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The Camden chronicle. (Camden, Tenn.) 1890-current, December 21, 1894, Image 2

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rublished Weekly at Camden, Tenn.
The subscription price of Tns Cjhioniole la
1 por year, 50 oenta for six moutlis, 23 emits
for thrve months, whioli positively must be paid
iu advanoo. All subscriptions will be promptly
topped at expiration of tiino paid for.
Obituary r.ud similar notices will bo charged
for tt 'he rate of 8 cents per line. We will
furnish rates for display ana local advertising
on application.
Our Job printing facilities are flrst-clas, and
our specialty is good work. Estimates (and
sample whoro pousiblo) will be furnished on
News communications and articles on ques
tions of publio interest are solicited, but wa
a-suma no responsibility for the expressions
contained in all such communications and
artioles published.
Remittances can be made In various ways that
are porfeotly safe, but all romittanoes sent ar
at the risk of sender. Postage stamps of 1 and
2-oent denominations will be received in sumi
of less than $1, providod they are sent in such
hape as to prevent thorn stinking together.
All remittances and business oommuuioationi
hould be sent to
TRAVIS BROS, Publishers,
Camden, Tenn.
Germany has $2,375,000,000 in
vested in foreign countries.
Trofessor Rudolph'Virchow told the
convention of anthropologists at In
nesbruck the other day that the Dar
winian theory of the origin of tspecies,
commonly known as "evolution," wag
onproven, unscientific, and evidently
Vermont is restocking its forests
and streams by good game laws
Btrictly enforced, and the people find
that land is worth more all over the
State than it was before this policy
was adopted. It is also noticed that
more sportsmen visit the State than
In one of the New York apartment
Louses there are 226 pianos one to
every four persons, besides a whole
orchestra of piccolos, violins, guitars,
cornets and an old-fashioned melo
deon. Those who live across the way
eay that it is the noisest house ia
Andrew Lang, the English essayist,
Bays that the idle, the imitative and
the needy had better adopt some other
calling than literature, and advise all
not to try to writo a novel, unless a
plot, or a set of characters, takes such
irresistible possession of the mind
that it must be written.
Says tho New York Ledger:
"Wherever Americans plant stakes, wo
hear of political agitation. The
epeeches at the great mass meeting of
Alaskans at Juneau had the true
American ring. There may have been
other political mass meetings in
Alaska, but tho news of them has not
reached us. The J uneau meeting was
the first important political demon
stration in that part of our domain,
the northern shores of which are
laved by tie waters of the Arctio
There are in successful operation in
the South a number of cotton factories
constructed with money raised on the
installment plan, the payments being
made as in a building and loan associa
tion. Among the mills established
tinder this co-operative Bcheme and
now in full operation, the New York
Ledger mentions the following: The
Ada Cotton Mill, wita a subscribed
capital of $128,000, producing chain
"warps and skein yarns; the Alpha
Cotton Mills, with a capital of $100,
00o; the Highland Park Gingham
Mills, with a fciibscribed capital of
$150,000, and the GafTney Cotton
Mills, capital subscribed, $150,000;
product, print cloth.
In view of the great number of post
office burglaries and highway mail
robberies recently, tho Tostmaster
Ceneral has deemed it proper to offer
rewards for the conviction of persons
concerned in such transactions, which
embrace $1000 for conviction of rob
bing the mails while being conveyed
in mail car on a railway; $500 for
conviction of robbing the mails while
being conveyed over any post route
other than a railway; 250 for an
nttempt at such robberies 150 for
breaking into and robbing a post
office, and 200 in the laiier case,
where the amount stolen exceeds 500.
The Trenton True American thinks
theso rewards ought to stimulate the
-ork of detecting and pursuing post-v-
foreign Nations Will Tako Part
Gates Will Open September 18
and Ho Closed December (Jl
Twelve Exhibition Buildings and
a Jlldway Plulsance.
The Now York Times has a nowsy illustra
ted account of the great Exposition ot South
ern products and progress which will be hold'
at Atlanta, Oa., in tho lnttor part ot 1893.
Through the courtosy of the Times wo repub
lish its illustrations and make the following
extracts from its interesting article :
Varied and wonderful nB were tho exhibits
at the World's Columbian exposition at Chi
cago, which closed a little over a year ago.
To Contain tho Exhibits of Handiwork
it was, and stlil is, a matter of regret on tho
part of the management ot that great enter
prise, and of every visitor there, but more
particularly on the part of the people of the
South, that there was not a largor display ol
the products of that very resourceful part ol
the country. Tho reason for this incomplete
display at the Chicago Exposition was be
cause of the peculiar provisions in tho Con
stitutions of most of tho Southern States,
whioh prevented tho appropriation of any of
the public money for such purposes.
To malto up for the loss of the display
Which should have been had at Chicago, it
has been decided to hold nn exposition at
Atlanta in 19j, beginning September 18 and
closing December 31. This exposition will
take the place of the Cotton Exposition
which is usually held in tho South. It will
be called the Cotton States and International
Exposition. It is not Intended that it shall
be a merely local or provincial affair, as tho
Cotton Statos Exposition has usually boon,
but it will bo an exhibition of all the pro
ducts of the South, as well as of Interesting
material from all American countries and
from as many foreign countries as can bo
interested in the project so soon after the
closing of the World's Fair at Chicago.
In view of the fact that American coun
tries are to bo particularly interested in this
exposition, it was at first proposed to call it
the Pan-American Exposition, but the favor
With which the idea was received by some
foreign countries seomod to give it nn inter
national character. Tho exposition has boon
indorsed by the United States Government,
by tho Governors of all the Boutnorn States,
nnd by all commercial bodies interested iu
the development of tho South. It i3 ex
pectodthat the Southern States will be fully
represented in the exhibits and that there
will bo many displays from Northern State?,
whtle the amount of material that Is plodgod
from South American countries is large
enough to assure an interesting, if not com
plete, exhibit of tho resources and products
of theso countries.
Tho particular oSject of this Atlanta Ex
position is tho fostering of trade relations
between tho Southern Statos nnd between
the Southern States and Pan-Amorican coun
tries. It is felt by all Southern peoplo that
thero is a large field of business enterprise
south of tho Gulf of Mexico, and, with tho
same spirit which has mado Yankees taraous,
tho Southerners aro taking stops to make
the most of it. Four Commissioners have
been sent into Mexico, Central and South
America, and through them nearly nil these
countries have returned favorable replies to
tho lnvitutious to participate in tho exposi
tion.' Although tho exposition was at first out
lined something aft nr the plan of tho usual
cotton exhibitions, it grow so steadily that
it has now become universal in plan. It was
in last February that a mass mooting of tho
citizens of Atlanta waa held to tako steps to
inaugurate the plans ot the exposition.
Following so closely upon the World's Ex-
Now: eing Built for tho Display of Fino Arts nt tho Atlanta Exposition.
position and tho close of tho Pacific Coast
Exposition, at San Francisco, it was felt
that many largo exhibits could bo obtained
for Atlanta with very little trouble and at
comparatively small cost. The fact that the
South was so littlo represented nt the
World's Fair, nnd that the bulk of tho vis
itors thore came from theNorth, becaus9 the
Southern peoplo were unable to attend, ow
ing to the business depression, seemed to
make it nlmost imperative thut thero should
be a woll-orgnnlzed movement to provl to
for the attractive display of tho wonderful
products of the South.
Atlanta, which is tho capital of Georgia, is
situated on high rolling land, bordering the
Alleghany range, nnd Is 1100 feet above the
Eoa. It has many flue sites for an exposition
like the one contemplated. Of these, Pied
mont Tark, which is situated two miles from
the center of tho city, was finally adopted.
Its beautiful landsenpo.foatures made it the
most suitable of the numerous sites which
WCX2 su:;g"Sted by th enterprising oitizens.
The grounds slopo from the hills on onesid-j
to the line of tho railroad on tho lower bor
der, nnd were possibla of development in a
Very nrtistio manner.
A part of this park was dug out so thnt an
inland lake, twenty n-res in area, was pro
vided, and around this lake, as around the
lagoons at tho World's Fair, it was proposed
to group tne pnncipii buildings, Tho lay
ing out of thegrouiuls and the arrangement
of the building and tholr location was done
by Grant Wilklns, of Atlanta, who was made
Chief or Construction. Mr. Wllkins is well
known to the South an a railroad undbrldgo
construotor, and him bson very successful in
laying out the grounds for tho Atlanta Ex
post Ion,
Piedmont Fark is historic ground. When
Sherman was on his march to the soa At
lanta felt before him, General Hood being
unsuccessful In defondlng it. Tho ground
to beoccupiod by the exposition of the pro
ducts of tho Bouth since tho war, was in tho
middle of the battle ground at tho time
Sherman shollod Atlanta, when tho city wits
sot on fire and nlmost completely destroyed,
Alongjhat part of the park whoro tho Mid
way na'isanco oi trio "exposition wi'ii be,
even at this remote day, may bu soon the
tronclos behind w.hich tho soldiers fought.
Although it was at first proposed to have
onlyono building, which was to be large
enough to contain nil tho exhibits which it
was thought it would be possible to obtain,
so much interest in tho exposition was de
veloped in the South and in othor countries
that the scope of the enterprise gradually
by Women at tho Atlanta Exposition.
extenaoa until it was louna nooessnryto
provide ton buildings for tho exhibits alone,
There will also bo the Government IJuildlng
to build which and for tho installation of
exhibits the Government has appropropri
nted 200,000, and the Administration Build
in?, which, in addition to holding tha
offices of the exposition, will contain an au
ditorium that will seat 4500 peoplo.
Mr. Wllkins gave to the building 6ot apart
for tho fine arts tho looatlon on tho top of
the hill in the most conspicuous part of tho
grounds. The Government Building will'
also be near by, on a high piano of ground.
The other buildings are all grouped about
tho lake. In the centre of the park Mr. Wll
kins providod for tropical horticultural gar
dens, in the centro ol which thero will bo an
electrio fountain similar to the ones on eaoh
sldo of MocMonnies fountain at tho World's
Fair. The Terraces, ns tho Midway
Plalsanceot tho Atlanta Exposition U called,
are a winding street along the southern eud
of tho park, which is broken by a bridge
over a lagoon near tho centre. Tho ter
races aro situated whero the old trenches
aro still visible. Piodrasnt Park contains
189 acres. It will thus bo seen that thero is
plenty of room for tho buildings and for tho
winding paths, horticultural gardens and
othor landscape fontures, which, even in
their prosont incomplete state, prora'so to
make tho park one of tho most beautiful iu
which any exposition was ever situated.
Bradford L. Gilbert, of New York City, is
ho architect of ten of the exposition build
ings. The Fine Arts Building was designed
by WaUerT. Downing, of Atlanta. The Fino
Arts Building will be covered with stuff, like
that used so excessively at Chicago. Tho
other buildings will be built of Georgia pine
covered with shingles. Home idea of the
extent of the principal buildings can be ob
tained from tho dimensions :
Manufactures and Liberal Arts 2lfix.'OT
Machinery IOOxMO
Minerals and Forestry HO.sli'iO
Agriculture. l.r,0x:W()
Electricity 91x'2;"lt
Transportation ....120x413
Woman's Building ,.110x220
Fiun Arts Building 100x245
Negro Building 100x30!)
The Government Building is of llomnu
esque architecture and has a floor area of
about 50,0l)D squ ire toot. A turretcd tower
surmounts tho structure, Having at its apex
a platform for tho exposure of the instru
ments of the Weathor Bureau. Tho Navy
Dopartmout will operate n time ball and elec
tric search light on the roof of this building.
Ample provision is made for tho requisite
ofll'Ms, toilet rooms, stnlrcaws, etc., which
uro situated in the projecting pavilions at
tho entrances, thus leaving u'io lloor spaeo
available for the exhibits. In tho act appro
priating the money for tho exposition, tho
Government included a clause providing for
the admission of foreign exhibit? iroo of
President Dlan, of Moxioo, has announced
his intention to make nn exhibit of the re
sources of that country. Thero will be niso
exhibits from Venezuela, Colombia, Gufito
ma'.a, Nicaragua, Liberia, Cuba, and, it is
expected, also, from the Congo Free State,
Bolivia, Paraguay, Uruguay, Salvador, Cos
ta, Rica, Ecuador, Chile, Peru, the Argentine
RoDubllc and Brazil.
The architectural idea of Machinery Hall
Is that which prevails throughout most ot
tho buildings the Romanesque. The build
ing Is designed to give a great deal of spaco
inside, but little room being taken up by
stairways and olUoas. It is sixty-five feet
high. In tho Agricultural Building tho
architecture is pyramidal in character.
Tho Electricity Building will be brilliantly
Illuminated. It is situated at the foot of tho
lake, whero its towers and nxehoa ontlino.l
in rows ot light, will be particularly notice
able. Tho building designed for forestry and
minerals is to bo erocto l of natural wood,
?om"thlng alter tho style of the Forestry
Building at tho World's Fair. I:i the in
terior it will bo festooned with Southern
moss and greens. Tho spaces between the
posts nnd braces, which are of natural trees,
will be covered with bark. A roof prome
nade garden, with an area of 23,000 square
feet, will bo c no of tho features of this build
ing. Its sides will be forme! of palms and
palmettos. .
In the" Woman's Building thero will bo ex
hibits of books written by womon, musical
compositions, patents nnd inventions and
nrtistio work. Special attempts will bo
made to secure a large collection of oil
palutings, etchings and wator colors, nrchl
leclual designs, sculptures, nnd models in
clay, wood carving, embroideries, plain sow
ing, ceramics nnd china painting. Thero
will nlso be a cooking school and kinder
garten. The Fine Arts Building Is of the Italian
Renaissanco, with a teudency to the Floren
tine s-jliool. It Is proposed to make the edu
cational exhibit bettor in every wav, If pos
sible, than tho one nt tho World's Fair. It
has not yet boon decided to havo a separata
building for this exhibit, but as tho spaco
iccurueu 10 it at utilcago was inadequate, it
Is probablo that a building will havo to bo :
providod. It is proposed to havo a sample
sf tho work of every pupil ot every school
In the South. j
Tho most uniquo thing about tho oxposl- j
tlon Is tho fact that thocrk of tho nogro in
tho South will bo acknowledged and havo a
place. A special building has boon pro
vided for tho negro exhibit. It is 100 by 300
foot, nnd it is intonded that tho best work ot
tho negro in every department of labor,
showing tho progress made in education and
in industrial pursuits slnco his emancipa
tion, shall find a place there. Representa
tive colored men have become greatly in
terested in this proposed exhibit. Several
of them are now traveling through the South
arranging for exhibits. Tho Virginia and
Mississippi committees are particularly ac
tive. It Is oxpoctod that this showing or the
nogro's progress will be of mutual Jjonellt to
the blacks and tho whltos of tho South.
A spocial effort has nlso boon made to
3ecure a better display of tobacco than was
ever had before. The cultivation, curing,
marketing and manufacturing of tobacco
and cf tobacco products will be shown in all
forms and Biases. Provision has rlso been
made for music and lecture halls, and for
the exhibition of live stock and dairy prod
ucts. Mr. Fioldor, Chief Assistant to Director
General Collier, called particular attention
to the amusament fontures. Ho said that
while the Midway Platsaneo of the exposi
tion had been calied the Terraces, it was ex
pected that tho more popular term would ba
usud by the visitors.
3l"We8hall refuse to accept tho applications
of any but flrst-classattractions. There will
bo n Mexican village, including a street
scene in Mexico, with its cathedral, thoatro
and booths, and tho grounds will be orna
mented with Mexican plants. A line or
chestra will provide music for this village.
Ample private capital is back of this enter
prise, and its projectors havo been at work
sovoral months collecting material. Thero
will also bo a picturesque exhibit from
Guatemala, showing the bamboo huts in
which will live Carlb Indians, nut carvers and
other natives of that country. Exquisite
carvings on Guatemalan nuts, musical
stones and other things will bo on sale. !
"There will bo a Hawaiian village, with
nn exhibit from tho Royal Museum, deep soa
divers, hula-hula dancers, nud tho pictur
esque huts of that country. A Gorman village
will also bo one of tho features of this part
of tho Exposition. Thero will bo a beer
garden and a band to furnish mu3lo for tho
people who assemble there. Instead of sov
eral Oriental villages, wo expect to combine
a thorough representation of Oriental life in
one village. There will bo a model gold
i::lne, nn electric scenio theatre, and a beauty
B'iuv. A company has also been organized
to socure a eoucossiou for a lift on tho can
tilever principle, something on tho stylo of
the old fashioned teeter.
"Efforts are being made fr secure for At
lanta during the Exposition meetings of
commercial and professional societies, so
that tholr members may coaibiuo pleasure
With profit.
"Although Atlanta was tho scoeo of one ot
tho most destructive and terrible battles of
tho war, tho people there have lost sight of
the causes which lod to tho war, and thoro
is no sectional feeling. Wo do not try to
revive war memories. A curious example
of this oblivion of the past is shown by the
appointment ns one of tho Secretaries of the
exposition of General J. R. Lowis, a Union
veteran. General Lowis was with Sherman
on his march to tho s sa, when Atlanta was
dostroyed. Fifteen years ngo he moved to
the city and he has boon ono ot its promi
nent citizens ever since. Ho was Postmaster
under President nnrrison and is thoroughly
identified with all tho interests of too city."
A New Organization With Hcadquar
ters iu Florida.
Notice has been given that on or
about JaAuary 10th, next, application
will be made to Governor Mitchell, of
Florida, for letters patent, granting a
charter to tho Gnlf Iransit Company,
with Pensacola ns its place of business
and a capital stock of $200,000, Th
organization of this company is part
of tho plan of the Louisville andasli
ville Railroad Company to increase iho
export and import business of tho l eu
gacola port. M. II. Smith, president of
the Louisvillo and Nanhvillo Railroad
Company, will be president of the
Gulf Transit Company; II. W. Brnco
will be vice president, and W. II. Roy
nolds will be eecretarv and treasurer,
These gentlemen are all residents of
Louisvillo, Ky. Tho company will be
authorized to buy, sell and export
coal, coke, lumber, timber, storep,
f-'hiugles, iron and other ores and other
domestic products and merchandise.
They will also import sugar and hard
Chicago Tolice Have tho Shoo and
Leather Hank Defaulter,
Samuel C. Seeley, wanted in Now
York for forgery and tho larceny of
351,000 while an assistant bookkeeper
in the National Shoo and Leather
bank, of that city, is under arrest in
Chicago. He is passing under the as
sumed name of Frank J. Dale, and
denies that ho is the man wanted, but
his appearance coincides so minutely
with the description of Seeley that
thero is no doubt of his identity, and
in addition to this he carries papers
which provo him to bo tho man almost
beyond doubt.
" Tho Tarson Was a Counterfeiter.
Tho treasury department is in
formed of tho arrest in fJ;o Lookout
mountains of Alabama of W.v . Mor
ris, a preacher, charged witli manu
facturing counterfeit silver coiii. Sev
eral sets of plates and a large quantity
of coin wero captured.
The "Reform" Hero dets a Lucrative
Job for Six Years.
A Columbia special says : Benjamin
R. Tillman, who ceased being gover
nor a week ago, became United States
senator from the etata of South Caro
lina, at noon Tuesday, to succeed Gen
eral M. 0. Butler, who has held that
position for the paBt eighteen years.
lie went in on a landslide, just as hg
has ridden into tho office of governor
twico. Indeed, tho election was sim
plv pro forma. The galleries were
about half filled when the election
took placo. On tho announcement of
the result there was some applause.
The conservative members alone
voted for General Butler. Tho tost
voto was: Tillman, 131; Butler, 21 J
George W. Murray, 2 ; W. D. Crum.l.
Tillman is elected for six years, wita
a term beginning on March 4th.
Tlia American Federation Gather at
Tho fourteenth annual convention of
tho American Federation of Labor was
called to order at Denver, Col., by
President Gompers promptly at 10
o'clock Monday. There were one hun
dred delegates and spectators in Odd
Fellows hall at that tinio and half as
many more came in during tho morn
ing session.
President Rhode Ivahn, of tho Den
ver Trades Assembly, delivered the
address of welcome, to which Mr.
Gompers briefly responded. The lat
ter spoke feelingly of the almost des
perate condition of lnbor at the pres
ent time. This was followed by com
plimentary words for Denver and her
energetic people. Referring to the
innovation of holding this convention
so far west as Denver, ho suggested
that within a decade the westward
movement of industry might tako the
conventions of the federation to the
Golden Gate.
Tuesday morning a BUgar houso on
Southwood plantation, Ascension par
ish, La., was demolished by a cyclone,
burying Bix men beneath the debris.
Two wero mortally wounded and two
severely hurt.
Ettsell Adams, a well-to-do farmer
living threo miles from Florence, S.
C, through a fit of temporary ink';-
ity, shot his daughter in the head, ae
afterwards shot his wife nnd then
slashed himself to death. All three
aro dead.
Tho board of trustees of Richmond
college, at their semi-annual meeting,
elected Professor Frederick W. Boat-
wright president of that institution, a
placo which was offered to Hon. Will
iam "Wilson, of "West Virginia, two
years ago.
A cable dispatch from Berlin is to
the effect that Baron von Berlepsch,
Prussian minister of commerce,, has
tendered his resignation to tho em
peror, owing to differences with his
colleagues in the ministry.
Architect Bruco Is to Supervise the
Government Hu5lvl:ii'.
A dispatch from Washington, 1). C.,'
announces that A. C. Bruce, of Atlan
ta, has been appointed supervising ar
chitect of the government building at
tho exposition. Ho ia a member of a!,'
prominent firm Bruce and Morgan .
and is ono of thoso who t ubmittedy,
plans for tho exposition buildings.
The Business Men's League, of
Charleston, S. C, will make an exhibit
at the Cotton Stat?s and International
Exposition. Advices have also been
received to the effect that tho city of
Chicago will havo an exhibit. Tho di
rectors of the exposition aro invited to
go to Chicago to meet the World's fair
board for a conference with a view to
extending the work for the exposition
into the uorthwest.
Notices Served by Operators in tho
Pittsburg District.
Many of the railroad coal operators
of the Pittsburg, Ta., district will re
duce wages within the next ten days.
The initiative has already leen made
by Henry Floishein, the owner oE the
Germania and Nottingham mines at
Fiuleyville, in tho Wheeling division
of tho Baltimore and Ohio railroad.
Wednesday morning notices were
posted at his mines that on and after
next Mouday the rate for mining will
be 55 cents per ton. The officials of
the miners' organization refus-e to talk
on tho situation, and would not antici
pate what action the miners will take.
Manufactory Goes Up in Smoke.
Tho factorv of the Composition
Board Manufacturing Company, - ji
Minneapolis, Minn., a conceri hicLJ
manufactures composition wod. and"
paper, was destroyed by fire Vie-sdav
night. Loss, $G0,000; insurance

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