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DAIRY n it MILK CART THAT IS CURIOUS Device Resembles Life-Sized Cow In Which Product Is Stored and Kept at Right Temperature. A curious Idea for milk carts Is con tained In a patent, applied for ln 1S9S, says the Popular Mechanics. Just what It Is Intended for Is told by the Inventor himself; "My invention Is a new and useful improvement in milk refrigerators and delivery apparatus. ami has for its object the provision of a device that resembles a life-sized cow, in which milk may be stored and kept at a proper temperature, and from which it may be drawn as occasion requires after the manner of milking a cow. Within the body are receptacles or compartments, each of which Is provided with a cover and adapted to contain the desired quan tity of milk. By the use of two re ceptacles two qualities of milk may be stored at the same time, such as sweet milk and buttermilk. In the bottom of each of the receptacles is located a valve having a spring for normally holding it in place, so as to prevent the downflowing of the milk. Each of the teats has a toggle-lever 1 Â JL 3 • " ' iV Cow Gives Ice-Cold Milk. connected to a lift-rod, and when the latter is raised the valve Is lifted and the milk flows out of the teats. By proper manipulation of this device a realistic representation may be had of the milking of a cow. 'The portion of the body of the im itation cow not occupied by the milk receptacles Is utilized for the storing of ice to maintain the milk at a prop er temperature. The imitation cow stands riveted to a wagon platform and Is drawn through the streets In the same manner as an ordinary milk cart." WHICH IS BEST DAIRY BREED? Question Often Asked and Never Satisfactorily Answered—Selec tion of Individual Is Vital. ; How often does that question come up? It is constantly asked, and never satisfactorily answered. Which girl will make the best wife? There are a host of men trying to find out. On the cow question the following ■classification by Prof. F. E. Wood ward of Utah is comprehensive, fair and just: Ranked with reference to the amount of milk produced, the breeds stand as follows: Holstein, Ayrshire. Guernsey and Jersey. With reference to richness of milk: Jersey, Guernsey, Ayrshire, Holstein. With reference to color of milk; Guernsey, Jersey. Ayrshire. Holstein. With reference to size: Holstein, Ayrshire, Guernsey, Jersey. With reference to early ma turity qualities: Jersey, Guernsey, ll With reference Good cows And poor Milk Producing Power. Other things being equal, the ca paclty for digestion of a dairy cow represents her mllk-produclng power, With large, strong digestive organs she is able to assimilate much (ooo and transform It into more valuable, ^l/'n. m i Ï I: ■ Ferris Golden Winnie. Ayrshire, Holstein, to ability to rustle for a living: Ayr shire, Jersey. Guernsey, Holstein. There Is very little difference in the amount of butter fat that is produced on the average by various breeds. There Is a great deal more difference between the individuals of a breed than between the breeds, are found in every breed, cows are found In every breed, good Holstein Is better than Jersey, and a good Jersey Is Ijetter than a poor Holstein, of a breed, then, is not of so much importance as the selection of the In dividuals within the bred. The illustration shows the head of Ferris Golden Winnie, a champion 2-year-old Jersey Heifer on the Wis consin state farm. A a poor The selection food, milk and butter fat. DAIRY WINDOW IS IMPORTANT Practical Arrangement Is Shown In Illustration to Prevent Draft on Cows While In Barn. Dairy cows should never have a ; draft on them in the barn, so 1 had 1 ray windows made In such a way that I they can be opened from the top. as shown by c, says a writer in Farm and Home. The carpenters attached a three-cornered board, a a. at each side of the window to prevent wind coining In from the sides when the window Is open. There are cleats, b. ...... r CL ■c fTn b\\ p* - I i r— | :_ j ki a: j j Modern Barn Window. on these boards to hold the windows d i : dlJ n*PVJQIBI«V i mm at the proper place. I like to have the windows wide open. I don't care then If there Is a draft through the barn, so these windows were put in loose and can be opened at one side, as shown by d. In the summer NOT MERE MILKING MACHINE Story of Man Who Sought to Make Fortune in Dairy Busines ed With Nondescript Cows. Start (By R. B. BUCKHAM.) Among my acquaintances there is numbered a man who recently de cided to make a trial of furnishing Having For a start, he purchased half a dozen cows of nondescript extraction, and set himself up In the business of a milk farmer. His idea seemed to be that all he had to do was to feed a little grain and hay to these animals, night and morning, and In return re celve an abundant supply of milk, the equivalent of ten times and more. In value. milk for the local markeU ventured into several other branches of agriculture without having achieved any great success at any one of them, he determined to attempt this; make one more play for favor at the hands of Dame Fortune. But before he had been at It long he found that he had made a mistake In his calculations, somewhere. The account was running against him, in stead of in his favor. He was play ing a losing game, once more! What was the trouble? Simply this, that he had misjudged animal nature. In one respect, at least. There is no such thing as a milk machine, patented or unpatented. Into which you can pass hay or grain at one end at your pleasure, and pull a valve and draw off milk from another, to your fancy. At any rate, a cheap, scrubby cow Is not such a machine, and cannot be made over Into one. These six cows turned out to be Just ordi nary. barren quantity milkers, a bur den and expense upon any man who assumed their care and keep. And now they are for sale, away below what he paid for them, but are a poor bargain at that. Capacity of Swiss Cow. It Is claimed a well-bred Swiss cow weighing 1,200 pounds, fed on the rich nutritious mountain grasses, will give an average of ten quarts of milk per | day for ten months or 750 to 800 gal Ions, besides raising a thrifty calf. j ; j ■ j D Dry cows and poor cows are two snags that dairymen should steer j clear of. Breed your favorite breed In a man ner that will conform to all of your requirements. Successful dairying Is like riding a wheel. If you don't keep moving you will fall off. No dairyman can afford to grow tim othy hay on land that will yield good crops of clover. Let every cow stand on her own individual merit and not live on the profits from her sister. The dairy cows are our best friends and the farm without them Is on the road to Impoverishment. Cleanliness In the dairy business is more a matter of Inspiration than edu cation In sanitary methods. Individual excellence Is the only safe guide to follow In selecting a herd of profitable dairy cows. In figuring up the profits from the cows the past year don't neglect to count in the manure produced. Moistening the hands either with milk or water before milking Is only a habit, and not a good one at that. It is mistaken economy to put off feeding grain and supplemental for age crops until everything in the pas ture is consumed. The true value of the cow depends not on herself alone, but on the feed ing, shelter and functional action of the organs of nutrition. Any dairy cow of any breed should give her own weight In milk each month for at least six months, and an extra good cow will do better, The grade cows are the basis which the dairy business rests at the present time and they are the cows | that we shall continue to do business with owing to their greater numbers and less cost. on WATER FOR POTATOES Before Planting Land Should Be Thoroughly Irrigated. An observing writer In The Irri gator, a Journal of the irrigated re gion of the Northwest, gives the fol lowing very rational outlines of po tato growing by irrigation: There is no particular number of times during the season that potatoes The idea that _ when Vines Begin to Turn Dark In Color It Is Indication That Mois ture Is Needed—Don't Be Afraid to Cultivate Continually. should be irrigated. there is. is fundamentally false, al though It Is followed by some grow ers and usually accompanied by fail ure. The question Is simply whether or not the plant, at a given time. Is In need of water. Before planting potatoes, the land should be Irrigated, no matter how 3am '' the sotl ma - v apintur be at the time of planting. The ground should be ditched with an ordinary hay lltcher and the water run over It for x period that will vary from one to Tour days. If land Is new from sage brush It will probably need to be wa tered three or four days. You can ludge whether It has been watered enough when the ground Is thorough In this y soaked, In fact, muddy, îrst watering you can hardly get the Ï round too wet. so that the moisture will go down Into the soil eight or ;en feet, thus providing, for six weeks 3r two months, plenty of moisture i *rom beneath. After the ground has ! fried out sufficiently for a horse to Band upon It, It should bo plowed I leeply. It should then be harrowed lown fine when It la ready to bo Potatoee may be planted 12. « or .8 ...W. .p.«, d.pr„d,„ 5n the richness of the soil, and the ise of a large piece of seed Is advls ible. It pays to give the plant plenty 3f sustenance at the start. The po ato patch will not need watering now mtll It Is In bloom. If these directions save been completely followed out. Keep cultivating after the plants :ome up continually, and don't be ifrald to cultivate with the spike ooth harrow after they are four or 5ve Inches high, as the very few that rou will damage with the cultivator .eeth will be nothing compared with While the plants ire In bloom. It Is a wise plan to teep an eye on the patch from day to lay. and If you find any place, as •ou look over the field, where the »Ines are turning dark in color. It neans that they need water and It s time to begin Irrigating. In any svent. the plants should be Irrigated >efore they have gone out of bloom, ör the reason that It Is at the time >f blossoming that the tubers set. and he number of tubers which will set | planted, -he benefit derived. pon the plants depends In a measure ipon the amount of moisture in the toll. Of course, if your plants turn lark before blossoming. It means that here Is not enough moisture In the ion. and you had better Irrigate, but this will not occur If sufficient Irrlgat ng has been done In the beginning. After the first Irrigating, when the plants are in bloom, the only which can be given Is to Irrigate the latch as often as It Is necessary to ieep the soli four or five Inches be rule ow the surface of the ground nicely nolst. so that when you reach your land In and bring out a handful of It in the grip of the hand, and open the hand again, the dirt will clearly show he Indentation of the fingers and be 'airly moist. A year ago. on the po :ato patch which the writer grew. It was necessary to Irrigate about every Ive days, because the hot weather was drawing the moisture out of the soil, and the earth was too dry be leath the surface. Of course. It Is possible to Irrigate potatoes too nuch. but generaly more failures re sult from giving them too little wa ter. However, no man's advice will lelp you In this matter, and your suc cess will depend upon applying the rules of nature with good judgment. In ditching between the rows for the water to run. ditch as deeply as possible. This Is very Important, as In running the water through the ditch great pains should be taken that the top of the water In the ditch Is not high enough to be applied directly to the tubers. A small stream run ning a long time In the bottom of the ditch Is better than a big stream running a short time. Learn to Make Repairs. A boy I know who hopes some day to be a farmer will sit 15 minutes on a rake or mower, and call for some one to tighten a nut or adjust another bit of mechanism, says a writer in an exchange. If he succeeds, he will have to learn to do these things him self, for every farmer must be a ma chinist. The man who can put a reaper together after he has seen It done will do well, but the man who can do It without having seen It done will do better. Time on the farm, aa anywhere else. Is money, and when a tongue breaks It Is money In the pocket to be able to repair without driving to the blacksmith. Keeping Apple Juice. The bureau of chemistry has found that freshly pressed apple Juice, not cider, cooled Immediately after prepa ration, can be kept for a period of from six weeks to three months at 32 degrees fahrenhelt, before It begins to ferment, after which fermentation Is very slow and the flavor of the juice maintained. » IRRIGATE IN WEST KANSAS It Was 1895 Before State Aid Assured Success for Undertaking—Wa ter Supply Unlimited. So far as rainfall is concerned Kan sas Is divided from east to west Into three parts. Only the western third has much use for Irrigation. The first headway made toward placing that part under Irrigation was In 1890. A convention was held at Great Bend that year and a state organization ef fected whose purpose was to study the needs and aid In the development of the country. But this hopeful effort did not get much beyond Its beginning, It was not until 1895 that a definite start was made. Then the leglsIn, ; Mature created a board of Irrlga Ion and appropriated »30.000 for Its »ork. In 189« this board did Us firs* j "ork, and this date can well mark the i start of Kansas Irrigation, ! Throughout the humid and serai arid j districts there Is an unlimited sap i ply of water close to the surface of access to large streams, so Irrigation been largely confined to pumping -usually of 'he windmill type. 1 following cities, especially, are j renters for this type; Garden City, ingles, Cimarron. Dodge City, Kinsley, I Great Bend and Hutchinson. In general the most Important points ' the earth; moreover, there 1s little ! to not ® •" connection with Irrigation ^ western third of the state are ! The cost of a windmill plant will be 'rom »90 to »150. according to the size i °' the Pump use; the cost of the reser Shallow voir will be about »60 more. wells pay belter, as the flow usually | ls tuueh greater. 3oe8 uot P a Y to go below the shale. for then water cannot bo found until a In digging the well NOT DIFFICULT TO IRRIGATE - Not a Complex Problem and Once Lat «rale and Ditches Are Established *"»«.», C.„ W.,.r Practical Irrigation Is not a complex problem. When once the laterals and head ditches are established any bright bay can Irrigate the field, gar den or orchard. Newcomers make a complete success the first season, only needing to take a few lessons watch ing their neighbors on similar ground, When once you have managed the water business yourself for a single season you will never again want to risk your fortune with the clouds and floods and droughts. The time you waste trying to make hay between showers will Irrigate the alfalfa, to say nothing about the hay cured with out rain and dew being worth twice as rauch. The time wasted with rainy days in spring and with waiting for the frost "to go out" and the land to dry off. will bo much more than the time It takes to Irrigate. Irrigation means three times the quantity of bet ter hay. Rain belt often means ru ined hay crops. Irrigation means per feet fertilization of the fruit blossoms depth of at least 250 feet is reached. ' and fruit of large size and perfect color and quality. Rain belt often means ruin of the blossoms, no fruit, or small apples on account of dry spells, poor In color and quality—un certainty, at ease and lack room. If we do not wish them to swarm, we must give them sufficient room. A loose bottom Why Bess Swarm. Bees swarm because the clrcum stances do not suit them, they are 111 board enables the beekeeper to raise t the hive* up whenever needed, and to give as much space for ventilation as may be necessary, a factor In swarming. In nearly every Instance the colonies that swarm are those that have received quite a large number of drones A certain percentage of colonies swarm In spite of anything that ,-iay be done. You must bear In mind that It takes but little to Induce swarming during a good honey bar vest, Drone rearing is U. Ill POULTRY NOTES. Geese are easily raised after first few days of careful watching Generally a hen should not bo kept egg farm after she Is two years the on an old. Incubator chlcka are never lofent* with vermin when they are <■'1 hatched. Don't let chicks squeeze through slatted coops until their bodies are deformed. The Incubator giving the least trou ble Is the one kept In the best work ing condition. The fermentation of a mass of drop pings In the house Is a cause of many throat diseases. You need not be afraid the hens will eat too much crushed shells. Let them have all they want. To try and get along without an Incubator and brooder or brood ers costs more than to have the ma chines. Chopiied onions are very good for all kinds of poultry, only Invigorating, but are excellent when the fowls are subject to colds. A flock of pure bred fowls look nice and are nice. They make the owner want to fix up other things about the farm so they will corespond with the chickens. Colds Induce bronchial affections In fowls as they do In people. The re spiratory organs of poultry are sub jected to the same troubles as those of the human family. If some of the brooder chickens are not quite thrifty as the others they should be put by themselves. If possible, where the stronger ones will not run over thm. and rob them of, ffielr feed. Onions are not 1 Spring Debility Pelt by so many upon the return of warm weather Is due to the Impure, impoverished, devitalized condition of the blood which causes that tired feeling and loss of appetite as well as the pimples bolls and other eruptions so common at this season. It Is cured by the great constitutional remedy which effects its wonderful cures, not simply because it contains sarsaparil. but because it combines the utmost remedial values of more tbuu twentv different ingredients. There is no real substitute for Hood's Sarsamrill/ u j b preparation said to bo -just as good," you may L ^ ^ ^ ^ makl , aI1(1 jie ld,the dealer a là.- r p n V Hood's Sarsaparilla The proper time to do a thing Is when It should bo doue. Garfield Tea assists overworked digestive organs, corrects constipation, clean.es the system and rids the blood of impurities. Why quarrel over religions when all men agree—alt men, that 1», at the same grade of Intellect? Mn Wln»lo*f'n f*.H»thlrijf Hjr teething. tlou, aliaja palu.cur«» wind colic. 16 c * bottle. p for Children fteue the ga , reduce» lud« We always like those who admire us; we do not always like those whom w© admire.— Francis Duc de Itoche faucauld. Dr. Pierce's Pleasant Pellets regulate and invigorate stomach, liver and bowels. Sugar-coated, tiny granules, easy to take aa candy. ourselves In the little dally occurrences Hfe. Chatham. c Important to Mothers ÄÄSÄ Infants and children, and see that It „ . _ _ a 8 ° /TP y/V /7 gnuture of /-CCsCcJuAd * a ' 8 * * or O y cr 30 leurs, Children Cry for I' letcher's Castoriu Good breeding Is benevolence In trifles, or the preference of others to Chlllsome. "I once proposed to a girl In a conservatory." "With what result?" "A lot of expensive plants were nipt by frost."—Washington Herald. He Might Have Earned a Vote. Little Johnnie stood gazing solemn ly on the decrepit form of an old countryman. Noticing the hoy's atten Uon the old man asked; "Well, what Is It. son?" "Say," the Inquisitive youngster asked, "did the polltlclsns kiss you when you was a baby?"—Success Magazine. Forestalled. District Attorney J. F. Clarke of New York was talking about the re cent kidnaping cases. "Kidnapers." he said, ''are apt to disappear now. They have become too unpopular. Why, a kidnaper Is as unpopular as a widower. "Widows, now. are very attractive, but about a widower them la always something uncanny, something almost clammy—I mean, of course, from the matrimonial point of view. "I Know a widower who Is thinking of marrying again. He thought he'd broach the matter delicately the other morning to his little daughter, so he ■aid " 'Ah, my dear, how I did love your mother!" "Hut the little girl gave hlm a bub plclous look and snapped: " 'Say "do." not "did," papa.' " REASONED IT OUT And Found a Change in Food Put Him Right. A man does not count as wasted the time ho spends In thinking over his business, but he seems loth to give the same sort of careful attention to himself and to hts health. And yet his business would be worth little without good health to care for It. A business man tells how ho did him self good by carefully thinking over his physical condition, Investigating to find out what was needed, and then changing to the right food. "For some years I had been bother ed a great deal after meals. My food seemed to lay like lead In my stomach, producing heaviness and dullness and sometimes positive pain. Of course this rendered me more or less unfit for business, and I made up my mind that something would have to be done. "Reflection led me to the conclusion "kgs. Kvcr rm« »he nh.»» letter? A new £? SEEK. VAS. «d ÎS«"fftaS interest. that over eating, filling the stomach with Indigestible food, was responsible for many of the Ills that human flesh endures, and that I was punishing myself In that way—that was what was making me so dull, heavy and un comfortable, and unfit for business after meals. I concluded to try Orapo N'* 1 » food to see what It could do for mo. • "I have been using It for some months now. and am glad to say that I do not. suffer any longer after meals; my food seems to assimilate easily and perfectly, and to do the work for which it was Intended. *T have regained my normal weight, and find that business Is n pleasure once more—can take more Interest In It, and my mind Is clearer and more alert." Name given by Postum Co., Battle Creek, Mich. Read "The Road to Wellvllle," In "There's a Reason." IN THE VERNACULAR. I / ! T)\ A A.J ■AW «U...VÎ J Rooster—Your wife's laying for you! Drake—Gee! 1 guess I'll duck. PHYSICAL WRECK RESTORED TO HEALTH BY GREAT KID NEY REMEDY I f«I it my duly to fumiah you with my testimonial at to what yuur irmedy. Swamp-Root, did fur me when 1 physical wreck from kidney ami bladder trouble. » it a Some years sgo I was not aide to do any work and could only just creep around and am satisfied that had it nut been lot Dr. Kilmer's Swamp-Rout I would nut have lived. After uamg ths prepara'.ios for one month 1 was able to work soma and when I had used $S.OO worth ol Swamp-Root I could do a good day's work. 1 used about »10 00 worth altogether and would not take »10,000 fur the good that it did me. I consider it a God send to suffer ing humanity for the diaeaae for which you recommend it, and have recommended It to many sufferers. H. L. HI GGINS. Welch. Ark Personally appeared Iwfors ni» thia 20lh of September, li>O. 11. !.. Huggins, who •ubacritwd the above statement and mad* oath that the same la true m subetance and in fact. W. A. PACK. J. P. Un.» %m N l - . - A f w. Prove WhsC Swamp-Root Will Do Foe You Send to ton, N. V., for s sample bottle. Dr. Kilmer i. Co,, Ringham It will convince anyone. You will sloo receive a booklet of valuable information, telling all about the kidneys and bladder. When writing, l<e sure and mention thia paper. For tale at all drug (tores. Price Ally cents and one dollar. Indication of Wisdom. "Why do they call the owl the bird of wisdom?" "It stays out all night and doesn't tell what It see* or does."—Judge Sickly Smile Wipe it off your otherwise good looking face—put on that good health smile that CAS CARETS will give you— as a result from the cure of Constipation—ora torpid liver. It's so cosy —do it—you'll sec. 911 CASCARnTS lOu a ho* fora work's trealment. mU <!ruinrlt|>. f M.frr la (Ito w ,rM. Million U>u* • mouxh. fans MVESTOCK AND MISCELLANEOUS Electrotypes IN ORKAT VARIKTY VOKi BALA oAT Tlllt LOWEST PRICKS UY hc, 1 "'! wr.vrruN NrwsPAPm union 954 W. Adams St . Chlcaco Make the Liver Do its Duty Nine lime« in too when the Hear is right tha atomar h and bowels are right, CARTER'S LITTLE LIVER PILLS j . gently bill firmly < pel a lary liver to do its duly. j Cure« Con • Jt. stipation, Indiges lion, Sick m Headache, and Distress after Ealing. Small Pill, Smell Deee, Smell Price Genuine mushm Signature 3 Carters ITTLÏ 1VER PILLS. I Thompson's Eye Water «•>•» rwiur u Irritai! MS •■■••4 by 4 Mt» mmm w»M. HOWARD E. BURTON A 8 ?filM. A T N0 inifn piirM• (Ju.rt. (lUvar, I.pad. |l. (iold, . 75 a*; Isitltl, fiOr; />nç of Oipimr. |i. Stalling V«*" * n d »»ill prie»» Hat arm on application l • tn.l nml mopin' «ork aollrlipd. 1 ««advilla. Col lUtfara.sc«, Car be oa La National Hack.