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FIRST AilD LAST CHURCH SHELLED Mezieres Victim of Hun Ferocity Even Up to Signing of Armistice. BELLS Aft CARRIED AWAY After Suffering in 1521 It* First At tack Sacred I Tier Cot Germans' Parthian Shot—Full of His toric Intcrect. By M. L'ABBE A. POULIN. (In the New York Herald.) Mezieres. Ardennes, Prance.—It is a fact known to everyone that the Ger mans, after having desperately begged for the armistice, shelled the town of Mezieres, even up to the exact mo ment of the beginning of the armistice, cowardly and without any military reason whatever. They alined espe cially at the monuments, which were well known to them, as they had oc cupied the city for four years. Among the latter the church Is es pecially to be mentioned. It Is a fine Gothic flamboyant structure with five naves, the largest and perhaps the most beautiful of the country. This church has had, among other princely visitors, the honor of celebrating the marriage ceremony of Charles IX and Elisabeth of Austria (1570). We make bold to assert that it was "the last of the churches shelled." A fact less known, although not less Interesting, Is that It was also "the first of the churches to be shelled." Begun in 1490, It was 22 years old when In 1521 the Imperials besieged Mezieres, defended by Bayard, the knight without fear or reproach. His torians relate that shells were em ployed for the first time during this siege. The enemy shelled the town for exactly month, from August 31 until September 27, and one part was entirely destroyed. The monuments as well as the church were struck by the projectiles, as Is proved by the archives of the epoch, kept In the de pository of the department of Me zieres. Several large holes had to be mended in the roof of the church steeple as "the glass frame of the round of the steeple which had been broken during the siege." Many Times Bombarded. One can notice that the bombard ments of this epoch, even compared to those that the history of after times was to note, were not—as certain people might believi dren.' however, to undergo more terrible ones on three different occasions. Completed with difficulty In 1626, that is to say, a hundred and twenty seven years after the laying of the foundation atone, it was soon to have lived the golden age of its life. To say nothing of the fire which broke out in its steeple (1682), neither of the acts of vandalism of the revolutionists, let us speak only of the bombardments which it suffered. * The Prussians shelled it in 1815. An Inscription on the wall reminds the reader that it was nearly ruined. It lost Its beautiful stained-glass win dows of the sixteenth century and the exterior pinnacles were seriously dam «ged. Several shells penetrated Into the interior, causing a great deal of damage. Hardly had the damage of 1815 been repaired when a new cloud arose on the horizon and threatened Mezieres In 1870. New Invasion, new fears and new ruins for our town on the fron tier. 'games of chll The church of Mezlered was, The 8l6t of December, 1870, and 1st of January, 1871—German Christmas box—the enemy again shelled Me zieres. The church was principally aimed at and was once more the vic tim of the shells, which spoiled the Steeple, burst the vaults, broke the sculptures and stained-glass windows. Loses Peal of Bells. During nearly forty-seven years these ruins had been repaired. The church of Mezieres had passed the greater part of this great war without damage, but In 1917 and 1918 the Ger mans took away the five beautiful bells, the most tuneful and the loud est In the country, and what is worse broke the organ in order to get down the bells. But the church Itself re mained uninjured. It would have been too much luck for our church, the des tiny of which seemed united to all our national woes. On November 10, less than twenty-four hours before the ar mistice, the fury of the retreating en emy poured out in the vile bombard ment of Mezieres, which lasted twen ty hours. Among other buildings the Church of Our Lady was struck. All the stained-glass windows were either' totally or partly broken, and what is more Important, the flamboyant roui llons of many windows were broken. The church was struck by many bombs, some of which hit the lantern of the steeple, the tower of the signal man. Some struck the top, some the vault, some the interior of the coun terforts. Thanks to the armistice, which fame Jhst In time to prevent the enemy from destroying Mezieres totally, the damage, though considerable, is not beyond repair. But it is certain, too, that this bombardment Is another proof of the insincerity and the sav agery of our i nemies, and—a fact worth noticing— that our church, the ■rat church to he shelled in history, was alao the last. UhCORATED MANY TIMES $r~ w \ •• f : il tv j : i $ : i*s SB® ' x - - ' ' ; / ... Mrs. Hilda Wynne of the British Red Cross, probably the most medaled of all women war workers, who ar rived recently in New York. Mrs. Wynne has seen service on the British, French, Belgian and Rus sian fronts, and has been decorated with the Order of St. John of Jerusa lem, tli» Order of Leopold, the Croix de Guerre, the Mens Star, the sliver and gold medals of the Order of St. George of Russia. The Italian sil ver medal of Valor, the Italian War Cross and the Red Cross Order of Merit. She is here representing the duke d'Aosta's committee to provide relief for wounded Italian soldiers. SHE BOOSTS CASTRO Mexicafl General Employs Wom an Press Agent. Pretty Senorita Gets Stories About Chief in American News papers. Juarez, Mexico.—Mexico is as mod ern as she is ancient. Gen; Jesus Au gustin Castro, the new commander in chief of the northeastern military zone, not only has a woman press agent hut a pretty one, to see that the general's campaign against the Villa forces receives proper attention from the Mexican and American border newspapers. She is Senorita Teresa Rodriguez, daughter of a prominent Mexican poli tician of Mexico City, who came north soon after General Castro was re lieved front active duties as subsec reljary of war to conduct a campaign against the bandits of the north. Se norita Rodriguez does not speak a word of English, but she succeeded In having her photograph and a sketch of General Castro printed In all the American border papers as soon as she arrived from Chihuahua City to begin her publicity campaign for the Mexican commander. Yet Senorita Rodriguez said, in her most liquid Spanish, she did not wish to exert what the Americanos called "petticoat influence" to get her stories printed. "Why should not the Mexicans adopt the best the Americans have originat ed?" she said at military headquar ters to the Associated Press corre spondent. "The much-abused press agent has served a very useful purpose In pre senting to the public the good features of every worthy movement, every campaign conducted by military or po litical lenders, and even your Presi dent Wilson recognized this when h«k appointed a director general of pub licity. . "General Castro does not order me to have his deeds and pictures pub lished, although he has done many brave deeds and is a sterling military man. What he instructed me to do, especially on the American side of the border, was to correct many false Ira pressièrts subsidized Mexican papers have givetrthe American public''about Mexico and its Internal conditions. In doing this I feel I am serving my coun try, and besides I enjoy the work." Largest Whistle. Pittsburgh—What Is said to be the largest whistle In the world has been placed on one of the smokestacks of the Homestead Steel Works. The whistle, 200 feet above the ground, Is five feet long and one foot in diameter and Is connected with a three-inch steam pipe. It requires 160 pounds of steam to blow the whistle, which can be heard twelve miles. THE DAILY STAR-MIRROR, Tllfn IlirriSP innrn IUU11 IftfrriS ÜIIIIMI I HU VVLLIlU nUULU Tfl Cl nn«ll PnilTCCT III il 11 lift N ||i ||l I 111 I ' -- ÜUI1 1 LU I Two weeks have been added to the PRIZES AGGREGATING $60 OF FERED FOR BEST SLOGAN FOR THE VICTORY LOAN K 1 1 '1 « i 9 I G \ rd # uni (V mm m "'Wf? Lt» ! (V m» ■M T/A i-xtl You are throwing away baking pow der money At 4 6< St t Wasting baking powder and expensive baking materials—frittering away valuable time If you are not using Calumet Baking Powder. If you "doubt it— just give Calumet one trial. The saving it makes will prove that tt CALUMET is the best baking powder in the world—sold at the fairest price — costs far less than high priced Trust brands—costs but little more than cheap brands—gives much better results than either. You use only half the amount usually required—it goes twice as far. It never fails—never causes baking loss. And it gives a better . grade of bakings than can be had with any other leavener—regard- à l less of cost. J k Used in the Army and Navy—in millions of homes— m by leading hotels, restaurants, and bakeries. Made in the largest, finest, and most sanitary baking powder factory in the world. M W A wonderful baking powder for all baking requirements. m 1 AKING I *0T HADE BY THE TfW* 5 ! turn a mm* ! aait« You save materials it is used with. Highest Quality Highest Awards You save when you buy it You save when you use it— s SK5 (A CHICAGO ♦ MOSCOW, IDAHO, TUESDAY, MARCH period of the Victory Liberty Loan slogan contest. Instead of closing March 22 the final day will be April 5. This extension of time was made at the request of the Southern Cali fornia Liberty Loan committee, which will mak e a specia 1 campaign to arouse interest during the last three weeks in the hope that good enough slogans may be created to give south ern California the distinction of win ning all three of the cashprizes of 18, 1919 $30, $20 and $10. The only limit in the contest is the number of words that can be used in any slogan. Twelve is tjie limit but the shorter the better declares the slogan editor, who adds, "We want a stirring battle cry that will express the spirit of the country in floating this last loan." Here are a few of the thousands that have been submitted: "Victory Bonds Bind Victory." "Don't Quit Because the Kaiser Did." Are You Grateful? Loan." "What is Victory Worth to You? "Prosperity for Posterity." "You Ordered Victory. Pay the "This Loan is the Last. Let's Fin ish it Fast." "If You Don't Like Our Victory Loan, Try Germany's. ft Price. Read The Daily Star-Mirror "Want Ads."