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received this morning from Captain P. W. McRoberts by Mrs. McRoberts stated that
the boys were safe "Over There. " The cablegram was sent from Winchester , England. A Cablegram THE TWICE-A-WEEK Twin fat i s times If you can't Go Acroas with a gun, Come Across with sacrifices at home. Advertising: is tial to business as is der to warring nations. as essen pow TWIN FALLS, IDAHO. VOL. XIII. NO. 28. THURSDAY, JANUARY 10, 1918. • 5 ; BAKER EXPLAINS DEPARTMENT CONDITIONS NO ARMY OF SIMILAR SIZE EVER RAISED SO QUICKLY" Some Mistakes Natur ally Made Army Supplied With Guns as Rapidly as They Could be j Transported to France—Troops Well Equipped and Ready. \ WASHINGTON, Jan. 10—This is the status of the American army as des cribed by Secretary of War Baker Testifying before the senate commit tee on military affairs today. The training of the army is pro reeding rapidly^, and its spirit is high. The subsistence of the army has been above criticism; its initial clothing •supply, temporarily inadequate, is now substantially complete and re serves will rapidly accumulate. Arms of the most modern and effective kind—'including artillery, machine guns, automatic rifles and small arms, nave been provided by manufacture or purchase for every soldier in France and are' available for every soldier who can be gotten to France in the year 1918. He said a large trained army of our troops now in France la r eady. No army of a similar size in the History of the world lias ever been raised, equipped or trained so quick ly." The war secretary came strongly to the defense of the quartermaster general's department and the ordnance department both of which had been severely criticised in the committee hearings for the alleged "snail like ' pace they set in equipping and mu nitioning the armies of the United States. "Here are two exceedingly signifi cant figures," Secretary Baker said. 'On the first day of April the ord nance department, consisted of 87 of ficers and the quartermaster gener al's department of 347 officers, while they now respectively comprise 3004 and 6,431 officers. There was no ready trained body of men in the i«untry who could have been select ed suddenly to assume the highly technical and specialized work of these two departments. Many of somewhat similar training had to bo chosen, and the nucleus of officers already In the corps had not only to carry forward the expanding opera tions of their departments, but be trainers and teachers of their new associates." It was natural that some mistakes and delays should arise in carrying out the gigantic task set for this de partment, the secretary insisted. Ev erything considered the war depart ment has done far better than even the most optimistic could have hoped. He made a plea that in viewing through a miscroscope, the small mis takes of the war machine, the commit lee have ever in mind the great achievements that have been effected. In detailing the success with whicn Ms efforts had met he had one par E. P. Hinton, a prominent farmer of Twin Falls county, died yesterday in Los Angeles as a result of an auto accident which occurred last Satur day, in which a friend, Joseph Wertz, was Instantly killed. Word of the accident was received Saturday from Mrs. Hinton, who stat ticular object, the secretary said; "General Pershing and our allies are (Continued on page 12) E. P. Hinton Killed in Auto Accident Prominent Farmer Dies Yesterday as Result of Injury—Lived Years at Hansen. ed in a telegram to her sister, Mrs. W. O. Smith, that her husband and Mr. Wertz had been in an accident in which the latter was Instantly killed and that the doctor attending Mr. Hinton stated on first examination that he did not believe Hinton's injur les dangerous. No further word was received until yr—*—rdr.y vOn i h niM in~r~ telegram to Mrs. Smith stated that Mr. Hinton had passed away and that the body would be shipped to Scotta ville, Ky., for interment. The details of the accident were not given in the telegram. Mr. Hinton was fifty-eight years He leaves a wife and a son, who He lived on a old. lives in New York, farm half a mile north of Hansen, for eight years and was well known throughout the county. Some months ago he sold out with a view of spend ing the winter in Los Angeles and then coming to this city to enter bus iness. Mr. Wertz was an old time friend -of Mr. Hinton and visited him a year or so ago. meeting many people here at that time. «BULGARIAN PEACE WITH RUSSIA \ LATEST REPORT FROM GENEVA Q ua. vl Between Moderates and Militarists Still Hoy *i Germany—Germans Make Big Conces sions to Hold Austria in Line—Peace Talks Be tween Central Powers and Bolsheviki Report ed to be Again Arranged—President's Talk Makes Teuton Press Froth—Endorsement of Wilson by British Labor Sore Disappointment to Huns. (I. N. S. Summary) A report that Bulgaria has entered into a separate peace with Russia and The report, which was entirely unofficial, originated in Berne, Switzerland, where it was printed in Der Bund. The dispute between the Moderates and Militar ists still continues in Germany. The status of the negotiations between the Bolsheviki envoys and the delegates of the central powers at Brest Litovsk was not disclosed today but advices received in Petrograd indicated that the Germans hod consented at least provisionally, to the removal of the parley to neutral soil. The German frontiers bordering on Holland and Switzerland have been sealed for a month, indicating that the movement of German and perhaps Austro-Hungarian troops to the western front is again under way. It is re ported that Germany has made big concessions to Austria to keep her in line. A captured German army officer was quoted in an interview printed in L'Excelsior of Paris, today as saying that Germany would launch her long heralded offensive on the western front as soon as possible. The officer added that Germany is staking her last hope for a general victorious peace "with annexations and indemnities" upon this offensive, which will be her greatest effort in the war. Inclement weather—with cold and snow—Is hindering operations in France and Italy, but cannonading was reported from both fronts. that the pact has been signed attracted wide attention today. AMSTERDAM. Jan. ID.-—The crisis in Germany is not yet past. Further evidence of the seething political tur moil created by the interference of the military heads in the affairs of the po litical government is revealed by the Frankfurter Zeitung. This paper has braved the wrath of the "Potsdam clique" by delivering a bitter attack upon the Pan-Germans and junkers. The situation brought about by the conflict between the mil itarists and the moderates over peace terms is described by the Frankfurt er Zeitung as "rotten." The paper declares that politics is not the business of the army leaders and has no part in their affairs. Un der present conditions, it continues, Germany cannot establish a policy which the entente and neutrals will respect. GENEVA, Jan. 10.—The disclosure of a "territorial agreement" between Germany and Austria, by which the latter country is to make large an nexations in the Balkans gave a new phase to the peace situation today. According to information from a Czech source, Austria supports Ger many's claims for the retention of Al sace-Lorraine and her colonies, while Germany agrees to uphold Austria's demands for the retention of Tren tino and Trieste, In addition Austria is to annex Ser bia. Montenegro and Albania, al though these countries are to pre serve "outward autonomy." Germany also consents to an Aus trian solution of the Polish question. PETROGRAD, Jan, 10.-The ques tion of moving the Russo-German peace conference from Brest Litovsk to neutral soil—an obstacle that near ly terminated the negotiations alto gether—has been solved, according to indications today. A dispatch from Brest Litovsk in dicated that the delegates represent ing the central empires had agreed to transfer the parley to a neutral cap ital, hut there Is no official confirma tion of this. The Bolsheviki and Ukrainian en voys at Brest Litovsk have reached , When the German envoys arrived at Brest Litovsk last Friday for a re sumption of the conference they found no Bolsheviki delegates pres co-operation. ent, but only a messenger with a dis patch from Petrograd demanding the removal of the conference to Stock holm. The Germans at first gave a neg ative answer, but the text of the re ply was not made public. Later the Bolsheviki envoys, accompanied by Foreign Minister Trotzky arrived from Petrograd and on Tuesday a preliminary session was held at Brest Litovsk to be followed by a formal session yesterday. While the Rus sians insisted upon a removal of the parley to „Stockholm, it was unofficial T Tv r reported that Copenhagen might be chosen instead. THE HAGUE, Jan. 10.—President Wilson's speecli setting forth the war aims of the United States has receiv ed "a hostile reception in official cir cles at Berlin, according to informa tion reaching diplomatic circles to day. The principles enunciated by the American executive came as a shock following so closely on the terms laid down by Premier Lloyd George last Saturday. But this was not the only blow. The statement given out by Arthur Henderson, the British labor leader, endorsing the terms given by the Brit ish premier, proved a stunning sur prise. for the German people had been led to believe that British labor was out of sympathy with the war aims of the government. A German Socialist, whose name was not given out but who was said to be a member of the reichstag, was quoted in a Berlin dispatch as saying: "We would never consent to such a one-sided arrangement as is propos ed in the Lloyd George program." German newspapers continue to criticize the British premier's peace terms. The semi-official Cologne Gazette was quoted as saying that if the terms were accepted they would strangle Germany for an indefinite period and mean world domination for England. A Copenhagen report says that the German envoys to the Russo-German peace conference at Brest Litovsk have been advised to "speed up" the negotiations, resulted from fears on the part of the German government that the Bolshe viki regime at Petrograd would be in fluenced by the friendly attitude adopted by President Wilson toward Russia. This order evidently LONDON, Jan. 10.—Copies of the Laborltes manifesto endorsing Presi dent Wilson's war aims speech were sent out today to labor organizations in Russia, France and Italy. It is believed that the strong stand taken by British labor will have a far reaching effect and that it will stim ulate the popular movement towards peace in the central powers If it can be placed in the hands of the German working classes. The position of the British govern ment has been greatly strengthened by the action of the Laborltes for the principles they are supporting are practically identical with those enun elated by Premier Lloyd George last Saturday. The manifesto lays particular stress upon President Wilson s advocacy of open diplomacy at the peace confer ence, his friendly attitude towards Russia and his declaration in favor o£ equality of trade conditions amongst all nations after the war. The joint labor congress has tie elded to ask the labor and socialist parties of the allied nations, Including the United States, to send représenta tives to a conference for further con sidération of peace terms. The time and place have not been definitely an nounced, but it probably will open in London on February 9. - i PARIS, Jan. 10.—There is open talk Q f a new cabinet crisis in Germany j according to a Zurich dispatch in the ' Matin today giving the National Zei tung of Berlin as its authority. The dispatch added that a conclave 0 f the German party chiefs was held secretly at the residence of Count von Hertling, the German chancellor, and a long discussion was held on the advisability of not recognizing further the political movements of Foreign Minister von Kuehlmaiin at the Brest Litovsk conference, It PARIS, Jan. 10.—An unconfirmed report that Russia and Bulgaria have entered into a separate peace and that an agreement has already been signed was received from Berne today, gave the newspaper Der Bund as its authority. some time before he Austro-German LONDON,, Jan. 10.—Germany has closed her frontiers bordering on Hol land and Switzerland, said a dispatch from Amsterdam today. The sealing of the borders may mean the movement of German and perhaps Austrian troops to the west ern front for a major operation. The German and Austrian borders touching Switzerland were closed for "°. I ATTENTION WOMEN OF TWIN FALLS More women are wanted to at tend the afternoon and evening classes of the surgical dressing department Twin Fails will be unable to fill her quota unless every woman does leer share in tlcis work. For information call Mrs. Bissett, Phone 792-J, or go directly to the classes being held in the basement of the high school building every afternoon and evening. j ; ( | j O o SUFFRAGE WINS IN THE LOWER HOUSE TODAY PRESIDENT TAKES STAND FOR AMENDMENT AND DEMOCRATS JOIN IN Planning of the Repub lican Partisan Upset Hoped to Throw Democrats Into Confusion and Reap Political Benefit but Found the Tables Turned on Them. WASHINGTON. Jan. 10.—The Su Anthony amendment was passed by the house this afternoon forty years to a day from the date of its first introduction. To President Wilson's action in en dorsing the amendment must large part of the credit for the suf frage victory. His statement to a group of southern Democrats, who wént to him sorely tried on the eve of* the vote, lined up all members of hig party who were in doubt, solidly behind the amendment. Fix-sevenths of the Republican dmbers of the house had given their pledge before the president's new po sition was known, to vote "aye" this afternoon. Thus they hoped to reap the credit and to gain the favor of the women in states where they now vote, if the amendment was passed and. In case the measure failed, to fasten the blame on the Democrats. The Republican caucus was thrown into confusion when the White House made known the president's stand but san B. go a M it was decided finally to hold to the original plan and to let the women voters decide to what party was due the larger measure of credit. with THF IMF RICAN ARMY IN FRANCE, Jan. ». Reports of Immer alitv amollL , .)ie American soldiers in Kraiiee which have been circulated j.. the'united Sf ifes were finflv de. nied in reports by both Roman Caih olic and Protestant chaplains, which were made public today. The clergymen stated that in the performance of their duty they have been compe , led to lraTe | considerably | an , 0 , 1R . f j, a „ d (j, a i pleases j them immensely to state that they Immorality Charge Vigorously Refuted Protestant and Catholic Chaplains Deny Reports of Loose Living by Troops. f; llf j niora | conditions very snfisfac < or y." fjj e report adds « T he military authorities are vigl i an tjy removing temptation and the , honcstlv trvimr with the re sl ,u Giat t j llls / ar we hare a clean arnjJ . Wc ftre honestly convinced the men * on duty in t |, esc towns In i these towns in France are in less (danger than they would be seeing ser j >ice in their own country." ' REPORT OF RED CROSS ENTERTAINMENT AT HANSEN On last Thursday evening the people of Hansen and the surrounding com munity were most delightfully enter tained by two of their number, Miss (Ruth A. Pancdst, reader, assisted by Miss Marie Pettygrove at the piano Hansen can truly be proud of such unusual .talent, as Miss Pancost is a graduate of a Boston school of elo cution. and for the past two years has been on a lyceum circuit. Miss Pettygrove, the Hansen people have often had the pleasure of hearing, her talent even at that lime attracting attention every where. The proceeds of the evening helped swell the Red Cross fund. * offensive against Italy was launched. Artillery activity on the Cambrai front was the only thing reported by the British war office today. In the Gonnelieu sector, southwest of Cambrai, the Germans bombarded the British positions. Snow and cold weather is hinder ing operations. Entente Nations Endorse Message Muc h Speculation Over Hussion SR- I nation—French Whip Hermans and i Take Mile of Trench. (I. N. S. Summary Jan. 9) The predominating features in the peace situation today were these; L The cordial endorsement given by the entente countries to the epoch making war aims speech by President Wilson. 2. Speculation over the trend I which the renewed Russo-German ne gotiations at Brest Litovsk may take. Widespread mutiny is reported from the German army on the eastern front and the opinion was expressed in penhagen (a capital that is in close j touch with Husso-German affairs) that this might lead to a modification of the German terms. Japan has become so anxious over the possibility of a Russo-German peace that preparations have been made to take over the administration of Vladivostok, if this step is deemed necessary. The Japanese government fears that the eighty thousand Ger man prisoners of war in Siberia might be employed for the invasion of Manchuria, and China. As a result of the allied "peace drive" it is believed that Germany will issue another note, setting forth her terms in greater detail than at any time yet. Zurich, Switzerland, reports that Germany will propose the return of her colonies, restoration of Bel gium on the basis of constitutional autonomy, self determination of the people in the occupied district of northern France to settle the ques tion of restoration, guarantees for the political integrity of Turkey and dis armament. The British front remains quiet. A lull of many months on the Woevre plain (the district between the Meuse river and the Gesman bor der) the French delivered a powerful assault Tuesday evening penetrating the German front over a width of nearly a mile, the war office report ed today. In the fighting around Seich eprey, 11 miles east of the St. Mlhiel salient, the French captured over 175 prisoners. 1 BERLIN, Jan. 9.—Admission that the French had penetrated the Ger man lines at "isolated points" near Flirey was made by the war office to day. The official report added, how ever, that the French were driven back to their own trenches by Ger man counter attacks. ** The assault was launched late Tues day, after a violent bombardment, the Frenflh advancing over a front of more than two miles. (Flirey is on the Woevre plain.) Brotherhoods Ask Lane and Brandeis Would Have Them on Hoard of Four to Pass on Railroad Wages During the War. WASHINGTON. Jan. 10.—Louis D. Brandeis of Boston, associate justice of the supreme court of the United States, and Franklin D. Lane, secre tary of the interior have been recom mended by representatives of the four big railroad brotherhoods as members of the new labor wage board. It was stated today at the office of Director General McAdoo that the labor lead ers regard these two men as especial ly fitted for positions on the board. There are to be four members of the body, which is to be the tribunal to pass upon wage questions arising dur * ,e announced today or tomorrow. Jus tlce Brandeis has for many years been a close student of wages of labor and especially of workmen's compensa tion. Secretary Lane also is an ex P ert fn labor matters and was one of the president's principal advisers at the time of the railroad strike crisis ing the government operation of the railroads. Director General McAdoo today announced that the names of the other members of the board will a year and a half ago. Secretary Lane is a member of the special com mittee named to make a study of the railroad labor problem at the time of the passage of the Adamson eight hour law. He also served on the in terstate commerce commission. Contributors Are Thanked for Fund Henry Morganthau Sends Letter Of Appreciation I'or Jewish Relief Con tributions. The following letter acknowledging* receipt of the contributions to the Jewish Relief Fund for suffers from the war was received yesterday, ex tending thanks to all who contribut ed : Messrs. S. Straus and Sam Hart. Twin Falls, Idaho. Dear Sirs: May I express to you the profound gratitude of our committee for your recent check for $962.00, as the sub scription from Twin Falls to the! Jewish War Sufferers' Fund. I regret that we have not the fa cilities for sending individual ac knowledgments to each of the sub scribers, and will ask you to be kind enough to thank all of them for their | mnernifirent evidence of generosity ; and sympathy for our great cause. With best wishes. I am, Cordially vours, HENRY MORGENTHAU, , Chairman, INTERLOCUTORY WATER DECREE IS DISSOLVED Co-|WaS Based OIY Reversed JUDGE DIETRICH REVOKES ORDER IN SALMON SET TLERS CASE Decision Settlers May Appeal for Similar Remedy Under the Ruling of Circuit Court Or Ask for Other Protection. Refusing to dismiss the case of A. E Caldwell, et al., against the .Twin Falls Salmon River Und & Water company on the motion of The Com monwealth Trust company of Pitts burg, trustee, and A. C. ~ Judge Deitrich, of the United States district court, solved the interlocutory decree inso far as it estopped the trust company named, or Mr. Robinson from attempt ing to collect or enforce payment on water right contracts held by them on Salmon tract lands. The defend ant company did not ask that the de cree be dissolved as to any contracts that it might hold. The interlocutory decree was enter ed in connection with the decision by Judge Dietrich November 29, 191B. which held that the contracts should be so construed as to entitle the set tlers to two and three-quarters acre feet of water Robinson. has nevertheless dls The circuit per acre. court rejected this Interpretation but held that another construction sidered by Judge Dietrich adopted by him was correct, to-wit: that the settlers were entitled to .01 cubic foot of water per acre per sec con but not ond during the irrigation season, to be 1 delivered in such quantities and at such times as weather and dltlons might determine. crop con A system was to be adopted for the delivery of water by rotation. As the interlocu tory decree was based on a theory re jected by the circuit court, its disso lution followed as a matter of course, when requested, that another similar decree might not be issued protecting the rights of set tlers as defined under the ruling of the circuit court, is reported that a number of suits to enforce contracts This does not mean In the meantime it are contemplated and the settlers will take the matter of their course of action up at their meeting January 12. o -o CITY REJOICES AT SAKE PASSAGE OF BOYS Twin Falls rejolres today over the safe passage of Company I), to the other side, where all feel cover itself with A few of the boys unable to get across, were taken from t he transport at Halifax, N. S. suffering from 1 t that It will glory. were Several mumps, and seventeen, including several Company 1» members, der Lieutenant Hounds were de tained on special work to New port News, where they were still on duty as late as January S. nil o -o Miss Bettie Powers Is Called by Death Oldest Teacher In Twin Falls Schools Dies At Her Home This Morning— F'nneral Sunday. After a long struggle with death during which she refused to the last to desist from her life work. Miss Elizabeth B. Powers, daughter of H. E Powers, the oldest teacher in point of service in the Twin Falls schools, died at her home in this city this morning, at 1:30 o'clock, sufferer for many mcfhths but tinned to teach until last Friday even ing. Sunday she became suddenly worse and continued to sink grad ually until death called her Miss Powers was born in Blair, Ne braska, November 19, 1883. She was a con Her mother died when she young and she has been a constant companion of her father, who sur vives her, during life, graduate of the Northern Illinois Nor mal She came here in 1908 and has taught in the Lincoln school since 1909. quite was She was a ° c '° . Sunday afternoon, A sister, Mrs. Charlotte Wells, lives J 1 ' *' ,os Angeles and Is on her way here. The funeral will be held at Presbyterian church at 2:30 the | al merchant vessels were destroyed ; and. according to figures compiled to SR I Pf« SUNK DURING WEEK During the past week 21 addition , day this brings the total up to 1017. Of the lost ship 18 w-ere over 160« tons and three were under that size, i naddition four fishing boats were lost.