Newspaper Page Text
than a children's debating society, the
growth and Increasing power of the socialistic party, which was constantly clamoring for the reform vote, could not be ignored, and no doubt had a great deal to do with the militarists' anxiety not to postpone the war too long. t After mobilization was ordered, however, the kaiser decided to recede from his position somewhat, and from the balcony of the palace in Berlin, in front of which an enormous crowd had gathered, he declared significant ly: "I recognize no parties. We are now all Germans." If anyone imagines, however, that his kowtowing to the socialists In this instance was evidence of a permanent change of heart, he little appreciates how deeply rooted is the Kaiser's ab horrence of socialism and democracy. Indeed, one of the principal things the kaiser hoped to accomplish by prose cuting the war to a triumphant con elusion was the blow it would deÿ to socialistic progress. He felt that victory would make his army the idol of the people and that their monarch would shine in the reflected glory of their martial achievements. A suc cessful war. he believed, would set so cialism back a hundred years. I Certain it is the war brought no change in the kaiser's personal habits. Even to curry favor with the socialis tic element he never unbent to the slightest degree in his outward. dis play of kingly attributes. In all his career the German people had never seen their kaiser other than in his royal uniform, and at all military pa rades or reviews he always rode a white horse, that he might be most conspicuous, and bore the royal mace which his ancestors had carried centu ries before him. With the death struggle between medieval monarchy and democracy raging about him the kaiser was determined to yield not a tittle of his prerogatives. His auto mobile still made Its coming known by Its distinctive "tade-tada-ta-ta" and the royal palaces were maintained in all their accustomed pomp. But while the kaiser's aVmiM were triumphant in the field, the principle which he was combating was every where gaining ground. On March 15, 1917, the czar abdicated and Russia, whose autocratic form of government had long been the envy of the German aristocracy, became a republic! "The downfall of the Russian em pire was brought about by England because she feared that the czar was about to make a separate peace," the kaiser commented to me. "As a mat ter of fact, however, neither the czar nor his government ever approached us on that subject, and when England overthrew the Russian monarchy she defeated her very purpose. With the czar on the throne Russia would prob ably have gone on fighting us." Although the kaiser bore no particu lar love for the czar, whom he was fighting, he had no desire to convert the empire into a democracy, and his bitterness • toward England for what he thought was her part in the estab lishment of the Russian republic was very pronounced. When, a few months later, the abdi cation cf the czur was followed by the abdication of King Constantine of Greece, the kaiser sustained another blow which hurt him more than the defeat of one of his armies would have done. t "They are trying 1 to force their rot ten form of democratic government on Greece." he declared fiercely. "The way they have treated my poor sister, the queen of Greece, is u shame and a disgrace. They talk about our inva sion of Relgium, but their actions in Greece are infinitely worse. I have studied the English people for twenty five years, and they always try to cover their acts with religion and the talk of benefits to civilization and hu manity, but, hypocrites that they are, they continue to grab all they can get their hands on just the same!" The fact that Greece had a treaty with Serbia which required her to take up arms if Serbia were attacked and that she had failed to meet her obli gations in thnt respect was naturally of no significance to the kaiser, to whom treaties were but scraps of pa per. The keynote of the kaiser's military program lay in the fact that he real ized thnt it was necessary for him to win in order to hold his throne. I feel quite sure that if the allies were wil ling to concede to Germany all the ter ritory' she has conquered—Belgium, Serbia, Poland, Roumania, Russia and part of France, and restore all her col onies, upon condition that the kaiser step down from the throne, |ie would reject the proposition without a mo ment's hesitation. "Your country would like to make a republic out of Germany," he com mented, "a republic like France, per haps, going down and down all the a country ruled by lawyers !" And he mentioned half a dozen of the great French statesmen who were members of the legal profession, a sad thing for a country when it gets into the hands of the lawyers. France and Italy are already controlled by them, and America and England are rapidly following their example I" The kaiser regarded the German people as his own property to do with as he liked. When I referred to the "German people" in conversation he would delicately correct me by refer ring in his reply to "my people." When, for Instance, I eaid on one oc casion, "I understand, your majesty, that the German people nro anxious for ponce," lie answered, "Yes, Davis, my people are strongly in fnvor of pence, but they want a German peace —no allied peace!" He believed that just as the universe is ruled by God so should the earth tim« "It's he dominated by an earthly ruler and that God hud selected him tojr the tusk, To displace him in favor of a- repub Mean form of government, to'substi 11 monarch designated by God was in his opinion the basest sort of sacrilege, tute a ruler elected by the people for and the unfortunate part of it all was that the majority of his people eo incided with him. They preferred to he ruled by a hand of Iron rather than to rule themselves, may be awakened to the blessings of j self-government, but up to the present time they have not shown the slightest ! indication that they would prefer to j ™ le than be ruled, and because they submit so willingly to the kaiser's dom j inatlon he has become obsessed with the idea that the rest of the world should follow suit Some day they Japanese, According to the talk of the German diplomats before the war the expeeta [ H° n wus that Japan's power would be : use ^ against America at the first op | port unity. Whether the object of this CHAPTER VII. campaign was to stir up trouble be tween Japan and America or only to awaken this country to a sense of the danger which the Germans professed to believe threatened her I don't know. I do know, however, that prospect of a Japanese-Ameriean war seemed to I worry the Germans considerably more I than it worries us. 1 _ against Germany, August 5, 1914. the , Prince von Pless called to see me pro fessionally. The day England declared war ■ I ! said, oracularly. "The present one. by; which we shall gain control of the con-, tinent of Europe forever, and then- a war with the yellow races, in which we shall probably have your country to assist us !" "There will be two wars fought," he ■ That this opinion was more or less general in Germany may account for the fact that from the time war was declared until August 23, 1914, when Japan declared war against Germany, the Japanese residents in Berlin were made the subject of the most sicken ing attentions. It was reported that Japan was going to attack Russia, and the Germans could not do enough to show their newly born admiration for j the yellow race which they had hither- j to so deeply despised. The Japs were | carried through the streets on the shoulders of the populace and kissed and cheered wherever they appeared in public. , . - And then Japan declared war against Germany I Ins an ly there was a w Id , demonstration in the streets of Berlin, which would have resulted moat dlsas trously for the Japs who had so recent ly been hailed as friends but for the astonishing fact that every single Jap had succeeded in getting away from Berlin before the news of Japan's en try into the war became generally known. In the absence of Japanese upon which to vent their spleen, the Ger mans did everything they could to make life miserable for those who re sembled Japs. The few Chinese who were there were terribly treated either because they were taken for Japs or because they were of the same race. The Siamese minister, Prince Traldos, who was one of my patients, told me that when his wife and children went out on the streets the crowds followed them and jeered, referring to the Jap anese as monkeys and using other op probrious epithets. They even went so far as to spit in Princess Traidos' face, and the minister finally decided to send her and the children to Switzer land, although lie himself remained at his post. I saw the kaiser shortly after the Japanese declaration of war, and he was very bitter against the United States because of that development. "What is your president thinking of to allow a yellow race to attack a white race! Now the Japanese are at tacking Kiau-Chau, aud America could have prevented it. Ail that America had to do was to raise a finger and Japan would have known enough to keep her place!" He spoke in this strain on several subsequent occasions. When Kiau-Chau fell he again crit icized the United States for not having stopped Japan. "How can your president allow Japan to Increase in power at the ex pense of a white race?" he asked, in dignantly. "Now China is lost to Ute world forever. America is the one power that could have prevented it, but now Japan has got her fingers on China and she is lost to us forever !" After we were in the war, the kaiser expressed to me his opinion that our object in taking this step was four fold: "First," he said, "Wilson wants to save the money you have loaned to the allies. Second, he wants to have a seat at the peace table. Third, he wants to give your army and navy a little practical experience—unfortu nately, at our expense. And fourth, and principally, he wants to prepare for the war with Japan which he knows is Inevitable. The Japanese are the ones which your country must look upon us its real enemies." A German officer of high standing told me Just before I left Berlin that America had made the great mistake of sending ammunition, guns and sup plies to Russia, via Japan, because Japan had Just retained the finely made American articles and had dumped on Russia a lot of good-for nothing material of her own In their place. "My advice to America," he de plan'd. "Is to cut the thmat of every Japanese in America and get rid of the Internal danger." He did not sug gest cutting the throats of all the un desirable Germans who were in Amer lea and who had already demonstrated that they were far more dangerous than the Japanese had ever been. CHAPTER VIII. The Kaiser's Confidence of Victory. About twelve years ago I attended the German military maneuvers at Liegnltz, in Silesia, having been in vited by some Journalistic friends of mine to accompany them in the motor allowed the press. The military repre sentatives of England, France, Amer ica and other countries were there with the kaiser's stafT to witness the display of Germany's military power. Apparently they were very much im pressed, for I heard afterwards that one of the French officers who had been present had written a book In which he said: ''With such an army, Germany could annex France In six months !" , . , _ Taß the day -finally arrived, Gar many would crush her enemies and ac complish her object within a few months at the outside was held not I happened to mention this fact to the kaiser shortly afterwards and his significant comment was: "Six months ! I should hope so. wouldn't take that long!" The confident belief that when "Der . , . . « . . , only by the kaiser but by the peop e generally and their conduct when the war broke out clearly disclosed It When Germany's man power was mobilized, no one in Germany believed it would be very long before they would all be back and every effort was ] made t0 make thelr few week8 of ac . tlve service as little irksome as Dos Uve servlce as UtUe lr^ome as pos-, siDie. ueoesgaoen, girts or iove, consisting of clothing and food of every description, were forwarded to them by their relatives and friends In t he most lavish manner, although, of course, at that time the German com-j missary was able to satisfy all the sol diers' requirements. I : One of my patients told me that she had sent seventeen hundred pounds' of, snusages to one regiment within a week, and when I asked her why she had been so generqps she replied that her chauffeur was a member of the of ill-fitting woolen wearing apparel that they used many of the knitted or- j j j ! i j I ! I I per ! I At this late day it can hardly be necessary to establish how thoroughly! prepared the Germans were for the j war, but an incident which occurred in ^ the early days of the conflict may not, be out of place to show the self-satis fied and confident attitude which ail ! regiment ! The extent to which the country's resources were squandered in those early months is evidenced by the fact that the soldiers had such an excess ticles as earpieces and covers for their horses. No one had the slightest idea that the time might come when the whole nation would be clothed In pa j the Germans assumed. Two officers sitting at a table in an out-of-door cafe shortly after the war began overheard one of several ladies who were passing remark : "Look at those officers sitting there drinking. Why are they not at the front fight ing?" One of the officers got up and, approaching the ladies, said : "Our work was completed months ago. We worked from early morning till late at night on plans which our armies are now carrying out. It is our time to rest." The resistance that France would be able to put up was always very lightly estimated, and if the intervention England was at all taken into consid eration, the comparatively small army she could place in the field was re garded as but a drop in the bucket com pared with the well-trained German horde that was ready to sweep across the border. How could England's 80.000 men cope with Von Kluck's 500,000 or the hastily mobilized French armies re sist the thoroughly prepared, equipped and well-disciplined German warriors? It is really not to -be wondered at that the Germans firmly believed that they would bring the allies to their knees within a comparatively few weeks and that the conquering Ger man armies would celebrate Sedan day, September 2, in Paris. What ac tually happened is, of course, too well known here to require recital, but know that the Germans were kept in absolute ignorance of the marvelous resistance the allies were able to put up in those critical days of August and September, 1914, and to this day the fiiajority of Germans have not heard of the battle of the Marne ! Just after the English passed their conscription law I was called to see the kaiser at the great army headquari ters, which at that time were at Pless. Although the war had then lasted two or three times as long as the Germans had expected, the kaiser masked the depression he must have felt by put ting on a bold front. "How foolish for England to start conscription now," he declared. "She thinks she can accomplish in a few months what it has taken Germany a hundred years to attain. Armies and officers cannot be developed over night. We have never stopped preparing since the days of Frederick the Great !" "Yes, your majesty, but the North ern states in our Civil war put in con scription two years after the begin ning of the war," I suggested. "But Just look how long your war lasted," the kaiser replied quickly. "This war won't last that long. The allies will feel whut the power of Ger many is long before English conscrip tion can ayail them anything!" "And while England is slowly build ing up her insignificant army," the knlser went on, "she will see America's navy and merchant marine constantly growing anil the dollar replacing the pound as the unit of the world's finance. No, Davis, England will soon be sick of the wnr and will look with fear upon America's growing power!" Tlie French army, too, was generally belittled, and the Russians were be Ileved to be absolutely negligible. The French army was so poorly equipped, it was pointed out that the officers had to go to the field in patent-leather boots, and on the Russian front, only the first-line men had guns, the others being armed with clubs! Eventually, officers and soldiers re turning from the western front on fur iough or passing through the country en route from one front to the other brought the report of the defeat before Paris. Soldiers who participated in that disastrous retreat wrote from the new trenches to their friends and rel atives telling of the terrible expert ences they had undergone, when they went f or dayg w jtb nothing to eat but DOt atoes and turnins which they ^keH^tTL^T When these reports finally spread through Germany the people began to realize that their generals Ip the west were not meeting with the same success that Von Hindenburg had had in the east and Von Hindenburg became the idol of the people immediately, a fact tha£ wa8 dlstast eful to the high command. The kaiser's dislike of Von Hinden burg was of long standing. He had never forgiven that general for the mls £ake he ^ durl mfuta maneuv . firs , n peace üme wben by a brUUant stroke of strategy he had succeeded in capturing the kaiser's forces. Including the kaiser and his whole staff! I have referred in a previous chapter t0 the kalser ' s unbounded confidence after the ItaUan collapse In 1917. « Now we ' ve got the ames r he ex . . , . . * cI "|" ed ' a h conclusiveness T. 'j fera k as ze e °I | lml sm e . Aft tha ca P tnre of Houmania, he exhibited a similar degree of exulta tion. He believed that in that achieve ment he had successfully solved the food problem—the one cloud which constantly darkened the kaiser's hori zon. "Now the allies will never succeed in starving us," he said to me in my of flee shortly after the Roumanian drive. "With Roumania in our pockets and Servia already ours, their wonderful agricultural possibilities will supply our food needs and foil onr enemies' efforts to starve us. Indeed, they had better leok out for themselves. Don't forget we have a monopoly on the potash mines of the world. Without proper fertilization. American crops will go on decreasing and decreasing and they won't get any potash until we get ready to let them have it !" The fallure of the from a mIlltary standpolnt was undoubtedly a disappointment to the German , at i arge , who had counte d so mucb them t0 brjng dj^ter t0 England, but It cannot be said that the kaiser shared their chagrin. On the contrary, I have reason to believe that he never expected very much from that arm of his military force except as it might be useful to terrorize the civil population. A day or two after Zeppelin's death, i in 1017, a patient of mine, a lady, hap-; pened to remark that it was too bad that the count had not lived to see the triumph of his invention, and when I \ saw the kaiser shortly afterwards I; repeated her remark to see what he would say. "I am convinced that the count lived long enough to see all that the Zep pelins were capable of accomplishing." was his only comment. It recalled the answer he had given me some years before when both Zeppelins and air-: planes were in their infancy and I had asked him which held the greater promise. "We do not know. Time alone will tell," was his reply. The last time I conversed with the kaiser was on November 26. 1917. Up to that time we had sent over 169,000 troops, according to the figures which have since been revealed by Secretary Baker. According to the kaiser's in formation, however, we had only 30, 000 men in France at that time and he was of the opinion that we would never have many more. "America is having a fine time try ing to raise an army," he deelared satirically. "I hear that 1,600 mutinied the other day in New York and re fused to get on a transport, and a town in the Northwest composed prin cipally of citizens of Swedish blood refused to reg>ster at all ! We are get ting excellent information about all conditions in America." '* Shortly before this had come the rev elations from Washington of the in trigue of Count von Luxburg, the Ger man minister to Argentina, and I knew where the kaiser was getting the in formation he referred to. In nearly every case, it appeared, the kaiser's in formants were misleading him. Both before and after we entered the war the kaiser was thoroughly con-1 vinced that we could play only a nom inal part in it so far as man power was concerned and his assurance on that point undoubtedly accounted for his decision to carry through his sub marine program even though it re sulted- iu bringing us into the war. "Do you realize how many tons of shipping it takes to ship a single sol dier?" he usked me on one occasion. I confessed my ignorance on that point "Well, it takes six tons to the man ! To send over an army of 500,000 men. therefore, your country would require o,000,000 tons of chipping in addition to the tonnage required for regular traffic. Where is it coming from, with my submarines sinking the allied ves sels faster than they can ever be re placed? My U-boats are doing won derful work and we are prepared to take care of all the troops America may try to land in France." "How foolish for America to have come into the war," he went on. "If Continued next week .vcfTIGl; FOR PUBLICATION AND. POSTING CP TIME APPOINTED FOR PROVING WILL, ETC. In the Probate Court of the County of Payotte, State of Idaho. ( * n the Matter cf the Estate of Alice her, 1918, notice is hereby gives. that Dori* Adam Grotfcc, Deceased. Pursuant to an order of said Court, mc/ie on the 19th day o l Octc Saturday the Ninth day of November, 1918, at 10 o'clock a. m. of said day,j a <t the Court Room cf said Court, at the County Court House in the' ( ^-ity of *'ayrtt , has been a.pcnt Pf I æ the time and place for ip roving the V.'iil cf Alice Doris A "lam Grot he, deceased, and for hearing the nppli cation of Albert na Hroar fer tk» 1s ! T, Y ^ * ,eUerS * traticn with the Will annexed, when and where any person -ntereeted may appear and ccnUst the same. I e ° ° rp ' : 19 J 8 MARTIN O. LITHBR, f Lrk. Oct. 21, Nov. 7. _ notice for publication and! POSTING OF TIME APPOINTED FOR PROVING WILL, ETC. In the Probate Court cf the County cf'Payette, State of Idaho. In th' Matter of the Estate of Albert Grotke, Deceased. Pursuant to an order of said Court, made cn the 19ih day of October, 1918, notice is hereby given that Sat urday, November the 9th, 1918, at 10 r - clcrk a rn of r - lv 1 1 c CiC K a - m - or Co „ rt Rccm rjf Eaid court, at the County Court House n tho at county of Payette, hes been appointed the- time and place for provins the as ^ dl of sa'd Albert Grotte. -dec?ased.j ar.d for hearing the application of Albertina. Brown, for the Issuance to her of letters of administration with the V.'ill annexed, when and any person interested may and contest the same. Dated October 19. 1918 MARTIN O. LUTHE», Clerk. Oct. 24, Nov. 7. where appear FOR SALE: have; to-s. Phone Frui-lacd 27-22. __ ASSESSMENT NOTICE Cabbage, Kraut Cab Extra fine Netted Gem po'a THE LOWER PAYETTK DITCH COMPANY. Principal place of Business, Pay ette. Paveite Countv. Idaho Notice is hereby given that at a ; meeting of the Board of Directors of the above named corporation.; held on the 30th dav of Septem- j 1>?r I Q i g < an assessment of 25 cents share was ]evied u al , of j- „ • , ^ e outstanding capital stock of the corporation due and payable at pkee to E. C. S. Brainard the* Assistant Secretary of said corpcr-' ation, at its office No. 127 North Eighth Street. Payette, Idaho, Any stock upon which the as pessment remains unpaid on the), 26th day of November 1918, will de i in 'q neDt and advertised for | sale at ^ ubhc * U< T!?' 3nd ' P*y ment 18 raja de before, will so *d on the 14th day of December 1918, to pay the delinquency ! thereon together with the costs of advertising and expense of sale, Albert Wilson. Secretary Bv E c s Brainard " As«'t Se Crt . ta j. Office No. 127 North Eighth Street Payette, Idaho j U. S. Land Office at Vale, Oregon, j NOTICE FOR PUBLICATION September 16th, 1918 is hereby given that Charles P. Billups, of We ser, Idaho ; °n September 15th 1911, made Homestead! Entry No. 01982 for the N 1-2S 1-2, Sec. 26, T. 16 S. R. 46 E., and who on Jan. 29, 1314 made A ö'itional Homestead Entry, No. 03093, for S1-2NW1-4 and NT-2SW1-4, Se'tici ; 05 ' NOTICE Township 16 South, Range 46 j East, Willamette Meridian, has filed ! notice of intention to make Five Year Proof, to establish claim to the land above diese ribed, before Land! Fi-na ; Register and Roceiver, U. s>. Office, at Vale, Oregon on the 26th i i day of October, 1918. Claimant names as witnesses: R. H. Gillespie, F. N. Davis, A. D. Hayden, all of Weiser, Idaho ! O. C. Chatfield, of Payette, Idaho. THOS. JONES, Rc^LSUr. i S°pt. 19, Oct. 24. HAY FOR SALE: I have about 20 tons of good hay in stack, that I will sell at market price, 2 miles north east of Payette.— N. M. Jensen, phonal 40-tf. 2S3-J5. Squire at L. E. Peterson residence, WANTED: By a 17-year-old boy attending High School, a place to work for his board and room. In quire at this oflce. t2. FOR SALE: A good piano cheap. Found a Problem. Poet Farmer (reading)—It soys "to keep woodchucks from eating the ten der young vines, spray them with paris green." That is plain enough, but how cnn I catch the woodchucks In order to 'do it? Public Auction ■ The undersigned will sell at Public at THE DESERT STOCK FARM CRYSTAL on the State Highway, midway be tween Weiser and Payette on TUESDA Y, OCT 29 th the following property; 33 HEAD DAIRY CATTLE Consisting of many fresh and some soon will be Holstein Cows and Heifers Durhams etc 10 Head of Horses These are all Belgian Stock and are heavy animais 46 Head of Sheep Consists of 42 Cotswold Ewes, good ones.l pure bred Buck 4 yrs old, 3 Pure bred Cotswold yearling Bucks FREE LUNCH A T NOON X Sale beginning immediately after Terms of Sale: O 's time ap ne year proved note at 8 per cent; discount for cash. o per cent W. Scott Ande rson Karl Haselbarth E. W. DÜNN, Auctioneer Owners 0. A. WEST, Clerk ! • - The Property of the Payette Land Improvement Co. I will be sold on Easy Terms at Extremely Low Appraised Value See J. M. SWANSON, Manager LIME Air Slacked Lime is a good gar den fertilizer. A good cleanser for many purposes Price $2.00 Per Bbl. while it lasts i * VANPETTEN LBR. CO. ! ! 1 ' ! j LUMBER & MILL WORK Honey Casej, Bee Hives MISSOURI OAK If you are going to build get our oiices BEFORE BUYING PAYETTE BOX MILLS MARK PRINDLE Prop A?k the Barber at the STAR BARBER SHOP ABOUT R. D X. for Dandruff Cure or your Money Back Guaranteed by the Koken Barber Supply Co. J. L. SMITH, Prop FOR SALE: 1918 Ford car in. good j condition.—J N Ck Pracht. B. J. Hetherington & Co Electric Supply House We are especially equipped for Armature and Motor Repairing of all Kinds. Licensed Contractors for all Classes of Electrical Work 80S North Eigth Street Boise Idaho NOTICE Notice is horeby given that on Oct. 20 the water for irrigation pur pose« will be turned out of the Ex Î -! i tension Ditch. 4äU O. fi. IlMhaw^Bnc.