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miêln 0imt line » pager 8 PACKS of tha North Side Tract. Weekly Newspaper Devoted to the interests of the Settlers VOU 8 NO. 4«. «LOO PKK YEAR JKROMU IDAHO. DECEMBER Ü0, 1018. THE REAL STORY OP THE LIBERTY MOTOR It is now .disclosed that the ous Liberty Motor, In Us fam essentials, was developed In this country months before the war by the Packard Motor Car Company. Uncle 8am made the Liberty Mo tor under patent license from company and all that ; pro -1 no other country, | did much to discourage the Germans, Commonly believed that two Invent-1 rights return to auto concern with The Lib peace. erty Motor, one of the best In the world, and backed by quantity ductlon possible in ors locked in Washington hotel i war period, j five days, Thelr work consisted of revisions and 1 refinements on motor already devel oped by Packard Co. at cost of $400, 00 ° By a technical oversight, and a possible profit of $66.14, the actual creator of the Liberty Motor, Lieut.- 1 Colonel Jesse G. Vincent, though acquitted of any Intent to defraud apartment, early In our designed this motor in tbe government, became liable to prosecution. This technical violation occurred while the Liberty Motor was being worked out. Mr, Vincent gave up $26,000 a year for a Major's salary. HOLD YOUR LIBERTY' BONDS. Ho^d your Liberty Bonds and War Savings Certifiâtes. Hold them first, because they are the best Investment inthe world backed by every resource In the United States Is the appeal of Secretary of the Treasury William O. McAdoo. as sent to Twelf»h Fed eral Reserve District Llbertv Loan headquarters. Following Is the secretary's slate ment: "Hold your Liberty Bonds and War Savings Certificates. Hold them first, because they are the best In vestment in the world backed by ev ery resource I nthe United States "Hold them because you have made sacrifices to buy them. Why on to someone else the contract pass you have entered Into with your gov ernment? "Hold them because, even though the war may be over. It has not yet been paid for. The treasury depart ment must soon Issue more bonds Every sale now made by you makes future government Issues more dif ficult and more expensive. This ex pense can be borne only by the peo ple of the United States; therefore, why add to the already large burden? Hold them because the time may when such an investment will come prove to be a true friend In time of need, a guarantee against the fear of debt and Insurance against real hard ships "Hold them because the need for saving Is not over. Government ex penses are today larger than at any : time during the war. Our boys In j France and Germany must be paid 1 and fed and clothed, and, when their transported NOT QUIT. home. WHY work Is over THEY HAVE SHOULD YOU? "Hold your Liberty Bonds Instead of exchanging them for some other •o-ctlled 'security' because you know the security of your United States bond and cannot often know the worth of what Is offered In exchange. The 'get rich quick' crook Is ready to steal your bonds from you at the first opportunity. j "Hold them because of the Inter est they pay. Hold them because It Is good business to do so. What [good will the Idle pleasure of need lless luxury bought today with the (proceeds of your bonds be to you a pear from now? Your bond works ■for you, drawing Intereat day and ■night, week days and Sundaya. I "HOLD YOUR BONDS. DON'T IDE A QUITTER; BE A POTRIOT " THE FARM. leifarw Measure Advocated by the Secretary of Agriculture. In a recent Interview between Dav 1 P- Houston, secretary of africai ne, and the editors of a number I agricultural journals. Mr. Houston pressed in substance the following ,Wi with reference to mattere of terest In connection with the farm f Industries of the country. Reconstruction plans should In resumptton of tha building of hways under the Federal AJd id Act; creation of a system of •onal credit unions for firmer*; ietnatic supervision of land aattle provlsions for safe-guarding de t; fight* of tenants and farm •ncotirag ownershlp; continuation of > ernment supervision of atook fd* and related Induatrlea; and *n»lon of benefit! of modern medt * "id sanitation to rural district«. During this Interview, Mr. Hous ton expressed the vie* that agricul ture was probably the beat prepared Industry In the nation when the came and that It would be the first to readjust Itself to after-war condi tions, although he Is Inclined to feel that neither the farm nor the farmer war can ever get back to the precise con diton that existed before the Secretary Houston %iso stated that in his opinion one of the vitally 1m Portant measures of the reconstruc t^on period is public highway im war. provement and he suggested that that sumed for reason, such work should be re as soon as possible. pears that under the It ap act above men tloned Federal and State funds which although appropriated for the bulld lug of roads have not been expended because of war conditions, will amount during the present year to [approximately $76,^00.000 and It is the Secretary's view that roadbuild Ing constitutes a worthy project on w-hlch to employ a large portion of the surplus labor supply likely to suit from the shutting down of war re industries and the demobilization of the army. Wllh reference to credit unions the Secretary called attention to the fact that, although farmers with proper security can readily obtain loans from the Farm Loan Banks, some convenient means should be provided for the furnishing of financial assist ance to farmers who are not In a position to furnish real-estate secur ity for such loans. In this connec tion he suggests that personal credit unions, established preferably by the State Governments would satisfactor ily answer the purpose. Regarding the matter of land for returning soldiers who wish to takd up farming, the Secretary stated that he considers It important that the Federal and Sate governments shall furnish reliable information and agricultural guidance to such per sons and promote well considered set tlement plans. With reference to the matter of farm ownership, Mr. Houston said that he believes the process of ac quiring ownership of farms should be encouraged and that tenancy should be regarded not merely as a temporary matter but as a step to ward ownership. The Secretary's suggestion with reference to the extension of the benefits of sanitation and modern medicine to rural districts is particu larly timely and, In our opinion, can not be too strongly ndvcated and pro moted. The widespread need of such action has been clearly demonstrated by the surveys and otherr work in cident to the sanitation measures tak en for the protection of the health of our soldiers In the many training camps, established thrughout the country during the war For many years the Federal Government and the governments of the different states and municipalities of the coun try have devoted much attention and expended large sums of money for the protection of the health of the people of our cities. Certainly those who live in the rural sections of the country are equally entitled to such protection and moreover, since the has emphasized as never before war the tremendously Important part which the food products of the farm play In the matter of the welfare of the world. It Is of universal Interest and Importance that everything pos sible be done to provide for the health, prosperity and general well being of the food producers of the country. FARMERS' ACCOUNT ROOK. nad difficulties Many Many a farmer with his Income tax return, others have frequently found It de sirable to know the actual results of Many have felt the year's business, the need for a system that would give results with the min imum amount of labor, words the demand has been for a book with the frills removed. A book of that sort has Just been pub lished by the Extension Division of the University of Idaho at Copies may be secured County Agents who will also assist such farmers as desire help. residing In counties having no of accounts In other Boise. the from Per sons county agricultural agent can write directly to Bolae for their books. The books were published at a cost of 25 cents each and are furnished at that price. STOVES — — Our stock of atoves is about all Wilson See They have gone. We hrfve only 8 left healers—absolutely the best. them; ask about them, given satisfaction for the last SO Reduced prices. Fratera years. Pence Co. COMMUNITY STORE IDEA BROUGHT TO U. S. m ( ; fl 4 V Y ) r ■ w f f 1 i MM A V —i *11 J \ \ : > à aa./ % a i -• I 2T 31 ta H » «w What is believed to be the first community store In the United States of the type which is common In England, has been established In Wash ington, O. C. It Is owned by the two or three hundred families which pat ronize It. Goods are sold at as ifear cost as possible and the profits are paid to each member of the organization in proportion to the amount of goods he has purchased, ward Evans, a native of England and manager of the store, is in the cen ter. The picture shows the interior of the store. Ed He was a Congregational minister In Washington for four years before establishing the community store. construction of Public School Car rlculum. Rural School HIGH SCHOOL NOTES Besides the teachers of the Jerome school mentioned before. Mrs V. V. Bowers wrote on the teachers' exam ination at Shoshone last week. The annual conference of super intendents and principals will be held at Boise Friday end Saturday. Some of the topics to be considered are Americanization Program, Re Reconstruc tion and Educational Legislation. The Jeiomo schools are scheduled to open on Monday after Christmas, December 30, provided the Influenza remains under control. A nurse will be in attendance to look to the in specticn of children each day. It is the day schools and the Sundry schools that have complied with the quarintine best but that is of no help since other public places are open and crowded. On account of the shortage of tea chers. :he federal government has requested that teachers and school boards register their needs. No recommendations, however, will be made by the government, but teach ers and school boards are to be brought In touch with each other. Some slates rro establishing regular teachers' agencies ■similar to labor bureaus, and making* charges just enough to defray expenses. at so It Is most frequently the student who is late to bed and last to rise that is ha:d to get along with at school. This applies io teachers also. Besides, so they scy. late houis arc not conducive to go ;d looks "Let better ram. better farming, bettor living bo the aim of rural edu cation rather tfcna passing r.n eighth grade examlr.p.'ian or cn erlng some other school. We must educate for leisure as well as for work, for living as for getting a living. The most dangerous moments are not those of work but those of licsure."—Teach ers' Handbook. The influenza epidemic has made conditions In regard to school work very serious Indeed, but there Is no call for exaggerations that have been made as to the number of cases and the severity. The alarmists are the beat allies of the flu. They are us ually those who take the least care of themselves and of the rights of others. Many books belonging to and need ed at school have been in the homes in the district, some perhaps for years. Students, patrons and teach ers should see to it that all books are returned. There seems to be a great furor about the evils of the primary law. Students of politics have long ago pointed out the weakness of such laws ns the primary and the recall Taking this or that "out of politics" will also eventually prove a delusion and a snare The fact remains that there stilt are many questions of gov ernment to be studied out. Those who are so very certain Just what ought to be done merely show they have not done much thinking. Pres on I laws after all. are only stepping stones to better laws. The Jerome school has been cited the only school In Idaho that has raised the wages or grade teachers In the increased cost of ns proportion t living. If, however, low paid at the time of the wages taken as the basts the statement Is mlslead There la a great difference be an d vages were tng. tween Increase In percentages the Increase In wages. TWO CROPS FROM SAME LAND — fc — Two crops from the same land in one season have been harvested by Mr. Calmer, of Appleton community, in this county. Two acres of barley were sown May 1st. On July 14th the barley was harvested with a re ported yield of 95 bushels per acre. July 16lh oals were drilled in the barley stubble and on October 10th was cut for forage, yielding nine tons of good oats hay. This experi ment will be repeated next year. Mr. Calmer believes he can grow a grain and forage crop each year.—Gooding Leader. EMPLOYERS ASKED TO GIVE WORK TO SOLDIERS Reports from the larger cities are to the effect that idle labor is already congesting caused by so many sol diers and others who have been en gaged in war work returning to civil life. The following telegram sent from Washington to the State Coun cil of Defence shows the condition the country is rapidly arriving at. "Figures received by wire each week by United States Employment Service show decrease in demnad for labor and corresponding Increase in supply. Speed in cancellation of waT contracts and demobilization of army Increasing daily. Many indus tries hesitate to take on all commit ments at this time. Building trades at standstill and probably will remain so until spring unless every state community, organization and indi vidual co-operate to the fullest ex tent with said service. There is grave danger of large idle population after the first of the year. Purchasing power of country at present time very great and all possible means must be used to stimulate best government plans for improving employment for all returning soldiers and sailors and workers in war industries. Can only be carried through with realizataion of the situation by the entire coun I try. All contractors for war materi al who expect to lay off workers should notify United States Employ All Industries ment service at once, in need of help should obtain the same through the federal service." SKVERKLY WOUNDED BROTHER OF JEROME LADY' RETURNS. The following letter was received by Mrs, Frank Gransbury from her brother, who was severely wounded In action in France and has just re cently returned to the States where he is now receiving attention In one of the military hospitals. December 17, 1918. Dear Sister—Just a few lines to let you know that I am back In the And take It from me. I am over In France. I soon expect to go to u general hospital, so don't answer until you hear from me again, up In the hospital for u couple of months yet. ns my wound In the nec is causing me a lot of trouble wind pipe was cut and my swallow ing tube also. They had to put a silver tube In my throat so I could breathe, and I could not talk for «bout ten days after I was operated upon. 1 can't bend my netk bur and forth yet. One muscle on the side of my neck was s ot awai an until that Is well I am almost useless. That Is why my writing Is so poor. States. not the least bit sorry for It was H— 1 may be laid My so don't blame me If you wrote me over In France and I did not ans I must close now as my muscles wer. are getting sore. Your loving brother, Fred. IDOHO INDUSTRIAL REVIEW Jerome billed out 272 carloads of freight for month of November. Meridian Co-operative Creamery has paid out $386,248 to farmers this year. Nampa has expended $225,000 on new homes In 1918. Idaho school of mines offering 8 weeks miners short course starting Jan. 1st. Boise valley farmers buy 43 reg istered Holsteins for $9000. Bonners Ferry expects to pave in spring. Utility commissions in most states are meeting utility companies half way in their efforts to restore their depleted properles afid build up their credit to enlist capital. Welser —Over 100 per cent in crease in cattle fattened in district this year. Lewiston—-Normal school building to be rebuilt at cost of over $85,000. Boise poultry show begins Jan. 6. Sale of bonds by state makes avail able practically $1,000,000 for roads. General Smuts of the British army says as the allies organized the world for victory so they must organize the world against famine. The United States is called upon to lead the fight against hunger. The 100 beet sugar factories west of the Missis sippi will double their production if they can get beets raised by the farmers. Gooding may own water works sys tem. Driggs—6,000,0ir0 tons coal in sight in Teton Basin. State University to offer ten weeks creamery course beginning Dec. 30. One of the business reforms for Idaho legislators will be the creation of a county purchasing board to in duct business in county schools. Boise—14 acres near here planted to clover seed teturns $4271.79. Priest River—With heavy snow fall timber operators begin activity here. Boise—Snake River to be bridged in Canyon county at cost of $10,285. Moscow telephone rates will not be raised now. Salmon—Work on state highway in Lemhi county progressing rapidly. Hailey—Project on Wood River Valley Irrigation District nearly com pleted. Shoshone—Lincoln county hay growers organize to get market for crop. Idaho enacted such a satisfactory law compensation ■ workingmen's that other states have copied it. But state politicians want it changed to employ an army of inspectors, adjust ers, agents and medical examiners. highway ■Sale of slate Bois commission nearly one million dollars for good roads pur poses during coming year. Idaho potato crop to be record breaker this year. Caldwell planning crushed rock roads; first mile to cost $8000. Acequla—Farmers cellar here at cost of $3404. Nampa—Work on $60.000 Mercy hospital to start soon. build potato WHEAT GRADING. methods of grading to Lincoln The proper wheat will be carried county farmers during the week of December 16. One day meetings will be held In a number of communities and samples of local wheat will be graded according to state and federal Every step will be explained rules. to help the Individual farmer under stand exactly how it should be done. The meetings will be conducted by j R. J. Leth. field agronomist of the University of Idaho Extension Dlvi . . ,_. sion The meeting, in Lincoln coun- j ,v are the beginning of a series of ] such meetings to be held in nearly Mr. Leth every-county in the state. that he has requests for nearly . such meetings but has been states seventy obliged to reduce that slightly below fifty. number to STOCKMEN'S MEETING HAS BEEN POSTPONED _ CodmlUee of the The Executive Idaho Cattle & Horse Growers' As ludefinltely postponed sociclion have the dato of holding ihe annual con ventlon of this organization, which been held the middle of account was to have January in Boise. This action was taken on of the quarantine throughout the state on Spanish Influenza. •111 be held at The convenion Boise. Idaho, as soon as will wa ^" l e , n a „ of ,he pa mera bera will be notl conditions dales w tojpers and the fled personally by mail. It pays Advertise In our columns, to use them. MAKING FARMERS OF OUR SOLDIERS Much has been said, both in con gress and out, about a "back to the land" movement for our returning soldiers, and the plan might be worked out easily enough—provided of course our soldier boys favor the Idea—were It not for the fact that the country has no land of any real value to offer them. It is all very well to talk in a general way about the fifteen million acres of desert lands which the department of Inter ior claims can be irrigated of the seventy million acres of sw^imp and overflowed lands which that depart ment claims can be drained and made profitable. There may also be, as stated by the secretary of the Inter ior, millions of acres of cut-over land which can be cleared of stumps, brush, etc., and made suitable for agriculture, but these projects are all matters for the dim and distant future, whereas the disbandment of our army and the making of suitable provisions for the employment of our returning soldiers is one which must be dealt with immediately and con sequently. while the country may bo justified in incurring the tremendous expense necessary to make cur two hundred millions acres or more of desert, swamp cut-over suitable for agriculture, the sugges tion of utilizing any of this arei (which at present is and for years to come will necessarily be utterly unin habitable and useless) for the pur pose of enticing the men who make up our present huge armies back to the land, seems to be hardly worthy of a second thought. FOURTH LOAN TOTALS. — IBs — Tlie official total of subscriptions In the Twelfth Federal Reserve Dis trict for the Fourth Liberty Loan was $462,250,000 or $3,250,00 more than announced unofficially a tew days ago. Allocations to this district from railroad subscriptions provided the increase. Alaska ranks first among the ma jor divisions of this district with 23 2 per cent which is believed to be a record for the fourth loan in the United States. Following are the official records of the ten major divisions of this district: States and Territories Alaska. Arizona Wash. . . Nevada .. Idaho . . Oregon .. Total Quota Subscriptions $ 1.369,400 $ 3,180.950 9,626,360 70.189.650 5,996,150 16,890,150 38.362.650 204,030,150 6,231,200 58,215,800 5,033,850 14,549.400 33,708,100 No. Cal.. 186,489,050 19,878,600 7,080,660 Utah ... Hawaii .. 18,570,800 6,766.050 -1* - GOVERNMENT EXPENDITURES Carter Glass, the new secretary of the treasury. In a telegram to Gov. James K. Lynch of the 12th Federal Reserve District announces that ex penditures of the government during the fiscal year beginning July 1, 1918, and Including December 16. 1918, exceeded nine billion six hun dred million dollars and that expend itures In the month of November were nearly $2,000,000,000. In the current month of December up to and including December 16. expendi tures exceeded $1,000,000,000. It is estimated that the total expendi ures of the fiscal year will be $18, 000 , 000 , 000 . Secretary Glass favors short ma turities for the fifth Liberty Loan and announces that the Treasury De partaient will continue the sale of Certificates ^ # ^ manuer , -*5- ** LIFTS FOOD RESTRICTIONS. Regulations on Bread, Meat, Sugar. Butter and Cheese Rescinded. Regulations restricting the use of bread, meat, sugar, butter and cheese In public eating places which have been In effect since last October 21 ordered rescinded Sunday by effective the food administration, were Monday. This order, it was explained, is a further step in the replacement of specific food regulations by a gen eral appeal for Increased conserva ,Um of all foods to the end that the United States may meet its pledge to relieve the distressed civilian popula the regulr.Mons. the food admln'.sl ra tion notified public eating place? t be ready to assist in putting into ef whlch may tiens in Europe. announcing the withdraws of In feet any measures hereafter become necessary through development In world relief.