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Ic^dLJöUöüt a The ONE REAL SALE of the SEASON Starts Tuesday at 0 B I# n 0 >0 & t a. m « m b Eleventh Semi-Annual $10.00 Clearance IS B 0 A Sale of Strictly New Up-to advertised await the-Minute Garments |at you. Come! Plenty of Scores of Surprises not Guaranteed Prices, help to wait on you quickly! s B m 0 The Fashion Shop 0 B B WHERE PRICE AND QUALITY MEET" 0 "WHERE PRICE AND QUALITY MEET" 0 B mbnlafD t v The rules and regulations recently laid down by the health officer to stamp out the influenza which is * prevalent are causing considerable discussion, and there are a number of people that object thereto. It is believed that these objections ^ largely due to the lack of understand ing as to the reasons therefore, and inasmuch as these reasons are of a scientific nature, based upon bacteri alogical knowledge, the Star-Mirror has had prepared an article, which is published herewith, with the hope that it will be of service to its patrons in giving them a better understanding of the reasons for the quarantine and assist them in protecting themselves and other members of the community from the spread of this disease which has caused more deaths than the cent war and all other epidemics that have prevailed in our country many years past. ' The Whyfore of Quarantine Rules. During the past year the disease known as influenza has become pan J demie throughout the world. It has developed and spread to such now are re for an ex tent that it is now considered a plague. The death rate in some lo caliries has been enormous. The mor bity among our soldier boys has been greater than that caused by bul lets and other diseases combined. The disease developed and spread so rap idly that it caused chaos to prevail in the minds of the health officers and the public at large. The specific or ganism causing the disease is not known to scientists, therefore, the medical professions and health of ficers have been unable to develop a specify preventative or curitive agent for the same. Until such time as the organism producing the disease can be isolated and its life habits specifi cally determined no specific way of combating can be provided. While the organism that produces influenza is not known, it has been determined that influenza is an in fectious disease, a disease caused by a living organism, which can undoubt edly- be classed as a bacteria, thus, until more specific knowledge is had, the medical professions and health of ficers can only use those precautions that have been found effective in the combating of other bacterial diseases, This they are endeavoring to do by the untilization of quarantine rules that have been found effective in the control of smallpox, scarlet fever, measles, mumps, etc. The quarantine rules for these various diseases are modified in accordance with the se ^v erity and degree of the contagion '^Rmssessed by each, they are also modi fied in accordance with the mode of infection and transmission of the di sense. It is not the purpose of this article to deal with the various modifications of these quarantine rules laid down : as for the several diseases, but to deal more especially with the general principles of the quarantine régula tions that have been found effective in preventing bacterial infection and to show the reasons therefore. A knowledge of what bacteria are, how they produce diseases and how they are transmitted from one indi vidual to another is essential to un- j derstand the reasons for the quaran time regulations. Bacteria are the smallest form of life known to scientists. It is com monly said that one thousand of them can dance upon the point of a pin without inconvenience. They are found everywhere, in the air, in the soil, in streams, lakes and oceans and they are carried about from one place to another by the winds, by the move ment of all articles of commerce, the movement of people and other ani mals, birds and reptiles from one place to another. But relative few of the known bacteria produce disease, Each of these have a specific method of entering the human form, and pro duce certain reactions therein. No one can have diptheria without the diptheria germ present. The small pox germ -will produce smallpox only, the organism of measles will produce measles and not mumps. The bac teria that produce diseases in the hu man body are those that find in the human body the necessary nutriment and conditions favorable for their growth and multiplication, in the same sense that a wheat kernel finds the proper nurishment in the soil for i its growth. The wheat kernel will not germinate or grow in an unfavorable soil or under improper climatic dirions. The same is true of bacteria. This explains why some persons do not have the influenza. Their bodies do not provide the proper soil. In the process and growth and mul tiplication in the body, these little ganisms excrete substances which are poisonous, and they destroy or impair some vital functions. No symptoms of the disease are apparent until suf ficient time has elapsed after the en trance of the infecting germ. Enough time has to elapse for the bacteria to multiply and produce sufficient poison or otherwise impaired and function ing of the body to produce discernible symptoms. The time that elapsed he tween the entrance of the germ and | the appearance of the first symptoms of the disease is known as the incu bation period. The incubation period of influenza is from two to four days. This means that it takes the germ from two to four days to produce sufficient poison in the body to cause a headache, back ache or dizziness. It also means that before these symptoms appear that the few invading germs multiply, pro during thousand upon thousand of their kind before we become aware of their presence. The germs continue to multiply during the course of the disease. The infected person is a host and producer of the germs causing the disease from the moment of his infection until his complete recovery, By his movements from place to place during any part of that time he may scatter the disease broad cast. To prevent this, the quarantine rules pro vide for the isolation of the infected person, and thus confine as far as possible the germs to the source of production. The quarantine of the individual has been found very effective in the combating of some diseases. In the case of influenza and others it has not been found sufficient. The germs 0 f the influenza are believed to grow and multiply in the air passages and inasmuch as they are there multiply ing during the incubating period of two to four days, an infected person can and does spread the disease dur ing that period. This was very forcib ly illustrated in a small town not far from Moscow. Two soldier boys re turned home from an infected train ing camp apparently in good health, They circulated about the town visit ing their many friends. Shortly they took to their beds. friends soon did the same. course of two weeks 50 per cent of the people of the town were down with the disease. To prevent the spread of the di sease during the incubating period, health laws provide for not only the con or Their many In the quarantine of the afflicted individual, but also all persons residents of the same building who have come in con tact with him and have been exposed, Thus we have the reasons for the quarantine of the homes, permitting no one to leave or enter. It has been demonstrated and prov en by bacteriological science that bac teria can live a considerable length of time without growth or multiplica tion, in the same sense that the spark of life in a kernel of wheat can live a considerable length of time out of its natural habitat, and will grow again when placed in the soil under favor able conditions. It has been found the disease pro during bacteria are carried upon the clothes and other articles that may come in contact with a person suffer ing with an infectious disease, and who by chance contaminates that ar tide. This was very forcibly dem onstrâted in a district also not far from Moscow, where two rural fami lies came down with the disease prac tically upon the same day. The mem bers of these two families had not been awav from their homes for a considerable time, and had not come in contact with any one having the disease prior thereto. The question at once arose how did these two families become infected. In tracing the mat ter it was found that the rural mail carrier on that route had come down with the disease two or three days prior to the time that these two fami lies showed symptoms of the disease; that prior to the time that he mail carrier came down, (during the incuba tion period) he delivered to each of the two families a weekly paper, and that on that day the mail carrier had coughed and sneezed several times, and that the papers delivered had thus become the carrier of the germs of the disease to the two families, thus we have another reason for the "house quarantie." The individuals therein together with their clothing and any article leaving the infected homes may be the source of spreading the disease. Individual and house quarantines prove sufficient in most instances for the prevention of the spread of an in fectious disease. Occasionally care lessness, ignorance, wilful covering up of the presence of the disease and other violations of health laws causes a disease to become so prevalent and the disease germs so scattered, that additional quarantine measures be come necessary. , Who has and who has not been ex posed in the disease cannqt be de termined. It is recognized that a great many persons may be in the incubât mg stage of the disease and are cap able of spreading disease germs. Ar tides of commerce become carriers of the disease. When this condition arises community quarantine becomes necessary. This is put in force by the health officers immediatelv tak ing steps to stop the going and com ing of all individuals; to request all people to stay at home as fa? as pos sible; to stop the unnecessarv move ment of articles from one place to another. They prohibit all public gatherings and close all non-essen tial industries, and restrict as far as possible general business. It is im possible to stop all commerce. It is necessary that the people have the necessities of life, irrespective of the fact that there is a risk of the trans mission and spread of the disease. Community quarantine is difficult to enforce. It can be made effective only by unanimity of action on the part of all. Ignorance, carelessness and wilful violation on the part of a few can jeopardize the interest of a community. Selfishness on the part of various interests that are restricted is an inhibiting factor. Every pres sure is placed upon the health of ficers to cause them to lift the ban. Very frequently the pressure brought to bear is sufficient to cause the lifting of the community quarantine too early, and a recurrence of the di sease follows. Bacteriological and good health technic requires the hold ing of the community quarantine un til such times as the number of in fected homes becomes comparatively few. The community quarantine is then gradually lifter, and strict house quarantine maintained thereafter. For a time in this city, the picture shows and billiard halls were allowed to remain open, while the schools were closed. This condition was reversed by the recent rulings, the schools opened and the other places closed. To those ignorant of the modes of transmission of disease, this would appear inconsistent, some would say that is conditions are such that it makes it necessary for the closing of churches, picture shows, and billiard halls and other places, why would it the I 1 opening schools? The recent actions of the school thorities of forbidding the students, who broke the quarantine rules by at tending dances and other gatherings, to attend school indicates the answer to that question. The. churches, billiard halls and pic ture shows are public places to which persons from all parts of the city and from out of town gather; they placed where there is a great risk of coming in contact -with a person hav ing the disease in the incubative stage or the germ upon his clothing: they are places from which the disease may be brought into the schools. The closing of these places by the health officer is based upon good bacteriol ogical and public health technic. A great deal of stress has been laid upon the matter of dancing by the health officers and physicians in pre venting the spread of the influenza. This is also based on a good bacteri ological reason. The germs of the influenza are supposed to grow and multiply in the air passages and they are thrown off from the person by violent breathing, sneezing and cough ing. The position taken in dancing brings the air passages of the two individuals in comparatively close I proximity and makes it easy for the transmission of the bacteria that are thrown off in breathing from one to another. The danger of dancing was forcibly illustrated in a nearby town where eighteen young people gather ed for a home dance. Every one of the eighteen came down with the disease, und it is said that no one attending au are the dance had symptoms prior there to. (This also shows that it is not essential to come in contact with an individual who is down with the di sease to take the same.) Dancing is condusive to the transmission of all infectious disease, inasmuch as it produces fatigue and reduces the re sistence that the human body has to infection. Moscow is to be congratulated for the success it has had in managing the spread of the epidemic. Her rec ord for the number of persons having the influenza and the death rate therefrom has been the lowest of any community of like size in this region. Her ability to maintain this record depends on her people recognizing in dividually and collectively that all danger is not past and to bear in mind: 1st. That the organism causing in fluenza is scattered broad cast and that every individual is liable to in fection. r 2 nd. That every infected person is a source of production of the cause 0 f disease and menace of the corn niunity „ j 3 m. ^ j.- , ^ ^ the quaran / I 1 ne ru - les mad f for the purpose of lowering the aumb ! r of persons infected the num ber germs produced, and the ulti destruction o fthose now in ex 1Bt f2 Ce rm. ... , f 01 ; The quarantine regulations can be mad , e effective by a conscious ^ervance by all. News from Khaki Boys Mrs. C. N. Matheny is in receipt of the following letter from her brother, Pvt. Robert A. Keeney who is in the military police service with the ninety-first division. Somewhere in Belgium, Dec. 2, 1918 Dear Sister: As I have just fin ished a letter to mother, and have a few minutes to spare, I will try and drop you a few lines. I received two of your letters at the same time, writ ten on Oct. 27 and Nov. 4, so will on swer both at once. You have asked if I get all of your letters. Now I can't tell for it is very hard to get mail on the front lines at times, when there is fighting. Now you want to know where I have been, and what I have been doing. That would take me a long time to tell in a letter, but I will tell you a little, so you can see that I have not been a slacker, and if you have been taking a good paper of some kind, and looked for the ninety-first division you will see where I have been. We were in the front lines three times; once in France and twice in Belgium. We were at the front when the armistice was signed, and maybe you think there was a happy bunch of boys over here, and will be much happier when they all reach home again. I sure would like to be there for Christmas, but don't see any way through. And now I can't see why you are all teasing me with all the good eats, for you know that is my long suit, eating. Then sending me a picture melon. That A. P. Dahl, of Moscow, has received the following letter from his brother, Oscar, who is in convalescent camp, France. The letter follows; Dear Brother Aug: deavor to write you a few lines to let you know I am alive and well, I am still at the convalescent camp where I have been for some time and do not know how long I will be here, As the censorship has been lifted a great extent, a person can tell where he has been and what he has done. I left the states last December and landed in England about the 24th of the same month. I came over on the Leviathan or Vaterland as the Ger mans called it before Uncle Sam took yourself earing a made by mouth water when I looked at it ,but when I get home I am going to make ' up for lost time. I think will just travel around from place to place, and take on a lot of your good "chow," and see then if you will get me in a far-away country and tell me all about your, eatables you have had for the winter. Well I think I had better close for this time, hoping these few lines will find you all well, and enjoy a good Christmas. A happy New Year to all, if you get this before then. hope to be with you before many more months. This leaves me well at present. So with these few lines will say good bye to all. Many thanks for the Xmas card. As ever a brother, ROBERT A. KEENEY. I shall en charge of it. It sure was some boat. It is supposed to be the biggest ship afloat, as it had thirteen decks and a length of 900 feet. We landed in Liverpool and took a train for Winchester, where he stayed about a week and left from there to Havre, France. I was transferred out of the 41st division into the 168th infantry and went into the trenches for the first time in March. We put in an even 100 days in the lines in the Lorraine sector, and while up there I had my first encounter with a boche patrol. They tried to spring a surprise on us but did not have much success as they left one of their men in our trenches. I came out of that scrape all right, with the exception of a piece of hand grenade in my knee and a crack on the head. We left the Lorraine sector and went up on the Champagne, where we were when the last big German offensive started on July 14th. Be lieve me, that was some bombard ment while it lasted. From there we went up on the Chateau Thierry front and there was where the real fun started. I wasn't there but about ten days when I got wounded and sent back to the hos pital where I have been ever since. KIDNEYS WEAKENING? BETTER LOOK OUT! Kidney and bladder troubles don't disappear of themselves. They grow upon yon, slowly but steadily, under mining your health with deadly cer tainty, until you fall a victim to in curable disease. _ Slop your troubles while there is time. Don't wait until little pains be come big aches. Don't trifle with dis ease. To avoid future suffering begin treatment with GOLD MEDAL Haar lem Oil Capsules now. Take three or four every day until you feel that you are entirely free from pain. This well-known preparation has been one of the national remedies of Hol land for centuries. In 1696 the govern ment of the Netherlands granted a spe cial charter authorizing its sale. The good housewife of Holland would almost as soon be without food as with out her "Real Dutch Drops, quaintly calls GOLD MEDAL Oil Capsules. Their strength and is responsible in a great measure for the sturdy, robust health of the Hollanders. Do not delay. Go to your druggist and insist on his supplying you with a box of GOLD MEDAL Haarlem Oil. Capsules. Take them as directed, and if you are not satisfied with results your druggist will gladly refund your moneys Look for the name GOLD ME D at. on. the box and accept no other. In seale<L boxes, three sizes. as she Haarlem use restore« HOW TO REALIZE MOST MON EY FROM YOUR LIVESTOCK FIRST—Select the nearest market that pays top prices for your stock. SECOND—Consign your shipment to the commission firm that gives you best service. The Spokane Union Stockyards, with its reputation for the high est prices in the Northwest, answers the first requirement. That our firm handles more stock than all our competitors combined in dicates what shippers think of our service. We can fill your feeder and stocker orders. P. W. Murphy Commission Co. UNION STOCKYARDS SPOKANE WASHINGTON ■ r SERIVCE The social and business structure is built on the word SERVICE and what it stands for. The First National justifies its place in this community by It is a service which you the service it renders. can use. The First National Bank I OF MOSCOW i < r. . i % Security and Service. W. L. PAYNE, President J. S. HECKATHORN, Cashier km' ■k'\'v mskk ■sm\ & While in England I saw the famous cathedral in Winchester and also saw king Arthur's round table. I have also seen some very old buildings in France. Well, as it is getting late, I will close for this time, hoping this finds you all well, from your brother, OSCAR DAHL. Pi Latah County Records. Jan. 2.—W. D.—Melvina Jane Craig' to William Johnson, $650, 22 23 24-2 Lieuallen's Third Moscow. W. D.—Latah Realty Co., Ltd.,, to Thomas Westby, $200; 12-13 Deary Home and Orchard Tracts. W. D.—Same to same, $60 13-15 Deary Home & Orchard Tracts. Rel.—A. Hooker to Oluf M. Ber thelso n, r-m 12-4-18. R. M.—W. A. Berkstresser to A. Hooker, $650, due 11-18-20, SW1-4 NE1-4; Sl-2 NW1-4; NW1-4 SW1-4 15-38-2. Latah Comity Records. Friday, January 3, 1919. R. M-—G. P- Mix to Estate of Ida Stevens, $8000, lots 6 and 7 of 6-39-5 (83.430). R. M.—L. C. Oleson to Lewis Oleson, $2700, due 12-23-23, lots 49 and 64 of 16-39-5.