Newspaper Page Text
which was not at all clear to me. We !
hud u peculiar conversation—half In German, hulf in English. The relchs kauzler did not speak English partie ''How ure things In America?" he asked. "Did you have any opportu nity to guuge the political situation? ularly well. Who do you think will be the next president? Do you think that Aiueri cans are opposed to peace becuuso that would end their chunce to make money out of the war? Are your people so mercenary that they would like to see the war prolonged for the j "No, your excellency," I replied, "you are quite wrong if you imagine that my countrymen would like to pro long the wur for the sake of wur profits. That is very far from being the case. On the contrary, the couu try at large is anxious for peace." "Don't forget your people are mak ing a lot of money out of this war," the reichskanzler persisted. "They are becoming very rich. They will soon have all the gold in the world, Putting an end to the war would to a great extent end American opportuni- 1 ties for making money on this enor- ! mous scale." ! "That may be all true " I replied "but fortunately my countrymen think ! more of the blessings of peace and ! liberty than they do of war and profits ! and the sooner peace can be brought about on a basis which will have ! some assurance of permanency the bet ter we will like it.". i "Wilson has the ereilest onnortn nitv ever nresented u, » man to make his name immortal—bv hrinaina about peace in the world " lie went on "We feel now that he is not onr friend but friendly to the allies, but nevertheless he mnv he nhle to see that if this wnr I is nrnlomred indeflnitelv it will mean * d.-itrnction of -ill the nations in volve,! in it Do von think there is ! . ..:kti*i,n „« *_defend sake of the money they can make out of it?" 1 / ny possibility of America entering e war?" 'That, of course, will depend, your ] excellency," I answered, "upon devel « opments. I don't believe my country is anxious to fight, but I'm quite sure that nothing in the world will keep us out of it if our rights as a neutral | nation are not respected." talking on the declared the reichskanzler. Hughes has been stump," "Did you hear any of his speeches or any of Wilson's?" I said I had had no opportunity to hear any of the campaign speeches, but that I had followed them in the newspapers. "Well, did you gather from what you read that the American people want to see peace in Europe or do they want the war to go on so they can continue to make fortunes out of it?" Again I replied that I was certain our country would never be influenced by such sordid considerations as were implied in the reichskanzier's question, but that if the right kind of peace could be brought about the whole country would eagerly embrace it. The subject of the U-boat campaign mentioned and it was not was never until several months later when the submarine warfare was started again on a greater scale than ever that I realized that the whole purpose of this interview was to ascertain if they could, without telling me their inten tions, who was the candidate, Hughes Wilson, who would be least dan gerous to them if more American ves sels were sunk in the ruthless sub marine campaign they were then con » or templatlng. The election was drawing close; it was necessary to notify Von Berns torff of Potsdam's praference ; the kai beiieved that perhaps he held the deciding ballot in his hand in the shape of the German-American vote and he didn't know how to cast it. Hence the eagerness with which they interrogated me upon my return from the "front." The interview with the reichskanzler and the fact that it was instigated by the kaiser indicated to me that Amer- j ica occupied a most important place When, a few j ser , in the kaiser's plans. months later, we declared war against however, all the kaiser's Germany, planning and plotting of years col lapsed. The edifice he had been so confidently erecting came crashing to the ground because it was built upon a false foundation. How elementary was his expectation that his efforts to win the friendship of the United States in time of peace could avail him anything in the face of hls bar baric methods of making war! CHAPTER V. Defends German War Methods. The kaiser was always very careful which might affect . ... , „ ftpr »he war I started? when hls attention was natu ral,y rtüSÄÄ ! leros, he d ^ as he ha 'd al The Kaiser about everything • ciimc to me as ways done. Of this I was very glad, because it opportunity to draw the gave me an kaiser out on many of the interesting questions which the war suggested and which I found him always ready to discuss. Perhaps the fact thut I was an American led the kaiser to greater lengths in his justification of German war methods and measures than he might otherwise liuve thought necessary. The first time I saw the kaiser after the war started was about August 10. eleven and twelve Between the night before, I had been 1914. o'clock notified by telephone that the kaiser to attend him at the would like me Berlin palace the following morning at nine o'clock. He was about to make his first visit to the front and wanted his teeth examined before he went, The work I had to do for him was nothing of a serious character and did not occupy more than twenty minutes. Gne of his valets (Stood by to give me any assistance I might need, hut left the room when I was through, "Have you been reading in the pa pers, Davis," the kaiser asked when we were alone, "how our soldiers have been treated by the Belgians?" I said I had not hud a chance to read the papers that morning." "Well, you must certainly read them, They've been gouging out the eyes of our wounded and mutilating my men horribly ! They call it modern, clvi lized warfare. That's savagery! I hope your president is taking notice of these atrocities." Of course I was In no position to contradict the kaiser's assertions, as I was not in possession of any of the facts, but I learned afterward that four American newspaper correspond ents bad scoured Germany from one end of the country to the other in an effort to run down these reports. They left no rumor uninvestigated, no mat ter how far they had to travel- to ver ify it. When they had finally exhaust ed every clue and followed every lead they had not found a single case to justify the charge the kaiser had made against the Belgians and which, of , course, the inspired German press con- | tinued to report from day to day. J The object of these lies was to jus- i tify the outrages which the Germans j were committing in their plan to ter- I rorize the inhabitants of the countries J they were overrunning. According to ; reports the activities of franc-tireurs | in the occupied territories were met ! by the Germans with the most bar baric punishments, crucifixion and similar atrocities being very common, Undoubtedly the kaiser was aware of what his soldiers were doing, and to their conduct he lent a ready against the Belgians, "I bave already framed a message which I intend sending to your presi dent regarding the use of dumdum bullets by the Belgians and French," "We have ample proof to establish this charge not only in the character of the wounds suffered to the unfounded charges made ear the kaiser went on. by my soldiers but in the shape of un used cartridges which we found in the captured forts." Strangely enough, the kaiser sent off his protest to President Wilson about the same day that President Poincare forwarded a similar protest based upon the use of dumdum bullets by the Germans. Regarding the violation of Belgium's neutrality, the kaiser was able to of fer no reasonable argument. The fact that he was willing to pay Belgium for permission to allow his armies to go through that country was apparently sufficient justification in his eyes for taking by force what Belgium refused to sell. "How foolish of Belgium to have re sisted us !" he declared, in t(ii.s con "Had they consented to let nection. us walk through we would have paid for everything—everything ! hair of their heads would have been touched and Belgium today would be in the same happy financial condition that Luxembourg is." Not a At a subsequent interview we re ferred to Belgium again, and the kai alleged that Japan had violated the neutrality of China when she sent troops through Chinese territory to seize Kiao-Chau. "It is all right for the allies to do these things," he commented sarcas tically, "but when Germany does them England rises up in righteous indig The hypocrites! Why, we in Brussels which ser nation. found papers showed conclusively that England and Belgium had a secret agreement by which in the event of war with Ger many England was to be permitted ta occupy Belgium! We've got those pa pers in Berlin. We could nave no positive proof against them. The Belgians were simply England's tools 1" gome of the arguments the kaiser raised in his discussions with me re garding the war were so weak and untenable that one might well _ doubt his sincerity m urging them, but I shall give them for what they are worth. "They refer to us as the Huns !" the kaiser observed bitterly. "If your people could see what the Russians have done in the Bukowina and east Prussla they would know then They de more ern who are the real Huns! stroyed everything they could lay their hands on. In one of my shoot ing lodges which the Cossacks entered they even knocked ont the teeth of the boars' heads which hung on the walls ! With knives they cut out the covers of They had special fire villages. structed in 'peace times and were de signed solely for pillage and destruc '"natead of treating their soldiers ns prisoners of war we should have strung them up by the neck—every one of them !" Several prominent Poles, who were patients of mine and whose fine es tates in Poland were looted and de molished, told me positively that the destruction and depredations were committed entirely by German troops. The Russians hud occupied the houses when they were in possession of that section of the country, but it was not until they were driven out by the Ger that the acts of vandalism were my chairs, bombs which they threw on peaceful These bombs had been con mnns committed and they had convincing evidence that in every ense the Ger soldlers and not the Russians man were responsible. The outrages committed by the Ger mans in their treatment of prisoners In their entirety. We do know that they executed Captain Fryatt, the commander of a British merchant ves of war will probably never be known sei, who was captured after he had rammed a German U-boat. I don't know to what extent the kaiser was directly responsible for that dastardly crime, but from what he said regard ing the capture of another British cap tain, the commander of the Baralong, it was quite evident that he was in entire sympathy with acts of that character. A German U-boat had sunk a Brit ish vessel upon which were some of the relatives of the crew of the Bara long. The crew of this U-boat was subsequently captured by the Bara long, and according to reports in Ger many they were harshly treated. Then It was reported that the Baralong had been captured and that her captain and the crew would be summarily dealt with. "I hear we have captured tne cap tain of the Baralong," the kaiser de dared to me at that time. "If we can prove that he's the man we'll fix him !" The manner in which the kaiser spoke left no doubt In my mind that the direst punishment would be meted out to the unfortunate British captain, Booty is undoubtedly a legitimate incident of war, but it is legitimate only as an Incident. Otherwise booty becomes loot. In any event, when In vading troops seize private property it is customary to pay for it. That the Germans were good takers but poor payers is revealed by two Incidents which the kaiser narrated to me, and the keen enjoyment he derived from them can be fully understood only by those who know how much the kaiser appreciates getting something for nothing. "Roumania wanted> °" ld fo ^ d products, he told me. They demand ed pure gold and they set enormous prices on their wares; but we needed what they had to sell and we were ready to pay even the outrageous prices they demanded. And then they foolishly declared war against us and we got it all for nothing! When I spoke to Hlndenburg about the con , ^ _ templated campaign against Rouma nia he said, 'This will be a very inter estipg campaign.' It was. We got all we wanted and didn't have to pay a penny for it." The kaiser beamed all over as he contemplated the results of Rouma nia's entry in the war. When the German troops entered Tarnapo), Russia, at a later time they captured vast quantities of American made hospital supplies. "We were just figuring what this seizure amounted to, and my army doctors were strutting around as if they owned the world," declared the kaiser, "when one of my officers was approached by a group of long-haired, greasy Jews, who claimed that these our^priva^e'property ^Thought" them and we should be compensated If you seize them,' they contended. 'Did you pay for them?' my officer asked. 'No, we didn't pay for them, bnt we gave our notes,' they replied. "Then,' said my officers, 'when you take up those notes we'll pay for these stores; in the meanwhile we'll Just take them.' We secured bandages, serums—every thing, in fact, that we needed so very badly, and we got them all for noth ing !" I did not know at that time that the German army lacked medical supplies, but later I saw paper bandages in use. I have previously referred to the kaiser's defense of the use of Zeppe lins against Paris, London and other nonmilitary cities. He claimed that it was proper to make war on clvITTans, because England was endeavoring to starve Germany. On one occasion I pointed out to him that in 1870 the Germans had besieged Paris and had starved its population. "The cases are entirely different," he answered hastily. "Then we were besieging a city and the civilian pop ulation had plenty of opportunity to evacuate it before the siege began, England is besieging a whole nation and trying to starve my women and children, who have nothing to do with war." I couldn't help thinking of the "whole nations" which had been ab solutely crushed under the kaiser's heel—of Belgium, Servln and Poland, The kaiser never admitted that the destruction of the Lusitania was a re suit of special instructions from him to the U-boat commander, but in dis cussing the general subject of subma rine warfare he asked : '•What right have Americans to take passage on these vessels, anyway? If they came onto the battlefield they would not expect us to stop firing, would they? Why should they expect any greater protection when they en ter the war zone at sea? "Don't ever forget," he went on, "a bullet from a pistol would be enough to sink one of our U-boats. How can we stop and board vessels we encoun ter to ascertain whether they are neu tral and not carrying contraband? If what appears to be a neutral should In fact prove to be a belligerent, or if a belligerent should heave to in re sponse to the command of one of our submarines, how could we safely send boarding party over when a rifle shot from the vessel in question would send us to the bottom? Obviously if America persists in sending munitions to the allies, there Is but one thing for us to do—sink the vessels." When I suggested that while the vulnerability of the submarine un doubtedly lessened Its value In con nectlon with the right of search which belligerents have under international lnw, still the law ought to be ob served, the kaiser Interrupted me has tlly with the remark: "International law! There Is no ' such thing as International law any more!" I answer to all the questions which have arisen In connection with the conduct 0 f the war. If the Germans recog nized no international law but were < guided solely by their Ideas of expedi ency and the demands of "kultur," then the whole course of the war be In that assertion, of course, lies the came perfectly clear. The use of pol sonous gas, the destruction of unfor ! tilled towns, the desecration of churches, the attacks on hospitals and Red Cross units, the countless atroci ties committed against civilians and prisoners of war require no other ex planatlon. No such thing as international law anymore! Democracy's Worst Enemy. The great military machine which the kaiser had built up during the first ; 26 years of his reign "for the purpose of maintaining peace" was constantly itching for war. There was a feeling among was all right for the kaiser to assume j the role of the "Prince of Peace" dur i Dg the period of preparation, it was possible" to overplay the part. He so j frequently referred to the fact that ; hls so j e purpose In maintaining a large army an d navy was to maintain peace that the war lords of Germany began t o fear that perhaps he might mean it T he murder of the Archduke Franz Ferdinand, the successor to the Aus tr)an throne, and his wife by a Ser blan on June 29, 1914, gave Germany * he excuse for which she had been waiting so long to start a European conflagration and found Austria as «" lous for wur as her al ' y ' But even had Emperor Franz Joseph shown reluctance to plunge hls nation lnt0 war and had Austria refused to c h as tise Serbia for the murder of the, Archduke I doubt very much whether the kalspr W0U Id have allowed that P y P Qt to have gone unavenged, CHAPTER VI. I the militarists that while it It touched him in one of his most vulnerable spots. The sanctity of roy b j j g one 0 f his m0 st cherished ideas, j fe)t S p ODSOr f or the monarchies Qf thp wor , d as we feeI 6ponsor for the democracies. A thrust at a throne was a stab at the kaiser's heart, and with or without the co-operation of Austria I firmly believe he would have gone to any lengths to have avenged the crime of Sarajevo. It Is true that the kaiser sent a message to the czar of Russia in which he pointed out that Austria, ought to be allowed to chastise Serbia without interference from the other European powers, remarking, "We princes must hold together," but there can be no donbt that that was Very far from the outcome dearest to his heart. If, indeed, the punishment of Serbia had £ e f n accomplished with ont the ***** would hav * most disappointed man, and if Bus. .a had failed to mobilize her troops,, which gave Germany a pretext for crossing the Russian border, I haven't the slightest doubt that Germany would have prodded Russia into war,, anyway, knowing that France would follow. "Der Tag" (the day) had come for which Germany had been planning and plotting, and nothing on earth could now interfere with the ex . with a professor at its head? he asked, sneeringly. "Davis, your conn try will never be truly great until it becomes a monarchy ! On another occasion he gneered at conditions in England. "Look at England today," he re marked. "She is ruled by Lloyd George, a socialist! Why, England Is virtually a republic, as bad as France! What's become of the king of Eng land? One never hears of him any more! Why doesn't he assert him self?" The tone of disgust with which he gave vent to these sentiments was more significant, perhaps, than the words used might imply. ''Your president is trying to over throw me and my family from the throne of Germany by his notes," he commented bitterly, when I saw him shortly after the publication of the president's reply to the pope, "but he little understands how loyal are my people and now futile his efforts will prove. They held meetings recently all over the empire, in every city and village, and showed their allegiance to me in no uncertain way, and your president received the answer from my people that he deserved !" I won dered whether the kaiser was unaware of the fact that all these meetings had been Inspired by the government and their useful agent, the press, or whether he was once again making use of hls histrionic ability. Although Germany is regarded as the cradle of socialism, to the kaiser it was a enneer which was slowly eat ing away the foundations of hls em pire and he viewed its progress with the direst misgivings. Before the war he steadfastly re fused to receive a deputation of so dnllsts and never once gave an audi ence to the leaders of the socialist party In the relcbstag, although the heads of committees of all the other political parties were at times re celved in conference. While the reich stag was little more ecution of the program. How firmly the kaiser was wedded to the dynastic idea and how deeply he abhorred the spirit of democracy was revealed throughout the whole course of hls life, and in his conversa tions with me he frequently gave ex pression to views which disclosed how thoroughly he believed in the "divine right of kings." I saw him shortly after Wilson's election in 1912. "What will America ever accomplish [ Continued unit week. EB Big Red Cross Sale Saturday, Oct. 19,1918 Payette, Idaho Bring in anything you may wish to give that may be turned into cash and turned into the Treasury of the Red Cross Any of the following articles will be appropriate: Horses CattJe Sheep Hogs Dogs Turkeys Geese Ducks Hens Roosters Grain Fancy Work Flowering Bulbs Fruit (fresh, canned or dried) Furniture Vegetables Butter Eggs Machinery What have you for the Red-Cross Sale Saturday y Oct . 19th? Auctioneer Swanson has agreed to give his services Free All Advertising and Printing will be donated free so what you give will go direct to the Red Cross LIST YOUR ARTICLES WITH AUCTIONEER J. M. SWANSON ASSESSMENT NOTICE Principal place of Business, Pay-1 j ette, Payette County, Idaho .. . . \ -Notice is hereby given that at a meeting of the Board of Directors of the above named corporation, held on the 30th day of Septem ber 19lS, an assessment of 25 cents per share was levied upon all of the outstanding capital stock of t he corporation due and payable at 0Dce to K C . S. Brainard the . e . , Assistant Secretary of saidcorpor j at . 10 "> a V tS office No. 12/ North! Eighth Street, Payette. Idaho, Any stock upon which the as-j | sessment remains unpaid on the, 26th day of November 1918, will be delinquent-, and advertised for sa ] e a ( Public Auction, and unless payment is made before, will be, sold on the 14th day of December 1918, to pay the delinquency; thereon together with the costs of advertising and expense of sale. Albert Wilson, Secretary By E C. S. Brainard, Ass't. Secretary. Office No. 127 North Eighth Street Palette, Idaho THE LOWER PAYETTE DITCH COMPANY. September 16th, 1918 NOTICE is hereby given that Charles P. Billups, of We ser, Idaho who, on September 15th 1911, taade Homestead 1 Entry No. 01982 for the N i.os 1-2, Sec. 26, T. 16 S. R. 46 E and wh ' Q on Jan 2 9 , 1914 made A ,.. , , Last, Wi lllamette Meridian, has Lied notice of intention to make lina Five Year Proof, to establish claim j to the land above describee', before j Register and Raceiver, U. S. Land* U. S. Land Office at Vale, Oregon, NOTICE FOR PUBLICATION d'itional Homestead Entry, No. 03093,1 for S1-2NW1-4 and NT-2SW1-4, Sectioi 25, Township 16 South, Range 46 Office, at Vale, Oregon on the 26th day of October. 1918. Claimant names as witnesses; R. H. Gillespie, F. N. Davis, A. D. Hayden, all of Weiser, Idaho O. C. Chatfield, of Payette, Idaho. THOS. JONES, Register. gept. 19. Oct. 24. HAY FOR SALE: I have about 20 tons of good hay in 6tack, that I will sell at market price, 2 mile« north-j east of Payette.— N. M. Jensen, phone 40-tf. 283-J5. WANTED: By a 17-year-old boy attending High School, a place work for his board and room, quire at this ofice. to In t2. FOR SALE: A good piano ohear. Inquire at L. E. Peterson residence Found a Problem. Poet Farmer (reading)—It says "to keep woodchucks from eating the ten der young vines, spray them with parts green." That is plain enough, but how cnn I catcii the woodchucks In order to do it? 1 i \ The Property of the i Payette Land Improvement Co will be sold on Easy Terms at Extremely Low Appraised Value See J. M. SWANSON, Manager LIME Air Slacked Lime is a good gar den fertilizer. A good cleanser for many purposes Price $2.00 Per Bbl. while it lasts VANPETTEN LBR. CO. LUMBER & MILL WORK Honey Cases, Bee Hiv es MISSOURI OAK If you are going to build get our prices BEFORE BUYING PAYETTE BOX MILLS MARK PRINDLE Prop : Ask the Barber at the STAR BARBER SHOP ABOUT R. D. X. for Dandruff Cure or your Money Back Guaranteed by the Koken Barber Supply Co. J. L. SMITH, Prop FOR SALE: 1918 Ford car in good condition.—J. G. P recht. B. J. Hetherington & Co Electric Supply House especially equipped for We Armature and Motor Repairing of are Licensed Contractors iall Kinds. for all Classes of Electrical Work 80Ö North Eigth Street Idaho Boise NOTICE Notice is hereby given that on Oct. 20 the water for Irrigation pur will bo turned out of the 'Ex poses tension Ditch, \ D. R. Durham, Sec. 40t2