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The Camden chronicle. (Camden, Tenn.) 1890-current, May 16, 1890, Image 1

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THE
CAMDEN
CHRONICLE.
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ji'OULlSIIKl) BY flUVialiKOTlliaUi " "L7J 0XE i'Ol-LAiri'KiiYKAIl. "
VOfj- I. CAMDEnTtKNNKSSEE, FltlDAY, MAY 1C, 1891). " NaT
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The total increase in newspapers
m tho United States sinco last
yeaf is 029, and in Canada 24.
The election of a successor to
Senator Beck, of Kentucky, will
bo held on tho 20th instant The
common opinion is that Mr. Carlisle
will be elected.
About thirty companies will par
ticipate in the Slate encampment
of the National Guard at Chatta
nooga July 4. Tho military exer
cises will continue three days.
The experts are. still hard at work
at Jfickson, Miss., on ex-treasurer
Hemingway's books. Results are
kej)t to themselves and the public
is still in tho dark if any discov
eries have been made.
The Chattanooga Times is anx
ious to know if John M. Taylor is
a farmer. Yes, he is and a good
one too, but he is isn't running on
his agricultural record. He is i
Democrat. Memphis Scimitar.
Hon. John E. McCall, of Lex
. ington, says that while he does not
seek the nomination as the llepub
lican candidtae for governor, if the
-convention should select him as
theirstandard-boarer, he would ac
cept. The Chinese Minister at Wash
ington has decided to conform to
the usages of occidental society to
the extent of allowing his wife to
mingle with her fellow-beings.
Henceforth she will receive, as do
the ladies of other legations, and
will even return visits in person.
Conversation, of necessity, will be
limited, as she knows no English.
TnE Nashville Evening Herald
' has entirely too much to say about
Tennessee coal and iron in connec
tion with the gubernatorial race.
Of course the Herald's Democracy
is all right, but it doesn't appear a
good stroke of policy to question
the Democracy of others who are
In the lists. It looks too much like
"Jere or bust." Linden Herald
Great uneasiness prevails among
the fanners in the flood-stricken
districts of Arkansas, Mississippi
and Louisana. Thousands of acres
are under water and the season has
150 advanced that to put in a full
icrop is out of the question, and in
some localities they have abandoned
any idea of putting in auy crop at
all. The situation, is truly appall
ing. Governor Hill has recom
mended to the New York legislat
ure the passage of a law making the
courts tho judges of tho qualifiea
. tions of members of the legislature.
There is evidence of much merit in
such a law. If ii had been a na
tional law there would be more
Democrats in Congress to-day. As
it was, without semblance of law
and with ill-coneealed display of
justice, they were thrown out by a
partisan majority to meet a parti
san desire. Nashville American.
All the Madison County election
cases in tho federal court have been
dismissed. This was not done by a
jury, but by a decision of a federal
"judge. He holds that what has
been heralded throughout the
length and breadth of the land as
election frauds were no frauds at
all and there wa3 nothing upon
which to base indictments. The
defendants camo out with flyin,
colors and the Democrats of Madi
son County are vindicted from the
aspersions that have been cast u pon
them. We hope that the brazen
slanderers who have been denouuc
ing this county will no
lanced. Jackson Times.
The Republican Revolt.
New York World.
There is a Republican, revolt
against, the McKinley tariff bilk
The Chicago Tribune lends it. and
the Pioneer-Press, of St Paul, fol
lows vigorously after. The Tri
bune accuses the Committee of
Ways and Means of inventing new
taxes and increasing old ones. It
demands "substantial relief for tho
people." The Pioneer-Press as
serts that "the Republican party
does not dare to go before the
country on the platform of such a
bill as this." In union with these
Western newspapers aro the shoe
and leather manufacturers of New
England, who are outraged by the
avowed purpose to impose a cus
torn tax on hides.
What does all this mean? Sim
ply that tho newspapers and man
ufacturers who are now crying out
against McKinley and his wretched
bill were not honest in the last
Presidential campaign. The P
neer-Press and the other protest
ants supported Benjamin Harrison
on a platform as bad as the bill,
They advocated the entire repeal
of the taxes on whiskey and to
bacco " rather than the surrender
of 'any part of our protective sys
tem." These words occur in the
national platform which was writ
ten by Mr. McKinley, who has
now simply embodied in the -bli
the views that he then held. He
must be surprised to learn tha
the people who unhesitatingly fol
lowed him and Mr. Harrison in
the political campaign are now
prepared to rend him.
He has not changed nor have
they. They joined in the cry for
protection because they thought i
might catch votes. They suppor
ted the Republican party, not bo
cause they believed in any living
principle it embodied but because
they were Republicans a genera.
tion ago. They wanted Harrison
to be President because Lincoln
had been. They wanted Quay to
succeed because Horace Greely
was a moral force in anti-slavery
days. They were willing to sup
port a barbarous tariff policy a
the polls because they did not be
ievo that the Republican party
meant what it said.
They aro fitly punished, and if
they alone were to be the sufferers
from increased taxation we would
like to see the McKinley bill be-
come a law, mat ail its outrages
might rest upon the heads of those
who followed Harrison and Mc
Kinley without believing in them.
Rut there is a larger and more im
portant consideration than that of
vengeance, and so it is gratifying
to learn that there is a point be
yond which blind partisanship
will not carry Republicans.
Against the Masses.
Nashville ller;d(l.
The McKinley tariff bill has been
subjected to close analysis from all
directions, and its features are now
clearly perceived. . That it pre
serves the central characteristic of
the Republican doctrine of protect-
1 it
ing select classes and burdening
the masses, has been demonstrated,
A competent authority has made
forcible illustration of this fact in
presenting examples of new or in
creased taxes imposed by this bill
upon goods necessarily consumed
almost entirely by persons of mod
erate means, and in all cases used
by them more largely than by the
rich.
The present duty on cotton cord-
! uroys is per cent, it is ample
j to cover over and again all the
ilferenco in the cst of labor here
and abroad. Tho McKinley bill
proposes to tax it 07 per cent,
or nearly double. Cheap woolens
now pay 83 per cent, which is as
leavy a tax as can possibly be de
scribed as "protective." The new
bill proposes a tax of 150 percent,
which is and is intended to be pro-
libntory. Low-priced astrakhans,
which are very largely used by the
poorer classes, now pay 70 per cent. ;
they aro taxed by the McKinley
bill at 172 per cent. Cotton velvet,
which the rich would never use,
but which is very extensively worn
by persons of modest incomes, is to
)Q advanced from 40 per cent, to
81 percent. Turning to household
wares, the chimneys of oil lamps of
a common grade now pay 45 per
cent. ; the new duty is equivalent
to 450 per cent, and yet Mr. Mac
belli, of Pittsburgh, a manufacturer
of this class of goods, has declared
that they can be made at a profit
in competition with the world and
without any duty whatever.
Carpet manufacturing is pro
tected by a duty of 00 per cent,
and the business is confined almost
exclusively to the. States of Con
necticut, Maine, New Jersey, New
York, Massachusetts', and Penn
sylvania. Cotton goods are protected by an
avorage duty of 40 per cent. In
1880 the total capital invested in
cotton manufacturing in the Uni
ted States was $20S,000,000, and of
this $1S2,000,000, or nine-tenths,
was in tJue lane manutacturmg
States of the Northeast.
Hosiery and knit goods are pro
tected by duties of 40 and GO per
cent, and Ihe business is almost
confined to the States of Massa
chusetts, New J ersey, New York,
Pennsylvania, and Vermont, these
States having 815,000,000 of the
total capital, $15,580,000, invested
in it
The duties on iron and steel
range from 30 to GO per cent., and
nearly two-thirds of this business
is in the manufacturing States-
they having 8150,000,000 of the
total capitai, 8230,000,000, invested
m it
The manufacture of boots and
shoes is protected by a duty of 28
percent; of the $43,000,000 capi
tal invested in the business, 835,-
000,000, or five-sixths, is in the
manufacturing States,
On Cleveland.
A leading Wisconsin Republican
snys: l regard u rover vjieveiam
as the nmst superb man known in
public life to-day. He is fair, able
fearless, and honest There are in
politics but three great nationa
reforms; ballott-re form, civil-sen'
ice-reform and tariff-reform, and
Mr. Cleveland occupies the proui
. Ml ,1 1 1
position ot being tne head and
front of them all. He is one o
the few public men who combine
courage and honesty with brilliancy
and ability. He is an ideal states
man. How different from the pres
ent failure in the White House."
A town in Prussian Silesia finds
itself in a dilemma. It has just
been discovered that the registra
tor wns illegally appointed a year
ago. But while in office ho united
over a hundred couples in marriage
and now the whole batch of these
are declared not married tit all
I Ins would be a Lrodsend m an
American town, for then divorces
would come in easy.
A tkocess is said to have been
discovered by which good bagging
material can be made of the stalk
of the cottou plant
The Scuth and the Tariff.
111 a recent speech in Congress,
Benton McMillinshot the McKin
ley tariff bill full of holes. Below
we quote a few lines of his speech:
"Whatever may bo the condition
of the balance of tho country,
New England has to have a change.
She has to get her raw materials
cheaper. Her manufacturers onco
had such a market as no other peo
ple had anywhere else in tho world.
The South was then agricultural,
but attempted no manufacturing.
Sho -made great 'Values, and her
four and a half -millions of slaves
were, consumers. Now lier -.seven
millions of freedriien are competi
tors. We no longer go to New
Jiingland lor our cotton or coarse
woolen goods. WTe make them at
home. We hear complaint in tho
Northwest It must be observed
that we no longer keep our smoke-
louses and corn-cribs in Minnesota
and Illinoise. They are at home.
Instead of going to Pittsburg
or iron, we sell hundreds ot thou
-ii-i n Mil
sands of tons yearly in Pittsburg
or through Pittsburg; and this in
dustrial revolution has just begun
The land that was prostrate has
arisen. The young industrial
pant is ready for the conflict We
will ultimately sell our cotton
,'oods in Lowell. The people who
1 i 1 i T T-1 1 i
iave learned that jncw Jimgiand
can not pay two transportations
and compete with them will learn
that it is cheaper to ship cotton
goods than raw cotton. Then in
dead earnest will the conflict for
supremacy begin. Then will it be
seen that the absence of commerce
on the seas is paralysis to the sea
shore."
The Progress of tho South.
New York S;m. .
The progress of the Southern
States since they were fully re
deemed from the rapacity of the
carpet-baggers has been wonderful
in all respects. In ten years they
have risen from stagnation to
abounding prosperity; and their
material advancement has been
greater proportionately than that
of any other part of the Union. In
1880, when the improvement was
beginning, the assessed value of
the property of the fourteen South
ern States was only $2,913,430,095.
In 1889 it was 8-1,220,100,400. Ac
cepting the estimates of the census
of 1880 that the assessed value is
only 41 per cent of the true value,
we find that the South gained over
83,000,000,000 in property during
that short period. In 1880 its pro
duction of pig-iron wr.3 only 397,
301 tons. In 1889 it was 1,500,702
tons. Tho progress in this indus
try is going on at an accelerated
pace, furnaces capable of turning
out over a million tons annually
being now under construction or
contracted for in the region. Ala
bama, according to Hon. Abram
S. Hewitt, possesses riches in iron
which "threaten the majesty of the
Northern iron and coal-fields;" and
"only the Southern sluggard has
hitherto given tho race to the
North." In 1882 the South pro
duced G,5G9,31G tons of coal. In
1S89 the output was 19,497,418
tons. The coal-fields of the South,
extending from Wheeling, in West
Virginia, to Northern Alabama,
are practically inexhaustible. The
production of cotton was 2,269,310
Dales in 1000; lo&is it was
0,938,290, and for the present year
it is estimated at 7,250,000 bales,
In other words, the South is now
producing about 7,000,000 out of
the 10,000,000 to 11,000,000 bales
which constitute the whole cotton
crop of the world. Freedom is do
ing far better than Khm-ry in th
raising ot'the great st'iple. The
number of spindles in cottou nian-
"ifactories at the South was only
007,851 in 1880. In JRM) it was
2,035,208. The number of milla
iring the same period lias in
creased from 101 to 355. This
table of tho agricultural production
of the South is of great interest:
rrodiicts. ism. 1880.
Cotton...' liiilcs.. C.TnS.lKn 7,2.V),000
'' Imsluils.. ;i;;:!.r.M,'j'.H M9,5I7,(K0
""'HI do.... M,47i,7U Wl.tWt.lKM
'"H do.... 43,47ti,UlW 77,714,0(10
The increase in tho production
of grain between 1879 and 1889 was
over 220,000,000 Jiushcls. and tha
percentage was 'much greater thai
in tho rest of the Union. These
statistics, borrowed " from ' the 'Man
ufacturers' Record, show marvel
ous progress and development
They show also a people orderly,
peaceful, industrious, and harmo
nious; and they prove that tho
race problem is not practically the
serious trouble so many of them
imagine. White and black are get
ting on' wonderfully well together,
and together are enjoying the groat
prosperity of a region whose de
velopment has only begun.
Hon. B. A. Enloc.
Memphis Commercial.
Mr.Enloe of the Eighth district
deserves to-be held in gratein'l re
membrance by every Tennessean
for the ''flue -examnle of oificlal
fidelity which he has been ever
since he took lm seat in tho Houso.
He has neVer failed in his duty,
andvhas risen steadily in the esteem
of his fellow members and in tb&
of the whole country because of
the manliness and ability ho has
manifested in defending his con
stituents and the whole South
whenever assailed, and tho con
spicuous good sense ho has dis
played in the discussion of public
questions. -Mr. Enloe has growot
in his position to something like
an equality with it and is to-day
one of the most useful and avaiht
ble members of the House on the
Democratic side.
Logan County, Ky., is rich in
asphaltum, as has just been dis
covered, and the people of that
county who own lands on which
the valuablo product exists, are
greatly excited over the discovery.
Asphaltum exists no where tlso in
the United States except in Caliw
fornia, and tho mines there have
not been thoroughly tested. Tho
large amoiint of asplialtum used in
this country has always been ship
ped here from Trinidad, at great
expense.
The Congressional committee
appointed to investigate the immi
gration business report the discov
ery of a single square mile of ter
ritory in New York City whern
270,000 people live, which is 8,000
more Tjeoole than emi b fmm.1
i -v utivt
dwelling in any other square mile
on the earth's surface. These oeo-
pie are said to all bo Italians, spoak,
ing only their own lan.nmw
observing foreign customs.
Murder seems to be the least
perilous of all the felonious pas
times known in this country. Out
of 14,779 murderers who took hu
man life in the six years irom 18S4
to 18S9 only 558 paid the penalty
of their crimes by yielding their
own lives to the law.
About $100,000 worth of mili
tary stores belonging to the United
States Government, burned Satan
day night at Willcts Toint, L. J,
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