The Daily Star-Mirror
MOSCOW, LATAH COUNTY, IDAHO FRIDAY, FEBRUARY 14, 1919
SOCIETY OF NATIONS BORN IN PARIS TODAY
The Society of Nations, advocated by President Wilson, William Howard
Taft, ex-president and many other Americans and introduced into the peace
conference by the American delegation, was born today at Paris. Woodrow
Wilson, president of the United States, has presided at the sessions of the
supreme council which framed the constitution for the greatest organization
of nation^ ever united to prevent a world war, and read, to the peace con
ference, the covenants agreed upon. The story, as it came direct to The
Star-Mirror from Paris today, follows:
PARIS.—The executive council of the proposed league of nations as out
lined in the covenant read by President Wilson today, will consist of rep
resentatives of the United States, Great Britain, France, Italy, Japan and
four other states. The council shall meet as often as necessary but at least
once annually, at whatever place is designated. Any matters within the
scope of the league's action affecting the world's peace will be dealt with.
The,, covenant provides that the arbitrators' award must be made within
a reasonable time and the recommendation of the executive council within
six months after the submission of disputes. The announcement as read
International Court of Justice.
"The executive council shall formulate plans for the establishment of a
permanent court of international justice. This court shall, when established,
be competent to hear and determine any matter which the parties recog
nize as subject for submission to it for arbitration."
It further provides that all disputes be made by council with recommenda
tions for settlement. In case of failure to settle the dispute, if the report
Is unanimously agreed to by all members of the council except parties to
the dispute, the high contracting parties agree to not go to war with any
party which complies with the recommendation, and if any party refuses
to comply the council shall propose measures to make them effective. In
case of failure of the council to agree on recommendations for a settle
ment, they may refer the dispute to a body of delegates at the request of
either party. In case any contracting party refuses to submit the quotion
to arbitration it shall be declared to have committed an act of war against
all of the other members of the league, which agree to sever all relations.
Must Reduce Armament.
The covenant asserts the principle of reduction of armement. "To the
lowest point consistent with national safety and enforcement by common
action of international obligations." It provides that the executive council
shall formulate plans for such reduction and fix the limits for the several
governments which, when adopted, are not to be exceeded without permis
sion from the executive council.
No Secret Treaties to Be Permitted.
It binds the contracting parties to a full, and frank interchange of in
formation regarding military and naval program and continues:
All Members to Be Protected.
* "The high contracting parties shall undertake to respect and preserve
' as against external aggregession, the territorial integrity and existing polit
ical independence of all states that are members of the league."
Plans for Averting Future Wars.
, In case of any such aggression as that mentioned the supreme council
shall advise upon means of fulfilling its obligation. Any war or threat
of war, whether immediately affecting any of the high contracting parties
or not, is declared a matter of concern to the league. The contracting par
ties are bound to not resort to war until any disputes impossible of settle
ment by ordinary diplomatic means have been referred to the arbitration
or executive council of the league. All nations within the league are bound
to abide by the decision of the arbitrators.
League to Protect Its Members By Force. '
The covenant provides that "It shall be the duty of the executive council
*in such cases to recommend what effective military or naval forces mem
bers of the league shall severally contribute to the armed forces to be Used
I to protect the covenants of the league."
Outsiders May Also Be Helped.
In the event of disputes between one state, a member of the league, and
another state, not a member, or between two states that are not members,
I 'the covenant provides that the high contracting parties agree that the
l state or states, not members of he league, be invited to accept the obliga
I tion of membership in the league for the purposes of settling such dispute
.upon such conditions as the executive council may deem just. In case of
refusal of the power so invited to accept the obligation of membership
in the league, provisions for declaring war by the member of the league
■will be applicable.
In case both parties to the < dispute refuse to accept the obligations of
membership for such dispute the executive council may take such action
and make such recommendations as it deems best to prevent hostilitier
■or result in a settlement of the dispute.
Conference Held in Famous Clock Room.
The plenary session of the peace conference is being held in the famous
clock room of the foreign office this afternoon and may mark the conclu
| sion of he most important phase of the world's greatest international
I ' Subjects of the greatest importance are still to come before subsequent
meetings but, in the opinion of qualified students of history of other con
I ferences, the adjournment of today's session may reveal that the foundation
I of the settlement of all questions that follow has been laid.
I - Will Tell France's Objections.
LeOn Burgeios, in giving France's adhérence to the society of nations
I today at the plenary, session of the peace conference, will make it under
stood. says the Havas Agency report, certain reservations in the name uf
the French government, the exact viewpoint of which he will disclose.
COUNCIL, AT SPECIAL MEETING
LAST NIGHT, PLANS FOR
■ Moscow is to have a new septic
'! tank and have the sewer system ex
il tended almost a mile, if the funds for
I doing the work can be raised. A
I special meeting of the council last
I night authorized Mayor Truitt and
■ City Attorney G. G. Pickett to go to
I Spokane and, if necessary, to Seattle,
I to consult bond buyers as to 4he best
I terms that can be secured on bonds
I for this work. It is estimated that
I the work will cost from $60,000 to
I $75,000 but it is thought, in the light
i ^ of past experiences, that not more
than half of this sum will have to be
I ' raised by the sale of bonds, as fullÿ
half of the property owners will pay
their assessments in cash.
This work was planed for last year
. and $75,000 was appropriated for the
' work. Advertisements for bids were
widely scattered and many prospective
bidders came to Moscow and survey
ed the work in a preliminary way,
but none would bid on it as none
i felt that it could be done for the
amount appropriated, with the high
cost of material and labor during the
period of the war. Now, with an
abundance of labor and cheaper ma
terial, it is believed the work can be
done well within the estimated cost.
H. J. Smith, city engineer, was call
ed home from Kendrick near which
town he is doing work for the county
(he also being county surveyor) and
met with the council last night. Mr.
Smith outlined the work and explained
the plans that had been drawn for the
Suits against the city by property
owners near the present end of the
sewer which empties into a small
creek a short distance below town,
are spurring the city authorities on
to get the work done as soon as possi
ble. It has not been decided when
Mayor Truitt and City Attorney Pick
ett will go to Spokane but the trip
will be made in the near future. If
funds can be raised the work will be
gin in March and will be rushed
through to completion as soon as pos
sible. It has not been decided wheth
er a contract will be let or the city
will do the work by employing a
supervising engineer and hiring men
to do the work.
As the extension of the sewer and
the building of the septic tank are
for the entire city property will have
to pay its share and there will be no
formation of a sewer district to raise
the funds and do the work.
The party given last night for the
Moose and their friends was a great
There was a large crowd.
and very good music was furnished
MEETING CALLED FOB 2:80 P. M.
SATURDAY TO TAKE ACTION
For the purpose of perfecting an or
ganization of the veterans of the
Great World's War, a meeting has
been called to be held at the U. S.
Employment Service office on Second
street in this city on Saturday, 2:30
Tnis move is in accordance with the
movement now being made through
out the country, to bring together the
men who have served their country
during the recent great sniggle.
The object and purpose of these or
ganizations is for the mutual benefit
of the men, and for the purpose of pro
curing employment and rendering as
sistance to each other, also to provide
ways and means to pay the military
courtesy to those who have passed
away. There is immediate need of
such organization in in
Moscow is to be-the principal point
of landing for a new airplane pas
senger route from Spokane to Lew
iston, according to reports from Spo
kane where a deal has been made by
a company which plans to make air
planes and conduct passenger lines.
The company has leased 1000 acres
near Spokane for hangars and light
ing grounds and the announcement is
made that within three weeks the
firm will have passenger planes fly
ing between Spokane and Lewiston,
with stops at Moscow. The story
coming from Spokane follows:
The Northwest Aircraft company
of Spokane has leased from the city
park board 1000 acres of land at
Parkwater, east of the city, for a
period of three years. The deal was
closed yesterday. The land is to be
used for hangars and training
The first trial flight of planes now
under construction will take place
within the next three weeks between
Spokane and Lewiston. One between
Spokane and Tacoma will take place
within four weeks, it was stated to
Within the next 18 months two
passenger planes will be operating
between Spokane and Seattle, accord
ing to plans. Each plane will be
capable of carrying 12 to 14 passen
gers besides the pilots, and will make
the flight in four and one-half hours.
The company will lease for a num
ber of years a building they have
under construction and install mod
em machinery for this specific work,
which will require and bring to this
city a number of skilled mechanics
and their families from California
points and from Cleveland and De
Spokane to be the hub of a north
west air service that will in the next
few months make it possible to have
breakfast in Butte, luncheon in Spo
kane and dinner in Seattle.
This is the announcement made
this morning* by officers and repre
sentatives of the company.
"You may say to the public we will
positively put on a time flight from
here to Lewiston in about three weeks
and one from here to Seattle and Ta
coma within a month," said E. R.
Bailey, one of the fiscal agents, to
day. "In these flights we will fly for
a record against time. We are try
ing to secure a large contract and
much depends upon the success of
these flights in determining whether
or not we land it.
"We have the indorsement of some
of the biggest business men in the
city. We are pioneering now, but in- |
tend to give Spokane a great deal of
Making Rapid Progress
: asmuch as one of our boys, Emil H.
I Bjorklund's body will arrive in the
city in the course of the next few
i days, and it is the desire of the par
j ents that a military funeral be had.
The following call was prepared and
i signed by a few of the men that were
I able to get together on short notice:
I "Call for meeting of all honorable
i discharged soldiers and sailors of the
j Great War:
"We the undersigned respectfully
ask all honorable discharged soldiers
and sailors of the Great War who are
interested in the formation of an as
association or organization of the vet
erans of said war of Latah County to
meet on Saturday at 2:30 p, m„ at the
U. S. Employment Service Office, on
Second street, in the city of Moscow.
"All matters for the mutual benefit
of all returning soldiers and sailors
I will be brought up and discussed, and
it is hoped that it will be possible to
form a tentive organization which
will later affiliate with the national
organization which is now in progress
"CHAS R. STILLINGER,
"ALOF Y. JOHNSON.
"A. R. THOMPSON,
"RICHARD B. OTT,
"CHAS. L. MARCH,
publicity, as well as serving the pub
lic. We will be able to put a plane
from here to Seattle on a continuous
flight in about four and one-half
hours and to Lewiston in one hour
and 40 minutes.
"The intentions of the company are
to manufacture airplanes for com
mercial purposes and private owner
ship. Through private sources a
bountiful market has been found. As
each sale is made the purchaser will
be required to take a complete course
of training in airplane engine opera
tion plus training for straight fly
ing . No stunts will be taught or al
lowed. The company has had a man
in Idaho for some time investigating
conditions at different points in that
"It is the intention of the company
to operate planes between Lewiston,
Moscow, Pullman, Colfax and Spo
kane within a very short time. It
is also the intention to establish a
branch training field at a selected
point in Idaho, as there is a large
volume of business in sight from
Idaho and Oregon. The parent field
at Spokane will serve Montana and
"The main office of the company
will be located here. This is stritcly
a Spokane company, mostly Spokane
money, Spokane training grounds
and Spokane men behind the guns.
The airplanes of the company will
all bear the label, 'Made in Spokane,
Washington, U. S. A.' The exact per
sonnel of the company will be an
nounced later. At the present time
we are trying to secure certain
things, the nature of which, if the
names were made public at this time,
would subject the men to lots of an
noyance by persons seeking informa
tion. They are all successful busi
ness men and home owners of this
"We have not been hasty in this
action. Every step of the company
has been carefully considered in ad
vance. We are in the field to stay.
We have four planes here in Spo
kane now, owned by the company, and
we will purchase more for immediate
use, as we are not equipped to build
them as fast as needed."
«I* (|a «J* «I* «Je «I* a|* »Ja »J* a|a a|* «Ja «Ja
Kansas Blizzard Raging.
4* DENVER—The blizzard which 4<
4> has been raging in western Kan- 4«
4« sas and Nebraska for two days 4*
4* continued unabated today, ac- 4*
4* cording to early reports received 4*
4- in Denver. General weather con- 4*
♦ ditions of the storm area, which 4*
* now appears to be about 50 4*
miles wide, are unchanged today. 4
4•4••^ , 4•^■4 , ^ , 4•4•4 , 4■4•4 , 4•4•4•4•
COL THEODORE ROOSEVELT
AS SEEN BY LOCAL MINISTER
WAS BIG SUCCESS
UNIVERSITY OF IDAHO WELL REP
RESENTED AT CONVENTION
HELD IN BOISE
The university was well represent
ed at the recent annual meeting of
the Idaho Mining association in Boise,
President Lindley, Dean Thomson and
Prof. Livingston having returned from
there last night. According to the
Boise Statesman Dr, Lindley's ad
dress, on "Human Engineering" was
the outstanding event of the program.
Prof. Livingston delivered an il
lustrated lecture on the Physiography
of Idaho, on Tuesday evening to a ca
pacity house in the Pinney theatre,
Boise's largest playhouse.
Dean Thomson delivered a well, re
ceived address on "The School of
Mines and the State" at the opening
of the convention. Among the actions
taken by the convention of especial
interest to the university were the
passage of a resolution urging the leg
islature and the governor to enact
into law the measure now before
them providing for a state bureau of
mines and geology in connection with
A resolution was also passed call
ing upon the U. S. Bureau of Mines at
Washington, D. C., to raise the work
now being carried on here under the
direction of Mr. C. A. Wright, to the
status of a full station, which would
involve an annual expenditure of $25,
000 by the United States at this point
for the benefit of the mining industry
of the west.
RED CROSS LIBERT)
SHOP WILL CLOSE
SATURDAY IS THE LAST DAY
FOR SHOP WHICH HAS OP
ERATED ALMOST TWO YEARS
The Red Cross Liberty shop on
Third street, in the Cornwall building,
is to be closed Saturday night, not to
reopen. The shop has done its work
and done it faithfully and well . It
has brought many hundreds of dol
lars to the Red Cross funds to be
used for the benefit of the soldiers
and others in distress.
The shop has a large lot of goods
on hand that are to be disposed of at
any price the people want to give
for them. There will be no fixed
price. The goods, some of them of
fine quality, are going for whatever
price the people feel like giving for
them. Some fine bargains will be
given there during the time the shop
The shop has been well patronized.
It has had a number of regular cus
tomers who come there regularly to
do their shopping and never leave
without buying something. There are
many good articles of value in the
shop that must go out before Sat
urday night if anybody wants them.
In closing the shop those in charge
wish to thank every one who has
helped, both those who have donated
articles to be sold and those who have
bought. The shop has been the means
of bringing many dollars to the Red
Cross and has been a great help to
the cause of humanity. But it has
done its work, the war is over, never
to return, it is hoped, and the shop
ceases to function Saturday evening.
The German constitution, or program for conducting the government,
published today, shows that the Germans have adopted woman suffrage with
the formation of their new government. The constitution is regarded os
liberal and progressive.
Germany also announces that she will be good; will demobilize her army,
which should have been demobilized long ago and will comply with the
terms of the armistice. President Wilson's threat to renew the war, prob
ably got through the German skulls and prompted this action. The cable
Features of Constitution.
COPENHAGEN.—The program of the new German government just pub
lished in Berlin includes equal rights for men and women; improvement in
educational systems; conscription along democratic lines to establish a
people's army; regulation of maximum prices for food and the necessities
of life; care of the wounded and for the families of those killed during
the war; socialization of all industries that are ripe for such action, and
particularly coal and iron mines, and considerable addition to the income
Will Disarm and Demobilize.
WEIMAR, Germany—Frederich Ebert, president of Germany, has an
nounced to the newspapermen here that the government is arrangeing details
for the complete disarmament and demobilization of German troops.
Rev. Wayne S. Snoddy, pastor of
the Moscow Presbyterian church, de-,
livered the following excellent ad
dress on our late ex-president at the
Roosevelt memorial services held last
Sunday. The excellent address is
here given in full: '
Text: "Be ye doers of the word
and not hearers only," Jas. 1:22.
Our republic owes its institutions,
its safety and its present world-wide
influence to an unbroken procession
of noble souls. From 1776 to 1919
our country has passed thru many
crises, and in them all Providence
seems to have prepared beforehand
leaders for every emergency. Each
crisis is a new crisis and therefore
each leader is a new being. Paul is
not like Moses, Shakespeare is not
like Dante, Lincoln is not like Wash
ington, and Roosevelt is not like our
others heroes. When a painter ex
hausts himself he makes replica's of
his masterpieces, but his repetitions
reveal mediocrity. When a minister
begins digging down in his barrel for
old sermons, funeral robes may be
ordered both for himself and for his
church, for he has exhausted his
genius. But the infinte God never
exhausts Himself and therefore each
new leader is a unique creation.
Theodore Roosevelt was distinctly
a unique character. Action was the
keynote of his life and of his char
acter-action every moment. He lived
ten years in one—600 years in all—a
crowded and a vital existence. Since
the days when he was old enough to
toddle his restless nature bade him
be up and doing. "Deeds not words"
was his favorite phrase. "Be you
doers of the word and not hearers
only," was his favorite scripture text.
He massed so many exploits into his
life that a mere catalog of them
would fill a thick volume. He was
statesman, athlete, explorer, hunter,
author ( soldier, historian, naturalist,
ranchman and a host of other things. .
And thru all the years he was a two
handed, hard-fisted. lion-hearted ,
fighting man. So he gained and kept
his hold upon the American people.
Whatever differences of opinion may
have arisen among us over the events
of his political career, it is not to be
disputed that he won and retained to
the end the largest personal follow
ing of any American in his own gén
ération. The gift of inspiring en
thusiasm and personal devotion was
h(is in an amazing measure. His
friends regarded him with a passion
ate devotion which those outside the
. , , . . ,, , ,
charmed circle could not comprehend.
Yet his enemies hated him as intense
ly as his friends loved him.
His intense energy made his name
and the word "strenuous" synony
mous. He was known as, the greatest
apostle of the strenuous life. It was
not enough that Roosevelt desired
honor, office and usefulness, but he
resolved to possess these treasures.
The real worth of the soul that takes
its rise in the will. Every life holds
hidden veins of silver or gold, but
only those who dig for the hidden
spoil carry away the riches. What
tireless energy in the career of Alex
ander Hamilton! What a rebuke for
drifters in Daniel Webster's sixteen
hours of work daily for thirty years!
What condemnation for idlers in the
fact that Thomas Edison is now av
eraging twenty hours a day and some
times does not undress for several
nights in succession! And this was
the genius of Roosevelt's life—tire
less industry, travel, books, inter
views, lectures, pleas for the weak
and the poor, every day packed, ev
ery hour overflowing until the cup
of life was full. His example rebukes
our ease and bids us quadruple our
Mr. Roosevelt was by birth an ar
istocrat but by choice a democrat.
No man ever lived with a greater
passion fo r democracy . In taste he
(Continued on page 4.)
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