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itme 8 Pages 8 Pages A Week I y Newspaper Devoted to the Interests of the Settlers of the North Side Tract. Vol. 3. No. 52. JEROME, IDAHO, FEBRUARY 5. 1914 $2.00 Per Year HTANI) HY THU ASSOCIATION. Don't let any land holder on the ■aune North Side tract think that bee there Is a proposition pending with the bond holders leading to an ad justment of our uffulrH that there no longer need of the ('anal Usera' Association, day sees the need of Is On the contrary, every a closer rela tionship between those Interested this section, be he land holder business man. in ■ or There are many matters to be look ed after yet, even though the slons are granted, almost superhuman efforts officers and members of this tlon that the trait is it tlou it is today, with of an ample supply of water for Ir rigation purposes, a blessing that is not enjoyed by many of the traits throughout the state, and this bless ing has only been brought about by the efforts of the association. We have but to Lost River system have been deprived of men U is only by the of the associa nte con (II I an assurance refer to the Big where settlers water, and now stand a chance to lose all they have put Into the land there On the heels of this comes the Information that the settlers on the Little Lost River project are in a serious pre dicament from the fact that not enough water can he obtained to Ir rigate more than 15 per cent of the project. These people selves in about the find them same condition that confronted the settlers on the North Side trad. A reservoir had been constructed for the purpose ol Impounding the Hood waters of the Little Lost River, hut the reservoir failed to hold the vater and Hie set tlers have no other source to look to. The same condition would have pre vailed here hud It not been for the efforts of the association In forcing the company to give us a supply o( storage water from the upper Snake river valley. As is well known, the association has had to make the fight singh handed, and instead of being sup ported by the state which we felt was morally under obligations at least to protect the rights of the settlers we received but very little aid And Judging from the attitude assumed by the present Carey Act Commis »loner, who undoubtedly speaks for the land board, very little assistance can be looked for from that source This Is clearly shown In his atti tude toward the settlers on the Sal mon river project and on the Twin Falls west end segregation. A Mr Welles, who Is a resident of Oregon and an owner of land on the West End project, wrote Mr Taylor, the Carey Act Commissioner, stating that he had spent over $9,000 on the said segregation and appealed to the Id aho officials requesting some action that might protect the money he had spent. It is needless to say that Mr Welles got very Utile satisfaction from our Mr. Taylor, but on the con trary was favored with a letter of rebuke from our commissioner, for even hinting that Oregon had a bet 1er Carey Act system than Idaho. We had though the time hail come of Idaho when the great state through Its land board had seen the former mistakes that had been made and were ready and willing to rectify these as far as It lay In their power, but recent developments would not warrant such an assertion. We don know whether the land board Is blinded by political ambitions or not, but so long as such men as Mr. Tay lor are allowed to shape the desti nies of Carey Act settlers In Idaho. Just so long can we expect to see the state suffer from lark of Immigra 't We But to return to our subject, have given these Instances to empha size the necessity of supporting the i hielt has Canal Users' Association done more for the settlers on the of North Side trad than the state Idaho, through Ils land hoard past and present. In the organization, send membership application to the soc reteary at Jerome. To show your lutere si In your A Washington dispatch of recent date says that the house pensions committee Wednesday favorably re ported Representative French s bill granting pensions to the survivors tho Forsythe scouts at $20 monthly, and $12 monthly to widows, the bill being urged by Tom Welser. of of Ranaban An unconfirmed report omlnates from Salt Lake City, that Mr. D. Burley, general passenger agent the Oregon Short Line, leave the service of the road. reach tho age of 65 Lino We I : of will soon Mr. Burley will soon -- i which under tho Short rules entitles him to a pension. Mr. Burley re years should dislike to soc lire from service with the company. THK TIDD HAH TURNED. So suddenly have the financial af rs of this for the better, howlers stand aghast, w It all eame about. lui great country changed that the calamity and wonder ho For political ect, they had hoped to see a fi nancial panic brought passage of the new currency meas sulficlent to restore confi dence among the financiers and mou y Is flowing like water throug Wall street and should be .■ft on, hut the un i was Mr. Calamity Howler compared to the hog in e packing house, the only differ ence being that he has not got even e squeai left, ho Hudden was the th th jolt. Hardly had the Ink become dry on he document that 'resident Wilson, than the w 1 ork Moated a bond issue $61,009,000 at a premium $3.000,000. was signed by •it y ot N ol <it over it is stated that only once in the history of the alth has such a large sn paid for its securities. Not only is this marked improve ■nt visible in this country, but it readied across Hie < o m mon preiniu in w he :in lias waters anti Into the great money markets of tin world. The vastly improved financial sllu ion has in turn given a great ini tus to the trade und manufactur In response to tin if Hie representatlu re présentât ives, Under at ing Industry, wall of one republican wood replies: "What have 1 t say to tlie birds 111 omen who preach disaster, hop ing to bring their parly back Into power?" of 'Tlie industrial depression have been passing through lias lasted tor more than a year, fore Woodrow Wilson \v< It began bo was elected, cfore the coming elections next fall Hi th ere will he an Industrial awaken ing that will put to shame the panic preaching brokers who cry disaster In order to bring about depression." Then, treating them to ammunition from their vn camp, he cites the re •nt statement of John Wanamakor, ;e a leading republican and a leading business man, who in a New Year's speech before the Union League club Philadelphia, said; "The man who sees nothing but disaster ahead is not a true Ameri can. The breeders of liable ought to be deported. "1 have no fear of any serious un set I lenient of hu-dness or «if any long disturbance of prosperity." And to Mr. Humphrey's tale of Idle men, especially in the iron and steel Industry,. Mr. Underwood re plies; "I represent a great iron and steel district mysoU. Practically every thing made in my district bus been on the free list. We have not received very high prices for our commodities, but the mills, furnaces and factories have been running. Since the holidays 1 have seen in one of the papers that one of the great concerns in that, country has put men to work in dou ble shifts." It is interesting to note that on the same day that Mr. Underwood made the country his promise of prosperity the news dispatches from various dis tricts reported resumption of activity in mills and factories. Thus a Chicago dispatch of January IS states that more than 3,000 men went back to work today in the mills of the Illinois Steel Co., at South Chicago," and Pittsburg correspondent on the same date reported the re-employment of A Hail 1 ><'hI. The echoes of the sale of the state timber land in the Boise basin still resound through tiie capitol build ing at Boise and p) orce the ears of Th e matter has fin the land board, ally gotten into Hit> courts and it Is to be hoped that i t thorough luvestiga tlou of the whole editorial ly 111 result In a Speaking transaction, of this transaction, the Weiser Signai says ; The state land hoard sold the stato timber lu the Bolt a; basin to the Bar ber lumber Co. for a little less than $8.00 per acre, and state Immigration commissioner, is exhibiting pictures of a single tree •hielt contains 30,000 Reed, Major on this tract board feet of lorn her to say nothing of the value of the refuse, price sturapago Is selling for in the Welser forest, $2.50 per thousand, this tree is worth $7S, enough to pay for ten That. Barber At the nearly or acres of the Lumber Co. timber. deal WU a great stroke of business the part of the state land board. on Cullom. senior Illinois, died at Wash id r. Cullom en M. IKuiw Shelby senutoir from lngtom laal week. ton«l ; congress during the first ad tnlstratlon of President Abraham seat in the in Ijjicoln. and has hedd a senate for thirty years. CULEBRA CUT ALMOST CLEARED OUT '■ 0M s < % :• ■ *%, ■ h. « ■ i it ,.• > '4 / v. * M m. * Æ àr . ... <;•:> m ' ••>■ M f ; , ' Wh i# '■<; ■ r , C • ißr' * y* % : * a'! s-:» WM '•i r it . ; Ji 1 I; \ r 8 m > i.iiiïïtiiiimiiiiitiiiiiiiiiiiiMiiiiiiiiiMiiiiiiiiiiuiiiuiiïïnuiiiuiiiiiiuuuiiiiiiiiiiuiiiiiiiiHtiitiiiniiiiintiiiiiiiiiiitiiiiittiiiiiiuuuÛ So rapid has been the work of the huge dredges hsre photographed removing the Cucaracha slide la the Cule> bra cut that the canal will be ready in April for the passage of ocean vessels through its entire length. THE KAUM UNIT. Secretary Lane of the interior De partment has issued an address to the settlers on the government reclama tion projects, which clearly defines the position of the government on its irrigation projects, and the same is applicable to Carey Speaking of farm units, the Secretary Act projects, There each in the humid prairie regions was the land was says: "The most difficult duty imposed upon the secretary of the interior is that of determining the area of land necessary for the support of a fam ily. The law wisely requires this to he done, not only to prevent specula tion in lands, but in order that there shall be farms for all who desire them. By law and by tradition 160 acres have been considered necessary for the upport of a family In the United States. But land was plenti ful when this unity was established, transportation was difficult and con ditions of farm life burdensome. Sel dom in the pioneer days was a quar ter of the 160 acres farmed, was the wood lot, the pasture and the fallow ground. Even in humid re gions. good farm practice required one-half the cultivated area year for recuperation by summer fal So that 160 acres of land lowing. even equivalent to an annually farmed area of only 80 acres, countries the labor and cost of clear In wooded ing and subduing greater than In the desert regions to day under irrigation, nor could the acreage subdued in an average man's lifetime equal one-half his holdings. Even today In the states of Wiscon sin. Oregon, Washington. California, Alabama. Louisiana, Mississippi and in other southern states the cost per acre of clearing and grubbing log ged-off timber lands is greater than of such land conditioned upon Every the cost ot reclaiming desert Much of this land is by Irrigation, lying idle and unproductive for that would take 160 Few men reason. acres clearing SO acres and subduing it by cultivation within ten years time. So that by every measure of compari -hich 1 am familiar 1 can son with find no justification for a farm unit greater than 80 acres or less, man tv whom 160 acres Is given de prives some other man of a home. 1 must, therefore, decline to yield the demand from many quarters to fix farm units at 160 acres ot irri In no case will 1 ap to gable land, prove greater than 80 accès, except where existing contracts with private land owners made rpevlous to my in have been made upon a The 80 acre farm unit cuinbency larger basis, will be fixed only in those regions where climatic, soli and market con ditiuns make so large an area appear to be necessary, and even in such re gions 40 acre tracts lying near to prospective towns a re or towns deemed ample for the support of a family." "There I» another Important mat ter in which 1 think you will agree with me, namely that any reduction of existing terms of payment should be extended, if at all, with caution, to those land owners who are neither their lands nor cultl liug them. There is, unfortunately, residing upon a class of investors, a few in number It is true, who are holding areas of considerable size including lands for which water has been provided at the cost of the project and who are liv ing in cities or remote localities. Many of these people are not culti vating the ground, or. if using it at all, only In the most prefunctory manner. With these are to be class ed certain speculators or dealers in real estate who have purchased lands at low prices or have obtained re linquishments, due to the inability of the former owners to retain the land, and who are holding these lands out of use in the hope ot ob taining a profit by raising the prices rather than by raising crops. The result Is that in the midst of a tract of highly cultivated small farms, there is occasionally a section or a quarter section of land which has been left untouched, or perhaps merely plowed up at some time and which has now grown up to weeds The Karin Unit. and serves as a refuge to Jack rabbits and various kinds of vermin. Weed seeds are blown from these fields and infest the neighboring cultivated land. The presence of these desert ed areas is not only an eye sore hut a direct financial Injury to all of the neighbors. "The owners of these lands are en deavoring to make a profit largely out of the labors of the owners of the surrounding lands who, through their toil in the field, are gradually increasing land values in the vicinity. In other words, they are not only fully enjoying the bounty of the government in providing water for the land, but in like way are indi rectly levying a toll upon the labor and self-denial of their neighbors. "No one can argue that these men have benefit of extension of time in making payment, a. through such benefits It will enabh' them to hold these lands still longer out of cultivation, advance the pricer. increase the load on the newcomer, and further delay the ultimate devel opment of the community and its successful growth. "The injury to the community and to the state lies not wholly in keeping these lands out of profitable use bu: also by not permitting the growth of resident population. By keeping away many desirable citizens, the burden of pioneering laid upon the remainder is increased notably in the maintenance of roads and of schools and of the local institutions so necessary to a rgowing commun ity." I Lost River Sale February Kith. The Big Lost River Irrigation pro ject will be sold at public auction at Hailey, February 16 without more delay. It Is believed that there will be no other hllMers than the Corey Bros, construction company to sat isfy whose Hen the property is being sold. No agreement has been reached between the construction company and the bondholders, as far as it Is possible to ascertain, and it is not likely that the latter will make any attempt to secure the property. The sale Includes the reservation site, all construction work and right of way for the irrigation system, most of which lies within the counties of Blaine, Custer. Fremont and Bing ham. The system proposes to irri gate, under the Carey Act, 100,000 acres in Big Lost River valley. The company which undertook the work was unable to complete the construc tion and Corey Bros. Construction Co. forced the sale of the property to satisfy their claim for work already done. It is believed the $1,500,000 will be lost by the inability of the first company to complete the work and the subsequent forced sale. If the system is bought in by the Corey Bros., as is confidently expect ed, the work will be brought to a completion this year. Conditions of the sale require that 10 per cent of the price shall be in cash, payable immediately and the balance upon amount of the Judgment which must be paid to Corey Bros, upon consu mation of the sale amounts now to about $630,000.—Statesman. confirmation. The Urges Government Ownership. Postmaster General Burleson, in a report made to the senate on Sat urday last, recommends that immedi ate steps be taken for government ownership of the telegraph and tele phone systems. The following sug gestions are incorporated in the re port: First—That congress declare a government monopoly over all tele graph, telephone and radio communi cation. Second—That congress acquire by purchase at an appraised value the commercial telephone network, ex cept farmer lines. Third—That congress authorize the postmaster general to issue re vocable licenses for operation by private individuals or companies of the telegraph service and such parts of the telephone service as may not he acquired by the government. The report is accompanied by sta tistical information collected after one of the most exhaustive investi gations undertaken by the postofflcc department. The report states the United Slates is the only leading na tion which has left to private enter prise the ownership and operation of telegraph and telephone facilities, that practically all of the economists agreed that the telephone and tele graph facilities should be controlled by the government. The capitaliza tion of the long distance ami toll lines represents approximately $200, 000,000 and the capitalization of the entire commercial network is approx imately $900,000.000. An attempt has again been made to publish the second paper in Buhl. Mr. J. W. White, an old pioneer who published the first paper in that town is again in the harness and Is pub lishing the Pioneer. We have before us a copy of speech delivered by Hon. Addison T. Smith in behalf of Woman Suffrage at the Pennyroyal reunion at Fair view, Ohio, last August, and which has found place in tho Congressional Record. GOODING COUNTY BEATEN Highway Commissioners Have Power Over the County Commissioners. County commissioners are, barred by law from overriding the wishes of highway districts in the matter of constructing and repairing roads. The power and Jurisdiction of high way district commissioners are para mount to the power and jurisdiction of county commissioners in such mat ters. The new highway district law provides for home rule in the mat ter of building roads. This is the construction placed on the new law In a decision handed down by the state supreme court on Tuesday. It was in the case of J. O. Baker against Gooding county and the commissioners of that county. This was an original action in the supreme court for a writ of prohibi tion to restrain the commissioners of Gooding county from selling or dis posing of a $160,000 bonds issue, the proceeds of which w'ere to be used in road building in the county. It is alleged in the complaint that there are four highway districts in Gooding county; that they include five-sixths of the taxable property of the county: that they include two thirds of the voting population of the county; that the highway districts were contemplating bond issues of their own; that September 23, 1913, the county commissioners issued a notice of election to be held Oct. 18. 1913; that the resolution was not voted on; that the notice did not re cite the decision of the board to bond the county; that the notice did not state the purpose of the bond issue; that Oct. 13, 1913, the board passed a resolution setting forth that if the bond issue carried, the proceeds would be distributed among the high way districts of the county. The election was held and resulted in 84 9 votes for the bond Issue and 83 against. Then the board of county commis sioners advertised for bids for the purchase of the $160,000 bond issue. Later the bid of John Nuveen & Co. to purchase the entire issue at par was accepted and the county com missioners took up the matter of the distribution of the proceeds of the bond issue among the highway dis tricts and adopted a form of contract to stand between the county and the highway districts. At this stage of the proceedings the alternative writ of prohibition was issued by the supreme court, di rected to the board of county com missioners. The decision handed down Tuesday granting the preem tory writ of prohibition, is under stood to dispose of the case perma nently.—Statesman. A DEMOCRATIC LOVE FEAST. The democrats ot Gooding county held a most enthusiastic meeting at Gooding last week, at which time a Woodrow Wilson club was organized, which starts off with a good list of members. A delegation from Je rome attended the meeting and they report a most Interesting time. After the organization of the club, a smoker was held and refreshments served, and this was followed by some interesting talks by prominent Ex-Governor present. democrats Hawley, Hon. John F. Nugent, and Moses Alexander, all of Boise, were present and propounded democratic principles in a very convincing man The soul-stirring addresses ner. delivered by the two former gentle men, were received with frequent ap plause by those present, but it re mained for Mr. Alexander to carry his hearers completely off their feet by his apt and pointed remarks touching the various phases of de mocracy. He stated that it was a pleasure tor him to visit the home of the High Priest of the republican calamity howlers, but sorry that the gentleman was not in the city to greet him. This is probably the first time that the people of this section have had the privilege of listening to these three distinguished gentlemen from the same platform, but It will pro bably not be the last, as all three have promised to attend the meeting of the Lincoln County Woodrow Wil son Club, which will be held at Je rome on Saturday evening, February 14 th. This will be a public meeting and will probably be held In the Amuse ment hall, and a special invitation will be extended to the ladles to come out and hear these gentlemen talk. We can assure all that they will be most highly entertained re gardless of what their political affili ations may be. A more extended notice of this meeting will be given next week.