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The Daily Star-Mirror > i MOSCOW. LATAH COUNTY, IDAHO TUESDAY, DECEMBER 31, 1918 VOLUME VIII NUMBER 79 THE RUSSIAN SITUATION CAUSES ALARM B The Russian situation is still causing much trouble and is the leading peature in today's news reports. The Bolsheviki continues to fight and has made gains in some places while the allies have made gains in others. The Black sea is now controlled by the allies. President and Mrs. Wilson left England today for France and will go from Paris to Rome where they will be the guests of the king and queen of Italy. Italy has a cabinet crisis which is expected to delay the opening of the peace conference for a week. The cable and telegraphic news recieved today follows: Russian Peasants Revolt Against Bolsheviki. PARIS.—The peasants' attitude in the Moscow region has been alarming the Lenine government, according to the Journal's Petrograd correspondent. Early in December he reports the peasants actively revolted and it was a -week before they were subdued. r Russian Situation is More Favorable. WASHINGTON.—Favorable reports on the situation in the Archangel re gion of Russia where some unofficial accounts have pictured northern Rus sify allied and American forces as facing destruction as the hands of the Bofsheviki in overwhelming forces have been given to the state department by G. A. Martiuszine, representing the Archangel government here. It is officially stated that Martiuszine has conferred with Acting Secretary Polk and his information showed the situation well in hand from all standpoint's. Volunteer Army Advances in Ukraine. CONSTANTINOPE.—(By Associated Press.).—The volunteer army and the French forces are advancing from Rumania thruogh Bessarabia toward Kiev, the Ukranian capital, according to an Odessa report received here. Hindenberg Wants British to Occupy Berlin. LONDON.—Field Marshal von Hindenberg has telegraphed the German industrial magnates saying he will support the British occupation of Berlin, according to a Berlin dispatch to The Mail. President and Mrs. Wilson Leave England. LONDON.—President and Mrs. Wilson left Victoria station at 9:18 this * i X l morning aboard a special train enroute to Paris. King Geoerge, Queen Mary and. the Duke of Cannough accompanied the Wilsons to the station. Premier Lloyd George was on the platform and saw them depart. The Scots Guards formed a guard of honor and the Irish Guards' bands played. DOVER.—President Wilson and party sailed from Dover for Calais at 11:20 o'clock today. The presidential train reached Dover at 11 a. m. and -r, . v. . little time was lost in boarding the steamer Brighton. The morning was raw and cold with a sharp wind blowing from the east, whipping the chan nel into white caps and indicating the crossing would likely be a rough one. President to Visit Italy Next. _ lnT _ . . . -r, ., , . n ixt a PARIS.—Plans for the departure of President Wilson for Rome Wednes day night will not be affected by the Italian cabinet crisis which is said to be purely political. PARIS. The resignation of three Italian ministers may delay the open ing of the preliminary peace conference until January 15, according to the Italian Ministers Resign. Echo de Paris. Allies Control Black Sea. '* CONSTANTINOPLE.—(By Associated Press.)—The allied forces are now in control of the Black sea coast. The British have occupied Batoum and connected the pipeline with Baku, according to announcement received hero. Germany Refuses Request of Poles. LONDON.—Germany has refused to accede to the demand of the Poles -that the Polish troops be permitted to use the railroads from the Polish borders to Vilna, according to a Warsaw dispatch to The Mail. The Berlin government based its refusal on the ground that permission from the en t tente powers is necessary. Want 250,000 More Men for Navy. WASHINGTON.—Secretary Daniels asked the house naval committee to day to provide for a temporary increase in the naval personnel of 250,000 men for the year beginning next July and leaving the question of permanent place and time of personnel to be determined later. He also sought authority to transfer 1,000 officers among the naval reserves force to permanent naval establishment and asked a provision making permanent war time pay in creases for the men. Sinn Feiners to Be Released. LONDON.—The release of all Sinn Feiners interned in England is ex pected virtually at once. Count Flunkett, Sinn Feiner elected to parliament in the recent ballotting has already been released. Pershing Sejids More Soldiers Home. WASHINGTON.—General Pershing notified the war department today that additional units with a total strength of approximately 15,000 men have been assigned for early convoy home. These units include the 359th, 230th infantry of the 83rd division, with oyer 50 officers and 3400 men each and the fourth regiment of the air service, including about 16 aero squadrons. />■ KAISER'S FUNERAL r ISSUE INVITATIONS AND PROM ISE TO FUMIGATE STREETS AhTER CEREMONIES LOS ANGELES, Cal.—Residents of *he city of Ghent, Belgium have pro claimed the '"death" of the former •German kaiser. Satire has been cal led into play by the citizens of the village ground under the Prussian heel for more thàh four years, in a black-bordered funeral notice for Wil - liam Hohenzollern, recently issued. A copy has been received here bv ■Charles Winsell, Belgian vice-consul, whose brother was a shopkeeper of Ghent. The "death notice," printed with a heavy black border, reads, translated from the French as follows: "The very noble, greatly abused, hut indomitable Madame Belgium and her brave children—Albert, the Invincible ; Elizabeth, heroine ; Leopold the intrepid; Charles, the valorous; Mafie-Jose, the gracious (these are .the king and queen of Belgium and their children) the loyalist-unionist Flemish family and their parents; Wallonia, the true, have the immense joy of announcing the death of their jailer and tyrant—the despicable murderer, thief, felon and Prussian who died from indigestion, caused by his many robberies and burglaries ■committed with the help of shameful lies and after a reign of four years of brigandage, he was smothered by his own crimes, to the great relief o' humanity. "Thanksgiving services will be held ■In the openair the day of his burial, in the public sewer. The following -apimaU will be slaughtered at the àltar of peace: "Guilliot, (Title of reproach for 'William) his son, Fritz, robber of private houses; Admiral von Kfisch; ( * k y (von Tirpitz) the never fighter, ■Krupp, the manufacturer. "Remember him in your curses. Funeral services will be held at the undertakers, Allies Brothers, Rue Al sace-Lorraine, No. 100 Milliards. "The streets where the funeral will passe will be disinfected with Yser water." PRESIDENT LINDLEY WILL GO TO BALTIMORE Dr. E. H. Lindley, president of the University of Idaho, leaves in a few days for Baltimore, Maryland, to at tend the annual meeting of the presi dents of land grant colleges, from January 7 to 10. The meeting will be a very important one for it will take up the problem of reconstruc tion work after the war. Dr. Lindley will deliver an address on "The Land Grant Colleges and the War Work." Following the Baltimore meeting he will attend a convention of university extension workers at Chicago on Jan uary 12. He will probably visit sev eral schools in the middle west before returning to Moscow. This is the first time in many weeks that Dr. Lindley will have been on a train, as he has been confined to Moscow by the many heavy responsibilities incident to the S. A. T. C. and the influenza situa tion here. SAYS INDEMNITY HAS BEEN AGREED UPON BERLIN.—The question of indem nities has been settled between Ger many and the United States and the allies, and German delegates signed the armistice on condition that there should be restrictions to indemnities, according t,> Mathias Erzberger, speaking here to War damages and war costs, he said, must be borne by each nation itself un less expressly mentioned in the notes which were exchanged Germany being obliged to indemnify districts she occu pied in France and Belgium and to pay all losses inflicted upon the civilian population. WOUNDED SOLDIER TELLS Of Ï. M. C. A. HERO, OF DAVENPORT, WASH., MODESTLY RECITES THRILL ING EXPERIENCE After undergoing five operations in hospitals in France and one since get ting back to the United States, dur ing which times surgeons had him under ether and were probing around in his anatomy after bits of shrapnel ranging in size from a pea to a slug nearly two inches long taken from his lungs, Howard Knapp is spending a short furlough at the home of his mother, Mrs. Ida Knapp, still nursing a wounded foot, but otherwise look ing fit as a fiddle. But the scars are there, great ugly scars that he will carry all through life, and the left foot is bothering the ! army surgeons because they don't know whether or not they can save it, a bit of shrapnel finding its way to the bone, being one of the eight or ■more pieces dug out of him, and yet he says: "I was pretty lucky, no bones were 'broken and with the exception of my toot 1 teel ail right. Ihe tellow by I my g .j de wag jjjUgj outright." j Mr. Knapp was wounded near Sois 'sons .im j > in tne oig drive that j hixrned the Germans back from their, advance on Pans, being with the ma j rlnes> or one of the common ly called . "devil dogs." He was struck by a high explosive shrapnel, the largest piece striking him in the breast, cut £ n r f ie ? r< £ gl \f s ^frt poc"then through his identification tag, sever ing it in halves, and was found in his lungs. He lay on the battle field for two hours, was then carried to the , r , ear by stretcher bearers to the field hospital. He was wounded about 11 o'clock a. m. and at 8 p. m. was started from the field to Paris where he was placed in the American Red Cross military hospital No. 5 and it | was 6 o'clock the morning of the 21st before the surgeons began to probe for the iron in him. He was in Paris : three weeks, then taken to until September 6 at Base Hospital No. 8, then to Brest to Base Hospital No. 5 for a few days, then across to New York and was sent to Bremerton November 12 where he is still under the care of the army surgeons. He landed in France June 1 and five days after was on the fighting line, starting in at Belleau woods on the Chateau Thierry front, hence he was With the marines that turned the tide of battle in what is recognized as the greatest fighting of the war. "There is no question but that the Germans thought they would come right through and go on into Paris," They were dressed up in their best clothes, the troops all spick and span and in the best of spirits when the fighting began. Of course how it ended is now known by every-. For eighteen days, when he was wounded, the marines had been hold ing their ground, not attempting to advance, but checking the continual onrush of the Germans who kept com ing wave after wave, which were mowed down. When wounded he was advancing With his company, using a French automatic rifle, which weighs about twenty pounds, firing 18 shot's. Asked about the Red Cross and Y. M. C. A., Mr. Knapp stated that he had never heard a word of anything but praise for the Red Cross, but that the Y. M. C. A. had got in bad with the boys because of its exhorzitant charges for goods furnished. For in stance, he cited a case where, to his knowledge, a soldier had paid 30 cents for a package of Bull Durham to bacco, and 25 cents for Camel cigar ettes, and had talked with a number of wounded soldiers since returning to this country who criticized the Y. M. C. A. severely.—Davenport Times Tribune. ■■ he states. 10 Are You Presentf 5 I Si; I* « > 0 r 3s? S )i 3' J® \ I Vi u. . 1 si R 41 & m AI j BOISE.—A bill providing that all persons over 1Ç years of age who cannot read and write the English language, shall attend night school for a certain number of hours each school year until such knowledge is .attained, and making financial pro vision for such schools in all districts was unanimously indorsed by the members in attendance upon the con ference of superintendents and prin cipals and of the executive board of the Idaho State Teachers' association, at the closing sessions Saturday. This bill was recommended by the Americanization committee of the State Council of Defense through its chairman, President G. A. Axline of the Albion normal, and is modeled closely after the Wyoming bill. 3.12 per cent, county has 695 and Bannock county 475. Many Should Be Taught. The last official census of Idaho shows that the state has 5453 persons above the age of 10 years who are il literate or 2.2 per cent. . Of illiterate males of voting age there are 3415 or Of this number Ada Most of the illiteracy of this state it is believed, is among the foreign born who may . be able to read and • write their own languages, but not 1 the English language. It is believed age of this bill by the B - - Pocatello Start AccorHino- tn HUcnssinn hrono-ht out at the conference Bo°se and Po cabe u 0 are ^ be ordy two cities in the rf^rt to hoÄooTsI or forlorn adldts The Idaho Technical Institute, accord i ng to N. B. Adison, acting pre sident, has conducted a successful n jg bb school for the last two years, ^he presen t ye ar showing an increas ed membership. , ' . ., , , , , W hde of the students have co ™ simply for reading, writing and arithmetic, some have taken the auto mechanics course and other industrial studies. Greek, Japanese, Italian, Swedish and colonies. This President that the coming legislature will do much to raise the standard of citizenship throughout the entire state which, ac cording to the last census, has for eign born to the number of 40 per cent. The pupils are from the f^an year Edison hopes to interest the foreign b ° rn m an aft ? rno ° n £ lasa along the lines planned by the Good Citizenship club and Y. W. C. A. of ßo i,® e - ... ... , The committee presenting the rec ommendations of the Wyoming bill was composed of N. B Adison chair fan. President Elliott of theLewis *° n . n0 ™» 1 » Superintendent Shank of Idab ° Fal f> Superintendent Clifford of Caldwell and President Axline of AJ £, ! , on ' ... , , The reports on the federal educa t'?? bl11 known as the Smith bill which provoked much discussion at the conference, by a committee com posedl of Superintendent Rose, Super intendant Brock, Superintendent Cum nun*» and County Superintendent Miller, ation haying considered the proVis ions of the educational bill designated as ,S. B , 4987 ™. w be i° re con gress, and having weighed the arguments for and against such measure, hereby resolve, "That we favor the creation of an executive department in the govern ment to be called the department of; education, with a secretary of educa tion who is to be the head thereof, and a member of the president's cab inet: "That we favor the transfer to the department of education of all offices, bureaus, divisions, boards or branches of the U. S. government devoted to educational matters which cancern the United States as a whole; That we favor the federal appro priation of monies to the states for the abolition of illiteracy, for the Americanization qf immigrants, for the equalization of educational oppor tunities, for the promotion of physi (Continued on oage four) MOSCOW TELEPHONE HATES WILL NOT BE INCREASED SOLDIERS MUST ... _ , tified as to the reasons for the change in American attitude, as it seems they noï e be d so^stric 1 ! 6 ÆXtÂ French. In action.Propa^dists people to be friendly to thf Ameri attitude of 6 friendlfness h °mieht 3 have ättituQ6 of iiiendllness iici \0 some effect on ^psets®Routine tl<>nS ' Liquor Ban Upsets Routine. The prohibition of the sale of al cohohc liquors of any kind and the restrictions on light wines has upset the ordinary routine of the Germans and has resulted in some cafes clos ing, in the discharge of restaurant orchestras and in grocery stores with drawing stocks from their windows. The postal censorship as imposed by the American decree for the con- i duct of Germans within the area of j occupation became effective Sunday. | I,The censorship does not apply to mail 1 for circulation within the occupied area, but all letters and packages for points outside the area must pass IGNORE WOMEN ORDER ISSUED TO MEMBER OF AMERICAN ARMY OF OCCU PATION IN GERMANY COBLENZ, Sunday, Dec. 29.—(By Associated Press.)—An order has issued to the American soldiers that an officer or soldier who speaks to a German woman does so at the risk of courtmartial. The dinner hour in Coblenz and throughout the American zone of oc cupation has been advanced from one to two hours. In restaurants and ho tels the evening meal is now eaten without music. These changes are regarded as necessary because of the recent American order that the sale and gift of light wines be prohibited except within certain hours in the evening. Several days of the operation of restricted regulations has produced some mumb ii ng by the Germans, There has been no open protest, but many of the people appear to be mys ,through the censorship. All incom ing mail also is censored. Talk to Berlin. Daily telephone conversations be tween Berlin and the headquarters of 4he Third American army in Coblenz took place recently. The conversa tions have been in connection with the work of the interallied armistice çommission. All wires between Berlin and the American area of occupation except two were severed Saturday in accord ance with the terms of the American occupation decree. German war material to be turned over to the Americans by January I continues to arrive. Among arms surrendered are 100,000 rifles, 20,000 of which were captured from the al iies. The heavy artillery includes two six-inch guns, manufactured in 1873, but used on the front during the latter days of the war. Both guns were in first class condition. At Matternick, near Coblenz, Amer soldiers have taken charge of jean 75,000 fancy dress helmets intended for officers of the Eighth German army. Many Idle in Coblenz. The steadily increasing number of un employed men in Coblenz and other towns in the occupied area is causing American officers anxiety. Many of tbe idle men are discharged German sol diers. An official count made Satur day by the burgomaster showed 500 lab and 350 skilled workmen idle. Efforts are being made to restore dis charged soldiers to prewar occupations, Reports from the country indicate there is plenty of work there, but of ficials have found difficulty in inducing laborers to leave the city. More than 200,000 yards of gray Ger uniform cloth has come into the orers man hands of the Americans from the ware houses at Cobelnz. In a warehouse across the Moselle river from this city Americans have found 80,000 pounds of shoe leather and machinery for re pairing shoes. AUTOMOBILE LICENSE FEES ARE DUE TOMORROW The total automobile license fees collected in Latah county for 1918 is $22,000 in round numbers. Of this two-thirds is kept in the county and one-third is remitted to the state. 1350 were licensed for 1918, and 1950 for 1917. All auto license fees are due and payable on and after January 1st. Automobile owners are not sup-1 posed to appear in public without first having a new license. We have had jst. Automobile owners are not sup cense for the new year with the view of getting the old number again for the new year. Dr. E. T. Baker has had No. 600 for three years, and is asking for it again this year. A. W. Laird of Potlatch had No. 1918 last year and .is asking for 1919 for the new year. He says that by having this number it enables him to remem ber the year. The Fashion Shop will be closed all day tomorrow, New Year's; the Hub will close at noon. The effort of the Moscow Telephone & Telegraph company, owners of the telephone system in Moscow and ad jacent country, to have the rates on Moscow business telephones increased will be abandoned. This notice was received by Mayor Warren Truitt from A. T. West, president of the company, whose home is at Daven port, Wash. Mr. West says he has notified the public utilities commis sion of the withdrawal of his applica tion for increased rates for Moscow telephones and will not ask that the rates for these be increased. But he announces that he will con tinue the application for an increase in the rates charged for rural tele phones radiating from Moscow. These telephone lines are owned by the patrons but have connection with the Moscow "central" and have been charged $3 per year, or 25 cents a. month for the service. Mr. West will ask the commission for authority to increase this to $6 per year or 50 cents per month and will press the application. He contends that the rate given Moscow rural lines is be low that charged for the same serv ice in any other town in the north west and that it is below acual costt. He will file a new application for per mission to increase rates on rural lines but wi ij ask n0 increase for telephones in Moscow ^ £ Pf I?" tSone ^compa^. ^Thte movement, to eliminate the city tele fu« orwviî^oHnn titJit transfer the fight to the rural patrons the telephone system and eliminate ^ person ^ inter 4 st of the city pat The dae 0 f t he new hearing fixed the commissio n and Moscow patr ons will be notified. The . probab ] y be held in Mos "eanug WU1 u * DECLARED EIGHT PER CENT cow. ■ Rl HAD A GOOD TEAR DIVIDEND ON PREFERRED | STOCK FOR THE YEAR | — The Moscow Fire Brick company has had a prosperous year. At a meeting last evening, the Moscow Fire Brick & Clay Products company passed a , olution ordering an 8 per cent dividend j on the outstanding prcfered stock of i the company, payable quarterly. The company is running along stead jiy, an d has several large orders ahead, ' During the last year they have strutted an additional dryer 41) by 112 i feet, and a new kiln for the burning of tire brick. This gives the company three kilns. The fire brick have with stood every practical test to which they bave been submitted and are being used by SO me of the largest manufacturers ; n the country. They have also passed other tests which will mean at least doubling the output of the company in tbe near future, but the nature of this business the directors declined to give out f or publication, rcs con WOULD REDUCE OCEAN RATES FOR SHIPPING WASHINGTON, Dec. 30.—Secre bary 0 f Commerce Redfield today ar ranged conferences with officials of the operation division of the ship ping board with the announced object 0 f obtaining lower rates on water transportation between Pacific coast ports of the United States and points . in Japan and China. Mr. Redfield said investigations made by firms intending to supply railroad equipment to the orient showed that water rates from the Pacific coast to eastern ports ranged from $50 to $60 per ton, while rates on the same materials from Liver pool to the same ports ranged around $12 per ton. The shipping board has indicated that it did not consider a reduction from the United States possible at this time. Mr, Redfield cabled a protest to Chair man Hurley in Paris, and arranged for conferences with officials of the board here. LAST NIGHT THE COLDEST OF THE WINTER SEASON Last night was the coldest experi enced here this winter. The night was clear and cold, with no wind blow ing. The mercury began to drop be fore supdown and continued until 5 o'clock this morning. The lowest point reached here is reported as 12 degrees below zero at one place in town. Other places reported from two to eight below. At Willis' drug store, on Main street, the thérmo meter, hung on a pole away from any building, registered eight below at 6 o'clock and two below at 7:30. It has grown s" ily warmer since 5 o'clock this mu.: ; and today has been bright and pleasant, although the air is quite cold. A few cases of water pipes freez ing were reported and plumbers were kept busy today, but many families anticipated the cold night and kept fire burning. No other damage i* reported.