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The Daily Star-Mirror
VOLUME VIII MOSCOW, LATAH COUNTY, IDAHO SATURDAY, JANUARY 25, 1919 NUMBER 1»1 -A 1 PARIS.—The peace conference at its second open session today con sidered the proposals for the forma ts tion of a league of nations. Later a draft of the preliminary resolu tions looking toward the creation of the league was made public. These resolutions call for the appointment of a commission composed of two rep resentatives each from the five great lowers, and five representatives from ad the other powers, to inquire and report on the responsibility of the authors of the world war, breaches of the laws of war established by civi lized custom, by Germany and her allies, the degree of responsibility for these offenses, including the members of the' general staff and others, how ever highly placed. _ PARIS.—At the second open ses sion of the peace conference held to day David Lloyd George is expected to discuss the British plan for a league of nations. It can be stated on good authority that this British outline is very generally in accord with the principles toward which the American group has been working. French Government Requisitions Transportation. PARIS.—The French government today requisitioned the Paris subway street car lines, and the automobile and bus systems of the city, whose employees are out on a strike, as previously announced in these dis patches. The government considered it impossible to submit even to a tem porary suspension of the transporta tion facilities in the capital. PARIS.—The French government is about to take a hand in the general transportation strike declared here yesterday. The government has de cided to virtually requisition the en tire transportation system of the city. Reported Ex-Kaiser Will Return. LONDON—A Berlin dispatch to the Daily Mail under date of January 24 says : tion of a newspaper which is selling rapidly on the streets here maintains that the ex-kaiser and his family in tend to return to Germany as soon as the national assembly has given the country a legal constitution." Republican Win in Lisbon. LISBON, Portugal, Thursday.—The fighting between the republicans and the monarchists is raging fiercely in parts of the city today. It would seem that the monarchists appear to be giving way to the republicans. LISBON.—The result of Friday's fighting in this city between the re publicans and monarchists, has ended in a victory for the republican forces. $200,000,000 For Road Construction. WASHINGTON. — Besides recom mending a salary increase for virtual ly all of the employees in the postal service, the annual postoffice approp riation bill as revised, which was re ported out by the senate postoffice committee today, proposes an approp riation of to be used dur A sensational special edi ing the next three years for the con struction and maintenance of roads. Navy Building Program to Wait. WASHINGTON.—A sharp division among the members of the house .^val affairs committee over the -Wisdom of passing on the second three-year building program until after the peace conference decision on the question of world disarmament, it was learned today will lead to sev eral weeks' delay before final action on the program is taken. Early Peace Saved Billion«. WASHINGTON.—A saving of over fifteen billion dollars in contemplated war expenditures during the war, was reported to congres* by the navy de partment today in the house approp riation committee bill. American Forces Adequate. WASHINGTON—The retirement of the allied forces holding advanced positions in the Archangel sector in northern Russia, before the attacks by superior forces of the Bolsheviki, is reported in an official dispatch dated January 23rd, the substance of which dispatch was today made public by General March. The points at tacked by the enemy lay generally about 190 miles from Archangel. General March says that the inter allied commander had command of adequate troops with which to reen force the advanced elements and handle the situation. The message reported the American losses in one action at Ust Pedenga, was ten men killed, seventeen wounded and eleven missing. A later dispatch states that subsequent attacks on the American positions were repulsed. Bolshevik Victory Reported. OMSK, Monday. — (By Associated Press.)—Ufa has fallen to the Bol shevists in a defeat of the Russian, Czecho-Slovak forces, due to a failure of arms to arrive from Vladivostok. The troops which had been defending the city are reported to have fallen back to Zlatoust, 140 miles north east, where they are making a cour ageous stand in the gorges of the Ural mountain country. German Ships Allotted to U. S. NEW YORK.—The German ships allotted to the United States for the transportation of troops from over seas have a tonnage of 460,000. these ships is included the giant Ham burg-American liner, Imperator, it has been authoritively learned today. In ♦+♦+++++♦+♦♦*+++ ♦ May Attend Sunday School. ♦ ♦ + ♦ City Health Officer Dr. W. A. ♦,, ♦ Adair, has authorized the Star- + ♦ Mirror to announce that high * ♦ school pupils will be permitted to 4 ♦ attend Sunday school tomorrow. ♦ ♦ Make no mistake, because this + ♦ order does not apply to the ♦ + pupils in the grades. The doc- + ♦ tor stated further that if con- + + ditions continued to improve as 4* ♦ at present, he would be ready to 4 1 ♦ raise the ban against high 4* + school pupils attending the mov- 4 1 + ing picture shows about Wed- 4* + nesday of next week. Further 4* 4* announcement regarding this will 4 1 ♦ be made when that date arrives. 4 1 4 4 4"M> 4 4 4 4 4> 4- 4 4 4 4- 4 SUFFERED BIG LOSSES Switzerland. — (Corre spondence of the Ascsociated Press)— Losses sustained by Serbia during the LITTLE COUNTRIES HIT HARD BY WAR—BOTH IN LIVES AND MONEY GENEVA, war are estimated by Miles Savcic, member of the Central Committee for its destruction or 20,000,000,000 francs. "Serbia and Montenegro," declares M. Savcic "have suffered greater es in lives, relatively speaking, than any of the other allies. Serbia alone lost about 320,000 men up to the ar rival in Confu in 1916. One-half of her taxpaying citizens and one-third of her population perished from sick ness, epidemic diseases and the un presented savagery of the enemy at the time of the invasion of 1914, and . during the three years of domination J of the Bulgars and Austro-Magyars. 1 "Our enemies sought not only to 1 destroy Serbia economically but to exterminate her people, so as to rid thmeslves once and for all of the bar ripr whirh blnokq (xprmanv's wav from ner which blocks Germany s way rrom ! 1 Serbian Reconstruction here, to ag gregate 10,000,000,000 francs. This is exclusive of the war expenses incur red by Serbia and of the war loans which Serbia received from the al lies. M. Savcic asserts that the present value of the Serbian property would be double what It was at the time of i I i Berlin to Bagdad. "The restoration of Serbia will re quire a certain amount of time, enemy must return everything he plundered from the Serbian museums, | libraries, universities, chruches and schools and whatever hjis been de- , stroyed must be replaced. Germans, | Austro-Magyars and Bulgare must re- | turn the livestock which they drove away and pay for the timber, viné yards and orchards which they cut j The I i ' ( 1 plements and industrial machinery must be replaced in kind. The allies must supply us with food as quickly as possible, likewise with textiles, and medical stores, all pf which are com pletely lacking in Serbia. Devastated towns and villages must be rebuilt. Banks, loan societies and savings banks must be supplied with money that economic enterprise may be revived." Estimating the damages inflected upon Serbia, M. Savcic, who was for mer Serbian minister of public works, places the value of one year's har vest in Serbia at 1,600,000,000 francs and adds that the enemy sezed three harvests. The Invaders destroyed 130,000 horses, 6,000,000 sheep and goats, 2,000,000 pigs, 1,300,000 cattle and more than 8,000,000 poultry. Manufactured goods to the value of 760,000,000 francs were carried away or destroyed, he says. Damages to private property such as furniture, machinery, etc., he estimates at 400, 000,000 francs. The enemy carried off from Serbia silver currency amount ing to 30,000,000 francs and jewelry of about the same value. Requisitions, enforced subscriptions to enemy war loans and damages sustained by priv ate financial concerns are estimated at 800,000,000 francs. There are now about 100,000 dis abled persons to be cared for and than 150,000 orphans to be fed, ''Pension«," so more clothed and educated, says M. Savcic, "must be provided for the very large number of widows and orphans. Our allies must compel the enemy to repair roads, bridges, tun nels, railroads and to return the ship ping and rolling stock which was re moved." Porto Ricans Will Receive Pay. SAN JUAN—Though some Porto Ricans who were employed during the war in a government picric acid plant at Little Rock, Ark., left there with- out first collecting wages due them and came to San Juan they have fail- ed to dodge the government paymas- ter. A cable from Washington this week informed Captain J. N. PaYrett that amounts still due the men will be paid them by Captain Barr, the dis- bursing officer for Porto Rico. - Ä - Authorities Seize College in Dublin. DUBLIN.—The military authorities have seized the Stendas College in Dublin county. This Irish institution of learning was founded by Patrick 1 Pearse, who was executed in connec tion with the Easter rebellion of 1916. 1 ras REOPEMISG OF SCHOOLS BRINGS GOOD PEE CENT OF ATTENDANCE Superintendent Rich of the Mos cow public schools made the follow . , , , 0 . ... m *. statement to a Star-Mirror P°f ter «lative to the conditions ex lslmg ,. at tlae ® nd four . daj [ s re " sumption of the entire school sys tem ' re "At the close of the first week of school for the entire system there were only seven pupils in attendance who were being held under advise ment by the school nurse, and not one of these pupils had any other sym ptom but a slight temperature. "The attendance for the whole system was close to 90 per cent for the past week which is considered very good under the circumstances. "No change was made in the noon hour as was announced in The Star Miror as a shorter noon hour means many more pupils to bring their lunch and the Inuch room at the Whitworth building is too small to accommodate so many pupils at a time when in fluenza is so prevalent." ■a PREPARED FOR SPRING TRADE Well Known Automobile Man Makes Improvements in Business Place. A. S. Frost, the enterprising pro prietor of the Idaho Garage, has been making a number of small, but sub stantial improvements at his place of business and in his working appara tus. His showroom has been newly partitioned and painted. Mr. Frost I has also added a new Curtis air com pressor to his equipment, at quite an expense. The entire garage has been rearranged, a small power-driven lathe has been installed, and the bat tery charges reloaded, and altogether a general remodeling conducted. Mr. Frost has just received a new supply of oils and other automobile essen tials and expects to be thoroughly prepared when the spring rush of tr ®i de ® e ^ s ln - , , ,, , , improvements have added much th ® appearance of the garage and especially to the conveniences in the work shop, ® * ,, * . EUREKA, Calif.-One of the most anl ?" e mail routes m the world has - 1 f + Vbeen established along the course Klamath river between Orleans and Onck /° t a n whfoh ^ than the old Indian trails which sti11 ® xlst 111 tha t section of the coun - . .._. röa< ^ defies the most powerful automo blleg and is all buj . impagsa ble for horse-drawn stages. The tractor has overcome all obstacles. try a caterpillar tractor is conveying mail and parcel post on regular sch edule. During the winter months the Rev. Goss Returns From L*. n ice. Private M. Wesley Goss, son of Rev. and Mrs. L. W. Goss, has been muster ed out of the service and has just returned home from Camp Mead, Maryland, where he was with the 23d Engineers. Rev. M. Wesley Goss will preach Sunday evening at the Nazar ene church. i VOLUME OF BUSINESS INCREASED 1 The vinegar plant of Moscow known as the "Leo Brothers Company" has grown to be a business of some lati tude, since it began some seven years ago. It is a close corporation, the few stockholders being Moscow men. Mr. Veatch, general manager, states that the business has Increased every year, until during the present year the company has shipped out over 85 car loads of vinegar, ten of which were in broken lota. This has gone as far east as Duluth, Minn., and through the states of Idaho, Washington, Ore gon. Montana and North Dakota. Last year the product was sent as far as Atchinson, Kansas. The foreman of the plant is O. G. Wells, who has been with the company several years. During the grinding Conflicting Thoughts HP % I L m % Cc^ L % % V apii SÄTmothk, 1 SVHLR the snow SHOVEL I , \\Vj \\ \V E S J \' W W' \\ \V Sllssss -V 4HB V V I s , 1 >" Nu mL "\w. 5 & Taj«" PROVIDES APPROPRIATION OF $150,000 FOR AN ADMINISTRA TIO NBUILDING BOISE.—(Special to The Star-Mir ror.)—The measure asking for an ap propriation of $160,000 to build ,^ n administration building for the Lew iston normal school was passed by the house this morning. Morgan of Wash ington county mlde an attempt to have all the school appropriations voted upon together. He received no support in this when Harrison of Shoshone county explained the emer •gency existing at Lewiston and at the state university at Moscow. Only Morgan and Baird voted against the bill upon its final passage. The Clark county bill, which had previously passed the senate was pas sed by the house this morning. This was only the third bill making the rounds of the two houses during the twenty-one days that the legislature has been in session. The new primary bill is about ready in joint committee, and will likely be ready for introduction early next week. The bill will not change the law so far as counties are concerned, hut provides for state conventions for the nomination of state officers. Five bills were introduced in the house this morning during its short session. The most important one of these call for a county division elec tion for the purpose of creating Nam pa county out of parts of Ada and Owyhee counties. The senate held no session today. WITH THE AMERICAN ARMY OF PRICES IN GERMANY UNCHANGED But Few Attempts Are Made to Over charge the American Soldiers. OCCUPATION.—(Correspondence of the Associated Press.)—Analysis of price reports from the entire area oc cupied by the Americans shows that the prices current prior to the signing of the armistice have remained aub stantially unchanged. Although cer- j tain isolated individual cases have been reported of attempts to over- i charge American soldiers there has been no general tendency among the Germans to increase the prices on ; goods in the stores. In some shops ; in Coblenz where prices have ad- | vanced since the Americans arrived, the merchants contend that this has been necessary because of an increase j of from 20 to 40 per cent in the price of certain articles from the factory. 1 And to bear out their statements the merchants show letters from factory managements in Berlin and other manufacturing pomts 1 Coblenz has had as much difficulty ' in procuring food supplies as any part of the American arena, and yet outside of serious shortage in some essentials ; such as fats the general feeling in 1 the city is one of hopefulness in re gard to the food situation. This hope-! fulness extends only to this area, and , not to the districts of interior Ger- : many which, acording to reports, are worse off. season of about 90 days, 26 or 30 men are employed. At all other times of the year the force consists of seven or eight men. Over 1609 tens of apples were bought last fall, of which 30 carloads were shipped in, the remaining being secured from the orchards near Mos cow, for which $8 a ton was paid, this making over $10,000 the apples have brought the farmers around Moscow— apples that were not fit for packing. The company has shipped in 30 cars of barrels and six cars of bottles. They own one tank car. The residue after grinding and pressing is shipped out in carload lots to the different dairies in the country. The company does no retail trade whatever, only dealing with jobbers. " j ♦++♦+++♦♦+++♦+++♦ ♦ The announcement made in ♦ ! * * his P a P er Yfterday that Arnold * * , L y° n - one ° t f . the men appointed + : + to serve on the committee to as- ♦ ; * f lst . ln Procuring work for re- + 1 J turning soldiers, had resigned + t fro , m . this committee is wrong + * f, nd du . e to a misunderstanding of + . !£. e ln formatmn given the Star * M ' rr ? r , f The committee from + * whlch Mr '. L /« n «signed was the * * j^omted jit.a meetmg^ of * 4 . 4* ii STRONGLY OPPOSED BY LEGIS 4" the former committee, to assist 4 4* in the organization of Road Dis- 4 4* trict No. 2. The other two mem- 4* 4* bers of this latter committee are 4* 4* T. A. Meeker and Ben Bush + r ■ DEVELOPS OPPOSITION LATOES IN PRESENT FORM BOISE.—Strong opposition to the present wording and provisions of the Americanization act by Senator Mc Murray made its appearance in the senate yesterday with Senators Adams and Walker as its chief opponents. Both men indicated that they believ ed in the necessity of educating non English speaking people but they, in no uncertain terms, stated their feel ings relative to the results that might come in the event that he bill was passed in its present form. Senator Adams of Madison led the assault when the bill was being con sidered on its second reading. His stand hinged on the fact that in south eastern Idaho hundreds of Mexicans are imported each year to work in the sugar factories. These men and worn ®n under the provisions of the bill would be forced to attend either day ° r night school. He did not want, he said, the school districts to pay for the education of this imported labor an d said it was up to the institutions that imported them to pay for their schooling. He furher clarified his position by saying he was determined to not al low foreigners above 21 years of age to be in a school room with Amer lean children. He told of numerous cutting affairs and brawls which oc cur among foreign speaking people a nd said that the atmosphere of these people would create In a school was not conducive to proper discipline, The senator from Madison also stated his views as being for the state at large to provide school room and teaching facilities for foreigners allowing them, however, the use of school rooms. Senator Walker of Boundary coun ty hinged his opposition on the fact that he believed the federal govern 1 j and stated he favored memorializing ; congress along this line. Both men, ; however, subscribed their belief in the principle of the bill but not its let 1 ter. BOISE.—Denying that the opera tions of mining companies in the Coeur d'Alene district have been cur tailed or that Liberty bonds purchased by miners have been discounted, Stanley Eastman, manager of the Bunker Hill and Sullivan mines of Kellogg, Idaho, has written a letter to Representative Thomas of Shoshone county which was placed in the rec ords pf the house of representatives here yesterday. The communication said that the operations of the companies under Mr. Eastman's management were go ing ahead with a normal crew. It also said that there were known cases of where a Liberty bond had been dis counted. Further communications from Sho shone and Bonner counties state that while there is no certainty of market conditions which will determine the operation of the mines, yet it is be lieved that a normal crew can be car ried indefinitely. In a letter from Chairman James F. McCarthy of the Fourth Liberty Loan committee of Shoshone county in Sep tember, Mr. McCarthy states what is said to be the only promise made relative to relieving working men of their -bond regulations, when he says : "Any one subscribing for a bond of the Fourth Liberty Loan and who is called into military service before the 13th of January, 1919, may be re lieved of his contract for the purchase of the bond without loss and have his money refunded if he so desires. This is not a promise to purchase after they have been fully paid for." The letter of Mr. Eastman and the circulation of the statement of Mr. Mc Carthy follows the filing with the leg islature of resolutions from the state federation of labor . n Taught bv Telephone. MONTROSE, Col.—The closing of public schools because of the epidemic of Spanish influenza did not prevent the school children of the Maple Grove school ,near here, from continuing their education. The teacher, seated in her room in the boarding house, assigned lessons and heard recitations over the telephone and the plan work ed nicely. The only objection was that it interfered with morning visits of neighbor women. WASHINGTON.—The railroad ad ministration needs $750,000,000 more for its revolving fund to supplement the $500,000,000 originally provided and now virtually exhausted. In pre paring this estimate for congress yes terday Director General Hines ex plained that $196,000,000 of this sum represents loss to the government. In curred in operations last year, and the remainder represents advances to railroad companies, to be repaid eventually with interest. Congress will be asked immediate ly to appropriate this amount, which Mr. Hines declared would be neces sary regardless of whether the rail ways were returned to private man agement within a few months or re tained longer. Huge Sum for Betterments. The director general estimated that $368,193,000 would be required this year to finance capital enterprises, such as improvements and purchase of cars and locomotives, which rail road companies are not able to fi nance, without borrowing from the government. This figure also in cludes $12,840,000 for contemplated expenditures on inland waterway* and $20,000,000 to finance a reorgani zation of the Boston & Maine. For 1918 the demands accumulated against the revolving fund included: Additions and betterments financed by the government, $290,918,000; cash on hand employed as working capital, credited now and charged when gov ernment control ends, $247,100,000; other working capital in the shape of conductors' and agents' balances, loans made to companies with ma terials and supplies as collateral, less current liabilities on these accounts, $91,952,000; loan to New York, New Haven & Hartford, involving a re organization of finances, $61,475,000; advances for inland waterways, all but about $500,000 representing in vestment in boats and other property, $4,361,000. These items total $685, 806,000. 1918 Liability $881,806,000. This sum, together with the $196, 000,000 loss to the government on ac count of the difference between op erating income and returns guaran teed the roads, make $881,806,000 for which the government would be liable on account of 1918 operations when all railroad accounts for the year are settled. $368,193,000 estimated requirements for 1919 makes $1,250,000,000 estimat ed drain on the revolving fund for both 1918 and 1919, and with allow ance for the $500,000,000 already ap propriated the new needs are com puted at $760,000,000. general refers to this as a minimum requirement and all figures are sub ject to later revision. This report also shows that the present revolving fund is $381,806,000 too little to settle all accounts for 1918. The addition of The director Hi ELECTION Die TWO ELECTIONS IN FEBRUARY, ONE MARCH 1st—ALSO GOOD ROADS DISTRICT The county commissioners, who have been in session all week, ad journed today to meet at 1 o'clock " p. m., Monday. The election for the highway dis trict of Blaine and Genesee has been called for February 8th and the elec tion for the Thorn Creek district for Ferbuary 14th. A third election has been called for March 1st, for the good roads district number one of Latah county in the Cedar Creek country around Crescent and Linden. This district includes about 35,000 acres of land and is the first good roads district created in the county, the others mentioned being highway districts. The commissioners will probably be in session all next week as there is much business to come before them. pea QUAINT JAPANESE CHILDREN IN "THE BRAVEST WAY' Little Tots Quickly Adapt Themselves to Their New Environment. The Japanese kiddies who appear in "The Bravest Way" in support of Sessue Hayakawa are very good act ors, and all American audiences will enjoy seeing them for their quaint ways and pretty faces. It is a picture of romance and youth, and is bound to appeal to American audiences. Sessue Hayakawa says that the child ren picked up the suggestions of Di rector George Meflord and himself very quickly as to acting certain scenes, and laughed or cried in accord ance with the requirements of the situations. "The Bravest Way" is to be shown at the Orpheum theatre tonight only and Manager Tucker is preparing to care for record-breaking crowds. -Ba Bolshevik Fleet Sunk. LONDON.—(Wireless message.)— The Bolshevist attempt to bombard Revel, the capital of Esthonia, from the sea has resulted in a complete failure, according to reports received here this morning. It is further re ported that every vessel in the Bol shevik fleet has been sunk.