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The Daily Star-Mirror
TOLÜMB Yin MOSCOW. LATAH COUNTY, IDAHO MONDAY, DECEMBER 9, 1918 NUMBER 6L COBLENTZ ASKS FOR AMERICAN PROTECTION American troops have been rushed to Cobkentz, one of the leading towns of that portion of Germany to be occupied by allied troops, in response to an appeal from the government of that city, as the people fear to be left without protection of an army. The German troops have been withdrawn and the populace fears an uprising of Bolsheviki before the arrival of the Americans. A large number of American troops were rushed to Coblentz by special train. The French have sent an army officer (General Du Pont) with a staff to open headquarters in Berlin. He has opened headquarters in one of the palaces formerly occupied by the French embassy. He will look after the interests of France in Germany. President Wilson spent a quiet Sunday on shipboard, attending religious services and resting much of the day. He will reach Brest on Saturday and ■will be given a royal reception everywhere in Europe. American forces continue to advance to the Rhine. They are taking pos session of the country and requiring the German people to obey the orders of the American army officers. General Pershing has issued a proclama tion to the German people assuring them of protection for their property, persons and lives but requiring them to observe the regulations laid down and to treat the Americans with respect. This order is being carried out by the Germans. 'i Following is the news received by telegraph and cable today: American Forces Reach Coblentz Today. Amsterdam, Sunday.—American fqrces are advancing toward the Rhine and will reach Coblentz Monday, according to a message from Berlin, quot ing a representative of the German foreign office who just returned from Treves. British Troops Hurry to Cologne. AIX LA CHAPELLE, Friday.—(By Associated Press.)—British troops ftfer, but the nature of the have been hurried to Cologne to maintain o trouble or it's seriousness is not stated. Brief official announcement reported that the red forces and their opponents had been rioting. In the meantime the British infantry had been advanced as far as Duren which will be en tered tonight. The British advance troops reached the Rhine yesterday between Godes berg and Cologne, General Haig announced today. Godesberg was reached today. Godesberg is about 20 miles southeast of Cologne near the Rhine, about Bonn. French Army Officer in Berlin. WASHINGTON.—The French general, Dupont has arrived in Berlin, ac cording to advices received here today, and has established headquarters in the palaces formerly occupied by the French embassy. He has been entrusted with the transportation and repatriation of French prisoners still in Germany. Washington Wants No More Notes. WASHINGTON.—The state department sent notes today to German and Austrian governments advising them that the United States desires to re ceive no further commications from them which properly should be addressed to all the allied nations. More Evidence Against Bernstorff. WASHINGTON.—More letters from the secret files of Count Bernstorff were read to the senate committee investigating brewery and German propa ganda today by Bruce Bielaski, chief of the bureau of investigation of the department of justice. Among the letters were instructions to all German consuls in the United States to get German subjects out of plants producing materials for the allies. The consuls were ordered to stop Germans above the rank of com mon laborer from working in such plants under the section of the imperial code and report to the German consulate at New York. Want Wilson to Visit Cologne, Germany AMSTERDAM.—President Wilson has been invited to visit Cologne by the Volks Zietung, of that city, which suggests that representatives of the German foreign ministry meet him there. The independent republic of Schleswig-Holstein is soon to be proclaimed, according to the Weser Zeitung, of Bremen. Elaborate Preparations to Entertain Wilson. PARIS, Sunday.—The French government is making elaborate plans for the entertainment of President Wilson. These include various state dinners and official calls, probably a gala night at the opera. The program will be completed in a few days. President Wilson, upon arrival at Bois de Boulogne station at 10 o'clock Saturday morning, will be met by President Poincaire and other government officials. He will go immediately to Murat mansion, which will be his home while, in Paris. The Wilsons will drive Monday to the Hotel de Villa. This drive will be the occasion of considerable ceremony. Wilson May Visit the Pope. PARIS.—Thomas Nelson Page, American ambassador to Italy, visited the Vatican yesterday and announced that President Wilson will pay an official visit to Pope Benedict and Cardinal Casparri, the papal secretary of state, on December 23, according to a Rome dispatch to The Temps, today. SRUIIE MD RIDE WOOED DDT WORK PULLMAN CITIZENS DID NOT TAKE TO SUGGESTIONS OF THE S. A. T. C. MEN An interesting story comes from Pull man, where 1300 S. A. T. C. men were located in the State college for special military trailing. The college is a long •distance from the businéss center and the S. A. T. C. men disliked the long walk. They wanted to ride. Scores of automobiles were on the road going to and from the college at all hours and the conceived the idea of riding when the cars were not loaded. They made a suggestion and got the Pullman news papers to advocate it. The suggestion was that the automo bilists stop and ask the soldiers to ride. The soldiers offered to salute the cars and they conceived a plan of having each car carry a placard on the wind shield hearing the words : "Salute and ride as far as we go." But the public did not take to the idea as enthusiastically as the soldiers de sired, so the soldiers had the placards printed at one of the Pullman offices and the newspapers carried notices that the placards were printed and could be had for the asking and urged the people who had cars to secure these tags and paste them on their windshields* and the sol diers would then salute the driver when they wished a ride. But the people did not call for the placards and, according to the story told The Star-Mirror by a Pullman citizen today, the cards are still at the place where they, were printed and the sol diers wnlX and from the college. Only a very fe#%tok the cards and displayed men them on their windshields. The plan has proved a failure. ■ IN STUDENTS MUST HAVE WORK IF THEY REMAIN There are a number of students in the University of Idaho, members of the S. A. T. C., who will hamto have work to pay their expentfqKif they remain in school. They wpit employment - outside of school h£hi^ , and want to earn enough to pay <|8p> way through school. These yffiog 1 came here, many of them gî^ng up fairly good positions, to enliétf irç the army and attend the univei*sity. Now that the war is over and their services as soldiers will not be neç^ied, they will be discharged from the They expected to get $30 per Afterfijhey Government to Sell Wool, r, WASHINGTON.—Wool now RJMH'by the war department is to be sold anjfub lie auction. Brigadier General 'Leonard Wood, acting quartermaster gdflehal, an nounced today. The amount to'^^jg^fer ed at each sale will be "such asi| ^the opinion of wool experts, the marmfan readily absorb. A minimum M*rve ( price has been fixed, below which ho4bids will be entertained. men army. month and sustenance. discharged from the armyTfchey will receive no pay but will havé.to their board, room and othgrfjèx These men will be demtobi are pay penses. lized December 19, 20 and 21. Jenkins, bursar of the univers! in charge of the matter of securing employment for these men. Anj&'one who can offer employment to o n^ more of these men outside of scftfool hours, so they can remain in the,uni versity until the end of the sahpol year, will please notify Mr. Jetons by telephone. This must be done* be fore the dates mentioned abJBte. Otherwise the men will be sent hoffte by the war department, and once they are sent home, few, if any of them, will return. TO icis is or i ' MOSCOW WANTS THE STUDENTS 10 SI)! CITY IS CONFRONTED WITH PROBLEM OF KEEPING THE STUDENTS IN SCHOOL The problem confronting Moscow and the University of Idaho, the city's greatest asset and the state's great educational institution, is to help scores of students who will be dis charged from the S. A. T. C. this month to remain here as students of the university. They want to stay; we want them to stay; they need the education and training they will get here and the university needs them to complete the school year. The same problem is confronting every school where an S. A. T. C. has been in augurated. W. S. C., at Pullman, U. of W., at Seattle, U. of O., Eugene, Oregon, Gonzaga, at Spokane and scores of eastern universities. The following statement from an Indiana paper tells of conditions at the In diana University, President Lindley's old school, and the same things apply here. The statement follows: Help the S. A. T. C. "Many young men came to Indiana University this fall entirely depend ent upon the government for finan cial support. Now that the S. A. T. C. is disbanding, they are ^thrown upon their own resources. They are eager to continue their studies next term, but in order to do so, they must find work to provide for board and room. During this term it has been practi cally impossible to find enough boys to fill the positions offered by the public, but from now on conditions are reversed. Some men have been ex perimenting along definite lines. All are willing to do anything worth while. "One of the functions of the Uni versity is to find employment for these students. Believing that it is very necessary for young people to receive college training in these days of reconstruction, it proposes to help as many as possible to remain in school. Consequently merchants, uni versity officials, anyone, will confer a great favor upon students and as sociation by reporting opportunities for employment. Generally the men can not work until next term, for the process of demobilization will require practically all the time left this term. "Residents who have rooms to rent should relist them, for the unorganiz ed men who leave the barracks de sire to select their lodging places be fore they leave for the Christmas va cation." ' For any information about rooms or work, telephone the bursar's of fice University of Idaho, telephone 54. RED CROSS SMS DRIVE NEXT WEEK MEMBERSHIP CAMPAIGN OPENS NEXT MONDAY—EVERY ONE EXPECTED TO JOIN The week of December 16th to the 23rd, inclusive, has been designated by the national council of defense for the annual roll call of members for the Am erican Red Cross, and during those seven days the organization will sell for one dollar each memberships in the Red Cross. It is the earnest hope of the Red Cross that there will be renewals of the 22,000,000 memberships taken out last and that there will be millions of members added to the list. Unless some unforeseen crisis should it is not anticipated now by the year new arise, national war council that any further drive need be made during the coming for Red Cross funds ; and if the year membership reaches the grand total hoped for, it is most unlikely that the American public will be approached to contribute to a spring drive as has been heretofore the custom, « f n Latah county the drive has been put ife charge of H. H. Simpson. Mr. Simp Mn received from headquarters an jiftindant supply of printed matter, post pins, seals, and window cards. These jffave already been distributed throughout jw county among the various precinct Ssbtains. the same machinery being em pfoyed for this drive as has been used council of defense in previous war aSivities. "We are all ready to begin the drive on tjie appointed day," stated Mr. Simpson, tp, ; a',. Star-Mirror reporter. "Latah cteunty is expected to enroll at least nine tfibnsand members, and with ' the great ifecqfd' of the Red Cross not only in war ifut in civilian relief measures during the influenza epidemic, I do not think it will tfc .hard to get every man, woman and (jhjld. on the list. There is surely not left, one American citizen who is not \Jrcll informed as to the magnificent wel fpte • w5rk* of the Red Cross and who defes nbt Jeel like expressing that grafi tfflle:- by taking out an annual memher sHp at the low price of one dollar. The wV tfUf,-.ought to go especially big in ' 'a and Latah county where we iftve Flu! such a favorable chance to sec tfc. Red Cross actually engaged in its selfish relief work. What the Red (fross did for the S. A. T. C. in Moscow ajpne should inspire every person in this cSunty.Jp support the organization." | -TO . Travel on all railroads running to and tlycmgh Moscow is very light, being lighter than ever known at this season or the year. It is believed that fear of influenza is one cause of the light travel. OSG FARMERS' UNION CONVENTION AT SPOKANE IS POSTPONED The convention of the Farmers' Union and other farmer organiza tions and of farmers not members of any organization which was to have been held at Spokane beginning to morrow, has been indefinitely post poned on account of the influenza situation. All public meetings have been forbidden in Spokane, where there has been a new outbreak of the disease due, it is thought, to the big crowds gathered there for the peace celebration. Fourteen deaths were re ported in Spokane as a direct result of influenza, Saturday, the largest record for one day since the epidemic began. People from outside towns are requested to remain away from Spokane until the situation clears up. It is known that several cases of in fluenza in Moscow now were con tracted at the peace celebration in Spokane 10 days ago. " . S. A. T. G. MEN NOT BLANKS FOR DEMOBILIZATION OF THE YOUNG SOLDIERS HAVE NOT ARRIVED None of the S. A. T. C. men were discharged from the University of Idaho today. It had been planned to begin demobilization of the vocational training men today and continue for three days in order that they would not crowji the railroads in leaving for their homes, but the papers have not been received here yet and the men cannot be discharged until the neces sary blanks and rports are received. It had been planned to send the 100 men from Wyoming home this morn ing but today it is not known when demobilization will begin. The men will continue their work the same as if the war had not ended, until the necessary blanks arrive when they will be discharged in accordance with the prearranged program, the Wyom ing men going first, south Idaho men the next day and the north Idaho men the following day. It is believed that the blanks for the class A men who are taking the academic course, as well as the military course, will come before the time set for demobi lizing them, beginning December 19. Many of the class A men desire to remain in the university and com mittees are now at work trying to secure homes for them and work so that those who are without funds may be able to pay their way with work outside of schools hours and re main in the university for the school year. Of the 500 young men in class A of the S. A. T. C., who came here as soldiers, expecting to draw $30 per month and sustenance while attending school ,a very small per cent have sufficient funds to carry them through the school year if they have to pay t for board and room and all other ex penses. Efforts are bing made to find places for these men where they can earn enough outside of school j hours to pay their expenses for the remainder of the term. It is believed that a large per cent of them will re main for the rest of the school year if they can earn their way through school. TO POTLATCH ARMY OFFICERS RETURN FORMER SCHOOL SUPERINTEND ENT AND A. H. FREDERICK SON GET COMMISSIONS was 1 sioner, as his temporary secretary. POTLATCH.—Lieut. R. S. Chambers, formerly superintendent of the Potlatch schools, was the first of Potlatch's boys in the service to return home. He re ceived a commission of second lieuten ant at Camp Pike, Ark., where he at tended officers' training school. Lieut. A. N. Frederickson has returned to Potlatch having received his discharge at Camp Taylor. Lieut. Frederickson left with the first contingent of drafted men in September, last year, for Camp Lewis and was soon afterwards top sergeant in the heavy artillery corps. He later sent to Camp Taylor and re ceived a commission of second lieutenant at the officers' training school there. Mrs. Frank Geisler, who is a teacher in the grade school, has recovered from a recent attack of influenza and pneu monia and will resume her classes today. Miss Fretha Swedland, a teacher in the Bovill school, has been substituting. The Bovill schools have not yet been opened on account of the epidemic still raging there. Miss Ruth Pederson, sister of Mrs. Geisler, has also recovered from an attack of the "flu." w, -l' STATE OFFICERS-ELECT SELECT ASSISTANTS BOISE. — State Auditor-elect Ward Gallet announced today the appointment of George H. Lewis as deputy state au ditor and James Munroe as deputy state examiner. Both are republicans. Lewis deputy under former State Auditors Stephen D, Taylor and Fred L. Huston. Munroe is present deputy examiner under Auditor Vandusen. Lewis is from Bannock county and Munroe, from Can yon county. Governor-elect D. W. Davis has named J. K. White, pure food commis KILLED IN THE WOHLD WAR In this table showing the men in arms, the lives lost, and the total cas ualties of the leading nations involved in the war, the list of killed fol lows in general figures gathered by the New Vork Evening Post. The other lists follow the compilation of a writer in the New York Tribune, and both lists have been corrected by official reports issued since the original estimates were made. All of the totals, except those of the Unit ed States, Great Britain, Italy, and Germany, are unofficial. Men in Arms 3,704,700 7,500,000 0 , 000,000 5,000,000 14,000,000 350,000 300,000 600,000 11 , 000,000 7,500,000 1,500,000 1 , 000,000 Lives Lost 53,169 658,665 1,160,000 600,000 3,600,000 50,000 160,000 200,000 1,680,000 2 , 000,000 250,000 50,000 Total Casualties 236,117 3,049,991 4,000,000 2 , 000,000 5,000,000 300,000 200,000 300,000 4,000,000 4,500,000 750,000 200,000 United States .. Great Britain .. France . Italy . Russia . Belgium . Servia . Roumania . Germany . Austria-Hungary Turkey . Bulgaria . Totals "Let us visuaize a march of the British dead down Fifth Avenue,'' suggests a writer in the New York Tribune, in an endeavor to make the staggering casualty lists of the war more real than mere figures can make them. "At daybreak they start, twenty abreast. Until sundown they march . . . and the next day, and the next and the next. For ten days the British dead pass in review. For eleven days more the French dead file down the 'Avenue of the Allies.' For the Russians it would require the daylight of five weeks more. Two months and a half would be required for the Allied dead to pass a given point. The enemy dead would require more than six weeks.'' For four months men actually killed in the war, passing steadily twenty abreast—the writer suggests, as a fitting punish ment for the late German kaiser, that he be forced to stand at attention and review this stupendous ghastsly procession, from the first rank to the last. Our own casualty lists, continuing to arrive after the signing of the armistice, "have struck the only som ber note" in our general thankfulness. The official figures, giving 53,169 dead and 179,625 wounded in a total casualty list of 236,3.17, are more than double those which semi-official ad vices from Washington had led the country to expect, and many editors protest against the War Department's policy of suppression. "An explana tion seems to be due," declare the New York Evening Post and the St. Louis Globe-Democrat, and the New York Globe offers a detailed indict ment of this "cruel policy." "Six months ago the War Depart ment gave solemn assurances that it would be frank with the American people. It has not been. No one will contend for an instant that it has not known, and long known, the truth, "Having been guilty of deliberate suppression, it does not lessen its of fense by suddenly plumping out the , . . gross figures of a tripled list. Giving no names and only stating totals, it has brought cruel anxiety to approxi mately 2,000,000 American house holds. Each is wondering whether its loved one is included in the unpub lished list. Having deceived the coun try for several months, it would seem as if there might have been persist ehce in the deceit until the names were available and could be communi cated to the bereft. Every family which has not heard from its absent members since the close of hostilities now sits in fear because the War De partment, recognizing that the truth must soon come out, suddenly resolved to confess and was so desirous of es caping from its embarrassment that it did not care about anything else. "Not an hour should be lost in col lecting and transmitting casualty in formation. If the cables are clogged the lists should be put aboard the fast est ship of the Navy. It is nearly two weeks since the last shot was fired, and even tho there were no cables the War Department by this time should know who have been lost. Leaving out of view the insult to the American people, the War Depart ment's policy has most reprehensibly assailed the peace of mind of count less homes." Nevertheless publicists almost with out exception are agreed, "in proper tion to the forces engaged and the results obtained, our final casualty list is not greater than might have been expected." "Coming upon a field where dogged courage fairly matched long preparation and iron discipline, it was the part of the Americans ONE OF IDAHO'S GREATEST WEALTH PRODUCING RE SOURCES SHORT OF HELP The mining industry as a whole has been gunning short handed for the past six months or a year. Many small mines have been forced to close due to shortage and high cost of labor and material. By spring and early summer it believed conditions will be such that many of these small mines can again operate and the larger mines will be position to take on additional in a men. 68,514,700 10,091,834 24,536,108 turn the scale," the New York World points out. "It was a costly service. . . . Song and story will never cease to immortalize the price these fifty thousand Americans, with heads held high and hearts undaunted, paid for the freedom of the nations." The Chicago Evening Post comments: "America was prepared in spirit to spend greatly for the cause of hu manity. Her sons would have died in number! equal to those of Britain or of France had occasion demanded. From such sacrifices we were spared. Let this thought make hearts tender and sympathty generous when we think of those who paid, without mur muring, the greater price." "Our men were purposely placed at one of the most vital and difficult points of the line and told to hack their way through," the New York Evening Sun observes, and finds much consolation in the conviction that the "long, bitter, murderous struggle" which - resulted was merciful in the end: "It was a wise policy, this policy of forcing the fighting, and in the end it saved lives. For it crusht the enemy's line, crusht his resisting power, crusht his purpose and will to fight on. It detracts nothing from the glory of our brave allies to say that it was the desperate onslaughts the Argonne more than any other one thing which ■ broke the heart of the German Army." Our total sacrifice of human life practically the same as that of Canada, which has one thirteenth of population, and only slightly greater than that credited to the little Belgian Army of 350,000, of whom 300,000, according to one authority, were listed as casualties. The British official casualty list of 3,049,991, in cluding 658,665 killed and 2,391,326 wounded, is generally considered sur prizingly large, in view of Great Britain's "contemptible little army" at the beginning of the war. The Pittsburg Dispatch comments on this " recor d that compels the admiration 0 £ t h e wor id." «j t j las been too often forgotten her the in was our -Western Front Great Britain has had to ma i n t a in armies and fight battles on more anc j widely separated fronts than any ot b er belligerent of the Al j ieS- British casualty figures will be worth remembering on December 7, the day set apart for America to do honor t0 her British Allies in the war £ or human freedom." French, in conformity with their policy of "proud silence" throughout the war, ' have thus far j ssue d no casualty list, but most au thorities are agreed that the total can not be less than 4,000,000. One au thority, attempting "an estimate of France's sacrifice in a roundabout way, reaches the conclusion that the French actually killed on the West Front number one and a quarter mil lions, 1,580,000 killed, 260,000 whose fate, according to the Vorwärts of Berlin, i s unknown, and 4,000,000 wounded, is considered conservative by several commentators. Italy's official report shows a total 0 f 5,000,000 men called to arms out 0 f a total population of 36,000,000. "This figure," according to a dispatch from Rome, "showing that Italy's total mobilization reached 14 1-2 per cent of her entire population, it is believed, will surpass that of any other allied nation." Italian casual ties amounted to about 2,000,000, of whom 400,000 were killed in battle, and 100,000 died of disease or other toJcaiisgg^j^grary Digest. Germany's official list, giving Of course this theory is predicted on the fact that there will be a con tinued demand for western copper and other metals. It also illustrates in a most forcible manner the neces sity of maintaining and encouraging the mining industry and as soon as possible relieving it from hampering influence of war regulations, etc. Copper producers have suggested that the government buy present floating supply of copper at official price and then leave the business without further attempt to regulate prices. The general public is deeply inter ested in prosperity of the mines as they are one of our greatest distrib utors of wealth and employers of la bor at good wages. Viscious tax measures and uncalled for regulation can make or break this industry.—The Manufacturer.