Adoo said ' he had no idea who his
successor will be.
Letters between President Wilson
and Mr. McAdoo, made public today
with the announcement of the resig
nation, give Mr. McAdoo's reasons for
leaving the cabinet solely as a neces
sity for replenishing his personal for
tune and express the president's deep
regret at losing his son-in-law from
his official family.
McAdoo's Letter to President.
Mr. McAdoo's letter of resignation,
■dated November 14, follows:
"Dear Mr. President: Now that an
armistice has been signed and peace
is assured, I feel at liberty to advise
you of my desire to return, as soon
as possible, to private life.
"I have been conscious for some
time of the necessity for this step,
but, of course, I could not consider it
while the at war.
"For almost six years I have work
ed incessantly under the pressure
great responsibilities. Their exac
tions have drawn heavily on my
strength. The inadequate compensa
tion allowed by law to cabinet officers
(as you know I receive no compensa
tion as director general of railways)
and the very burdensome cost of liv
ing in Washington have so depleted
my personal resources that I am
obliged to reckon with the facts
Health Not Impaired.
"I do not wish to convey the im
pression that there is any actual im
pairment of my health, because such
is not the fact. As a result of long
overwork I need a reasonable period
of genuine rest to replenish my en
ergy. But more than this, I must, for
the sake of my family, get back
private life, to retrieve my personal
"I cannot secure the required rest
nor the opportunity to look after by
long neglected private affairs unless
I am relieved of my present responsi
"I am anxious to have my retire
ment affected with the least possible
inconvenience to yourself and to the
public service, but it would, I think,
be wise to accept my resignation now
as secretary of the treasury, to be
come effective upon the appointment
and qualification of my successor so
that he may have the opportunity
and advantage of participating
promptly in the formulation of the
policies that should govern the fu
ture work of the treasury. I would
suggest that my resignation as di
rector general of railroads become ef
fective January 1, 1919, or upon the
appointment of my successor.
"I hope you will understand, my
dear Mr. President, that I will per
mit nothing but the most imperious
demands to force my withdrawal from
public life. Always I shall cherish
as the greatest honor of my career
the opportunity you have so gener
ously given me to serve the country
under your leadership in these epochal
times. Affectionately yours,
"W. G. M'ADOO."
The president's letter of acceptance
dated November 21 follows:
"My dear Mr. Secretary: I was
not unprepared for your letter of the
14th because you had more than once,
of course, discussed with me the cir
cumstances which have long made it a
serious personal sacrifice for you to
remain in office. I knew that only
your high and exacting sense of duty
had kept you here until the immedi
ate tasks of the war should be over.
But I am none the less distressed.
shall not allow our intimate personal
relations to deprive me of the pleasure
of saying that in my judgment the
country has never had an abler, a
more resourceful and yet prudent, a
uniformly efficient secretary of
the treasury; and I say this remem
bering all the able, devoted and. dis
tinguished men who preceded you.
have kept your letter a number of
days, in order to suggest, if I could,
some other solution of your difficulty
than the one you have now felt
obliged to resort to. But I have not
been able to think of any. I can not
ask you to make further sacrifices,
serious as the loss to the government
will be in your retirement. I accept
your resignation, therefore, to take
effect upon the appointment of a suc
cessor, because in justice to you I
Admires McAdoo's SkilL
"I also for the same reason accept
your resignation as director-general
of railroads, to take effect, as you
suggest, on the first of January, next,
or when your successor is appointed.
The whole world admires, I am sure,
as I do, the skill and executive ca
pacity with which you handled the
great and complex problem of the
unified administration of the jailways
under the stress of war uses, and will
regret, as I do, to see you leave that
post just as the crest of its diffi
culty is passed.
"For the distinguished, disinterest
ed and altogether admirable service
you have rendered the country in
both posts, and especially for the way
in which you have guided the treas
+ No Sunday School Tomorrow 4 1
t - 4
♦ Dr. W. A. Adair, city health 4
4* officer, has announced there will 4*
•fr be no Sunday school in Moscow 4*
4* tomorrow. Dr. Adair said: "If 4*
4' it is unsafe to have public school 4*
4 1 next week it will be unsafe to 4*
4 1 have Sunday school tomorrow. 4
4* The little folks will flock to Sun- 4*
4* day school and this will be just 4*
4* as bad as public school. They 4 1
4* may hold church services if they 4>
4* wish, but there shall be no Sun- 4>
4» day school. 4*
4* "The situation is worse today. 4*
4» There are a number of new 4*
4* cases. A woman arrived here 4*
4" Tuesday from Kansas with her 4«
4> two children to visit relatives. 4*
4> Today she and her two children 4>
4* and her sister, whom she is visit- 4
4* ing are down with the disease. 4*
4« A woman who had not been away 4»
4» from her home since the epi -4*
4* demie began in Moscow, was 4*
4> taken down with the disease last 4>
4* night. There are several other 4*
4* new eases. It would be very 4*
4» dangerous to have Sunday school 4*
4* tomorrow." 4*
4'4'4"4 , 4 , 4 , 4 , 4 , 4-4'4 , 4-4 , 4"4*4
ditions and of the financing of a war
which has been without precedent
alike in kind and in scope, I thank
heart. Gratefully and affectionately
vours, WOODROW WILSON."
A NATIONAL GUARD
CANNOT HAVE LEGAL REGI
MENT UNTIL LEGISLATURE
MEETS IN JANUARY
BOISE.—Idaho is without a regiment
at the present time and can have none
of recognized standing until the legisla
ture passes a law accepting the terms of
the national defense act. When that is
done there will be formed in this state
the Third Idaho, to take the place of
the Second Idaho regiment, which was
■»vorn into the federal service, segre
gated and its companies divided among
engineers, machine gun and infantry
When the Idaho boys in the old Sec
ond Idaho come marching home from
the western front they will have termi
nated their length of service in both the
federalized army and the Idaho national
guard, and to create a Third Idaho regi
ment it will become necessary to build up
an entirely new organization, including
officers and enlisted' men.
Failed to Pass Act.
This information is confirmed by Ad
jutant General C. S. Moody, the author
of the militia bill presented to the last
legislature when he was majority leader,
and defeated. The legislature failed to
pass the act and thereafter failed to en
act a militia law and adjourned without
accepting the terms of the national de
Thereafter when internal trouble arose
in the state, especially the I. W. W. in
the north, Idaho found itself without
military protection because the judge ad
vocate rules that the legislature having
failed to accept on behalf of the state
the terms of the defense act, the govern
ment was powerless to do anything in
supplying equipment, etc.
Governor-elect D. W. Davis will have
as one of his important appointments an
adjutant general to succeed Adjutant
General C. S. Moody, appointed by the
present governor. It will be under the
supervision of this official that the new
regiment in this state will be organized,
providing that the legislature moves to
take advantage of the terms of the de
Two Held Eligible.
By doing this the legislature will open
the way for federal equipment and sup
port from the government amounting to
thousands of the state
Idaho cannot supply.
There are said to be only two repub
licans in the state at the present time
qualified to be appointed adjutant gen
eral. The law requires that the adjutant
general named must have served one
year as adjutant general and been a
commissioned officer for three years.
The two men are Major J. B. Burns,
present assistant adjutant general, and
A. M. Rowe of Boise. A number oi
other men now in France arc qualified,
but they are not in Idaho and it is diffi
cult to determine when they will be.
MRS. SMITH THANKS NURSES
AND HOSPITAL FORCE
In giving her statement yesterday Mrs.
N. H. Smith of Addie, Idaho, overlooked
mentioning several who had shown spe
cial favors to her sick son and asks that
these be included in her "vote of thanks."
She mentions Drs. Kotalik and Clarke.
Mrs. Kippen, . head nurse, and Miss
Hegstrom, and four orddVlies, Messrs.
Reeder, Fogg, Donahue and McGregor.
Mr. and Mrs. Smith are so well
pleased with Moscow, with the univer
sity and with the people here, that they
have decided to come to Latah county
to live, if they can sell or trade their
ranch in Boundary county. Mr. Smith
returned home yesterday and will try to
sell their place there, and if he succeeds,
they will try to buy a farm close to
Moscow. Mrs. Smith will remain here
until her son recovers his health.
BE OPENED NEXT MONDAY
INDICATIONS POINT TO IN
CREASED ACTIVITY IN THIS
COUNTY NEXT WINTER
Preparations are being made for
the resumption of mining activity in
the mining districts of the northern
and eastern parts of Latah county
in the near future. Nearly all op
erations were suspended on account
of the war making it impossible to
the war and the lelease of men^who
can be secured for this work it is
p i anne( i to not only renew but to in
The great mica mines, where a
mountain of mica, said to be one ot
the largest deposits in the United
States has been idle for months, is
to resume work, it is understood. An
eastern syndicate has secured con
trol of the" great deposit and has been
putting in new and modern machinery
and it is announced that a large
force will be kept at work there this
winter. The property is regarded as
highly valuable and will be developed
and regular shipments made.
In the Gold Hill, Hoodoo and other
districts there will be increased ac
tivity. Many properties in these dis
tricts that are regarded as valuable
have been idle or only assessment
work done on them for the past three
years, but already preparations are
being made for working these prop
erties next winter. Roads are being
cleared and supplies will be taken in
before the snow gets deep enough
to interfere with travel.
There are believed to be valuable
mineral deposits in the mountain
districts and along the rivers in this
county and development work is to
be pushed. There is still some placer
mining being done along the Palouse
river in the Hoodoo district where
many millions of dollars were taken
out more than 50 years ago and where
fair wages are still being made by a
few settlers who work the placer
grounds which have been worked over
but from which occasional
good returns are secured.
INCREASE OF WEALTH OF IDA
HO TRUST COMPANIES FOR
PAST YEAR SHOWN
The 1918 edition of "Trust Com
panies of the United States" which
is the 16th annual publication of trust
company statistics issued by the Unit
ed States Mortgage & Trust company,
New York, is now being distributed.
John W. Platten, president of the
company, says inthe preface to the
"In presenting the 1918 edition of
"Trust Companies of the United
States," attention is directed to the
gratifying statistics of the growth
and influence of these institutions for
the fiscal year just closed, during
which trust company resources reach
ed a total of $9,380,886,061, or $422,
374,214 more than a year ago'.
"It is a satisfaction to record a
large accession to the membership of
the federal reserve system from the
ranks of the trust companies, it be
ing worthy of note that of the total
above shown over 50 per
cent are held by companies now in
cluded in the system.
"Conditions directly resulting from
the great struggle in which we
engaged have stimulated fiduci
ary business to an unprecedented ex
tent in all parts of the country and
the pre-eminent fitness of these in
stitutions for the handling of this
class of business has been still fur
"Trust companies have lost no op
portunity to render loyal and whole
hearted service toward the winning
of the war, and the events of the
year have shown more clearly than
ever before their great importance
and usefulness as an integral part
in the financial structure of the na
tion." , . , ,
The 1918 book consisting of about
600 pages, contains in addition to
over 2100 statements, lists of officers
and directors, stock quotations, divi
dend rates, etc.
A recapitulation table shows that
the total resources of the trust com-
panies in Itaho amount to $10,789,877,
a gain of $731,103, or 7.2 per cent
during the past year.
Brown M. Schick, editor of The Re-
who had editorial
public at Palouse
charge of The Star-Mirror for. three
weeks during the absence of the editor in
September and October, was a Moscow .
visitor today, accompanied by his family. '
The schools of Moscow will not
open next Monday. This was decided
by the school board after consulta
tion with city and county health of
ficers at a special meeting held last
night. It was regarded as dangerous
to open school in Moscow now with
so many cases of influenza in town.
Dr. W. A. Adair reported 32 homes
in this school district in which there
is influenza and believes that if child
ren from these homes enter the
school there is danger of a spread of
the contagion. L. F. Parsons, of the
school board, made this statement:
"At a special meeting of the school
board held yesterday evening the
board decided to keep the schools of
Moscow closed for another week, ir
respective of the fact that the state
board of health has raised the quar
antine. Before making this decision
the board called in for consultation
County Health Officer Dr. Rae and
City Health Officer Dr. Adair. A
canvass of the number of infected
homes was obtained from the several
physicians of Moscow. There were
found to be 32 infected homes each
of which had one or more cases.
"After a careful consideration of
the matter it was decided by the
board that it would be more desirable
to lose one week of school than to
unnecessarily expose the children of
the district with the possibility of
loss of life. It was understood by
the board that the churches and
theatres would open the first of
week and it was deemed
desirable to wait and note the effect
on the spread of the disease. If con
ditions remain favorable the schools
will open Monday, December 2.
"The teachers of the district have
been requested to remain in the city
and refrain as far as possible from
exposing themselves to the disease
with the hope that the whole corps
may be at hand for service on De
cember 2nd and the school work pro
ceed with as great speed and as little
friction as possible."
The churches of Moscow will hold
services at the usual hours tomorrow
and the theatres will open Monday
evening. Both are preparing special
programs for the opening occasion.
The churches have been closed for six
weeks and there have been no public
meetings of any kind in Moscow in
that time. The same is true of the
theatres. Dr. W. A. Adair, city health
officer, who has consented to the
opening of churches and theatres
makes the following announcement:
"Every one who has any symptoms
of disease, even a slight cold, will
be required to remain away from the
theatres and churches. Coughing in
these public places will cause uneasi
ness if it is not actually dangerous.
No one with a cough should be ad
mitted to any of them. Persons who
have recently recovered from influ
enza should remain away from these
places for several days, at least. Un
less the greatest care is exercised
there will be grave danger of a spread
of the disease and all public meetings
will again be forbidden for an indefi
nite period. It will be well for man
agers of theatres to refuse to admit
any one with a cough, if great care
is used in the next week the danger
will be greatly lessened and every
one should cooperate to prevent an
other epidemic here."
The chamber of commerce will hold
its regular weekly noon day luncheon
at its rooms over the Orpheum theatre
next Tuesday. Secret societies will
hold their usual meetings next -week
and, aside from schools, the conditions
in Moscow will again be normal.
Conditions at the University of
Idaho are very satisfactory. There
have been no new cases in many days.
The few girls who had slight attacks
of influenza are recovering and it is
hoped that next Monday the quaran
tine can be lifted and the S. A. T. G.
men and other students will again be
permitted to come down town, at
church and theatres and make
up, in a measure, for the loss of
entertainment during the past six
weeks. It is understood that the 300
men in the vocational training corps
will leave here on December 15 to
make room for 300 others, but where
the latter will come from is not yet
SPOKANE WILL HAVE
BIG PEACE CELEBRATION
SPOKANE, Nov. 23.—Spokane and
the Inland Empire will celebrate the
war victory won by the allies and
the advent of peace with a monster
victory fete for three days beginning
Thanksgiving day, November 28.
Governor Ernest Lister of Washing-
ton will be here to participate in the
program, and invitations have been
sent to Governor Sam V. Stewart of
Montana, Governor Moses Alexander
of Idaho and Governor James Withy-
combe of Oregon. Several high mili-
tary officials are also expected to
attend. Among the features will be
the presence of the marine band from
the Mare Island navy yard.
AIRPLANE TO TRY FOR _
RECORD LONG FLIGHT
SANTA BARBARA, Cal. — Bound
for Washington, D. C., with only two
stops scheduled between start and desti
nation. No. "102," Loughead biplane, left
Santa Barbara at S :05 this morning.
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