OCR Interpretation

The Camden chronicle. (Camden, Tenn.) 1890-current, December 19, 1890, Image 1

Image and text provided by University of Tennessee

Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn89058013/1890-12-19/ed-1/seq-1/

What is OCR?

Thumbnail for

VOL. II. NO. 9.
1 '
Some Very Interesting lieadlny.
Home mid Kami.)
The Nationnl Farmers' Alliance
met at Ocala, Fla., December 2,
1890. President Rogers, of the
Florida Alliance, presided, and an
address was delivered by President
Polk. Concerning the proposed
national legislative council, Mr.
Polk said :
"I would respectfully suggest
that a legislative council, to 'be
composed of your national presi
dent, who sliall be ex-oflieio chair
man, and the presidents of all the
State Alliances represented in the
supreme council, and that this body
shall hold its annual meeting within
sixty days after the adjournment of
the supreme council, at such time
and place as may be indicated by
the national president; that it be
empowered and authorized to ap
point such legislative committees as
in its judgement may be wise, and
that it be required to transmit to
each of the States, in printed form,
through the national secretary, for
distribution to the reform press,
lecturers, and members of the order,
all measures or bills, together with
arguments in their favor, as they
may decide should be enacted into
C. A. Bower, an old Union sol
dier from Indiana, moved that all
ex-soldiers ia the hall, who endors
ed the sentiments expressed in the
speech of President Foulks, of
South Dakota,, with reference to
the burial of sectionalism, rise up
to be counted. I he motion pre
vailed, and between forty and fifty
stood up amid the wildest enthu
siasm. Under the inspiration of this good
feeling an ex-Union soldier from
Wisconsin stood up in his seat and
called upon all Union soldiers pres
ent to give three cheers for the old
Confederates in the Alliance. They
were riven with a will. Then" it
was the Confederates' turn, and
they cheered the old soldiers of the
Union with a volume and hearti
ness that raised no doubt as to the
genuiness of their feeling. The
cheers ended with a. wild, old-fashioned
"Rebel yell," and as its ech
oes died away, one aged veteran of
the Confederacy shouted' in a voice
that rang out clearly through the
hall : " That's the genuine article ;
I've heard it before."
The report of the committee
showed 88 actual delegates present
from the following States, each
State having a full accredited del
egation in attendance :
Alabama, 5; Arkansas, 5; Colo
rado, 1; Florida, 3; Georgia, 7; Ill
inois, 2; Indiana, 2; Indian Terri
tory, 2; Kansas, 8; Kentucky, 5;
Louisiana, 4; Maryland, 2; Mich
igan, 3; Mississippi, 4; Missouri,
6; North Carolina, 5; Pennsylvania,
2; South Dakota, 2; South Caroli
na, 4; North Dakota, 2; Tennessee,
4; Texas, 4; Virginia, 5; West Vir
ginia, 2.
"Wednesday's session.
Livingston, president of the
Georgia Alliance, demanded an in
vestigation by an impartial com
mittee of charges and insinuations
against himself, President Polk,
and . Macune. Polk and Macune
joined Livingston in the demand
for an investigation.
It was decided that a committee
of investigation should be appoint
ed and that it should consist of one
member from each State delegation
in the convention, to be selected by
the delegation itself.
In the afternoon resolutions were
unanimously adopted denouncing
the Lodge election bill, also reso
lutions denouncing the Louisiana
and all other lotteries.
At the night session of the Al
liance, Gen. John H. Rice, of Kan
sas, addressed the convention on
the improvement of the Mississippi
River by urging an appropriation
by Congress of $9,000,000 in addi
tion to 1,000,000 already appropri
One delegate expressed it as his
belief that there was a big railroad
scheme behind this plan, intimat
ing ako that he had it on good au
thority that a big syndicate of cap
italists had bouglit up the available
lands near the mouth of the river
in anticipation of a rise of values
and building a railroad through
While the delegates expressed
no opposition to any plan compre
hending the improvement of the
Mississippi River, and the relief of
the people within its borders, they
were still unwilling to give their
endorsement to any plan of the de
tails of which they were not fully
The delegates from Mississippi
and Louisiana could give no defi
nite information about the project
and the resolution was finally ta
Thursday's session.
The proceedings of the Alliance
for the third day were secret and
generally devoid of interest.
The Colored Alliance, Thursday,
December 4, adoped the following
resolution favoring the doctrine o
equal rights and special privilege
for nqne, and being opposed to the
abuse and prostitution of the tax
ing power of the Government and
the enactment of class legislation
by which one industry is fostered
and built up at the expense of an
other, we protest against the pass
ing of the Conger lard bill, while,
in the interest of public health and
morals and to secure pure food and
drugs, we favor and pray for the
passage of the Paddock pure food
The resolution was adopted unan
imously. The colored Alliance
speakers claimed that there are
75,000 negroes employed in the
production of ' cotton-seed oil, and
that the Conger lard bill if passed,
would defraud thein of the r wages.
The Colored Alliance also adopt
ed the following resolution;
"Resolved, That we, the delegates
attending the National Colored
Farmers' Alliance, do hereby, in
meeting assembled at Ocala, Fla.,
urge upon Congress to pass the
Lodge election bill, and let it ap
ply to all sections of the United
fkiday's session.
The report made concerning the
charges against Polk, Livingston,
and Macune, was a compromise
It condemns the course of the three
leaders, though it declares they
have discovered nothing derogatory
to their characters. The following
resolutions were adopted without
objections :
(1) That we have been unable to
ascertain a single fact implicating
in any way, shape, or form, the
high character and standing and
personal and official reputation of
our worthy president, L. L. Polk,
but we regret the writing of he
Norwood letter.
(2) As to Brother Livingston,
president of the Georgia State Al
liance, we do not find anything de
rogatory of bis personal or officia
high standing, but your committee
is not quite prepared to endorse his
course in the Georgia Senatorial
(3) That in the case of Dr.C. W.
Macune nothing has been found to
cssen our confidence in his per
sonal integrity and loyalty to the
order ; however, wre regret his of
ficial connection with the Georgia
Senatorial contest."
Saturday's session.
Mr. Powderly addressed the Al-
iance delegates at Exposition Hall,
ie advocated reiorm m tue em
ployment of child labor, insisted
that the Government had the right
to control the railroads, and then
made a. firery attack upon the em
ployment of labor-saving machine
ery as defrauding workingmen of
the right to work. He was espe
ciallv bitter against all electric
devices, declaring that capitalists
in their greed, have even cornerec
God's wrath and compelled it to do
their bidding. He denounced sec
tionalism, ands'said: "No matter
what politicians may say, we, of the
two sections, are together again
and together we will fight monopo
ly." This sentiment brought forth
great applause-
John Davis, of Kansas, spoke
upon finances, and this closed the
exercises of "Labor Day."
The most exciting debate of the
session related to the report adopt
ed Friday, concerning Dr. Macune
President Hall demanded a hear
ing so he might state his reasons
for refusing to sign the white
washing report. In a most digni
fied manner and amid a foreb6ding
silence he proceeded to say that he
had refused to sign the report of
the investigating committee for the
following reasons :
(1) Because it censured Presi
dent Polk for writing the Norwood
letters a censure which was un
just to Polk for various reasons.
(2) Because it exhonorated Dr.
Macune, although Macune had act
ually and openly admitted before
the committee that he had gone to
Georgia and formed a combination
among Alliance legislators and or
ders in the interest of Pat Calhoun
for United States Senator ; because
Macune had also admitted that Oal
houn had loaned him (Macune)
$2,000, and because Macune had
further admitted that he remained
sixteen days in Georgia lobbying
for Calhoun s election.
(3) Because Macune had admit
ted before the committee that lie
had for the past year traveled on
transportation furnished him by
the West Point Terminal Compa
With reference to a "loan" of
2,000 from Calhoun, it was alleg
ed that Macune admitted before
the committee that he gave, as se
curity therefor, an order for 2,000
on the National Alliance treasury
Proof had also been adduced as to
the policy of the National Econo
mist and the Georgia Alliance Far.
mer being in the interests of cor
porations and monopolists. This
chance from the former policy in
favor of the farming interest liad
been gradual, but ultimately so
marked as to have practically con
firmed the suspicion of outside fi
nancial influence at that time
Other proofs as to lobbying anc
several minor charges had also
been presented. .
Mr. Macune was asked at supper
time by the Associated Press rep
resentative with reference to the
outcome of the manifesto.
" It will amountto nothing. The
council will not recede from itsac
tion of yesterday. If anything its
exoneration of me would bo coin- take such a step, it would destroy
riete." the order in Missouri in less than
As soon ,as the convention was ninety days."
called to order, Colonel Livingston Jerry Simpson, Congressman-
arose and said that at the request elect from Kansas, said that State
of members of the Alliance, Pres- last year raised 270,000,000 bushels
ident Hall, of Missouri, had agreed corn, which the fanners sold at
to withdraw his explanation of his Pnces yZ irom cents to
reasons tor retusmg to sign tne .
committee report yesterday. This, entire amount the grain gamblers
ie said, was done in the interest of . . , . fa , , , . , , , v'
Then Dr. Macune arose
000 bushels and sold it at 45 cents
ft 1vv IT
to a question of personal privilege J. , , , , ' ' f
. , , ,. ,.,., from the pockets of the farmers of
ana aauresseu mmseii nneny xo If the United States Gov
the convention, lie denied tne 1 1 3 4 .
truth of some of the statements in as it protectg the gfimblers? thi8
the paper read by Mr. Hall, but never could have happened If the
his language was moderate and fnrmora i,n,i tr.n nnn nnn
--' A-U V A. kJ JJ.lfcl4. fVU VJJyJJf)JJJ
temperate. He sat down amid ey could have devoted $30,000,
great applause. 000 of it to the payment of arm
Then Mr. Hall said: "While mortgages, and have used the re
withdraw the written explann- mainder for their home comforts
tion for the sake of harmony and and larai improvements.
peace, I do not change my original Mr. Clark, of Texas, favored the
opinion." sub-treasury plan. " We mut t," he
This speech was 'greeted with said, "have fluctuating money me-
hisses, and with some applause as dium or go to the wall."
well. Other speeches were made by
The remainder of the evening Mr. Wade, .of Tennessee - 3)r. Ma
session was devoted chiefly to rem- enne, Harry Brown, -of Georgia:;
tine work Harry Tracy, of Texas; and Mr.
Just as the evening session was
Davie, of Kentucky, and the de-
1 i ii. VT-A? i n l
about to adjourn to Monday, it was " OI uie auonai warmers
resolved to endorse the National AlWeand lnanstrial Union were
nnaiiy adopted by a vote of 75) to y.
The Alliance adopted a memorial
to Congress condemning the Con
ger lard Trill, and calling for the
Washington was abandoned as
the place for holding the next meet
ing, and the national legislative
council will .decide at vits'first meet
ing npon some other city, either iu
passage of the Paddock pure food Indkna or Illinok
At the night session a resolution
mi n t 1 n ill".
inennanciai policy or tne am- was DftSsed un?inLr & esfftl)ll-st.
ance was formulated hy the com- raent 0f portal savings banks, nfl
mittee on legislation and Contain- Messrs. Demming, of Pennsylva
ed the following demands : nia- IW. nf Virmma- W1 Wmic
w- . o O J
(1) Abolition of national banks, ton, of West Virginia; were ap-
he establishment of sub-treasuries pointed to arrange for a grand sum-
which shall loan money to the peo- mer encampment, tinie.and place to
pie at 2 per cent. on real estate, or be fixed hereafter.
the deposit of farm product The national executive cominlt-
2) The prohibition of dealing in tee was authorized to formulate a
futures. . plan for t -mutual life 'association
3 ) Free -coinage of silver. au report uat the next arrauaLmeot-
(4) The prohibition of alien
ownership of land. dU8t uetore .adjournment, Mr.
(5) A reform and reduction of Mcnanan, ot lennessee, took oo-
the tariff. ctusum no ucnuunce inose wno .nac
6) Control by the Government mshed intormation io the pre
of the railroads and telegraph. " umu, ximves, :ana
President Hall, of the Missouri m i xt i xm
Aluance, opposed the sub-treasury , , , . , . . .
, ' V . . J ed resolutions wf thanks to all Who
find PvfpDftarl r'.rmrfociria fr main
(1) It is in violationof the Con- , , . n(XvmnnRr .
stitution of the United States. Lf in A'r.i.i-
(2) It is subsersive of, .and di-
rectly opposed to the constitution, 1 i,AJ tuisi'ISWE OF ONE.
principles, and demands of our own; The original and enterprising
order. departure of Tho Si ,T,rm's "Ronnie
(3) It is unjust and inequitable, lie in sending two papers of six
(4) It is very extravagant. pages every week to the subscrib-
(5) It would bring financial rain crs of its weekly edition, in place
to the farmers of our entire oun- of one 10-page paper, is anearnest
try, and to all other classes of bus- of the good treatment promised
iness. from time to time in other wavs.
The plan of issuing twice a week
ing, the effect of drawing the minds lias proved very satisfactory to all
of farmers and other laborers of Tne Republic's readers, who find
our country from the greatest curse tnat tliey get the news earlier than
of the age class legislation and
if adopted, will fasten these curses
upon us for all time."
Mr. Hall said that the sub-treasury
measure was purely "class leg
islation," and he argued at length
in proof of his statement. Among
other things on this point, he said:
"It would lose us millions of mem-
is possible by any other weekly pa
per, while paying only 81 a year.
Another original feature of The
Republic is the publication of three
special State editions, which con
tain all the State news of Missouri,
Illinois and Texas; thus relieving
the general edition of ithe mass of
merely local news which ueually
loads f.lifl rilnmna nf oflm rul-
bers in our order, the esteem, aid andnlaking Xhe public the
auuaympiuiyoi uiousamis oi re- best general weekly in the coun
ligous, agricultural, and political try Now is the time subscribe,
papers that have aided us in the Remember the price is -only $1 per
past nd the confidence of all the annum, and anyone sending in the,
good men and woman who have subscriptions of four new subscri
bid us God-speed. bers, will , receive one additional .
" It is my opinion, based on my copy free. Sample copies and a
experience gained in traveling and premium catalogue of forty-eight
lecturing in 10G out of 114 coun- pages will be sent free on applica
ties of our State, while your State tion. Address all orders, The Itii
lecturc.r, that if our order should JT15LIC, St Loan's, Mri.
9 -

xml | txt