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SEVEN HUN SPIES
SHOT IN BRITAIN Another Was Hanged and Many More Are Serving Prison Terms. TRICKED BY DETECTIVES False News Manufactured So That Germany Might Be Misinformed— Spies Were of Very Little Service to Germany. - London.—In the possession of a sergeant-major of the British military foot police is a peculiarly made leath er strap—or, rather, a series of straps —for which Madame Tussaud's doubtless would pay a large sum of money. It Is the strap with which German spies caught In this country and con demned to death were fastened In a special chair at the Tower of London prior to being shot. Like a wise man, the sergeant-major had the strap made to his own design and paid for It with his own money. It is to him a priceless relic of the great war. Germany's vaunted spy system, like the overboomed German navy hardly realized expectations. There were, it Is true, a great many spies In England, both before and after the war acting on behalf of the kaiser. Most of them were neutrals, and came originally from South American states. The British secret service resem bled its magnificent navy. It did Its work as silently and effectively, and the necessary reticence observed as to Its doings contributed very materially to the discomfiture felt by the Ger man government owing to the mis leading Information which "fell" into German hands. u Mythical Barrage in Channel. As a matter of fact, the naval in telligence department, under Rear Ad miral Hull, acting in conjunction with the censor's department, provid ed false Information to the Germans, an Instance being the mythical Strait of Dover submarine barrage revealed by Sir Roger Keyes. Nearly all Germany's spies In this country attempted to forward their information by post. But thanks to the censor's staff it was rarely these letters, even although written in in visible ink, went undetected. All spies were not arrested Imme- - dlately they were detected. The Brit ish secret service, ever considerate, allowed them to send and receive let ters and collect information, but it re served the privilege of opening the correspondence both ways and mak ing alterations likely to be of more use to the allies than to Germany. It is difficult to estimate the value of the information obtained by this method. The Hun, with his profound disrespect for British finesse, prob ably never will believe that Britain could be guilty of such astuteness. It Is certain that Germany obtained very little that was useful from her Aples In England. From the outbreak of war the ports were too carefully watched to permit of much leakage. Up and down the east and south west coasts of England were, how ever, many "hydros," palatial hotels, built right on the sea, with large cop per domes twinkling brightly for many miles out at sea. And the manager was often a German. Eight Gorman spies were executed in this country, while many more are undergoing long terms of penal servi tude. For obvious reasons the names of many never were revealed. The Imperial government continued to communicate with them blissfully unaware that their agents had gone to a bourne from which not even a German spy returns. The British se cret service kindly acted as the spy's deputy. Executed in Tower. The ex 'cution of these spies Is nat urally an unpleasant subject, but none the less K teresting. After the secret trial and condemnation to death the spy was taken to the tower, there to await the dread summons in the early hours of the morning. Taken from his cell by a party of military police the spy was strapped to a chair iu a quadrangle of the tower. There, fac ing him, about ten paces distant, was a firing party, nsuaKv eight men, from the battalion of guards on duty at the time. A low Instructio i from the officer in command to aim at the heart, a sharp order "Fire!" a burst of flame, and the crack of eight rifles had end ed the career of another of Germany's tools. One spy was hanged at Wormwood Scrubs prison ; seven others were shot. The hanging coat about $100, and, coming to the conclusion that it • would be just as effective, to say noth ing of considerably cheaper, it was 'decided to shoot all spies at the tow er. Eight cartridges at three cents each was a much more appropriate valuation of a German. Of the female spies much doubt less will be written by fiction writers of the future. Like the men, they suc ceeded in getting comparatively little information of value out of the coun try. Most of them, neither young nor beautiful like the spy of the story writer, are languishing behind prison walls and will remain there for some years to come. British chivalry for bade their execution. "FLU" SERUM USELESS Physicians Are Still Hunting for a Preventive. U. S. Laboratory Director Says No Cure for Baffling Disease Is Known. New York—Considering that the in surance companies of the United States lost about $130,000.000 during the three months last year when the Influenza epidemic was at Its height. It was but natural that when the Asso ciation of Life Insurance Medical Di rectors met In annual convention In Newark the physicians and public health themselves almost exclusively to the search for some preventive measure which would preclude another outbreak of the plague. And yet, although It was shown that about 6,000,000 people In the world perished from It, 400,000 of whom were Americans, all the medical experts ad mitted that the disease was completely baffling. Said Dr. G. W. McCoy, di rector of the hygienic laboratory of the public health service In Washington. "There Is no serum that I know of which Is of the slightest value In pre venting Influenza, nor Is there a serum that Is of any use whatever In the treatment of the disease." He made this statement after carefully experi menting with serums and vaccines In all parts of the country where the dis ease had broken out, and particularly In Pelham Bay and the army camps where the mortality was great. authorities should concern Allies' Rifle Strength Greatest When Needed Washington.—Figures Ing the rifle strength of the al lied and enemy force on the western front during the last eight months of the war were re ceived by the war departutent. They show that up to July 1 the allies were outnumbered from 200.000 to 300,000, but that they reached their peak on Septem ber 1, when they had 1,682,000 opposed to the Germans' 1,339, 000 . show Rifle strength Is the number of "men in the trenches ready to go over the top with the bay onet. American division of 27,000 com bat troops Is 12,250. This shows that the actual armies on the western front totaled more than twice ns many as the rifle strength figures. During the hard fighting from September 1, the Germans' losses were appalling, the flg-. ures showing a drop In their strength from 1.339,000 to 866, 000 on November 1. During the same period the strength of the allied forces dropped only » from 1,682,000 to 1,485,000. The rifle strength of an HUN FARMS READY FOR WORK Factory District« In Germany Still Complaining About Terms of Armistice. Coblenz.—The farmers are preparing for their spring work throughout the occupied area. Restocking of farms Is progressing rapidly. A canvass within the area of the Thirty-second division shows that the farmers now have 754 horses as against 383 on November 11. Insistence by the allies upon the prompt compliance with the armistice terms has brought continued complaint from German factory towns. Essen complains, for example, In the last few weeks, 24,000 cars and 5,000 locomotives have been sent out of that district and that as a result traffic has been greatly reduced. It Is as serted that the food and fuel shortage has been made serious by the Inability to move supplies. The food shortage in the Coblenz area Is considerable, but perhaps not so serious as at Cologne, a much larger city, where there has been a greater Influx of discharged soldiers. The population Is returning to work as rap idly as possible, but the inability to procure fuel supplies on account of the German miners' strike has de layed the reopening of many work shops. CANADA GAVE 8,000 AVIATORS 4,280 Men of British Royal Air Service Were Recruited In the Dominion. London.—Canada sent 8,000 aviation afficera overseas to Join the royal air service during the war, according to » statement made at Mendon by Sir Edward W. Kemp, Canadian minister )f overseas service. Of these, he said, 4,280 were directly recruited in Canada and the most of the rest were transferred from the Canadian service to the royal air serv ice after their arrival In Europe. Sir Edward's statement was madq n the course of an address In which he »ccepted, tn the name of Canada, 15 «Irplunes which had been presented to the dominion by Canadian and Brlt •sh residents of London. Preacher Woke Them Up. Fremont, Neb.—Noting the Inatten ,1on of his congregation, a Fremont pastor stopped his sermon to order the church windows thrown open so hat fresh air would rouse the sleep era. Then be finished bis sermon. WOMEN ORGANIZE TO MAKE DEMOCRACY SAFE ST. LOUIS, Mo., March 24.—Or ganization of a league of women vol unteers to finish the fight for woman suffrage and to aid in reconstruction work in America was urged by Mrs. Carrie Chapman Catt of New York, president of the national woman suf frage association, in an address she delivered here tonight before the golden jubilee convention of that or "5 W ft V, A i Q. » S3 K jyrmenvTMt ti^L ALUME 9 IIUJUII OUCAOO 's' Don't try to save money buying cheap or big-can Baking Powders. You can't do it You'll throw out more in spoiled bakings than you save on price of the E owder. And don't think that old style high priced powders are est because they cost most. They are not J 1 g% m a ifAirT umLi/iIVc I BAKING POWDER has proved in millions of bake-day tests that it is the best baking powder ever made—that's why it is the biggest selling baking powder in the world today. No other baking powder makes such tempt ingly good—tender, wholesome bakings. No powder of anywhere near the same quality is sold at such a low price. You use less of Calumet—because it is the high est grade baking powder. One teaspoonful is equal to two of most other brands. And there is no "luck" about it when you use Calumet. No loss. It is absolutely sure. It is the most economical of all. Millions of housewives use it—and so do leading domestic science teachers and cooking experts. You save when you buy it—You save when you use it Calumet contains only such ingredients as have been approved officially by U. S. Food Authorities. Made in world's largest, finest, most sanitary baking powder factory. QUALITY AWARDS :n NOrKAKByTHCtjjL ALUME jp Hcpr HIGHEST t* Chicago 'U r'JÇ - m « -> m» * :Æ * 'Tar' Jr m w |»vV. & * . . V, ' ■> f/h "f Nr liiJ .r ganization. Mrs. Catt proposed this as the best and most patriotic me morial to the pioneer women of the suffrage movement. As outlined by Mrs. Catt, the chief purposes of the plan of the proposed league of women voters are; First, to use its utmost influence to obtain the final enfranchisement of the women of every state in the United States and to aid the women of all other countries in their strug Igle to obtain their rights. Second, to remove the remaining legal descriminations against women in the codes and constitutions of the American states. Third, to stabilize the democracy of America and "to make democracy so safe that every citizen may feel secure and great' men will acknow ledge the worthiness of the American republic to lead." To achieve these object Mrs. Catt called on the women of America to "enlist for a five years' service." Five years, she believed, ought to see these purposes accomplished or well under way. At the end of that time she suggested there should be an account- ing of achievements to see if it would De necessary to continue the exist- ence of the proposed league. - Ka Mrs. I. W. Cook entertained in formally yesterday afternoon a few of the new faculty women. The af ternoon was spent in sewing and re freshments were served.