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The Daily Star-Mirror VOLUME VIII MOSCOW. LATAH COUNTY, IDAHO THURSDAY, MARCH 6, 1919 NUMBER 13®' That the moral responsibility for starting the war has been established but that no legal responsibility can be determined because of a lack of law to punish, is the announcement coming from Paris today. The committee investigating this phase finds no court in which to try W. Hohenzollern and others responsible for the war on a criminal charge. Government troops in Germany have gone over to the Spartacans and are assisting these bolshevists in their efforts to overthrow the government and form a junction with the Bolsheviki of Russia. The general strike in Germany is claimed by the government, to have failed but a number of large plants are admitted to be shut down. England will demand of Germany reparation for every ship sunk and every life lost by submarine warfare. This will be England's first demand. Large numbers of Spartacans and government troops have been killed in sanguinary fighting in portions of Germany. Machine guns and ar tillery are now being used by both sides. The situation in Germany is still fraught with the gravest danger to the peace of Europe. The cable story of happenings in Europe today follows: Cannot Punish Kaiser Bill. PARIS.—The report of the peace conference commission to determine the responsibility of the authors of the war, it is understood, will be com pleted tonight and presented to an early meeting of the supreme council. ll Y Lansing, state, man. It is understood that the commission's report, while fixing the moral responsibility fails to find legal responsibility because there is no precedent in law governing the case and no court existing to try the accused, if legal guilt were found evident. The supreme council at this afternoon's session, first .considered the pro posal by the American delegation to invite the various committees to draw articles embodying their reports with the view to a formation of a treaty of peace. The second matter taken up was the question of discussion of military and naval reports on the new conditions to be imposed on Germany. England to Ask Full Reparation. LONDON, Wednesday, via Montreal.—The British delegates to the peace conference have been instructed to submit as the first demand, full repara tion for British sea losses during the war, including compensation for rel atives of marines who lost their lives, according to a statement made by Lloyd George to a representative from the mercantile marine service today. Artillery Being Used on Berlin Streets. BERLIN, Wednesday.—(By Associated Press.)— Considerable artillery fighting has taken place in the vicinty of police headquarters which are held by the government forces since darkness. Both Spartacans and government forces have lost large numbers of killed in the fighting Wednesday before the police headquarters in Alexander Platz, according to a Berlin dispatch to the Politiken. Fighting was finally ended by negotiations. Government Troops Join Spartacans. BERLIN, Thursday.—(By Associated Press.)—The volunteer marine divi sion and a portion of the republican militia which have been supporting the government have joined the Spartacans. An attempt by Spartacans, thus reinforced, to storm police headquarters this afternoon, was repulsed. Great Strike Called a Failure. BERLIN, Wednesday.—(By Associated Press.)—The leader of the major ity socialists informed the Associated Press correspondent tonight that so far the general strike is a failure. It was stated that wherever workmen ballotted secretly the opposition to a strike was overwhelming. Among the big plants shut down today are those of the General Electric company. Government Recognizes Soldier-Workmen's Council. Wednesday.—Negotiations at Weimar, where the new f German government is established, have resulted in the German government proposing that soldiers and workmen's council should be made an organized part of the governmental system under the new constitution, according to a dispatch received from Berlin. New Armistice for Huns and Poles. POSEN, Wednesday.—(By Associated Press.)—The interallied commis sion sent to arrange new armistice terms between the Germans and the Poles, left today to meet the German delgation. Fighting in German Bosnia. VIENNA, Wednesday.—(By Associated Press.)—There has been sanguin ary engagements between Czech soldiers and citizens in numerous towns in German Bosnia, according to reports received here. United States Serves Notice on Italy. WASHINGTON.—Italy has been warned by the American government that unless she ends the delays in movements of relief supplies to the newly established Jugo-Slavic and Czecho-Slavia states, steps will be taken By this government to cut off the flow of American food stuffs to Italy. ME I« MAH 11 TOWN THIS WEEK deputy collector cole will SPEND THREE DAYS HERE AND WEEK IN COUNTY The income tax man is in Latah county. W. A. Cole, deputy collector, reached Moscow Wednesday evening and will be here until Saturday night. He then goes to Troy on Monday, March 10, Kendrick Tuesday, March 11; Juliaetta, Wednesday, March 12 Genesee and Friday, March 13 and 14. While in Moscow he is located in the office of Deputy United States Marshal Mark Howe, the third floor of the federal building. He will be glad to meet all who have to pay income taxes and to assist them in preparing their lists and the taxes can be paid to him. on There are a few changes in the law For from that in operation last year, instance, a person married during the year gets exemption allowed ried person for only that portion of the year in which he or she were married, instead of being regarded as having been married the entire year. Thus if a person were married July 1 he or she would get exemption at the rate of $1000 per year for the first half of the year and $2000 per Or, if a a mar year for the second half, man lost his wife or a woman lost her husband during the year he or she would pay income tax on all in comes at the rate of more than $2000 for the portion of the year in which the deceased husband or wife lived, but would have to pay on all above $1,000 per year for the portion of the year that he or she were single. There are many complications in the law that, to the novice, seem very difficult of solution. Mr. Cole will be glad to assist all in filling out their reports or "questionnaires" and give information that will help in arriv ing at the amount of taxes that are due. Payments may be made to him when the "questionnaires" are pre pared. He will be in his office from 8 a. m. till noon and from 1 p. m. till 6 Thursday, Friday and Satur day of this week. Help Make Out Return. "While the Bureau of Internal Rev enue is sending to every county in the United States experts to aid in the making out of income tax returns, it is not ot be supposed that these officers are to relieve taxpayers al together of their duty in this respect," said Collector of Internal Revenue Whaley today. "Many persons, with out even taking the trouble to glance over the forms, hand them to revenue officers expecting them to make out the complete return. This necessitates a number of questions which only the taxpayer himself can answer, such as, 'were you in 1918 married and living with wife or hus band ? ' "Taxpayers are urged to read care fully the instructions and fill in the forms to the best of their ability, leaving to the experts only such ques tions as to which, they may be in doubt. "One each form is printed the fol lowing: " Tf you need assistance go to a deputy collector or to the collector's office, but first read instructions and fill out this sheet in pencil as well as you can.' "By heeding this advice taxpayers will save themselves and the govern ment much time and trouble." Reach Agreement on Copper, WASHINGTON — A tentative agree ment has been reached between the copper producers and the war de partment under which the producers wi n se n the government's surplus stock at prevailing market prices, charging only the actual cost of sell ing. +++++++++++++++++ ♦ FOURTEEN THOUSAND ♦ SOLDIERS RETURN HOME ♦ + + + ♦ NEW YORK.—The steamship ♦ ♦ Leviathan, formerly the German ♦ ♦ "Vaterland" the largest passen- + + ger ship afloat, arrived here to- ♦ ♦ day with 10,000 troops of the ♦ ♦ 27th division. The transport Carona, also ar- ♦ + rived today from Brest, with 122 ♦ ♦ officers and 3,782 colored troops, + ♦ majority of whom are from the ♦ ♦ 92nd division. ♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦+ -K) + ♦ ♦ MAN STARTS SCANDAL FORMER NEWSPAPER MAN CON VICTED BY COURT MARTIAL, MAKES CHARGES That the censatlonai charges that American soldiers wer being mistreat ed, abused and were dying by thou sands because of unsanitary condi tions at Brest, France, where they de barked on arrival and embarked on departure from France, were started by a former newspaper man of New York who was tried and convicted by court martial is the announcement of General Pershing and the war depart ment. In revenge for being disgraced the man, Alfred W. Birdsall, is said to have vowed vengeance and immediate ly upon his return started a campaign of charges that have wrung the hearts of American mothers who were made to believe the war depart ment was neglecting the welfare of their sons. Cartoons showing the grave yard at Brest where it was said "Thousands of American Soldiers are buried because of neglect and unsan itary conditions," were made and sent out for free use by newspapers that would use them. General Pershing's report and the statement of the war department follow; WASHINGTON.—A cablegram from General Pershing made public Tues day at the war department, charges that a campaign of criticism against the handling of the embarkation camp at Brest, France, grew out of the trial by courtmartial of Major Alfred W. Birdsall. formerly of the New York Evening Telegram. The message said the "violent newspaper attacks" upon the Brest camp began about the time Major Birdsall returned to the United States, after having been reprimand ed. reduced in grade and fined for striking an enlisted man. It added that Major Birdsall threatened be fore he left that he "would get some one at Brest." Told in DetaiL Pershing's message fol General lows: P. 2155 (a cabled in "Reference quiry from the department) reference criticisms against port of Brest, fol lowing information received from in telligence office at port: "'(a). September, 1918, Major Al fred W. Birdsall, formerly of the New York Evening Telegram and former provost marshal of Brest, convicted by general courtmartial of various offenses. December, 1918, Major Bird sall ordered to Brest in connection with investigation of certain sup posed irregularities. "'(c). January 4, Birdsall sails for United States after having made threats that he would get some one in Brest." '"(d). February 1, 1919, ("about). Violent newspaper attacks begin.' " The war department made public at time the courtmartial record in Major Birdsall's case, was charged with violation of the 196th article of war, the general ar ticle covering conduct unbecoming There were three speci '"(b). 1919, Major the same He an officer, fications charging that in June, 1918, Major BirdsaH struck Corporal Harry W Clärens an infantry head quarters company in the face with his hand: cursed Clärens, who was then a prisoner in confinement, and ordered him placed in irons in viola tion of army regulations. Found Guilty. Major Birdsall was found guilty on all specifications and sentenced to be repirmanded, reduced to the foot of list of majors of the quarter for the period of one the master corps year and fined $600. In reviewing the case the reviewing Lion or Lamb? m m 7/ i. 7 / i % I: " nrry m WSSk /•XvA'A'A I JfW* _ /A % 'O 7 , I 'Â % 7 , E ÜÜ: j^. Ö5. m * if officer reported the sentence "totally disproportionate to the gravity of the offensé committed by this officer," but added that in order that the of ficer should not escape punishment "however inadequate," the sentence was approved. \o Extenuating Circumstances. "In administering this reprimand," the review of the proceedings con tinued, "the reviewing authority is compelled to recognize the fact that the offenses of which this officer was convicted were without an extenuat ing circumstance and further .that it appears from the record to have been his policy to abuse and strike en listed men, who wer prisoners, and even to abuse officers . "For future guidance, the review ing authority feels that it is his duty to inform this officer that there are attributes, the possession of which are essentially a part of the char acter of an officer of the United States army; that among those at tributes are true manliness and courage—not only the courage that will stand the test of actual war, but also the quality of courage that spurns the idea of bullying or as saulting a defenseless fellow being. Despicable Act. "The striking of a defenseless, or derly prisoner by one in whose cus tody and protection he has been placed is despicable, No brave or degradation of power or position. Regardless of the views of any courtmartial, it is an act funda mentally incompatible with the ideals and emotions of one worthy the posi tion of an officer of the United States army." Pi CELEBRATE FIRST THE SAVANNAH WAS FIRST TO CROSS OCEAN WITH STEAM IN 1818—HER RECORD SAVANNAH, GA.—The centennial anniversary of trans-Atlantic steam navigation will be celebrated here on May 22, the date when the Savannah the first ship to cross the Atlantic propelled by steam and the fore run ner of the great ocean greyhounds of today, sailed from this port for Liv erpool on her historic voyage. The Savannah was built at New York City and was launched on Aug by the two Rogers—Captain Moses Rogers being the commander, and Captain Stevens Rogers, the sailing master. The vessel left New York City March 28, 1819, and arrived in this city for the first time on April 12, 1819. On May 22, 1819, the trip across the Atlantic was started from this port. Everything went well until June 17, when the vessel was stopped by the British cutter Kite, whose com mander thought the Savannah was on fire and stopped her to assist in fight ing the flames. The vessel was stopped outside Liverpool by an English sloop of war, whose commander wished the Ameri can vessel to display the British col ors above its own. Captain Rogers refused and threatened the British of ficer with a boiling water bath if he did not leave the ship. He immedi ately left. The Savannah docked in Liverpool on June 20, after completing the voy age in twenty-nine days and eleven hours. The engines were used only eighteen days on the trip. The entrance of the Savannah un der full steam caused excitement in Liverpool and while the vessel re mained in port it was the center of interest. The Savannah then pro ceeded to Stockholm and on Septem ber 18, arrived at St. Petersburg, (now Petrograd) where she was in spected by the American and foreign ministers and the nobility. The ship left St. Petersburg on September 29. 1819, and arrived in Savannah on November 30, after an absence of 192 days. This was the first and last trip of the Savannah adross Ihe Atlantic. After her engines were removed and she was used as a sailing vessel be tween New York and Savannah. She was wrecked off Long Island in 1821. H. A. Herbert Dead. TAMPA, Fla.—Hilary A. Herbert, secretary of the navy during Cleve land's second term, died her today. , aged 85 years. UTHH COUNTY IS 10 HAVF FEAR SNOW SLIDES IN THE COEUR D'ALENE'S In the vicinity of Burke and Mace. Idaho, people are moving out of the known danger zones Tuesday be cause of the favorable conditions for slides, according to a Wallace report, which states it is snowing heavily again. The snow is said to be deep and wet and conditions are similar to those of five years ago when slides killed two people at Burke and five at Mace. A small slide came down yesterday at Mace and another at Blackbear. Neither did any damage. While the snow is soft and wet the danger is great on steep mountain sides where there is little vegeta tion. LAFAYETTEE KEENE AND WIFE RETURN PIONEERS OF MOSCOW SPEND WINTER IN FLORIDA BUT ARE GLAD TO COME HOME Mr. and Mrs. Lafayette Keene re turned last evening from Florida where they have been spending the winter. They visited on the way with relatives in Michigan and Ind iana. They report that they saw no country that looked so good to them as Latah county. In Florida the climate was variable, some days be ing warm and others quite chilly, with no heating apparatus in the houses but gas fixtures, which were net heat giving. Miami, Florida, where they visite<J, is a summer resort of perhaps 40,000 inhabitants, including the tourists. A number of wealthy people of the nor thern states have winter homes there, including W. J. Bryan. Mr. Deering of the Deering farm imple ments, has a beautifully improved es tate of 100 acres, which it is reported cost several million dollars. Miami is building up rapidly. A vacant lot opposite the postoffice, sold while Mr. Keene was there, brought $1500 a front foot. The land is very stony, dirt being hauled from a distance to make flower beds and front yards. Mr, and Mrs. Keene went to Amer ican Ridge today to visit their son, Wade. IS MADE CHAIRMAN MOSCOW POSTMASTER WILL HAVE CHARGE OF VICTORY JLOAN DRIVE IN COUNTY The committee to handle the 5th coming Victory Loan Drive was se lected last evening at a meeting of the County Council of Defense. The following committee was named: W. F. Morgareidge, chairman; Guy Wolfe, Dr. Ira Boyd, E. C. Boom and Elmer Paulson. The amount authorized to be raised by congress by this loan is $7,000,000, 000. The drive will start sometime in April. The state quotas of this drive are fixed at approximately the same amounts as the quotas of the Fourth Liberty Loan issue. State chairman, Montie B. Gwinn of Boise has called a meeting of the county chairmen of Idaho to be held in Boise on or about March 21st. At this meeting it is proposed to fix the quotas of the various counties of the state, but until such meeting is held the amount of Latah's quota will not be known. The County Council of Defense will assist the Victory Loan committed in handling the drive. DENTAL CLINIC WELL ATTENDED MANY DENTISTS FROM OTHER TOWNS WERE IN MOSCOW FOR THIS MEETING At the dental clinic held in Mos cow the first of the week, there were 19 dentists in attendance, were Drs. G. A. Chapman, N. A. Faus, J. F. Tlfft of Colfax: Drs. A. A. Rounds. A. E. Hudson of Pullman: Drs. W. F. Gilbert, Kuhn, H. R. Fos ter Atkinson of Lewiston; Dr. C. H. Bentley, Dr. Dwire of Garfield; Dr. Buchanan of Ilo; Dr. Risley of Pa louse; Dr. Blakemore of Oakesdale; Dr. Trosper of Tekoa, and Drs. Boyd, Phillips, McDaniel and McBryde of 'Moscow. Of this association Dr. Gilbert of Lewiston is president, and Dr. Bent ley of Garfield is secretary. The next meeting will be held during the month of June in Lewiston, where a prosthetic clinic will be put on by Dr. Stansbery of Seattle. These The county commissioners are hold ing a special session and are acting on road matters, of which many have come before the board at this ses sion. Four highway districts elec tions have been called and other peti tions and election returns are being considered. The vote of Moscow dis trict was canvassed and found to be as reported, 385 for to 46 against and when the commissioners are appointed by the governor the district will 1« or ganized and a bond election called. Potlatch district is to have its elec tion on April 5, with five voting places. Potlatch, Viola. Palousc, Farm ington and Cora. There seems to be no doubt the district will be carried by a big majority. Bovill and Troy will vote on high way districts on March 29. The vote in Bovill district, which includes Hel mer, will be at Bovill, the only poll ing place in the county. A committee from Linden brought the Cedar creek election returns on the good roads district it is proposed to form there. The proposition car ried by 47 to 9. The vote was can vassed by the commissioners today. Attorney G. C. Hoyt of Troy brought the Troy petition in today and had it allowed and the election set for March 29th. The commissioners have bought a lot of wood, giving one contract for bull pine wood to A. G. Gilbertson, who is to deliver 25 cords at $6, per cord, delivered at the court house. George D. Guernsey of Princeton was given a contract to deliver 75 cords at $8.86. This is to be first class yel low pine, fir and tamarack. The to tal amount contracted for is 100 cords. Mr. Gilbertson lives east of town and will deliver his wood by team. Much routine business is also be ing transacted by the board which will have a full report of its proceed ing published next week. OUTLOOK IS BETTER A NUMBER OF NEW CASES RE PORTED BUT GENERAL CONDI TIONS ARE IMPROTED Despite the-fact that a number of new influenza cases are reported, gen eral conditions are causing much op timism and there are bright prospects that the ban will be lifted Monday if conditions continue to improve. It is believed now that many of the cases thought to have been influenza are tonsilitis. colds and other slight aila ments that are not contagious. Many of these who were taken sick several days ago have recovered and there are very few serious cases in town. New cases are reported at eight different homes in Moscow today. There are more than one case in sev eral of the homes. Dr. W. A. Adair, city health officer, gave the follow ing homes as having been quarantined today: 340 North Washington; 322 North Van Buren; 210 South Jack son, one on West A street: corner Howard and Second: one on North Adams, three cases at the Eggan apartments, one "on West Third and one on South Main street. Children are forbidden to be on the streets, except on business and are not permitted to visit other homes or congregate in large numbers any where. The closing of all places of amusement will prevent crowds gath ering and it is believed that, if proper care is used, everything will be opened Monday as usual, but people are urg ed to obey all regulations and help stamp out the disease quickly. Dr, Adair warns all who have any suspicious symptoms, such as sore throats, cold or temperature to re main at home for all such homes will be quarantined. All members of a family where such symptoms are not ed must also remain at home. If they do not do this voluntarily they will be placed under quarantine. WASHINGTON STATE HAS MANY SLACKERS SEATTLE'.—Approximately cases of technical violations of the selective service law have been dis covered by federal investigators in Olympia, Wash., Clarence L. Reames, •pedal United States district attorney, announced here today. He said that several hundred cases will be prose cuted. 29,000 Mrs. Moore Buried Today. The funeral of Mrs. L. R. Moore was held from the Grice chapel at 1 o'clock this afternoon. Rev. H. O. Perry, pastor of the Methodist church conducted the services, which were simple and impressive. There were many floral offerings Interment was ■in the Moscow cemetery. m Library Board Meets. At the monthly meeting of the pub lic library board, all members were present except Mr. Nisbet, who was out of the city on business. Those present were Mesdames MacMartin. Little, Axtell and Davis. The usual bills were allowed. Miss Alice Bes see, libarian gave the following re port: Adult attendance, 1228; juve nile attendance. 791; adult circula tion, 769; juvenile circulation, 34&.