The Daily Star-Mirror
MOSCOW. LATAH COUNTY, IDAHO THURSDAY, MARCH 6, 1919
That the moral responsibility for starting the war has been established
but that no legal responsibility can be determined because of a lack of law
to punish, is the announcement coming from Paris today. The committee
investigating this phase finds no court in which to try W. Hohenzollern
and others responsible for the war on a criminal charge.
Government troops in Germany have gone over to the Spartacans and
are assisting these bolshevists in their efforts to overthrow the government
and form a junction with the Bolsheviki of Russia.
The general strike in Germany is claimed by the government, to have
failed but a number of large plants are admitted to be shut down.
England will demand of Germany reparation for every ship sunk and
every life lost by submarine warfare. This will be England's first demand.
Large numbers of Spartacans and government troops have been killed
in sanguinary fighting in portions of Germany. Machine guns and ar
tillery are now being used by both sides. The situation in Germany is still
fraught with the gravest danger to the peace of Europe.
The cable story of happenings in Europe today follows:
Cannot Punish Kaiser Bill.
PARIS.—The report of the peace conference commission to determine
the responsibility of the authors of the war, it is understood, will be com
pleted tonight and presented to an early meeting of the supreme council.
man. It is understood that the commission's report, while fixing the moral
responsibility fails to find legal responsibility because there is no precedent
in law governing the case and no court existing to try the accused, if legal
guilt were found evident.
The supreme council at this afternoon's session, first .considered the pro
posal by the American delegation to invite the various committees to draw
articles embodying their reports with the view to a formation of a treaty
of peace. The second matter taken up was the question of discussion of
military and naval reports on the new conditions to be imposed on Germany.
England to Ask Full Reparation.
LONDON, Wednesday, via Montreal.—The British delegates to the peace
conference have been instructed to submit as the first demand, full repara
tion for British sea losses during the war, including compensation for rel
atives of marines who lost their lives, according to a statement made by
Lloyd George to a representative from the mercantile marine service today.
Artillery Being Used on Berlin Streets.
BERLIN, Wednesday.—(By Associated Press.)— Considerable artillery
fighting has taken place in the vicinty of police headquarters which are
held by the government forces since darkness.
Both Spartacans and government forces have lost large numbers of killed
in the fighting Wednesday before the police headquarters in Alexander
Platz, according to a Berlin dispatch to the Politiken. Fighting was finally
ended by negotiations.
Government Troops Join Spartacans.
BERLIN, Thursday.—(By Associated Press.)—The volunteer marine divi
sion and a portion of the republican militia which have been supporting
the government have joined the Spartacans. An attempt by Spartacans,
thus reinforced, to storm police headquarters this afternoon, was repulsed.
Great Strike Called a Failure.
BERLIN, Wednesday.—(By Associated Press.)—The leader of the major
ity socialists informed the Associated Press correspondent tonight that so
far the general strike is a failure. It was stated that wherever workmen
ballotted secretly the opposition to a strike was overwhelming. Among the
big plants shut down today are those of the General Electric company.
Government Recognizes Soldier-Workmen's Council.
Wednesday.—Negotiations at Weimar, where the new
German government is established, have resulted in the German government
proposing that soldiers and workmen's council should be made an organized
part of the governmental system under the new constitution, according to
a dispatch received from Berlin.
New Armistice for Huns and Poles.
POSEN, Wednesday.—(By Associated Press.)—The interallied commis
sion sent to arrange new armistice terms between the Germans and the
Poles, left today to meet the German delgation.
Fighting in German Bosnia.
VIENNA, Wednesday.—(By Associated Press.)—There has been sanguin
ary engagements between Czech soldiers and citizens in numerous towns
in German Bosnia, according to reports received here.
United States Serves Notice on Italy.
WASHINGTON.—Italy has been warned by the American government
that unless she ends the delays in movements of relief supplies to the newly
established Jugo-Slavic and Czecho-Slavia states, steps will be taken By
this government to cut off the flow of American food stuffs to Italy.
ME I« MAH
11 TOWN THIS WEEK
deputy collector cole will
SPEND THREE DAYS HERE
AND WEEK IN COUNTY
The income tax man is in Latah
county. W. A. Cole, deputy collector,
reached Moscow Wednesday evening
and will be here until Saturday night.
He then goes to Troy on Monday,
March 10, Kendrick Tuesday, March
11; Juliaetta, Wednesday, March 12
Genesee and Friday,
March 13 and 14. While in Moscow
he is located in the office of Deputy
United States Marshal Mark Howe,
the third floor of the federal
building. He will be glad to meet
all who have to pay income taxes
and to assist them in preparing their
lists and the taxes can be paid to
There are a few changes in the law
from that in operation last year,
instance, a person married during the
year gets exemption allowed
ried person for only that portion of
the year in which he or she were
married, instead of being regarded as
having been married the entire year.
Thus if a person were married July
1 he or she would get exemption at
the rate of $1000 per year for the
first half of the year and $2000 per
Or, if a
year for the second half,
man lost his wife or a woman lost
her husband during the year he or
she would pay income tax on all in
comes at the rate of more than $2000
for the portion of the year in which
the deceased husband or wife lived,
but would have to pay on all above
$1,000 per year for the portion of
the year that he or she were single.
There are many complications in
the law that, to the novice, seem very
difficult of solution. Mr. Cole will
be glad to assist all in filling out their
reports or "questionnaires" and give
information that will help in arriv
ing at the amount of taxes that are
due. Payments may be made to him
when the "questionnaires" are pre
pared. He will be in his office from
8 a. m. till noon and from 1 p. m.
till 6 Thursday, Friday and Satur
day of this week.
Help Make Out Return.
"While the Bureau of Internal Rev
enue is sending to every county in
the United States experts to aid in
the making out of income tax returns,
it is not ot be supposed that these
officers are to relieve taxpayers al
together of their duty in this respect,"
said Collector of Internal Revenue
Whaley today. "Many persons, with
out even taking the trouble to glance
over the forms, hand them to
revenue officers expecting them to
make out the complete return. This
necessitates a number of questions
which only the taxpayer himself can
answer, such as, 'were you in 1918
married and living with wife or hus
band ? '
"Taxpayers are urged to read care
fully the instructions and fill in the
forms to the best of their ability,
leaving to the experts only such ques
tions as to which, they may be in
"One each form is printed the fol
" Tf you need assistance go to a
deputy collector or to the collector's
office, but first read instructions and
fill out this sheet in pencil as well
as you can.'
"By heeding this advice taxpayers
will save themselves and the govern
ment much time and trouble."
Reach Agreement on Copper,
WASHINGTON — A tentative agree
ment has been reached between the
copper producers and the war de
partment under which the producers
wi n se n the government's surplus
stock at prevailing market prices,
charging only the actual cost of sell
♦ FOURTEEN THOUSAND
♦ SOLDIERS RETURN HOME ♦
NEW YORK.—The steamship ♦
♦ Leviathan, formerly the German ♦
♦ "Vaterland" the largest passen- +
+ ger ship afloat, arrived here to- ♦
♦ day with 10,000 troops of the ♦
♦ 27th division.
The transport Carona, also ar- ♦
+ rived today from Brest, with 122 ♦
♦ officers and 3,782 colored troops, +
♦ majority of whom are from the ♦
♦ 92nd division.
MAN STARTS SCANDAL
FORMER NEWSPAPER MAN CON
VICTED BY COURT MARTIAL,
That the censatlonai charges that
American soldiers wer being mistreat
ed, abused and were dying by thou
sands because of unsanitary condi
tions at Brest, France, where they de
barked on arrival and embarked on
departure from France, were started
by a former newspaper man of New
York who was tried and convicted by
court martial is the announcement of
General Pershing and the war depart
ment. In revenge for being disgraced
the man, Alfred W. Birdsall, is said to
have vowed vengeance and immediate
ly upon his return started a campaign
of charges that have wrung the
hearts of American mothers who
were made to believe the war depart
ment was neglecting the welfare of
their sons. Cartoons showing the
grave yard at Brest where it was said
"Thousands of American Soldiers are
buried because of neglect and unsan
itary conditions," were made and sent
out for free use by newspapers that
would use them. General Pershing's
report and the statement of the war
WASHINGTON.—A cablegram from
General Pershing made public Tues
day at the war department, charges
that a campaign of criticism against
the handling of the embarkation camp
at Brest, France, grew out of the trial
by courtmartial of Major Alfred W.
Birdsall. formerly of the New York
The message said the "violent
newspaper attacks" upon the Brest
camp began about the time Major
Birdsall returned to the United
States, after having been reprimand
ed. reduced in grade and fined for
striking an enlisted man. It added
that Major Birdsall threatened be
fore he left that he "would get some
one at Brest."
Told in DetaiL
Pershing's message fol
P. 2155 (a cabled in
quiry from the department) reference
criticisms against port of Brest, fol
lowing information received from in
telligence office at port:
"'(a). September, 1918, Major Al
fred W. Birdsall, formerly of the New
York Evening Telegram and former
provost marshal of Brest, convicted
by general courtmartial of various
December, 1918, Major Bird
sall ordered to Brest in connection
with investigation of certain sup
"'(c). January 4,
Birdsall sails for United States after
having made threats that he would
get some one in Brest."
'"(d). February 1, 1919, ("about).
Violent newspaper attacks begin.' "
The war department made public at
time the courtmartial
record in Major Birdsall's case,
was charged with violation of the
196th article of war, the general ar
ticle covering conduct unbecoming
There were three speci
fications charging that in June, 1918,
Major BirdsaH struck Corporal Harry
W Clärens an infantry head
quarters company in the face with
his hand: cursed Clärens, who was
then a prisoner in confinement, and
ordered him placed in irons in viola
tion of army regulations.
Major Birdsall was found guilty on
all specifications and sentenced to be
repirmanded, reduced to the foot of
list of majors of the quarter
for the period of one
year and fined $600.
In reviewing the case the reviewing
Lion or Lamb?
officer reported the sentence "totally
disproportionate to the gravity of the
offensé committed by this officer,"
but added that in order that the of
ficer should not escape punishment
"however inadequate," the sentence
\o Extenuating Circumstances.
"In administering this reprimand,"
the review of the proceedings con
tinued, "the reviewing authority is
compelled to recognize the fact that
the offenses of which this officer was
convicted were without an extenuat
ing circumstance and further .that it
appears from the record to have been
his policy to abuse and strike en
listed men, who wer prisoners, and
even to abuse officers .
"For future guidance, the review
ing authority feels that it is his duty
to inform this officer that there are
attributes, the possession of which
are essentially a part of the char
acter of an officer of the United
States army; that among those at
tributes are true manliness and
courage—not only the courage that
will stand the test of actual war, but
also the quality of courage that
spurns the idea of bullying or as
saulting a defenseless fellow being.
"The striking of a defenseless, or
derly prisoner by one in whose cus
tody and protection he has been
placed is despicable,
No brave or
degradation of power or position.
Regardless of the views of any
courtmartial, it is an act funda
mentally incompatible with the ideals
and emotions of one worthy the posi
tion of an officer of the United
THE SAVANNAH WAS FIRST TO
CROSS OCEAN WITH STEAM
IN 1818—HER RECORD
SAVANNAH, GA.—The centennial
anniversary of trans-Atlantic steam
navigation will be celebrated here on
May 22, the date when the Savannah
the first ship to cross the Atlantic
propelled by steam and the fore run
ner of the great ocean greyhounds of
today, sailed from this port for Liv
erpool on her historic voyage.
The Savannah was built at New
York City and was launched on Aug
by the two Rogers—Captain Moses
Rogers being the commander, and
Captain Stevens Rogers, the sailing
master. The vessel left New York
City March 28, 1819, and arrived in
this city for the first time on April
On May 22, 1819, the trip across
the Atlantic was started from this
port. Everything went well until
June 17, when the vessel was stopped
by the British cutter Kite, whose com
mander thought the Savannah was on
fire and stopped her to assist in fight
ing the flames.
The vessel was stopped outside
Liverpool by an English sloop of war,
whose commander wished the Ameri
can vessel to display the British col
ors above its own. Captain Rogers
refused and threatened the British of
ficer with a boiling water bath if he
did not leave the ship. He immedi
The Savannah docked in Liverpool
on June 20, after completing the voy
age in twenty-nine days and eleven
hours. The engines were used only
eighteen days on the trip.
The entrance of the Savannah un
der full steam caused excitement in
Liverpool and while the vessel re
mained in port it was the center of
interest. The Savannah then pro
ceeded to Stockholm and on Septem
ber 18, arrived at St. Petersburg,
(now Petrograd) where she was in
spected by the American and foreign
ministers and the nobility.
The ship left St. Petersburg on
September 29. 1819, and arrived in
Savannah on November 30, after an
absence of 192 days.
This was the first and last trip of
the Savannah adross Ihe Atlantic.
After her engines were removed and
she was used as a sailing vessel be
tween New York and Savannah. She
was wrecked off Long Island in 1821.
H. A. Herbert Dead.
TAMPA, Fla.—Hilary A. Herbert,
secretary of the navy during Cleve
land's second term, died her today.
aged 85 years.
UTHH COUNTY IS 10 HAVF
FEAR SNOW SLIDES IN
THE COEUR D'ALENE'S
In the vicinity of Burke and Mace.
Idaho, people are moving out of the
known danger zones Tuesday be
cause of the favorable conditions for
slides, according to a Wallace report,
which states it is snowing heavily
The snow is said to be deep and
wet and conditions are similar to
those of five years ago when slides
killed two people at Burke and five
at Mace. A small slide came down
yesterday at Mace and another at
Blackbear. Neither did any damage.
While the snow is soft and wet
the danger is great on steep mountain
sides where there is little vegeta
AND WIFE RETURN
PIONEERS OF MOSCOW SPEND
WINTER IN FLORIDA BUT ARE
GLAD TO COME HOME
Mr. and Mrs. Lafayette Keene re
turned last evening from Florida
where they have been spending the
winter. They visited on the way
with relatives in Michigan and Ind
iana. They report that they saw no
country that looked so good to them
as Latah county. In Florida the
climate was variable, some days be
ing warm and others quite chilly,
with no heating apparatus in the
houses but gas fixtures, which were
net heat giving.
Miami, Florida, where they visite<J,
is a summer resort of perhaps 40,000
inhabitants, including the tourists. A
number of wealthy people of the nor
thern states have winter homes
there, including W. J. Bryan. Mr.
Deering of the Deering farm imple
ments, has a beautifully improved es
tate of 100 acres, which it is reported
cost several million dollars.
Miami is building up rapidly. A
vacant lot opposite the postoffice,
sold while Mr. Keene was there,
brought $1500 a front foot. The land
is very stony, dirt being hauled from
a distance to make flower beds and
Mr, and Mrs. Keene went to Amer
ican Ridge today to visit their son,
IS MADE CHAIRMAN
MOSCOW POSTMASTER WILL
HAVE CHARGE OF VICTORY
JLOAN DRIVE IN COUNTY
The committee to handle the 5th
coming Victory Loan Drive was se
lected last evening at a meeting of
the County Council of Defense. The
following committee was named: W.
F. Morgareidge, chairman; Guy Wolfe,
Dr. Ira Boyd, E. C. Boom and Elmer
The amount authorized to be raised
by congress by this loan is $7,000,000,
000. The drive will start sometime
in April. The state quotas of this
drive are fixed at approximately the
same amounts as the quotas of the
Fourth Liberty Loan issue. State
chairman, Montie B. Gwinn of Boise
has called a meeting of the county
chairmen of Idaho to be held in Boise
on or about March 21st. At this
meeting it is proposed to fix the
quotas of the various counties of the
state, but until such meeting is held
the amount of Latah's quota will not
The County Council of Defense will
assist the Victory Loan committed in
handling the drive.
MANY DENTISTS FROM OTHER
TOWNS WERE IN MOSCOW
FOR THIS MEETING
At the dental clinic held in Mos
cow the first of the week, there were
19 dentists in attendance,
were Drs. G. A. Chapman, N. A. Faus,
J. F. Tlfft of Colfax: Drs. A. A.
Rounds. A. E. Hudson of Pullman:
Drs. W. F. Gilbert, Kuhn, H. R. Fos
ter Atkinson of Lewiston; Dr. C. H.
Bentley, Dr. Dwire of Garfield; Dr.
Buchanan of Ilo; Dr. Risley of Pa
louse; Dr. Blakemore of Oakesdale;
Dr. Trosper of Tekoa, and Drs. Boyd,
Phillips, McDaniel and McBryde of
Of this association Dr. Gilbert of
Lewiston is president, and Dr. Bent
ley of Garfield is secretary. The next
meeting will be held during the
month of June in Lewiston, where a
prosthetic clinic will be put on by
Dr. Stansbery of Seattle.
The county commissioners are hold
ing a special session and are acting
on road matters, of which many have
come before the board at this ses
sion. Four highway districts elec
tions have been called and other peti
tions and election returns are being
considered. The vote of Moscow dis
trict was canvassed and found to be as
reported, 385 for to 46 against and
when the commissioners are appointed
by the governor the district will 1« or
ganized and a bond election called.
Potlatch district is to have its elec
tion on April 5, with five voting
places. Potlatch, Viola. Palousc, Farm
ington and Cora. There seems to be
no doubt the district will be carried
by a big majority.
Bovill and Troy will vote on high
way districts on March 29. The vote
in Bovill district, which includes Hel
mer, will be at Bovill, the only poll
ing place in the county.
A committee from Linden brought
the Cedar creek election returns on
the good roads district it is proposed
to form there. The proposition car
ried by 47 to 9. The vote was can
vassed by the commissioners today.
Attorney G. C. Hoyt of Troy brought
the Troy petition in today and had it
allowed and the election set for
The commissioners have bought a
lot of wood, giving one contract for
bull pine wood to A. G. Gilbertson,
who is to deliver 25 cords at $6, per
cord, delivered at the court house.
George D. Guernsey of Princeton was
given a contract to deliver 75 cords
at $8.86. This is to be first class yel
low pine, fir and tamarack. The to
tal amount contracted for is 100 cords.
Mr. Gilbertson lives east of town and
will deliver his wood by team.
Much routine business is also be
ing transacted by the board which
will have a full report of its proceed
ing published next week.
OUTLOOK IS BETTER
A NUMBER OF NEW CASES RE
PORTED BUT GENERAL CONDI
TIONS ARE IMPROTED
Despite the-fact that a number of
new influenza cases are reported, gen
eral conditions are causing much op
timism and there are bright prospects
that the ban will be lifted Monday if
conditions continue to improve. It is
believed now that many of the cases
thought to have been influenza are
tonsilitis. colds and other slight aila
ments that are not contagious. Many
of these who were taken sick several
days ago have recovered and there are
very few serious cases in town.
New cases are reported at eight
different homes in Moscow today.
There are more than one case in sev
eral of the homes. Dr. W. A. Adair,
city health officer, gave the follow
ing homes as having been quarantined
today: 340 North Washington; 322
North Van Buren; 210 South Jack
son, one on West A street: corner
Howard and Second: one on North
Adams, three cases at the Eggan
apartments, one "on West Third and
one on South Main street.
Children are forbidden to be on the
streets, except on business and are
not permitted to visit other homes or
congregate in large numbers any
where. The closing of all places of
amusement will prevent crowds gath
ering and it is believed that, if proper
care is used, everything will be opened
Monday as usual, but people are urg
ed to obey all regulations and help
stamp out the disease quickly.
Dr, Adair warns all who have any
suspicious symptoms, such as sore
throats, cold or temperature to re
main at home for all such homes will
be quarantined. All members of a
family where such symptoms are not
ed must also remain at home. If
they do not do this voluntarily they
will be placed under quarantine.
HAS MANY SLACKERS
cases of technical violations of the
selective service law have been dis
covered by federal investigators in
Olympia, Wash., Clarence L. Reames,
•pedal United States district attorney,
announced here today. He said that
several hundred cases will be prose
Mrs. Moore Buried Today.
The funeral of Mrs. L. R. Moore
was held from the Grice chapel at
1 o'clock this afternoon. Rev. H. O.
Perry, pastor of the Methodist church
conducted the services, which were
simple and impressive. There were
many floral offerings Interment was
■in the Moscow cemetery.
Library Board Meets.
At the monthly meeting of the pub
lic library board, all members were
present except Mr. Nisbet, who was
out of the city on business. Those
present were Mesdames MacMartin.
Little, Axtell and Davis. The usual
bills were allowed. Miss Alice Bes
see, libarian gave the following re
port: Adult attendance, 1228; juve
nile attendance. 791; adult circula
tion, 769; juvenile circulation, 34&.
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